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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708930/effects-of-high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-testicular-cancer-survivors-a-phase-2-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Scott C Adams, Darren S DeLorey, Margie H Davenport, Michael K Stickland, Adrian S Fairey, Scott North, Alexander Szczotka, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer survivors (TCS) have an increased risk of treatment-related cardiovascular disease (CVD), which may limit their overall survival. We evaluated the effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) on traditional and novel CVD risk factors and surrogate markers of mortality in a population-based sample of TCS. METHODS: This phase 2 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02459132) randomly assigned 63 TCS to usual care (UC) or 12 weeks of supervised HIIT (ie, alternating periods of vigorous-intensity and light-intensity aerobic exercise)...
October 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463901/a-mechanism-underlying-preventive-effect-of-high-intensity-training-on-colon-cancer
#2
Kaori Matsuo, Koji Sato, Ken Suemoto, Eri Miyamoto-Mikami, Noriyuki Fuku, Kazuhiko Higashida, Katsunori Tsuji, Yuzhong Xu, Xin Liu, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Takafumi Hamaoka, Izumi Tabata
INTRODUCTION: We examined effects of high-intensity training on chemically induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in rat colon. We also investigated mechanisms that may underlie the results obtained, with a focus on secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), which has been proposed as an exercise-related factor of colon cancer prevention. METHODS: After an administration of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine, F344 rats executed high-intensity intermittent swimming training (HIIST) (twelve 20-s swimming with a weight [16% body weight] with 10-s pauses between the bouts) 5 d·wk for 4 wk...
September 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419206/short-term-preoperative-exercise-therapy-does-not-improve-long-term-outcome-after-lung-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Wolfram Karenovics, Marc Licker, Christoph Ellenberger, Michel Christodoulou, John Diaper, Chetna Bhatia, John Robert, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Frédéric Triponez
OBJECTIVES: Poor aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for long-term survival and quality of life in patients with lung cancer. This randomized trial evaluates the impact of adding rehabilitation (Rehab) with high-intensity interval training (HIIT) before lung cancer surgery to enhance cardiorespiratory fitness and improve long-term postoperative outcome. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC, n  = 77) or to intervention group (Rehab, n  = 74) that entailed HIIT that was implemented only preoperatively...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385556/high-intensity-interval-training-for-maximizing-health-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Trine Karlsen, Inger-Lise Aamot, Mark Haykowsky, Øivind Rognmo
Regular physical activity and exercise training are important actions to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and maintain health throughout life. There is solid evidence that exercise is an effective preventative strategy against at least 25 medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, stroke, hypertension, colon and breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Traditionally, endurance exercise training (ET) to improve health related outcomes has consisted of low- to moderate ET intensity. However, a growing body of evidence suggests that higher exercise intensities may be superior to moderate intensity for maximizing health outcomes...
June 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771425/short-term-preoperative-high-intensity-interval-training-in-patients-awaiting-lung-cancer-surgery-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics, John Diaper, Isabelle Frésard, Frédéric Triponez, Christoph Ellenberger, Raoul Schorer, Bengt Kayser, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux
INTRODUCTION: Impairment in aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for postoperative complications. In this randomized controlled trial, we hypothesized that a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program enhances cardiorespiratory fitness before lung cancer surgery and therefore reduces the risk of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC) (n = 77) or preoperative rehabilitation based on HIIT (Rehab) (n = 74)...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869680/a-3-week-multimodal-intervention-involving-high-intensity-interval-training-in-female-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joachim Schmitt, Nathalie Lindner, Monika Reuss-Borst, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
To compare the effects of a 3-week multimodal rehabilitation involving supervised high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on female breast cancer survivors with respect to key variables of aerobic fitness, body composition, energy expenditure, cancer-related fatigue, and quality of life to those of a standard multimodal rehabilitation program. A randomized controlled trial design was administered. Twenty-eight women, who had been treated for cancer were randomly assigned to either a group performing exercise of low-to-moderate intensity (LMIE; n = 14) or a group performing high-intensity interval training (HIIT; n = 14) as part of a 3-week multimodal rehabilitation program...
February 2016: Physiological Reports
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