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Mental Strength

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822294/does-reconsolidation-occur-in-natural-settings-memory-reconsolidation-and-anxiety-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Rodrigo S Fernández, María E Pedreira, Mariano M Boccia
In normal settings, our brain is able to update its stored representations in content, strength, and/or expectations by the memory reconsolidation process. Thus, a reactivated memory enters in a transient labile state (destabilization) followed by a re-stabilization phase in order to persist (memory reconsolidation). Cognitive neuroscience and its insight into psychiatric problems attributed a close relationship between memory (formation, maintenance, and utilization) and several mental disorders. In this framework, the reconsolidation process could be not only the mechanism for maintenance of some psychopathologies, but also open a novel therapeutic window...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820022/self-reported-school-demands-and-psychosomatic-problems-among-adolescents-changes-in-the-association-between-1988-and-2011
#2
Karina Nygren, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to examine changes over time in the relationship between self-reported school demands and psychosomatic problems, also considering the impact of student influence and teacher support. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional study (Young in Värmland) including eight data collections (1988-2011) among Swedish students aged 15-16 were used ( n = 20,115). Analyses with multinomial logistic regression and descriptive statistics were applied...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819746/the-effects-of-resistance-exercise-training-on-anxiety-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Brett R Gordon, Cillian P McDowell, Mark Lyons, Matthew P Herring
BACKGROUND: The salutary effects of resistance exercise training (RET) are well established, including increased strength and function; however, less is known regarding the effects of RET on mental health outcomes. Aerobic exercise has well-documented positive effects on anxiety, but a quantitative synthesis of RET effects on anxiety is needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the population effect size for resistance exercise training (RET) effects on anxiety and to determine whether variables of logical, theoretical, and/or prior empirical relation to anxiety moderate the overall effect...
August 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810968/self-management-strategies-for-stress-and-anxiety-used-by-nontreatment-seeking-veteran-primary-care-patients
#4
Robyn L Shepardson, Jennie Tapio, Jennifer S Funderburk
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common reasons individuals do not seek mental health treatment is a preference to manage emotional concerns on their own. Self-management refers to the strategies that individuals use on their own (i.e., without professional guidance) to manage symptoms. Little research has examined self-management for anxiety despite its potential utility as the first step in a stepped care approach to primary care. The objectives of this study were to describe patients' anxiety self-management strategies, identify which types were perceived to be effective, and explore potential correlates...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810360/habit-strength-as-a-moderator-of-the-association-between-symptoms-of-poor-mental-health-and-unintentional-non-adherence-to-oral-hypoglycemic-medication-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Rachel J Burns, Sonya S Deschênes, Bärbel Knäuper, Norbert Schmitz
This study tested if habit strength for taking oral hypoglycemic medication moderated the association between poor mental health symptoms (i.e. depressive symptoms, diabetes distress) and unintentional non-adherence in 790 adults with type 2 diabetes. Data were cross-sectional. A habit strength × depressive symptom interaction was observed. Depressive symptoms were negatively associated with adherence if habit was weak or of average strength; no association was observed if habit was strong. A similar interaction emerged when diabetes distress was examined...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806904/a-falls-prevention-programme-to-improve-quality-of-life-physical-function-and-falls-efficacy-in-older-people-receiving-home-help-services-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Maria Bjerk, Therese Brovold, Dawn A Skelton, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related injuries in older adults are associated with great burdens, both for the individuals, the health care system and the society. Previous research has shown evidence for the efficiency of exercise as falls prevention. An understudied group are older adults receiving home help services, and the effect of a falls prevention programme on health-related quality of life is unclear. The primary aim of this randomised controlled trial is to examine the effect of a falls prevention programme on quality of life, physical function and falls efficacy in older adults receiving home help services...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806817/the-effects-of-cannabis-among-adults-with-chronic-pain-and-an-overview-of-general-harms-a-systematic-review
#7
Shannon M Nugent, Benjamin J Morasco, Maya E O'Neil, Michele Freeman, Allison Low, Karli Kondo, Camille Elven, Bernadette Zakher, Makalapua Motu'apuaka, Robin Paynter, Devan Kansagara
Background: Cannabis is increasingly available for the treatment of chronic pain, yet its efficacy remains uncertain. Purpose: To review the benefits of plant-based cannabis preparations for treating chronic pain in adults and the harms of cannabis use in chronic pain and general adult populations. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and several other sources from database inception to March 2017. Study Selection: Intervention trials and observational studies, published in English, involving adults using plant-based cannabis preparations that reported pain, quality of life, or adverse effect outcomes...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805411/rural-american-indian-and-alaska-native-veterans-telemental-health-a-model-of-culturally-centered-care
#8
Cynthia W Goss, W J Buck Richardson, Nancy Dailey, Byron Bair, Herbert Nagamoto, Spero M Manson, Jay H Shore
American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) veterans living in rural areas have unique health care needs and face numerous barriers to accessing health care services. Among these needs is a disproportionate prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental illnesses. Since 2001, 14 rural communities have partnered with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus to extend telemental health clinics to American Indian veterans...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803357/determinants-of-functional-outcome-in-hip-fracture-the-role-of-comorbidity
#9
Bernardo Gialanella, Paola Prometti, Vittoria Monguzzi, Cristina Ferlucci, Paola Baiardi, Laura Comini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Executed studies did not clearly identify which index of comorbidity was an independent outcome determinant. The aim of this prospective observational cohort study was to address this issue. METHODS: We analyzed 200 consecutive patients with hip fracture. All patients underwent rehabilitation. At admission comorbidity was assessed through the cumulative severity, severity index, and comorbidity index of the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale. Discharge scores and effectiveness in the Functional Independence Measure motor subscale, and discharge destination were the outcome measures...
August 12, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798552/mental-health-perceptions-and-practices-of-a-cree-community-in-northern-ontario-a-qualitative-study
#10
David Danto, Russ Walsh
This project is a qualitative study of the mental health perceptions and practices of one Aboriginal community in the northern Ontario James and Hudson Bay region. Despite a shared history of trauma and oppression with the other five Cree communities in this area, as well as an added trauma of natural disaster and subsequent relocation, this community has been reported to have markedly lower rates of mental health services utilization and suicide. Interviews with eight community leaders and mental health services providers were conducted and analyzed in order to identify the features that distinguish this community...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795670/-analysis-of-the-risk-factors-of-cognitive-impairment-in-post-intensive-care-syndrome-patient
#11
Cong Shao, Lixue Gu, Yongxia Mei, Mingjin Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of cognitive impairment in post-intensive care syndrome patient (PICS-CI). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. The patient who transferred from post-intensive care unit (ICU) to the general ward for more than 7 days, and with the age ≥ 18 years old in the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University from October 2015 to November 2016 were enrolled. The gender, age, marital status, education, occupation, salary, economic income, smoking, alcohol drinking, previous of history, mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay, sedative and delirium, and initial diagnosis were recorded...
August 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794619/grip-strength-as-a-frailty-diagnostic-component-in-geriatric-inpatients
#12
Joanna Dudzińska-Griszek, Karolina Szuster, Jan Szewieczek
BACKGROUND: Frailty has emerged as a key medical syndrome predictive of comorbidity, disability, institutionalization and death. As a component of the five frailty phenotype diagnostic criteria, patient grip strength deserves attention as a simple and objective measure of the frailty syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess conditions that influence grip strength in geriatric inpatients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 80 patients aged 78...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793240/cultural-values-and-the-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-25-countries-a-secondary-data-analysis
#13
Eva Heim, Iris Wegmann, Andreas Maercker
RATIONALE: The prevalence of common mental disorders (CMDs, i.e., depression and anxiety) worldwide is substantial, and prevalence rates are higher in high-income than in low- and middle-income countries. This difference might reflect both underlying prevalence rates as well as the measurement model used in cross-national epidemiological studies. Schwartz' cultural values provide a meaningful taxonomy to describe 'culture' and to examine how culture affects both the aetiology and phenomenology of CMDs...
July 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792568/-co-construction-of-a-program-to-promote-community-participation-among-seniors-living-with-psychosocial-issues-with-or-without-mental-health-problems
#14
Manon Parisien, Kareen Nour, Anne-Marie Belley, Ginette Aubin, Véronique Billette, Bernadette Dallaire
Objectives A significant proportion of Quebec seniors are living with mental health problems or psychosocial issues such as isolation, bereavement, and psychological distress. These people face many forms of exclusion and are likely to have limited social participation. This paper describes the co-construction steps of a program aimed at promoting community participation among this population.Methods A method for the co-construction of innovative practices in health promotion was used to develop a program that is relevant, rigorous and feasible in diverse settings...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792155/altered-functional-connectivity-of-the-default-mode-network-in-low-empathy-subjects
#15
Seung Jun Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Hyo Eun Kim, Kiwan Han, Bumseok Jeong, Jae Jin Kim, Kee Namkoong, Ji Woong Kim
Empathy is the ability to identify with or make a vicariously experience of another person's feelings or thoughts based on memory and/or self-referential mental simulation. The default mode network in particular is related to self-referential empathy. In order to elucidate the possible neural mechanisms underlying empathy, we investigated the functional connectivity of the default mode network in subjects from a general population. Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired from 19 low-empathy subjects and 18 medium-empathy subjects...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782345/a-picture-of-indian-adolescent-mental-health-an-analysis-from-three-urban-secondary-schools
#16
Katelyn N G Long, Lisa H Gren, Paul M Long, Rachel Jaggi, Srabani Banik, Nicole L Mihalopoulos
Purpose Mental health disorders are a pressing issue among adolescents around the world, including in India. A better understanding of the factors related to poor mental health will allow for more effective and targeted interventions for Indian adolescents. Methods The Indian Adolescent Health Questionnaire (IAHQ), a validated questionnaire designed specifically for use in schools, was administered to approximately 1500 secondary students in three private urban Indian schools in 2012. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) module assessed mental health...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774370/-recurrent-anorexia-and-pigmentation-of-skin-for-more-than-two-months-in-an-infant
#17
Zhang-Qian Zheng, Bing-Bing Wu, Miao-Ying Zhang, Wei Lu, Fei-Hong Luo
A 2-month-old boy presented with adrenal insufficiency, impaired liver function, hypertriglyceridemia, significantly elevated creatine kinase and electrolyte disturbance. Microarray comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis test showed a pathogenic 8.7 Mb deletion in the short arm of chromosome X (Xp21.3 - p21.1) and confirmed the diagnosis of complex glycerol kinase deficiency (cGKD). He was treated with hydrocortisone, coenzyme Q10 and L-carnitine and was subsequently followed up for 4 years. His serum cortisol levels returned to normal one week later after treatment, but the serum creatine kinase, triglyceride and aminotransferase levels were progressively increased along with mental retardation and decreased muscular strength...
August 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770659/depression-and-behavioral-problems-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-employees-of-the-textile-industry-in-india
#18
Nancy Angeline Gnanaselvam, Bobby Joseph
Stress and depression are common in textile industry employees due to inadequate working conditions and challenging socioeconomic conditions. The objective of the study was to assess depression and mental health among adolescent and young females currently employed in a textile factory located in Tamil Nadu compared with past employees and women who have never been employed. This cross-sectional study included a total of 107 participants in each study group who were interviewed. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were administered to screen participants for depression and mental health...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760786/how-are-age-related-differences-in-sleep-quality-associated-with-health-outcomes-an-epidemiological-investigation-in-a-uk-cohort-of-2406-adults
#19
Andrew Gadie, Meredith Shafto, Yue Leng, Rogier A Kievit
OBJECTIVES: To examine age-related differences in self-reported sleep quality and their associations with health outcomes across four domains: physical health, cognitive health, mental health and neural health. SETTING: Cambridge Centre for Ageing and Neuroscience (Cam-CAN) is a cohort study in East Anglia/England, which collected self-reported health and lifestyle questions as well as a range of objective measures from healthy adults. PARTICIPANTS: 2406 healthy adults (age 18-98) answered questions about their sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)) and measures of physical, cognitive, mental and neural health...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758527/sleep-habits-sleep-problems-sleep-hygiene-and-their-associations-with-mental-health-problems-among-adolescents
#20
Jinwen Zhang, Zhiwei Xu, Kena Zhao, Ting Chen, Xiuxia Ye, Zhifei Shen, Zengjiang Wu, Jun Zhang, Xiaoming Shen, Shenghui Li
BACKGROUND: Studies in adults suggested that sleep could be a significant contributor to mental health. However, little is known about their relationship in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the overall associations of full-spectrum sleep behaviors, including sleep habits, sleep problems, and sleep hygiene, with mental health problems among adolescents in Shanghai, China. DESIGN: A stratified, cluster random sample of 4,823 adolescents aged 11 to 20 years participated in a cross-sectional survey...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
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