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Mental Toughness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306559/differential-associations-of-adverse-childhood-experience-on-maternal-health
#1
Nicole M Racine, Sheri L Madigan, Andre R Plamondon, Sheila W McDonald, Suzanne C Tough
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined whether three distinct antecedent factors related to maternal adverse childhood experiences were differentially associated with maternal health and psychosocial outcomes in the antepartum period. It was hypothesized that all three adverse childhood experience factors would be positively associated with poor health prior to pregnancy, poor reproductive health history, and health complications and psychosocial difficulties during pregnancy. METHODS: Data from 1,994 women (mean age=30...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289832/predictive-value-of-psychological-resilience-for-mental-health-disturbances-a-three-wave-prospective-study-among-police-officers
#2
Erik van der Meulen, Peter G van der Velden, Ilaria Setti, Marc J P M van Veldhoven
Psychological resilience is considered an important predictor for mental health disturbances among rescue workers. To what extent resilience predicts mental health disturbances among police officers at different stages while adjusting for existing (mental) health disturbances is unclear. Among 566 police officers resilience was operationalized by the Resilience Scale-nl and the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 questionnaires (8 scales in total). Mental health disturbances (such as depression symptoms and PTSD) and other health-related variables were assessed at baseline and follow-ups at three and nine months...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275339/health-impact-of-objective-burden-subjective-burden-and-positive-aspects-of-caregiving-an-observational-study-among-caregivers-in-switzerland
#3
Christine Fekete, Hannah Tough, Johannes Siegrist, Martin Wg Brinkhof
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of objective caregiver burden, subjective caregiver burden and positive aspects of caregiving with self-reported health indicators in caregiving partners of persons with a severe physical disability (spinal cord injury). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Caregiving partners of persons with spinal cord injury (n=118, response rate 19...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248306/mental-toughness-and-behavioural-perseverance-a-conceptual-replication-and-extension
#4
Brandon Giles, Paul S R Goods, Dylan R Warner, Dale Quain, Peter Peeling, Kagan J Ducker, Brian Dawson, Daniel F Gucciardi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct a conceptual replication of the proposition that mental toughness is associated positively with behavioural perseverance. DESIGN: Repeated-measures design. METHODS: In total, 38 male Australian rules footballers took part in this study (age, 21±3 y; mass, 82.7±11.0kg; height, 1.84±.07m; football experience, 13±4 y). Participants self-reported mental toughness approximately one week prior to their first testing session where we assessed their aerobic capacity via the measurement of peak oxygen consumption (V˙O2peak)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176003/predicting-how-health-behaviours-contribute-to-the-development-of-diseases-within-a-military-population-in-the-hungarian-defence-forces
#5
Attila Novák, B Hornyák, Zs Rázsó, Sz Szalánczi, Zs Juhász, A Sótér, Cs Nyakas
INTRODUCTION: Recent legislative amendments in Hungary have resulted in the possibility for early retirement being abolished in the Hungarian Defence Forces. The retirement age for professional soldiers has also increased to 65 years, thereby greatly increasing the average length of military service. This necessitates greater attention to the health and care of service personnel due to the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases with age. The aim of this research was to identify how health behaviours might potentially contribute to diseases in the Hungarian Defence Forces...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149198/experiences-of-older-people-with-dementia-participating-in-a-high-intensity-functional-exercise-program-in-nursing-homes-while-it-s-tough-it-s-useful
#6
Nina Lindelöf, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Dawn A Skelton, Berit Lundman, Erik Rosendahl
The objective of the study was to describe the views and experiences of participation in a high-intensity functional exercise (HIFE) program among older people with dementia in nursing homes. The study design was a qualitative interview study with 21 participants (15 women), aged 74-96, and with a Mini-Mental State Examination score of 10-23 at study start. The HIFE-program comprises exercises performed in functional weight-bearing positions and including movements used in everyday tasks. The exercise was individually designed, supervised in small groups in the nursing homes and performed during four months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974195/a-qualitative-inquiry-on-pregnant-women-s-preferences-for-mental-health-screening
#7
Hamideh Bayrampour, Deborah A McNeil, Karen Benzies, Charleen Salmon, Karen Gelb, Suzanne Tough
BACKGROUND: Approaches to screening can influence the acceptance of and comfort with mental health screening. Qualitative evidence on pregnant women's comfort with different screening approaches and disclosure of mental health concerns is scant. The purpose of this study was to understand women's perspectives of different mental health screening approaches and the perceived barriers to the communication and disclosure of their mental health concerns during pregnancy. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was undertaken...
October 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936927/-you-ve-gotta-be-that-tough-crust-exterior-man-depression-and-suicide-in-rural-based-men
#8
Genevieve Creighton, John Oliffe, John Ogrodniczuk, Blye Frank
Suicide rates in Canada are highest among rural men. Drawing on photovoice interviews with 13 women and two men living in a small rural Canadian town who lost a man to suicide, we inductively derived three themes to describe how contextual factors influence rural men's experiences of depression and responses to suicidal thoughts: (a) hiding depression and its cause, (b) manly self-medicating, and (c) mobilizing prevention. Further discussed is how gender relations and ideals of masculinity within rural milieu can inhibit men's acknowledgment of and help seeking for mental illness issues...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910189/associations-among-omega-3-fatty-acid-status-anxiety-and-mental-toughness-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#9
Patrick B Wilson, Leilani A Madrigal
OBJECTIVE: Poor omega-3 fatty acid status has been linked to anxiety in the general population, but scarce data are available describing omega-3 fatty acid levels in athletes and their associations with anxiety and mental toughness. METHODS: Whole blood samples were obtained from 54 female collegiate athletes and analyzed for fatty acids as a part of this cross-sectional observational study. Participants also completed a food frequency questionnaire on the intake of omega-3 fatty acids, as well as the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS)-2, and Mental Toughness Scale (MTS)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853447/work-and-family-conflicts-in-employees-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-their-caregiving-partners
#10
C Fekete, J Siegrist, H Tough, M W G Brinkhof
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of conflicts between work and family life with indicators of health and to examine the antecedents of those conflicts in employees with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their caregiving partners. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. METHODS: Data from employed persons with SCI (n=79) and caregiving partners (n=93) who participated in the pro-WELL study were used...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813344/mental-toughness-progress-and-prospects
#11
REVIEW
Daniel F Gucciardi
Mental toughness (MT) has become a popular area of investigation and practice within sport and exercise psychology over the past two decades. Since the turn of the twenty first century, there have been hundreds of studies published on mental toughness, yet concerns remain about the conceptualisation and measurement of mental toughness. In this paper, I take stock of past work with the goal of clarifying and elaborating the most fundamental and common aspects of MT. I also look to the future and outline key substantive and methodological issues that may offer the greatest potential for refining the conceptualisation of MT and contributing to theory building on this concept...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770699/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-and-community-cohesion-after-the-2013-calgary-flood
#12
Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Muci Wu, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: To examine mental health and community cohesion in women living in Calgary after a natural disaster considering previously collected mental health data. METHODS: Data from an ongoing longitudinal cohort, the All Our Families study, were used to examine mental health and community cohesion 5 months after a major flood in Calgary, Canada. Participants who had completed a baseline questionnaire before the flood were eligible for inclusion in this study (N=923)...
August 3, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648241/is-a-peaceful-mind-a-winning-mind-comment-on
#13
Li-Wei Zhang
This commentary on Hardy and colleagues' discussion of psychosocial biographies of British super-elite athletes discusses cultural differences from a Chinese perspective. While British super-elite athletes might cope with high pressure by a counter-phobic attitude or total preparation, Chinese super-elite athletes achieve that by "Pingchangxin," a concept originated from Hongzhou Buddhism. This concept is difficult to translate but includes having no evaluation of good and evil, maintaining a peaceful mind in adversity and frustration, letting nature take its course, so as to reach the realm of freedom...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622768/erratum-to-social-relationships-mental-health-and-wellbeing-in-physical-disability-a-systematic-review
#14
Hannah Tough, Johannes Siegrist, Christine Fekete
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566813/kickboxing-review-anthropometric-psychophysiological-and-activity-profiles-and-injury-epidemiology
#15
REVIEW
M Slimani, H Chaabene, B Miarka, E Franchini, K Chamari, F Cheour
Kickboxing is one of the modern combat sports. The psychophysiological demands of a kickboxing competition require athletes to achieve high thresholds of several aspects of physical fitness. The aim of the current review is to critically analyse and appraise the kickboxer's anthropometric, physiological, physical and psychological attributes with the activity profile and injury epidemiology in order to provide practical recommendations for training as well as new areas of scientific research. The available information shows that both amateur and elite-level male kickboxers are characterized by a higher proportion of mesomorphy with a well-developed muscle mass and low body fat percentage...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558619/mental-toughness-in-south-african-youth
#16
Richard G Cowden, Peter J Clough, Kwaku Oppong Asante
Young people are particularly vulnerable to health risk behaviors and interpersonal violence, stimulating scholars' attention towards identifying factors that may reduce the likelihood that these actions will occur. Associated with positive outcomes in a variety of domains, mental toughness in young people might protect them from engaging in potentially deleterious interpersonal or health-risk behaviors, while potentially promoting positive psychological behaviors. Within this framework, the present study investigated the relationships between mental toughness, attitudes towards physical and psychological risk-taking, and trait forgiveness in a sample of 123 (males = 54, females = 69) South African youth ( M age = 23...
April 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482878/social-relationships-mental-health-and-wellbeing-in-physical-disability-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Hannah Tough, Johannes Siegrist, Christine Fekete
BACKGROUND: Research has consistently found that favourable exchange with one's proximal social environment has positive effects on both mental health and wellbeing. Adults with physical disabilities may have fewer opportunities of favourable exchange, and therefore the effects on mental health and wellbeing may be less advantageous. The aim of this study is to systematically review quantitative studies exploring associations of social relationships with mental health and wellbeing in persons with physical disabilities...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347719/controlling-coaching-and-athlete-thriving-in-elite-adolescent-netballers-the-buffering-effect-of-athletes-mental-toughness
#18
Daniel F Gucciardi, Andreas Stamatis, Nikos Ntoumanis
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to examine the association between controlling coach behaviours and athlete experiences of thriving and test the buffering effect of mental toughness on this relation. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: In total, 232 female netballers aged 11 to 17 years (14.97+1.52) with between 1 and 15 years of experience in their sport (7.50+2.28) completed measures of controlling coach interpersonal style, mental toughness and thriving...
August 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270462/controversies-concerning-the-canadian-not-criminally-responsible-reform-act
#19
Robert Lacroix, Roy O'Shaughnessy, Dale E McNiel, Renée L Binder
In Canada, individuals found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder are subject to the disposition recommendations of the Provincial or Territorial Review Board of the jurisdiction where the offense was committed. Bill C-14, known as "The Not Criminally Responsible Reform Act" made changes to the postverdict disposition process of these individuals. This legislation was consistent with a broader "tough-on-crime" agenda of the previous federal government. The legislative changes codify that Review Boards take public safety as the "paramount consideration" in making their recommendations...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210346/mental-toughness-in-talented-youth-tennis-players-a-comparison-between-on-court-observations-and-a-self-reported-measure
#20
Ruben Houwer, Tamara Kramer, Ruud den Hartigh, Nikki Kolman, Marije Elferink-Gemser, Barbara Huijgen
In tennis, mental toughness is often considered highly important in achieving the elite level. The current study is the first to examine behavioural expressions of mental toughness on the court and their relationships with self-reported measures. Based on the input of five experienced tennis coaches of junior tennis players and behaviours used in previous studies, we developed a taxonomy consisting of six positive behaviours and ten negative ones. To investigate the relationship between these on-court behaviours of mental toughness and how the players rated their own mental toughness, emotional control in particular, six talented tennis players (aged 10-13) were recorded during tennis matches and filled out the self-reported measure of mental toughness (MTQ48)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
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