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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738310/historical-and-cross-cultural-perspectives-on-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Lee Xenakis Blonder
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, affecting up to 10 million people worldwide according to the Parkinson's Disease Foundation. Epidemiological and genetic studies show a preponderance of idiopathic cases and a subset linked to genetic polymorphisms of a familial nature. Traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda recognized and treated the illness that Western Medicine terms PD millennia ago, and descriptions of Parkinson's symptomatology by Europeans date back 2000 years to the ancient Greek physician Galen...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720821/chemical-composition-and-cytotoxic-activity-of-methanol-extract-and-its-fractions-of-streblus-asper-leaves-on-human-cancer-cell-lines
#2
Preeti Rawat, Anil Kumar, Tryambak Deo Singh, Mahesh Pal
Background: Streblus asper , family Moraceae is well-known important medicinal plant used in the Indian system of medicine. In Ayurveda, stem bark of S. asper is recommended against elephantiasis for which there is still no any other effective medicine in the modern system of medicine. Objectives: In the present work, methanol extract (SAM) and its fractions of S. asper leave tested for in vitro anticancer activity against cancer cell lines (MCF-7, A-549, Hep-G2, and K-562) which claims its folklore importance in cancer and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry identification of extracts was also performed...
April 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715759/cardioprotective-effect-of-amaranthus-tricolor-extract-in-isoprenaline-induced-myocardial-damage-in-ovariectomized-rats
#3
Kamrun Nahar, Fariha Kabir, Priota Islam, Md Mizanur Rahman, Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Md Faruk, Nusrat Subhan, G M Sayedur Rahman, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Md Ashraful Alam
Red spinach (Amaranthus tricolor) has been reported to possess many benefits and medicinal properties and used as a part of traditional medicine in Ayurveda and Siddha. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of Amaranthus tricolor on isoproterenol-induced oxidative stress, fibrosis, and myocardial damage in ovariectomized rats. Ovariectomy surgery was conducted to remove both ovaries from the rats. After recovery, rats were administered with ISO subcutaneously (50 mg/kg) twice a week and were treated with ethanolic extracts of A...
April 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712492/a-critical-review-on-the-concept-of-avapeedaka-snehapana-a-special-mode-of-lipid-administration
#4
P B Kadambari, Prasanth Dharmarajan, C K Prathibha, P V Anandaraman
Avapeedaka Snehapana is a unique and special method of internal administration of Sneha dravya (unctuous medicine) mentioned in the classical ayurveda texts. It is mainly indicated in mutravegarodha janya vikara (diseases due to the suppression of urge of micturition). Because of the lack of adequate review and analysis, this method of administration of snehapana (internal administration of lipid) is losing its significance from the practices and the concept remains unexplored. The reasons for not being practiced like other snehana (oleation therapy) procedures are because of the less understanding of the concept of administration, scattered and minimal textual references...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709412/phytochemical-profile-and-pharmacological-activity-of-aegle-marmelos-linn
#5
REVIEW
Bikash Manandhar, Keshav Raj Paudel, Biraj Sharma, Rajendra Karki
Aegle marmelos Linn. (Rutaceae), commonly known as "bael" in Nepal and India, is a valuable medicinal plant and is considered sacred by the Hindus. It is used to cure several diseases in the Indian traditional medicine system of Ayurveda and has had similar uses among many ethnic communities residing in Indian subcontinent for over 5000 years. Its leaves, bark, stem, fruits and seeds have been used for various medicinal purposes. Bael fruits are especially effective in the treatment of chronic diarrhea, dysentery and peptic ulcers, while they are also useful as a laxative and cure for respiratory infections...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699954/the-national-medical-commission-more-of-the-same
#6
George Thomas
The Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has accepted six amendments to the National Medical Commission Bill suggested by the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee (1). These amendments are: the proposed National Licentiate Examination has been replaced by a countrywide final MBBS examination called the National Exit Test (NEXT); the bridge course to train practitioners from AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy) in modern medicine has been removed, and it has been left to individual states to take a decision about this; the percentage of seats in private medical training institutions under fee regulation has been increased from 40% to 50%; the number of nominees from the states and Union territories who are members of the Commission has been increased from three to six; the penalties for non-compliance with educational norms for colleges has been modified; and the punishment for practising modern medicine without qualification has been made imprisonment up to one year and a fine of Rs 5 lakh...
April 16, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620265/ashwagandha-root-extract-exerts-anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-effects-in-hacat-cells-by-inhibiting-the-mapk-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-and-by-regulating-cytokines
#7
Abudubari Sikandan, Takahisa Shinomiya, Yukitoshi Nagahara
A paste composed of the boiled leaves and roots of the Ashwagandha plant is used to cure ulcer and swelling in Ayurvedic medicine. However, the effects of the hot water extract of Ashwagandha roots (ASH‑WEX), which is also used in Ayurveda, on skin have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, the present study investigated the anti‑inflammatory activity of ASH‑WEX on skin, by using the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. The results indicated that ASH‑WEX significantly inhibited mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)‑8, IL‑6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF‑α), IL‑1β and IL‑12, and promoted the mRNA expression of the anti‑inflammatory cytokine transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β1 in HaCaT cells...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616560/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-in-pediatric-inpatients
#8
Mukesh Dhankar
The aim was to study the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use in acutely sick hospitalized children and factors associated with it. This is a cross-sectional, hospital-based study in a tertiary care center of Delhi, India. Children admitted to a pediatric unit during the study period were assessed using a specially designed questionnaire. Out of the total 887 admitted children, 161 (18.1%) were using complementary and alternate medicine in one form or another. Of these, 113 (70.2%) were using complementary and alternate medicine for the current illness directly leading to admission and the remaining 48 (29...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615020/purification-and-mic-analysis-of-antimicrobial-proteins-from-cucumis-sativus-l-seeds
#9
Raid Al Akeel, Ayesha Mateen, Khalid K Alharbi, Abdullah A Alyousef, Hazem M Al-Mandeel, Rabbani Syed
BACKGROUND: Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber), from the family Cucurbitaceae, is a therapeutic plant with various pharmacological benefits, broadly utilized as a part of complementary medicine (e.g., Unani, Ayurveda, Siddha, and Traditional Chinese). In light of past research discoveries, this plant had been chosen to consider its potential antibacterial action. METHODS: Extracts were purified by dialysis and ion exchange chromatography strategy and then assayed for antibacterial activity against four standard pathogenic bacterial strains known to cause foodborne infections and spoilage of food and herbal drugs...
April 3, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605674/therapeutic-potentials-of-houttuynia-cordata-thunb-against-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Khanchuila Shingnaisui, Tapan Dey, Prasenjit Manna, Jatin Kalita
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (Family: Saururaceae) is an herbaceous perennial plant that grows in moist and shady places. The plant is well known among the people of diverse cultures across Japan, Korea, China and North-East India for its medicinal properties. Traditionally the plant is used for its various beneficial properties against inflammation, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, muscular sprain, stomach ulcer etc. Oxidative stress and inflammation were found to be linked with most of the diseases in recent times...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604378/taste-of-phytocompounds-a-better-predictor-for-ethnopharmacological-activities-of-medicinal-plants-than-the-phytochemical-class
#11
Dorin Dragos, Marilena Gilca
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Understanding the patterns that shape traditional medical knowledge is essential for accelerating ethnopharmacological progress. According to Ayurveda, medicinal plants that belong to different taxa, but which have similar taste, may display similar (ethno)pharmacological activities (EPAs) (Bhishagratna, 1998; Sharma and Dash, 2006). AIM OF THE STUDY: To understand the patterns that govern the distribution of herbal EPAs in Ayurveda and to evaluate the potential concordance between chemical class or taste of the constituent phytocompounds and EPAs...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601073/do-ayurveda-drugs-induce-liver-injury
#12
COMMENT
Galib Ruknuddin
Drugs fulfilling the criterion of a standard drug will always become panacea provided, if they are used properly. On the other hand, a poorly manufactured drug however used skillfully, will prove to be a poison. Texts of Ayurveda, do mention hazards of drugs, which are not properly manufactured or administered. Art of drug administration is unique in this ancient medical science that cautions towards concentrating on dose, indications, contra-indications, suitable vehicle, specific diet, certain restrictions etc ...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576440/evolution-of-dietary-preferences-and-the-innate-urge-to-heal-drug-discovery-lessons-from-ayurveda
#13
REVIEW
Akhila Hosur Shrungeswara, Mazhuvancherry Kesavan Unnikrishnan
Highly specialized and functionally integrated cognitive systems facilitate hedonistic and healthy food preferences. Guided by survival needs, flavor preferences not only select safe, nutritious dietary components, but also those with negligible calorific value but significant health benefits, for example, spices. Feeding behavior, both innate and acquired, is guided not only by taste receptors on the tongue but also visceral organs. The gustatory cortex receives information from all senses, not just taste, suggesting multiple checkpoints in predicting and evaluating healthy foods...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568663/tissue-based-metabolite-profiling-and-qualitative-comparison-of-two-species-of-achyranthes-roots-by-use-of-uhplc-qtof-ms-and-laser-micro-dissection
#14
Yogini Jaiswal, Zhitao Liang, Alan Ho, Hubiao Chen, Leonard Williams, Zhongzhen Zhao
Achyranthes bidentata and Achyranthes aspera are saponin and steroid rich medicinal plants, used extensively for therapeutic treatments in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Ayurveda. A. bidentata is reported to be one of the rare and extensively exploited medicinal plant species that face the issue of being endangered. Finding qualitative substitute with identical phyto-constituents contributing to similar composition and pharmacological benefits will help in reducing the burden of exploitation of the natural habitats of such plants...
February 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568169/efficacy-of-ayurvedic-drugs-as-compared-to-chlorhexidine-in-management-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#15
Neelam Mittal, Vinod Kumar Joshi, Ratan Kumar Srivastava, Shri Prakash Singh
Background: In India, Ayurveda is considered to be more effective and cheaper than modern medicine. Ayurvedic literature shows its use in treating oral diseases also. However, their effectiveness, in comparison with the allopathic mode of management, has not been assessed previously. The aim of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to compare the efficacy of ayurvedic drugs over chlorhexidine in treating chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and eight participants, in the age group 20-49 years, suffering from mild-to-moderate chronic periodontitis were included in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565634/prebiotic-potential-of-herbal-medicines-used-in-digestive-health-and-disease
#16
Christine Tara Peterson, Vandana Sharma, Sasha Uchitel, Kate Denniston, Deepak Chopra, Paul J Mills, Scott N Peterson
INTRODUCTION: The prebiotic potential of herbal medicines has been scarcely studied. METHODS: The authors therefore used anaerobic human fecal cultivation to investigate whether three herbal medicines commonly used in gastrointestinal health and disease in Ayurveda alter the growth and abundance of specific bacterial species. RESULTS: Profiling of cultures supplemented with Glycyrrhiza glabra, Ulmus rubra, or triphala formulation by 16S rDNA sequencing revealed profound changes in diverse taxa in human gut microbiota...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555257/biomedical-waste-management-in-ayurveda-hospitals-current-practices-future-prospectives
#17
REVIEW
Renju Rajan, Delvin T Robin, Vandanarani M
Biomedical waste management is an integral part of traditional and contemporary system of health care. The paper focuses on the identification and classification of biomedical wastes in Ayurvedic hospitals, current practices of its management in Ayurveda hospitals and its future prospective. Databases like PubMed (1975-2017 Feb), Scopus (1960-2017), AYUSH Portal, DOAJ, DHARA and Google scholar were searched. We used the medical subject headings 'biomedical waste' and 'health care waste' for identification and classification...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544902/pharmacognostic-characterization-of-myrica-esculenta-leaves
#18
Atul Kabra, Rohit Sharma, Shivali Singla, Ruchika Kabra, Uttam Singh Baghel
BACKGROUND: Myrica esculenta (Family: Myricaceae) commonly known as Kaiphala or Katphala is a widely used medicinal plant in Ayurveda. In spite of its numerous medicinal attributes, no published work is available till date on pharmacognostical characterization and HPTLC analysis of its leaves. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the pharmacognostical, physicochemical, and HPTLC profiles of M. esculenta leaves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The measures taken for pharmacognostical characterization were organoleptic study, macroscopy, microscopy, powder microscopy, leaf constant, fluorescence analysis, preliminary phytochemical screening and HPTLC spectra profile...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530609/protective-effect-of-sesbania-grandiflora-on-acetic-acid-induced-ulcerative-colitis-in-mice-by-inhibition-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-6
#19
Rohit A Gupta, Meha N Motiwala, Ujawala N Mahajan, Sapna G Sabre
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The plant Sesbania grandiflora (Linn) belonging to the family Fabaceae is commonly known as sesbania, agathi, and katurai. The plant is accredited for alleviating a spectrum of ailments including inflammation, colitis, diarrhea, dysentery, leprosy, gout, rheumatism, jaundice, bronchitis, convulsion and anxiety. It is also used as antitumour, anthelmintic, and laxatives in Ayurveda and Siddha system of Indian traditional medicine. AIM: To reveal protective effect of Sesbania grandiflora in acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis in mice...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527057/tracing-the-development-of-psychosocial-rehabilitation-from-its-origin-to-the-current-with-emphasis-on-the-indian-context
#20
REVIEW
S Kalyana Sundaram, Sneha Kumar
Mental illness and mental health are concepts that have existed from time immemorial. In India, the Atharvaveda and Vedic texts and traditional medical systems such as Siddha, Unani, and Ayurveda have described mental health and disorders, in detail. The advent of the mental hospital brought in the 'chemical revolution' in psychiatric management. The early nineties witnessed the birth of psychiatric rehabilitation in India. These developments saw a shift from a biological to a biopsychosocial model. It embraced the individual, family, community and society into the treatment process...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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