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Mental Strength

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549718/sarcopenia-is-associated-with-physical-and-mental-components-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#1
Betty Manrique-Espinoza, Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo, José Alberto Avila-Funes
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the association between sarcopenia and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The Rural Frailty Study, a prospective study on the prevalence of frailty in rural settings in Mexico, with baseline and follow-up measurements conducted in 2009 and 2013, respectively. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred forty-three men and women older than 70 years...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547806/examining-the-psychological-and-social-impact-of-relative-age-in-primary-school-children-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
A Price, K Allen, O C Ukoumunne, R Hayes, T Ford
BACKGROUND: A number of studies demonstrate that children who are younger within their school year have poorer academic attainment and are more likely to have special educational needs. Few, however, have considered the impact relative age may have on child mental health, behaviour and happiness in school. METHODS: This paper utilized data from the Supporting Teachers and Children in Schools study (2075 pupils aged 5 to 9 years from 80 primary schools) to explore the relationship among relative age, behaviour and happiness in school...
May 25, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539130/the-relation-of-education-occupation-and-cognitive-activity-to-cognitive-status-in-old-age-the-role-of-physical-frailty
#3
Andreas Ihle, Élvio R Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Duarte L Freitas, Jefferson Jurema, Angenay P Odim, Matthias Kliegel
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear so far whether the role of cognitive reserve may differ between physically frail compared to less frail individuals. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate the relation of key markers of cognitive reserve to cognitive status in old age and its interplay with physical frailty in a large sample of older adults. METHODS: We assessed Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in 701 older adults. We measured grip strength as indicator of physical frailty and interviewed individuals on their education, past occupation, and cognitive leisure activity...
May 25, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530213/-the-model-of-perioperative-risk-assessment-in-elderly-patients-interim-analysis
#4
Izabela Grabowska, Lucyna Ścisło, Szymon Pietruszka, Elzbieta Walewska, Agata Paszko, Benita Siarkiewicz, Piotr Richter, Andrzej Budzyński, Antoni M Szczepanik
Demographic changes in contemporary society require implementation of proper perioperative care of elderly patients due to an increased risk of perioperative complications in this group. Preoperative assessment of health status identifies risks and enables preventive interventions, improving outcomes of surgical treatment. The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment contains numerous diagnostic tests and consultations, which is expensive and difficult to use in everyday practice. The development of a simplified model of perioperative assessment of elderly patients will help identifying the group of patients who require further diagnostic workup...
April 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529440/parents-primary-professional-sources-of-parenting-advice-moderate-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-toward-corporal-punishment
#5
Catherine A Taylor, Sarah McKasson, Guenevere Hoy, William DeJong
Despite the risk it poses to children's mental and physical health, approval and use of corporal punishment (CP) remains high in the United States. Informed by the Theory of Planned Behavior, we examined potential predictors of attitudes supportive of CP while assessing the moderating effects of parents' (N=500) chosen primary professional source of advice regarding child discipline: pediatricians (47.8%), religious leaders (20.8%), mental health professionals (MHPs) (n=18.4%), or other identified professionals (13...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527135/association-between-muscle-function-cognitive-state-depression-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-of-older-people-evidence-from-clinical-practice
#6
Salah Gariballa, Awad Alessa
BACKGROUND: Although low muscle function/strength is an important predictor of poor clinical outcome in older patients, information on its impact on mental health in clinical practice is still lacking. AIMS: The aim of this report is to measure the impact of low muscle function measured by handgrip strength on mental health of older people during both acute illness and recovery. METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-two randomly selected hospitalized older patients had their baseline demographic and clinical characteristics assessed within 72 h of admission, at 6 weeks and at 6 months...
May 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526765/factors-associated-with-ischemic-stroke-survival-and-recovery-in-older-adults
#7
Divya Thekkethala Winovich, William T Longstreth, Alice M Arnold, Ravi Varadhan, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri, Mary Cushman, Anne B Newman, Michelle C Odden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Little is known about factors that predispose older adults to poor recovery after a stroke. In this study, we sought to evaluate prestroke measures of frailty and related factors as markers of vulnerability to poor outcomes after ischemic stroke. METHODS: In participants aged 65 to 99 years with incident ischemic strokes from the Cardiovascular Health Study, we evaluated the association of several risk factors (frailty, frailty components, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and cystatin C) assessed before stroke with stroke outcomes of survival, cognitive decline (≥5 points on Modified Mini-Mental State Examination), and activities of daily living decline (increase in limitations)...
May 19, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521251/the-protective-effect-of-character-maturity-in-child-aggressive-antisocial-behavior
#8
Nóra Kerekes, Örjan Falk, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. METHODS: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden...
April 29, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521064/the-importance-of-investigating-abuser-characteristics-in-elder-emotional-psychological-abuse-results-from-adult-protective-services-data
#9
Pi-Ju Liu, Kendon J Conrad, Scott R Beach, Madelyn Iris, Lawrence B Schiamberg
Objectives: Elder emotional/psychological abuse is the infliction of mental anguish on older adults through verbal or non-verbal acts. Using indicators based on existing literature, theoretically important abuser characteristics and victim vulnerabilities were collected using the Elder Abuse Decision Support System (EADSS) to test a theory of emotional/psychological abuse. Method: Eight-hundred-and-ten alleged emotional/psychological abuse cases were investigated by caseworkers in six Illinois adult protective services (APS) agencies; 466 individuals endorsed at least one item on the Older Adult Psychological Abuse Measure (OAPAM)...
May 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515182/health-assets-in-older-age-a-systematic-review
#10
Yvonne Claire Hornby-Turner, Nancye May Peel, Ruth Eleanor Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Finding ways to optimise health in older age is key to reducing the impact of population ageing on health and social care systems. A salutogenic approach takes into account an individual's health assets-internal or external strengths or accessible resources which improve and preserve physical, social and mental wellness, independence and quality of life. The aim of this narrative systematic review was to provide a summary and appraisal of the evidence for factors that act as health assets within personal, social, economic and environmental domains...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513995/inner-strength-and-its-relationship-to-health-threats-in-ageing-a-cross-sectional-study-among-community-dwelling-older-women
#11
Erika Boman, Berit Lundman, Björn Nygren, Kristofer Årestedt, Regina Santamäki Fischer
AIM: To explore the relationship between inner strength and health threats among community-dwelling older women. BACKGROUND: Inner strength is described as a resource that promotes experiences of health, despite adversities. Inner strength and its dimensions (i.e. connectedness, creativity, firmness and flexibility) can be assessed using the Inner Strength Scale (ISS). Exploring attributes of weaker inner strength may yield valuable information about areas to focus on in enhancing a person's inner strength and may ultimately lead to the perception of better health...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#12
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512766/mental-health-outcomes-of-developmental-coordination-disorder-in-late-adolescence
#13
Ian Harrowell, Linda Hollén, Raghu Lingam, Alan Emond
AIM: To assess the relationship between developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and mental health outcomes in late adolescence. METHOD: Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Moderate-to-severe DCD was defined at 7 to 8 years according to the DSM-IV-TR criteria. Mental health was assessed at 16 to 18 years using self-reported questionnaires: Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire, and the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale...
May 16, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511300/-mediator-effect-analysis-of-the-trait-coping-style-on-job-stress-and-fatigue-of-the-military-personnel-stationed-in-plateau-and-high-cold-region
#14
J J Zhang, J M Jia, N Tao, Z X Song, H Ge, Y Jiang, H Tian, E C Qiu, J H Tang, J W Liu
Objective: To investigate the fatigue status of military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region, and to analyze the mediator effect of trait coping style on job stress and fatigue. Methods: In October 2010, with the method of cluster random sampling survey, 531 military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region were chosen as subject. The fatigue status were evaluated by the Chinese version multidimensional fatigue inventory (MFI-20) , job stress were evaluated by the Job Stress Survey (JSS) , and trait coping style were evaluated by the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) ...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511144/development-of-a-prognostic-scale-for-severely-hemiplegic-stroke-patients-in-a-rehabilitation-hospital
#15
Yoshitake Hirano, Osamu Nitta, Takeshi Hayashi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Hiroshi Kigawa
OBJECTIVES: For patients with severe hemiplegia in a rehabilitation hospital, early prediction of the functional prognosis and outcomes is challenging. The purpose of this study was to create and verify a prognostic scale in severely hemiplegic stroke patients and allowing for prediction of (1) the ability to walk at the time of hospital discharge, (2) the ability to carry out activities of daily living (ADL), and (3) feasibility of home discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 80 severely hemiplegic stroke patients...
April 28, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508674/psychosocial-screening-and-monitoring-for-children-in-foster-care-psychometric-properties-of-the-brief-assessment-checklist-in-a-dutch-population-study
#16
Anouk Goemans, Michael Tarren-Sweeney, Mitch van Geel, Paul Vedder
Children in foster care experience higher levels and rates of psychosocial difficulties than children from the general population. Governments and child welfare services have a responsibility to identify those children in care who have need for therapeutic services. This can be achieved through systematic screening and monitoring of psychosocial difficulties among all children in foster care. However, general screening and assessment measures such as the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) might not adequately screen for the range of difficulties experienced by foster children...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507356/school-going-adolescents-perception-of-family-climate-and-mental-problems-results-from-kocaeli-turkey
#17
Safak Eray, Ayse Pinar Vural, Deniz Sigirli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the perception of expressed emotion and psychopathology of school-going adolescents in a non-clinical sample. METHODS: The cross-sectional field study was conducted in Kocaeli, Turkey, and comprised high-school students during the 2014-15 school years. Data was collected using the Information Collection Form, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Shortened Level of Expressed Emotion Scale. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500384/associations-between-social-vulnerabilities-and-psychosocial-problems-in-european-children-results-from-the-idefics-study
#18
Isabel Iguacel, Nathalie Michels, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Stefaan De Henauw, Regina Felső, Wencke Gwozdz, Monica Hunsberger, Lucia Reisch, Paola Russo, Michael Tornaritis, Barbara Franziska Thumann, Toomas Veidebaum, Claudia Börnhorst, Luis A Moreno
The effect of socioeconomic inequalities on children's mental health remains unclear. This study aims to explore the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between social vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems, and the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems. 5987 children aged 2-9 years from eight European countries were assessed at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Two different instruments were employed to assess children's psychosocial problems: the KINDL (Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents) was used to evaluate children's well-being and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to evaluate children's internalising problems...
May 12, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497909/the-therapeutic-alliance-in-different-mental-disorders-a-comparison-of-patients-with-depression-somatoform-and-eating-disorders
#19
Johannes Mander, Andreas B Neubauer, Angelika Schlarb, Martin Teufel, Hinrich Bents, Martin Hautzinger, Stephan Zipfel, Andreas Wittorf, Isa Sammet
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic alliance is intensively investigated in psychotherapy research. However, there is scarce research on the role of the specific diagnosis of the patient in the formation of the therapeutic alliance. Hence, the aim of this study was to address this research gap by comparing the alliance in different mental disorders. DESIGN: Our sample comprised 348 patients (mean age = 40 years; 68% female; 133 patients with depression, 122 patients with somatoform disorders, and 93 patients with eating disorders)...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493817/the-relationship-between-anxiety-depression-and-risk-behaviors-in-adolescents
#20
Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Nasim Bahrami, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Kelly A Allen, Sepideh Mohammadi
Aim Adolescence is a developmental period often associated with high-risk behaviors. While some risk-taking behavior is considered normative in adolescents, research has indicated an association between risky behaviors and mental ill-health. The current research aimed to examine the relationship between anxiety and depression with the occurrence of high-risk behaviors in adolescents and also determine the predictive factors of these main variables. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational design was used to collect data from 399 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 19 residing in Qazvin, Iran using the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) and the Iranian Adolescents Risk-taking Scale (IARS) between the period of October and November 2015...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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