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Mental Strength

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238754/do-the-srs-22-self-image-and-mental-health-domain-scores-reflect-the-degree-of-asymmetry-of-the-back-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#1
James Cheshire, Adrian Gardner, Fiona Berryman, Paul Pynsent
Background: Patient-reported outcomes are becoming increasingly recognised in the management of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Integrated Shape Imaging System 2 (ISIS2) surface topography is a validated tool to assess AIS. Previous studies have failed to demonstrate strong correlations between AIS and patient-reported outcomes highlighting the need for additional objective surface parameters to define the deformities associated with AIS. The aim of this study was to examine whether the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) outcome questionnaire reflects the degree of measurable external asymmetry of the back in AIS and thus is a measure of patient outcome for external appearance...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236790/screening-for-mental-health-problems-in-preschoolers-at-primary-health-care-settings
#2
Raquel Godinho Hokama Dos Santos, Eloisa Helena Rubelo Valler Celeri
OBJECTIVE: To study the applicability of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ 2,4-p) as a screening tool for mental health problems in preschoolers, in the context of Primary Health Care; to evaluate the mental health problems of the sample, comparing data from SDQ (2,4-p) and from the Child Behavior Check List (CBCL 1½-5 years). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study with a convenience sample of 31-50-month-old children, whose caretakers provided informational reports...
December 7, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233002/social-participation-following-a-stroke-an-assessment-in-accordance-with-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#3
Soraia Micaela Silva, João Carlos Ferrari Corrêa, Gabriela Santos Pereira, Fernanda Ishida Corrêa
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate, code and qualify the participation of Brazilian stroke survivors based on the international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF) and identify predictors of post-stroke participation. METHODS: An exploratory, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted involving 78 individuals with hemiparesis stemming from a stroke. The stroke specific quality of life (SS-QOL) was used to evaluate the participation component of the ICF...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230310/applying-systems-thinking-to-task-shifting-for-mental-health-using-lay-providers-a-review-of-the-evidence
#4
REVIEW
D Javadi, I Feldhaus, A Mancuso, A Ghaffar
Objective: This paper seeks to review the available evidence to determine whether a systems approach is employed in the implementation and evaluation of task shifting for mental health using lay providers in low- and middle-income countries, and to highlight system-wide effects of task-shifting strategies in order to better inform efforts to strength community mental health systems. Methods: Pubmed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched. Articles were screened by two independent reviewers with a third reviewer resolving discrepancies...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226771/men-s-mental-health-help-seeking-behaviors-an-intersectional-analysis
#5
Mike C Parent, Joseph H Hammer, Tyler C Bradstreet, Esther N Schwartz, Tori Jobe
Men seek mental health treatment less often than women. The present study sought to elucidate identities and individual difference characteristics that are associated with enhanced or decreased mental health help-seeking in a large national sample of U.S. men. Using data from 4,825 U.S. men aged 20 to 59 years, main effects of race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, age, income-poverty ratio, relationship status, depression symptoms, and body mass index were explored within the sample of men as well as intersections of these predictors with racial/ethnic group identity...
January 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226604/an-international-qualitative-study-of-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-the-world-health-organization-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-framework
#6
Soheil Mahdi, Marisa Viljoen, Tamara Yee, Melissa Selb, Nidhi Singhal, Omar Almodayfer, Mats Granlund, Petrus J de Vries, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Sven Bölte
This is the third in a series of four empirical studies designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The present study aimed to describe functioning in ASD (as operationalized by the ICF) derived from the perspectives of diagnosed individuals, family members, and professionals. A qualitative study using focus groups and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 stakeholder groups (N = 90) from Canada, India, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, and Sweden...
December 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207962/a-partially-supervised-physical-activity-program-for-adult-and-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-surfit-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nct02730767
#7
Corina S Rueegg, Susi Kriemler, Simeon J Zuercher, Christina Schindera, Andrea Renner, Helge Hebestreit, Christian Meier, Prisca Eser, Nicolas X von der Weid
BACKGROUND: Beyond survival of nowadays >80%, modern childhood cancer treatment strives to preserve long-term health and quality of life. However, the majority of today's survivors suffer from short- and long-term adverse effects such as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, obesity, osteoporosis, fatigue, depression, and reduced physical fitness and quality of life. Regular exercise can play a major role to mitigate or prevent such late-effects. Despite this, there are no data on the effects of regular exercise in childhood cancer survivors from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204280/physical-fitness-and-levels-of-physical-activity-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
David Perez-Cruzado, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Elisa Vera-Garcia, Fermín Mayoral-Cleries
Background: Physical fitness is a crucial variable in people with severe mental illness as these people could be more independent and improve their job opportunities. The present study compared the physical fitness of physically active and inactive people with severe mental illness. Methods: Physical fitness was evaluated in sixty-two people with severe mental illness using 11 physical tests that include strength, flexibility, balance and aerobic condition. Significant differences were found between both groups in muscle strength (handgrip test) and balance (single leg balance test and functional reach) with better performance in the group of physically active people...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201925/a-comparison-of-nonoperative-and-operative-treatment-of-complete-proximal-hamstring-ruptures
#9
Braidy C Shambaugh, Joshua R Olsen, Edward Lacerte, Ethan Kellum, Suzanne L Miller
Background: The early repair of acute proximal hamstring ruptures provides better clinical results than delayed repair. However, it is unclear how nonoperative treatment compares with the operative treatment of these injuries. Purpose: To compare the clinical results of the nonoperative and operative treatment of acute proximal hamstring ruptures. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 25 patients with complete, retracted proximal hamstring ruptures presenting to 1 institution were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198478/the-evaluation-of-a-home-based-program-for-hands-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#10
Sibila Floriano Landim, Manoel Barros Bertolo, Marcos Felipe Marcatto de Abreu, Ana Paula Del Rio, Cecilia Carmen Mazon, João Francisco Marques-Neto, Janet L Poole, Eduardo de Paiva Magalhães
STUDY DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental design where patients were evaluated before and after participation in the self-management program. INTRODUCTION: Hands are commonly affected in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Strategies to maintain or improve hand function are indicated upon diagnosis and throughout the course of the disease. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a home-based program for hands in patients with SSc...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198045/physical-and-mental-health-status-and-their-correlations-among-older-wheelchair-users-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-facilities
#11
Chu-Lin Chang, Kuei-Min Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the physical health (daily functioning and functional fitness) and mental health (depression and behavioral dysfunction) of older wheelchair users with dementia in long-term care facilities, examine the correlations between physical and mental health, and identify the independent variables of their daily functioning. METHODS: A descriptive correlational method was adopted, which was conducted in six long-term care facilities in three cities, south Taiwan...
December 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195161/prenatal-and-pubertal-testosterone-affect-brain-lateralization
#12
T Beking, R H Geuze, M van Faassen, I P Kema, B P C Kreukels, T G G Groothuis
After decades of research, the influence of prenatal testosterone on brain lateralization is still elusive, whereas the influence of pubertal testosterone on functional brain lateralization has not been investigated, although there is increasing evidence that testosterone affects the brain in puberty. We performed a longitudinal study, investigating the relationship between prenatal testosterone concentrations in amniotic fluid, pubertal testosterone concentrations in saliva, and brain lateralization (measured with functional Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (fTCD)) of the Mental Rotation, Chimeric Faces and Word Generation tasks...
November 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194328/the-power-of-the-frame-systems-transformation-framework-for-health-care-leaders
#13
Kathy A Scott, Janice Pringle
Health care leaders are responsible for oversight of multiple and competing change interventions. These interventions regularly fail to achieve the desired outcomes and/or sustainable results. This often occurs because of the mental models and approaches that are used to plan, design, implement, and evaluate the system. These do not account for inherent characteristics that determine the system's likely ability to innovate while maintaining operational effectiveness. Theories exist on how to assess a system's readiness to change, but the definitions, constructs, and assessments are diverse and often look at facets of systems in isolation...
January 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192157/linking-functional-connectivity-and-dynamic-properties-of-resting-state-networks
#14
Won Hee Lee, Sophia Frangou
Spontaneous brain activity is organized into resting-state networks (RSNs) involved in internally-guided, higher-order mental functions (default mode, central executive and salience networks) and externally-driven, specialized sensory and motor processing (auditory, visual and sensorimotor networks). RSNs are characterized by their functional connectivity in terms of within-network cohesion and between-network integration, and by their dynamic properties in terms of synchrony and metastability. We examined the relationship between functional connectivity and dynamic network features using fMRI data and an anatomically constrained Kuramoto model...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191800/implementation-intention-and-reminder-effects-on-behavior-change-in-a-mobile-health-system-a-predictive-cognitive-model
#15
Peter Pirolli, Shiwali Mohan, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Les Nelson, Michael Silva, Aaron Springer
BACKGROUND: Implementation intentions are mental representations of simple plans to translate goal intentions into behavior under specific conditions. Studies show implementation intentions can produce moderate to large improvements in behavioral goal achievement. Human associative memory mechanisms have been implicated in the processes by which implementation intentions produce effects. On the basis of the adaptive control of thought-rational (ACT-R) theory of cognition, we hypothesized that the strength of implementation intention effect could be manipulated in predictable ways using reminders delivered by a mobile health (mHealth) app...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183954/associations-between-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-later-mental-health-outcomes-in-children-findings-from-the-uk-millennium-cohort-study
#16
Jane V Ahn, Francesco Sera, Steven Cummins, Eirini Flouri
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effect of physical activity (PA) on mental health in adults is well established, but less is known about this relationship in children. We examine associations between objectively measured sedentary time, PA and mental health in 11-year-olds from the UK Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). METHODS: Longitudinal data from MCS sweeps 4 (age 7) and 5 (age 11) were used (n=6153). Accelerometer data were collected at MCS4, and mental health was measured at MCS4 and MCS5 using subscales (peer, emotional, conduct, hyperactivity) of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183040/oncological-rehabilitation
#17
Oliver Rick, Timm Dauelsberg, Eva-Maria Kalusche-Bontemps
An increasing number of patients are living with or surviving cancer due to improvements in detection and treatment. However, patients who survive cancer may experience functional disabilities that impact on health, quality of life and ability to work. For example, physical disorders may include fatigue, reduced muscle strength, cognitive dysfunction, paresthesia or nutrition problems, while mental symptoms may include anxiety, depression, fear of relapse or insomnia. Multidimensional oncological rehabilitation programs have been developed to address these disabilities and to help cancer patients and long-term survivors to reduce morbidity and to improve quality of life...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180867/immigration-related-mental-health-disorders-in-refugees-5-18-years-old-living-in-turkey
#18
Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Bengisu Uzel Tanrıverdi, Masum Öztürk, Özge Gözaçanlar, Gülsüm Yörük Ülker, Yekta Özkan
Purpose: This study assessed early-onset psychiatric disorders and factors related to these disorders in a group of refugee children after immigration due to war. Materials and methods: This study was conducted between January 2016 and June 2016. Clinical interviews were conducted with 89 children and their families, and were performed by native speakers of Arabic and Persian who had been primarily educated in these languages and were living in Turkey. A strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) that had Arabic and Persian validity and reliability was applied to both children and their families...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177564/trajectories-of-mental-health-problems-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-health-problems-results-of-the-bella-study
#19
Angela Plass-Christl, Christiane Otto, Fionna Klasen, Silke Wiegand-Grefe, Claus Barkmann, Heike Hölling, Michael Schulte-Markwort, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
Children of parents with mental health problems (CPM) have an increased risk for behavioral and psychological problems. This study investigated the age- and gender-specific course as well as predictors of mental health problems in CPM using the longitudinal data (baseline 1- and 2-year follow-ups) of a German general population sample from the BELLA study. Children and adolescents aged 11-17 years (at baseline) who had a parent with mental health problems (n = 325) were analyzed. The mental health problems of the children were assessed by the self-reported version of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ)...
November 24, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168795/antipsychotic-polypharmacy-among-children-and-young-adults-in-office-based-or-hospital-outpatient-department-settings
#20
Minji Sohn, Meghan Burgess, Mohamed Bazzi
The purpose of the study was three-fold: (1) to estimate the national trends in antipsychotic (AP) polypharmacy among 6- to 24-year-old patients in the U.S.; (2) to identify frequently used AP agents and mental disorder diagnoses related to AP polypharmacy; and (3) to assess the strength of association between AP polypharmacy and patient/provider characteristics. We used publicly available ambulatory health care datasets to evaluate AP polypharmacy in office-based or hospital outpatient department settings to conduct a cross-sectional study...
November 23, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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