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Job burnout

Naiding Yang, Jintao Lu, Jinfu Ye
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that individual job characteristics have a significant impact on job burnout, and the process is subject to the regulation of demographic variables. However, the influence path of job characteristics on job burnout is still a "black box". SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On the basis of a systematic literature review by employing Pub Med, Science Direct, Web of Science, Google Scholar, CNKI and Scopus for required information with the several keywords "Job burnout", "Emotion regulation", "Personality traits", and "Psychological stress", in this study, an improved mine rescue workers-oriented job demands-resources (JD-R) model was put forward...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
M M Marques, E Alves, C Queirós, P Norton, A Henriques
Background: A high level of burnout has been described in health professionals. However, literature regarding other hospital employees is scarce. Aims: To assess the prevalence of burnout in different professional groups of hospital staff and how the professional category is associated with levels of burnout. Methods: Employees of a University Hospital in Portugal completed a self-administered online questionnaire in 2014-2015. We used the Portuguese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey and scored three dimensions of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal accomplishment) as low, average or high...
March 13, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Brandon L Velez, Robert Cox, Charles J Polihronakis, Bonnie Moradi
With a sample of employed women of color (N = 276), we tested the associations of sexist and racist discrimination with poor work outcomes (job-related burnout and turnover intentions) and mental health outcomes (i.e., psychological distress). Drawing from the Theory of Work Adjustment, Organizational Support Theory, and scholarship on discrimination, we tested perceived person-organization (P-O) fit, perceived organizational support, and self-esteem as mediators of the associations of workplace discrimination with the outcomes...
March 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Akhilesh S Pathipati, Christine K Cassel
Although they enter school with enthusiasm for a career in medicine, medical students in the United States subsequently report high levels of burnout and disillusionment. As medical school leaders consider how to address this problem, they can look to business schools as one source of inspiration. In this Commentary, the authors argue-based on their collective experience in both medical and business education-that medical schools can draw three lessons from business schools that can help reinvigorate students...
March 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Samuel Ofei-Dodoo, Cassie Scripter, Rick Kellerman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research into the rates of burnout among nonclinical workers is nonexistent at medical education centers (MECs). The first goal of this study was to explore the prevalence of burnout among nonclinical faculty and staff working at a local MEC. The second goal was to identify predictors of burnout using job satisfaction dimensions-supervision, coworkers, contingency rewards, and nature of work. METHODS: The study included a convenience sample of 95 nonclinical faculty and staff working at a local MEC...
March 2018: Family Medicine
Steven Lin, Cathina Nguyen, Emily Walters, Paul Gordon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Worsening faculty shortages in medical schools and residency programs are threatening the US medical education infrastructure. Little is known about the factors that influence the decision of family medicine residents to choose or not choose academic careers. Our study objective was to answer the following question among family medicine residents: "What is your greatest concern or fear about pursuing a career in academic family medicine?" METHODS: Participants were family medicine residents who attended the Faculty for Tomorrow Workshop at the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine Annual Spring Conference in 2016 and 2017...
March 2018: Family Medicine
Wei Duan-Porter, Daniel Hatch, Jane F Pendergast, Gabriele Freude, Uwe Rose, Hermann Burr, Grit Müller, Peter Martus, Anne Pohrt, Guy Potter
BACKGROUND: Job related factors have been associated with higher risk for developing depression, but past studies lacked full consideration of individual factors such as personality and coping. We sought to evaluate associations of personality, coping, job characteristics, and burnout with 12-month trajectories of depressive symptoms among nursing workers. METHODS: Cohort of nursing workers (N = 281) in a private hospital system, with baseline assessments of personality, job characteristics, and coping...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Mark Beitel, Lindsay Oberleitner, Dharushana Muthulingam, David Oberleitner, Lynn M Madden, Ruthanne Marcus, Anthony Eller, Madeline H Bono, Declan T Barry
BACKGROUND: Little is known about possible experiences of burnout among drug counselors in opioid treatment programs that are scaling up capacity to address the current opioid treatment gap. METHODS: Participants in this quality improvement study were 31 drug counselors employed by large opioid treatment programs whose treatment capacities were expanding. Experiences of burnout and approaches for managing and/or preventing burnout were examined using individual semi-structured interviews, which were audiotaped, transcribed, and systematically coded by a multidisciplinary team using grounded theory...
March 9, 2018: Substance Abuse
Claudia P Estévez-Mujica, Eric Quintane
A considerable body of research has documented the negative effects of job burnout on employees and their organizations, emphasizing the importance of the identification of early signs of the phenomenon for the purposes of prevention and intervention. However, such timely identification is difficult due to the time and cost of assessing the burnout levels of all employees in an organization using established scales. In this paper, we propose an innovative way to identify employees at risk of job burnout by analyzing their e-mail communication patterns...
2018: PloS One
Mi Yu, Haeyoung Lee
AIMS: Nurses' turnover intention is not just a result of their maladjustment to the field; it is an organizational issue. This study aimed to construct a structural model to verify the effects of new graduate nurses' work environment satisfaction, emotional labor, and burnout on their turnover intention, with consideration of resilience and job involvement, and to test the adequacy of the developed model. METHODS: A cross-sectional study and a structural equation modelling approach were used...
March 6, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Russ C Kolarik, Richard L O'Neal, Joseph A Ewing
BACKGROUND: Burnout and depression are prevalent among resident physicians, though the supportive role of the program director (PD) is not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To understand the residents' view of the residency program director's role in assessing and promoting resident wellness. METHODS: A single institution survey of all house staff was conducted in 2017. Rates of burnout and depression were identified via the 2-item Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Patient Health Questionaire-2 (PHQ-2), respectively...
March 5, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Omid Rezaei, Kamelia Habibi, Davood Arab Ghahestany, Mohammad Sayadnasiri, Bahram Armoon, Vida Khan, Ladan Fattah Moghadam
Background One of the most prevalent problems in work places that is considered as an important risk factor for the health of the employee is job burnout (JB). JB could be harmful to employees, their families and society. Therefore, decreasing JB among individuals and determining factors associated with it is important to improve the working environment and prevent its negative outcomes. This study aims to elicit the conditions and factors that cause job burnout among nurses of the Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Iran...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
L C Shi, J J Dai, H R Wang, J L Wang, L Q Miao, L R Yang
Objective: To investigate the current status of job burnout in in-service sailors, and to provide a basis for the development of intervention measures for job burnout in sailors. Methods: From September 2015 to May 2016, stratified cluster random sampling was used to select 6 172 in-service sailors from 13 provinces and cities as research subjects. General demographic data including age, education background, and household registration and occupational characteristics such as job position, navigating zone, and nature of employment were collected...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Adriano Friganović, Irena Kovačević, Boris Ilić, Mirna Žulec, Valentina Krikšić, Cecilija Grgas Bile
Healthy settings involve a holistic and multidisciplinary method that integrates actions towards risk factors. In hospital settings, a high level of stress can lead to depression, anxiety, decreased job satisfaction and lower loyalty to the organization. Burnout syndrome can be defined as physical, psychological and emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low sense of personal accomplishment. The aim of this literature review was to make systematic literature analysis to provide scientific evidence for the consequences of constant exposure to high levels of stress and for the methods to be used to prevent burnout syndrome among health care workers...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
Kevin D Cofer, Robert H Hollis, Lauren Goss, Melanie S Morris, John R Porterfield, Daniel I Chu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether burnout was associated with emotional intelligence and job performance in surgical residents. DESIGN: General surgery residents at a single institution were surveyed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and trait EI questionnaire (TEIQ-SF). Burnout was defined as scoring in 2 of the 3 following domains; Emotional Exhaustion (high), Depersonalization (high), and Personal Accomplishment (low). Job performance was evaluated using faculty evaluations of clinical competency-based surgical milestones and standardized test scores including the American Board of Surgery In-Training Exam (ABSITE) and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 3...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Riitta Kärkkäinen, Terhi Saaranen, Kimmo Räsänen
BACKGROUND: Occupational health care supports return to work in cases of burnout; however, there is little research on return-to-work practices. AIM: To describe occupational health care return-to-work practices for workers with burnout and to identify potential for the development of the practices. METHODS: Open-ended interviews and essays were used to collect data from 25 occupational health care professionals. A qualitative content analysis method was used...
February 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Huong Thi Thu Nguyen, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Masune Sukigara, Anh Lan Thai
PURPOSE: This study aimed to create a Vietnamese version of both the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and Areas of Worklife Scale (AWS) to assess the burnout state of Vietnamese clinical nurses and to develop a causal model of burnout of clinical nurses. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive design using a cross-sectional survey. The questionnaire was hand-divided directly by nursing departments to 500 clinical nurses in three hospitals. Vietnamese MBI-GS and AWS were then examined for reliability and validity...
February 8, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Dana Lo, Florence Wu, Mark Chan, Rodney Chu, Donald Li
Background: Numerous studies around the world has already suggested that burnout among doctors is a global phenomenon. However, studies for burnout in doctors are relatively limited in Chinese communities when compared to the West. As risk factors, barriers to intervention and strategies combatting burnout in different parts of the world can vary a lot due to different social culture and healthcare system, study with a focus at doctors in China from a cultural perspective is a worthful endeavor...
2018: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
Atefeh Soltanifar, Elham Pishbin, Negin Attaran Mashhadi, Mona Najaf Najafi, Maryam Siahtir
OBJECTIVE: The challenging and stressful nature of emergency medicine place the practitioners of this young branch of medicine at risk of burnout. In Iran, the number of women choosing the specialty of emergency medicine has been increasing in recent years. No studies have focused on burnout among female emergency medicine physicians. We conducted this study to evaluate the level of burnout in female emergency medicine physicians in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all Iranian female emergency medicine physicians with more than 2 years of work experience as specialists, received a questionnaire containing 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory scales and 7-item Cassidy social support scale, as well as questions about workload and career satisfaction...
February 13, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Da Yee Jeung, Changsoo Kim, Sei Jin Chang
This literature review was conducted to investigate the association between emotional labor and burnout and to explore the role of personality in this relationship. The results of this review indicate that emotional labor is a job stressor that leads to burnout. Further examination of personality traits, such as self-efficacy and type A behavior pattern, is needed to understand the relationships between emotional labor and health outcomes, such as burnout, psychological distress, and depression. The results also emphasized the importance of stress management programs to reduce the adverse outcomes of emotional labor, as well as coping repertories to strengthen the personal potential suitable to organizational goals...
March 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
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