keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health disparity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792260/widening-participation-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pasifika-students-in-health-careers-evaluation-of-two-health-science-academies
#1
Lesley Middleton, Ausaga Faasalele Tanuvasa, Megan Pledger, Nicola Grace, Kirsten Smiler, Tua Taueetia Loto-Su'a, Jacqueline Cumming
Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of two health science academies established by a district health board in South Auckland, New Zealand, to create a health workforce pipeline for local Māori and Pasifika students. Methods A mixed-methods approach was used, involving background discussions with key informants to generate an initial logic model of how the academies work, followed by secondary analysis of students' records relating to retention and academic achievement, a survey of senior academy students' interest in particular health careers and face-to-face interviews and focus groups with students, families and teachers...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792241/efficacy-of-digital-cbt-for-insomnia-to-reduce-depression-across-demographic-groups-a-randomized-trial
#2
Philip Cheng, Annemarie I Luik, Cynthia Fellman-Couture, Edward Peterson, Christine L M Joseph, Gabriel Tallent, Kieulinh Michelle Tran, Brian K Ahmedani, Timothy Roehrs, Thomas Roth, Christopher L Drake
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and depression are highly comorbid and mutually exacerbate clinical trajectories and outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) effectively reduces both insomnia and depression severity, and can be delivered digitally. This could substantially increase the accessibility to CBT-I, which could reduce the health disparities related to insomnia; however, the efficacy of digital CBT-I (dCBT-I) across a range of demographic groups has not yet been adequately examined...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792075/cancer-health-communication-and-breast-cervical-cancer-screening-among-asian-americans-and-five-asian-ethnic-groups
#3
Jungmi Jun
OBJECTIVES: This paper is an examination of cancer/health communication factors (i.e. cancer/health information seeking, patient-provider communication (PPC), cancer screening information from providers) and screening for breast and cervical cancer among Asian Americans and five Asian ethnic groups (Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Koreans, Vietnamese) in comparison to Whites. Additionally, the relationship between cancer/health communication disparity and cancer screening gaps between Asian Americans and Whites was investigated...
May 23, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791930/the-pediatric-emergency-care-applied-research-network-registry-a-multicenter-electronic-health-record-registry-of-pediatric-emergency-care
#4
Sara J Deakyne Davies, Robert W Grundmeier, Diego A Campos, Katie L Hayes, Jamie Bell, Evaline A Alessandrini, Lalit Bajaj, James M Chamberlain, Marc H Gorelick, Rene Enriquez, T Charles Casper, Beth Scheid, Marlena Kittick, J Michael Dean, Elizabeth R Alpern
BACKGROUND:  Electronic health record (EHR)-based registries allow for robust data to be derived directly from the patient clinical record and can provide important information about processes of care delivery and patient health outcomes. METHODS:  A data dictionary, and subsequent data model, were developed describing EHR data sources to include all processes of care within the emergency department (ED). ED visit data were deidentified and XML files were created and submitted to a central data coordinating center for inclusion in the registry...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791905/disparities-in-chronic-kidney-disease-prevalence-among-males-and-females-in-195-countries-analysis-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-2016-study
#5
Boris Bikbov, Norberto Perico, Giuseppe Remuzzi
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) imposes a substantial burden on health care systems. There are some especially vulnerable groups with a high CKD burden, one of which is women. We performed an analysis of gender disparities in the prevalence of all CKD stages and renal replacement therapy (defined as impaired kidney function [IKF]) in 195 countries. METHODS: We used estimates produced by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016 revision using a Bayesian-regression analytic tool, DisMoD-MR 2...
May 23, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791750/tiled-array-based-sequencing-identifies-enrichment-of-loss-of-function-variants-in-the-highly-homologous-filaggrin-gene-in-african-american-children-with-severe-atopic-dermatitis
#6
Mary Elizabeth Mathyer, Ashley M Quiggle, X F Colin C Wong, Simon L I J Denil, Monique G Kumar, Heather M Ciliberto, Susan J Bayliss, John E Common, Cristina de Guzman Strong
Filaggrin (FLG) loss of function (LOF) variants are a major risk factor for the common inflammatory skin disease, atopic dermatitis (AD), and are often population-specific. African American (AA) children are disproportionately affected with AD, often later developing asthma and/or allergic rhinitis and comprise an atopy health disparity group for which the role of FLG LOF is not well known. Discovery of FLG LOF using exome sequencing is challenging given the known difficulties for accurate short-read alignment to FLG's high homology repeat variation...
May 23, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790923/missed-opportunities-to-prescribe-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-south-carolina-2013-2016
#7
Dawn K Smith, Man-Huei Chang, Wayne A Duffus, Stella Okoye, Sharon Weissman
Introduction: Expanding use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in ways that address current racial/ethnic disparities is an important HIV prevention goal. We investigated missed opportunities to provide PrEP during healthcare visits occurring prior to HIV infection. Methods: This retrospective cohort study linked South Carolina HIV case surveillance data to 3 statewide healthcare databases. Characteristics of patients, health care visits and providers, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), and other diagnoses, were assessed for medical encounters occurring before an initial HIV diagnosis...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790667/differences-in-cancer-survival-among-white-and-black-cancer-patients-by-presence-of-diabetes-mellitus-estimations-based-on-seer-medicare-linked-data-resource
#8
Clara Lam, Kathleen Cronin, Rachel Ballard, Angela Mariotto
Diabetes prevalence and racial health disparities in the diabetic population are increasing in the US. Population-based cancer-specific survival estimates for cancer patients with diabetes have not been assessed. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linkage provided data on cancer-specific deaths and diabetes prevalence among 14 separate cohorts representing 1 068 098 cancer patients ages 66 +  years diagnosed between 2000 and 2011 in 17 SEER areas. Cancer-specific survival estimates were calculated by diabetes status adjusted by age, stage, comorbidities, and cancer treatment, and stratified by cancer site and sex with whites without diabetes as the reference group...
May 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790407/age-cohort-and-health-service-utilization-among-gay-men
#9
Daniel C Green, Jeremy T Goldbach, Henry F Raymond
Gay men report unique health disparities and service utilization trends compared to their heterosexual peers including a lack of health-care participation which may lead to chronic health conditions. Limited research has been conducted analyzing group differences among gay men such as the influence of one's age cohort on disparities. The aim of this study was to examine the association age cohort has on health service utilization among gay men. A sample of 383 self-identified gay men was collected by the San Francisco Department of Public Health...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790040/building-behavioral-health-homes-clinician-and-staff-perspectives-on-creating-integrated-care-teams
#10
Tracy Anastas, Elizabeth Needham Waddell, Sonya Howk, Mark Remiker, Gretchen Horton-Dunbar, L J Fagnan
Adults with serious mental illness and substance use disorders have elevated risk of mortality and higher healthcare costs compared to the general population. As these disparities have been linked to poor management of co-occurring chronic conditions in primary care, the behavioral health setting may be a preferred setting for routine medical screening and treatment. This qualitative study describes early stages of integrating care teams in emerging medical homes based in mental health and addiction treatment settings...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789022/healthcare-disparities-amongst-vulnerable-populations-of-arabs-and-jews-in-israel
#11
Efrat Shadmi
The complex nature of studying health and healthcare disparities in general, and in the context of the Israeli healthcare system in particular, is depicted in two recent IJHPR articles. The first examines Emergency Department (ED) waiting times in a tertiary children's hospital and the second examines disparities in the health care for people with schizophrenia of an ethnic-national minority. Contrary to other Israeli studies on wide disparities in health and healthcare, these studies show no disparities -  ED waiting times did not differ among Arab and Jewish children and report no differences in performance of Hemoglobin A1C tests or in surgical interventions in patients with cardiovascular disease between Arabs and Jews with schizophrenia...
May 22, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788366/relative-household-wealth-and-non-fatal-road-crashes-analysis-of-population-representative-data-of-kenyan-adults
#12
John D Kraemer
Background: This study aims to examine potential road crash disparities across relative wealth and location of residence in Kenya by analyzing population-representative Demographic and Health Survey data. Methods: Relative wealth was measured by household assets, converted into an index by polychoric principal components analysis. Location and sex-stratified associations between wealth quantiles and crashes were flexibly estimated using fractional polynomial models...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786647/health-disparities-score-composite-of-youth-and-parent-dyads-from-an-obesity-prevention-intervention-icook-4-h
#13
Melissa D Olfert, Makenzie L Barr, Rebecca L Hagedorn, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Sarah E Colby, Kendra K Kattelmann, Adrienne A White
iCook 4-H is a lifestyle intervention to improve diet, physical activity and mealtime behavior. Control and treatment dyads (adult primary meal preparer and a 9⁻10-year-old youth) completed surveys at baseline and 4, 12, and 24 months. A Health Disparity (HD) score composite was developed utilizing a series of 12 questions (maximum score = 12 with a higher score indicating a more severe health disparity). Questions came from the USDA short form U.S. Household Food Security Survey (5), participation in food assistance programs (1), food behavior (2), level of adult education completed (1), marital status (1), and race (1 adult and 1 child)...
May 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786501/strategies-to-increase-filipino-american-participation-in-cardiovascular-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#14
Jermy-Leigh B Domingo, Gretchenjan Gavero, Kathryn L Braun
INTRODUCTION: Cultural tailoring of interventions can be effective in reducing health disparities by attracting underserved populations to health promotion programs and improving their outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess what is known about increasing access to and participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and control programs among Filipino Americans. METHODS: PubMed MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Sociologic Abstracts were searched for peer-reviewed studies and dissertations conducted in the United States from 2004 through 2016...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786494/failure-to-tackle-suicide-inequalities-across-europe
#15
Jayati Das-Munshi, Graham Thornicroft
SummaryIn this issue, Lorant et al. confirm a social gradient in risk of suicide, across 15 European countries, over a period of marked social change. Understanding contextual and life-course factors, and acknowledging under-funding for mental health and failures to implement national mental health policies, may provide the reasons for these disparities.Declaration of interestNone.
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786140/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-periodontitis-and-type-2-diabetes
#16
Ying Liu, Yang Yu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Laura R Iwasaki, Peipei Duan, Melanie Simmer-Beck, Laura Brown
AIMS: THE OBJECTIVE WAS TO INVESTIGATE IF GENDER DIFFERENCES EXIST IN THE ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN PERIODONTITIS AND TYPE 2 DIABETES. DISPROPORTIONATE DISPARITIES BY GENDER WERE FOUND TO EXIST IN RATES OF BOTH PERIODONTITIS AND DIABETES WITH RESPECT TO DEMOGRAPHICS AND BEHAVIOURAL PREDICTORS THAT CANNOT BE EXPLAINED SOLELY BY THE WELL-ESTABLISHED ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THESE TWO DISEASES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MULTIPLE DATASETS WERE EXTRACTED FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY (NHANES) 2009-2014, WHICH USED A STRATIFIED MULTISTAGE PROBABILITY SAMPLING TO OBTAIN SAMPLES FROM ALL CIVILIAN NON-INSTITUTIONALISED PEOPLE IN THE USA...
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786136/temporal-trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-cervical-cancer-in-south-africa-1994-2012
#17
Gbenga Olorunfemi, Ntombizodwa Ndlovu, Gwinyai Masukume, Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Elvira Singh
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among female South Africans (SA). Improved access to reproductive health services following multi-ethnic democracy in 1994, HIV epidemic, and the initiation of CC population-based screening in early 2000's have influenced the epidemiology of CC in SA. We therefore evaluated the trends in CC age-standardized incidence (ASIR) (1994 - 2009) and mortality rates (ASMR) (2004 - 2012) using data from the South African National Cancer Registry and the Statistics South Africa, respectively...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785707/burden-of-mental-illness-and-non-communicable-diseases-and-risk-factors-for-mental-illness-among-refugees-in-buffalo-ny-2004-2014
#18
Wudeneh Mulugeta, Hong Xue, Myron Glick, Jungwon Min, Michael F Noe, Youfa Wang
INTRODUCTION: Limited is known about mental illness and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors among refugees. These were studied using data collected from a refugee population in Buffalo, NY. METHODS: Longitudinal data collected on 1055 adults (> 18 years) at a large refugee health center in Buffalo, NY, during 2004-2014 were used. Main outcomes were hypertension, diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, overweight/obesity, and mental illness. Risk factors were assessed using multivariate regression models...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785703/a-cross-sectional-study-evaluating-the-use-of-free-clinics-in-syracuse-ny-patient-demographics-and-barriers-to-accessing-healthcare-in-traditional-settings
#19
Simone Arvisais-Anhalt, Matthew MacDougall, Michael Rosenthal, Peter Congelosi, Daniel F Farrell, Paula Rosenbaum
Free clinics provide healthcare to underserved patient populations, playing a critical role in the medical safety-net. Syracuse, New York has notable racial, socioeconomic, and educational disparities and is home to four free clinics. Little is known about these clinics' patient population. This study attempts to better define this population and the barriers they face accessing traditional care. We developed a 27-question survey investigating patient demographics, barriers to traditional healthcare, and experience at local free clinics...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785526/education-and-physical-health-trajectories-in-later-life-a-comparative-study
#20
Liliya Leopold
The cumulative (dis)advantage hypothesis states that health disparities between education groups increase with age. The present study examined this hypothesis in a comparative analysis of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Sweden. These countries offer sharp contrasts in the social conditions that may intensify or inhibit processes of cumulative (dis)advantage. Using harmonized panel data from the HRS, ELSA, and SHARE, the study applied Poisson multilevel regression models to trace changes in the number of chronic conditions and functional limitations of people aged 50-76 (N = 16,887 individuals; 71,154 observations)...
May 21, 2018: Demography
keyword
keyword
34890
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"