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M M Bhatti, A Zeeshan, R Ellahi
In this article, simultaneous effects of coagulation (blood clot) and variable magnetic field on peristaltically induced motion of non-Newtonian Jeffrey nanofluid containing gyrotactic microorganism through an annulus have been studied. The effects of an endoscope also taken into consideration in our study as a special case. The governing flow problem is simplified by taking the approximation of long wavelength and creeping flow regime. The resulting highly coupled differential equations are solved analytically with the help of perturbation method and series solution have been presented up to second order approximation...
November 28, 2016: Microvascular Research
Vilhelm Müller, Fredrika Rajer, Karolin Frykholm, Lena K Nyberg, Saair Quaderi, Joachim Fritzsche, Erik Kristiansson, Tobias Ambjörnsson, Linus Sandegren, Fredrik Westerlund
Bacterial plasmids are extensively involved in the rapid global spread of antibiotic resistance. We here present an assay, based on optical DNA mapping of single plasmids in nanofluidic channels, which provides detailed information about the plasmids present in a bacterial isolate. In a single experiment, we obtain the number of different plasmids in the sample, the size of each plasmid, an optical barcode that can be used to identify and trace the plasmid of interest and information about which plasmid that carries a specific resistance gene...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
Imran Ullah, Ilyas Khan, Sharidan Shafie
In the present work, the effects of chemical reaction on hydromagnetic natural convection flow of Casson nanofluid induced due to nonlinearly stretching sheet immersed in a porous medium under the influence of thermal radiation and convective boundary condition are performed numerically. Moreover, the effects of velocity slip at stretching sheet wall are also examined in this study. The highly nonlinear-coupled governing equations are converted to nonlinear ordinary differential equations via similarity transformations...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Yu-Zhen Lv, Chao Li, Qian Sun, Meng Huang, Cheng-Rong Li, Bo Qi
Dispersion stability of nanoparticles in the liquid media is of great importance to the utilization in practice. This study aims to investigate the effects of mechanical dispersion method on the dispersibility of functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles in the transformer oil. Dispersion methods, including stirring, ultrasonic bath, and probe processes, were systematically tested to verify their versatility for preparing stable nanofluid. The test results reveal that the combination of ultrasonic bath process and stirring method has the best dispersion efficiency and the obtained nanofluid possesses the highest AC breakdown strength...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Quan Xie, Fang Xin, Hyung Gyu Park, Chuanhua Duan
Carbon nanofluidic structures made of carbon nanotubes or graphene/graphene oxide have shown great promise in energy and environment applications due to the newly discovered fast and selective mass transport. However, they have yet to be utilized in nanofluidic devices for lab-on-a-chip applications because of great challenges in their fabrication and integration. Herein we report the fabrication of two-dimensional planar graphene nanochannel devices and the study of ion transport inside a graphene nanochannel array...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
Omar Torres-Mendieta, Rosa Mondragron, Verónica Puerto-Belda, Omel Mendoza-Yero, Jesús Lancis, J Enrique Bolivar, Gladys Mínguez-Vega
Solar energy is extended over wide geographical areas and is becoming an essential tool to keep the ever-increasing demand of energy with minimal environmental impact. A solar nanofluid is a novel solar receiver concept for efficient harvesting of solar radiation based on volumetric absorption of directly irradiated nanoparticles in a heat transfer fluid. Herein, the fabrication of a solar nanofluid by pulsed laser ablation in liquids was explored. This study was conducted with the ablation of bulk tin immersed in ethylene glycol with a femtosecond laser...
November 22, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
U S Mahabaleshwar, P N Vinay Kumar, Mikhail Sheremet
The present paper investigates the effect of a mathematical model describing the aforementioned process in which the ambient nanofluid in the presence of suction/injection and magnetic field are taken into consideration. The flow is induced by an infinite elastic sheet which is stretched along its own plane. The stretching/shrinking of the sheet is assumed to be proportional to the distance from the slit. The governing equations are reduced to a nonlinear ordinary differential equation by means of similarity transformation...
2016: SpringerPlus
Zhiliang Zhang, Wenxiu He, Jianzhong Zheng, Guangquan Wang, Jianbing Ji
Nanofluids, colloidal suspensions consisting of base fluids and nanoparticles, are a new generation of engineering working fluids. Nanofluids have shown great potential in heat/mass transfer applications. However, their practical applications are limited by the high production cost and low stability. In this study, a low-cost agricultural waste, rice husk ash (RHA), was used as a silicon source to the synthesis of silica nanofluids. First, silica nanoparticles with an average size of 47 nm were synthesized...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Colleen E O'Neil, Scott Taylor, Kumuditha Ratnayake, Swathi Pullagurla, Varshni Singh, Steven A Soper
The ethylene/norbornene content within cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) is well known to affect the chemical and physical properties of the copolymer, such as the glass transition temperature (Tg) and transparency. However, no work has been reported evaluating the effects of the ethylene/norbornene content on the surface properties of COC following UV/O3 or O2 plasma activation. Activation with either O2 plasma or UV/O3 is often used to assist in thermal assembly of fluidic devices, increasing the wettability of the surfaces, or generating functional scaffolds for the attachment of biological elements...
November 9, 2016: Analyst
Benoit Grosjean, Clarisse Péan, Alessandro Siria, Lyderic Bocquet, Rodolphe Vuilleumier, Marie-Laure Bocquet
Recent nanofluidic measurements revealed strongly different surface charge mea- surements for boron-nitride and graphitic nanotubes when in contact with saline and alkaline water.1,2 These observations contrast with the similar reactivity of a graphene layer and its boron nitride counterpart, using Density Functional Theory (DFT) frame- work, for intact and dissociative adsorption of gaseous water molecules. Here, we in- vestigate by DFT in implicit water single and multiple adsorption of anionic hydroxide on single layers...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Pouriya Esmaeilzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Sadeghi, Alireza Bahramian, Zahra Fakhroueian, Ali Zarbakhsh
Construction of surfaces with the capability of repelling both water and oil is a challenging issue. We report the superamphiphobic properties of mineral surfaces coated with nanofluids based on synthesized Co-doped and Ce-doped Barium Strontium Titanate (CoBST and CeBST) nanoparticles and fluorochemicals of trichloro(1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyl)silane (PFOS) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Coating surfaces with these nanofluids provides both oil (with surface tensions as low as 23 mN/m) and water repellency...
November 1, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lian Duan, Zhen Cao, Levent Yobas
This study presents pressure-driven chromatographic separation characteristics of integrated nanofluidic channels (nanocapillaries) featuring distinct cross-sectional geometries: cylindrical, triangular, and rectangular profiles. Cylindrical and triangular nanocapillaries are self-enclosed robust conduits realized through standard semiconductor processing techniques using low-resolution photolithography. Specifically, capillaries in nominal radius 300 and 500 nm have been investigated for chromatographic separation in comparison to 750-nm-deep nanoslits as well as triangular capillaries featuring an inscribed circle about 500 nm in radius...
November 1, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Giacomo Bruno, Giancarlo Canavese, Xuewu Liu, Carly S Filgueira, Adriano Sacco, Danilo Demarchi, Mauro Ferrari, Alessandro Grattoni
We report an electro-nanofluidic membrane for tunable, ultra-low power drug delivery employing an ionic field effect transistor. Therapeutic release from a drug reservoir was successfully modulated, with high energy efficiency, by actively adjusting the surface charge of slit-nanochannels 50, 110, and 160 nm in size, by the polarization of a buried gate electrode and the consequent variation of the electrical double layer in the nanochannel. We demonstrated control over the transport of ionic species, including two relevant hypertension drugs, atenolol and perindopril, that could benefit from such modulation...
October 27, 2016: Nanoscale
Xiaomeng Shang, Ganhua Xie, Xiang-Yu Kong, Zhen Zhang, Yuqi Zhang, Wei Tian, Liping Wen, Lei Jiang
A novel CO2 -driven ionic gate, mimicking the function of olfactory sensory neurons of mosquitoes, is successfully developed by functionalizing the walls of the nanochannels using 1-(4-amino-phenyl)-2,2,2-trifluoro-ethanone. This artificial nanochannel can switch between the ON-state and OFF-state in the presence and absence of CO2 , with an ultrahigh gating ratio of up to 1250, and has potential applications in CO2 -related sensing, gating, and nanofluidic systems.
October 27, 2016: Advanced Materials
M Zubair Akbar Qureshi, Qammar Rubbab, Saadia Irshad, Salman Ahmad, M Aqeel
Energy generation is currently a serious concern in the progress of human civilization. In this regard, solar energy is considered as a significant source of renewable energy. The purpose of the study is to establish a thermal energy model in the presence of spherical Au-metallic nanoparticles. It is numerical work which studies unsteady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluid flow through porous disks with heat and mass transfer aspects. Shaped factor of nanoparticles is investigated using small values of the permeable Reynolds number...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Lingling Zhang, Huan Qi, Zhengxu Yan, Yu Gu, Weiqiang Sun, Abraham Amenay Zewde
The present study evaluated inactivation efficiency of a sonophotocatalytic process using ZnO nanofluids including ultrasonic parameters such as power density, frequency and time. The result showed that inactivation efficiency was increased by 20% when ultrasonic irradiation was combined with photocatalytic process in the presence of natural light. Comparison of inactivation efficiency in photocatalytic, ultrasonic and sonocatalytic processes using Escherichia coli as a model bacteria identified that inactivation efficiencies are shown in the following order: ultrasonic irradiation<sonocatalysis<photocatalysis<sonophotocatalysis...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Gil Henkin, Daniel Berard, Francis Stabile, Marjan Shayegan, Jason S Leith, Sabrina R Leslie
We present a dynamically adjustable nanofluidic platform for formatting the conformations of and visualizing the interaction kinetics between biomolecules in solution, offering new time resolution and control of the reaction processes. This platform extends Convex Lens-induced Confinement (CLiC), a technique for imaging molecules under confinement, by introducing a system for in-situ modification of the chemical environment; this system uses a deep microchannel to diffusively exchange reagents within the nanoscale imaging region, whose height is fixed by a nanopost array...
October 21, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Margherita Bassu, Peter Holik, Sam Schmitz, Siegfried Steltenkamp, Thomas P Burg
Nanofluidic devices exhibit unique, tunable transport properties that may lead to breakthroughs in molecular separations and sensing. However, the throughput of these devices is orders of magnitude too small for the processing of macroscopic samples. Here we overcome this problem by combining two technological innovations. First, nanofluidic channels are made as vertical slits connecting the two sides of a silicon nitride membrane. Arbitrary arrays of such nanoslits down to 15 nm wide with <6 Å uniformity were made by merging the idea of templating with chemical mechanical polishing to create a scalable, nanolithography-free wafer level process...
November 15, 2016: Lab on a Chip
David Olagnier, Cindy Chiang, John Hiscott
The dynamics of chromatin structure contribute to the regulation of gene transcription and in part, the changes in chromatin structure associated with gene activation/repression are a function of the state of histone acetylation. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) deacetylate histone tails leading to a more compact structure of chromatin that in turn represses gene transcription. Given the rapid activation and/or repression of gene networks following microbial infection, the role of HDACs in the epigenetic regulation of genes involved in the innate and adaptive immune responses has become an area of extensive research...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Richard M Crooks
This article provides a summary of the Faraday Discussion on single entity electrochemistry held in York, U.K., in early September, 2016. The introduction provides some context for thinking about electrochemical studies of single entities. The next four sections follow the themes of the meeting as they relate to single-entity electrochemistry: (1) nanoparticles, nanotubes, and nanowires; (2) nanopores and nanofluidics; (3) complex surfaces and reactions at the nanoscale; and (4) molecular electroanalysis. Each paper presented at the Discussion is summarized, and some personal thoughts as to the significance of the findings, the technical advances that made the experiments possible, and common themes between articles are interspersed...
October 20, 2016: Faraday Discussions
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