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Mental Strength

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734173/reliability-and-validity-of-the-tilburg-frailty-indicator-tfi-among-chinese-community-dwelling-older-people
#1
Lijuan Dong, Na Liu, Xiaoyu Tian, Xiaoxia Qiao, Robbert J J Gobbens, Robert L Kane, Cuili Wang
OBJECTIVE: To translate the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) into Chinese and assess its reliability and validity. METHODS: A sample of 917 community-dwelling older people, aged ≥60 years, in a Chinese city was included between August 2015 and March 2016. Construct validity was assessed using alternative measures corresponding to the TFI items, including self-rated health status (SRH), unintentional weight loss, walking speed, timed-up-and-go tests (TUGT), making telephone calls, grip strength, exhaustion, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ), Geriatric Depression scale (GDS-15), emotional role, Adaptability Partnership Growth Affection and Resolve scale (APGAR) and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS)...
July 15, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731214/from-positive-psychology-to-psychopathology-the-continuum-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar, Giovanni A Salum
BACKGROUND: Integration of positive psychology into clinical research and treatment has been slow. This integration can be facilitated by the conceptualisation of mental disorders as the high, symptomatic extreme of continuous normal variation. This assumes that there is also a low, positive extreme, which is, however, unchartered territory. This study aims to examine how well current measures capture the low extreme of mental disorder continua, using attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as an example...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730825/the-implication-of-ampa-receptor-in-synaptic-plasticity-impairment-and-intellectual-disability-in-fragile-x-syndrome
#3
G-R Cheng, X-Y Li, Y-D Xiang, D Liu, S M McClintock, Y Zeng
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most frequently inherited form of intellectual disability and prevalent single-gene cause of autism. A priority of FXS research is to determine the molecular mechanisms underlying the cognitive and social functioning impairments in humans and the FXS mouse model. Glutamate ionotropic alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors (AMPARs) mediate a majority of fast excitatory neurotransmission in the central nervous system and are critically important for nearly all aspects of brain function, including neuronal development, synaptic plasticity, and learning and memory...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730396/prevention-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-swedish-school-children-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-study
#4
Johan Ahlen, Timo Hursti, Lindsey Tanner, Zelal Tokay, Ata Ghaderi
Our study aimed at evaluating FRIENDS for Life, an intervention to prevent anxiety and depression in Swedish school children. A total of 695 children between the ages of 8 and 11 were recruited from 17 schools in Stockholm, Sweden, and cluster-randomized to either the intervention or control group. Teachers in the intervention group received a full day of training and administered FRIENDS for Life in their classrooms. We assessed the children's anxiety and depressive symptoms, general mental health, and academic performance at pre- and post-intervention as well as at the 12-month follow-up...
July 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721837/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-combined-with-a-protein-enriched-lean-red-meat-diet-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-women-secondary-analysis-of-a-4-month-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Susan J Torres, Sian Robinson, Liliana Orellana, Stella L O'Connell, Carley A Grimes, Niamh L Mundell, David W Dunstan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
Resistance training (RT) and increased dietary protein are recommended to attenuate age-related muscle loss in the elderly. This study examined the effect of a lean red meat protein-enriched diet combined with progressive resistance training (RT+Meat) on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in elderly women. In this 4-month cluster randomised controlled trial, 100 women aged 60-90 years (mean 73 years) from self-care retirement villages participated in RT twice a week and were allocated either 160 g/d (cooked) lean red meat consumed across 2 meals/d, 6 d/week or ≥1 serving/d (25-30 g) carbohydrates (control group, CRT)...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721430/two-way-bridge-between-muscular-dysfunction-and-cognitive-impairment-secondary-analyses-of-sabe-bogota-study
#6
E Garcia-Cifuentes, D G David-Pardo, M G Borda, M U Perez-Zepeda, C A Cano-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Muscular dysfunction and cognitive impairment are both disabling states, affecting especially the elderly. Thus, are important subjects of research. Our goal is to describe the association between these two entities in the elderly. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis from the SABE 2012 Bogota survey, which is a cross-sectional study. We define muscular dysfunction as an abnormal result in gait speed and/or handgrip strength tasks. Cognitive impairment was defined as an abnormal result in Mini Mental State Examination...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716108/esoteric-connective-tissue-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-functionality-and-general-well-being-compared-with-physiotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Christoph Schnelle, Steffen Messerschmidt, Eunice J Minford, Kate Greenaway-Twist, Maxine Szramka, Marianna Masiorski, Michelle Sheldrake, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: Low back pain causes more global disability than any other condition. Once the acute pain becomes chronic, about two-thirds of sufferers will not fully recover after 1-2 years. There is a paucity of effective treatments for non-specific, chronic low back pain. It has been noted that low back pain is associated with changes in the connective tissue in the affected area, and a very low-impact treatment, Esoteric Connective Tissue Therapy (ECTT), has been developed to restore flexibility in connective tissue...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715287/outcome-measures-correlated-with-falls-in-nursing-home-residents-a-pilot-study
#8
Heidi S Moyer, Jeffrey Gale, Stephen Severe, Heather J Braden, Scott Hasson
Most fall risk and normal values are collected from the community-dwelling population, which is not representative of nursing home residents. The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to determine the relationship of clinical impairment and activity limitation variables to the number of falls in nursing home residents; and 2) to determine the amount of variability that can be explained for the number of falls from these predictor variables. Seventeen active nursing home residents (83.7 ± 11.7 years) consented to participate...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709057/predictive-validity-of-the-short-term-assessment-of-risk-and-treatability-start-for-multiple-adverse-outcomes-the-effect-of-diagnosis
#9
Rebecca Marriott, Laura E O'Shea, Marco M Picchioni, Geoffrey L Dickens
The Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) assists risk assessment for seven risk outcomes based on scoring of risk and protective factors and assignment of clinically-informed risk levels. Its predictive validity for violence and self-harm has been established in males with schizophrenia, but accuracy across pathologically diverse samples is unknown. Routine START assessments and 3-month risk outcome data of N = 527 adult, inpatients in a UK secure mental health facility were collected. The sample was divided into diagnostic groups; predictive validity was established using receiver operating characteristics regression (rocreg) analysis in which potential covariates were controlled...
July 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707216/imageability-ratings-across-languages
#10
Adrià Rofes, Lilla Zakariás, Klaudia Ceder, Marianne Lind, Monica Blom Johansson, Vânia de Aguiar, Jovana Bjekić, Valantis Fyndanis, Anna Gavarró, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Carlos Hernández Sacristán, Maria Kambanaros, Jelena Kuvač Kraljević, Silvia Martínez-Ferreiro, İlknur Mavis, Carolina Méndez Orellana, Ingrid Sör, Ágnes Lukács, Müge Tunçer, Jasmina Vuksanović, Amaia Munarriz Ibarrola, Marie Pourquie, Spyridoula Varlokosta, David Howard
Imageability is a psycholinguistic variable that indicates how well a word gives rise to a mental image or sensory experience. Imageability ratings are used extensively in psycholinguistic, neuropsychological, and aphasiological studies. However, little formal knowledge exists about whether and how these ratings are associated between and within languages. Fifteen imageability databases were cross-correlated using nonparametric statistics. Some of these corresponded to unpublished data collected within a European research network-the Collaboration of Aphasia Trialists (COST IS1208)...
July 13, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707072/catechol-o-methyltransferase-val158met-polymorphism-on-striatum-structural-covariance-networks-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Chiung-Chih Chang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Nai-Ching Chen, Chi-Wei Huang, Shih-Wei Hsu, Ya-Ting Chang, Mu-En Liu, Wen-Neng Chang, Wan-Chen Tsai, Chen-Chang Lee
The catechol-O-methyltransferase enzyme metabolizes dopamine in the prefrontal axis, and its genetic polymorphism (rs4680; Val158Met) is a known determinant of dopamine signaling. In this study, we investigated the possible structural covariance networks that may be modulated by this functional polymorphism in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Structural covariance networks were constructed by 3D T1 magnetic resonance imaging. The patients were divided into two groups: Met-carriers (n = 91) and Val-homozygotes (n = 101)...
July 13, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706444/patients-conceptions-of-their-own-influence-on-good-treatment-response-to-biological-therapy-in-chronic-inflammatory-arthritis
#12
Ingrid Larsson
BACKGROUND: Biological therapies are common in the treatment of patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis (CIA). However, despite the fact that many patients respond well to their biological therapies, there are still a number of nonresponders. In order to design the best care for patients, it is important to understand how they conceive their own role in their treatment response. OBJECTIVE: To explore how patients with CIA conceive their own influence on a good treatment response to biological therapy...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706064/history-of-winning-remodels-thalamo-pfc-circuit-to-reinforce-social-dominance
#13
Tingting Zhou, Hong Zhu, Zhengxiao Fan, Fei Wang, Yang Chen, Hexing Liang, Zhongfei Yang, Lu Zhang, Longnian Lin, Yang Zhan, Zheng Wang, Hailan Hu
Mental strength and history of winning play an important role in the determination of social dominance. However, the neural circuits mediating these intrinsic and extrinsic factors have remained unclear. Working in mice, we identified a dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) neural population showing "effort"-related firing during moment-to-moment competition in the dominance tube test. Activation or inhibition of the dmPFC induces instant winning or losing, respectively. In vivo optogenetic-based long-term potentiation and depression experiments establish that the mediodorsal thalamic input to the dmPFC mediates long-lasting changes in the social dominance status that are affected by history of winning...
July 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704164/maternal-problem-drinking-and-child-mental-health
#14
Mathilde M Husky, Katherine Keyes, Ava Hamilton, Anastasia Stragalinou, Ondine Pez, Rowella Kuijpers, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Roy Otten, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
BACKGROUND: Offspring of individuals with alcohol use disorders have been shown to have elevated risk for mental health problems. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between maternal problem drinking and child mental health as assessed by three informants in three European countries. METHODS: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health in Europe study. Maternal alcohol use was assessed using the alcohol use disorders identification test...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700013/correlations-between-caregiver-psychiatric-symptoms-and-offspring-psychopathology-in-a-low-resource-setting
#15
Camila T Matsuzaka, Milton L Wainberg, Andrea Norcini Pala, Elis V Hoffmann, Bruno M Coimbra, Rosaly F Braga, Cristiane S Duarte, Annika C Sweetland, Marcelo F Mello
Objective: Associations between parental/caregiver depression and adverse child outcomes are well established and have been described through one or more mechanisms: child psychopathology following exposure to a depressed caregiver, child psychopathology exacerbating a caregiver's depression, and caregiver and offspring depression sharing the same etiology. Data from low and middle-income countries is scarce. We examined correlations between common symptoms of mental disorders in caregivers and their offspring's psychopathology in a Brazilian sample...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695558/rehabilitation-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#16
Stephan Keusch, Alexander Turk, Stéphanie Saxer, Nicola Ehlken, Ekkehard Grunig, Silvia Ulrich, On Behalf Of The Swiss Society Of Pulmonary Hypertension
Exertional dyspnoea is a leading symptom in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Patients suffering from PAH report poor quality of life, have skeletal muscle dysfunction and in the absence of advanced medical therapy deteriorate progressively due to right heart failure which can lead to death. For decades, patients with PAH were advised to avoid exercise in fear of exacerbated right heart failure. Recently, it has been shown that a highly supervised rehabilitation programme in expert centres leads to significant improvements in symptoms, quality of life, exercise capacity and may even enhance haemodynamics in selected stable patients treated with advanced regimens of PAH-targeted drugs...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687074/strength-of-functional-signature-correlates-with-effect-size-in-autism
#17
Sara Ballouz, Jesse Gillis
BACKGROUND: Disagreements over genetic signatures associated with disease have been particularly prominent in the field of psychiatric genetics, creating a sharp divide between disease burdens attributed to common and rare variation, with study designs independently targeting each. Meta-analysis within each of these study designs is routine, whether using raw data or summary statistics, but combining results across study designs is atypical. However, tests of functional convergence are used across all study designs, where candidate gene sets are assessed for overlaps with previously known properties...
July 7, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685275/risk-factors-for-problem-gambling-in-california-demographics-comorbidities-and-gambling-participation
#18
Rachel A Volberg, Lauren M McNamara, Kari L Carris
While population surveys have been carried out in numerous jurisdictions internationally, little has been done to assess the relative strength of different risk factors that may contribute to the development of problem gambling. This is an important preparatory step for future research on the etiology of problem gambling. Using data from the 2006 California Problem Gambling Prevalence Survey, a telephone survey of adult California residents that used the NODS to assess respondents for gambling problems, binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify demographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and gambling participation variables that statistically predicted the odds of being a problem or pathological gambler...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684385/motivational-determinants-of-exergame-participation-for-older-people-in-assisted-living-facilities-mixed-methods-study
#19
Wytske Meekes, Emma Kate Stanmore
BACKGROUND: Exergames (exercise-based videogames) for delivering strength and balance exercise for older people are growing in popularity with the emergence of new Kinect-based technologies; however, little is known about the factors affecting their uptake and usage by older people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the factors that may influence the motivation of older people to use exergames to improve their physical function and reduce fall risk...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681928/practitioner-review-therapist-variability-patient-reported-therapeutic-alliance-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adolescents-undergoing-mental-health-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Regina Murphy, Paul Hutton
BACKGROUND: Previous meta-analyses have only found small correlations (r = .10 to r = .19) between therapeutic alliance and clinical outcomes in samples of adolescents receiving psychological therapy. Although study-level variables have been found to moderate this, little is known about the impact of therapist variability. The present meta-analysis aimed to address this gap by using patient-therapist ratio as a moderator variable. METHODS: Contrary to previous reviews of adolescent alliance, individual effect sizes were extracted using a preregistered conceptual hierarchy...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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