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Mental Toughness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780672/latent-profiles-of-elite-malaysian-athletes-use-of-psychological-skills-and-techniques-and-relations-with-mental-toughness
#1
Vellapandian Ponnusamy, Robin L J Lines, Chun-Qing Zhang, Daniel F Gucciardi
Background: The majority of past work on athletes' use of psychological skills and techniques (PSTs) has adopted a variable-centered approach in which the statistical relations among study variables are averaged across a sample. However, variable-centered-analyses exclude the possibility that PSTs may be used in tandem or combined in different ways across practice and competition settings. With this empirical gap in mind, the purposes of this study were to identify the number and type of profiles of elite athletes' use of PSTs, and examine differences between these clusters in terms of their self-reported mental toughness...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685697/mental-health-of-jail-inmates-within-the-prison-of-ducos-martinique-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#2
R Arnal, M Spodenkiewicz, J Lacoste, L Jehel, B Falissard
BACKGROUND: Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664926/exploration-of-psychological-distress-experienced-by-survivors-of-adolescent-cancer-reporting-a-need-for-psychological-support
#3
Malin Ander, Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, Louise von Essen, Emma Hovén
OBJECTIVE: In this qualitative study, we aimed to provide an in-depth exploration of cancer-related psychological distress experienced by young survivors of cancer during adolescence reporting a need for psychological support. METHODS: Two individual interviews were held with ten young survivors of cancer diagnosed in adolescence. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Analysis followed the guidelines for inductive qualitative manifest content analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594369/maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-antepartum-risks-the-moderating-role-of-social-support
#4
Nicole Racine, Sheri Madigan, Andre Plamondon, Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Suzanne Tough
The aims of the current study were to examine the association between maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and antepartum health risks, and to investigate whether social support moderated this association. It was hypothesized that ACEs would be associated with antepartum health risks; however, social support in the prenatal period would buffer mothers from the deleterious consequences of ACEs. Data from 1994 women (mean age = 31 years) and their infants were collected from a longitudinal cohort recruited in health care offices in Alberta, Canada...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540960/a-three-domain-personality-analysis-of-a-mentally-tough-athlete
#5
Tristan J Coulter, Clifford J Mallett, Jefferson A Singer
The current study adopted McAdams' multilayer framework as the basis to develop a psychological portrait of an elite athlete who was identified as being particularly 'mentally tough'. The aim was to use this single case as an exemplar to demonstrate the utility of McAdams' framework for understanding the complexity of sport performers across three domains of personality: dispositional traits, characteristic adaptations, and narrative identity. We operationalised these domains through the development of specific research questions and, subsequently, the collection and integration of the participant's Big Five traits, personal strivings, coping strategies, and response to a life story interview...
January 2018: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490029/-tough-times-have-become-good-times-resilience-in-older-adults-with-a-low-socioeconomic-position
#6
Almar A L Kok, Fenna van Nes, Dorly J H Deeg, Guy Widdershoven, Martijn Huisman
Background and Objectives: This qualitative study applied a resilience perspective to socioeconomic inequalities in the functioning of older adults. We aimed to gain insight into how some older adults managed to age successfully despite having a low socioeconomic position (SEP) throughout their lives. Research Design and Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 resilient adults over the age of 79 years participating in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
February 27, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474398/mental-toughness-latent-profiles-in-endurance-athletes
#7
Joanna S Zeiger, Robert S Zeiger
Mental toughness in endurance athletes, while an important factor for success, has been scarcely studied. An online survey was used to examine eight mental toughness factors in endurance athletes. The study aim was to determine mental toughness profiles via latent profile analysis in endurance athletes and whether associations exist between the latent profiles and demographics and sports characteristics. Endurance athletes >18 years of age were recruited via social media outlets (n = 1245, 53% female). Mental toughness was measured using the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ), Psychological Performance Inventory-Alternative (PPI-A), and self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402179/the-moderating-effect-of-mental-toughness-perception-of-risk-and-belief-in-the-paranormal
#8
Kenneth Drinkwater, Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Andrew Parker
This research demonstrates that higher levels of mental toughness provide cognitive-perceptual processing advantages when evaluating risk. No previous research, however, has examined mental toughness in relation to perception of risk and paranormal belief (a variable associated with distorted perception of causality and elevated levels of perceived risk). Accordingly, the present paper investigated relationships between these factors. A sample of 174 participants completed self-report measures assessing mental toughness, general perception of risk, and paranormal belief...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306559/differential-associations-of-adverse-childhood-experience-on-maternal-health
#9
Nicole M Racine, Sheri L Madigan, Andre R Plamondon, Sheila W McDonald, Suzanne C Tough
INTRODUCTION: The current study examined whether three distinct antecedent factors related to maternal adverse childhood experiences were differentially associated with maternal health and psychosocial outcomes in the antepartum period. It was hypothesized that all three adverse childhood experience factors would be positively associated with poor health prior to pregnancy, poor reproductive health history, and health complications and psychosocial difficulties during pregnancy. METHODS: Data from 1,994 women (mean age=30...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289832/predictive-value-of-psychological-resilience-for-mental-health-disturbances-a-three-wave-prospective-study-among-police-officers
#10
Erik van der Meulen, Peter G van der Velden, Ilaria Setti, Marc J P M van Veldhoven
Psychological resilience is considered an important predictor for mental health disturbances among rescue workers. To what extent resilience predicts mental health disturbances among police officers at different stages while adjusting for existing (mental) health disturbances is unclear. Among 566 police officers resilience was operationalized by the Resilience Scale-nl and the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 questionnaires (8 scales in total). Mental health disturbances (such as depression symptoms and PTSD) and other health-related variables were assessed at baseline and follow-ups at three and nine months...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275339/health-impact-of-objective-burden-subjective-burden-and-positive-aspects-of-caregiving-an-observational-study-among-caregivers-in-switzerland
#11
Christine Fekete, Hannah Tough, Johannes Siegrist, Martin Wg Brinkhof
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of objective caregiver burden, subjective caregiver burden and positive aspects of caregiving with self-reported health indicators in caregiving partners of persons with a severe physical disability (spinal cord injury). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Caregiving partners of persons with spinal cord injury (n=118, response rate 19...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248306/mental-toughness-and-behavioural-perseverance-a-conceptual-replication-and-extension
#12
Brandon Giles, Paul S R Goods, Dylan R Warner, Dale Quain, Peter Peeling, Kagan J Ducker, Brian Dawson, Daniel F Gucciardi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct a conceptual replication of the proposition that mental toughness is associated positively with behavioural perseverance. DESIGN: Repeated-measures design. METHODS: In total, 38 male Australian rules footballers took part in this study (age, 21±3 y; mass, 82.7±11.0kg; height, 1.84±.07m; football experience, 13±4 y). Participants self-reported mental toughness approximately one week prior to their first testing session where we assessed their aerobic capacity via the measurement of peak oxygen consumption (V˙O2peak )...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176003/predicting-how-health-behaviours-contribute-to-the-development-of-diseases-within-a-military-population-in-the-hungarian-defence-forces
#13
Attila Novák, B Hornyák, Zs Rázsó, Sz Szalánczi, Zs Juhász, A Sótér, Cs Nyakas
INTRODUCTION: Recent legislative amendments in Hungary have resulted in the possibility for early retirement being abolished in the Hungarian Defence Forces. The retirement age for professional soldiers has also increased to 65 years, thereby greatly increasing the average length of military service. This necessitates greater attention to the health and care of service personnel due to the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases with age. The aim of this research was to identify how health behaviours might potentially contribute to diseases in the Hungarian Defence Forces...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149198/experiences-of-older-people-with-dementia-participating-in-a-high-intensity-functional-exercise-program-in-nursing-homes-while-it-s-tough-it-s-useful
#14
Nina Lindelöf, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Dawn A Skelton, Berit Lundman, Erik Rosendahl
The objective of the study was to describe the views and experiences of participation in a high-intensity functional exercise (HIFE) program among older people with dementia in nursing homes. The study design was a qualitative interview study with 21 participants (15 women), aged 74-96, and with a Mini-Mental State Examination score of 10-23 at study start. The HIFE-program comprises exercises performed in functional weight-bearing positions and including movements used in everyday tasks. The exercise was individually designed, supervised in small groups in the nursing homes and performed during four months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974195/a-qualitative-inquiry-on-pregnant-women-s-preferences-for-mental-health-screening
#15
Hamideh Bayrampour, Deborah A McNeil, Karen Benzies, Charleen Salmon, Karen Gelb, Suzanne Tough
BACKGROUND: Approaches to screening can influence the acceptance of and comfort with mental health screening. Qualitative evidence on pregnant women's comfort with different screening approaches and disclosure of mental health concerns is scant. The purpose of this study was to understand women's perspectives of different mental health screening approaches and the perceived barriers to the communication and disclosure of their mental health concerns during pregnancy. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was undertaken...
October 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936927/-you-ve-gotta-be-that-tough-crust-exterior-man-depression-and-suicide-in-rural-based-men
#16
Genevieve Creighton, John Oliffe, John Ogrodniczuk, Blye Frank
Suicide rates in Canada are highest among rural men. Drawing on photovoice interviews with 13 women and two men living in a small rural Canadian town who lost a man to suicide, we inductively derived three themes to describe how contextual factors influence rural men's experiences of depression and responses to suicidal thoughts: (a) hiding depression and its cause, (b) manly self-medicating, and (c) mobilizing prevention. Further discussed is how gender relations and ideals of masculinity within rural milieu can inhibit men's acknowledgment of and help seeking for mental illness issues...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910189/associations-among-omega-3-fatty-acid-status-anxiety-and-mental-toughness-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#17
Patrick B Wilson, Leilani A Madrigal
OBJECTIVE: Poor omega-3 fatty acid status has been linked to anxiety in the general population, but scarce data are available describing omega-3 fatty acid levels in athletes and their associations with anxiety and mental toughness. METHODS: Whole blood samples were obtained from 54 female collegiate athletes and analyzed for fatty acids as a part of this cross-sectional observational study. Participants also completed a food frequency questionnaire on the intake of omega-3 fatty acids, as well as the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS)-2, and Mental Toughness Scale (MTS)...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853447/work-and-family-conflicts-in-employees-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-their-caregiving-partners
#18
C Fekete, J Siegrist, H Tough, M W G Brinkhof
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of conflicts between work and family life with indicators of health and to examine the antecedents of those conflicts in employees with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their caregiving partners. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. METHODS: Data from employed persons with SCI (n=79) and caregiving partners (n=93) who participated in the pro-WELL study were used...
January 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813344/mental-toughness-progress-and-prospects
#19
REVIEW
Daniel F Gucciardi
Mental toughness (MT) has become a popular area of investigation and practice within sport and exercise psychology over the past two decades. Since the turn of the twenty first century, there have been hundreds of studies published on mental toughness, yet concerns remain about the conceptualisation and measurement of mental toughness. In this paper, I take stock of past work with the goal of clarifying and elaborating the most fundamental and common aspects of MT. I also look to the future and outline key substantive and methodological issues that may offer the greatest potential for refining the conceptualisation of MT and contributing to theory building on this concept...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770699/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-and-community-cohesion-after-the-2013-calgary-flood
#20
Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Muci Wu, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: To examine mental health and community cohesion in women living in Calgary after a natural disaster considering previously collected mental health data. METHODS: Data from an ongoing longitudinal cohort, the All Our Families study, were used to examine mental health and community cohesion 5 months after a major flood in Calgary, Canada. Participants who had completed a baseline questionnaire before the flood were eligible for inclusion in this study (N=923)...
August 3, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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