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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245188/the-unmet-needs-of-aboriginal-australians-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#1
Ivan B Lin, Samantha Bunzli, Donna B Mak, Charmaine Green, Roger Goucke, Juli Coffin, Peter B O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) conditions are the biggest cause of disability and internationally, Indigenous peoples experience a higher burden. There are conflicting reports about Aboriginal Australians and MSP. We conducted a systematic review to describe the prevalence, associated factors, impacts, care access, health care experiences, and factors associated with MSP among Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: A systematic search of quantitative and qualitative scientific and grey literature (PROSPERO number: CRD42016038342)...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245168/-school-entrance-examination-for-lateral-entrants-what-can-and-what-should-they-be-able-to-do-a-discussion-contribution-based-on-the-data-from-the-health-authority-frankfurt-am-main-2006-2016
#2
Maria Karathana, Bernhard Krackhardt, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Question The medical investigation of school beginners is one of the essential tasks of the child and youth services of the health authorities. While in all federal states in Germany, the examination of all school beginners is legally clearly stipulated, the situation for "lateral entry", that is, children of school age, who are moving from a foreign country to a local German community and attending school there, is not clearly regulated in the respective school laws. This article presents the experiences of the lateral entry investigations in Frankfurt am Main...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245141/a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-the-literature-on-sexually-exploited-boys-internationally
#3
Melissa Moynihan, Katherine Mitchell, Claire Pitcher, Farinaz Havaei, Max Ferguson, Elizabeth Saewyc
This systematic review assessed the current state of the literature on sexually exploited boys internationally. We aimed to describe what is known about sexual exploitation of boys, identify gaps in the literature, provide implications for practice, and make recommendations for future research. Multiple database searches were conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords to capture child and adolescent sexual exploitation. Our search identified 11,099 unique references and excluded studies that did not include male participants less than 18 years old or disaggregate results by relevant age groups and/or by sex...
December 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245111/community-based-rehabilitation-offers-cost-effective-epilepsy-treatment-in-rural-guinea-bissau
#4
Eric van Diessen, Frank van der Maas, Vladimir Cabral, Willem M Otte
Treatment of epilepsy in low-income countries is a challenge considering the lack of resources, availability of antiepileptic drugs, and cultural beliefs. We used a community-based rehabilitation (CBR) service for the detection, monitoring, and treatment of epilepsy. A local network of trained community volunteers provided education, good quality antiepileptic drugs, and clinical follow-up for people with epilepsy (PWE). In a period of 2years, approximately 22,500 people were screened in central Guinea-Bissau, and 112 PWE were identified and registered...
December 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245103/long-acting-intramuscular-naltrexone-for-opioid-use-disorder-utilization-and-association-with-multi-morbidity-nationally-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#5
Megan M Kelly, Erin Reilly, Timothy Quiñones, Nitigna Desai, Robert Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Long acting intramuscular (IM) naltrexone is an effective treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD), but rates and correlates of its use have not been studied. METHODS: National administrative from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) from Fiscal Year 2012 identified only 16 VHA facilities that prescribed IM naltrexone to 5 or more veterans diagnosed with OUD. Data from these facilities were used to identify sociodemographic, diagnostic, and service use characteristics, including use of psychotropic medication, that were characteristic of veterans who filled prescriptions for IM naltrexone...
December 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245043/participation-and-needs-of-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-at-home-and-in-the-community-perceptions-of-children-and-parents
#6
Emmanuelle Jasmin, Sylvie Tétreault, Nadine Larivière, Jacques Joly
BACKGROUND: The existing literature provides only a partial understanding of the viewpoints of elementary school-aged children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) regarding their participation and needs. In order to plan and develop health and social services driven by a personalized approach, it is essential to further document their perceptions with those of their parents. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the participation and needs of school-aged children with DCD at home and in the community, as perceived by children and parents...
December 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244901/trauma-exposure-and-undetected-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-adults-with-a-mental-disorder
#7
Catrin Lewis, Lawrence Raisanen, Jonathan I Bisson, Ian Jones, Stan Zammit
BACKGROUND: Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among individuals with a mental disorder, but symptoms often go undetected and untreated. METHODS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PTSD among a large sample of adults with psychiatric diagnoses and to establish factors associated with symptoms going undetected. Participants were 1,946 adults recruited by the National Centre for Mental Health. Structured interviews and validated self-report questionnaires were used to ascertain clinical and demographic information for analysis...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244633/leveraging-the-global-health-service-partnership-model-for-workforce-development-in-global-radiation-oncology
#8
Omoruyi Credit Irabor, Vanessa Bradford Kerry, Juliet Matton, Wilfred Ngwa
A major contributor to the disparity in cancer outcome across the globe is the limited health care access in low- and middle-income countries that results from the shortfall in human resources for health (HRH), fomented by the limited training and leadership capacity of low-resource countries. In 2012, Seed Global Health teamed up with the Peace Corps to create the Global Health Service Partnership, an initiative that has introduced a novel model for tackling the HRH crises in developing regions of the world...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244168/factors-to-consider-in-the-introduction-of-huddles-on-clinical-wards-perceptions-of-staff-on-the-safe-programme
#9
Emily Stapley, Evelyn Sharples, Peter Lachman, Monica Lakhanpaul, Miranda Wolpert, Jessica Deighton
Objectives: To explore paediatric hospital staff members' perceptions of the emerging benefits and challenges of the huddle, a new safety improvement initiative, as well as the barriers and facilitators to its implementation. Design: A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews to explore staff perspectives and experiences. Setting: Situation Awareness For Everyone (SAFE), a safety improvement programme, was implemented on a sample of National Health Service (NHS) paediatric wards from September 2014 to June 2016...
December 13, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244107/the-importance-of-gender-analysis-in-research-for-health-systems-strengthening
#10
Sally Theobald, Rosemary Morgan, Kate Hawkins, Sarah Ssali, Asha George, Sassy Molyneux
This editorial discusses a collection of papers examining gender across a range of health policy and systems contexts, from access to services, governance, health financing, and human resources for health. The papers interrogate differing health issues and core health systems functions using a gender lens. Together they produce new knowledge on the multiple impacts of gender on health experiences and demonstrate the importance of gender analyses and gender sensitive interventions for promoting well-being and health systems strengthening...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244106/psychosocial-support-for-adolescent-girls-in-post-conflict-settings-beyond-a-health-systems-approach
#11
Fiona Samuels, Nicola Jones, Bassam Abu Hamad
Adaptive and adequately resourced health systems are necessary to achieve good health outcomes in post-conflict settings, however domains beyond the health system are also critical to ensure broader wellbeing. This paper focuses on the importance of psychosocial support services for adolescent girls in fragile contexts. Its starting point is that adolescence is a pivotal time in the life course but given the physical, cognitive and emotional changes triggered by the onset of puberty, it can also be a period of heightened sensitivity and vulnerability to trauma, social isolation, bullying by peers, a lack of supportive adults and gender-based and sexual violence...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244105/the-gendered-health-workforce-mixed-methods-analysis-from-four-fragile-and-post-conflict-contexts
#12
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Haja Wurie, Yotamu Chirwa, Sovanarith So, Sreytouch Vong, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Sally Theobald
It is well known that the health workforce composition is influenced by gender relations. However, little research has been done which examines the experiences of health workers through a gender lens, especially in fragile and post-conflict states. In these contexts, there may not only be opportunities to (re)shape occupational norms and responsibilities in the light of challenges in the health workforce, but also threats that put pressure on resources and undermine gender balance, diversity and gender responsive human resources for health (HRH)...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243941/critical-success-factors-in-implementing-an-e-rostering-system-in-a-healthcare-organisation
#13
Zahoor A Soomro, Javed Ahmed, Raza Muhammad, Dawn Hayes, Mahmood H Shah
Effective and efficient staff scheduling has always been a challenging issue, especially in health service organisations. Both the extremes of staff shortage and overage have an adverse impact on the performance of healthcare organisations. In this case, an electronic and systematic staff scheduling (e-rostering) system is the often seen as the best solution. Unless an organisation has an effective implementation of such a system, possible cost savings, efficiency, and benefits could be minimal. This study is aimed to research key success factors for the successful effective implementation of an electronic rostering system, especially at healthcare organisations...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243830/proceedings-of-the-food-and-drug-administration-s-public-workshop-on-new-red-blood-cell-product-regulatory-science-2016
#14
Jaroslav G Vostal, Paul W Buehler, Monique P Gelderman, Abdu I Alayash, Alan Doctor, James C Zimring, Simone A Glynn, John R Hess, Harvey Klein, Jason P Acker, Philip C Spinella, Angelo D'Alessandro, Bernhard Palsson, Thomas J Raife, Michael P Busch, Timothy J McMahon, Marcos Intaglietta, Harold M Swartz, Michael A Dubick, Sylvain Cardin, Rakesh P Patel, Charles Natanson, John W Weisel, Jennifer A Muszynski, Philip J Norris, Paul M Ness
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) held a workshop on red blood cell (RBC) product regulatory science on October 6 and 7, 2016, at the Natcher Conference Center on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Campus in Bethesda, Maryland. The workshop was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH; the Department of Defense; the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Department of Health and Human Services; and the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA. The workshop reviewed the status and scientific basis of the current regulatory framework and the available scientific tools to expand it to evaluate innovative and future RBC transfusion products...
December 15, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243564/deportation-of-non-citizen-military-veterans-a-critical-analysis-of-implications-for-the-right-to-health
#15
Danielle Horyniak, Ietza Bojorquez, Richard F Armenta, Peter J Davidson
Military personnel are commonly exposed to health-harming conditions during their service, resulting in higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared with the general population. In an era of mass deportations, it is notable that non-citizen military veterans are not exempt from deportation. We utilised a human rights framework to conduct a critical analysis of potential health consequences of deportation for U.S. military veterans, identifying three ways in which veterans' rights to health may be constrained through deportation...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243555/philanthropy-and-the-nation-state-in-global-health-the-gates-foundation-in-india
#16
Manjari Mahajan
In recent years, philanthropic actors such as the Gates Foundation have been understood as commanding sweeping influence in global health. They have been associated with the outsourcing of public health services, shifting of policy priorities, and the eventual sidelining of national governments. This article makes a different argument about the impact of global philanthropic actors. It focuses on the work of the Gates Foundation in India over the last decade and a half, tracing how the foundation initially circumvented the national government but then moved on to a discourse of partnership...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243549/how-primary-care-reforms-influenced-health-indicators-in-manisa-district-in-turkey-lessons-for-general-practitioners
#17
Celalettin Cevik, Kaan Sozmen, Bulent Kilic
BACKGROUND: Turkish health reforms began in 2003 and brought some significant changes in primary care services. Few studies in Turkey compare the shift from health centres (HC) to family physicians (FP) approach, which was initiated by reforms. OBJECTIVES: This study compares health status indicators during the HC period before reforms (2003-2007) and the FP period after reforms (2008-2012) in Turkey. METHODS: This study encompasses time series data consisting of the results of a 10-year assessment (2003-2012) in Manisa district...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243500/designing-medical-technology-for-resilience-integrating-health-economics-and-human-factors-approaches
#18
Simone Borsci, Ijeoma Uchegbu, Peter Buckle, Zhifang Ni, Simon Walne, George B Hanna
The slow adoption of innovation into healthcare calls into question the manner of evidence generation for medical technology. This paper identifies potential reasons for this including a lack of attention to human factors, poor evaluation of economic benefits, lack of understanding of the existing healthcare system and a failure to recognise the need to generate resilient products. Areas covered. Recognising a cross-disciplinary need to enhance evidence generation early in a technology's life cycle, the present paper proposes a new approach that integrates human factors and health economic evaluation as part of a wider systems approach to the design of technology...
December 15, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243461/physicians-working-conditions-health-and-working-capacity
#19
Marko Elovainio, Marianna Virtanen, Tuula Oksanen
Changes in the working environment will also influence the work of physicians. The greatest of these changes on the Finnish scale, the SOTE reform (the reform in social welfare and public health services), still lies ahead. Labor shortage, on-call duties and patient record systems providing little support to work add to the burden. In surveys related to psychosocial working conditions, physicians' greatest work load factors have been rush, forced working pace and poor communication despite the fact that, on average, they consider their working conditions to be good, frequently better than those of other professional groups, and are committed to carry on with their work until retirement age...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243399/diabetic-foot-ulcer-management-in-clinical-practice-in-the-uk-costs-and-outcomes
#20
Julian F Guest, Graham W Fuller, Peter Vowden
The aim of this study was to estimate the patterns of care and annual levels of health care resource use attributable to managing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) in clinical practice by the UK's National Health Service (NHS), and the associated costs of patient management. This was a retrospective cohort analysis of the records of 130 patients with a newly diagnosed DFU in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. Patients' characteristics, wound-related health outcomes and health care resource use were quantified, and the total NHS cost of patient management was estimated at 2015-2016 prices...
December 15, 2017: International Wound Journal
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