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uterus relaxing

Eduardo Fernández-Martínez, Héctor Ponce-Monter, Luis E Soria-Jasso, Mario I Ortiz, José-Antonio Arias-Montaño, Guillermo Barragán-Ramírez, Cynthia Mayén-García
Uterine relaxation is crucial during preterm labor. Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) inhibitors have been proposed as tocolytics. Some thalidomide analogs are PDE-4 inhibitors. The aim of this study was to assess the uterus-relaxant properties of two thalidomide analogs, methyl 3-(4-nitrophthalimido)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-propanoate (4NO2PDPMe) and methyl 3-(4-aminophthalimido)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-propanoate (4APDPMe) and were compared to rolipram in functional studies of spontaneous phasic, K⁺-induced tonic, and Ca(2+)-induced contractions in isolated pregnant human myometrial tissues...
October 7, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jie Xiang, Hui Wang, Chengbang Ma, Mei Zhou, Yuxin Wu, Lei Wang, Shaodong Guo, Tianbao Chen, Chris Shaw
Bradykinin-related peptides (BRPs) are one of the most extensively studied frog secretions-derived peptide families identified from many amphibian species. The diverse primary structures of BRPs have been proven essential for providing valuable information in understanding basic mechanisms associated with drug modification. Here, we isolated, identified and characterized a dodeca-BRP (RAP-L1, T6-BK), with primary structure RAPLPPGFTPFR, from the skin secretions of Chinese large odorous frogs, Odorrana livida...
2016: Toxins
Fariba Nanbakhsh, Tahereh Behrouzi-Lak, Mahsa Tabean, Sima Oshnouei, Pooya Mazlumi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the importance of cytokine type in embryo implantation in uterus specified and activated macrophages interfere the tube movements and embryo retention in uterine tubes by smooth muscle relaxation and disrupting ciliary function. Therefore, increased risk of infection with HP during pregnancy, we investigated relation between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and prevalence of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is cross-sectional study from March 2012 to May 2013...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Kyu-Sang Kyeong, Seung Hwa Hong, Young Chul Kim, Woong Cho, Sun Chul Myung, Moo Yeol Lee, Ra Young You, Chan Hyung Kim, So Yeon Kwon, Hikaru Suzuki, Yeon Jin Park, Eun-Hwan Jeong, Hak Soon Kim, Heon Kim, Seung Woon Lim, Wen-Xie Xu, Sang Jin Lee, Il Woon Ji
Myometrial relaxation of mouse via expression of two-pore domain acid sensitive (TASK) channels was studied. In our previous report, we suggested that two-pore domain acid-sensing K(+) channels (TASK-2) might be one of the candidates for the regulation of uterine circular smooth muscles in mice. In this study, we tried to show the mechanisms of relaxation via TASK-2 channels in marine myometrium. Isometric contraction measurements and patch clamp technique were used to verify TASK conductance in murine myometrium...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
Douglas Brubaker, Alethea Barbaro, Mark R Chance, Sam Mesiano
BACKGROUND: Progesterone promotes uterine relaxation and is essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. Withdrawal of progesterone activity and increased inflammation within the uterine tissues are key triggers for parturition. Progesterone actions in myometrial cells are mediated by two progesterone receptor (PR) isoforms, PR-A and PR-B, that function as ligand-activated transcription factors. PR-B mediates relaxatory actions of progesterone, in part, by decreasing myometrial cell responsiveness to pro-inflammatory stimuli...
2016: BMC Systems Biology
Eram Ali, Manisha Kumar
Uterine inversion is an abnormal protrusion of internal surface of relaxed uterus through the vaginal orifice. Its causes can be broadly classified as puerperal and non-puerperal with puerperal uterine inversion more common than non-puerperal uterine inversion. Acute inversions occurring immediately, or within 24 hours post-partum are the most common type. Chronic Uterine Inversions (CUI) occurring more than four weeks after the delivery are rare identities. There differential diagnosis includes prolapsed fibroids and endometrial polyp...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Golnaz Rezaeizadeh, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Sima Ghiasi, Shekoufeh Nikfar, Mohammad Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a worldwide tragedy with a high incidence. Several medications are used to inhibit acute preterm labor, but tocolysis by these medicines do not extend pregnancy beyond 1-2 days. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to discover new medications from plant extracts or their active compounds which inhibit the uterine contractions in order to treat preterm labor. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and IranMedex databases were searched up to 1st February 2012 with the most relevant keywords...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Lan Sun, Lina Liu, Shaobo Zong, Zhengzhong Wang, Jun Zhou, Zhiliang Xu, Gang Ding, Wei Xiao, Junping Kou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Guizhi Fuling formula, a well-known Chinese herbal formula recorded in the Eastern Han Dynasty, is composed of Cinnamomum cassia (L.) J.Presl (Cassia bark), Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf (Poria), Paeonia suffruticosa andrews (Moutan Cortex), Paeonia lactiflora Pall (Herbaceous peony), and Amygdalus persica L.(Persicae Semen). It has clinical efficacy of activating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis and is commonly used for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Emma Mitidieri, Teresa Tramontano, Erminia Donnarumma, Vincenzo Brancaleone, Giuseppe Cirino, Roberta d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca, Raffaella Sorrentino
Sildenafil, a selective phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, commonly used in the oral treatment for erectile dysfunction, relaxes smooth muscle of human bladder through the activation of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) signaling. H2S is an endogenous gaseous transmitter with myorelaxant properties predominantly formed from l-cysteine (l-Cys) by cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE). Sildenafil also relaxes rat and human myometrium during preterm labor but the underlying mechanism is still unclear...
September 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
V K Saroj, U P Nakade, A Sharma, R S Yadav, S W Hajare, S K Garg
Modulation of myometrial spontaneity by cadmium (Cd) and its regulatory pathways was studied in rat uterus in the absence and presence of blockers of different signaling pathways. Isometric tension in myometrial strips, under a resting tension of 1 g, mounted in organ bath containing Ringer-Locke solution (RLS) continuously aerated with carbogen, was measured using data acquisition system-based physiograph and Lab Chart Pro V7.3.7 software. Mean integral tension was measured for 8 min. Cd (1 nM-0.1 mM) not only produced concentration-dependent inhibitory effect on rat myometrium but it (10 µM) also significantly (p < 0...
May 10, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
A Zarei, M Mahboubi, M E Parsanezhad, S Alborzi, M Younesi, G Madadi
BACKGROUND: Uterus contractibility is considered a powerful prognostic factor in predicting the embryo transfer outcome. Moreover, uterine contractions are known to be stimulated by prostaglandins which are produced by cyclooxygenase from arachidonic acid. As such, suppressing the inflammatory response and contractions using anti-inflammatory and relaxant agents is expected to result in increased success rate of embryo transfer and artificial insemination. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of piroxicam administration on the success rate in intrauterine insemination (IU) cycles in patients presenting with unexplained infertility...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Golnaz Rezaeizadeh, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Sima Ghiasi, Shekoufeh Nikfar, Mohammad Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a worldwide tragedy with a high incidence. Several medications are used to inhibit acute preterm labor, but tocolysis by these medicines do not extend pregnancy beyond 1-2 days. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to discover new medications from plant extracts or their active compounds which inhibit the uterine contractions in order to treat preterm labor. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and IranMedex databases were searched up to 1st February 2012 with the most relevant keywords...
April 25, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Lu Yang, Cheng-Zhi Chai, Xin-Yi Yue, Yan Yan, Jun-Ping Kou, Zheng-Yu Cao, Bo-Yang Yu
The uterine tetanic contraction and uterine artery blood flow reduction are possible reasons for primary dysmenorrhea (PD). In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the uterine relaxant effect and the influence on uterine artery blood velocity of Ge-Gen Decoction (GGD), a well-known Chinese herbal formula. In female ICR mice, uterine contraction was induced by oxytocin exposure following estradiol benzoate pretreatment, and the uterine artery blood velocity was detected by Doppler ultrasound. Histopathological examination of the uterine tissue samples were performed by H&E staining...
February 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Heather Waterfall, Rosalie M Grivell, Jodie M Dodd
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section involves making an incision in the woman's abdomen and cutting through the uterine muscle. The baby is then delivered through that incision. Difficult caesarean birth may result in injury for the infant or complications for the mother. Methods to assist with delivery include vacuum or forceps extraction or manual delivery utilising fundal pressure. Medication that relaxes the uterus (tocolytic medication) may facilitate the birth of the baby at caesarean section...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Yoshimitsu Ohgiya, Hiroshi Nobusawa, Noritaka Seino, Osamu Miyagami, Naomi Yagi, Sasamori Hiroto, Jiro Munechika, Masanori Hirose, Nobuyuki Takeyama, Nobuyuki Ohike, Ryu Matsuoka, Akihiko Sekizawa, Takehiko Gokan
PURPOSE: To evaluate morphological and signal intensity (SI) changes of placental insufficiency on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to assess morphological changes and decreased flow voids (FVs) on T2-weighted rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (RARE) images for diagnosing placental insufficiency. METHODS: Fifty singleton fetuses underwent MRI using a 1.5-T MR scanner. Placental thickness, area, volume, SI, amniotic fluid SI, and size of FVs between the uterus and the placenta were measured on MR images...
2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Tiina Reilas, Maria Montserrat Rivera Del Alamo, Evija Liepina, Marc Yeste, Terttu Katila
Cervical patency is considered to be important for uterine drainage after mating or artificial insemination (AI), and failure to relax or premature tightening of the cervix can lead to persistent endometritis. This study investigated the hypothesis that cervical occlusion after AI increases accumulation of fluid, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs), and cytokines in the uterine lumen. Endometrial swabs were obtained from 29 normal cyclic mares during the first, third, and fifth estrus and biopsies during the first and fifth estrus...
March 1, 2016: Theriogenology
Tetsuya Kai, Natsuki Ishibe, Yuji Soeda, Mariko Tanaka, Sumio Hoka
We successfully managed two fetuses complicated with suspected airway obstruction after birth by the EXIT (ex utero intrapartum treatment) procedure, whose placental circulation was maintained till their airway was secured during the cesarean section. The first fetus was suspected to have airway obstruction due to a large neck mass. At 36 weeks of gestation, the EXIT procedure was undertaken performing the tracheal intubation successfully by laryngoscope. The second fetus with micrognathia was expected to have airway obstruction after birth...
April 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Alexandra L Mattei, Mark L Riccio, Frank W Avila, Mariana F Wolfner
Physiological changes in females during and after mating are triggered by seminal fluid components in conjunction with female-derived molecules. In insects, these changes include increased egg production, storage of sperm, and changes in muscle contraction within the reproductive tract (RT). Such postmating changes have been studied in dissected RT tissues, but understanding their coordination in vivo requires a holistic view of the tissues and their interrelationships. Here, we used high-resolution, multiscale micro-computed tomography (CT) scans to visualize and measure postmating changes in situ in the Drosophila female RT before, during, and after mating...
July 7, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Norbert Lovasz, Andrea Koncz, Dora Domokos, Robert Gaspar, György Falkay
AIM: To investigate whether ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels modulate the tocolytic effect of β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) agonists (ritodrine and salmeterol) in early-pregnant (day 6) and late-pregnant (day 22) rat uterus in vitro, in order to examine the relation between the K(ATP) channel sulphonylurea-binding regulatory subunit (SUR) expression and pharmacological reactivity of β2-AR agonists. METHODS: The tocolytic effects of ritodrine and salmeterol (10(-10)-10(-5) M) on spontaneous rhythmic contractions were investigated cumulatively, alone, or in the presence of the K(ATP) channel blocker glibenclamide (10(-6) M) and the K(ATP) channel opener pinacidil (10(-9)-10(-7) M) after 5-min preincubation...
April 2015: Croatian Medical Journal
Ana Mijušković, Aleksandra Nikolić Kokić, Zorana Oreščanin Dušić, Marija Slavić, Mihajlo B Spasić, Duško Blagojević
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulphide reduces uterine contractility and is of potential interest as a treatment for uterine disorders. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of sodium sulphide (Na2 S)-induced relaxation of rat uterus, investigate the importance of redox effects and ion channel-mediated mechanisms, and any interactions between these two mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Organ bath studies were employed to assess the pharmacological effects of Na2 S in uterine strips by exposing them to Na2 S with or without Cl(-) channel blockers (DIDS, NFA, IAA-94, T16Ainh-A01, TA), raised KCl (15 and 75 mM), K(+) channel inhibitors (glibenclamide, TEA, 4-AP), L-type Ca(2+) channel activator (S-Bay K 8644), propranolol and methylene blue...
July 2015: British Journal of Pharmacology
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