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Cardiac rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142155/modulation-of-high-density-lipoprotein-function-via-cardiac-rehabilitation
#1
Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Tatsuro Ishida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135717/traditional-versus-hybrid-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-comparison-of-patient-outcomes
#2
Jacqueline Gabelhouse, Neil Eves, Sherry L Grace, R Colin Reid, Cristina M Caperchione
PURPOSE: Due to the suboptimal uptake of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), alternative models have been proposed. This study compared the effectiveness of a traditional supervised program in a medical setting versus a hybrid CR model, where patients transition to unsupervised programming. METHODS: This was a prospective, 2-arm, nonrandomized study. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL), functional capacity, physical activity, diet, smoking, blood pressure, lipids, blood glucose, anthropometrics, and depressive symptoms were assessed before and after the 8-week program models...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135522/determinants-of-long-term-neurological-recovery-patterns-relative-to-hospital-discharge-among-cardiac-arrest-survivors
#3
Sachin Agarwal, Alex Presciutti, William Roth, Elizabeth Matthews, Ashley Rodriguez, David J Roh, Soojin Park, Jan Claassen, Ronald M Lazar
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors associated with neurological recovery at 1 year relative to hospital discharge after cardiac arrest. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective review of a prospectively collected cohort. SETTING: Medical or surgical ICUs in a single tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Older than 18 years, resuscitated following either in-hospital or out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and considered for targeted temperature management between 2007 and 2013...
November 10, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133181/national-trends-in-admission-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-a-myocardial-infarction-in-france-from-2010-to-2014
#4
Amélie Gabet, Christine De Peretti, Marie-Christine Iliou, Javier Nicolau, Valérie Olié
BACKGROUND: Follow-up care and rehabilitation services [soins de suite et réadaptation (SSR)], especially cardiac rehabilitation (CR), constitute a key stage for patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). AIMS: To study admission to SSR, especially for CR, among patients hospitalized for AMI in France in 2014, and its temporal trend between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: We used the French National Hospital Database to select patients hospitalized with a main diagnosis of AMI (identified by ICD-10 codes I21 to I23) in the first semester of each year from 2010 to 2014...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130585/exploring-patient-reported-outcomes-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#5
Darshini R Ayton, Anna L Barker, Geeske M E E Peeters, Danielle E Berkovic, Jeffrey Lefkovits, Angela Brennan, Sue Evans, John Zalcberg, Christopher Reid, Johannes Just Stoelwinder, John McNeil
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a common cardiac procedure used to treat obstructive coronary artery disease. Patient-centred care is a priority in cardiovascular health having been shown to increase patient satisfaction, engagement with rehabilitation activities and reduce anxiety. Evidence indicates that patient-centred care is best achieved by routine collection of patient-reported outcomes (PROs). However, existing patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have limited the patient involvement in their development...
November 12, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123621/a-hybrid-cardiac-rehabilitation-is-as-effective-as-a-hospital-based-program-in-reducing-chest-pain-intensity-and-discomfort
#6
Mozhgan Saeidi, Ali Soroush, Saeid Komasi, Puneetpal Singh
Background: Health care services effort to provide alternative cardiac rehabilitation (CR) models to serve patients according to their preferences and needs. So, the present study aimed to assess and compare the effects of hospital-based and hybrid CR programs on chest pain intensity and discomfort in cardiac surgery patients. Methods: In this prospective study, 110 cardiac surgery patients were invited to the CR department of a hospital in the western part of Iran between March and July 2016...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122147/physical-activity-and-psychosocial-function-following-cardiac-rehabilitation-one-year-follow-up-of-the-enhanced-study
#7
Patrick J Smith, Andrew Sherwood, Stephanie Mabe, Lana Watkins, Alan Hinderliter, James A Blumenthal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term association between physical activity (PA) and psychosocial functioning following completion of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) among participants in the ENHANCED study. METHOD: ENHANCED was a 3-month clinical trial examining standard CR with and without stress management training (SMT). Participants completed the Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (LTEQ), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) at baseline, 3- and 12-months after randomization...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120970/effect-of-smoking-status-on-exercise-perception-and-intentions-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-enrollment-among-patients-hospitalized-with-an-acute-cardiac-condition
#8
Hayden Riley, Samuel Headley, Christa Winter, Sara Mazur, Diann E Gaalema, Sarah Goff, Peter K Lindenauer, Quinn R Pack
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) attendance has been associated with higher smoking cessation (SC) rates. However, for unclear reasons, smokers are consistently less likely to enroll in CR than nonsmokers, and it is uncertain what might encourage them to attend. METHODS: We surveyed patients eligible for CR who were cigarette smokers at the time of hospital admission. We assessed patient intention to quit smoking, start exercising, and enroll in CR. We also measured anxiety and depression levels...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120967/life-values-as-an-intrinsic-guide-for-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-program-engagement-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
Jordan M Ellis, Matthew C Whited, John Taylor Freeman, Ansley T Corson, John Paul Jameson, Stacey Greenway, David M Sager, Emily P Midgette, Eliza V Varju
PURPOSE: Participation in cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation (CVPR) programs can lead to improved functional abilities and improved quality of life, but attendance and adherence to these programs remain suboptimal. Behavioral therapies have emphasized the importance of life value identification as a guide for goal setting and behavior change for both psychological and physical health conditions. Individuals who choose to engage in behaviors that align with their life values are thought to be intrinsically reinforced...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120237/does-service-timing-matter-for-psychological-outcomes-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-insights-from-the-national-audit-of-cardiac-rehabilitation
#10
Jennifer Sumner, Jan R Böhnke, Patrick Doherty
Background The presence of mental health conditions in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients such as anxiety and depression can lead to reduced programme adherence, increased mortality and increased re-occurrence of cardiovascular events undermining the aims and benefit of CR. Earlier research has identified a relationship between delayed commencement of CR and poorer physical activity outcomes. This study wished to explore whether a similar relationship between CR wait time and mental health outcomes can be found and to what degree participation in CR varies by mental health status...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119294/predictors-of-improvements-in-exercise-capacity-during-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-the-recovery-phase-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-versus-acute-myocardial-infarction
#11
Yuji Suzuki, Kenichi Ito, Kazuya Yamamoto, Noriyuki Fukui, Hidetoshi Yanagi, Kazufumi Kitagaki, Harumi Konishi, Tetsuo Arakawa, Michio Nakanishi, Yoichi Goto
This study aimed to elucidate the predictors of improvements in exercise capacity during cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in the recovery phase after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) versus acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We studied 152 patients (91 after AMI and 61 after CABG) who participated in a 3-month CR program. All patients underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test, blood tests, maximal quadriceps isometric strength (QIS) measurement, and bioelectrical impedance body composition measurement at the beginning and end of the 3-month CR program...
November 8, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116950/depression-and-anxiety-screening-and-triage-protocol-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs
#12
Heather Tulloch, Adam Heenan, Laura Cupper, Robert Pelletier, Pat OʼFarrell, Andrew Pipe
PURPOSE: Best practice guidelines for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) suggest routine screening for anxiety and depression, yet many patients are not screened nor do they receive mental health treatment. Protocols are required to identify those in need of care and to ensure that appropriate assistance is provided. METHODS: Consecutive patients entering CR in our setting from May 4, 2012, to May 3, 2013, completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). As per our Screening and Triage protocol for Anxiety and Depression (STAD), patients with high scores (≥16) were referred to a clinical psychologist; those with low scores (<8 for depression and <11 for anxiety) received information about community resources...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116949/couples-experiences-with-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-after-cardiac-rehabilitation
#13
Sheri A Rowland, Karen L Schumacher, Dee Dee Leinen, Brenda G Phillips, Paula S Schulz, Bernice C Yates
PURPOSE: Many cardiac patients discontinue heart-healthy eating and physical activity (PA) behaviors in the months following cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Involving the spouse in CR with the patient may be 1 strategy to increase the maintenance of these behaviors after CR. Assisting patients and spouses with the maintenance of healthy eating and PA behavior following CR begins with a better understanding of the couple-focused factors, impacting their experiences with these behaviors. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine couple-focused facilitators and barriers to maintaining changes in healthy eating and PA behavior from the perspectives of both cardiac patients and their spouses following phase 2 CR...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114529/rehabilitation-training-in-artificially-heated-environment
#14
Ping-Chung Leung
Sauna has become a popular club house facility where the dweller enjoys relaxation. Some exercise groups like yoga and Qigong practitioners, are making use of the heated environment to achieve quicker and better results of trainings. Sauna therapy is producing a thermal stress through hyperthermia. The cardiovascular system readily responds by increasing the heart rate which can become double the resting stage within minutes and cardiac output may have a 70% increase. The body's surface response to heat leads to a 40% of decrease in peripheral vascular resistance, thus allowing rapid peripheral blood flow which is responsible for greater heat dispersal directly from the skin...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108807/is-the-intensity-or-duration-of-treadmill-training-important-for-stroke-patients-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Sadegh Abbasian, Mahsa Rastegar Mm
BACKGROUND: Stroke, the third highest cause of death after cancer and cardiac diseases, is a strong cause of adult disability in most countries. Therefore, the aim of the current meta-analysis was to examine the most effective intensity and duration of treadmill training on motor performance in stroke subjects. METHODS: Suitable studies were recognized from January 1980 to July 2015 using PubMed as the main search engine. There were noticeable biases such as training intensity, training duration (≥2 weeks), relative training intensity, and Vo2max, which were controlled...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105515/implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-norwegian-ullevaal-model-as-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-in-primary-care
#16
Birgitta Blakstad Nilsson, Pernille Lunde, Inger Holm
PURPOSE: To describe the Norwegian Ullevaal model, customised for cardiac patients in primary care, and to evaluate the feasibility of the model through patient outcomes after the 12 week outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive interventional cohort study with pre-post design. Patients referred to cardiac rehabilitation (n = 273) were enrolled. Group-based high-intensity interval training was offered twice weekly. The primary outcome measure was change in peak oxygen uptake...
November 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104199/-surgical-treatment-for-myocardial-rerupture-after-repair-of-post-infarction-left-ventricular-free-wall-rupture
#17
Chikashi Aoki, Kengo Tani, Ryou Taguchi, Ryousuke Kowatari, Norihiro Kondo, Masahito Minakawa, Ikuo Fukuda
A 73-year-old man was admitted for cardiac tamponade by oozing type left ventricular free wall rupture associated with acute myocardial infarction. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated moderate pericardial effusion and the presence of pseudoaneurysm within posterior wall. He went into shock with a systolic blood pressure of 60 mmHg. After introducing percutaneous cardiopulmonary support and intraaortic balloon pump, the sutureless repair was performed immediately. After having rehabilitation for right-sided hemiparesis, an elective pseudoaneurysm repair was planned...
November 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101934/effect-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-dose-on-mortality-and-morbidity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#18
Carolina Santiago de Araújo Pio, Susan Marzolini, Maureen Pakosh, Sherry L Grace
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) dose (ie, duration × frequency/wk; categorized as low [<12 sessions], medium [12-35 sessions], or high [≥36 sessions]) on mortality and morbidity. METHODS: The Cochrane, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE databases were systematically searched from inception through November 30, 2015. Inclusion criteria included randomized or nonrandomized studies with a minimum CR dose of 4 or higher and presence of a control/comparison group...
November 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101493/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-austria
#19
Josef Niebauer
Cardiac rehabilitation is a class 1 level A indication for the treatment of cardiac diseases. In the following text, details and particularities of the Austrian system will be explained and discussed.
November 3, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100841/choice-of-health-options-in-prevention-of-cardiovascular-events-choice-replication-study
#20
Lis Neubeck, Ben Freedman, Nicole Lowres, Karice Hyun, Jessica Orchard, Tom Briffa, Adrian Bauman, Kris Rogers, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: Globally, attendance at cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is between 15 and 30%. Alternative models of individualised care are recommended to promote participation in CR, however there has been no prospective testing of different durations of such models. We aimed to replicate the previously proven Choice of Health Options In prevention of Cardiovascular Events (CHOICE) intervention, and to determine if an extended version (CHOICEplus) would confer additional benefits. METHODS: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) survivors not accessing centre-based CR (n=203) were randomised to CHOICE for 3 months (n=100) or CHOICEplus for 24 months (n=103) at four urban hospitals...
October 20, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
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