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Chest pain NICE

Khaled Alfakih, John P Greenwood, Sven Plein
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) published an update on its guideline on chest pain of recent onset in 2016. The new guideline makes three key changes to the 2010 version. NICE recommend that the previously proposed pre-test probability risk score should no longer be used. They also recommend that a calcium score of zero should no longer be used to rule out coronary artery disease in patients with low pre-test probability. However, the most radical change is that NICE now recommend that all patients with new onset chest pain should be investigated with a computerised tomography coronary angiogram as a first-ine investigation...
June 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Alastair J Moss, Michelle C Williams, David E Newby, Edward D Nicol
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cost-effective care pathways are integral to delivering sustainable healthcare programmes. Due to the overestimation of coronary artery disease using traditional risk tables, non-invasive testing has been utilised to improve risk stratification and initiate appropriate management to reduce the dependence on invasive investigations. In line with recent technological improvements, cardiac CT is a modality that offers a detailed anatomical assessment of coronary artery disease comparable to invasive coronary angiography...
2017: Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports
Adam Timmis, Carl A Roobottom
In the 2016 update of the stable chest pain guideline, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has made radical changes to the diagnostic paradigm that it-like other international guidelines-had previously placed at the centre of its recommendations. No longer are quantitative assessments of the disease probability considered necessary to determine the need for diagnostic testing and the choice of test. Instead, the recommendation is for no diagnostic testing if chest pain is judged to be 'non-anginal' and CT coronary angiography (CTCA) in patients with 'typical' or 'atypical' chest pain with additional perfusion imaging only if there is uncertainty about the functional significance of coronary lesions...
July 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Irene Bighelli, Carlotta Trespidi, Mariasole Castellazzi, Andrea Cipriani, Toshi A Furukawa, Francesca Girlanda, Giuseppe Guaiana, Markus Koesters, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: A panic attack is a discrete period of fear or anxiety that has a rapid onset, reaches a peak within 10 minutes and in which at least four of 13 characteristic symptoms are experienced, including racing heart, chest pain, sweating, shaking, dizziness, flushing, stomach churning, faintness and breathlessness. Panic disorder is common in the general population with a lifetime prevalence of 1% to 4%. The treatment of panic disorder includes psychological and pharmacological interventions...
September 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ingrid Torjesen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Arzu Cubukcu, Ian Murray, Simon Anderson
In 2010, the National Institute for Heath and Clinical Excellence published guidelines for the management of stable chest pain of recent onset. Implementation has occurred to various degrees throughout the NHS; however, its effectiveness has yet to be proved. A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the impact and relevance of this guideline, comparing the estimated risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) with angiographic outcomes. Findings were compared with the recently published equivalent European guideline...
June 1, 2015: Echo Research and Practice
Daniela Cassar Demarco, Alexandros Papachristidis, Damian Roper, Ioannis Tsironis, Jonathan Byrne, Khaled Alfakih, Mark Monaghan
OBJECTIVES: To compare how patients with chest pain would be investigated, based on the two guidelines available for UK cardiologists, on the management of patients with stable chest pain. The UK National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guideline which was published in 2010 and the European society of cardiology (ESC) guideline published in 2013. Both guidelines utilise pre-test probability risk scores, to guide the choice of investigation. DESIGN: We undertook a large retrospective study to investigate the outcomes of stress echocardiography...
November 2015: JRSM Open
Ozan M Demir, Peter Dobson, Nikolaos D Papamichael, Jonathan Byrne, Sven Plein, Khaled Alfakih
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) have recently published guidelines for investigating patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Both provide a risk score (RS) to assess the pre-test probability for CAD to guide clinicians to undertake the most effective investigation. The aim of the study was to establish whether there is a difference between the two RS models. We retrospectively reviewed records of 479 patients who presented to a UK district general hospital with chest pain between August 2011 and April 2013...
June 2015: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Julian Om Ormerod, Caroline Wretham, Andy Beale, Douglas Haynes, Iwan Harries, Steve Ramcharitar, Paul W Foley, William A McCrea, Badri Chandrasekaran, Edward Barnes
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) CG95 clinical guideline on chest pain of recent onset was published in 2010. There is debate over whether the proposed strategy improves patient care and its implications on service costs. Following a six-month pilot, 472 consecutive patient records were audited for pre-test probability of significant coronary artery disease, investigations performed and outcomes. Low- and moderate-risk patients had an unexpectedly low rate of coronary disease and revascularisation...
June 2015: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Alvin J X Lee, Michael Michail, Shumonta A Quaderi, James A Richardson, Suneil K Aggarwal, M Elsya Speechly-Dick
OBJECTIVE: In 2010, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in the UK published Clinical Guideline 95 (CG95) advocating risk stratification of patients using 'CADScore' to guide appropriate cardiac investigations for chest pain of recent onset. Implementation of the guideline in the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust was evaluated to see if it led to a reduction in the average cost of the diagnostic journey per patient and fewer investigations per patient in order to confirm a diagnosis...
2015: Open Heart
Ronak Rajani, Jessica Webb, Anna Marciniak, Rebecca Preston
BACKGROUND: To evaluate diagnostic strategies in a rapid access chest pain clinic (RACPC) in the United Kingdom and to predict the economical and clinical impacts of incorporating fractional flow reserve by coronary computed tomographic angiography (FFRCT) into future pathways. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients referred to a RACPC in the United Kingdom. All patients had an evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors and symptoms from which the pre-test likelihood (PTL) of coronary artery disease (CAD) was evaluated using the Diamond Forrester (DF) criteria...
March 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Mohammed Aldwaik, Aled P Williams, Simon Le Feuvre, Richard Cowell
Chest pain (CP) is a very common presentation with a wide range of differential diagnoses, including life-threatening conditions, which need to be considered, diagnosed and treated urgently. Cardiac CP accounts for less than one-third of causes. Echocardiography is a valuable non-invasive tool that can help in diagnosing and treating patients presenting with CP. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines state that echocardiography can help in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes and also in ruling out other serious conditions...
December 8, 2014: BMJ Case Reports
Caroline Marie Patterson, Arjun Nair, Nabeel Ahmed, Leoni Bryan, Derek Bell, Edward David Nicol
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical outcomes of patients for whom National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recent-onset chest pain guidance would not have recommended further investigation, compared with those of patients where further investigation would have been recommended. METHODS: 557 consecutive patients with recent-onset chest pain attending rapid-access chest pain clinics (RACPC) in two district general hospitals over a 9-month period were retrospectively reviewed...
January 2015: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Christopher W Pavitt, Katie Harron, Alistair C Lindsay, Robin Ray, Sayeh Zielke, Daniel Gordon, Michael B Rubens, Simon P Padley, Edward D Nicol
We validate a method of calcium scoring on CT coronary angiography (CTCA) and propose an algorithm for the assessment of patients with stable chest pain. 503 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery calcium score (CACS) and CTCA were included. A 0.1 cm2 region of interest was used to determine the mean contrast density on CTCA images either in the left main stem (LM) or right coronary artery. Axial 3 mm CTCA images were scored for calcium using conventional software with a modified threshold: mean LM contrast density (HU) + 2SD...
August 2014: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Ajay Yerramasu, Avijit Lahiri, Shreenidhi Venuraju, Alain Dumo, David Lipkin, S Richard Underwood, Roby D Rakhit, Deven J Patel
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) imaging by unenhanced computed X-ray tomography (CT) is recommended as an initial diagnostic test for patients with stable chest pain symptoms but a low likelihood (10-29%) of underlying obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) after clinical assessment. The recommendation has not previously been tested prospectively in a rapid access chest pain clinic (RACPC). METHODS: We recruited 300 consecutive patients presenting with stable chest pain to the RACPC of three hospitals...
August 2014: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
George Youssef, Matthew J Budoff
Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a widely used imaging modality for cardiovascular risk assessment in moderate risk patients. It has been shown to have a superior role predicting future cardiac events and survival rates when combined with other traditional risk factor scoring systems as Framingham risk score (FRS). Furthermore, it significantly reclassifies moderate risk patients into lower or higher risk categories. Higher risk groups like patients with diabetes, a higher prevalence of CAC has been shown to impart a high short term risk of CV events, while those with zero calcium score had excellent event-free survival, similar to non-diabetic patients...
June 2012: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
P Bennett, P Dyer
INTRODUCTION: NICE stated exercise stress tests (EST) should not be used to diagnose obstructive coronary artery disease in patients presenting with chest pain presumed to be of cardiac origin. METHODS: A retrospective review of 209 patients with presumed cardiac chest pain was done. EST results, GRACE scores and need for invasive coronary angiogram (ICA) were analysed to predict the need for readmission, intervention and future events. RESULTS: The sensitivity of the EST in identifying obstructive coronary artery disease was 70%...
2013: Acute Medicine
Martin Harker, Serena Carville, Robert Henderson, Huon Gray
The acute management of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has seen significant changes in the past decade. Although the incidence has been declining in the UK, STEMI still gives rise to around 600 hospitalised episodes per million people each year, with many additional cases resulting in death before hospital admission. In-hospital mortality following acute coronary syndromes has fallen over the past 30 years from around 20% to nearer 5%, and this improved outcome has been attributed to various factors, including timely access to an expanding range of effective interventional and pharmacological treatments...
April 2014: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Praba Rabasse, Collette Johnson, Nadim Malik
In 2000 the National Service Framework for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) prompted the development of rapid-access chest pain clinics (RACPCs). The aim of such clinics is to provide prompt assessment of chest pain to identify CAD with the use of an exercise tolerance test. In 2010, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines recommended using imaging studies based on CAD risk scoring and not an exercise tolerance test to exclude angina in patients with no previous history of known CAD...
May 9, 2013: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
P M Athauda-Arachchi, S D Hutcheon
BACKGROUND: Prompt and accurate assessment of patients with chest pain likely of cardiac origin (of recent onset) is important and requires excellent coordination between the specialist cardiology services with general/emergency medicine and primary care physicians. The presence of clear guidelines helps streamline this process for all stakeholders, to meet the requirements set out in with the National Service Framework for managing coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the new guidance offered by NICE guideline 95 (March 2010)(1) for evaluation of patients in England and Wales with chest pain of recent onset, represent several major changes to its former guideline (NICE TA 73), and the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) guideline 96 (2007, which is based on recommendations from European Society of Cardiology(2)) currently guiding the management of such patient in Scotland...
February 2013: Scottish Medical Journal
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