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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726344/barriers-to-using-electronic-evidence-based-literature-in-nursing-practice-a-systematised-review
#1
REVIEW
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Tania Azadi, Tannaz Azadi
BACKGROUND: Nurses' use of electronic literature has remained limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify barriers concerning application of electronic literature on evidence based practice in nursing. METHODS: Six bibliographic databases were searched using the following keywords: challenges, barriers, obstacles, evidence based practice, EBP, information seeking, online databases, electronic literature, bibliographic databases and nurs*...
July 20, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725663/data-for-sochi-2014-olympics-discussion-on-social-media
#2
Andrei P Kirilenko
Presented data is related to the research article "Sochi 2014 Olympics on Twitter: Perspectives of Hosts and Guests" [2].  The data were collected through regular API Twitter search for five months windowing 2014 Sochi Olympic Games and further used for cluster analysis and analysis of the sentiment on the Games. The main dataset contains 616 thousand tweets, rigorously cleaned and filtered to remove irrelevant content. To comply with the Twitter API user agreement, the dataset presented in this article includes only generalized daily data with all information contained in individual tweets removed...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720611/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#3
Tariro J Basera, Jabulani Ncayiyana, Mark E Engel
INTRODUCTION: Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) remains a major public health problem and one of the major contributors to the pool of active tuberculosis cases. The true burden of LTBI in Africa is not known. Early modelling studies estimate that over 33% of the world's population is infected with latent tuberculosis. We propose conducting a systematic review and a meta-analysis to evaluate the burden and risk factors of LTBI in Africa reported in studies from 2000 to 2017. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will include cross-sectional studies, cohort studies and case-control studies estimating either tuberculin skin test (TST) or interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) confirmed prevalence of LTBI and associated risk factors among people in African countries...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716134/detecting-protein-variants-by-mass-spectrometry-a-comprehensive-study-in-cancer-cell-lines
#4
Javier A Alfaro, Alexandr Ignatchenko, Vladimir Ignatchenko, Ankit Sinha, Paul C Boutros, Thomas Kislinger
BACKGROUND: Onco-proteogenomics aims to understand how changes in a cancer's genome influences its proteome. One challenge in integrating these molecular data is the identification of aberrant protein products from mass-spectrometry (MS) datasets, as traditional proteomic analyses only identify proteins from a reference sequence database. METHODS: We established proteomic workflows to detect peptide variants within MS datasets. We used a combination of publicly available population variants (dbSNP and UniProt) and somatic variations in cancer (COSMIC) along with sample-specific genomic and transcriptomic data to examine proteome variation within and across 59 cancer cell-lines...
July 18, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707604/chinese-herbal-medicine-for-hyperlipidaemia-a-review-based-on-data-mining-from-1990-to-2016
#5
Liang Dai, Aiping Lu, Linda L D Zhong, Guang Zheng, Zhaoxiang Bian
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that the reduction of low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) levels provides cardiovascular protection; therefore LDL-C is considered to be a core therapeutic target in anti-hyperlipidaemia treatment. However, the LDL-C goal attainment is often not satisfied in China with conventional lipid-lowering agents. Many patients seek help from Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM). To further understand the current use of CHM in hyperlipidaemia, we conducted a review based on a systematic literature search and data mining...
July 13, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704505/csmirtar-condition-specific-microrna-targets-database
#6
Wei-Sheng Wu, Bor-Wen Tu, Tsung-Te Chen, Shang-Wei Hou, Joseph T Tseng
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are functional RNA molecules which play important roles in the post-transcriptional regulation. miRNAs regulate their target genes by repressing translation or inducing degradation of the target genes' mRNAs. Many databases have been constructed to provide computationally predicted miRNA targets. However, they cannot provide the miRNA targets expressed in a specific tissue and related to a specific disease at the same time. Moreover, they cannot provide the common targets of multiple miRNAs and the common miRNAs of multiple genes at the same time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701181/fastq_brew-module-for-analysis-preprocessing-and-reformatting-of-fastq-sequence-data
#7
Damien M O'Halloran
BACKGROUND: Next generation sequencing datasets are stored as FASTQ formatted files. In order to avoid downstream artefacts, it is critical to implement a robust preprocessing protocol of the FASTQ sequence in order to determine the integrity and quality of the data. RESULTS: Here I describe fastQ_brew which is a package that provides a suite of methods to evaluate sequence data in FASTQ format and efficiently implements a variety of manipulations to filter sequence data by size, quality and/or sequence...
July 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700902/a-novel-algorithm-to-detect-glaucoma-risk-using-texton-and-local-configuration-pattern-features-extracted-from-fundus-images
#8
U Rajendra Acharya, Shreya Bhat, Joel E W Koh, Sulatha V Bhandary, Hojjat Adeli
Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy defined by characteristic damage to the optic nerve and accompanying visual field deficits. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to prevent irreversible vision loss and ultimate blindness. Current techniques for computer-aided analysis of the optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) are expensive and require keen interpretation by trained specialists. Hence, an automated system is highly desirable for a cost-effective and accurate screening for the diagnosis of glaucoma...
June 29, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699412/pressure-autoregulation-measurement-techniques-in-adult-tbi-part-ii-a-scoping-review-of-continuous-methods
#9
Frederick Adam Zeiler, Joseph Donnelly, Leanne Calviello, Peter Smieleweski, David Menon, Marek Czosnyka
To perform systematically a scoping review of the literature on commonly described continuous autoregulation measurement techniques in adult TBI. The goal was to provide an overview of methodology and comprehensive reference library of the available literature for each technique. Five separate small systematic reviews were conducted for each of the continuous techniques: pressure reactivity index (PRx), laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) techniques, brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2), and thermal diffusion (TD) techniques...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698965/what-impact-do-students-have-on-clinical-educators-and-the-way-they-practise
#10
REVIEW
Lisa Waters, Kristin Lo, Stephen Maloney
The clinical education setting plays an important part in teaching students about the real world of clinical practice. Traditionally the educational relationship between student and clinical educator has been considered one-way, with students being the ones that benefit. This review focuses on the areas of clinician practice and behaviour that students are reported to influence through clinical placements and as such, determine the overall impact students can have on supervising clinicians. Electronic searches were conducted across MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO and CINAHL in July 2016...
July 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698171/natural-compounds-for-the-treatment-of-psoriatic-arthritis-a-proposal-based-on-multi-targeted-osteoclastic-regulation-and-on-a-preclinical-study
#11
Shiqiang Deng, Jianwen Cheng, Jinmin Zhao, Felix Yao, Jiake Xu
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting approximately 2% to 3% of the population globally, and is characterized by both peripheral articular manifestations and axial skeletal involvement. Conventional therapies for PsA have not been fully satisfactory, though natural products (NPs) have been shown to be highly effective and represent important treatment options for psoriasis. PsA is a multigenic autoimmune disease with both environmental and genetic factors contributing to its pathogenesis...
July 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695902/methods-for-classifying-obesity-in-spinal-cord-injury-a-review
#12
REVIEW
S L Silveira, T A Ledoux, S Robinson-Whelen, R Stough, M A Nosek
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative review. OBJECTIVES: Review methods used to measure and classify obesity in individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI). Outline the strengths and weaknesses of each method used to measure obesity in individuals with SCI. SETTING: International. METHODS: PubMed was used to identify articles before 2016. Search terms ('obesity' or 'weight status' and 'spinal cord injury'). Filters: adults, English and human...
July 11, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692697/-formula-see-text-oblivious-similarity-based-searching-for-encrypted-data-outsourced-to-an-untrusted-domain
#13
Zeeshan Pervez, Mahmood Ahmad, Asad Masood Khattak, Naeem Ramzan, Wajahat Ali Khan
Public cloud storage services are becoming prevalent and myriad data sharing, archiving and collaborative services have emerged which harness the pay-as-you-go business model of public cloud. To ensure privacy and confidentiality often encrypted data is outsourced to such services, which further complicates the process of accessing relevant data by using search queries. Search over encrypted data schemes solve this problem by exploiting cryptographic primitives and secure indexing to identify outsourced data that satisfy the search criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690808/transcriptome-predictors-of-coral-survival-and-growth-in-a-highly-variable-environment
#14
Rachael A Bay, Stephen R Palumbi
Concern over rapid environmental shifts associated with climate change has led to a search for molecular markers of environmental tolerance. Climate-associated gene expression profiles exist for a number of systems, but have rarely been tied to fitness outcomes, especially in nonmodel organisms. We reciprocally transplanted corals between two backreef locations with more and less variable temperature regimes to disentangle effects of recent and native environment on survival and growth. Coral growth over 12 months was largely determined by local environment...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683559/botanical-sources-for-alzheimer-s-a-review-on-reports-from-traditional-persian-medicine
#15
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Ali Sahragard, Aida Namdari, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Herbal medicines for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have attracted considerable attention nowadays. Alzheimer's disease is described in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) by the term Nesyān. In this study, 5 main medicinal medieval Persian manuscripts were reviewed to filter plants reported for the treatment of Nesyān. Databases were searched for related possible mechanisms of action of these medicinal plants. Each herb was searched for along with these keywords: "acetyl and butyryl cholinesterase inhibition," "antioxidant," "anti-inflammatory," and "anti-amyloidogenic...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670208/locating-sex-and-gender-specific-data-in-health-promotion-research-evaluating-the-sensitivity-and-precision-of-published-filters
#16
Diane L Lorenzetti, Yongtao Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the effectiveness of search filters in identifying sex- and gender-specific data in health promotion studies that are indexed in MEDLINE. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted to identify studies on patient or consumer attitudes and behaviors toward colorectal cancer screening, nutritional labeling, and influenza vaccination. Publications reporting sex- or gender-specific outcome data constituted the gold standards for this study...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668052/first-principles-crystal-engineering-of-nonlinear-optical-materials-i-prototypical-case-of-urea
#17
Artëm E Masunov, Arman Tannu, Alexander A Dyakov, Anastasia D Matveeva, Alexandra Ya Freidzon, Alexey V Odinokov, Alexander A Bagaturyants
The crystalline materials with nonlinear optical (NLO) properties are critically important for several technological applications, including nanophotonic and second harmonic generation devices. Urea is often considered to be a standard NLO material, due to the combination of non-centrosymmetric crystal packing and capacity for intramolecular charge transfer. Various approaches to crystal engineering of non-centrosymmetric molecular materials were reported in the literature. Here we propose using global lattice energy minimization to predict the crystal packing from the first principles...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659257/telemedicine-services-for-the-arctic-a-systematic-review
#18
Ashenafi Zebene Woldaregay, Ståle Walderhaug, Gunnar Hartvigsen
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine services have been successfully used in areas where there are adequate infrastructures such as reliable power and communication lines. However, despite the increasing number of merchants and seafarers, maritime and Arctic telemedicine have had limited success. This might be linked with various factors such as lack of good infrastructure, lack of trained onboard personnel, lack of Arctic-enhanced telemedicine equipment, extreme weather conditions, remoteness, and other geographical challenges...
June 28, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657128/sea-ice-loss-boosts-visual-search-fish-foraging-and-changing-pelagic-interactions-in-polar-oceans
#19
Tom J Langbehn, Øystein Varpe
Light is a central driver of biological processes and systems. Receding sea-ice changes the lightscape of high-latitude oceans and more light will penetrate into the sea. This affects bottom-up control through primary productivity and top-down control through vision-based foraging. We model effects of sea-ice shading on visual search to develop a mechanistic understanding of how climate-driven sea-ice retreat affects predator-prey interactions. We adapt a prey encounter model for ice-covered waters, where prey-detection performance of planktivorous fish depends on the light cycle...
June 28, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654728/finding-similar-nucleotide-sequences-using-network-blast-searches
#20
Istvan Ladunga
The Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) is the first tool in the annotation of nucleotide or amino acid sequences. BLAST is a flagship of bioinformatics due to its performance and user-friendliness. Beginners and intermediate users will learn how to design and submit blastn and Megablast searches on the Web pages at the National Center for Biotechnology Information. We map nucleic acid sequences to genomes, find identical or similar mRNAs, expressed sequence tag, and noncoding RNA sequences, and run Megablast searches, which are much faster than blastn...
June 27, 2017: Current Protocols in Bioinformatics
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