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Rohit A Gupta, Meha N Motiwala, Ujawala N Mahajan, Sapna S Sabare
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The plant Sesbania grandiflora (Linn) belonging to the family Fabaceae is commonly known as sesbania, agathi, and katurai. The plant is accredited for alleviating a spectrum of ailments including inflammation, colitis, diarrhea, dysentery, leprosy, gout, rheumatism, jaundice, bronchitis, convulsion and anxiety. It is also used as antitumour, anthelmintic, and laxatives in Ayurveda and Siddha system of Indian traditional medicine. AIM: To reveal protective effect of Sesbania grandiflora in acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis in mice...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
S Kalyana Sundaram, Sneha Kumar
Mental illness and mental health are concepts that have existed from time immemorial. In India, the Atharvaveda and Vedic texts and traditional medical systems such as Siddha, Unani, and Ayurveda have described mental health and disorders, in detail. The advent of the mental hospital brought in the 'chemical revolution' in psychiatric management. The early nineties witnessed the birth of psychiatric rehabilitation in India. These developments saw a shift from a biological to a biopsychosocial model. It embraced the individual, family, community and society into the treatment process...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Shubha Singhal, Vandana Roy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitude, perception and practice of Ayurveda, yoga, Unani, Siddha, homeopathy and naturopathy (AYUSH) among allopathic doctors and interns and determine their opinion regarding integration of AYUSH education within the allopathic curriculum. METHODS: This prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching Hospital, New Delhi, India, from March 2016 to March 2017. A survey of 500 allopathic doctors and 150 interns was performed using a structured questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Andrew Aw, Haesook T Kim, Stacey M Fernandes, Kevin Hoang, Siddha Kasar, Malek Faham, Jennifer R Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
Kishor Patwardhan, Jigyasa Pathak, Rabinarayan Acharya
It is a matter of serious concern that the number of case reports pointing at a possible association between the clinical toxicity and the use of Ayurveda formulations is increasing significantly over the years in scientific medical literature. Though most of these cases are connected with the presence of heavy metals such as lead, mercury and arsenic in these formulations, there are also reports suggesting toxicity due to the presence of toxic chemicals of herbal origin. In the year 2008, the Government of India took an initiative of establishing the National Pharmacovigilance Programme for Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs in a structured way...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Jasmeet Kaur Abat, Sanjay Kumar, Aparajita Mohanty
The ethnomedicinal values of plants form the basis of the herbal drug industry. India has contributed its knowledge of traditional system medicines (Ayurveda and Siddha) to develop herbal medicines with negligible side effects. The World Health Organization has also recognized the benefits of drugs developed from natural products. Abutilon indicum, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Sida acuta and Sida rhombifolia are ethnomedicinal plants of Malvaceae, commonly used in Indian traditional system of medicines. Traditionally these plants were used in the form of extracts/powder/paste by tribal populations of India for treating common ailments like cough and cold, fever, stomach, kidney and liver disorders, pains, inflammations, wounds, etc...
October 18, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
Universal health coverage (UHC) in the Indian context is understood as easily accessible and affordable health services for all citizens. The Planning Commission of India constituted a High Level Expert Group (HLEG) in October 2010 for the purpose of drafting the guidelines of UHC. While the primary focus of UHC is to provide financial protection to all citizens, its delivery requires an adequate health infrastructure, skilled health human resources, and access to affordable drugs and technologies so that all people receive the level and quality of care they are entitled to...
September 26, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Kim Papp, Lorne Albrecht, Kirk Barber, Marc Bourcier, Pierre-Luc Dion, Anatoli Freiman, Melinda Gooderham, Lyn Guenther, Wayne Gulliver, Chi-Ho Hong, Charles Lynde, Yves Poulin, Sanjay Siddha, John Toole, Darryl Toth, Ronald Vender, Norman Wasel, Marni Wiseman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
C S Sumathi, P Rajesh, V. Rajesh Kannan
Curcumin is an active compound extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric). It possesses a di phenolic structure and there are three important fractions of curcumin namely curcumin, mono-desmethoxycurcumin and bis-desmethoxycurcumin. Curcumin is having high medicinal value. It is widely in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani medicine formulations to treat various diseases. It is effective against microbial pathogens like bacteria, virus and fungi. It is highly potent and kills cancerous cells. Curcumin exhibits antioxidant activity and reduces lipoperoxidation...
August 30, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Tarek B Ahmad, Lei Liu, Michael Kotiw, Kirsten Benkendorff
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This review focuses on traditional and contemporary anti-inflammatory uses of mollusc-derived products summarising all the in vitro, in vivo and human clinical trials that have tested the anti-inflammatory activity of molluscan natural products. Inflammatory conditions, burns and wounds have been an ongoing concern for human health since the early era of civilisation. Many texts from ancient medicine have recorded the symptoms, signs and treatments for these conditions...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
A Hannah Rachel Vasanthi, V Muthulakshmi, V Gayathri, R Manikandan, S Ananthi, Sarah Kuruvilla
BACKGROUND: Sirupeelai Samoola Kudineer (SK), a polyherbal decoction containing four medicinal plants has been used in Siddha system of medicine, practiced in Southern parts of India for the management of urolithiasis. OBJECTIVE: The present study is carried out to scientifically validate the traditional claim and to study the mechanism of action of the drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, anti-urolithiatic effect of SK was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats using ethylene glycol through drinking water and intraperitoneal injection of sodium oxalate...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Amita Verma, Deepika Singh, Firoz Anwar, Prakash Chandra Bhatt, Fahad Al-Abbasi, Vikas Kumar
The aerial part of Wedelia calendulacea have been used in Ayurveda, Unani, Tibetan, Siddha and other folk medicine systems to protect the liver and renal tissue. Liver is considered as primary metabolizing site of body, which is prone to damage by endogenous and exogenous toxicants. A reason for liver toxicity, and major causes of the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). 19-α-Hydroxyurs-12(13)-ene-28 oic acid-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (HEG), a triterpenoids found in the higher plants, has been known to possess protective effect against various toxicants...
June 12, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
Krishna D Rao, Renu Shahrawat, Aarushi Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: The availability of reliable and comprehensive information on the health workforce is crucial for workforce planning. In India, routine information sources on the health workforce are incomplete and unreliable. This paper addresses this issue and provides a comprehensive picture of India's health workforce. METHODS: Data from the 68th round (July 2011 to June 2012) of the National Sample Survey on the Employment and unemployment situation in India were analysed to produce estimates of the health workforce in India...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
Sudharsana Sundarrajan, Sajitha Lulu, Mohanapriya Arumugam
OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disorder of the skin. The disease manifests itself with red or silvery scaly plaques distributing over the lower back, scalp, and extensor aspects of limbs. Several medications are available for the treatment of psoriasis; however, high rates of remission and side-effects still persist as a major concern. Siddha, one of the traditional systems of Indian medicine offers cure to many dermatological conditions, including psoriasis. The oil prepared from the leaves of Wrightia tinctoria is prescribed by many healers for the treatment of psoriasis...
November 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Xiao-Wei Ma, Rui-You Guo
Curcuma longa is a plant that belongs to the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. It has been used in Siddha medicine for thousands of years in Asia. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that affects the motor system of the brain. Death of dopamine-producing cells in the substantia nigra leads to PD. Exposure to salsolinol, which is an endogenous neurotoxin, has been associated with damage to dopamine-producing cells. The present study assessed the toxicity of salsolinol in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells and subsequently investigated the neuroprotective potential of C...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Mohammed Safwan Ali Khan, Shaaz Nazan, Abdul Manan Mat Jais
BACKGROUND: Leathery Murdah, Terminalia coriacea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. from family Combretaceae is used in Ayurveda and Siddha traditional systems of medicine to heal ulcers. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to assess the gastroprotective effect and understand the fundamental mechanism of action of Leathery Murdah, Terminalia coriacea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. Leaf Methanolic Extract. METHODS: The test extract was screened for anti-ulcer activity by Aspirin induced ulcerogenesis in pyloric ligation and ethanol induced gastric ulcers at three doses - 125, 250, and 500 mg/kg, p...
July 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Uday Venkatesh, Chethan Javarasetty, Satish Kumar Murari
BACKGROUND: Wedelia trilobata (L.) Hitch (WT), commonly known as yellow dots or creeping daisy, is a shrub possessing potent biological activities, and is traditionally used a medicinal plant in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani systems of medicines, and it has also been tried against leukemia cell line MEG- 01. In the present study, purification and screening of the plant was done for bioactive compounds in methanolic extract of WT for apoptotic and anti-leukemia activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanolic extract of WT was initially purified through thin layer chromatography (TLC) and screened for the apoptotic and anti-leukemia activities...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
Shalini Rudra, Aakshi Kalra, Abhishek Kumar, William Joe
AYUSH, an acronym for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homeopathy represents the alternative systems of medicine recognized by the Government of India. Understanding the patterns of utilization of AYUSH care has been important for various reasons including an increased focus on its mainstreaming and integration with biomedicine-based health care system. Based on a nationally representative health survey 2014, we present an analysis to understand utilization of AYUSH care across socioeconomic and demographic groups in India...
2017: PloS One
Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty
In spite of incredible advances in modern science, technology and allopathic medicine a large we are unable to provide quality healthcare to all. Traditional medicine particularly herbal medicine considered as a major healthcare provider around the globe particularly in rural and remote areas. A large section of people depends on such medicine for their primary healthcare mainly in underdeveloped or developing countries. Indian traditional medicinal system like Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani has a very rich history of their effectiveness; modern research also acknowledged the importance of such medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
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