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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045254/nutritional-interventions-in-sarcopenia-where-do-we-stand
#1
Jean Woo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To document recent evidence regarding the role of nutrition as an intervention for sarcopenia. RECENT FINDINGS: A review of seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) alone on muscle loss in 147 adults showed greater muscle mass gain in the intervention group, but no benefit in muscle strength and physical performance measures. Three other review articles examined nutrition and exercise as combined intervention, and suggest enhancement of benefits of exercise by nutrition supplements (energy, protein, vitamin D)...
October 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043603/epigenetic-modifications-of-gene-expression-by-lifestyle-and-environment
#2
REVIEW
Qudeer Ahmed Abdul, Byung Pal Yu, Hae Young Chung, Hyun Ah Jung, Jae Sue Choi
Epigenetics oftenly described as the heritable changes in gene expression independent of changes in DNA sequence. Various environmental factors such as nutrition-dietary components, lifestyle, exercise, physical activity, toxins, and other contributing factors remodel the genome either in a constructive or detrimental way. Since epigenetic changes are reversible and nutrition is one of the many epigenetic regulators that modify gene expression without changing the DNA sequence, dietary nutrients and bioactive food components contribute to epigenetic phenomena either by directly suppressing DNA methylation or histone catalyzing enzymes or by changing the availability of substrates required for enzymatic reactions...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038694/dietary-habits-physical-activity-and-diabetes-perception-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia
#3
Nadiyah Abdullah Al-Mountashiri, Amal Mohammad Al-Zhrani, Shereen Fawzy Hafez Ibrahim, Hyder Othman Mirghani
BACKGROUND: Medical nutritional therapy is an important aspect of diabetes care, there is an increasing awareness of breakfast skipping, late dinner and meal contents on diabetes control. AIM: To assess dietary habits, physical activity and diabetes perception among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted among patients with diabetes mellitus at the diabetes center in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia during the period from March through June 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037265/does-skeletal-muscle-carnitine-availability-influence-fuel-selection-during-exercise
#4
Francis B Stephens
Fat and carbohydrate are the major fuel sources utilised for oxidative, mitochondrial ATP resynthesis during human skeletal muscle contraction. The relative contribution of these two substrates to ATP resynthesis and total energy expenditure during exercise can vary substantially, and is predominantly determined by fuel availability and exercise intensity and duration. For example, the increased ATP demand that occurs with an increase in exercise intensity is met by increases in both fat and carbohydrate oxidation up to an intensity of approximately 60-70 % of maximal oxygen consumption...
October 17, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036551/comparative-study-of-the-growth-and-nutritional-status-of-brazilian-and-nigerian-school-aged-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#5
Samuel A Adegoke, Maria S Figueiredo, Adekunle D Adekile, Josefina A P Braga
Background: Comparative studies of patients in different sociogeographic/ecological zones may unravel potential environmental and nutritional factors influencing disease phenotype. In sickle cell disease (SCD), differential access to comprehensive care may influence their growth and nutritional status. Methods: From June 2015 to February 2016, steady-state nutritional parameters of 109 Brazilian and 95 Nigerian children with SCD attending routine clinic visits at Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil and Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife (Ilesa unit), respectively, were compared...
September 28, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035677/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-application-for-the-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-focusing-on-weight-loss-a-preliminary-study
#6
Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Dong-Hwa Lee, Youngin Kim, Andreas Michaelides, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent results for the effectiveness of using smartphone applications (apps) or websites on weight loss. We investigated the efficacy of a smartphone intervention using a designated app that utilizes a lifestyle intervention-focused approach, including a human coaching element, toward weight loss in overweight or obese Korean adults. METHODS: One hundred four adults aged 20-60 years with a body mass index ≥23 kg/m(2), who signed up for a smartphone program for weight loss (using the Noom app), were recruited...
October 16, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035319/nutritional-therapy-in-liver-transplantation
#7
REVIEW
Ahmed Hammad, Toshimi Kaido, Vusal Aliyev, Claudia Mandato, Shinji Uemoto
Protein-energy malnourishment is commonly encountered in patients with end-stage liver disease who undergo liver transplantation. Malnutrition may further increase morbidity, mortality and costs in the post-transplantation setting. The importance of carefully assessing the nutritional status during the work-up of patients who are candidates for liver replacement is widely recognized. The metabolic abnormalities induced by liver failure render the conventional assessment of nutritional status to be challenging...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035098/quality-of-life-and-subjective-health-status-according-to-handgrip-strength-in-the-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine potential associations between handgrip strength and health-related quality of life, or subjective health status, in the elderly. METHOD: We performed secondary data analysis on 2377 elderly individuals aged >65 years. Raw data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2014-2015), were drawn from a representative national sample. RESULTS: Of those aged ≥65 years or older, 25...
October 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034545/a-pilot-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-and-central-adiposity-in-first-time-mothers-results-from-the-mums-online-online-lifestyle-nutrition-exercise-study
#9
P van der Pligt, K Ball, K D Hesketh, M Teychenne, D Crawford, P J Morgan, C E Collins, K J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) increases the risk for obesity and complications during subsequent pregnancies. Few interventions have been successful in limiting PPWR in mothers. The present study assessed the effectiveness of the mums OnLiNE (Online, Lifestyle, Nutrition & Exercise) intervention with respect to reducing PPWR and improving diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: A subsample of first-time mothers enrolled in the Extended Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) completed the nonrandomised mums OnLiNE intervention...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032389/complementary-and-integrative-medicine-in-hematologic-malignancies-questions-and-challenges
#10
REVIEW
Moshe Frenkel, Kenneth Sapire
Hematologic malignancies represent 9.7% of all cancers, making them the fourth most common type of cancer in the United States. The aggressive and complex treatments administered in hematologic malignancies result in a high burden of psychological needs. Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) is becoming one of the options that patients use to address their distress during and after cancer treatments. It is not clear whether appropriate CIM can relieve distress in patients affected by these malignancies...
October 14, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031484/effects-of-leucine-enriched-essential-amino-acid-and-whey-protein-bolus-dosing-upon-skeletal-muscle-protein-synthesis-at-rest-and-after-exercise-in-older-women
#11
Daniel J Wilkinson, Syed S I Bukhari, Bethan E Phillips, Marie C Limb, Jessica Cegielski, Matthew S Brook, Debbie Rankin, William K Mitchell, Hisamine Kobayashi, John P Williams, Jonathan Lund, Paul L Greenhaff, Kenneth Smith, Philip J Atherton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Impaired anabolic responses to nutrition and exercise contribute to loss of skeletal muscle mass with ageing (sarcopenia). Here, we tested responses of muscle protein synthesis (MPS), in the under represented group of older women, to leucine-enriched essential amino acids (EAA) in comparison to a large bolus of whey protein (WP). METHODS: Twenty-four older women (65 ± 1 y) received (N = 8/group) 1.5 g leucine-enriched EAA supplements (LEAA_1...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031334/alternative-treatment-modalities-and-its-effect-in-older-populations
#12
REVIEW
Carlos E Rivera-Tavarez
Aging is an inevitable multifactorial process. Advances in health care and technology have led to an increase on expected life span that can reach an average of 90 years in the next few decades. Lifestyle changes that include activity, nutrition, stress management, and alternatives low-impact exercises like yoga and tai chi can help us modify some of these age-related changes and lead to an increase in the health span and quality of life of the older adults.
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028271/influence-of-adipose-tissue-mass-on-bone-mass-in-an-overweight-or-obese-population-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Eimear Dolan, Paul A Swinton, Craig Sale, Aoife Healy, John O'Reilly
The scientific literature shows conflicting evidence about the relationship between adiposity and bone mass in overweight and obese populations. The aim of this review was to quantify the correlation between adipose mass (absolute and relative) and bone mineral density (BMD) in overweight and obese populations. Three databases were searched electronically. In addition, reference lists of relevant articles were screened. A total of 16 studies, comprising 2587 participants and 75 correlation coefficients were selected for inclusion in the review...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025506/maintenance-of-lifestyle-changes-at-12-month-follow-up-in-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-trial-for-cancer-survivors
#14
Fiona G Stacey, David R Lubans, Kathy Chapman, Alessandra Bisquera, Erica L James
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we report maintenance of behavior change in a nutrition and physical activity intervention for cancer survivors at 12-months follow-up. METHODS: The ENRICH (Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) program was an 8-week face-to-face program for cancer survivors and caregivers, focused on healthy eating, healthy weight, resistance training, and a walking program. Randomized controlled trial participants completed a survey and 7-days of pedometry at baseline, 8-weeks, and 20-weeks...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024562/health-maintenance-practices-and-healthcare-experiences-among-international-university-students
#15
Suzanne Martin, Jane Dyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While over a million international students attend U.S. universities, there is little information to guide providers on their care. Differences in language and health beliefs can lead to misunderstandings and poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe the health practices and healthcare experiences of international students before and after they move to the United States to carve out specific quality improvement activities at a student health center...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024353/exercise-and-physical-activity-for-patients-with-esld-improving-functional-status-and-sarcopenia-while-on-the-transplant-waitlist
#16
REVIEW
Andrés Duarte-Rojo, Astrid Ruiz-Margáin, Aldo J Montaño-Loza, Ricardo Macías-Rodríguez, Arny Ferrando, W Ray Kim
Sarcopenia and physical deconditioning are frequent complications in patients with cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease (ESLD). They are the end result of impaired dietary intake, chronic inflammation, altered macro- and micronutrient metabolism, and low physical activity. Frailty is the end result of prolonged sarcopenia and physical deconditioning. It severely affects a patient's functional status, and presents in about 1 in 5 patients on the liver transplant (LT) waitlist. Sarcopenia, poor physical fitness/cardiopulmonary endurance, and frailty are all associated with increased mortality in ESLD...
October 11, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023536/change-in-inflammatory-parameters-in-prefrail-and-frail-persons-obtaining-physical-training-and-nutritional-support-provided-by-lay-volunteers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sandra Haider, Igor Grabovac, Eva Winzer, Ali Kapan, Karin Emmi Schindler, Christian Lackinger, Sylvia Titze, Thomas Ernst Dorner
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of home visits with physical training and nutritional support on inflammatory parameters to home visits with social support alone within a randomized controlled trial. Prefrail and frail persons received home visits from lay volunteers twice a week for 12 weeks. Participants in the physical training and nutritional intervention group (PTN, n = 35) conducted two sets of six strength exercises and received nutritional support. The social support group (SoSu, n = 23) received visits only...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023081/frailty-predicts-adverse-outcomes-in-older-people-with-diabetes
#18
Joanna Ulley, Ahmed H Abdelhafiz
The greatest proportional increase in the number of people with diabetes by age group is predicted to occur in those aged 60 to 79. In older people living with diabetes, geriatric syndromes, which indicate frailty, are emerging as a third category of complications in addition to the traditional microvascular and macrovascular sequelae. Frailty is defined by the presence of three or more phenotypes (weight loss, weakness, decreased physical activity, exhaustion and slow gait speed). The presence of one or two phenotypes describes a pre-frail state, and the absence of phenotypes describes a non-frail person...
January 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017015/a-twelve-week-lifestyle-program-to-improve-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychological-health-in-hispanic-children-and-adolescents
#19
Sami Yli-Piipari, Alison Berg, Emma M Laing, Diane L Hartzell, Kenneth O Parris, Jon Udwadia, Richard D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of a 12-week lifestyle program on cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychological outcomes among overweight Hispanic children and adolescents. DESIGN: A case series study with pre- and post-test analyses. Subjects/Settings/Location: A convenience sample of high-risk pediatric primary care patients (n = 22; 6 girls, 16 boys; M age = 11.73 ± 1.39 years) and their guardians in the Southeast United States. INTERVENTION: Twice per week 60 min (total of 24 h) of moderate-to-vigorous intensity boxing exercise training, 12 h of nutrition education for guardians, and a 30-min pediatrician appointment...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016469/relationship-between-lifestyles-that-promote-health-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Shih-Pi Lin, Chieh-Yu Liu, Chiu-Yueh Yang
BACKGROUND: Over the last few decades, an increasing number of studies have examined quality of life in patients with chronic schizophrenia. However, little research has addressed the relationship between lifestyles that promote health and quality of life issues in these patients. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between lifestyles that promote health and quality of life in patients with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
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