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Cardiac rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538026/children-with-burn-injury-have-impaired-cardiac-output-during-submaximal-exercise
#1
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Kenneth C Beck, Oscar E Suman
INTRODUCTION: Burn trauma damages resting cardiac function; however, it is currently unknown if the cardiovascular response to exercise is likewise impaired. We tested the hypothesis that, in children, burn injury lowers cardiac output (Q) and stroke volume (SV) during submaximal exercise. METHODS: Five children with 49±4% total body surface area (BSA) burned (2 female, 11.7±1 y, 40.4±18 kg, 141.1±9 cm) and eight similar non-burned controls (5 female, 12.5±2 y, 58...
May 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534417/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-compared-to-conventional-centre-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-the-fit-home-study
#2
Jos J Kraal, M Elske Van den Akker-Van Marle, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Wim Stut, Niels Peek, Hareld Mc Kemps
Aim Although cardiac rehabilitation improves physical fitness after a cardiac event, many eligible patients do not participate in cardiac rehabilitation and the beneficial effects of cardiac rehabilitation are often not maintained over time. Home-based training with telemonitoring guidance could improve participation rates and enhance long-term effectiveness. Methods and results We randomised 90 low-to-moderate cardiac risk patients entering cardiac rehabilitation to three months of either home-based training with telemonitoring guidance or centre-based training...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532406/the-addition-of-vildagliptin-to-metformin-prevents-the-elevation-of-interleukin-1%C3%A3-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-coronary-artery-disease-a-prospective-randomized-open-label-study
#3
Arwa Younis, Dana Eskenazi, Ronen Goldkorn, Jonathan Leor, Nili Naftali-Shani, Enrique Z Fisman, Alexander Tenenbaum, Ilan Goldenberg, Robert Klempfner
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes present with an accelerated atherosclerotic process. Animal evidence indicates that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (gliptins) have anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects, yet clinical data are scarcely available. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, open-label study was performed in 60 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes, who participated in a cardiac rehabilitation program...
May 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523440/assessing-and-modifying-coronary-artery-disease-risk-in-women
#5
REVIEW
Amy Sarma, Nandita S Scott
Despite continued advances in the field, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in women in the USA with an annual mortality rate that has remained higher for women as compared to men. The factors leading to this sex difference remain incompletely understood. Likely contributors include atypical symptoms at presentation and lack of recognition of cardiovascular risk by women and their providers alike. In addition, women have a higher burden of comorbidities at the time of disease diagnosis and can have differential pathophysiological mechanisms of their acute events...
July 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520624/cardiac-rehabilitation-outcomes-by-ethnocultural-background-results-from-the-canadian-cardiac-rehab-registry
#6
Briar Findlay, Paul Oh, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Patients of diverse ethnocultural backgrounds are underrepresented among participants and, hence, little is known about their outcomes. The objectives of this study were to compare cardiac rehabilitation (CR) utilization, cardiovascular risk factor reduction (blood pressure, lipids, anthropometrics), and functional capacity between white and ethnocultural minority patients participating in CR across Canada. METHODS: The study was a retrospective, observational cohort study using the Canadian Cardiac Rehab Registry (CCRR)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513407/-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-who-is-a-candidate-and-who-is-not
#7
M Kloosterman, A H Maass, M Rienstra, I C Van Gelder
- Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is a treatment for patients with impaired cardiac pump function (left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 35%) and a wide QRS complex who, despite maximum tolerated medical therapy, remain symptomatic.- In addition to reducing symptoms, CRT can reduce hospital admissions and improve survival.- Selection of patients for CRT remains difficult. Despite the fact that predicting and influencing success of CRT has improved, ~30% of patients do not respond to the therapy.- Optimizing therapy and follow-up of patients after implantation requires a multidisciplinary approach tailored to the individual patient...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513199/experience-of-exclusion-a-framework-analysis-of-socioeconomic-factors-affecting-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Maria Pedersen, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingelise Andersen, Marie Baastrup, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: The Danish public healthcare system provides comprehensive care based on the principle of equal access. However, it is well documented that patients with low socioeconomic position are less likely to participate in cardiac rehabilitation. More knowledge is needed to understand this phenomenon. The aim of the study was to explore the patient experience of barriers to completion of phase II cardiac rehabilitation, and to investigate the impact of socioeconomic factors on completion of cardiac rehabilitation...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503458/quality-of-life-and-awareness-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-in-people-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#9
Sehi Kweon, Min Kyun Sohn, Jin Ok Jeong, Soojae Kim, Hyunkyu Jeon, Hyewon Lee, Seung-Chan Ahn, Soo Ho Park, Sungju Jee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), life satisfaction, and their present awareness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program in people with cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was completed by 53 patients (mean age, 65.7±11.6 years; 33 men and 20 women) with unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or heart failure. The questionnaire included the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36), life domain satisfaction measure (LDSM), and the awareness and degree of using CR program...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499519/association-between-sexual-problems-and-relationship-satisfaction-among-people-with-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Molly Byrne, Patrick Murphy, Maureen D'Eath, Sally Doherty, Tiny Jaarsma
BACKGROUND: Relationship satisfaction is generally positively correlated with sexual satisfaction, but this relation has been poorly examined in people with cardiovascular disease who are at increased risk of sexual problems compared with the general population. AIM: To document reported changes to sex after a diagnosis of cardiac disease and determine whether there is an association between sexual function and relationship satisfaction. METHODS: Semistructured telephone interviews focused on relationship satisfaction and sexual problems were conducted with 201 people with cardiovascular disease who were currently in a sexual relationship with one main partner and were recruited from six hospital cardiac rehabilitation centers in Ireland...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498869/the-effectiveness-of-modern-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-recent-observational-studies-in-non-attenders-versus-attenders
#11
Jennifer Sumner, Alexander Harrison, Patrick Doherty
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) have been challenged in recent years and there is now a need to investigate whether current CR programmes, delivered in the context of modern cardiology, still benefit patients. METHODS: A systematic review of non-randomised controlled studies was conducted. Electronic searches of Medline, Embase, CINAHL, science citation index (web of science), CIRRIE and Open Grey were undertaken. Non-randomised studies investigating the effects of CR were included when recruitment occurred from the year 2000 onwards in accordance with significant CR guidance changes from the late 1990's...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496030/underuse-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-workers-with-coronary-artery-disease%C3%A3-claims-database-survey-in-japan
#12
Natsuko Kanazawa, Kenji Ueshima, Shinjiro Tominari, Takeo Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Workers with coronary artery disease (CAD) require evidence-based care in order to return to work safely. We assessed the use of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) among workers with CAD, and identified the factors associated with CR use.Methods and Results:A retrospective cohort study based on data from a health insurance claims database was conducted. We identified workers aged ≥18 years who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) between 2006 and 2013, and reviewed the utilization of inpatient or outpatient CR...
May 11, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492794/exploring-vascular-function-biomarkers-implications-for-rehabilitation
#13
Shane A Phillips, Daniela Kuguimoto Andaku, Renata Gonçalves Mendes, Flávia Rossi Caruso, Ramona Cabiddu, Rodrigo Boemo Jaenisch, Ross Arena, Audrey Borghi-Silva
The endothelium plays an important role in maintaining vascular homeostasis and regulating blood vessel function. Endothelial function is considered an independent predictor for risk of future cardiovascular events in cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular patients, as well as a predictor for postoperative complications in cardiovascular surgery patients. Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation by high-resolution ultrasound is widely used to evaluate endothelium-dependent vasodilation, which is mainly mediated by nitric oxide release...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492563/-follow-up-strategies-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-prognostic-stratification-and-multidisciplinary-management-based-on-patient-risk-profile
#14
Giuseppe Musumeci, Pompilio Faggiano, Marco Ferlini, Corrado Lettieri, Battistina Castiglioni, Antonio Maggi, Fabrizio Negri, Paola Colombo, Fabrizio Oliva, Roberto F E Pedretti, Marco Centola, Roberta Rossini
The number of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is increasing worldwide. Follow-up strategies after PCI are extremely heterogeneous and can greatly affect the cost of medical care. In the present paper, practical advises are provided with respect to a tailored follow-up strategy on the basis of patients' risk profile. Clinical and interventional cardiologists, cardiac rehabilitators, and general practitioners equally contributed to the creation of the present document and defined three follow-up strategies and types and timing of clinical and instrumental evaluations in post-PCI patients...
January 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489725/dog-ownership-and-dog-walking-the-relationship-with-exercise-depression-and-hopelessness-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#15
Susan L Dunn, Michael Sit, Holli A DeVon, Devynn Makidon, Nathan L Tintle
BACKGROUND: Dog ownership has been associated with increased physical activity in the general adult population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine dog ownership and dog walking and their relationship with home-based and phase II cardiac rehabilitation exercise, depression, and hopelessness in patients with ischemic heart disease. METHODS: A total of 122 patients with ischemic heart disease were included in this prospective observational study...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487185/structures-processes-and-outcomes-of-the-aussie-heart-guide-program-a-nurse-mentor-supported-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-for-rural-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#16
Terence J Frohmader, Frances Lin, Wendy P Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation has a number of benefits for patients, yet participation in it is sub-optimal, especially in regional Australia. Innovative models of cardiac rehabilitation are needed to improve participation. Providing nurse mentors to support patients transitioning from hospital to home represents a new model of service delivery in Australia. OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of a home based cardiac rehabilitation program in assisting patients to recover from Acute Coronary Syndrome and meeting the expectations of nurse mentors delivering the program...
May 6, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486839/brugada-syndrome-and-the-story-of-dave
#17
Samira Kashinath Dhamapurkar, Barbara A Wilson, Anita Rose, Gerhard Florschutz
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a little known genetic condition that causes severe disturbances in cardiac rhythm and may result in sudden unexpected cardiac death in an apparently healthy person. The heart structure is typically normal but there are problems with electrical activity. The syndrome is named after Spanish brothers who are cardiologists, Pedro and Josep Brugada. BrS is the major cause of sudden unexplained death syndrome (SUDS), also known as sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS). Following a description of the syndrome, including its prevalence and incidence, how it is diagnosed and how it can be treated, we consider those who survive a cardiac arrest and what problems they may face...
May 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483262/lungs-donated-after-circulatory-death-and-prolonged-warm-ischemia-are-transplanted-successfully-after-enhanced-ex%C3%A2-vivo-lung-perfusion-using-adenosine-a2b-receptor-antagonism
#18
Eric J Charles, J Hunter Mehaffey, Ashish K Sharma, Yunge Zhao, Mark H Stoler, James M Isbell, Christine L Lau, Curtis G Tribble, Victor E Laubach, Irving L Kron
OBJECTIVE: The current supply of acceptable donor lungs is not sufficient for the number of patients awaiting transplantation. We hypothesized that ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) with targeted drug therapy would allow successful rehabilitation and transplantation of donation after circulatory death lungs exposed to 2 hours of warm ischemia. METHODS: Donor porcine lungs were procured after 2 hours of warm ischemia postcardiac arrest and subjected to 4 hours of cold preservation or EVLP...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479853/patient-satisfaction-with-cardiac-rehabilitation-association-with-utilization-functional-capacity-and-heart-health-behaviors
#19
Saba Ali, Caroline Chessex, Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) societies recommend assessment of patient satisfaction given its association with health care utilization and outcomes. Recently, the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC, Glasgow) was recommended as an appropriate tool for the CR setting. The objectives of this study were to 1) describe patient satisfaction with CR, 2) test the psychometric properties of the PACIC in the CR setting, and 3) assess the association of patient satisfaction with CR utilization and outcomes...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479729/ginger-treatment-ameliorates-alcohol-induced-myocardial-damage-by-suppression-of-hyperlipidemia-and-cardiac-biomarkers-in-rats
#20
Ganjikunta Venkata Subbaiah, Korivi Mallikarjuna, Bhasha Shanmugam, Sahukari Ravi, Patan Usnan Taj, Kesireddy Sathyavelu Reddy
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced hyperlipidemia is positively correlated with cardiovascular diseases. Several herbal extracts have been reported to protect the cardiac injury and suppress the hyperlipidemia. However, the effect of ginger extracts on alcohol-induced hyperlipidemia and associated myocardial damage remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the cardio-protective properties of ginger ethanolic extract (Gt) against alcohol-induced myocardial damage, and further distinguished the association between hyperlipidemia and occurrence of myocardial damage in rats...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
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