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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128621/empirical-extension-of-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide-investigating-the-role-of-interpersonal-hopelessness
#1
Raymond P Tucker, Christopher R Hagan, Ryan M Hill, Meredith L Slish, Courtney L Bagge, Thomas E Joiner, LaRicka R Wingate
The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide posits that hopelessness about thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness is an important risk factor for the desire for suicide and suicide risk. Past research has indicated that general feelings of hopelessness interact with the constructs of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness to predict suicide ideation. However, no research has explicitly tested whether hopelessness specific to the interpersonal constructs of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness predicts suicide ideation and suicide risk...
November 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099031/the-effects-of-acute-high-intensity-interval-training-on-hematological-parameters-in-sedentary-subjects
#2
Muaz Belviranli, Nilsel Okudan, Banu Kabak
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of acute high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on hematological parameters in sedentary men. Ten healthy, non-smoker, and sedentary men aged between 18 and 24 years participated in the study. All subjects performed four Wingate tests with 4 min intervals between the tests. Blood samples were collected at pre-exercise, immediately after, 3 and 6 h after the fourth Wingate test. Hematological parameters were analyzed in these samples. The results showed that hematocrit percentage, hemoglobin values, red cell count, mean cell volume, platelet count, total white cell count, and counts of the white cell subgroups increased immediately after the acute HIIT and their values began to return to resting levels 3 h after exercise, and completely returned to resting levels 6 h after exercise...
July 19, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065054/the-importance-of-body-composition-in-the-national-hockey-league-combine-physiologic-assessments
#3
Nathan A Chiarlitti, Patrick Delisle-Houde, Ryan E R Reid, Cory Kennedy, Ross E Andersen
The National Hockey League (NHL) combine was designed to assess draft-eligible players based on body composition, speed, power, and strength. The importance of body composition in the battery of combine physical tests was investigated and differences in results based on position were explored. Thirty-seven elite male Canadian university hockey players (age = 22.86 ± 1.55 years, weight = 87.21 ± 6.52 kg, height = 181.69 ± 6.19 cm) participated in the study at the beginning of their hockey season. All participants underwent physical testing (as outlined in the 2016 NHL combine) and one total body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan to measure body composition...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023325/performance-and-health-related-characteristics-of-male-athletes-using-marijuana
#4
Jonathon K Lisano, Jeremy D Smith, Alissa B Mathias, Matt Christensen, Peter Smoak, Kristina T Phillips, Colin J Quinn, Laura K Stewart
The influence of chronic marijuana use on the performance and health of physically active individuals has yet to be fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to explore pulmonary function, aerobic and anaerobic fitness, strength, serum testosterone, cortisol, C-reactive protein (CRP), Δ-9-tetrahydrocannibinol (THC), 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ-9-tetrahydrocannibinol (THC-COOH), and 11-hydroxy-Δ-9-tetrahydrocannibinol (THC-OH) concentrations in a physically active population either using or not using marijuana...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986272/the-next-blockbuster-drug
#5
EDITORIAL
Sue Wingate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964781/multicenter-analysis-of-patient-reported-outcomes-following-artificial-urinary-sphincter-placement-for-male-stress-urinary-incontinence
#6
Jonathan T Wingate, Bradley A Erickson, Gregory Murphy, Thomas G Smith, Benjamin N Breyer, Bryan B Voelzke
PURPOSE: Patient-centered data regarding functional and quality of life improvements after AUS placement is lacking. We analyzed the degree of benefit from AUS placement utilizing the ISI, a validated patient reported outcome measure assessing severity and bother of urinary incontinence and the IIQ-7, a validated patient reported outcome measure assessing the impact and emotional distress of urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review from four participating centers in the Trauma and Urologic Reconstruction Network of Surgeons...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933930/autism-spectrum-disorder-among-us-children-2002-2010-socioeconomic-racial-and-ethnic-disparities
#7
Maureen S Durkin, Matthew J Maenner, Jon Baio, Deborah Christensen, Julie Daniels, Robert Fitzgerald, Pamela Imm, Li-Ching Lee, Laura A Schieve, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Martha S Wingate, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp
OBJECTIVES: To describe the association between indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) and the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the United States during the period 2002 to 2010, when overall ASD prevalence among children more than doubled, and to determine whether SES disparities account for ongoing racial and ethnic disparities in ASD prevalence. METHODS: We computed ASD prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from population-based surveillance, census, and survey data...
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930880/cycling-power-outputs-predict-functional-threshold-power-and-maximum-oxygen-uptake
#8
Joshua Denham, John Scott-Hamilton, Amanda D Hagstrom, Adrian J Gray
Functional threshold power (FTP) has emerged as a correlate of lactate threshold and is commonly assessed by recreational and professional cyclists for tailored exercise programing. To identify whether results from traditional aerobic and anaerobic cycling tests could predict FTP and V˙ O2max, we analysed the association between estimated FTP, maximum oxygen uptake (V˙ O2max [mlkgmin]) and power outputs obtained from a maximal cycle ergometry cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and a 30-s Wingate test in a heterogeneous cohort of cycle-trained and untrained individuals (N=40, mean±SD; age: 32...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924314/comparison-between-standing-broad-jump-test-and-wingate-test-for-assessing-lower-limb-anaerobic-power-in-elite-sportsmen
#9
Anup Krishnan, Deep Sharma, Madhu Bhatt, Apoorv Dixit, P Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Lower limb explosive power is an important motor quality for sporting performance and indicates use of anaerobic energy systems like stored ATP and Creatine phosphate system. Weightlifting, Fencing and Wrestling use it for monitoring and identification of potential sportsmen. The Wingate test and Standing Broad Jump (SBJ) test are reliable and accurate tests for its assessment. This study conducted on elite Indian sportsmen tries to analyse feasibility of use of the SBJ test in sports and military medicine when Wingate test is impractical...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923700/venous-thromboembolism-risk-in-patients-with-locoregional-urothelial-tract-tumors
#10
Jorge D Ramos, Jonathan T Wingate, Roman Gulati, Elizabeth R Plimack, Lauren C Harshman, Thomas Powles, Simon J Crabb, Guenter Niegisch, Joaquim Bellmunt, Sylvain Ladoire, Ugo De Giorgi, Syed Hussain, Ajjai S Alva, Jack Baniel, Neeraj Agarwal, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Ulka N Vaishampayan, Matthew D Galsky, Evan Y Yu
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is common in cancer patients, but there is limited data on patients with urothelial tract tumors (UTT). We previously identified several associative factors for increased VTE rates in patients with metastatic UTT. In this study, we assessed the frequency, associative factors, and impact on survival of VTE in patients with locoregional UTT. METHODS: Patients with locoregional bladder, upper urinary tract, or urethral cancer were included in this multi-center study from 29 academic institutions...
August 24, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888835/disparities-in-gestational-age-specific-fetal-mortality-rates-in-the-united-states-2009-2013
#11
Martha S Wingate, Ruben A Smith, Joann R Petrini, Wanda D Barfield
PURPOSE: Although studies have examined overall temporal changes in gestational age-specific fetal mortality rates, there is little information on the current status of racial/ethnic differences. We hypothesize that differences exist between racial/ethnic groups across gestational age and that these differences are not equally distributed. METHODS: Using the 2009-2013 data from US fetal death and live birth files for non-Hispanic white (NHW); non-Hispanic black (NHB); Hispanic; and American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) women, we conducted analyses to examine fetal mortality rates and estimate adjusted prevalence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885320/an-examination-of-the-perceived-importance-and-skills-related-to-policies-and-policy-making-among-state-public-health-injury-prevention-staff
#12
Karen D Liller, Theresa Chapple-McGruder, Brian Castrucci, Martha Slay Wingate, Renata Hilson, Dara Mendez, Dorothy Cilenti, Ilana Raskind
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research is to use the Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey to assess in greater detail state injury prevention staff perceptions of policy development and related skills and their awareness and perception of "Health in All Policies" (HiAP). DESIGN: The public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey gauged public health practitioners' perspectives on workplace environment, job satisfaction, national trends, and training needs, and gathered demographics on the workforce...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862775/implicit-association-with-suicide-as-measured-by-the-suicide-affect-misattribution-procedure-s-amp-predicts-suicide-ideation
#13
Raymond P Tucker, LaRicka R Wingate, Melissa Burkley, Tony T Wells
The identification of indirect markers of suicide that do not rely on explicit self-report of suicide ideation is vital, as research indicates that a significant number of individuals who die by suicide do not discuss or explicitly deny thoughts of suicide with a provider in their last health care interaction. The current study tests whether a new measure of implicit association with suicide, a modified version of the Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP), predicts suicide ideation in participants oversampled for the experience of suicide ideation...
September 1, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857629/high-intensity-interval-training-acutely-alters-plasma-adipokine-levels-in-young-overweight-obese-women
#14
Selma Arzu Vardar, Aziz Karaca, Sibel Güldiken, Orkide Palabıyık, Necdet Süt, Ahmet Muzaffer Demir
The aim of this study was to investigate the plasma adipokine responses to high-intensity interval training (HIT) in overweight/obese women. Twelve women (age 21.7 ± 3.8 years) completed a 19 days of HIT comprising six session of 4-6 repeats of a Wingate test (0.065 kg load/kg). Plasma adipokine levels were measured before exercise, and at 5 and 90 min after exercise on the first and the last training days. Adiponectin was higher at 5 min than 90 min post-exercise (11.7 ± 7.3 and 10.5 ± 5...
August 31, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821447/time-perception-pacing-and-exercise-intensity-maximal-exercise-distorts-the-perception-of-time
#15
A M Edwards, A McCormick
INTRODUCTION: Currently there are no data examining the impact of exercise on the perception of time, which is surprising as optimal competitive performance is dependent on accurate pacing using knowledge of time elapsed. METHODS: With institutional ethics approval, 12 recreationally active adult participants (f=7, m=5) undertook both 30s Wingate cycles and 20min (1200s) rowing ergometer bouts as short and long duration self-paced exercise trials, in each of three conditions on separate occasions: 1) light exertion: RPE 11, 2) heavy exertion: RPE 15, 3) maximal exertion: RPE 20...
August 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819003/skeletal-muscle-signaling-metabolism-and-performance-during-sprint-exercise-in-severe-acute-hypoxia-after-the-ingestion-of-antioxidants
#16
David Morales-Alamo, Borja Guerra, Jesus Gustavo Ponce-Gonzalez, Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Alfredo Santana, Marcos Martin-Rincon, Miriam Gelabert-Rebato, Joan Aureli Cadefau, Roser Cussó, Cecilia Dorado, Jose A L Calbet
The aim of this study was to determine reactive oxygen species (ROS) could play a role in blunting Thr(172)-AMPKα phosphorylation in human skeletal muscle after sprint exercise in hypoxia and to elucidate the potential signaling mechanisms responsible for this response. Nine volunteers performed a single 30s sprint (Wingate test) in two occasions while breathing hypoxic gas (PIO2=75 mmHg): one after the ingestion of placebo (P) and another following the intake of antioxidants (A) (α-lipoic acid, vitamin C, and vitamin E), with a randomized double-blind design...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812441/the-indirect-effect-of-perceived-burdensomeness-on-the-relationship-between-indices-of-social-support-and-suicide-ideation-in-college-students
#17
David W Hollingsworth, Meredith L Slish, LaRicka R Wingate, Collin L Davidson, Kathy A Rasmussen, Victoria M O'Keefe, Raymond P Tucker, DeMond M Grant
OBJECTIVE: Research has demonstrated that a lack of social support is related to suicide risk. This study examines perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, as mechanisms of the social support-suicide relationship in college students. METHOD: The study consisted of 207 students from a Midwestern university. Data were collected from 2007 to 2008. Two multiple mediation analyses were conducted to examine whether perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness mediated the relationship between indices of social support and suicide ideation...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807684/influence-of-velotron-chainring-size-on-wingate-anaerobic-test
#18
Nicolas W Clark, Dale R Wagner, Edward M Heath
OBJECTIVES: This study compared an 85-tooth versus the standard 62-tooth chainring for power outputs during a Wingate test using a Velotron electromagnetically-braked cycle ergometer. DESIGN: All participants completed trials using both chainring sizes in a repeated-measures cross-over design. METHODS: Resistance-trained male participants (n=20, 24.6±4.5years) performed two Wingate tests separated by at least 48h. Peak power (PP), mean power (MP), fatigue index (FI), peak cadence, mean cadence, and total work (TW) were recorded...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800636/combined-sprint-and-resistance-training-abrogates-age-differences-in-somatotropic-hormones
#19
Maha Sellami, Wissem Dhahbi, Lawrence D Hayes, Johnny Padulo, Fatma Rhibi, Hanen Djemail, Anis Chaouachi
The aim of this investigation was to compare serum growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in response to a combined sprint and resistance training (CSRT) program in young and middle-aged men.Thirty-eight healthy, moderately trained men participated in this study. Young and middle-aged men were randomly assigned to, a young training group (YT = 10, 21.4±1.2yrs) ora young control group (YC = 9, 21.6±1.8 yrs), a middle-aged training group (MAT = 10, 40...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770669/case-study-unfavorable-but-transient-physiological-changes-during-contest-preparation-in-a-drug-free-male-bodybuilder
#20
Andrew Pardue, Eric T Trexler, Lisa K Sprod
Extreme body composition demands of competitive bodybuilding have been associated with unfavorable physiological changes, including alterations in metabolic rate and endocrine profile. The current case study evaluated the effects of contest preparation (8 months), followed by recovery (5 months), on a competitive drug-free male bodybuilder over 13 months (M1-M13). Serum testosterone, triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), cortisol, leptin, and ghrelin were measured throughout the study. Body composition (BodPod, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry [DXA]), anaerobic power (Wingate test), and resting metabolic rate (RMR) were assessed monthly...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
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