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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742847/mining-of-high-utility-probability-sequential-patterns-from-uncertain-databases
#1
Binbin Zhang, Jerry Chun-Wei Lin, Philippe Fournier-Viger, Ting Li
High-utility sequential pattern mining (HUSPM) has become an important issue in the field of data mining. Several HUSPM algorithms have been designed to mine high-utility sequential patterns (HUPSPs). They have been applied in several real-life situations such as for consumer behavior analysis and event detection in sensor networks. Nonetheless, most studies on HUSPM have focused on mining HUPSPs in precise data. But in real-life, uncertainty is an important factor as data is collected using various types of sensors that are more or less accurate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727264/phosphorylated-polyacrylonitrile-fiber-as-an-efficient-and-greener-acetalization-catalyst
#2
Gang Xu, Jian Cao, Yali Zhao, Lishuo Zheng, Minli Tao, Wenqin Zhang
A novel solid acid catalyst (PANEAPF) was developed by immobilization of phosphoric acid on polyacrylonitrile fiber via covalent bond. Various characterization techniques such as elemental analysis (EA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), etc. were utilized to confirm the successful grafting and the stability of the fiber catalysts during application. The PANEAPF showed high catalytic activity in the acetalization of aldehydes due to the high utilization efficiency of its functionalized acid sites...
July 20, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725932/dna-methylation-in-elovl2-and-c1orf132-correctly-predicted-chronological-age-of-individuals-from-three-disease-groups
#3
M Spólnicka, E Pośpiech, B Pepłońska, R Zbieć-Piekarska, Ż Makowska, A Pięta, J Karłowska-Pik, B Ziemkiewicz, M Wężyk, P Gasperowicz, T Bednarczuk, M Barcikowska, C Żekanowski, R Płoski, Wojciech Branicki
Improving accuracy of the available predictive DNA methods is important for their wider use in routine forensic work. Information on age in the process of identification of an unknown individual may provide important hints that can speed up the process of investigation. DNA methylation markers have been demonstrated to provide accurate age estimation in forensics, but there is growing evidence that DNA methylation can be modified by various factors including diseases. We analyzed DNA methylation profile in five markers from five different genes (ELOVL2, C1orf132, KLF14, FHL2, and TRIM59) used for forensic age prediction in three groups of individuals with diagnosed medical conditions...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701199/effectiveness-of-distance-learning-strategies-for-continuing-professional-development-cpd-for-rural-allied-health-practitioners-a-systematic-review
#4
Angela Berndt, Carolyn M Murray, Kate Kennedy, Mandy J Stanley, Susan Gilbert-Hunt
BACKGROUND: Allied health professionals working in rural areas face unique challenges, often with limited access to resources. Accessing continuing professional development is one of those challenges and is related to retention of workforce. Effectiveness of distance learning strategies for continuing professional development in rural allied healthcare workers has not been evaluated. METHODS: We searched 17 databases and the grey literature up to September 2016 following the PRISMA guidelines...
July 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701165/ethnomedicinal-and-cultural-practices-of-mammals-and-birds-in-the-vicinity-of-river-chenab-punjab-pakistan
#5
Muhammad Altaf, Arshad Javid, Muhammad Umair, Khalid Javed Iqbal, Zahid Rasheed, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Although, use of animal species in disease treatment and culture practices is as ancient as that of plant species; however ethnomedicinal uses and cultural values of animal species have rarely been reported. Present study is the first report on the medicinal uses of mammals and bird species in Pakistan. METHODS: Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were applied to collect qualitative and quantitative data from local informants (N = 109). Relative frequency of mention (RFM), fidelity level (FL), relative popularity level (RPL), similarity index (SI) and rank order priority (ROP) indices were used to analyzed the data...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700461/student-hotspotting-teaching-the-interprofessional-care-of-complex-patients
#6
Pablo Bedoya, Katherine Neuhausen, Alan Dow, E Marshall Brooks, Dawn Mautner, Rebecca S Etz
PROBLEM: Individuals with complex health and social needs drive much of the total cost of care. Addressing these individuals' needs and decreasing costs requires interprofessional teams, called "hotspotters," who engage with communities with high utilization. Training health professions students to succeed in the hotspotting approach may benefit trainees, academic health centers (AHCs), and communities. APPROACH: The Camden Coalition of Healthcare Providers and the Association of American Medical Colleges launched the Interprofessional Student Hotspotting Learning Collaborative in 2014...
July 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691072/directing-the-lithium-sulfur-reaction-pathway-via-sparingly-solvating-electrolytes-for-high-energy-density-batteries
#7
Chang-Wook Lee, Quan Pang, Seungbum Ha, Lei Cheng, Sang-Don Han, Kevin R Zavadil, Kevin G Gallagher, Linda F Nazar, Mahalingam Balasubramanian
The lithium-sulfur battery has long been seen as a potential next generation battery chemistry for electric vehicles owing to the high theoretical specific energy and low cost of sulfur. However, even state-of-the-art lithium-sulfur batteries suffer from short lifetimes due to the migration of highly soluble polysulfide intermediates and exhibit less than desired energy density due to the required excess electrolyte. The use of sparingly solvating electrolytes in lithium-sulfur batteries is a promising approach to decouple electrolyte quantity from reaction mechanism, thus creating a pathway toward high energy density that deviates from the current catholyte approach...
June 28, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679878/characteristics-of-the-highest-users-of-emergency-services-in-veterans-affairs-hospitals-homeless-and-non-homeless
#8
Adi V Gundlapalli, Audrey L Jones, Andrew Redd, Ying Suo, Warren B P Pettey, April Mohanty, Emily Brignone, Lori Gawron, Megan Vanneman, Matthew H Samore, Jamison D Fargo
Efforts are underway to understand recent increases in emergency department (ED) use and to offer case management to those patients identified as high utilizers. Homeless Veterans are thought to use EDs for non-emergent conditions. This study identifies the highest users of ED services in the Department of Veterans Affairs and provides descriptive analyses of these Veterans, the diagnoses for which they were seen in the ED, and differences based on their homeless status. Homeless Veterans were more likely than non-homeless Veterans to have >10 visits in the 2014 calendar year (12% vs...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678130/outcomes-and-complications-of-reconstruction-with-use-of-free-vascularized-fibular-graft-for-spinal-and-pelvic-defects-following-resection-of-a-malignant-tumor
#9
Matthew T Houdek, Peter S Rose, Karim Bakri, Eric R Wagner, Michael J Yaszemski, Franklin H Sim, Steven L Moran
BACKGROUND: Following resection of malignant tumors of the spine and pelvis, reconstructive surgeons often face large structural defects. Unlike reconstruction in the extremities, wherein a free vascularized fibular graft (FVFG) is a highly utilized option for segmental osseous reconstruction, there are limited data on the use of an FVFG in the spine and pelvis. The aim of this study was to review our institution's experience with reconstruction with use of an FVFG following oncological resection in the spine and pelvis...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673899/outcomes-and-prognostic-impact-of-prophylactic-oral-anticoagulation-in-anterior-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-with-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#10
Jay S Shavadia, Erik Youngson, Kevin R Bainey, Jeffrey Bakal, Robert C Welsh
BACKGROUND: The contemporary role of prophylactic anticoagulation following extensive anterior wall ST-segment myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated anterior STEMI patients with left ventricle dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%) ("high risk"), categorized by prophylactic warfarin use, within a regional STEMI. Patients with pre-existing atrial fibrillation were excluded. The primary outcome was an adjusted (for Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events risk score) 1-year composite of recurrent ischemia, stroke/transient ischemic attack/systemic embolism, or all-cause death...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648983/mitochondrial-dynamics-in-regulating-the-unique-phenotypes-of-cancer-and-stem-cells
#11
REVIEW
Hsiuchen Chen, David C Chan
Cancer and stem cells appear to share a common metabolic profile that is characterized by high utilization of glucose through aerobic glycolysis. In the presence of sufficient nutrients, this metabolic strategy provides sufficient cellular ATP while additionally providing important metabolites necessary for the biosynthetic demands of continuous cell proliferation. Recent studies indicate that this metabolic profile is dependent on genes that regulate the fusion and fission of mitochondria. High levels of mitochondrial fission activity are associated with high proliferation and invasiveness in some cancer cells and with self-renewal and resistance to differentiation in some stem cells...
July 5, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646307/a-step-by-step-selection-method-for-the-location-and-the-size-of-a-waste-to-energy-facility-targeting-the-maximum-output-energy-and-minimization-of-gate-fee
#12
Efstathios Kyriakis, Constantinos Psomopoulos, Panagiotis Kokkotis, Athanasios Bourtsalas, Nikolaos Themelis
This study attempts the development of an algorithm in order to present a step by step selection method for the location and the size of a waste-to-energy facility targeting the maximum output energy, also considering the basic obstacle which is in many cases, the gate fee. Various parameters identified and evaluated in order to formulate the proposed decision making method in the form of an algorithm. The principle simulation input is the amount of municipal solid wastes (MSW) available for incineration and along with its net calorific value are the most important factors for the feasibility of the plant...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633668/use-of-social-adaptability-index-to-explain-self-care-and-diabetes-outcomes
#13
Jennifer A Campbell, Rebekah J Walker, Brittany L Smalls, Leonard E Egede
BACKGROUND: To examine whether the social adaptability index (SAI) alone or components of the index provide a better explanatory model for self-care and diabetes outcomes. METHODS: Six hundred fifteen patients were recruited from two primary care settings. A series of multiple linear regression models were run to assess (1) associations between the SAI and diabetes self-care/outcomes, and (2) associations between individual SAI indicator variables and diabetes self-care/outcomes...
June 20, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617019/initial-examination-of-characteristics-of-patients-who-are-high-utilizers-of-an-established-primary-care-behavioral-health-consultation-service
#14
Meghan Fondow, Elizabeth Zeidler Schreiter, Chantelle Thomas, Ashley Grosshans, Neftali Serrano, Kenneth Kushner
Obective: Although much has been studied regarding high-utilizing patients of medical services, no studies have been published regarding high-utilizing patients of integrated primary care behavioral health (PCBH) services. The primary purpose of the current study was to examine characteristics of high-utilizing patients of PCBH services and model adherence. The secondary purpose was to describe the process of conducting this research by clinicians in integrated care. METHOD: Data were obtained from electronic health records retrospectively for the study's time period, 2007-2013, for the sample of all patients who met with the behavioral health consultation team during that time...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613090/personality-disorders-in-primary-care-impact-on-depression-outcomes-within-collaborative-care
#15
Kurt B Angstman, Ashok Seshadri, Alberto Marcelin, Cesar A Gonzalez, Gregory M Garrison, Jay-Sheree Allen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with personality disorders (PDs) are high utilizers of primary care and mental health services; however, they struggle to utilize the care effectively and studies have shown a strong association between having a PD and higher impairment in social role functioning. This is especially important because PDs are highly comorbid with a wide range of other mental health disorders. The collaborative care model (CCM) for depression was developed with an emphasis on patient engagement and aimed to reduce health care utilization, while improving treatment outcomes in primary care...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609191/understanding-frequent-emergency-department-use-among-primary-care-patients
#16
Morgan Hardy, Alex Cho, Alissa Stavig, Marigny Bratcher, Janice Dillard, Lawrence Greenblatt, Kevin Schulman
Patients with high emergency department (ED) utilization are an important focus in population health management. This retrospective cohort study analyzed patterns of frequent ED use for 4087 patients enrolled at an academically-affiliated primary care clinic. For all ED visits (n = 4776), the chief complaints, admission rates, number of complaints per patient, and median time between return visits were assessed. Chart reviews were conducted for the 10 highest utilizers from each of the 3 leading complaints to help explain repeated ED use for the same complaints...
June 13, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607233/universal-health-coverage-and-the-health-sustainable-development-goal-achievements-and-challenges-for-sri-lanka
#17
Amala de Silva, Thushara Ranasinghe, Palitha Abeykoon
With state-funded health care that is free at the point of delivery, a sound primary health-care policy and widespread health-care services, Sri Lanka seems a good example of universal health coverage. Yet, health transition and disparities in provision and financing threaten this situation. Sri Lanka did well on the Millennium Development Goal health indicators, but the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) for health has a wider purview, which is to "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages"...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603388/anonymizing-1-m-microdata-with-high-utility
#18
Qiyuan Gong, Junzhou Luo, Ming Yang, Weiwei Ni, Xiao-Bai Li
Preserving privacy and utility during data publishing and data mining is essential for individuals, data providers and researchers. However, studies in this area typically assume that one individual has only one record in a dataset, which is unrealistic in many applications. Having multiple records for an individual leads to new privacy leakages. We call such a dataset a 1:M dataset. In this paper, we propose a novel privacy model called (k, l)-diversity that addresses disclosure risks in 1:M data publishing...
January 1, 2017: Knowledge-based Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579193/relativity-screens-for-misvalued-medical-services-impact-on-noninvasive-diagnostic-radiology
#19
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Ezequiel Silva, C Matthew Hawkins
PURPOSE: In 2006, the AMA/Specialty Society Relative Value Scale Update Committee (RUC) introduced ongoing relativity screens to identify potentially misvalued medical services for payment adjustments. We assess the impact of these screens upon the valuation of noninvasive diagnostic radiology services. METHODS: Data regarding relativity screens and relative value unit (RVU) changes were obtained from the 2016 AMA Relativity Assessment Status Report. All global codes in the 2016 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule with associated work RVUs were classified as noninvasive diagnostic radiology services versus remaining services...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576351/publicly-available-software-tools-for-decision-makers-during-an-emergent-epidemic-systematic-evaluation-of-utility-and-usability
#20
REVIEW
David James Heslop, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Chau Minh Bui, C Raina MacIntyre
Epidemics and emerging infectious diseases are becoming an increasing threat to global populations-challenging public health practitioners, decision makers and researchers to plan, prepare, identify and respond to outbreaks in near real-timeframes. The aim of this research is to evaluate the range of public domain and freely available software epidemic modelling tools. Twenty freely utilisable software tools underwent assessment of software usability, utility and key functionalities. Stochastic and agent based tools were found to be highly flexible, adaptable, had high utility and many features, but low usability...
April 26, 2017: Epidemics
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