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Mental Strength

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025051/integrating-behavioral-health-risk-assessment-into-centralized-intake-for-maternal-and-child-health-services
#1
Sarah Kye Price, D Crystal Coles, Tracey Wingold
Effectively promoting women's health during and around the time of pregnancy requires early, nonstigmatizing identification and assessment of behavioral health risks (such as depression, substance use, smoking, and interpersonal violence) combined with timely linkage to community support and specialized interventions. This article describes an integrated approach to behavioral health risk screening woven into a point of first contact with the health care delivery system: centralized intake for maternal and child health home visiting programs...
September 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024371/understanding-parent-teacher-agreement-of-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-comparison-across-seven-european-countries
#2
Sabrina Cheng, Katherine M Keyes, Adina Bitfoi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ceren Koç, Dietmar Goelitz, Roy Otten, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Ondine Pez, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
Assessments of child psychopathology are often derived from parental and teacher reports, yet there is substantial disagreement. This study utilized data from 7 European countries to examine parent-teacher agreement and possible explanatory factors for parent-teacher disagreement such as child and family characteristics, parenting dimensions, and maternal distress were explored. Parent-teacher agreement of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were assessed using a cross-sectional survey of 4,894 school aged children 6-11 from the School Children Mental Health Europe Project...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023254/the-lived-experience-of-gynecologic-cancer-survivors-in-taiwan
#3
Li-Yun Tsai, Kung-Liahng Wang, Shu-Yuan Liang, Jung-Mei Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay
BACKGROUND: Although it is now possible to achieve permanent remission in a large percentage of gynecologic cancer (GC) cases, many GC patients in remission experience side effects or complications that influence their physical function and family relationships. Compared with other types of cancer patients, survivors of GC face greater challenges in terms of physical and psychological adaptations, and many of these do not receive sufficient assistance. An in-depth understanding of the lived experiences and demands of GC survivors is key to constructing comprehensive related healthcare services...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993543/psychiatric-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy
#4
K A Salayev, B Sanne, R Salayev
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychiatric and behavioural symptoms in children and adolescents with epilepsy. METHODS: Patients with epilepsy and aged 4 to 16 years were recruited from a medical centre in Azerbaijan during January 2012 to December 2013. A community sample was drawn from 3 schools as the comparison group. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was administered to parents of both patients with epilepsy and children in the comparison group...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992102/commentary-on-bedroom-light-exposure-at-night-and-the-incidence-of-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-heijokyo-cohort-obayashi-et-al
#5
Brant P Hasler
In modern society, we are increasingly disconnected from natural light/dark cycles and beset by round-the-clock exposure to artificial light. Light has powerful effects on physical and mental health, in part via the circadian system, and thus the timing of light exposure dictates whether it is helpful or harmful. In their compelling paper, Obayashi and colleagues offer evidence that light at night can prospectively predict an elevated incidence of depressive symptoms in older adults. Strengths of the study include the longitudinal design and direct, objective assessment of light levels, as well as accounting for multiple plausible confounders during analyses...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990288/comparing-the-broad-socio-cognitive-profile-of-youth-with-williams-syndrome-and-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#6
O Weisman, R Feldman, M Burg-Malki, M Keren, R Geva, G Diesendruck, D Gothelf
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have assessed the socio-cognitive profile in Williams syndrome (WS) and, independently, in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS). Yet, a cross-syndrome comparison of these abilities between individuals with these two syndromes with known social deficits has not been conducted. METHODS: Eighty-two children participated in four study groups: WS (n = 18), 22q112.DS (n = 24), age-matched individuals with idiopathic developmental disability (IDD; n = 20) and typically developing (TD) controls (n = 20)...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987780/different-levels-of-visual-perceptual-skills-are-associated-with-specific-modifications-in-functional-connectivity-and-global-efficiency
#7
Sabrina Danti, Giacomo Handjaras, Luca Cecchetti, Helen Beuzeron-Mangina, Pietro Pietrini, Emiliano Ricciardi
The disembedding ability (i.e., the ability to identify a simple masked figure within a complex one) depends on attentional mechanisms, executive functions and working memory. Recent cognitive models ascribed different levels of disembedding task performance to the efficiency of the subtended mental processes engaged during visuo-spatial perception. Here we aimed at assessing whether different levels of the disembedding ability were associated to the functional signatures of neural efficiency, defined as a specific modulation in response magnitude and functional connectivity strength in task-related areas...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982825/detectaweb-project-study-protocol-of-a-web-based-detection-of-mental-health-of-children-and-adolescents
#8
Jose A Piqueras, Mariola Garcia-Olcina, Maria Rivera-Riquelme, Tiscar Rodriguez-Jimenez, Agustin E Martinez-Gonzalez, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, research and practice addressing mental health has been conducted within a unidimensional model, explaining mental health as the presence/absence of psychological problems (distress or psychopathological symptoms). More recently, accumulative evidence has supported a bi-dimensional model, which conceptualises psychological problems and psychological strengths (well-being) as related-yet-distinct continua that, when considered together, yields a more comprehensive understanding of individuals...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981851/flourishing-with-psychosis-a-prospective-examination-on-the-interactions-between-clinical-functional-and-personal-recovery-processes-on-well-being-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#9
Randolph C H Chan, Winnie W S Mak, Floria H N Chio, Alan C Y Tong
Well-being is not just the absence of mental disorder but also involves positive feelings and contentment (emotional well-being), meaningful engagement (psychological well-being), and contribution of one's community or society (social well-being). Recovery processes, which encompass mitigation of clinical symptomatology (clinical recovery), improvement in occupational, social, and adaptive functioning (functional recovery), and development of personally valued goals and identity (personal recovery), have demonstrated to be important markers of well-being...
September 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977664/trajectories-of-perceived-workplace-age-discrimination-and-long-term-associations-with-mental-self-rated-and-occupational-health
#10
Lisa A Marchiondo, Ernest Gonzales, Larry J Williams
Objective: This study addresses older employees' trajectories of perceived workplace age discrimination, and the long-term associations among perceived age discrimination and older workers' mental and self-rated health, job satisfaction, and likelihood of working past retirement age. We evaluate the strength and vulnerability integration (SAVI) model. Method: Three waves of data from employed participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 3,957)...
July 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974339/a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-interpretation-biases-in-depression
#11
REVIEW
Jonas Everaert, Ioana R Podina, Ernst H W Koster
Interpretation biases have long been theorized to play a central role in depression. Yet, the strength of the empirical evidence for this bias remains a topic of debate. This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the overall effect size and to identify moderators relevant to theory and methodology. PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and dissertation databases were searched. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed on 87 studies (N=9443). Results revealed a medium overall effect size (g=0.72, 95%-CI:[0...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973587/promoting-mental-wellbeing-among-older-people-technology-based-interventions
#12
Anna K Forsman, Johanna Nordmyr, Tihana Matosevic, A-La Park, Kristian Wahlbeck, David McDaid
This systematic review explored the effectiveness of technology-based interventions in promoting the mental health and wellbeing of people aged 65 and over. Data were collected as part of a wider review commissioned by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in England on the effectiveness of different actions to promote the mental wellbeing and independence of older people. All studies identified through this review were subject to a detailed critical appraisal of quality, looking at internal and external validity...
August 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#13
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967339/increased-substance-use-and-poorer-mental-health-in-adolescents-with-problematic-musculoskeletal-pain
#14
Nicola McLaren, Steven J Kamper, Rebecca Hodder, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Jennifer Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Julia Dray, Christopher M Williams
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Adolescents with musculoskeletal pain are thought to be at greater risk of modifiable health risk behaviors, but little is known about these behaviors in adolescents with problematic pain. Objective To describe the prevalence of substance use (tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and illicit drugs) and poor mental health in adolescents with problematic musculoskeletal pain, compared to those without such pain. Methods Data on self-reported pain, substance use, and poor mental health were collected from 1831 year 9 students (age range, 14-16 years)...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965528/developing-capacity-building-activities-for-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-for-service-users-and-caregivers-service-planners-and-researchers
#15
M Semrau, A Alem, J Abdulmalik, S Docrat, S Evans-Lacko, O Gureje, F Kigozi, H Lempp, C Lund, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, G Thornicroft, C Hanlon
There is increasing international recognition of the need to build capacity to strengthen mental health systems. This is a fundamental goal of the 'Emerging mental health systems in low- and middle-income countries' (Emerald) programme, which is being implemented in six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda). This paper discusses Emerald's capacity-building approaches and outputs for three target groups in mental health system strengthening: (1) mental health service users and caregivers, (2) service planners and policy-makers, and (3) mental health researchers...
October 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964293/emotional-and-behaviour-difficulties-in-teenagers-with-permanent-childhood-hearing-loss
#16
Jim Stevenson, Hannah Pimperton, Jana Kreppner, Sarah Worsfold, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Colin Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: It is known that during the middle childhood years those with permanent childhood hearing loss (PCHL) are at increased risk of showing emotional and behaviour difficulties (EBD). It has yet to be established whether this risk continues into the late teenage years. There is a paucity of longitudinal studies on the association between PCHL and EBD. METHODS: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to measure EBD based on parent, teacher and self-ratings in 76 teenagers with PCHL and 38 in a hearing comparison group (HCG) from a population sample of children that was followed up from birth to adolescence...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953803/overcoming-the-social-stigma-on-mood-disorders-with-dancing
#17
Romina Tavormina, Maurilio Giuseppe Maria Tavormina
In our society, the social stigma against people who suffer from mood disorders is a very powerful factor that negatively affects the healing of patient. He is often isolated from the others for the fear of being judged "fool, crazy or dangerous" or discriminated and emarginated for his mental health problem. For this reason, a cornerstone of mood disorder rehabilitation is the bringing out of the patient from his isolation, the reintegration of the user in the social context with the increase and the improvement in the quality of interpersonal relationships in the family and in the external context...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952858/sub-symptomatic-aerobic-exercise-for-patients-with-post-concussion-syndrome-a-critically-appraised-topic
#18
Katrina G Ritter, Matthew J Hussey, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Clinical Scenario: Patients who experience prolonged concussion symptoms can be diagnosed with Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) when those symptoms persist past 4 weeks. Aerobic exercise protocols have been shown to be effective in improving physical and mental aspects of health. Emerging research suggests that aerobic exercise maybe useful as a treatment for PCS, where exercise allows patients to feel less isolated and more active during the recovery process. CLINICAL QUESTION: Is aerobic exercise more beneficial in reducing symptoms than current standard care in patients with prolonged symptoms or PCS lasting longer than 4 weeks? Summary of Key Findings: After a thorough literature search, 4 studies were selected relevant to the clinical question...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951440/a-sports-based-youth-development-program-teen-mental-health-and-physical-fitness-an-rct
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Lobo Hung Tak Louie, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Ko Ling Chan, Agnes Tiwari, Chun Bong Chow, Walter Ho, William Wong, Meanne Chan, Eric Yu Hai Chen, Yiu Fai Cheung, Patrick Ip
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD)-based sports mentorship program on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents recruited in a community setting. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial in which we recruited students from 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong, China. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an intervention or a control arm after stratification for school from October 2013 to June 2014...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951415/the-brain-games-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-computerised-cognitive-training-for-preventing-mental-illness-in-adolescents-with-high-risk-personality-styles
#20
Louise Mewton, Antoinette Hodge, Nicola Gates, Rachel Visontay, Maree Teesson
INTRODUCTION: A broad range of mental disorders are now understood as aberrations of normal adolescent brain development. In both adolescents and adults, executive dysfunction has been implicated across a range of mental illnesses, and enhancing executive functioning may prove to be a useful prevention strategy for adolescents at risk for a range of psychopathology. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will consist of a double-blind, randomised controlled trial with a 12-month follow-up period...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Open
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