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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746995/rising-trade-declining-stocks-the-global-gugul-commiphora-wightii-trade
#1
REVIEW
A B Cunningham, J A Brinckmann, R N Kulloli, U Schippmann
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Commiphora wightii is exploited in India and Pakistan for an oleo-resin (gum guggul) traditionally used in Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani medical systems. Processed C. wightii oleo-resin products are exported from India to 42 countries, including re-export to Pakistan, for anti-inflammatory use and as an anti-inflammatory and an anti-obesity treatment considered to lower cholesterol and lipid levels. The C. wightii export trade has particular relevance to the European Union because Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, and United Kingdom are importing countries...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720798/mercury-toxicity-following-unauthorized-siddha-medicine-intake-a-mimicker-of-acquired-neuromyotonia-report-of-32-cases
#2
G Gnanashanmugam, R Balakrishnan, S P Somasundaram, N Parimalam, P Rajmohan, M B Pranesh
Context: Mercury is used extensively in the preparation of Siddha medicines, after purification. In this study, we present 32 patients of mercury toxicity following unauthorized Siddha medicine intake who mimicked neuromyotonia clinically. We analyzed the clinical features of these patients, the role of autoimmunity in etiopathology, and compared it with acquired neuromyotonia. Subjects and Methods: This is a retrospective study to analyze inpatients in a tertiary care center, admitted with mercury toxicity following Siddha medicine intake from August 2012 to October 2016...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715759/cardioprotective-effect-of-amaranthus-tricolor-extract-in-isoprenaline-induced-myocardial-damage-in-ovariectomized-rats
#3
Kamrun Nahar, Fariha Kabir, Priota Islam, Md Mizanur Rahman, Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Md Faruk, Nusrat Subhan, G M Sayedur Rahman, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Md Ashraful Alam
Red spinach (Amaranthus tricolor) has been reported to possess many benefits and medicinal properties and used as a part of traditional medicine in Ayurveda and Siddha. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of Amaranthus tricolor on isoproterenol-induced oxidative stress, fibrosis, and myocardial damage in ovariectomized rats. Ovariectomy surgery was conducted to remove both ovaries from the rats. After recovery, rats were administered with ISO subcutaneously (50 mg/kg) twice a week and were treated with ethanolic extracts of A...
April 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699954/the-national-medical-commission-more-of-the-same
#4
George Thomas
The Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has accepted six amendments to the National Medical Commission Bill suggested by the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee (1). These amendments are: the proposed National Licentiate Examination has been replaced by a countrywide final MBBS examination called the National Exit Test (NEXT); the bridge course to train practitioners from AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy) in modern medicine has been removed, and it has been left to individual states to take a decision about this; the percentage of seats in private medical training institutions under fee regulation has been increased from 40% to 50%; the number of nominees from the states and Union territories who are members of the Commission has been increased from three to six; the penalties for non-compliance with educational norms for colleges has been modified; and the punishment for practising modern medicine without qualification has been made imprisonment up to one year and a fine of Rs 5 lakh...
April 16, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615020/purification-and-mic-analysis-of-antimicrobial-proteins-from-cucumis-sativus-l-seeds
#5
Raid Al Akeel, Ayesha Mateen, Khalid K Alharbi, Abdullah A Alyousef, Hazem M Al-Mandeel, Rabbani Syed
BACKGROUND: Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber), from the family Cucurbitaceae, is a therapeutic plant with various pharmacological benefits, broadly utilized as a part of complementary medicine (e.g., Unani, Ayurveda, Siddha, and Traditional Chinese). In light of past research discoveries, this plant had been chosen to consider its potential antibacterial action. METHODS: Extracts were purified by dialysis and ion exchange chromatography strategy and then assayed for antibacterial activity against four standard pathogenic bacterial strains known to cause foodborne infections and spoilage of food and herbal drugs...
April 3, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607356/standardization-of-in-vitro-assays-to-evaluate-the-activity-of-polyherbal-siddha-formulations-against-chikungunya-virus-infection
#6
Jaspreet Jain, Somnath Pai, Sujatha Sunil
Chikungunya, a viral fever caused by Aedes mosquito results in extreme morbidity in affected individuals and is a major public health concern in India. Currently, modern vaccines or formulations prescribed by physicians can only provide symptomatic relief for the pyretic and post pyretic phase of the disease. Siddha practitioners follows strict medical regimen based on traditional Indian knowledge/concepts to treat Chikungunya with considerable results. The current study was undertaken to standardize assays for the study of these siddha formulations and to check their efficacy and potential mode of action as antivirals for Chikungunya virus infection in in vitro system...
March 2018: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605674/therapeutic-potentials-of-houttuynia-cordata-thunb-against-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Khanchuila Shingnaisui, Tapan Dey, Prasenjit Manna, Jatin Kalita
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (Family: Saururaceae) is an herbaceous perennial plant that grows in moist and shady places. The plant is well known among the people of diverse cultures across Japan, Korea, China and North-East India for its medicinal properties. Traditionally the plant is used for its various beneficial properties against inflammation, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, muscular sprain, stomach ulcer etc. Oxidative stress and inflammation were found to be linked with most of the diseases in recent times...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555256/preparation-and-standardization-of-mathan-tailam-a-classical-siddha-formulation-for-diabetic-ulcerative-wound-healing
#8
R Arunadevi, R Susila, S Murugammal, S Divya
BACKGROUND: Increasing popularity of Mathan Tailam (mattan tailam, pachai ennai) for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer necessitated standardization and quality control of this medicated oil both in large scale production and quality check in marketed drug. OBJECTIVE: Present study aims to develop standard operating procedure for the preparation of Mathan Tailam as per Siddha Formulary of India and its standardization using suitable analytical techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mathan Tailam was prepared as per Siddha Formulary of India...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550382/voxtalisib-xl765-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-or-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-an-open-label-phase-2-trial
#9
Jennifer R Brown, Mehdi Hamadani, John Hayslip, Ann Janssens, Nina Wagner-Johnston, Oliver Ottmann, Jon Arnason, Hervé Tilly, Michael Millenson, Fritz Offner, Nashat Y Gabrail, Siddhartha Ganguly, Sikander Ailawadh, Siddha Kasar, Arnon P Kater, Jeanette K Doorduijn, Lei Gao, Joanne J Lager, Bin Wu, Coumaran Egile, Marie José Kersten
BACKGROUND: Patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukaemia have a poor prognosis. Therapies targeting more than one isoform of PI3K, as well as mTOR, might increase antitumour activity. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of voxtalisib (also known as XL765 or SAR245409), a pan-PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, in patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma, or chronic lymphocytic leukaemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. METHODS: We did a non-randomised, open-label, phase 2 trial at 30 oncology clinics in the USA, Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, and Australia...
April 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530609/protective-effect-of-sesbania-grandiflora-on-acetic-acid-induced-ulcerative-colitis-in-mice-by-inhibition-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-6
#10
Rohit A Gupta, Meha N Motiwala, Ujawala N Mahajan, Sapna G Sabre
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The plant Sesbania grandiflora (Linn) belonging to the family Fabaceae is commonly known as sesbania, agathi, and katurai. The plant is accredited for alleviating a spectrum of ailments including inflammation, colitis, diarrhea, dysentery, leprosy, gout, rheumatism, jaundice, bronchitis, convulsion and anxiety. It is also used as antitumour, anthelmintic, and laxatives in Ayurveda and Siddha system of Indian traditional medicine. AIM: To reveal protective effect of Sesbania grandiflora in acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis in mice...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527057/tracing-the-development-of-psychosocial-rehabilitation-from-its-origin-to-the-current-with-emphasis-on-the-indian-context
#11
REVIEW
S Kalyana Sundaram, Sneha Kumar
Mental illness and mental health are concepts that have existed from time immemorial. In India, the Atharvaveda and Vedic texts and traditional medical systems such as Siddha, Unani, and Ayurveda have described mental health and disorders, in detail. The advent of the mental hospital brought in the 'chemical revolution' in psychiatric management. The early nineties witnessed the birth of psychiatric rehabilitation in India. These developments saw a shift from a biological to a biopsychosocial model. It embraced the individual, family, community and society into the treatment process...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526234/awareness-practice-and-views-about-integrating-ayush-in-allopathic-curriculum-of-allopathic-doctors-and-interns-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#12
Shubha Singhal, Vandana Roy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitude, perception and practice of Ayurveda, yoga, Unani, Siddha, homeopathy and naturopathy (AYUSH) among allopathic doctors and interns and determine their opinion regarding integration of AYUSH education within the allopathic curriculum. METHODS: This prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching Hospital, New Delhi, India, from March 2016 to March 2017. A survey of 500 allopathic doctors and 150 interns was performed using a structured questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164966/minimal-residual-disease-detected-by-immunoglobulin-sequencing-predicts-cll-relapse-more-effectively-than-flow-cytometry
#13
Andrew Aw, Haesook T Kim, Stacey M Fernandes, Kevin Hoang, Siddha Kasar, Malek Faham, Jennifer R Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#14
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122454/ayurveda-formulations-a-roadmap-to-address-the-safety-concerns
#15
Kishor Patwardhan, Jigyasa Pathak, Rabinarayan Acharya
It is a matter of serious concern that the number of case reports pointing at a possible association between the clinical toxicity and the use of Ayurveda formulations is increasing significantly over the years in scientific medical literature. Though most of these cases are connected with the presence of heavy metals such as lead, mercury and arsenic in these formulations, there are also reports suggesting toxicity due to the presence of toxic chemicals of herbal origin. In the year 2008, the Government of India took an initiative of establishing the National Pharmacovigilance Programme for Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs in a structured way...
October 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057840/ethnomedicinal-phytochemical-and-ethnopharmacological-aspects-of-four-medicinal-plants-of-malvaceae-used-in-indian-traditional-medicines-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Jasmeet Kaur Abat, Sanjay Kumar, Aparajita Mohanty
The ethnomedicinal values of plants form the basis of the herbal drug industry. India has contributed its knowledge of traditional system medicines (Ayurveda and Siddha) to develop herbal medicines with negligible side effects. The World Health Organization has also recognized the benefits of drugs developed from natural products. Abutilon indicum, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Sida acuta and Sida rhombifolia are ethnomedicinal plants of Malvaceae, commonly used in Indian traditional system of medicines. Traditionally these plants were used in the form of extracts/powder/paste by tribal populations of India for treating common ailments like cough and cold, fever, stomach, kidney and liver disorders, pains, inflammations, wounds, etc...
October 18, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971830/can-the-ayush-system-be-instrumental-in-achieving-universal-health-coverage-in-india
#17
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
Universal health coverage (UHC) in the Indian context is understood as easily accessible and affordable health services for all citizens. The Planning Commission of India constituted a High Level Expert Group (HLEG) in October 2010 for the purpose of drafting the guidelines of UHC. While the primary focus of UHC is to provide financial protection to all citizens, its delivery requires an adequate health infrastructure, skilled health human resources, and access to affordable drugs and technologies so that all people receive the level and quality of care they are entitled to...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903599/an-open-letter-to-health-canada
#18
Kim Papp, Lorne Albrecht, Kirk Barber, Marc Bourcier, Pierre-Luc Dion, Anatoli Freiman, Melinda Gooderham, Lyn Guenther, Wayne Gulliver, Chi-Ho Hong, Charles Lynde, Yves Poulin, Sanjay Siddha, John Toole, Darryl Toth, Ronald Vender, Norman Wasel, Marni Wiseman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875835/the-biological-potentialsof-indian-traditional-medicine-curcumin-for-treating-human-diseases
#19
C S Sumathi, P Rajesh, V. Rajesh Kannan
Curcumin is an active compound extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric). It possesses a di phenolic structure and there are three important fractions of curcumin namely curcumin, mono-desmethoxycurcumin and bis-desmethoxycurcumin. Curcumin is having high medicinal value. It is widely in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani medicine formulations to treat various diseases. It is effective against microbial pathogens like bacteria, virus and fungi. It is highly potent and kills cancerous cells. Curcumin exhibits antioxidant activity and reduces lipoperoxidation...
August 30, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830818/review-of-anti-inflammatory-immune-modulatory-and-wound-healing-properties-of-molluscs
#20
REVIEW
Tarek B Ahmad, Lei Liu, Michael Kotiw, Kirsten Benkendorff
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This review focuses on traditional and contemporary anti-inflammatory uses of mollusc-derived products summarising all the in vitro, in vivo and human clinical trials that have tested the anti-inflammatory activity of molluscan natural products. Inflammatory conditions, burns and wounds have been an ongoing concern for human health since the early era of civilisation. Many texts from ancient medicine have recorded the symptoms, signs and treatments for these conditions...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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