keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exercise nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665844/handgrip-strength-is-positively-related-to-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-risk-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Chao Ji, Liqiang Zheng, Rui Zhang, Qijun Wu, Yuhong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Isometric handgrip resistance exercise, a nonpharmacological lifestyle modification, has been recommended as a first-line treatment for hypertension. This study aimed to examine the relationship of handgrip strength to blood pressure and the risk of hypertension. METHODS: The responses and examination of 4597 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed in this study. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were transformed to age- and sex-specific z-scores...
April 17, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661446/multivisceral-transplantation-rehabilitation-program-case-report
#2
T M Loschi, M P R G Cinacchi, M D T A Baccan, F Marques, P T Pedroso, S P Meira Filho, T Scacchetti, D N Pavão
Multivisceral transplantation is the treatment for multiple abdominal organ failure. The patient experiences reduced food intake and absorption of nutrients, contributing to weight loss and decreased muscle mass, reducing functional capacity. A physical and nutritional rehabilitation program based on adequate caloric intake associated with supervised physical exercise seems to support a gain of muscle mass, re-establishing its capacity and functional independence. A rehabilitation program was carried out, consisting of low-intensity aerobic exercise on treadmill, exercises of global strengthening (50% of 1 maximum repetition [1RM], with progressive increase), and nutritional monitoring (oral hypercaloric diet, hyperproteic supplementation daily and after exercise)...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651596/predictors-of-attendance-to-an-oncologist-referred-exercise-program-for-women-with-breast-cancer
#3
Kelcey A Bland, Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Amy A Kirkham, Alis Bonsignore, Cheri L Van Patten, Donald C McKenzie, Karen A Gelmon, Kristin L Campbell
PURPOSE: While exercise is associated with numerous benefits in women with breast cancer, adherence to exercise training concurrent to cancer treatment is challenging. We aimed to identify predictors of attendance to an oncologist-referred exercise program offered during and after adjuvant breast cancer treatment. METHODS: Women with early-stage breast cancer receiving chemotherapy (n = 68) enrolled in the Nutrition and Exercise During Adjuvant Treatment (NExT) study...
April 13, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650060/gastrostomy-versus-nasogastric-tube-feeding-for-chemoradiation-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-the-tube-pilot-rct
#4
Vinidh Paleri, Joanne Patterson, Nikki Rousseau, Eoin Moloney, Dawn Craig, Dimitrios Tzelis, Nina Wilkinson, Jeremy Franks, Ann Marie Hynes, Ben Heaven, David Hamilton, Teresa Guerrero-Urbano, Rachael Donnelly, Stewart Barclay, Tim Rapley, Deborah Stocken
BACKGROUND: Approximately 9000 new cases of head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCCs) are treated by the NHS each year. Chemoradiation therapy (CRT) is a commonly used treatment for advanced HNSCC. Approximately 90% of patients undergoing CRT require nutritional support via gastrostomy or nasogastric tube feeding. Long-term dysphagia following CRT is a primary concern for patients. The effect of enteral feeding routes on swallowing function is not well understood, and the two feeding methods have, to date (at the time of writing), not been compared...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649791/the-long-term-impact-of-high-levels-of-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-in-energy-balance-among-obese-adolescents
#5
Ana Claudia Pelissari Kravchychyn, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Ferreira Vicente, Yasmin Alaby Martins Ferreira, Patrícia Leão Silva, Aline de Piano Ganen, Lila Missae Oyama, Lian Tock, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sérgio Tufik, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of orexigenic and anorexigenic pathways occurs among adolescents with obesity. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a key catabolic mediator of energy homeostasis and an important anorexigenic neuropeptide in the control of energy balance and thermogenesis. However, it was not well explored if α-MSH can modulate long-term weight loss therapy responses in a dependent manner according to its concentration. Our hypothesis is that a high α-MSH concentration at baseline promotes better modulation of anorexigenic/orexigenic pathways in obese adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644065/frailty-and-chronic-kidney-disease-current-evidence-and-continuing-uncertainties
#6
Andrew C Nixon, Theodoros M Bampouras, Neil Pendleton, Alexander Woywodt, Sandip Mitra, Ajay Dhaygude
Frailty, the state of increased vulnerability to physical stressors as a result of progressive and sustained degeneration in multiple physiological systems, is common in those with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In fact, the prevalence of frailty in the older adult population is reported to be 11%, whereas the prevalence of frailty has been reported to be greater than 60% in dialysis-dependent CKD patients. Frailty is independently linked with adverse clinical outcomes in all stages of CKD and has been repeatedly shown to be associated with an increased risk of mortality and hospitalization...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630009/pregnancy-exercise-and-nutrition-with-smartphone-application-support-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Maria A Kennelly, Kate Ainscough, Karen L Lindsay, Elizabeth OʼSullivan, Eileen R Gibney, Mary McCarthy, Ricardo Segurado, Giuseppe DeVito, Orla Maguire, Thomas Smith, Mensud Hatunic, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a healthy lifestyle package (an antenatal behavior change intervention supported by smartphone application technology) on the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in overweight and obese women. METHODS: Women with body mass indexes (BMIs) 25-39.9 were enrolled into this randomized controlled trial. The intervention consisted of specific dietary and exercise advice that addressed behavior change supported by a tailor-designed smartphone application...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629032/comparison-of-body-image-perception-nutrition-knowledge-dietary-attitudes-and-dietary-habits-between-korean-and-mongolian-college-students
#8
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627447/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-multi-disciplinary-treatment-approaches
#9
Evangelia Kintiraki, Dimitrios G Goulis
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disease of pregnancy, associated with several perinatal complications. Adequate glycemic control has been proved to decrease risk of GDM-related complications. Several studies have shown the beneficial effect of exercise and medical nutrition treatment on glycemic and weight control in GDM-affected women. Moreover, pharmacological agents, such as insulin and specific oral anti-diabetic agents can be prescribed safely during pregnancy, decreasing maternal blood glucose and, thus, perinatal adverse outcomes...
April 5, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627040/insulin-resistance-and-cognitive-test-performance-in-elderly-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#10
Ayesha Z Sherzai, Magda Shaheen, Jeffrey J Yu, Konrad Talbot, Dean Sherzai
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and cognitive test performance among population≥60years in a national database. HYPOTHESIS: Higher insulin resistance is associated with lower cognitive test performance score in the population≥60years. PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000 and 2001-2002. MEASUREMENTS: Cognitive test performance was measured by the Digit Symbol Substitution (DSS) exercise score...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626387/goal-attainment-scaling-for-haemophilia-gas-h%C3%A4-m-testing-the-feasibility-of-a-new-patient-centric-outcome-measure-in-people-with-haemophilia
#11
J C Roberts, S Lattimore, M Recht, S Jackson, D Gue, S Squire, K S Robinson, V Price, M Denne, S Richardson, K Rockwood
INTRODUCTION: To address the need for a patient-reported outcome that can measure clinically and personally meaningful change in people with haemophilia (PwH) on prophylaxis, an approach based on Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) was developed: the GAS-Hēm. AIM: To establish real-world feasibility of GAS-Hēm in PwH. METHODS: Patients aged 5-65 years were enroled from four North American centres for a 12-week study. The primary outcome was the proportion of participants who completed GAS-Hēm interviews at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks...
April 6, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624683/evaluation-of-the-association-between-the-number-of-natural-teeth-and-anemia-among-korean-adults-using-nationally-representative-data
#12
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND: Anemia as a chronic disease is defined as anemia occurring in chronic infections with inflammatory conditions. The purpose of this study is to assess the association between the number of natural teeth and anemia using nationally representative data. METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. A total of 16,875 respondents over 19 years old without missing values were included in this study...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621835/causal-analysis-of-self-tracked-time-series-data-using-a-counterfactual-framework-for-n-of-1-trials
#13
Eric J Daza
Many of an individual's historically recorded personal measurements vary over time, thereby forming a time series (e.g., wearable-device data, self-tracked fitness or nutrition measurements, regularly monitored clinical events or chronic conditions). Statistical analyses of such n-of-1 (i.e., single-subject) observational studies (N1OSs) can be used to discover possible cause-effect relationships to then self-test in an n-of-1 randomized trial (N1RT). However, a principled way of determining how and when to interpret an N1OS association as a causal effect (e...
February 2018: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621580/use-of-nutritional-supplements-contaminated-with-banned-doping-substances-by-recreational-adolescent-athletes-in-athens-greece
#14
Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Petros Papalexis, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Dimitrios Kouretas, Flora Bacopoulou, Christina Tsitsimpikou
Although the use of nutritional supplements by adult athletes has been extensively studied, information on supplements consumption by adolescent athletes is still limited. The present study reports on the use of nutritional supplements contaminated with banned doping substances among 170 recreational adolescent athletes from eleven, randomly selected, gym centres, in Athens, Greece. Nutritional supplements consumption was reported by almost 60% of the study population, with proteins/amino acids and vitamins being the most popular...
April 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619646/-sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-older-patients-with-rheumatism
#15
U Lange
Sarcopenia is an age-related generalized loss of muscle mass and muscle strength resulting in low physical performance, which can be observed in up to 50% of >80-year-old individuals. The consequences are manifold and sarcopenia is closely linked to frailty. Important risk factors are genetics/epigenetics, immobilization, malnutrition and anorexia, hormone deficiencies, chronic inflammation and raised levels of inhibitory factors of tissue regeneration. Thus, functional assessment of muscle strength and physical performance are central components of diagnosing sarcopenia, beyond the mere quantification of muscle mass...
April 4, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617707/changes-in-body-mass-index-and-physical-activity-predict-changes-in-vitality-during-a-weight-loss-trial-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Kelly M Kenzik, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Patricia A Ganz, Graham Colditz, Cheryl L Rock, Laura Q Rogers
Background: Breast cancer survivors rank fatigue (e.g., decreased vitality) as their number one concern affecting quality of life. Excess adiposity is associated with decreased vitality in breast cancer survivors, yet weight loss intervention trials report inconsistent effects on this parameter. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the Exercise and Nutrition to Enhance Recovery and Good Health for You trial, in which 692 overweight or obese breast cancer survivors ≤5 years from diagnosis, initiated weight loss interventions, and completed assessments semi-annually for 2 years...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607218/nutritional-ketosis-and-mitohormesis-potential-implications-for-mitochondrial-function-and-human-health
#17
REVIEW
Vincent J Miller, Frederick A Villamena, Jeff S Volek
Impaired mitochondrial function often results in excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and is involved in the etiology of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer. Moderate levels of mitochondrial ROS, however, can protect against chronic disease by inducing upregulation of mitochondrial capacity and endogenous antioxidant defense. This phenomenon, referred to as mitohormesis, is induced through increased reliance on mitochondrial respiration, which can occur through diet or exercise...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601135/effects-of-knee-loading-on-obesity-related-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-an-ovariectomized-mouse-model-with-high-fat-diet
#18
Nian Tan, Xinle Li, Lidong Zhai, Daquan Liu, Jie Li, Hiroki Yokota, Ping Zhang
AIM: Hormonal and nutritional disorders are the main causes of obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, especially in the elderly and postmenopausal women. Although physical activity may alleviate these disorders, the elderly may often have difficulty in conducting physical exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of knee loading, a new form of physical stimulation, on the symptom of obesity and fatty liver. METHODS: Using ovariectomized mice with high fat diet, we evaluated the effect of knee loading that applies gentle cyclic loads to the knee...
March 30, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595826/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-current-perspectives-on-health-behaviors
#19
REVIEW
Elizabeth Morghen Sikes, Robert W Motl, Jayne M Ness
Purpose: Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) accounts for ~5% of all multiple sclerosis cases, and has a prevalence of ~10,000 children in the USA. POMS is associated with a higher relapse rate, and results in irreversible disability on average 10 years earlier than adult-onset multiple sclerosis. Other manifestations of POMS include mental and physical fatigue, cognitive impairment, and depression. We believe that the health behaviors of physical activity, diet, and sleep may have potential benefits in POMS, and present a scoping review of the existing literature...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589411/dietetic-nutritional-physical-and-physiological-recovery-methods-post-competition-in-team-sports-a-review
#20
Nicolas Terrados, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Anne Delextrat, Sergej M Ostojic, Julio Calleja-González
INTRODUCTION: To a proper recovery, is absolutely necessary to know that athletes with enhanced recovery after maximal exercise are likely to perform better in sports. Recovery strategies are commonly used in team sports despite limited scientific evidence to support their effectiveness in facilitating optimal recovery and the players spend a much greater proportion of their time recovering than they do in training. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: According to authors, some studies investigated the effect of recovery strategies on physical performance in team sports, lack of experimental studies about the real origin of the fatigue, certify the need for further study this phenomenon...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
keyword
keyword
3497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"