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Performance-Based Financing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633056/exploratory-analysis-of-normative-performance-on-the-ucsd-performance-based-skills-assessment-brief
#1
Lea Vella, Thomas L Patterson, Philip D Harvey, Margaret McNamara McClure, Brent T Mausbach, Michael J Taylor, Elizabeth W Twamley
The UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA) is a performance-based measure of functional capacity. The brief, two-domain (finance and communication ability) version of the assessment (UPSA-B) is now widely used in both clinical research and treatment trials. To date, research has not examined possible demographic-UPSA-B relationships within a non-psychiatric population. We aimed to produce and describe preliminary normative scores for the UPSA-B over a full range of ages and educational attainment. The finance and communication subscales of the UPSA were administered to 190 healthy participants in the context of three separate studies...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617216/the-effect-of-performance-based-financing-on-maternal-healthcare-use-in-burundi-a-two-wave-pooled-cross-sectional-analysis
#2
Martin Rudasingwa, Robert Soeters, Olivier Basenya
BACKGROUND: Several developing countries, especially in Africa, have implemented performance-based financing (PBF) schemes with the aim of improving healthcare provision. PBF was first implemented in Burundi in 2006 as a pilot programme in three provinces and was rolled out nationwide in 2010. OBJECTIVE: To enrich existing studies on Burundi in three ways. Firstly, by evaluating the effect of PBF on maternal care at primary and hospital levels; secondly, on the possession of maternity logbooks for maternal care records; and thirdly, how the amount of subsidies influences healthcare outputs...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612643/survey-of-irish-general-practitioners-preferences-for-continuing-professional-development
#3
B Maher, R O'Neill, A Faruqui, C Bergin, M Horgan, D Bennett, C M P O'Tuathaigh
BACKGROUND: Doctors' continuing professional development (CPD) training needs are known to be strongly influenced by national and local contextual characteristics. Given the changing national demographic profile and government-mandated changes to primary care health care provision, this study aimed to investigate Irish General Practitioners' (GPs) perceptions of, and preferences for, current and future CPD programmes. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire, using closed- and open-ended questions, was administered to Irish GPs, focusing on training needs analysis; CPD course content; preferred format and the learning environment...
June 14, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599810/comparative-cost-benefit-analysis-of-tele-homecare-for-community-dwelling-elderly-in-japan-non-government-versus-government-supported-funding-models
#4
Miki Akiyama, Chon Abraham
OBJECTIVE: Tele-homecare is gaining prominence as a viable care alternative, as evidenced by the increase in financial support from international governments to fund initiatives in their respective countries. The primary reason for the funding is to support efforts to reduce lags and increase capacity in access to care as well as to promote preventive measures that can avert costly emergent issues from arising. These efforts are especially important to super-aged and aging societies such as in Japan, many European countries, and the United States (US)...
August 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599364/the-true-costs-of-participatory-sanitation-evidence-from-community-led-total-sanitation-studies-in-ghana-and-ethiopia
#5
Jonny Crocker, Darren Saywell, Katherine F Shields, Pete Kolsky, Jamie Bartram
Evidence on sanitation and hygiene program costs is used for many purposes. The few studies that report costs use top-down costing methods that are inaccurate and inappropriate. Community-led total sanitation (CLTS) is a participatory behavior-change approach that presents difficulties for cost analysis. We used implementation tracking and bottom-up, activity-based costing to assess the process, program costs, and local investments for four CLTS interventions in Ghana and Ethiopia. Data collection included implementation checklists, surveys, and financial records review...
June 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596798/work-related-floors-as-injury-hazards-a-nationwide-pilot-project-analyzing-floors-in-theatres-and-education-establishments-in-germany
#6
Eileen M Wanke, Mike Schmidt, Doris Klingelhöfer, Jeremy Leslie-Spinks, Daniela Ohlendorf, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: An adequate dance floor is said to prevent injuries. On the basis of scientific research, numerous recommendations regarding an adequate dance floor have been developed. Up to the present, however, studies have still been lacking into how far these recommendations have already been implemented in theatres with regular dance productions and/or in-house dance ensembles. The aim of this study is to analyze a nationwide survey on dance floors of theatres and education establishments in Germany...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595576/perceptions-of-quality-across-the-maternal-care-continuum-in-the-context-of-a-health-financing-intervention-evidence-from-a-mixed-methods-study-in-rural-malawi
#7
Christabel Kambala, Julia Lohmann, Jacob Mazalale, Stephan Brenner, Malabika Sarker, Adamson S Muula, Manuela De Allegri
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Malawi with its development partners introduced a Results-Based Financing for Maternal and Newborn Health (RBF4MNH) intervention to improve the quality of maternal and newborn health-care services. Financial incentives are awarded to health facilities conditional on their performance and to women for delivering in the health facility. We assessed the effect of the RBF4MNH on quality of care from women's perspectives. METHODS: We used a mixed-method prospective sequential controlled pre- and post-test design...
June 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571667/the-role-of-the-european-structural-and-investment-funds-in-financing-health-system-in-lithuania-experience-from-2007-to-2013-funding-period-and-implications-for-the-future
#8
Liubove Murauskiene, Marina Karanikolos
European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) are a major source of investments in the newer EU member states. In Lithuania's health sector, the amount for the 2007-2013 funding period reached more than €400 million. In this paper we aim to (i) identify the key areas in the health sector which were supported by ESIF, (ii) determine the extent to which ESIF assisted the implementation of the ongoing health system reform; and (iii) assess whether the use of funds has led to expected improvements in healthcare...
May 10, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562307/the-eye-of-the-beholder-a-discussion-of-value-and-quality-from-the-perspective-of-families-of-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#9
Betsy Anderson, Julie Beckett, Nora Wells, Meg Comeau
There is broad agreement that increasing the cost-effectiveness and quality of health care services, thereby achieving greater value, is imperative given this country's current spiraling costs and poor health outcomes. However, how individuals or stakeholder groups define value may differ significantly. Discussion of value in the context of health care, in particular value-based purchasing and value-based insurance design, must acknowledge that there is no universal consensus definition as to what constitutes value...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549142/how-do-performance-based-financing-programmes-measure-quality-of-care-a-descriptive-analysis-of-68-quality-checklists-from-28-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Erik Josephson, Jessica Gergen, Martha Coe, Samantha Ski, Supriya Madhavan, Sebastian Bauhoff
This paper seeks to systematically describe the length and content of quality checklists used in performance-based financing programmes, their similarities and differences, and how checklists have evolved over time. We compiled a list of supply-side, health facility-based performance-based financing (PBF) programmes in low- and lower middle-income countries based on a document review. We then solicited PBF manuals and quality checklists from implementers and donors of these PBF mechanisms. We entered each indicator from each quality checklist into a database verbatim in English, and translated into English from French where appropriate, and categorized each indicator according to the Donabedian framework and an author-derived categorization...
May 26, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504224/denmark-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#11
Hans-Henrik Tilsted, Ole Ahlehoff, Christian J Terkelsen, Frants Pedersen, Cengiz Özcan, Troels H Jørgensen, Jens E Nielsen-Kudsk, Jan Ravkilde, Henrik Nissen, Sune A Pedersen, Ole Havndrup, Jens F Lassen
Interventional cardiology in Denmark has been carried out since the mid 1980s. Interventional cardiology is only performed at a few high-volume centres. Healthcare coverage is universal and is essentially free of charge. Hospitals are mostly publicly owned and financed by fixed budgets and, in part, an activity-based funding system. Approximately 30,000 coronary angiographies (CAG), 10,000 percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) of which approximately 25% are primary PCIs, and 500 transcatheter aortic valve implantations (TAVIs) are carried out each year...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486688/risk-of-diabetes-according-to-male-factor-infertility-a-register-based-cohort-study
#12
Clara Helene Glazer, Jens Peter Bonde, Aleksander Giwercman, Ditte Vassard, Anja Pinborg, Lone Schmidt, Elvira Vaclavik Bräuner
STUDY QUESTION: Is male factor infertility associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The study provides evidence that male factor infertility may predict later occurrence of diabetes mellitus with the risk being related to the severity of the underlying fertility problem. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous cross-sectional studies have shown an increased prevalence of comorbidities among infertile men when compared to controls...
May 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485716/the-former-yugoslav-republic-of-macedonia-health-system-review
#13
Neda Milevska Kostova, Snezhana Chichevalieva, Ninez A Ponce, Ewout van Ginneken, Juliane Winkelmann
This analysis of the health system of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health care provision, health reforms and health system performance. The country has made important progress during its transition from a socialist system to a market-based system, particularly in reforming the organization, financing and delivery of health care and establishing a mix of private and public providers. Though total health care expenditure has risen in absolute terms in recent decades, it has consistently fallen as share of GDP, and high levels of private health expenditure remain...
May 2017: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469840/do-the-equity-efficiency-preferences-of-the-israeli-basket-committee-match-those-of-israeli-health-policy-makers
#14
Amir Shmueli
BACKGROUND: Prioritization of medical technologies requires a multi-dimensional view. Often, conflicting equity and efficiency criteria should be reconciled. The most dramatic manifestation of such conflict is in the prioritization of new medical technologies asking for public finance performed yearly by the Israeli Basket Committee. The aim of this paper is to compare the revealed preferences of the 2006/7 Basket Committee's members with the declared preferences of health policy-makers in Israel...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459045/re-engineering-alzheimer-clinical-trials-global-alzheimer-s-platform-network
#15
J Cummings, P Aisen, R Barton, J Bork, R Doody, J Dwyer, J C Egan, H Feldman, D Lappin, L Truyen, S Salloway, R Sperling, G Vradenburg
Alzheimer's disease (AD) drug development is costly, time-consuming, and inefficient. Trial site functions, trial design, and patient recruitment for trials all require improvement. The Global Alzheimer Platform (GAP) was initiated in response to these challenges. Four GAP work streams evolved in the US to address different trial challenges: 1) registry-to-cohort web-based recruitment; 2) clinical trial site activation and site network construction (GAP-NET); 3) adaptive proof-of-concept clinical trial design; and 4) finance and fund raising...
June 2016: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457940/road-to-the-future-priorities-for-child-health-services-research
#16
REVIEW
Gerry Fairbrother, Denise Dougherty, Rosina Pradhananga, Lisa A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Prior health services research (HSR) agendas for children have been published, but major ones are now over 15 years old and do not reflect augmented understanding of the drivers and determinants of children's health; recent changes in the organization, financing, and delivery of health care; a growing emphasis on population health; and major demographic shifts in the population. A policy-relevant research agenda that integrates knowledge gained over the past two decades is essential to guide future child HSR (CHSR)...
April 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452651/physicians-and-nurses-attitudes-towards-performance-based-financial-incentives-in-burundi-a-qualitative-study-in-the-province-of-gitega
#17
Martin Rudasingwa, Marie Rose Uwizeye
BACKGROUND: Performance-based financing (PBF) was first implemented in Burundi in 2006 as a pilot programme in three provinces and was rolled out nationwide in 2010. PBF is a reform approach to improve the quality, quantity, and equity of health services and aims at achieving universal health coverage. It focuses on how to best motivate health practitioners. OBJECTIVE: To elicit physicians' and nurses' experiences and views on how PBF influenced and helped them in healthcare delivery...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433325/the-role-of-private-non-profit-healthcare-organizations-in-nhs-systems-implications-for-the-portuguese-hospital-devolution-program
#18
REVIEW
Álvaro S Almeida
The national health services (NHS) of England, Portugal, Finland and other single-payer universalist systems financed by general taxation, are based on the theoretical principle of an integrated public sector payer-provider. However, in practice one can find different forms of participation of non-public healthcare providers in those NHS, including private for profit providers, but also third sector non-profit organizations (NPO). This paper reviews the role of non-public non-profit healthcare organizations in NHS systems...
April 1, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408255/supraorbital-versus-endoscopic-endonasal-approaches-for-olfactory-groove-meningiomas-a-cost-minimization-study
#19
Gurpreet S Gandhoke, Matthew Pease, Kenneth J Smith, Raymond F Sekula
INTRODUCTION: We performed a cost-minimization study comparing the supraorbital and endoscopic, endonasal (EEA) approaches with or without the addition of craniotomy for the resection of olfactory groove meningioma. METHODS: We built a decision tree using probabilities of gross total resection and CSF leak rates with the supraorbital approach versus EEA with and without additional craniotomy. The cost (not charge or reimbursement) at each 'stem' of this decision tree, for both surgical options was obtained from our hospital's finance department...
April 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403330/dental-management-survey-brazil-dms-br-creation-and-validation-of-a-management-instrument
#20
Paola Sampaio Gonzales, Ismar Eduardo Martins, Maria Gabriela Haye Biazevic, Paulo Roberto da Silva, Edgard Michel-Crosato
Questionnaires for the assessment of knowledge and self-perception can be useful to diagnose what a dentist knows about management and administration. The aim of the present study was to create and validate the Dental Management Survey Brazil (DMS-BR) scale, based on meetings with experts in the field. After having elaborated the first version, 10 audits were performed in dental offices in order to produce the final version, which included nine dimensions: location, patient, finance, marketing, competition, quality, staff, career, and productivity...
April 10, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
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