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Job burnout

Roberta Fida, Heather K Spence Laschinger, Michael P Leiter
BACKGROUND: Incivility has negative consequences in the workplace and remains a prevalent issue in nursing. Research has consistently linked incivility to nurse burnout and, in turn, to poor mental health and turnover intentions. To retain high-quality nurses, it is important to understand what factors might protect nurses from the negative effects of workplace mistreatment. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of relational occupational coping self-efficacy in protecting nurses from workplace incivility and related burnout and turnover intentions...
October 14, 2016: Health Care Management Review
Shulamit Ben-Itzhak, Jonathan Dvash, Maya Maor, Noa Rosenberg, Pinchas Halpern
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is common in physicians and particularly acute in emergency physicians. Physician burnout may adversely affect physicians' lives and the quality of care they provide, but much remains unknown about its main contributing factors. The present study evaluated burnout rates and contributing factors in emergency physicians in Israel, specifically focusing on the role of a sense of meaning, which has received little attention in the literature concerning burnout in emergency physicians...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Sonja Sulkava, Hanna M Ollila, Jukka Alasaari, Sampsa Puttonen, Mikko Härmä, Katriina Viitasalo, Alexandra Lahtinen, Jaana Lindström, Auli Toivola, Raimo Sulkava, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Timo Partonen, Kaisa Silander, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Tiina Paunio
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Tolerance to shift work varies; only some shift workers suffer from disturbed sleep, fatigue, and job-related exhaustion. Our aim was to explore molecular genetic risk factors for intolerance to shift work. METHODS: We assessed intolerance to shift work with job-related exhaustion symptoms in shift workers using the emotional exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey, and carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using Illumina's Human610-Quad BeadChip (n = 176)...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Job stress and burnout are highly frequent in healthcare professionals, and prevalence in nurses can be as high as 40%. Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress and increasing well-being in a wide range of populations and contexts. However, controlled studies with healthcare professionals, and especially nurses, are scarce. OBJECTIVES, DESIGN AND SETTING: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an on-site, abbreviated mindfulness-based intervention for nurses, using a nonrandomized, wait-list comparison design...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Yafit Maza, Efrat Shechter, Neta Pur Eizenberg, Efrat Gortler Segev, Moshe Y Flugelman
BACKGROUND: The physician manager role in the health care system is invaluable as they serve as role models and quality setters. The requirements from physician managers have become more demanding and the role less prestigious; yet burnout and its prevention in this group have received little attention. Physician leadership development programmes have generally dealt directly with skill and knowledge acquisition. The aim of this research was to evaluate an intensive workshop designed to modify attitudes and improve skills of physician-managers of community clinics, through focus on personal well-being and empowerment...
October 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Caroline Se Homer
There has been substantial reform in the past decade in the provision of maternal and child health services, and specifically regarding models of maternity care. Increasingly, midwives are working together in small groups to provide midwife-led continuity of care. This article reviews the current evidence for models of maternity care that provide midwifery continuity of care, in terms of their impact on clinical outcomes, the views of midwives and childbearing women, and health service costs. A systematic review of midwife-led continuity of care models identified benefits for women and babies, with no adverse effects...
October 17, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Arnold B Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti
The job demands-resources (JD-R) model was introduced in the international literature 15 years ago (Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, & Schaufeli, 2001). The model has been applied in thousands of organizations and has inspired hundreds of empirical articles, including 1 of the most downloaded articles of the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (Bakker, Demerouti, & Euwema, 2005). This article provides evidence for the buffering role of various job resources on the impact of various job demands on burnout...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Jari J Hakanen, Arnold B Bakker
Burnout is a response to prolonged stressors at work, and is defined as a chronic syndrome including exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy. The 40 years of research on burnout have yielded thousands of studies on its measurement, antecedents, correlates, and consequences. However, most of these studies have used a cross-sectional design, and only very few have addressed burnout from a life-course perspective. In the first part of this article, we reflect on the ideas that inspired our multidisciplinary "A 35-Year Follow-Up Study on Burnout Among Finnish Employees," and the challenges that we encountered when conducting and publishing the study...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Daniela Fernanda Dos Santos Alves, Dirceu da Silva, Edinêis de Brito Guirardello
AIM: To assess correlations between the characteristics of the nursing practice environment, job outcomes and safety climate. BACKGROUND: The nursing practice environment is critical to the well-being of professionals and to patient safety, as highlighted by national and international studies; however, there is a lack of evidence regarding this theme in paediatric units. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, in two paediatric hospitals in Brazil, was conducted from December 2013 to February 2014...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
Laura Petitta, Lixin Jiang, Charmine E J Härtel
The present study adds novel knowledge to the literature on emotional contagion (EC), discrete emotions, job burnout, and the management of healthcare professionals by simultaneously considering EC as both a job demand and a job resource with multiple social pathways. Integrating EC into the job demands-resource model, we develop and test a conceptual model wherein multiple stakeholder sources of emotional exchanges (i.e., leaders, colleagues, patients) play a differential role in predicting caregivers' absorption of positive (i...
October 10, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Yao-Tiao Deng, Jie Liu, Jie Zhang, Bo-Yan Huang, Ting-Wu Yi, Yu-Qing Wang, Bo Zheng, Di Luo, Pei-Xin Du, Yu Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to develop a novel tool-the Burnout Battery-for briefly screening burnout among oncology professionals in China and assessing its validity. METHODS: A multicenter study was conducted in doctors and nurses of the oncology departments in China from November 2014 to May 2015. The Burnout Battery was administered with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the Doctors' Job Burnout Questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 538 oncology doctors and nurses who completed all the survey, using MBI-HSS as the standard tool for measuring burnout, 52% had emotional exhaustion, 39...
October 5, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Yeon Hee Kim, Sung Reul Kim, Yeo Ok Kim, Ji Young Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Hye Young Kim
AIMS: To test a hypothetical path model evaluating the influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction and to identify the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction among clinical nurses in South Korea. BACKGROUND: Personalities susceptible to stress, compassion fatigue and burnout in clinical nurses have negative effects on the job stress and job satisfaction. DESIGN: A correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Nils-Torge Telle, Jörn Moock, Sandra Heuchert, Vivian Schulte, Wulf Rössler, Wolfram Kawohl
Sickness absence from work due to experienced distress and mental health issues has continuously increased over the past years in Germany. To investigate how this alarming development can be counteracted, we conducted a randomized controlled trial evaluating a job coaching intervention to maintain the working capacity of members of staff and ultimately prevent sickness absence. Our sample included N = 99 employees who reported mental distress due to work-related problems. The intervention group (n = 58) received between 8 and 12 individual job coaching sessions in which they worked with a professional job coach to reduce their mental distress...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, the Council Directive 89/391 for improvement of workers' safety and health has emphasized the importance of addressing all occupational risk factors, and hence also psychosocial and organizational risk factors. Nevertheless, the construct of "work-related stress" elaborated from EU-OSHA is not totally corresponding with the "psychosocial" risk, that is a broader category of risk, comprising various and different psychosocial risk factors. The term "burnout", without any binding definition, tries to integrate symptoms as well as cause of the burnout process...
July 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Vânia Sofia Carvalho, Maria José Chambel
This article aims to analyze work-to-family conflict (WFC) and enrichment (WFE) profiles related to job characteristics and well-being at work and general well-being. A cross-sectional survey data of 1885 employees was analyzed. The Latent Profile Analysis revealed that the five-profile solution exhibited strong statistical significance (p > .001). ANCOVAs were performed to analyze the relationship of the identified profiles with job characteristics and well-being. Employees in the Beneficial profile had the best perception of job characteristics (lowest demands and the highest control and support) and the highest well-being, and those in the Harmful profile had the lowest job characteristics perceptions and the lowest well-being...
October 3, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Stéphanie Malaquin, Yazine Mahjoub, Arianna Musi, Elie Zogheib, Alexis Salomon, Mathieu Guilbart, Hervé Dupont
INTRODUCTION: There has been a growing interest in evaluating the occurrence of burnout syndrome (BOS) among intensive care units (ICU) team over recent years. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of BOS among staff working in the Amiens University Hospital and to assess associated factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study based on self-administered questionnaires filled in by physicians and non-physicians working in 3 ICUs...
September 23, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Michael C Shapiro, Sowmya R Rao, Jason Dean, Andrew R Salama
PURPOSE: Shame is an ineffective tool in residency education that often results in depression, isolation, and worse patient care. This study aimed to assess burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement levels in current oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents, to assess the prevalence of the use of shame in OMS residency training, and to determine whether there is a relation between shame exposure and resident burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement levels...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hanne Verweij, Frank M M A van der Heijden, Madelon L M van Hooff, Jelle T Prins, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Hiske van Ravesteijn, Anne E M Speckens
Burnout is highly prevalent in medical residents. In order to prevent or reduce burnout in medical residents, we should gain a better understanding of contributing and protective factors of burnout. Therefore we examined the associations of job demands and resources, home demands and resources, and work-home interferences with burnout in male and female medical residents. This study was conducted on a nation-wide sample of medical residents. In 2005, all Dutch medical residents (n = 5245) received a self-report questionnaire on burnout, job and home demands and resources and work-home interference...
September 20, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Mohammad Reza Abarghouei, Mohammad Hossein Sorbi, Mehdi Abarghouei, Reza Bidaki, Shirin Yazdanpoor
INTRODUCTION: Job stress has become one of the main factors in reducing efficiency and the loss of human resources that may cause physical and psychological adverse effects in employees. Hospital personnel are facing different stressful events, such as birth, pain and death, in a single day. Hence, identifying the job stress rates and related factors may be effective in offering proper strategies. Therefore, the present research was done to study the rate of job stress and burnout in hospital personnel and compare some of the related factors in hospitals personnel of Yazd, Iran...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Kimberly C Dreison, Lauren Luther, Kelsey A Bonfils, Michael T Sliter, John H McGrew, Michelle P Salyers
Burnout is prevalent among mental health providers and is associated with significant employee, consumer, and organizational costs. Over the past 35 years, numerous intervention studies have been conducted but have yet to be reviewed and synthesized using a quantitative approach. To fill this gap, we performed a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of burnout interventions for mental health workers. We completed a systematic literature search of burnout intervention studies that spanned more than 3 decades (1980 to 2015)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
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