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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050043/-malpractice-claims-against-pediatricians-analysis-of-expert-testimonies-from-the-medical-service-of-health-insurance-companies-between-2000-and-2014
#1
Heiko Steinhauer, Joachim Holzschuh, Thomas Böhler
Background In Germany, few data are available on medical malpractice claims against pediatricians. On behalf of Statutory Health Insurance Companies their Medical Service (MDK) regularly offers expert testimony in case of allegations during pediatric treatment. Methods Analysis of 374 written pediatric testimonies, documented between September 1st, 2000 and August 31st, 2014. Results 193 allegations against pediatricians were analysed separately for each sector of care (35% concerning outpatients, 28% normal inpatients, and 37% patients treated in an intensive care unit, ICU)...
October 19, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050032/providing-personalised-nutrition-consumers-trust-and-preferences-regarding-sources-of-information-service-providers-and-regulators-and-communication-channels
#2
Rui Poínhos, Bruno M P M Oliveira, Ivo A van der Lans, Arnout R H Fischer, Aleksandra Berezowska, Audrey Rankin, Sharron Kuznesof, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Lynn J Frewer, Maria D V de Almeida
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Personalised nutrition has potential to revolutionise dietary health promotion if accepted by the general public. We studied trust and preferences regarding personalised nutrition services, how they influence intention to adopt these services, and cultural and social differences therein. METHODS: A total of 9,381 participants were quota-sampled to be representative of each of 9 EU countries (Germany, Greece, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, the UK, and Norway) and surveyed by a questionnaire assessing their intention to adopt personalised nutrition, trust in service regulators and information sources, and preferences for service providers and information channels...
October 20, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049920/factors-associated-with-vision-related-quality-of-life-among-the-adult-population-living-in-nagorno-karabagh
#3
T Harutyunyan, A Giloyan, V Petrosyan
OBJECTIVES: Visual impairment and blindness are major public health problems causing significant suffering, disability, loss of productivity, and diminishing quality of life for millions of people. This study explored the factors associated with the overall vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) and its different domains in the adult population of Nagorno Karabakh and assessed the independent contribution of specific eye diseases to VRQoL. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
October 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049624/the-alfa4hearing-model-at-a-glance-labeling-for-features-of-apps-for-hearing-health-care-to-characterize-mobile-apps-for-hearing-health-care
#4
Alessia Paglialonga, Francesco Pinciroli, Gabriella Tognola
Purpose: The aim of the study was to analyze, by using the ALFA4Hearing model (At-a-Glance Labeling for Features of Apps for Hearing Health Care), a sample of apps over a wide range of services in the hearing health care (HHC) domain in order to take a first picture of the current scenario of apps for HHC. Method: We tested 120 apps, and we characterized them by using the ALFA4Hearing model, which includes 29 features in 5 components (Promoters, Services, Implementation, Users, and Descriptive Information)...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049463/prevalence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-australia-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#5
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
Importance: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible blindness among the elderly population globally. Currently, knowledge of the epidemiology of AMD in Australia remains scarce because of a paucity of recent population-based data. Objective: To examine the prevalence of AMD in Australia. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this population-based, cross-sectional survey performed from March 11, 2015, to April 18, 2016, a sample of 3098 nonindigenous Australians 50 years and older and 1738 indigenous Australians 40 years and older from 30 geographic areas across Australia were examined...
October 12, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049412/measuring-facility-capability-to-provide-routine-and-emergency-childbirth-care-to-mothers-and-newborns-an-appeal-to-adjust-for-delivery-caseload-of-facilities
#6
Stephanie M Allen, Charles Opondo, Oona M R Campbell
BACKGROUND: Measurement of Emergency Obstetric Care capability is common, and measurement of newborn and overall routine childbirth care has begun in recent years. These assessments of facility capabilities can be used to identify geographic inequalities in access to functional health services and to monitor improvements over time. This paper develops an approach for monitoring the childbirth environment that accounts for the delivery caseload of the facility. METHODS: We used data from the Kenya Service Provision Assessment to examine facility capability to provide quality childbirth care, including infrastructure, routine maternal and newborn care, and emergency obstetric and newborn care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049276/hiv-testing-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-and-interviews-for-partner-services-among-women-61-health-department-jurisdictions-united-states-puerto-rico-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands-2015
#7
Renee Stein, Songli Xu, Mariette Marano, Weston Williams, Qi Cheng, Adanze Eke, Andrea Moore, Guoshen Wang
Diagnoses of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among women declined 17% during 2011-2015, and a total of 7,498 women received a diagnosis of HIV infection in 2015 (1). Although black or African American (black) women accounted for only 12% of the U.S. female population, 60% of women with newly diagnosed HIV infection were black (1,2). By the end of 2014, an estimated 255,900 women were living with HIV infection (3), including approximately 12% who did not know they were infected; in addition, approximately 45% of women who had received a diagnosis had not achieved viral suppression (3)...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049043/challenges-of-healthcare-administration-optimizing-quality-and-value-at-an-affordable-cost-in-pediatric-cardiology
#8
Mitchell I Cohen, Patricio A Frias
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to explore the paradigm shift in healthcare delivery that will need to take place over the next few years away from an emphasis on supply-driven health care to better quality transparent-driven health care whose focus is on the consumer's best interest. RECENT FINDINGS: The current healthcare system is fragmented and costs continue to rise. The best way to contain costs is to improve quality to the consumer, the patient...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049019/mammography-use-in-portugal-national-health-survey-2014
#9
Sofia Chkotua, Bárbara Peleteiro
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the patterns of mammography use and monitoring changes in use are essential to improving national health policy for breast cancer control. We aimed to describe the use of mammography in Portugal and to identify the determinants of its nonuse and underuse by examining data from the National Health Survey 2014. METHODS: We analyzed data on 8,758 women aged 30 years or older. We defined women at an eligible age for mammography as women aged 45 to 69...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048969/school-based-curriculum-to-improve-depression-literacy-among-us-secondary-school-students-a-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#10
Karen Swartz, Rashelle J Musci, Mary Beth Beaudry, Kathryn Heley, Leslie Miller, Clarissa Alfes, Lisa Townsend, Graham Thornicroft, Holly C Wilcox
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a universal school-based depression education program. METHODS: In 2012-2015, we matched 6679 students from 66 secondary schools into pairs by state (Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Oklahoma) and randomized to the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP; n = 3681) or to a waitlist control condition (n = 2998). Trained teachers delivered ADAP as part of the health education curriculum to students aged 14 to 15 years...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048966/text-messaging-for-improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-no-effects-after-1-year-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
Sebastian Linnemayr, Haijing Huang, Jill Luoto, Andrew Kambugu, Harsha Thirumurthy, Jessica Haberer, Glenn Wagner, Barbara Mukasa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of Short Message Service (SMS) reminder messages on antiretroviral and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis adherence among HIV-positive youths as well as the relative effectiveness of SMS with and without a response option. METHODS: Eligible HIV-positive patients aged 15 to 22 years at 2 HIV clinics in Kampala, Uganda, participated in a year-long parallel individual-randomized controlled trial and were assigned in a 1-to-1-to-1 ratio to a weekly SMS message group, weekly SMS message with response option group, or a usual-care control group...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048963/a-21st-century-public-health-approach-to-abortion
#12
Sarah C M Roberts, Liza Fuentes, Nancy F Berglas, Amanda J Dennis
In the United States, groups advocating for and against abortion rights often deploy public health arguments to advance their positions. Recently, these arguments have evolved into state laws that use the government health department infrastructure to increase law enforcement and regulatory activities around abortion. Many major medical and public health associations oppose these new laws because they are not evidence-based and do not protect women's health. Yet state health departments have been defending these laws in court...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048962/integrating-hiv-surveillance-and-field-services-data-quality-and-care-continuum-in-king-county-washington-2010-2015
#13
Julia E Hood, David A Katz, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Julia C Dombrowski, Stephen E Hawes, Matthew R Golden
OBJECTIVES: To assess how integration of HIV surveillance and field services might influence surveillance data and linkage to care metrics. METHODS: We used HIV surveillance and field services data from King County, Washington, to assess potential impact of misclassification of prior diagnoses on numbers of new diagnoses. The relationship between partner services and linkage to care was evaluated with multivariable log-binomial regression models. RESULTS: Of the 2842 people who entered the King County HIV Surveillance System in 2010 to 2015, 52% were newly diagnosed, 41% had a confirmed prior diagnosis in another state, and 7% had an unconfirmed prior diagnosis...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048571/pain-in-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer-applying-a-prevention-framework
#14
Amanda L Stone, Cynthia W Karlson, Lauren C Heathcote, Abby R Rosenberg, Tonya M Palermo
To apply a biopsychosocial framework to understand factors influencing pain in survivors of pediatric cancer to inform pain prevention efforts and highlight the need for interdisciplinary care. This topical review draws from both pediatric cancer survivorship research and chronic noncancer pain research to illustrate how components of a preventative model can be applied to pain in survivorship. Pain is a common experience among long-term survivors of pediatric cancer. The pain experience in survivorship can be conceptualized in terms of biological disease and treatment factors, cognitive and affective factors, and social and contextual factors...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048546/housing-psychosocial-and-adherence-counseling-among-hiv-persons-in-ghana
#15
Eric Y Tenkorang, Adobea Y Owusu, Amos K Laar, Eric H Yeboah
As part of providing comprehensive HIV/AIDS services, the Ghana National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) and Ministry of Health recommend that Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) receive psychosocial support and follow-up visits that ensure medical and drug adherence assistance. The successful implementation of these support services requires patients to have stable and quality housing, yet studies that examine associations between housing, psychosocial support, and adherence counseling among PLWHAs in Ghana and sub-Saharan Africa are limited...
October 18, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048472/trajectories-of-long-term-care-in-28-eu-countries-evidence-from-a-time-series-analysis
#16
Maria Michela Gianino, Jacopo Lenzi, Maria Martorana, Marco Bonaudo, Maria Pia Fantini, Roberta Siliquini, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani
Background: This study aims to confirm whether an increase in the number of elderly people and a worsening in the auto-evaluation of the general health state and in the limitation of daily activities result in increases in the offered services (beds in residential LTC facilities), in the social and healthcare expenditure and, consequently, in the percentage of LTC users. Methods: This study used a pooled, cross-sectional, time series design focusing on 28 European countries from 2004 to 2015...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048449/emergency-medical-service-information-system-the-ares-118-experience
#17
D A Ientile, M A Cardinale, S Cataldi, M Parafati, A Pasquarella, N Trani, M P Corradi
BACKGROUND: In this paper we describe ARES 118, the prehospital Emergency Medical Service of the Region Lazio, Italy, focusing on its data system used to populate a data warehouse and to create ad hoc reports. ARES 118 is a regional public mono-specialized health company, established in 2004, that manages the emergency care throughout the Region Lazio. METHODS: Being a peculiar company in its kind, and being the first experience of this kind in Italy, ARES 118 has begun to equip itself, in an autonomous way, with a corporate information system, starting from what already existed as data collection from the individual provincial operating Centers and then by activating a unique information system at a regional and company level by deploying a data warehouse...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048355/factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-under-five-children-illustration-using-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-survey-2014-data
#18
Ashis Talukder
Child malnutrition remains one of the major public health problems in many parts of the world, especially in a developing country like Bangladesh. Several socioeconomic and demographic factors are responsible for this condition. The present study was conducted to uncover the risk factors associated with malnutrition among under-five children in Bangladesh by analyzing the data from a nationally representative Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) in 2014. The ordinal dependent variable-child nutrition status (severely malnourished, moderately malnourished, and nourished)-was developed by calculating weight-for-age Z score (WAZ)...
October 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048340/helping-health-services-to-meet-the-needs-of-young-people-with-chronic-conditions-towards-a-developmental-model-for-transition
#19
REVIEW
Albert Farre, Janet E McDonagh
The transition to adult healthcare has been the subject of increased research and policy attention over many years. However, unmet needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their families continue to be documented, and universal implementation has yet to be realised. Therefore, it is pertinent to re-examine health transition in light of the principles of adolescent medicine from which it emerged, and consider this particular life transition in terms of a developmental milestone rather than a negotiation of structural boundaries between child and adult services...
October 19, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048277/retrospective-observational-study-of-atypical-winter-respiratory-illness-season-using-real-time-syndromic-surveillance-england-2014-15
#20
Sue Smith, Roger Morbey, Richard G Pebody, Thomas C Hughes, Simon de Lusignan, F Alex Yeates, Helen Thomas, Sarah J O'Brien, Gillian E Smith, Alex J Elliot
During winter 2014-15, England experienced severe strains on acute health services. We investigated whether syndromic surveillance could contribute to understanding of the unusually high level of healthcare needs. We compared trends for several respiratory syndromic indicators from that winter to historical baselines. Cumulative and mean incidence rates were compared by winter and age group. All-age influenza-like illness was at expected levels; however, severe asthma and pneumonia levels were above those expected...
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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