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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193230/analysis-of-the-policymaking-process-in-burkina-faso-s-health-sector-case-studies-of-the-creation-of-two-health-system-support-units
#1
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat, Jessica Shearer
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso has made a number of health system policy decisions to improve performance on health indicators and strengthen responsiveness to health-related challenges. These included the creation of a General Directorate of Health Information and Statistics (DGISS) and a technical unit to coordinate performance-based financing (CT-FBR). We analysed the policymaking processes associated with the establishment of these units, and documented the factors that influenced this process...
February 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178979/managed-care-and-inpatient-mortality-in-adults-effect-of-primary-payer
#2
Anika L Hines, Susan O Raetzman, Marguerite L Barrett, Ernest Moy, Roxanne M Andrews
BACKGROUND: Because managed care is increasingly prevalent in health care finance and delivery, it is important to ascertain its effects on health care quality relative to that of fee-for-service plans. Some stakeholders are concerned that basing gatekeeping, provider selection, and utilization management on cost may lower quality of care. To date, research on this topic has been inconclusive, largely because of variation in research methods and covariates. Patient age has been the only consistently evaluated outcome predictor...
February 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152760/patients-as-partners-in-managing-cancer-treatment-related-toxicity
#3
Kathy Vu, Meaghan Wright, Colleen Fox, Noor Ahmad, Vicky Simanovski, Leonard Kaizer, Monika K Krzyzanowska
: 215 Background: Cancer Care Ontario is the government agency responsible for improving cancer services across Ontario's 14 regions. To promote advances in best practices related to systemic treatment, Cancer Care Ontario hosts annual Systemic Treatment Safety Symposia, which serve as a platform to discuss quality and safety issues and results of quality improvement (QI) initiatives in alignment with the Systemic Treatment Provincial Plan. For the first time, the 2015 Symposium brought together patients and providers to discuss gaps and opportunities for improvement in relation to toxicity management (TM) during chemotherapy...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151946/impact-of-publicly-financed-health-insurance-schemes-on-healthcare-utilization-and-financial-risk-protection-in-india-a-systematic-review
#4
Shankar Prinja, Akashdeep Singh Chauhan, Anup Karan, Gunjeet Kaur, Rajesh Kumar
Several publicly financed health insurance schemes have been launched in India with the aim of providing universalizing health coverage (UHC). In this paper, we report the impact of publicly financed health insurance schemes on health service utilization, out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure, financial risk protection and health status. Empirical research studies focussing on the impact or evaluation of publicly financed health insurance schemes in India were searched on PubMed, Google scholar, Ovid, Scopus, Embase and relevant websites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139461/slovakia-health-system-review
#5
Martin Smatana, Peter Pazitny, Daniela Kandilaki, Michaela Laktisova, Darina Sedlakova, Monika Paluskova, Ewout van Ginneken, Anne Spranger
This analysis of the Slovak health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health-care provision, health reforms and health system performance. The health care system in Slovakia is based on universal coverage, compulsory health insurance, a basic benefit package and a competitive insurance model with selective contracting of health care providers. Containment of health spending became a major policy goal after the 2008 financial crisis. Health spending stabilized after 2010 but remains well below European averages...
November 2016: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130272/life-science-professional-societies-expand-undergraduate-education-efforts
#6
Marsha Lakes Matyas, Elizabeth A Ruedi, Katie Engen, Amy L Chang
The Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education reports cite the critical role of professional societies in undergraduate life science education and, since 2008, have called for the increased involvement of professional societies in support of undergraduate education. Our study explored the level of support being provided by societies for undergraduate education and documented changes in support during the Vision and Change era. Society representatives responded to a survey on programs, awards, meetings, membership, teaching resources, publications, staffing, finances, evaluation, and collaborations that address undergraduate faculty and students...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122408/personal-goals-and-factors-related-to-qol-in-dutch-homeless-people-what-is-the-role-of-goal-related-self-efficacy
#7
Jorien van der Laan, Sandra N Boersma, Barbara van Straaten, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen, Judith R L M Wolf
Very little is known about the personal goals of homeless people and how these relate to their quality of life (QoL). By using survey data on 407 homeless adults upon entry to the social relief system in 2011, we examined the personal goals of homeless adults and the association between their perceived goal-related self-efficacy and their QoL. A hierarchical regression analysis was used to analyse the association between QoL and goal-related self-efficacy, relative to factors contributing to QoL, such as demographic characteristics, socioeconomic resources, health and service use...
January 25, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114002/stc-a-simple-to-complex-framework-for-weakly-supervised-semantic-segmentation
#8
Yunchao Wei, Xiaodan Liang, Yunpeng Chen, Xiaohui Shen, Ming-Ming Cheng, Jiashi Feng, Yao Zhao, Shuicheng Yan
Recently, significant improvement has been made on semantic object segmentation due to the development of deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs). Training such a DCNN usually relies on a large number of images with pixel-level segmentation masks, and annotating these images is very costly in terms of both finance and human effort. In this paper, we propose a simple to complex (STC) framework in which only image-level annotations are utilized to learn DCNNs for semantic segmentation. Specifically, we first train an initial segmentation network called Initial-DCNN with the saliency maps of simple images (i...
December 6, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111351/beauty-premium-event-related-potentials-evidence-of-how-physical-attractiveness-matters-in-online-peer-to-peer-lending
#9
Jia Jin, Bonai Fan, Shenyi Dai, Qingguo Ma
Although it is well known that attractiveness-based impressions affect the labor market, election outcomes and many other social activities, little is known about the role physical attractiveness plays in financial transactions. With the development of online finance, peer-to-peer lending has become one of the most important ways in which businesses or individuals raise capital. However, because of information asymmetry, the lender must decide whether or not to lend money to a stranger based on limited information, resulting in their decision being influenced by many other factors...
January 19, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101824/empirically-derived-weights-for-gms-capitation-payments-to-general-practitioners
#10
B McElroy
AIM: Unlike other weighted capitation schemes used in Irish health service financing and in health systems internationally, the GMS capitation payments scheme for General Practitioners lacks transparency in both the data used and the model employed. In this study, evidence-based weights were generated and compared to current payment weights. METHODS: Four datasets on GP utilisation were interrogated. RESULTS: Evidence-based weights indicated that over 70s had higher payments per consultation than other groups...
January 18, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#11
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068361/the-use-of-mixed-effects-models-for-obtaining-low-cost-ecosystem-carbon-stock-estimates-in-mangroves-of-the-asia-pacific
#12
Jacob J Bukoski, Jeremy S Broadhead, Daniel C Donato, Daniel Murdiyarso, Timothy G Gregoire
Mangroves provide extensive ecosystem services that support local livelihoods and international environmental goals, including coastal protection, biodiversity conservation and the sequestration of carbon (C). While voluntary C market projects seeking to preserve and enhance forest C stocks offer a potential means of generating finance for mangrove conservation, their implementation faces barriers due to the high costs of quantifying C stocks through field inventories. To streamline C quantification in mangrove conservation projects, we develop predictive models for (i) biomass-based C stocks, and (ii) soil-based C stocks for the mangroves of the Asia-Pacific...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049495/the-link-between-the-west-african-ebola-outbreak-and-health-systems-in-guinea-liberia-and-sierra-leone-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Haitham Shoman, Emilie Karafillakis, Salman Rawaf
BACKGROUND: An Ebola outbreak started in December 2013 in Guinea and spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone in 2014. The health systems in place in the three countries lacked the infrastructure and the preparation to respond to the outbreak quickly and the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a public health emergency of international concern on August 8 2014. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of health systems' organisation and performance on the West African Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone and lessons learned...
January 4, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049466/cost-benefit-analysis-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-the-perspective-of-nigerian-community-pharmacists
#14
Ifeoma Jovita Ezennia, Sunday Odunke Nduka, Obinna Ikechukwu Ekwunife
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization issued a guideline that calls for a shift from presumptive to test-based treatment. However, test-based treatment is still unpopular in community pharmacies. This could be due to unwillingness of customers to spend extra finance on rapid diagnostic test (RDT). It could also result from lack of interest from community pharmacists since they may perceive no financial gain attached to this service. This study assessed the cost-benefit of test-based malaria treatment to community pharmacists...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029541/funding-gap-for-immunization-across-94-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Sachiko Ozawa, Simrun Grewal, Allison Portnoy, Anushua Sinha, Richard Arilotta, Meghan L Stack, Logan Brenzel
Novel vaccine development and production has given rise to a growing number of vaccines that can prevent disease and save lives. In order to realize these health benefits, it is essential to ensure adequate immunization financing to enable equitable access to vaccines for people in all communities. This analysis estimates the full immunization program costs, projected available financing, and resulting funding gap for 94 low- and middle-income countries over five years (2016-2020). Vaccine program financing by country governments, Gavi, and other development partners was forecasted for vaccine, supply chain, and service delivery, based on an analysis of comprehensive multi-year plans together with a series of scenario and sensitivity analyses...
October 28, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999229/continuous-professional-development-and-health-sector-governance-in-egypt
#16
Rita Maria Ferrelli, Dolores Mattossovich, Mervat El-Seweify, Nabil Dowidar
The Authors present the main activities and results of a Project financed by the Italian-Egyptian Debt Swap Agreement (IEDDS/DS) of the Italian Development Cooperation to repay public debt. The Health Governance Project operated within the Egyptian health reform paradigm and aimed at producing evidence for policy makers to direct and reorient the health sector and service management. It developed along three phases: i) preparatory training of trainers, ii) training in health governance according to modern andragogic methods, such as problem-based learning, iii) following implementation...
October 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993960/patterns-of-informal-patient-payments-in-bulgaria-hungary-and-ukraine-a-comparison-across-countries-years-and-type-of-services
#17
Tetiana Stepurko, Milena Pavlova, Irena Gryga, Péter Gaál, Wim Groot
Informal payments for health care are a well-known phenomenon in many health care systems around the world. While informal payments could be an important source of health care financing, they have an adverse impact on efficiency and access to care, and are a major impediment to ongoing health care reforms. This paper aims to study the scale and patterns of informal patient payments for out-patient and in-patient services in three former-socialist countries: Bulgaria, Hungary and Ukraine. The data are collected in 2010 and 2011 based on national representative samples and are analysed in pooled models to explain variations in payments...
December 19, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992327/stc-a-simple-to-complex-framework-for-weakly-supervised-semantic-segmentation
#18
Yunchao Wei, Xiaodan Liang, Yunpeng Chen, Xiaohui Shen, Ming-Ming Cheng, Jiashi Feng, Yao Zhao, Shuicheng Yan
Recently, significant improvement has been made on semantic object segmentation due to the development of deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs). Training such a DCNN usually relies on a large number of images with pixel-level segmentation masks, and annotating these images is very costly in terms of both finance and human effort. In this paper, we propose a simple to complex (STC) framework in which only image-level annotations are utilized to learn DCNNs for semantic segmentation. Specifically, we first train an initial segmentation network called Initial-DCNN with the saliency maps of simple images (i...
December 6, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977655/financing-the-canterbury-health-system-post-disaster
#19
Matthew Reid, Ramon Pink
The Canterbury Health System has invested substantially in its transformation to a patient-centred, integrated system, enabling improved performance despite the significant and long-term impacts of the Christchurch earthquakes in 2010 and 2011. Questions have been raised about whether this transformation is sustainable and affordable. We argue that there is a need for a post-disaster health funding strategy that takes into account the challenge of following population movements after a large natural disaster, and higher costs resulting from the disruption and the effect on the population...
December 16, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929508/development-of-a-universal-medical-x-ray-imaging-phantom-prototype
#20
Annemari Groenewald, Willem A Groenewald
Diagnostic X-ray imaging depends on the maintenance of image quality that allows for proper diagnosis of medical conditions. Maintenance of image quality requires quality assurance programs on the various X-ray modalities, which consist of pro-jection radiography (including mobile X-ray units), fluoroscopy, mammography, and computed tomography (CT) scanning. Currently a variety of modality-specific phantoms are used to perform quality assurance (QA) tests. These phantoms are not only expensive, but suitably trained personnel are needed to successfully use them and interpret the results...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
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