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Mental Strength

Satomi Doi, Takeo Fujiwara, Manami Ochi, Aya Isumi, Tsuguhiko Kato
BACKGROUND: Childhood sleep habits are associated with mental health development; however, little is known about the impact of irregular bedtimes on the mental health of early school-aged children. The aims of this study were to examine the effect of weekday sleep habits (varying bedtimes depending on the night of the week and later than 22:00 h bedtime) on behavior problems, prosocial behavior, and resilience of children aged 6-7 years. METHODS: Data were taken from the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) study, which involved the participation of 4291 caregivers of first-grade children (6-7 years old) living in Adachi City, Tokyo...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
Abha Thakurdesai, Abhishek Ghosh, Vikas Menon, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Adarsh Tripathi, Devavrat Harshe, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JCs) teach participants how to critically read and assimilate materials published in journals. Electronic JCs (eJCs) provide a similar platform through internet groups, allowing members to participate in and review JC activities as well as JC archives in their free time. METHODS: We describe the operations and the successes of eJCIndia, to our knowledge the first eJC in India in the field of mental health. eJCIndia was started for capacity building in teaching and research competence in the field...
April 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Peter Brann, Melissa J Lethbridge, Helen Mildred
Expansion of the youth mental health sector has exposed a need for an outcome measure for young adults accessing services. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a widely used consumer and carer outcome measure for children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a young adult SDQ. The young adult SDQ was introduced for routine clinical practice at Eastern Health Child and Youth Mental Health Service (EH-CYMHS), complementing the well-established adolescent and child versions...
March 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Dan Bilsker, Andrea S Fogarty, Matthew A Wakefield
This narrative review highlights key issues in men's mental health and identifies approaches to research, policy and practice that respond to men's styles of coping. Issues discussed are: 1) the high incidence of male suicide (80% of suicide deaths in Canada, with a peak in the mid-50 s age group) accompanied by low public awareness; 2) the perplexing nature of male depression, manifesting in forms that are poorly recognised by current diagnostic approaches and thus poorly treated; 3) the risky use of alcohol among men, again common and taking a huge toll on mental and physical health; 4) the characteristic ways in which men manage psychological suffering, the coping strengths to be recognised, and the gaps to be addressed; 5) the underutilization of mental health services by men, and the implication for clinical outcomes; and 6) male-specific approaches to service provision designed to improve men's accessing of care, with an emphasis on Canadian programs...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Zahra Vahedi, Alyssa Saiphoo
Research investigating the various mental, physical, and social effects of smartphone use has proliferated in the previous decade. Two variables of interest in this literature are the levels of anxiety and stress associated with smartphone use. The current meta-analysis aimed to provide the first quantitative review of this literature, as well as determine potential moderators that might influence this relationship. A total of 39 independent samples (N = 21, 736) were used to compute a summary effect size of r = ...
April 19, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Tess M S Neal
This project began as an attempt to develop systematic, measurable indicators of bias in written forensic mental health evaluations focused on the issue of insanity. Although forensic clinicians observed in this study did vary systematically in their report-writing behaviors on several of the indicators of interest, the data are most useful in demonstrating how and why bias is hard to ferret out. Naturalistic data were used in this project (i.e., 122 real forensic insanity reports), which in some ways is a strength...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Perry N Halkitis, Stuart N Singer
A commentary is provided on the study reported by Garrett Prestage and his colleagues, which examined the relations between mental health states, non-injection drug use and sexual risk behaviors in a cross-sectional sample of 3,017Australian gay and bisexual men. We provide a summary of the findings in relation to the extant literature on the interconnectedness of these behaviors and health states and interpret the findings in this regard, noting both strengths and limitations. We couch our commentary in a theory of syndemics for considering how these associations may manifest and for informing both research and practice...
April 13, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Yasutaka Kuniyoshi, Masahiro Kikuya, Masako Miyashita, Chizuru Yamanaka, Mami Ishikuro, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Naoki Nakaya, Fuji Nagami, Hiroaki Tomita, Atsushi Hozawa, Ichiro Tsuji, Shigeo Kure, Nobuo Yaegashi, Masayuki Yamamoto, Shinichi Kuriyama
BACKGROUND: The association between eczema and mental health problems in schoolchildren has been underexplored. We aimed to investigate this association with the validated questionnaires. METHODS: Of 46,648 invited children, we analyzed 9954 (21.3%) in the 2nd to the 8th grades from the ToMMo Child Health Study conducted in 2014 and 2015, a cross-sectional survey in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. We defined eczema status as "normal," "mild/moderate," or "severe," based on the presence of persistent flexural eczema and sleep disturbance, according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Eczema Symptom Questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Annie Robitaille, Andrea M Piccinin, Scott M Hofer, Boo Johansson, Graciela Muniz Terrera
Background: previous research has demonstrated how older adults exhibit different patterns of change in cognitive and physical functioning, suggesting differences in the underlying causal processes. Objective: to (i) identify subgroups of older adults that best account for different patterns of longitudinal change in performance on global cognition and grip strength, (ii) examine the interrelationship between global cognition and grip strength trajectories within these subgroups and (iii) identify demographic and health-related markers of class membership...
April 5, 2018: Age and Ageing
Mabula Nkuba, Katharin Hermenau, Katharina Goessmann, Tobias Hecker
PURPOSE: Little is known about the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa. Research consistently determined violence and maltreatment to be important risk factors. In this study, we examined the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in Tanzania, as well as the association with exposure to violence and maltreatment. METHODS: We administered a set of questionnaires (e.g., strength and difficulties questionnaire; conflict tactic scale) to a nationally representative sample of 700 Tanzanian secondary school children (52% girls; age 14...
April 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Yanbo Wang, Suyun Fan, Hongbiao Wang, Li Li, Yanyan Jia, Li Chai
PURPOSE: Thyroid cancer, especially differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), is a highly prevalent chronic disease that is known to cause considerable distress, related both to the high recurrence and treatment of the disease. The Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure-Revised 2 (PRISM-R2) has been developed as a visual measure to assess suffering. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the instrument to identify patients with DTC with different levels of suffering who may need additional support care...
April 11, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Stevie N Grassetti, Ariel A Williamson, Joanna Herres, Roger Kobak, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow, Robert S Pynoos
There is a need to delineate best practices for referring, assessing, and retaining students suspected of posttraumatic stress (PTS) and maladaptive grief (MG) in school-based treatment. Evidence-based risk-screening procedures should accurately include students who are appropriate for group treatment and exclude students who do not require treatment or who are better served by other forms of intervention and support. We described and evaluated the sequence of steps used to screen 7th- and 8th-grade students (N = 89) referred by school staff as candidates for an open trial of group-based Trauma and Grief Component Therapy for Adolescents (TGCTA; Saltzman et al...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
Amy L Ai, Jungup Lee
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse is a major behavioral health concern and imposes lasting sequelae on mental and physical health, including lifetime substance use disorders (LT-SUD). Yet, gender-specific research examining this early trauma and substance use in Latina-Americans (Latinas) is scarce. No study has explored the relationship between collectivist cultural factors and LT-SUD in this largest minority-female subgroup of the United States' population. OBJECTIVES: Based on coping theory, this study investigated the association between childhood abuse, cultural factors, and LT-SUD among Latinas nationwide...
April 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Marta Lima-Serrano, José Manuel Martínez-Montilla, Joaquín S Lima-Rodríguez, Liesbeth Mercken, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Binge-drinking in adolescents is a highly prevalent healthcare problem that associates physical and mental health complications with community implications. This paper describes the design, implementation and evaluation of the first web-based computer tailored intervention aimed at the prevention of binge drinking in Spanish adolescents. METHODS: The Alerta Alcohol program is based on the I-Change Model. First, feedback from focus and Delphi groups are used for cultural adaptation and to obtain further information on the items to be included on the program...
April 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
Adrian Wells, Kirsten McNicol, David Reeves, Peter Salmon, Linda Davies, Anthony Heagerty, Patrick Doherty, Rebecca McPhillips, Rebecca Anderson, Cintia Faija, Lora Capobianco, Helen Morley, Hannah Gaffney, Gemma Shields, Peter Fisher
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are prevalent among cardiac rehabilitation patients but pharmacological and psychological treatments have limited effectiveness in this group. Furthermore, psychological interventions have not been systematically integrated into cardiac rehabilitation services despite being a strategic priority for the UK National Health Service. A promising new treatment, metacognitive therapy, may be well-suited to the needs of cardiac rehabilitation patients and has the potential to improve outcomes...
April 3, 2018: Trials
Simon Bradstreet, Alyson Dodd, Steven Jones
Internalised stigma is associated with a range of negative outcomes, yet little is known about what determines the internalisation of stigma. In this study we examined the potential role of adult attachment style in the internalisation process in a transdiagnostic sample of adults with experience of recent mental health service use (n = 122), using an online survey. Associations between internalised stigma and perceived public stigma were tested. We also examined whether anxious and avoidant (insecure) attachment styles were positively associated with a significant amount of variance in internalised stigma when controlling for other variables, and whether the relationship between perceived public stigma and internalised stigma was moderated by anxious and avoidant attachment...
March 21, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Miranda van Lunteren, Margreet Scharloo, Zineb Ez-Zaitouni, Anoek de Koning, Robert Landewé, Camilla Fongen Pt, Roberta Ramonda, Ad A Kaptein, Floris A van Gaalen, Désirée van der Heijde
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if illness perceptions and coping influence the relationship between back pain and health outcomes in patients suspected of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: In the SPACE cohort regression models were computed at baseline with back pain intensity (0-10) as determinant and health-related quality of life (HRQoL; physical (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)) or work productivity loss (WPL) as outcomes...
April 2, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Rosalba Hernandez, Flavia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Lissette M Piedra, Karen M Tabb, Shuo Xu, Catherine Sarkisian
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prospective effects of an evidence-based exercise intervention on depressive symptoms in older Hispanics/Latinos and the potential synergistic effects (if any) of an attribution-retraining component to counter negative ascriptions to the aging process. METHOD: We analyzed baseline, 1-, 12-, 24-month data collected from Hispanics/Latinos ≥ 60 years participating in an exercise intervention ("¡Caminemos!") across 27 senior centers (N = 572)...
April 2, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Natalie Turner, Julia F Hastings, Harold W Neighbors
OBJECTIVES: As adults increase in age, the likelihood for using mental health care services decrease. Underutilization, expecially among racial/ethnic minorities such as African American and Caribbean Blacks, can result in a decrease in quality of life, as well as significant costs to families, employers, and health systems. METHODS: The study explored the differences in relationships between mental health care usage and strength of religious/spiritual beliefs between African American and Caribbean Black older adults (54 years or older) and adults (18-53 years) using data from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL)...
April 2, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Kai Li, Howard Horng, Kara Lynch, Craig G Smollin
CONTEXT: Kambo cleanse is a purification, cleansing ritual traditionally performed by South American shaman to confer luck and health to hunters. CASE DETAILS: We report a patient who presented to the emergency department with prolonged symptoms of vomiting, flushing, facial swelling, altered mental status, and agitation requiring chemical restraints, 22 h after a Kambo cleanse. The patient was found with four small, circular, superficial burns to the ankle at the site where the resin was introduced...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
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