keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Srs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051921/effectiveness-of-schroth-exercises-during-bracing-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-from-a-preliminary-study-sosort-award-2017-winner
#1
Kenny Yat Hong Kwan, Aldous C S Cheng, Hui Yu Koh, Alice Y Y Chiu, Kenneth Man Chee Cheung
BACKGROUND: Bracing has been shown to decrease significantly the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but the treatment failure rate remains high. There is evidence to suggest that Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises can slow progression in mild scoliosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Schroth exercises in AIS patients with high-risk curves during bracing. METHODS: A prospective, historical cohort-matched study was carried out...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050717/radiographic-and-functional-outcome-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-operated-with-hook-hybrid-versus-all-pedicle-screw-instrumentation-a-retrospective-study-in-149-patients
#2
Søren Ohrt-Nissen, Dennis W Hallager, Ture Karbo, Martin Gehrchen, Benny Dahl
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To compare radiographic outcome and health-related quality of life in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with hook/hybrid (H/H) or all-pedicle screw (PS) instrumentation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PS instrumentation has largely replaced H/H in the surgical treatment of AIS but whether a normalized sagittal profile can be obtained with the PS construct is still debated...
November 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047745/demonstration-of-a-150-kw-peak-power-2-ghz-linewidth-1-9-%C3%AE-m-fiber-gas-raman-source
#3
Zefeng Wang, Bo Gu, Yubin Chen, Zhixian Li, Xiaoming Xi
We report here for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a 100-kW-peak-power, GHz-linewidth, sub-nanosecond, 1.9-μm laser source by gas stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in hollow-core fiber. A H2-filled, anti-resonance, hollow-core fiber is pumped with a sub-nanosecond, high-peak-power, 1064-nm microchip laser, generating a 1908-nm Stokes wave by vibrational SRS of H2 molecules. A maximum peak power of about 150 kW (average power 55 mW, pulse energy 55 μJ) is achieved with a 1.4-m fiber length and only 3 bar H2 pressure...
September 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047359/thiazides-in-the-management-of-hypertension-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Christina Sommerauer, Neha Kaushik, Adrine Woodham, Anna Renom-Guiteras, Yolanda V Martinez, David Reeves, Ilkka Kunnamo, Thekraiat Al Qur An, Steffen Hübner, Andreas Sönnichsen
BACKGROUND: Thiazides are commonly prescribed to older people for the management of hypertension. The objective of this study was to identify the evidence on the risks and benefits of their use among adults aged ≥65 years and to develop recommendations to reduce potentially inappropriate use. METHODS: Systematic review (SR) of the literature covering six databases. We applied a staged search approach, where each search was undertaken only if the previous one did not yield high quality results...
October 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045726/efficacy-and-safety-outcomes-in-systematic-reviews-of-interventions-for-postoperative-pain-in-children-comparison-against-the-recommended-core-outcome-set
#5
Krste Boric, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Matija Boric, Milka Jeric, Livia Puljak
Objective: To investigate the range of efficacy and safety outcomes used in systematic reviews (SRs) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions for postoperative pain in children and compare them with outcome domains recommended in the Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (PedIMMPACT). Methods: Five electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO...
October 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044993/intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-injection-in-treating-knee-osteoarthritis-assessing-risk-of-bias-in-systematic-reviews-with-robis-tool
#6
Dan Xing, Bin Wang, Wei Zhang, Ziyi Yang, Yunfei Hou, Yaolong Chen, Jianhao Lin
OBJECTIVES: Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) is a common, yet controversial therapeutic option in treating knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of the present study was to assess the risk of bias (RoB) of systematic reviews (SRs) and to summarize available evidence of HA in treating knee OA. METHODS: A systematic search of SRs published through to December 2016 was conducted using the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Library. The RoB of included SRs was assessed by ROBIS tool...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043713/bioorthogonal-chemical-imaging-of-metabolic-changes-during-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-cancer-cells-by-stimulated-raman-scattering-microscopy
#7
Luyuan Zhang, Wei Min
Study of metabolic changes during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cancer cells is important for basic understanding and therapeutic management of cancer progression. We here used metabolic labeling and stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy, a strategy of bioorthogonal chemical imaging, to directly visualize changes in anabolic metabolism during cancer EMT at a single-cell level. MCF-7 breast cancer cell is employed as a model system. Four types of metabolites (amino acids, glucose, fatty acids, and choline) are labeled with either deuterium or alkyne (C≡C) tag...
October 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040700/radiation-induced-changes-after-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Adeel Ilyas, Ching-Jen Chen, Dale Ding, Thomas J Buell, Daniel M S Raper, Cheng-Chia Lee, Zhiyuan Xu, Jason P Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced changes (RICs) are the most common complication of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), and they appear as perinidal T2-weighted hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging, with or without associated neurological symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of RIC after AVM SRS and identify risk factors. METHODS: A literature review was performed using PubMed and MEDLINE to identify studies reporting RIC in AVM patients treated with SRS...
October 13, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039945/structural-consequences-of-1-4-cyclohexanedicarboxylate-cis-trans-isomerism-in-uranyl-ion-complexes-from-molecular-species-to-2d-and-3d-entangled-nets
#9
Pierre Thuéry, Jack Harrowfield
trans-1,4-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid (t-1,4-chdcH2) or the commercially available mixture of the cis and trans isomers (c,t-1,4-chdcH2) has been used in the synthesis of a series of 14 uranyl ion complexes, all obtained under solvohydrothermal conditions, some in the presence of additional metal cations and/or 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy). With its two isomeric forms having very different shapes and its great sensitivity to the experimental conditions, 1,4-chdc(2-) appears to be suitable for the synthesis of uranyl ion complexes displaying a wide range of architectures...
October 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038078/predictors-of-postoperative-recovery-based-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-after-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-surgery
#10
Tao Lin, Yichen Meng, Tangbo Li, Heng Jiang, Rui Gao, Xuhui Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with the recovery process of elderly patients following degenerative lumbar scoliosis surgery. METHODS: A total of 213 elderly patients who had undergone surgical treatment for degenerative lumbar scoliosis from 2011 to 2015 were included retrospectively in this study. Clinical data and demographics were collected for logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Among 213 eligible patients, 77(38...
October 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037974/impact-of-early-unanticipated-revision-surgery-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-adult-spinal-deformity
#11
Susana Núñez-Pereira, Alba Vila-Casademunt, Montse Domingo-Sàbat, Juan Bagó, Emre R Acaroglu, Ahmet Alanay, Ibrahim Obeid, Francisco Javier Sánchez Pérez-Grueso, Frank Kleinstück, Ferran Pellisé
Background context Revision surgery represents a major event for patients undergoing ASD surgery. Previous reports suggest minimal or no impact on HRQOL outcomes. Purpose To investigate the impact of early reoperations within the first year on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and on the likelihood of reaching the MCID after ASD surgery. Design Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from consecutive surgically treated adult deformity surgery (ADS) patients included in a multicenter, international database...
October 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037973/comparison-of-anterior-posterior-vertebral-column-resection-versus-anterior-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-severe-and-rigid-scoliosis
#12
Chunguang Zhou, Limin Liu, Yueming Song, Ganjun Feng, Xi Yang, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Many different correction methods have been reported to treat severe and rigid scoliosis. In the past, anterior/posterior spinal fusion (APSF), which included an anterior release followed by posterior instrumented fusion was widely applied. In recent years, anterior/posterior vertebral column resection (APVCR) is used to treat severe and rigid scoliosis. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical results of APSF and APVCR for severe and rigid scoliosis...
October 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037215/melanoma-brain-metastases-treated-with-stereotactic-radiosurgery-and-concurrent-pembrolizumab-display-marked-regression-efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-treatment
#13
Erik S Anderson, Michael A Postow, Jedd D Wolchok, Robert J Young, Åse Ballangrud, Timothy A Chan, Yoshiya Yamada, Kathryn Beal
BACKGROUND: Brain metastases are common in patients with metastatic melanoma. With increasing numbers of melanoma patients on anti-PD-1 therapy, we sought to evaluate the safety and initial response of brain metastases treated with concurrent pembrolizumab and radiation therapy. METHODS: From an institutional database, we retrospectively identified patients with melanoma brain metastases treated with radiation therapy (RT) who received concurrent pembrolizumab. Concurrent treatment was defined as RT during pembrolizumab administration period and up to 4 months after most recent pembrolizumab treatment...
October 17, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034788/treatment-of-acute-migraine-attacks-in-children-with-analgesics-on-the-world-health-organization-essential-medicines-list-a-systematic-review-and-grade-evidence-synthesis
#14
Milka Jeric, Nives Surjan, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Nicoletta Riva, Livia Puljak
Background The World Health Organization Essential Medicines List (WHO EML) contains two analgesics for treatment of acute migraine attacks in children, ibuprofen and paracetamol. Methods The Embase, CDSR, CENTRAL, DARE and MEDLINE databases were searched up to 18 April 2017. We analyzed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SRs) that investigate the efficacy and safety of ibuprofen or paracetamol for treatment of acute migraine attacks in children. We conducted meta-analysis and assessments of evidence with GRADE, Cochrane risk of bias tool, and AMSTAR...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034533/efficacy-tolerability-and-safety-of-cannabis-based-medicines-for-chronic-pain-management-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#15
REVIEW
W Häuser, F Petzke, M-A Fitzcharles
Medicinal cannabis has already entered mainstream medicine in some countries. This systematic review (SR) aimed at evaluating the efficacy, acceptability and safety of cannabis-based medicines for chronic pain management. Qualitative systematic review of SRs of randomized controlled trials with cannabis-based medicines for chronic pain management. The Cochrane databases of SRs, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects and PubMed were searched for SR published in the period January 2009 to January 2017. Assessment of the methodological quality of SR was performed by the AMSTAR checklist...
October 15, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032421/computer-based-radiological-longitudinal-evaluation-of-meningiomas-following-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#16
Eli Ben Shimol, Leo Joskowicz, Ruth Eliahou, Yigal Shoshan
PURPOSE: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a common treatment for intracranial meningiomas. SRS is planned on a pre-therapy gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MRI scan (Gd-T1w MRI) in which the meningioma contours have been delineated. Post-SRS therapy serial Gd-T1w MRI scans are then acquired for longitudinal treatment evaluation. Accurate tumor volume change quantification is required for treatment efficacy evaluation and for treatment continuation. METHOD: We present a new algorithm for the automatic segmentation and volumetric assessment of meningioma in post-therapy Gd-T1w MRI scans...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029213/recovery-kinetics-of-radiographic-and-implant-related-revision-patients-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#17
Peter G Passias, Cyrus M Jalai, Virginie Lafage, Gregory W Poorman, Shaleen Vira, Samantha R Horn, Justin K Scheer, D Kojo Hamilton, Breton G Line, Shay Bess, Frank J Schwab, Christopher P Ames, Douglas C Burton, Robert A Hart, Eric O Klineberg
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have observed similar health-related quality of life (HRQL) in revisions and nonrevision (NR) patients following adult spinal deformity (ASD) correction. However, a novel comparison approach may allow better comparisons in spine outcomes groups. OBJECTIVE: To determine if ASD revisions for radiographic and implant-related complications undergo a different recovery than NR patients. METHODS: Inclusion: ASD patients with complete HRQL (Oswestry Disability Index, Short-Form-36 version 2 (SF-36), Scoliosis Research Society [SRS]-22) at baseline, 6 wk, 1 yr, 2 yr...
October 6, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029012/heterogeneity-of-studies-in-anesthesiology-systematic-reviews-a-meta-epidemiological-review-and-proposal-for-evidence-mapping
#18
B Umberham, R Hedin, B Detweiler, L Kollmorgen, C Hicks, M Vassar
Heterogeneity among the primary studies included in a systematic review (SR) is one of the most challenging considerations for systematic reviewers. Current practices in anaesthesiology SRs have not been evaluated, but traditional methods may not provide sufficient information to evaluate the true nature of these differences. We address these issues by examining the practices for evaluating heterogeneity in anesthesiology reviews. Also, we propose a mapping method for presenting heterogeneous aspects of the primary studies in SRs...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026500/effectiveness-of-resilience-training-on-ego-control-and-hardiness-of-illicit-drug-users
#19
Amin Roustaei, Babollah Bakhshipoor, Younes Doostian, Ali Akbar Goodiny, Mansoureh Koohikar, Omid Massah
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of resilience training upon ego-control and hardiness of the addicted persons. METHODS: This was a semi-experimental study with pretest and posttest control groups which was conducted in Sari, Iran, during 2014-2015. Thirty persons were selected among 240 illicit drug users who underwent screening. Resilience training was performed in ten sessions for the experimental group. The Kobasa hardiness questionnaire and self-restraint scale (SRS) were used for data collection and multivariate covariance test was performed for data analysis...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022748/dependence-of-volume-calculation-and-margin-growth-accuracy-on-treatment-planning-systems-for-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#20
David J Eaton, Kevin Alty
OBJECTIVE: Uncertainties in radiotherapy target structures are partly dependent on differences between volume calculation and margin growing methods in treatment planning systems (TPS). These uncertainties are exacerbated with very small structures such as those common in stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS: Data from a national commissioning programme for SRS was used to assess variation in reported volumes for 6 benchmark cases, including malignant and benign indications...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
keyword
keyword
3489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"