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Ayurveda

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917376/ayurvedic-versus-conventional-dietary-and-lifestyle-counseling-for-mothers-with-burnout-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-including-a-qualitative-evaluation
#1
Christian S Kessler, Clemens Eisenmann, Frank Oberzaucher, Martin Forster, Nico Steckhan, Larissa Meier, Elmar Stapelfeldt, Andreas Michalsen, Michael Jeitler
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda claims to be effective in the treatment of psychosomatic disorders by means of lifestyle and nutritional counseling. DESIGN: In a randomized controlled study mothers with burnout were randomized into two groups: Ayurvedic nutritional counseling (according to tradition), and conventional nutritional counseling (following the recommendations of a family doctor). Patients received five counseling sessions over twelve weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes included levels of burnout, quality of life, sleep, stress, depression/anxiety, and spirituality at three and six months...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893570/phytoestrogenic-effect-of-inula-racemosa-hook-f-a-cardioprotective-root-drug-in-traditional-medicine
#2
Mangathayaru Kalachaveedu, Divya Raghavan, Srivani Telapolu, Sarah Kuruvilla, Balakrishna Kedike
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Roots of Inula racemosa are used as a cardio protective in Ayurveda in India, being prescribed as a medicine for precordial chest pain, cough and dyspnoea, both singly and as a poly herbal. AIM: Evaluation of Phytoestrogenic activity of the root extracts of Inula racemosa and compounds isolated therefrom in vivo, in silico and in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Alcohol (IrA) and hexane (IrH) extracts characterized by HPTLC/GC-MS analysis respectively and processed for compound isolation were evaluated for estrogenic activity (100 & 250mg/kg bw) by the Immature rat uterotrophic assay using ethinylestradiol (EE -30µg/kg bw) as standard drug...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876177/ancient-indian-concepts-about-phenomenology-biology-and-therapeutics-of-epilepsy
#3
Ravindra Arya
This article discusses etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms, and treatment of epilepsy, as described in Charaka Samhitā (translation: Charaka's Compendium) and Sushruta Samhitā, the two core texts of Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine. Ayurveda emphasized amnesia and loss of consciousness as core features of epileptic seizures (Sanskrit: apasmar; translation: apa negation, smaran memory) and recognized that seizures occur due to a disturbance in brain function or flow of "humors" to the brain. Semiology of various seizure types was well described...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875835/the-biological-potentialsof-indian-traditional-medicine-curcumin-for-treating-human-diseases
#4
C S Sumathi
Curcumin is an active compound extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric). It possesses a di phenolic structure and there are three important fractions of curcumin namely curcumin, mono-desmethoxycurcumin and bis-desmethoxycurcumin. Curcumin is having high medicinal value. It is widely in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani medicine formulations to treat various diseases. It is effective against microbial pathogens like bacteria, virus and fungi. It is highly potent and kills cancerous cells. Curcumin exhibits antioxidant activity and reduces lipoperoxidation...
August 30, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874921/functional-medicine-approach-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Alice C Richer
Background: The U.S. military has seen dramatic increases in traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among military personnel due to the nature of modern-day conflicts. Conventional TBI treatment for secondary brain injuries has suboptimal success rates, and patients, families, and healthcare professionals are increasingly turning to alternative medicine treatments. Objective: Effective treatments for the secondary injury cascades that occur after an initial brain trauma are unclear at this time. The goal of successful treatment options for secondary TBI injuries is to reduce oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and inflammation while supporting mitochondrial functions and repair of membranes, synapses, and axons...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867936/cultural-aspects-of-anxiety-disorders-in-india
#6
Maherra Khambaty, Rajesh M Parikh
Cultural factors have influenced the presentation, diagnoses, and treatment of anxiety disorders in India for several centuries. This review covers the antecedents, prevalence, phenomenology, and treatment modalities of anxiety disorders in the Indian cultural context. It covers the history of the depiction of anxiety in India and the concept of culture in the classification of anxiety disorders, and examines the cultural factors influencing anxiety disorders in India. We review the prevalence and phenomenology of various disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety, and phobic disorder, as well as culture-specific syndromes such as dhat and koro in India...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867854/predatory-conferences-in-the-field-of-ayurveda-and-alternative-medicine-need-for-quality-checks
#7
EDITORIAL
P Ram Manohar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860989/ethnopharmacological-approaches-for-therapy-of-jaundice-part-i
#8
REVIEW
Devesh Tewari, Andrei Mocan, Emil D Parvanov, Archana N Sah, Seyed M Nabavi, Lukasz Huminiecki, Zheng Feei Ma, Yeong Yeh Lee, Jarosław O Horbańczuk, Atanas G Atanasov
Jaundice is a very common symptom especially in the developing countries. It is associated with several hepatic diseases which are still major causes of death. There are many different approaches to jaundice treatment and the growing number of ethnomedicinal studies shows the plant pharmacology as very promising direction. Many medicinal plants are used for the treatment of jaundice, however a comprehensive review on this subject has not been published. The use of medicinal plants in drug discovery is highly emphasized (based on their traditional and safe uses in different folk medicine systems from ancient times)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859934/acacia-nilotica-leaf-improves-insulin-resistance-and-hyperglycemia-associated-acute-hepatic-injury-and-nephrotoxicity-by-improving-systemic-antioxidant-status-in-diabetic-mice
#9
Manas Ranjan Saha, Priyankar Dey, Indrani Sarkar, Dilip De Sarker, Biswajit Haldar, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri, Arnab Sen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile is used as a traditional anti-diabetic remedy in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, Nigeria and is mentioned in Ayurveda as well. AIM: The objective of the study was to evaluate the ethnomedicinal claim of A. nilotica leaf (ANL) extract for its efficiency in ameliorating diabetic complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ANL was orally administrated (50 and 200mg/kg) to alloxanized mice (blood glucose > 200mg/dL) for 20d...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832626/the-effect-of-bacopa-monnieri-on-gene-expression-levels-in-sh-sy5y-human-neuroblastoma-cells
#10
How-Wing Leung, Gabriel Foo, Gokulakrishna Banumurthy, Xiaoran Chai, Sujoy Ghosh, Tora Mitra-Ganguli, Antonius M J VanDongen
Bacopa monnieri is a plant used as a nootropic in Ayurveda, a 5000-year-old system of traditional Indian medicine. Although both animal and clinical studies supported its role as a memory enhancer, the molecular and cellular mechanism underlying Bacopa's nootropic action are not understood. In this study, we used deep sequencing (RNA-Seq) to identify the transcriptome changes upon Bacopa treatment on SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. We identified several genes whose expression levels were regulated by Bacopa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829155/efficacy-and-safety-of-ashwagandha-root-extract-in-subclinical-hypothyroid-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Ashok Kumar Sharma, Indraneel Basu, Siddarth Singh
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism, a thyroid disorder without obvious symptoms of thyroid deficiency, occurs in 3%-8% of the global population. Ashwagandha [Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal], a traditional medicine in Ayurveda, is often prescribed for thyroid dysfunctions. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ashwagandha root extract in subclinical hypothyroid patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, single-center placebo-controlled study was performed at Sudbhawana Hospital, Varanasi, India between May 2016 and September 2016...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822619/experiential-documentation-of-trimad-for-its-anti-obesity-potential-a%C3%A2-survey-of-ayurvedic-physicians-from-pune-city
#12
Megha Salunke, Manasi Deshpande, Supriya Bhalerao
BACKGROUND: Trimad is an Ayurvedic polyherbal formulation consisting of tubers of Mustaka (Cyperus rotundus), fruits of Vidanga (Embelia ribes) and roots of Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica). It is recommended in Ayurveda for the management of obesity. However, there is no documented evidence about its safety and efficacy. Hence, as a first step, we carried out a survey to find out its usage by Ayurvedic physicians and their personal clinical experiences while using the formulation. METHODOLOGY: A questionnaire was designed which included questions regarding the usage, dosage, formulation, safety and tolerability of Trimad...
July 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764202/antimicrobial-effect-of-leaves-of-phyllanthus-niruri-and-solanum-nigrum-on-caries-causing-bacteria-an-in-vitro-study
#13
J Sunitha, Swathy Krishna, R Ananthalakshmi, J Sathiya Jeeva, As Smiline Girija, Nadeem Jeddy
INTRODUCTION: Solanum nigrum and Phyllanthus niruri are common herbs which are indigeneous to India. Solanum nigrum commonly called 'manathakkali Keerai' in Tamil, forms an indispensable part of South Indian diet. Phyllanthus niruri (keezhanelli in Tamil) is a widely used medicinal plant, the leaves of which have been used extensively in Ayurveda and native medicine to cure various liver ailments. The herbs Solanumnigrum and Phyllanthus niruri have been found to be effective against numerous enteropathogens in various in vitro studies...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764201/the-need-and-importance-of-incorporating-academic-research-results-in-to-the-curricula-of-ayurveda-in-india
#14
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
Every year a noticeable number of MD and PhD students pass out from various Ayurveda colleges across the country. Each of these Post Graduate (PG) and doctoral students do submit a research thesis as a part of fulfillment of their respective degrees. As on 01/04/2015 there were 98 PG Ayurveda colleges in India with an admission capacity of 2441 seats each year. Moreover many of the post graduate institutes provide doctoral level (PhD) education which is primarily involved with research thesis. Such meticulous research carried out under the supervision of an academic expert should not go in vein and hence the research findings need to be slotted in to the respective areas and disciplines of Ayurveda syllabus...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757225/clinical-evaluation-of-vatari-guggulu-maharasnadi-kwatha-and-narayan-taila-in-the-management-of-osteoarthritis-knee
#15
Anil Mangal, M N Shubhasree, Pramila Devi, A D Jadhav, Sai A Prasad, Kisore Kumar, Sarada Otta, K S Dhiman
BACKGROUND: In present era, pharmacological, bio-chemical and surgical interventions are not success remedy for Osteoarthritis (OA). Ayurveda and other complementary medicine have medication for OA. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of therapeutic combination of Vatari guggulu along with Maharasnadi kwatha and Narayan taila with gentle massage for 15 min daily up to 12 weeks on affected knee joint pain assessed on Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC)...
July 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727758/longevity-effect-of-a-polysaccharide-from-chlorophytum-borivilianum-on-caenorhabditis-elegans-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#16
Steve Thomas Pannakal, Sibylle Jäger, Albert Duranton, Amit Tewari, Subarna Saha, Aneesha Radhakrishnan, Nita Roy, Jean François Kuntz, Soraya Fermas, Darryl James, Jane Mellor, Namita Misra, Lionel Breton
The traditional Indian medicine, Ayurveda, provides insights and practical solutions towards a healthy life style. Rasayana is a branch of Ayurveda known for preserving and promoting health, enhancing the quality of life and delaying the aging process. In the traditional knowledge, the Rasayana herb, Chlorophytum borivilianum (C. borivilanum) is regarded as a general health promoting tonic that delays aging and increases lifespan, cognitive function and physical strength. Aging is a complex and multifactorial physiological phenomenon that manifests itself over a wide range of biological systems, tissues, and functions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724259/herbal-pre-conditioning-induces-proliferation-and-delays-senescence-in-wharton-s-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#17
Avinash Sanap, Bhawna Chandravanshi, Tejas Shah, Girish Tillu, Anand Dhanushkodi, Ramesh Bhonde, Kalpana Joshi
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells which are being explored for various clinical applications. Isolation and in-vitro expansion of MSCs remain important in achieving desired cell number for the therapy. However, in-vitro proliferation of MSCs is often associated with senescence and early onset of apoptosis which limits its therapeutic ability and long term clinical use. Tinospora cordifolia and Withania somnifera are used widely in Ayurveda: the traditional Indian system of medicine and are reported to have rejuvenating and anti-aging potential...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696777/therapeutic-uses-of-triphala-in-ayurvedic-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Christine Tara Peterson, Kate Denniston, Deepak Chopra
AIM: The aim of this article is to review the current literature on the therapeutic uses and efficacy of Triphala. Herbal remedies are among the most ancient medicines used in traditional systems of healthcare such as Ayurveda. Triphala, a well-recognized and highly efficacious polyherbal Ayurvedic medicine consisting of fruits of the plant species Emblica officinalis (Amalaki), Terminalia bellerica (Bibhitaki), and Terminalia chebula (Haritaki), is a cornerstone of gastrointestinal and rejuvenative treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688542/evaluation-of-apoptotic-activity-of-withania-coagulans-methanolic-extract-against-human-breast-cancer-and-vero-cell-lines
#19
Rumana Ahmad, Afreen Fatima, A N Srivastava, Mohsin Ali Khan
BACKGROUND: The genus Withania (Family: Solanaceae) holds an important position in Ayurveda, the Indian traditional system of medicine. Withania somnifera Dunal and Withania coagulans Dunal have been documented in folklore as panaceas for various ailments since time immemorial. W. coagulans (WC), commonly called as Indian cheese maker is used for fermenting milk for cheese production in various parts of India. OBJECTIVES: In the study, in vitro cytotoxicity of methanolic extract of dried fruits (berries) of WC was evaluated in a dose dependent manner using trypan blue dye exclusion method against human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 and normal kidney epithelial cell line Vero in the range 20-200 μg/ml...
July 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677317/ayurvedic-plumbism
#20
Matthew Sadler, Sarah Bell
Ayurveda is a traditional medicine native to India but is used in many parts of the world as an alternative or adjunct to standard medicine. Preparation can involve incorporation of heavy metals, including lead. We report the case of a 64-year-old man presenting with malaise, abdominal pain, anaemia and very high lead levels. He was found to be taking ayurvedic medicines to help his diabetic control. Analysis of the ayurvedic medications showed several with very high lead content. Following treatment with an oral chelating agent, the patient's symptoms and blood abnormalities resolved...
July 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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