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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139312/burnout-and-depression-causal-attributions-and-construct-overlap
#1
Renzo Bianchi, Romain Brisson
Burnout has been commonly regarded as a job-induced syndrome. In this 468-participant study (67% female; mean age: 46.48), we examined the extent to which individuals with burnout and depressive symptoms attribute these symptoms to their job. Fewer than half (44%) of the individuals with burnout symptoms viewed their job as the main cause of these symptoms. The proportion of participants ascribing their depressive symptoms to work was similar (39%). Results from correlation and cluster analyses were indicative of burnout-depression overlap...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135836/psychosocial-work-hazards-self-rated-health-and-burnout-a-comparison-study-of-public-and-private-sector-employees
#2
Hsi-Chen Liu, Yawen Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To compare psychosocial work conditions and health status between public and private sector employees and to examine if psychosocial work conditions explained the health differences. METHODS: Two thousand four hundred fourty one public and 15,589 private sector employees participated in a cross-sectional survey. Psychosocial work hazards, self-rated health (SRH), and burnout status were assessed by questionnaire. RESULTS: As compared with private sector employees, public sector employees reported better psychosocial work conditions and better SRH, but higher risk of workplace violence (WPV) and higher levels of client-related burnout...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129956/relationship-between-provider-stigma-and-predictors-of-staff-turnover-among-addiction-treatment-providers
#3
Magdalena Kulesza, Sarah B Hunter, Amy L Shearer, Marika Booth
To further our knowledge about feasible targets for improving quality of addiction treatment services, the current study provides preliminary assessment of the relationship between provider stigma and indicators of staff turnover. As predicted, results suggest that higher provider stigma was significantly related to lower ratings of job satisfaction and workplace climate. However, provider stigma was not significantly related to burnout. Our preliminary findings, if replicated, suggest the importance of considering provider stigma as a risk factor for future staff turnover and job dissatisfaction...
2017: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117451/factors-predicting-registered-nurses-intentions-to-leave-their-organisation-and-profession-a-job-demands-resources-framework
#4
Willoughby Moloney, Peter Boxall, Matthew Parsons, Gordon Cheung
AIMS: To develop a comprehensive model of nursing turnover intention by examining the effects of job demands, job resources, personal demands and personal resources on burnout and work engagement and subsequently on the intention to leave the organisation and profession. BACKGROUND: The ageing population and a growing prevalence of multimorbidity are placing increasing strain on an ageing nursing workforce. Solutions that address the anticipated nursing shortage should focus on reducing burnout and enhancing the engagement of Registered Nurses (RNs) to improve retention...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112855/teachers-stress-intensifies-violent-disciplining-in-tanzanian-secondary-schools
#5
Tobias Hecker, Katharina Goessmann, Mabula Nkuba, Katharin Hermenau
Violent forms of discipline in schools continue to be widespread across the globe despite their damaging effects. Since little is known about factors influencing the extent of violence applied by teachers, this study aimed to investigate the influence of teachers' stress, work satisfaction, and personal characteristics on their disciplining style. Using structural equation modeling, associations between violent discipline, burnout symptoms, and job perceptions (pressure and difficulties in class) reported by 222 teachers from 11 secondary schools in Tanzania in 2015 were analyzed...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094426/antecedents-and-associations-of-sickness-presenteeism-and-sickness-absenteeism-in-nurses-a-systematic-review
#6
Hana Brborović, Qëndresë Daka, Kushtrim Dakaj, Ognjen Brborović
AIMS: This study comprehensively analysed and systemized the elements associated with nursing sickness presenteeism (SP) and sickness absenteeism (SA). BACKGROUND: Both behaviours represent a real challenge to nursing departments because they can increase costs, cause health care adverse events, and impact the quality of health care. DESIGN: The systematic review of cohort studies was designed to be consistent with the PRISMA guidelines. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, ProQuest, and Emerald were systematically searched for peer-reviewed articles published from the 1950s to December 2016...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092866/effect-of-meaningful-recognition-on-critical-care-nurses-compassion-fatigue
#7
Lesly A Kelly, Cindy Lefton
BACKGROUND: As caregivers in high-pressure environments, critical care nurses are at risk for burnout and secondary trauma-components of compassion fatigue. Recent findings have increased understanding of the phenomena, specifically that satisfaction and meaningful recognition may play a role in reducing burnout and raising compassion satisfaction; however, no large multisite studies of compassion fatigue have been conducted. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of meaningful recognition and other predictors on compassion fatigue in a multicenter national sample of critical care nurses...
November 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090184/the-glasgow-deep-end-links-worker-study-protocol-a-quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-a-social-prescribing-intervention-for-patients-with-complex-needs-in-areas-of-high-socioeconomic-deprivation
#8
Stewart W Mercer, Bridie Fitzpatrick, Lesley Grant, Nai Rui Chng, Catherine A O'Donnell, Mhairi Mackenzie, Alex McConnachie, Andisheh Bakhshi, Sally Wyke
BACKGROUND: 'Social prescribing' can be used to link patients with complex needs to local (non-medical) community resources. The 'Deep End' Links Worker Programme is being tested in general practices serving deprived populations in Glasgow, Scotland. OBJECTIVES: To assess the implementation and impact of the intervention at patient and practice levels. METHODS: Study design: Quasi-experimental outcome evaluation with embedded theory-driven process evaluation in 15 practices randomized to receive the intervention or not...
2017: J Comorb
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083233/the-measurement-and-role-of-ecological-resilience-systems-theory-across-domain-specific-outcomes-the-domain-specific-resilient-systems-scales
#9
John Maltby, Liz Day, Sophie S Hall, Sally Chivers
Research suggests that trait resilience may be best understood within an ecological resilient systems theory, comprising engineering, ecological, and adaptive capacity resilience. However, there is no evidence as to how this theory translates to specific life domains. Data from two samples (the United States, n = 1,278; the United Kingdom, n = 211) facilitated five studies that introduce the Domain-Specific Resilient Systems Scales for assessing ecological resilient systems theory within work, health, marriage, friendships, and education...
October 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081132/-analysis-on-the-status-of-job-burnout-of-midwife-in-a-province
#10
X M Jiang, X X Huang, H Z Xie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076206/identification-of-factors-which-affect-the-tendency-toward-and-attitudes-of-emergency-unit-nurses-to-make-medical-errors
#11
Dilek Kiymaz, Zeliha Koç
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine individual and professional factors affecting the tendency of emergency unit nurses to make medical errors and their attitudes toward these errors in Turkey. BACKGROUND: Compared with other units, the emergency unit is an environment where there is an increased tendency for making medical errors due to its intensive and rapid pace, noise, and complex and dynamic structure. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072227/cancer-patients-and-oncology-nursing-perspectives-of-oncology-nurses-in-turkey
#12
S Kamisli, D Yuce, B Karakilic, S Kilickap, M Hayran
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Burnout and exhaustion is a frequent problem in oncology nursing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the aspects of oncology nurses about their profession in order to enhance the standards of oncology nursing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This survey was conducted with 70 oncology nurses working at Hacettepe University Oncology Hospital. Data were collected between January-April 2012. Each participant provided a study form comprising questions about sociodemographic information; about difficulties, positive aspects and required skills for oncology nursing; and questions evaluating level of participation and clinical perception of oncology nursing...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070072/prevalence-and-determinants-of-burnout-syndrome-among-physicians-in-cameroon-a-research-proposal
#13
Vitalis Fambombi Feteh, Tsi Njim, Miriam A M Nji, Chia Mark Ayeah, Carlson-Babila Sama, Frank Leonel Tianyi
OBJECTIVES: Burnout syndrome is a common psychological state, that may affect human healthcare providers due to their prolonged exposure to job stressors. Burnout can hinder optimal healthcare delivery. Hence this study aims to determine the prevalence and correlates of burnout syndrome amongst physicians in Cameroon. Specifically: (1) to determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome amongst Cameroonian doctors. (2) To identify potential determinants of burnout among Cameroonian doctors...
October 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067517/the-physician-attrition-crisis-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-risk-factors-for-reduced-job-satisfaction-among-us-surgeons
#14
Theresa N Jackson, Chris P Pearcy, Zhamak Khorgami, Vaidehi Agrawal, Kevin E Taubman, Michael S Truitt
INTRODUCTION: A physician shortage is on the horizon, and surgeons are particularly vulnerable due to attrition. Reduced job satisfaction leads to increased job turnover and earlier retirement. The purpose of this study is to delineate the risk factors that contribute to reduced job satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of US surgeons was conducted from September 2016 to May 2017. Screening for job satisfaction was performed using the abridged Job in General scale...
October 24, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066992/when-and-why-does-materialism-relate-to-employees-attitudes-and-well-being-the-mediational-role-of-need-satisfaction-and-need-frustration
#15
Wenceslao Unanue, Konrad Rempel, Marcos E Gómez, Anja Van den Broeck
Materialistic values may be detrimental for people's well-being. However, we know little about why (i.e., explaining mechanisms) and when (i.e., boundary conditions) this is the case. Although low satisfaction of the psychological needs is said to play a key role in this process, a recent meta-analysis indicates that the explaining power of need satisfaction is limited and suggests that need frustration may be more important. Moreover, although materialism may be detrimental in some life domains, studies in materialistic contexts such as work are lacking, particularly in the non-Western world...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054016/job-burnout-predicts-decline-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-employees-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-one-year-follow-up-study-in-female-nurses
#16
Min Zhang, Adrian Loerbroks, Jian Li
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether job burnout is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in employees with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we included 305 female hospital nurses with cardiovascular disease. Job burnout was measured by the 6-item Copenhagen Burnout Inventory at baseline. We categorized study participants into low, intermediate and high levels of job burnout based on tertiles. HRQOL at baseline and at one-year follow-up was operationalized in terms of the physical and mental functioning summary scores of the short form 8-item health survey (SF-8), which is an abbreviated version of the widely used SF-36 with score ranges of 0-100...
October 17, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028691/job-burnout-reduces-hand-hygiene-compliance-among-nursing-staff
#17
Georgios Manomenidis, Efharis Panagopoulou, Anthony Montgomery
OBJECTIVES: Health professional burnout has been associated with suboptimal care and reduced patient safety. However, the extent to which burnout influences hand hygiene compliance among health professionals has yet to be explored. The aim of the study was to examine whether job burnout reduces hand washing compliance among nursing staff. METHODS: A diary study was conducted. Forty registered nurses working in a general city hospital in Thessaloniki, Greece, completed a questionnaire, while they were monitored for hand hygiene compliance following the World Health Organization protocol for hand hygiene assessment...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026930/-burnout-a%C3%A2-call-for-action
#18
REVIEW
C S Hartog
BACKGROUND: Burnout is an emerging topic and has recently been the subject of a position paper of the US American Society of Critical Care Medicine. OBJECTIVES: To give an overview over prevalence, causes, and relevance of burnout in intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians and point to potential prevention strategies MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrative review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Burnout is a job-related state which results from long-lasting, permanent work overload when short spells of recreation, for instance during the weekend, are not effective to reduce exhaustion, vegetative symptoms, loss of efficiency, and depersonalization...
October 12, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017191/-burnout-prevention-and-mobile-mindfulness-evaluation-of-an-app-based-health-training-program-for-employees
#19
Hannah Möltner, Jonas Leve, Tobias Esch
Objective Mindfulness recently attracted growing interest beyond classical therapeutic contexts and has been adopted in preventive labor contexts and occupational health. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a mobile mindfulness training app regarding work and health indicators. Methods Participants were employees and assigned randomly to the intervention and control groups. 146 employed participants in the intervention group used the mobile application '7mind' for 14 days. Comparisons were made with 160 employed participants from the control group, who were given access to the app after finishing the study (wait-list control)...
October 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016982/burnout-in-belgian-physicians-and-nurses
#20
S Vandenbroeck, E Van Gerven, H De Witte, K Vanhaecht, L Godderis
Background: Burnout in healthcare is a worldwide problem. However, most studies focus narrowly on work-related factors and outcomes in one health profession or speciality. Aims: To investigate the prevalence of burnout and its association with job demands, job resources, individual well-being, work-related attitudes and behaviour in physicians and nurses across different specialties. Methods: Multi-centre cross-sectional study of physicians and nurses working in Belgian hospitals...
September 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
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