keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Severe persistent asthma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913990/association-between-sensitization-to-mold-and-impaired-pulmonary-function-in-children-with-asthma
#1
Jung Hye Byeon, Soohyun Ri, Oyuntulga Amarsaikhan, Eunji Kim, So Hyun Ahn, Ic Sun Choi, Hyung Jin Kim, SungChul Seo, Wonsuck Yoon, Young Yoo
PURPOSE: Recent data indicate that sensitization to mold contributes to the severity and persistence of asthma. In this study, we investigated the relationships between sensitization to mold and lung function parameters in children with asthma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data from 551 asthmatic subjects. We selected subjects who met clinical diagnostic criteria of asthma. Their spirometry, methacholine challenge tests, and measurements of blood eosinophils, serum IgE, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) results were included...
November 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904353/toll-like-receptor%C3%A2-2-induced-cytotoxic-t-lymphocyte-associated-protein%C3%A2-4-regulates-aspergillus-induced-regulatory-t-cells-with-pro-inflammatory-characteristics
#2
Ruud P H Raijmakers, Evelien G G Sprenkeler, Floor E Aleva, Cor W M Jacobs, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti, Leo A B Joosten, Frank L van de Veerdonk, Mark S Gresnigt
Patients with cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, severe asthma, pre-existing pulmonary lesions, and severely immunocompromised patients are susceptible to develop infections with the opportunistic pathogenic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, called aspergillosis. Infections in these patients are associated with persistent pro-inflammatory T-helper (TH)2 and TH17 responses. Regulatory T-cells, natural suppressor cells of the immune system, control pro-inflammatory T-cell responses, but can also contribute to disease by shifting to a pro-inflammatory TH17-like phenotype...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899842/identifying-which-urban-children-with-asthma-benefit-most-from-clinician-prompting-sub-analyses-from-the-pair-up-trial
#3
Nicolas P N Goldstein, Sean M Frey, Maria Fagnano, Sande O Okelo, Jill S Halterman
OBJECTIVE: Clinician prompts increase the likelihood of guideline-recommended corrective actions (preventive medication prescription, dose change, and/or adherence promotion) for symptomatic children with poorly controlled or persistent asthma in the primary care setting, but it is unclear if all children benefit equally. The objectives of this study were to identify whether asthma severity, visit type, and current preventive medication use were predictive of corrective actions during visits for children with symptomatic asthma, and determine whether these factors modified the impact of a prompting intervention...
September 9, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890299/comparison-of-fluticasone-formoterol-with-budesonide-formoterol-pmdi-in-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-persistent-asthma-results-from-a-12-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Akash Balki, S Balamurugan, Suhas Bardapurkar, Sonia Dalal, Ajeet Singh, B P Singh, Abhijit Vaidya, Jaideep A Gogtay
BACKGROUND: Combination therapy of inhaled corticosteroid/long acting β2-agonist (ICS/LABA) is the cornerstone of managing asthmatics who are uncontrolled with low-medium dose of ICS. The novel ICS/LABA combination of fluticasone propionate and formoterol (flu/form) provides potent anti-inflammatory and rapid bronchodilatory effect. This randomized, multi-centre, double-blind study compared the efficacy and safety of flu/form (125/6 mcg BD; Maxiflo(®)) with the well-established budesonide/formoterol combination (bud/form 200/6 mcg BD), both delivered through a pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI) in patients with moderate to severe persistent asthma over 12 weeks...
September 7, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884990/evaluation-of-asthma-control-in-the-pharmacy-an-italian-cross-sectional-study
#5
M Caminati, G Senna, N Segala, M Bacchini, G Stefanizzi, C Bovo, M Schiappoli, G W Canonica, G Passalacqua
Background. In Western countries a large proportion of asthmatic patients remain uncontrolled, despite the availability of effective drugs. An involvement of pharmacies / pharmacists in asthma management has been suggested in guidelines, since this could provide a relevant support. Objective. The present cross-sectional study aimed at assessing the level of asthma control, by using ACT questionnaire, in the community pharmacies in the County of Verona, North East of Italy. Methods. A call for participation was sent by Verona Pharmacists' Association to all the pharmacies located in the Verona municipality...
September 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868030/association-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-and-transient-apical-ballooning-syndrome-takotsubo-first-case-report-of-a-man-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Stephan Grimaldi, Emilie Doche, Caroline Rey, Nadia Laksiri, Salah Boussen, Jacques Quilici, Emmanuelle Robinet, Fabien Devemy, Jean Pelletier
INTRODUCTION: An association of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and takotsubo is rare. We present the first case of a male patient. CASE REPORT: A 69-year-old man presented to the hospital in a persistent comatose state following a generalized tonic-clonic seizure with high blood pressure. The electrocardiogram revealed transient left bundle branch block. Troponin and BNP were elevated. Cardiac ultrasound showed large apical akinesia with altered left ventricular ejection fraction, and the left ventriculogram showed characteristic regional wall motion abnormalities involving the mid and apical segments...
May 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867215/development-of-a-questionnaire-to-evaluate-asthma-control-in-japanese-asthma-patients
#7
Yuji Tohda, Soichiro Hozawa, Hiroshi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The asthma control questionnaires used in Japan are Japanese translations of those developed outside Japan, and have some limitations; a questionnaire designed to optimally evaluate asthma control levels for Japanese may be necessary. The present study was conducted to validate the Japan Asthma Control Survey (JACS) questionnaire in Japanese asthma patients. METHODS: A total of 226 adult patients with mild to severe persistent asthma were enrolled and responded to the JACS questionnaire, asthma control questionnaire (ACQ), and Mini asthma quality of life questionnaire (Mini AQLQ) at Weeks 0 and 4...
August 31, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862877/mepolizumab-attenuates-airway-eosinophil-numbers-but-not-their-functional-phenotype-in-asthma
#8
Elizabeth A Kelly, Stephane Esnault, Lin Ying Liu, Michael D Evans, Mats W Johansson, Sameer Mathur, Deane F Mosher, Loren C Denlinger, Nizar N Jarjour
RATIONALE: Mepolizumab, an interleukin-5 blocking antibody, reduces exacerbations in severe eosinophilic asthma patients. Mepolizumab arrests eosinophil maturation; however, the functional phenotype of eosinophils that persist in the blood and airway after administration of interleukin-5 neutralizing antibodies has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of anti-IL-5 antibody on the numbers and phenotypes of allergen-induced circulating and airway eosinophils...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860266/long-term-outcomes-of-bronchial-thermoplasty-in-subjects-with-severe-asthma-a-comparison-of-3-year-follow-up-results-from-two-prospective-multicentre-studies
#9
Geoffrey Chupp, Michel Laviolette, Lauren Cohn, Charlene McEvoy, Sandeep Bansal, Adrian Shifren, Sumita Khatri, G Mark Grubb, Edmund McMullen, Racho Strauven, Joel N Kline
Bronchial thermoplasty is an endoscopic therapy for severe asthma. The previously reported, randomised sham-controlled AIR2 (Asthma Intervention Research 2) trial showed a significant reduction in severe asthma exacerbations, emergency department visits and hospitalisations after bronchial thermoplasty. More "real-world" clinical outcome data is needed.This article compares outcomes in bronchial thermoplasty subjects with 3 years of follow-up from the ongoing, post-market PAS2 (Post-FDA Approval Clinical Trial Evaluating Bronchial Thermoplasty in Severe Persistent Asthma) study with those from the AIR2 trial...
August 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846451/differential-effects-of-obesity-on-eosinophilic-vs-non-eosinophilic-asthma-subtypes
#10
Seema Mukadam, Jamie Zacharias, Maria Paula Henao, Jennifer Kraschnewski, Faoud Terrence Ishmael
OBJECTIVE: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease composed of multiple disease subtypes. Obesity may worsen asthma, although the mechanism is poorly understood and its effects on different subtypes are not well characterized. We sought to determine whether obesity affects eosinophilic asthma differently from non-eosinophilic asthma. METHODS: Charts of 196 persistent asthmatics were reviewed. Subjects were categorized by BMI (obese ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and blood eosinophilia based on two different cutoffs (≥200 or ≥400 cells/µl): eosinophilic, non-obese (E-NO), eosinophilic, obese (E-O), non-eosinophilic, non-obese (NE-NO), and non-eosinophilic, obese (NE-O)...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838063/body-mass-index-development-and-asthma-throughout-childhood
#11
Sandra Ekström, Jessica Magnusson, Inger Kull, Niklas Andersson, Matteo Bottai, Mohsen Besharat Pour, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström
Several studies have found an association between overweight and asthma, yet the temporal relationship between their onsets remains unclear. We investigated the development of body mass index (BMI) from birth to adolescence among 2,818 children with and without asthma from a Swedish birth cohort study, the BAMSE (a Swedish acronym for "children, allergy, milieu, Stockholm, epidemiology") Project, during 1994-2013. Measured weight and height were available at 13 time points throughout childhood. Asthma phenotypes (transient, persistent, and late-onset) were defined by timing of onset and remission...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815189/a-case-of-pulmonary-vein-thrombosis-associated-with-treatment-of-omalizumab
#12
Sandhya Narukonda, Nagadarshini Ramagiri Vinod, Medha Joshi
Pulmonary vein thrombosis (PVT) is a challenging diagnosis and has been described in association with or as a complication of pulmonary tumors, lung surgeries, atrial myxoma, and after radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. There are not many reported cases of PVT associated with medication use. We present a case of a 53-year-old male with a history of severe persistent asthma on omalizumab, who presented with shortness of breath and was found to have PVT on computed tomography scan of the chest...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814959/poor-sleep-is-highly-associated-with-house-dust-mite-allergic-rhinitis-in-adults-and-children
#13
Damien Leger, Bénédicte Bonnefoy, Bernard Pigearias, Bertrand de La Giclais, Antoine Chartier
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are often underreported to physicians by patients with allergies. This study aimed to characterize the sleep disorders associated with respiratory allergy to house dust mites (HDM) at the time of initiation of sublingual allergen immunotherapy (SLIT) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional, observational study was conducted between November 2014 and March 2015 at 189 French trial sites and included 1750 participants suffering from HDM allergy who were initiating SLIT...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814914/body-height-of-children-with-bronchial-asthma-of-various-severities
#14
Tatiana I Eliseeva, Natalia A Geppe, Elena V Tush, Olga V Khaletskaya, Ivan I Balabolkin, Vilya A Bulgakova, Nailya I Kubysheva, Stanislav K Ignatov
Influence of bronchial asthma (BA) severity on physical development in children patients was evaluated in comparison with healthy population. Materials and Methods. 1042 children and adolescents (768 boys) with atopic BA were evaluated. All children underwent standard examination in a clinical setting, including anthropometry. The control group included 875 healthy children of a comparable age (423 boys). Results. The fraction of patients with the normal, lower, and increased height among the whole group of patients with BA is close to the corresponding values in the healthy population (χ(2) = 3...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796545/use-of-mdct-to-assess-the-results-of-bronchial-thermoplasty
#15
Matheus Zanon, Débora L Strieder, Adalberto S Rubin, Guilherme Watte, Edson Marchiori, Paulo F G Cardoso, Bruno Hochhegger
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of MDCT to assess response to bronchial thermoplasty treatment for severe persistent asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MDCT data from 26 patients with severe persistent asthma who underwent imaging before and after bronchial thermoplasty were analyzed retrospectively. Changes in the following parameters were assessed: total lung volume, mean lung density, airway wall thickness, CT air trapping index (attenuation < -856 HU), and expiratory-inspiratory ratio of mean lung density (E/I index)...
August 10, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794645/asthma-referrals-a-key-component-of-asthma-management-that-needs-to-be-addressed
#16
REVIEW
David Price, Leif Bjermer, David A Bergin, Rafael Martinez
Heterogeneity of asthma and difficulty in achieving optimal control are the major challenges in the management of asthma. To help attain the best possible clinical outcomes in patients with asthma, several guidelines provide recommendations for patients who will require a referral to a specialist. Such referrals can help in clearing the uncertainty from the initial diagnosis, provide tailored treatment options to patients with persistent symptoms and offer the patients access to health care providers with expertise in the management of the asthma; thus, specialist referrals have a substantial impact on disease prognosis and the patient's health status...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783702/natural-killer-cell-mediated-inflammation-resolution-is-disabled-in-severe-asthma
#17
Melody G Duvall, Cindy Barnig, Manuela Cernadas, Isabell Ricklefs, Nandini Krishnamoorthy, Nicole L Grossman, Nirav R Bhakta, John V Fahy, Eugene R Bleecker, Mario Castro, Serpil C Erzurum, Benjamin M Gaston, Nizar N Jarjour, David T Mauger, Sally E Wenzel, Suzy A Comhair, Andrea M Coverstone, Merritt L Fajt, Annette T Hastie, Mats W Johansson, Michael C Peters, Brenda R Phillips, Elliot Israel, Bruce D Levy
Severe asthma is typically characterized by chronic airway inflammation that is refractory to corticosteroids and associated with excess morbidity. Patients were recruited into the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored Severe Asthma Research Program and comprehensively phenotyped by bronchoscopy. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Compared with healthy individuals (n = 21), patients with asthma (n = 53) had fewer BAL natural killer (NK) cells. Patients with severe asthma (n = 29) had a marked increase in the ratios of CD4(+) T cells to NK cells and neutrophils to NK cells...
March 10, 2017: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771382/relationship-of-circulating-chemerin-and-omentin-levels-with-th17-and-th9-cell-immune-responses-in-patients-with-asthma
#18
Qing Zhou, Yu Fu, Liangan Hu, Qian Li, Meng Jin, E Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Adipokines are correlated with immune response in asthma, but data on the roles of chemerin and omentin in asthmaare limited. This studyexplored the relationship of chemerin and omentin levels with Th17 and Th9 cells in asthma. METHODS: Seventy-six asthmatics were divided into the intermittent to mild persistent (n = 28), moderate persistent (n = 26) and severe persistent (n = 22) and enrolled in the study. Additionally, 20 healthy subjects were enrolled as controls...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766486/treating-persistent-asthma-in-rural-rwanda-characteristics-management-and-24-month-outcomes
#19
H Habineza, C Mutumbira, B L Hedt-Gauthier, R Borg, N Gupta, N Tapela, S Dusabeyezu, G Ngoga, E Harerimana, E Mpanumusingo, E Ngabireyimana, E Rusingiza, G Bukhman
<h2>SETTING:</h2>In 2007, the Rwandan Ministry of Health, with support from Partners In Health, introduced a district-level non-communicable disease programme that included asthma care.<h2>OBJECTIVE:</h2>To describe the demographics, management and 24-month outcomes of asthma patients treated at three rural district hospitals in Rwanda.<h2>DESIGN:</h2>We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of asthma patients enrolled from January 2007 to December 2012, and extracted information on demographics, clinical variables and 24-month outcomes...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759278/a-cost-effectiveness-threshold-analysis-of-a-multidisciplinary-structured-educational-intervention-in-pediatric-asthma
#20
Carlos E Rodriguez-Martinez, Monica P Sossa-Briceño, Jose A Castro-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: Asthma educational interventions have been shown to improve several clinically and economically important outcomes. However, these interventions are costly in themselves and could lead to even higher disease costs. A cost-effectiveness threshold analysis would be helpful in determining the threshold value of the cost of educational interventions, leading to these interventions being cost-effective. The aim of the present study was to perform a cost-effectiveness threshold analysis to determine the level at which the cost of a pediatric asthma educational intervention would be cost-effective and cost-saving...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
keyword
keyword
34899
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"