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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903843/causes-and-adverse-impact-of-physician-burnout-a-systematic-review
#1
Kamran Azam, Anwar Khan, Muhammad Toqeer Alam
OBJECTIVE: To review the significant causes and effects of physician burnout in published literature. METHODOLOGY: Asystematic review was conducted for searching published literature on the causes and effects of burnout in three online databases. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed for final selection of papers. The selected papers were critically appraised and thematic analysis was done to identify major themes related to physician burnout. RESULTS: Thirty-one papers were finally selected among the 2,828 identified studies...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901205/satisfaction-burnout-and-turnover-among-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants-a-review-of-the-empirical-literature
#2
Timothy Hoff, Shannon Carabetta, Grace E Collinson
Examining the work-related psychological states of nurse practitioners and physician assistants is important, given their increased role expansion. The current PRISMA-guided review examined studies published between 2000 and 2016 for both these groups. The review also examined features of the research to draw conclusions about overall quality. Applying theories in job enrichment and job demands, 32 articles were identified that contained analyses of satisfaction, burnout, stress, and turnover. Key findings include the lack of robust research designs, overemphasis on job satisfaction, lower levels of satisfaction across both groups, and higher intrinsic versus extrinsic satisfaction levels generally...
September 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893767/gps-perceptions-of-resilience-training-a-qualitative-study
#3
Anna Cheshire, John Hughes, George Lewith, Maria Panagioti, David Peters, Chantal Simon, Damien Ridge
BACKGROUND: GPs are reporting increasing levels of burnout, stress, and job dissatisfaction, and there is a looming GP shortage. Promoting resilience is a key strategy for enhancing the sustainability of the healthcare workforce and improving patient care. AIM: To explore GPs' perspectives on the content, context, and acceptability of resilience training programmes in general practice, in order to build more effective GP resilience programmes. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a qualitative study of the perspectives of GPs currently practising in England...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870691/-burnout-in-tunisian-medical-residents-about-149-cases
#4
A Ben Zid, W Homri, I Ben Romdhane, N Bram, R Labbane
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a professional psychological chronic stress-induced syndrome defined by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. This syndrome concerns all professions but especially healthcare staff. Numerous studies have attempted to document the impact of work activities on the doctor's mental health. According to the literature, junior doctors are more vulnerable to develop this syndrome. AIMS: Are to determine the prevalence of severe burnout among residents of different specialties: anesthesiology, general surgery, emergency medicine, psychiatry, basic sciences...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865903/the-perfect-storm-is-on-the-horizon
#5
Dawn Fountain, Chi Quach, Darlene Norton, SuAnn White, Susan Ratliff, Kim Molteg, Donna Heyduk, Jessica Roof, Lillian Badurina
PURPOSE: Provide analysis of data identifying the impending mass turnover of Directors and Coordinators of General Surgery residency programs and the potential effect on successful continuing accreditation including the ACGME Next Accreditation System (NAS) and associated self study. METHODS: The Association of Residency Coordinators in Surgery, Executive Committee (ARCS EC) anonymously surveyed 254 general surgery Program Coordinators in September/October 2016...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858150/effort-reward-imbalance-and-burnout-among-icu-nursing-staff-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cristobal Padilla Fortunatti, Yasna K Palmeiro-Silva
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is commonly observed among staff in intensive care units (ICUs). Sociodemographic, organizational, and job-related factors may lead to burnout among ICU health workers. In addition, these factors could modify the balance between efforts done and rewards perceived by workers; consequently, this imbalance could increase levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and decrease a sense of personal accomplishment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between effort-reward imbalance and burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) among ICU nursing staff in a university hospital in Santiago, Chile...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857090/-norwegian-teacher-self-efficacy-scale-psychometric-properties-of-the-polish-version-of-the-scale
#7
Łukasz Baka
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy refers to different spheres of human functioning and to different tasks, including teaching activity. It is regarded as an important personal resource related to coping with stress. This paper was aimed at presenting psychometric properties of the Norwegian Teachers Self-Efficacy Scale (NTSES), related to these beliefs in the group of teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on the basis of the data obtained from 404 teachers of elementary and middle schools...
August 31, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855344/internet-based-stress-management-for-distressed-managers-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Robert Persson Asplund, Jesper Dagöö, Ida Fjellström, Linnea Niemi, Katja Hansson, Forough Zeraati, Masha Ziuzina, Anna Geraedts, Brjánn Ljótsson, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate the efficacy of a guided internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) among distressed managers compared with a attention control group (AC) with full access to treatment-as-usual. METHOD: A total sample of 117 distressed managers, mainly employed in the healthcare, IT, communication and educational sector, were randomised to either iSMI (n=59) or an AC group (n=58). The iSMI consisted of eight modules including cognitive behavioural stress management and positive management techniques...
August 30, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853389/dementia-care-mapping-in-nursing-homes-effects-on-caregiver-attitudes-job-satisfaction-and-burnout-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#9
Martin Nikolaus Dichter, Diana Trutschel, Christian Günter Georg Schwab, Burkhard Haastert, Tina Quasdorf, Margareta Halek
BACKGROUND: The Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) method is an internationally recognized complex intervention in dementia research and care for implementing person-centered care. The Leben-QD II trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of DCM with regard to caregivers. METHODS: The nine participating nursing home units were allocated to three groups: (1) DCM method experienced ≥ 1 year, (2) DCM newly introduced during this trial, and (3) regular rating of residents' quality of life (control group)...
August 30, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841102/association-of-burnout-with-workforce-reducing-factors-among-ems-professionals
#10
Remle P Crowe, Julie K Bower, Rebecca E Cash, Ashish R Panchal, Severo A Rodriguez, Susan E Olivo-Marston
OBJECTIVES: Emergency medical services (EMS) professionals often work long hours at multiple jobs and endure frequent exposure to traumatic events. The stressors inherent to the prehospital setting may increase the likelihood of experiencing burnout and lead providers to exit the profession, representing a serious workforce and public health concern. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of burnout, identify characteristics associated with experiencing burnout, and quantify its relationship with factors that negatively impact EMS workforce stability, namely sickness absence and turnover intentions...
August 25, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841053/the-productive-ward-program%C3%A2-a-two-year-implementation-impact-review-using-a-longitudinal-multilevel-study
#11
Peter Van Bogaert, Danny Van Heusden, Martijn Verspuy, Kristien Wouters, Stijn Slootmans, Johnny Van der Straeten, Paul Van Aken, Mark White
Aim To investigate the impact of the quality improvement program "Productive Ward - Releasing Time to Care™" using nurses' and midwives' reports of practice environment, burnout, quality of care, job outcomes, as well as workload, decision latitude, social capital, and engagement. Background Despite the requirement for health systems to improve quality and the proliferation of quality improvement programs designed for healthcare, the empirical evidence supporting large-scale quality improvement programs impacting patient satisfaction, staff engagement, and quality care remains sparse...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839120/occupational-stress-and-burnout-among-hong-kong-dentists
#12
H B Choy, M C Wong
INTRODUCTION: Professional burnout has been described as a gradual erosion of a person and may be one of the possible consequences of chronic occupational stress. Although occupational stress has been surveyed among dentists in Hong Kong, no study has been published about burnout in the profession. This study aimed to evaluate burnout among Hong Kong dentists and its association with occupational stress. METHODS: We surveyed a random sample of 1086 registered dentists in Hong Kong, which formed 50% of the local profession...
August 25, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837501/social-identity-and-the-prison-health-worker-implications-for-practitioner-satisfaction-and-turnover-intentions
#13
Amber L Stephenson, Nicolette Bell
BACKGROUND: Delivering health care within the prison walls poses distinct and arduous challenges to the practitioner. Correctional health workers regularly face issues of overcrowding, increased prevalence of infectious disease, advancing age, deteriorating conditions, and patients with an inclination for violence. Still, regardless of the sizeable workforce, costs, and impact on community well-being, correctional health is often overlooked in health services delivery research. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to better understand the unique nature of delivering services in the prison context through the lens of social identity theory and further explore practitioner satisfaction and retention...
August 23, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837429/severe-burnout-is-common-among-critical-care-physician-assistants
#14
Muneer Bhatt, Danny Lizano, Anthony Carlese, Vladimir Kvetan, Hayley Beth Gershengorn
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for burnout among critical care medicine physician assistants. DESIGN: Online survey. SETTINGS: U.S. ICUs. SUBJECTS: Critical care medicine physician assistant members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine coupled with personal contacts. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We used SurveyMonkey to query critical care medicine physician assistants on demographics and the full 22-question Maslach Burnout Inventory, a validated tool comprised of three subscales-emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and achievement...
August 23, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830279/work-engagement-in-health-professions-education
#15
Joost W van den Berg, Nicole J J M Mastenbroek, Renée A Scheepers, A Debbie C Jaarsma
Work engagement deserves more attention in health professions education because of its positive relations with personal well-being and performance at work. For health professions education, these outcomes have been studied on various levels. Consider engaged clinical teachers, who are seen as better clinical teachers; consider engaged residents, who report committing fewer medical errors than less engaged peers. Many topics in health professions education can benefit from explicitly including work engagement as an intended outcome such as faculty development programs, feedback provision and teacher recognition...
August 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826329/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-among-muslim-nurses-caring-for-chronically-ill-children-in-a-turkish-hospital
#16
Neslihan Partlak Günüşen, Marian Wilson, Burcu Aksoy
PURPOSE: This study investigated secondary traumatic stress and its relationship to burnout among nurses working at a Turkish hospital. DESIGN: A mixed-methods design included a cross-sectional survey administering the Professional Quality of Life instrument and Maslach Burnout Inventory to 106 nurses. Interviews with a subgroup of eight participants explored nurses' experiences and coping strategies related to caring for chronically ill pediatric patients. RESULTS: High risk levels of secondary traumatic stress existed among 40...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820860/not-extent-of-telecommuting-but-job-characteristics-as-proximal-predictors-of-work-related-well-being
#17
Tinne Vander Elst, Ronny Verhoogen, Maarten Sercu, Anja Van den Broeck, Elfi Baillien, Lode Godderis
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the curvilinear relationship between extent of telecommuting and work-related well-being (ie, burnout, work engagement, and cognitive stress complaints), as well as to test whether job characteristics act as explanatory mechanisms underlying this relationship. METHODS: A sample of 878 employees from an international telecommunication company with a long history of telecommuting participated in a survey on psychosocial risk factors and well-being at work...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#18
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814140/ethical-sensitivity-burnout-and-job-satisfaction-in-emergency-nurses
#19
Cansu Atmaca Palazoğlu, Zeliha Koç
BACKGROUND: Rising levels of burnout and decreasing job satisfaction can inhibit healthcare professionals from providing high-quality care due to a corresponding decrease in their ethical sensitivity. AIM: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the level of ethical sensitivity in emergency service nurses and their levels of burnout and job satisfaction. RESEARCH DESIGN: This research employed a descriptive and cross-sectional design...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811913/burnout-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-doctors-in-the-uk-a-systematic-literature-review-of-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#20
REVIEW
Udemezue O Imo
Aims and method To systematically review the prevalence and associated factors of burnout and stress-related psychiatric disorders among UK doctors. An extensive search was conducted of PubMed, EBSCOhost and British medical journals for studies published over a 20-year span measuring the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity (using the General Health Questionnaire) and burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory). Results Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity ranged from 17 to 52%. Burnout scores for emotional exhaustion ranged from 31 to 54...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
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