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Results-Based Financing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298339/can-we-expect-results-based-financing-to-improve-quality-of-care
#1
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March 15, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297296/development-of-a-universal-medical-x-ray-imaging-phantom-prototype
#2
Annemari Groenewald, Willem A Groenewald
Diagnostic X-ray imaging depends on the maintenance of image quality that allows for proper diagnosis of medical conditions. Maintenance of image quality requires quality assurance programs on the various X-ray modalities, which consist of projection radiography (including mobile X-ray units), fluoroscopy, mammography, and computed tomography (CT) scanning. Currently a variety of modality-specific phantoms are used to perform quality assurance (QA) tests. These phantoms are not only expensive, but suitably trained personnel are needed to successfully use them and interpret the results...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290828/-assessment-of-the-possibility-of-comparing-mortality-rates-from-diseases-of-the-circulatory-system-in-the-united-states-and-russia
#3
S A Boytsov, E M Andreev, I V Samorodskaya
OBJECTIVE: to compare and discuss causes of differences between standardized mortality rates (SMR) from diseases of the circulatory system (DCS) among men and women older than 50 years in Russia and USA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on mortality rate in the USA were taken from WHO mortality database (WHO MD), those on the USA population by 5-years age bands from Human Mortality Database (HMD). Information on mortality rates in Russia was obtained from Rosstat. In analysis we used age-adjusted death rates and SMR for DCS or ages more or equal 50 years...
January 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288637/exploring-implementation-practices-in-results-based-financing-the-case-of-the-verification-in-benin
#4
Matthieu Antony, Maria Paola Bertone, Olivier Barthes
BACKGROUND: Results-based financing (RBF) has been introduced in many countries across Africa and a growing literature is building around the assessment of their impact. These studies are usually quantitative and often silent on the paths and processes through which results are achieved and on the wider health system effects of RBF. To address this gap, our study aims at exploring the implementation of an RBF pilot in Benin, focusing on the verification of results. METHODS: The study is based on action research carried out by authors involved in the pilot as part of the agency supporting the RBF implementation in Benin...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283145/implementing-health-financing-reforms-in-africa-perspectives-of-health-system-stewards
#5
Tom Achoki, Abaleng Lesego
BACKGROUND: A majority of health systems in the sub-Saharan Africa region are faced with multiple competing priorities amid pressing resource constraints. Health financing reforms, characterized by expansion of health insurance coverage, have been proposed as promising in the quest to improve health sustainably. However, in many countries where these measures are being attempted, their broader implications have not been fully appreciated. METHODS: This study was based on perspectives of 37 health system stewards from Botswana who were interviewed in order to understand opportunities and challenges that would result in the quest to expand health insurance coverage in the country...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260337/-analysis-on-funds-application-of-community-based-organizations-involved-in-hiv-aids-response-and-government-financial-investment-in-china-2014
#6
G Zhang, Y X Zhu, P Wang, P Liu, J F Li, S Sha, W Z Yang, H Li
Objective: To understand the government financial investments to community based organizations (CBO) involved in HIV/AIDS Control and Prevention of China and its influencing factors. Methods: Questionnaire of the situation of CBO involved in HIV/AIDS control and prevention were designed, and filled by the staff of Provincial Health Administrative Departments of 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities). The research focused on the fields of CBO involved in HIV/AIDS response in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), including intervention on HIV/AIDS high risk population (female sex worker (FSW), man who sex with man (MSM), drug user (DU) and case management and care for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH))...
March 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253872/midwestern-latino-caregivers-knowledge-attitudes-and-sense-making-of-the-oral-health-etiology-prevention-and-barriers-that-inhibit-their-children-s-oral-health-a-cbpr-approach
#7
Kimberly K Walker, E Angeles Martínez-Mier, Armando E Soto-Rojas, Richard D Jackson, Sarah M Stelzner, Lorena C Galvez, Gabriela J Smith, Miriam Acevedo, Laura Dandelet, Dulce Vega
BACKGROUND: Using community-based participatory research, the Health Protection Model was used to understand the cultural experiences, attitudes, knowledge and behaviors surrounding caries etiology, its prevention and barriers to accessing oral health care for children of Latino parents residing in Central Indiana. METHODS: A community reference group (CBPR) was established and bi-lingual community research associates were used to conduct focus groups comprised of Latino caregivers...
March 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250038/developing-a-relevant-taxonomy-to-assess-dental-school-clinic-patient-complaints
#8
Janine M Fredericks-Younger, Marisa L Handelman-Yellin, Jill A York
The aims of this study were to categorize and analyze the most frequent patient complaints at the Rutgers School of Dental Medicine (RSDM) clinic in an effort to identify areas in need of improvement. A retrospective review of patient complaints reported to the RSDM Office for Clinical Affairs from July 1, 2011 to June 30, 2015 was conducted. A total of 148 unduplicated patients were selected for evaluation because they made at least one official complaint. In total, 193 patient complaints were made during this period...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245877/incentives-to-change-effects-of-performance-based-financing-on-health-workers-in-zambia
#9
Gordon C Shen, Ha Thi Hong Nguyen, Ashis Das, Nkenda Sachingongu, Collins Chansa, Jumana Qamruddin, Jed Friedman
BACKGROUND: Performance-based financing (PBF) has been implemented in a number of countries with the aim of transforming health systems and improving maternal and child health. This paper examines the effect of PBF on health workers' job satisfaction, motivation, and attrition in Zambia. It uses a randomized intervention/control design to evaluate before-after changes for three groups: intervention (PBF) group, control 1 (C1; enhanced financing) group, and control 2 (C2; pure control) group...
February 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242864/financing-of-pediatric-home-health-care
#10
Edwin Simpser, Mark L Hudak
Pediatric home health care is an effective and holistic venue of treatment of children with medical complexity or developmental disabilities who otherwise may experience frequent and/or prolonged hospitalizations or who may enter chronic institutional care. Demand for pediatric home health care is increasing while the provider base is eroding, primarily because of inadequate payment or restrictions on benefits. As a result, home care responsibilities assumed by family caregivers have increased and imposed financial, physical, and psychological burdens on the family...
February 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241757/is-the-timing-of-radiological-intervention-and-treatment-day-associated-with-economic-outcomes-in-drg-financed-health-care-systems-a-case-study
#11
Christoph Napierala, Stefan Boes
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Switzerland has introduced a diagnosis related group (DRG) system for hospital financing to increase the efficiency and transparency of hospital services and to reduce costs. However, little is known about the efficiency of specific processes within hospitals. The objective of this study is to describe the relationship between timing of radiological interventions, in particular scan and treatment day, and the length of stay (LOS) compliance in a hospital. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study based on administrative records of all DRG cases in a Swiss university hospital in 2013, enriched by data from the radiology information system and accounting details...
February 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239634/dataset-for-an-analysis-of-communicative-aspects-of-finance
#12
Natalya Zavyalova
The article describes a step-by-step strategy for designing a universal comprehensive vision of a vast majority of financial research topics. The strategy is focused around the analysis of the retrieval results of the word processing system Serelex which is based on the semantic similarity measure. While designing a research topic, scientists usually employ their individual background. They rely in most cases on their individual assumptions and hypotheses. The strategy, introduced in the article, highlights the method of identifying components of semantic maps which can lead to a better coverage of any scientific topic under analysis...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#13
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222194/forecasting-outpatient-visits-using-empirical-mode-decomposition-coupled-with-back-propagation-artificial-neural-networks-optimized-by-particle-swarm-optimization
#14
Daizheng Huang, Zhihui Wu
Accurately predicting the trend of outpatient visits by mathematical modeling can help policy makers manage hospitals effectively, reasonably organize schedules for human resources and finances, and appropriately distribute hospital material resources. In this study, a hybrid method based on empirical mode decomposition and back-propagation artificial neural networks optimized by particle swarm optimization is developed to forecast outpatient visits on the basis of monthly numbers. The data outpatient visits are retrieved from January 2005 to December 2013 and first obtained as the original time series...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193230/analysis-of-the-policymaking-process-in-burkina-faso-s-health-sector-case-studies-of-the-creation-of-two-health-system-support-units
#15
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat, Jessica Shearer
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso has made a number of health system policy decisions to improve performance on health indicators and strengthen responsiveness to health-related challenges. These included the creation of a General Directorate of Health Information and Statistics (DGISS) and a technical unit to coordinate performance-based financing (CT-FBR). We analysed the policymaking processes associated with the establishment of these units, and documented the factors that influenced this process...
February 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178979/managed-care-and-inpatient-mortality-in-adults-effect-of-primary-payer
#16
Anika L Hines, Susan O Raetzman, Marguerite L Barrett, Ernest Moy, Roxanne M Andrews
BACKGROUND: Because managed care is increasingly prevalent in health care finance and delivery, it is important to ascertain its effects on health care quality relative to that of fee-for-service plans. Some stakeholders are concerned that basing gatekeeping, provider selection, and utilization management on cost may lower quality of care. To date, research on this topic has been inconclusive, largely because of variation in research methods and covariates. Patient age has been the only consistently evaluated outcome predictor...
February 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152760/patients-as-partners-in-managing-cancer-treatment-related-toxicity
#17
Kathy Vu, Meaghan Wright, Colleen Fox, Noor Ahmad, Vicky Simanovski, Leonard Kaizer, Monika K Krzyzanowska
215 Background: Cancer Care Ontario is the government agency responsible for improving cancer services across Ontario's 14 regions. To promote advances in best practices related to systemic treatment, Cancer Care Ontario hosts annual Systemic Treatment Safety Symposia, which serve as a platform to discuss quality and safety issues and results of quality improvement (QI) initiatives in alignment with the Systemic Treatment Provincial Plan. For the first time, the 2015 Symposium brought together patients and providers to discuss gaps and opportunities for improvement in relation to toxicity management (TM) during chemotherapy...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151946/impact-of-publicly-financed-health-insurance-schemes-on-healthcare-utilization-and-financial-risk-protection-in-india-a-systematic-review
#18
Shankar Prinja, Akashdeep Singh Chauhan, Anup Karan, Gunjeet Kaur, Rajesh Kumar
Several publicly financed health insurance schemes have been launched in India with the aim of providing universalizing health coverage (UHC). In this paper, we report the impact of publicly financed health insurance schemes on health service utilization, out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure, financial risk protection and health status. Empirical research studies focussing on the impact or evaluation of publicly financed health insurance schemes in India were searched on PubMed, Google scholar, Ovid, Scopus, Embase and relevant websites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139461/slovakia-health-system-review
#19
Martin Smatana, Peter Pazitny, Daniela Kandilaki, Michaela Laktisova, Darina Sedlakova, Monika Paluskova, Ewout van Ginneken, Anne Spranger
This analysis of the Slovak health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health-care provision, health reforms and health system performance. The health care system in Slovakia is based on universal coverage, compulsory health insurance, a basic benefit package and a competitive insurance model with selective contracting of health care providers. Containment of health spending became a major policy goal after the 2008 financial crisis. Health spending stabilized after 2010 but remains well below European averages...
November 2016: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130272/life-science-professional-societies-expand-undergraduate-education-efforts
#20
Marsha Lakes Matyas, Elizabeth A Ruedi, Katie Engen, Amy L Chang
The Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education reports cite the critical role of professional societies in undergraduate life science education and, since 2008, have called for the increased involvement of professional societies in support of undergraduate education. Our study explored the level of support being provided by societies for undergraduate education and documented changes in support during the Vision and Change era. Society representatives responded to a survey on programs, awards, meetings, membership, teaching resources, publications, staffing, finances, evaluation, and collaborations that address undergraduate faculty and students...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
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