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heavy metals

Yanghao Shen, Xinyan Zheng, Xiaoyu Wang, Tieshan Wang
Microorganisms play a significant role in uranium(VI) biogeochemistry and influence U(VI) transformation through biomineralization. In the present work, the process of uranium mineralization was investigated by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The toxicity experiments showed that the viability of cell was not significantly affected by 100 mg L-1 U(VI) under 4 days of exposure time. The batch experiments showed that the phosphate concentration and pH value increased over time during U(VI) adsorption. Meanwhile, thermodynamic calculations demonstrated that the adsorption system was supersaturated with respect to UO2 HPO4 ...
March 21, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Bhanoo Saulick, Vishwakalyan Bhoyroo, Nadeem Nazurally, Bhanooduth Lalljee
Concentrations of heavy metals arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury and trace elements chromium, copper, nickel and zinc were tested in the muscle tissue of four commercial edible lethrinids fish species from different region of Mauritius. Sky emperor ( Lethrinus mahsena ) was collected from coastal regions as well as offshore regions (banks) for this study. Blackspot emperor ( Lethrinus harak ) and spangled emperor ( Lethrinus nebulosus ) were also studied for their popularity in the fish market. Condition factor was calculated for each fish and the highest value obtained was in Lethrinus mahsena collected from offshore regions (2...
October 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
Dina M Al-Mailem, Mohamed Eliyas, Samir S Radwan
The aim of this study was to explore the heavy-metal resistance and hydrocarbonoclastic potential of microorganisms in a hypersaline soil. For this, hydrocarbonoclastic microorganisms were counted on a mineral medium with oil vapor as a sole carbon source in the presence of increasing concentrations of ZnSO4 , HgCl2 , CdSO4 , PbNO3 , CuSO4 , and Na2 HAsO4. The colony-forming units counted decreased in number from about 150 g-1 on the heavy-metal-free medium to zero units on media with 40-100 mg l-1 of HgCl2 , CdSO4 , PbNO3 , or Na2 HAsO4 ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Luca Giacomelli, Stefano Togni, Martino Meneghin, Roberto Eggenhöffner, Giada Maramaldi
Purpose: The purpose of this in vivo study is to evaluate the acute clinical application of a multicomponent powder (Vitachelox® ), including three naturally occurring standardized extracts rich in polyphenols (grape seed extract, green tea extract, oak wood/bark extract), on healthy volunteers by measuring prevention of any metal deposition within the stratum corneum (SC) following a 6-h exposure period in a polluted environment. Patients and methods: In this in vivo study, we evaluated the skin protective activity of the multicomponent powder formulated in a base emulsion compared to a relevant placebo cream...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Jo-Woong Choi, Chorong Oh, Sun-Yup Shim, Suyoun Jeong, Hyung Sik Kim, Min-Sun Kim
Curcuma longa is rich in curcumin and used to treat disease and in food as a spice, especially in curry dishes. The objective of the present study was to determine whether curry intake reduces blood levels of heavy metals and hypertension (HTN) using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013 data (n = 1,350). Study subjects (n = 1,350) were divided into two groups: 1) a curry intake group (n = 603), members of which had consumed a curry dish more than once a month over the previous year, and 2) a non-curry intake group (n = 747)...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Jinbao Liu, Yang Zhang, Huanyuan Wang, Yichun Du
The estimation of soils heavy metal content can reflect the impending surroundings of surface, which lays theoretical foundation for using covered vegetation to monitor environment and investigate resource. In this study, the contents of Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Hg and Pb in 44 soil samples were collected from Fufeng County, Yangling County and Wugong County, Shaanxi Province and were used as data sources. ASD FieldSpec HR (350-2500nm), and then the NOR, MSC and SNV of the reflectance were pretreated, the first deviation, second deviation and reflectance reciprocal logarithmic transformation were carried out...
March 14, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Amanda C Carroll, Alex Wong
Plasmids are extrachromosomal DNA elements that can be found throughout bacteria, as well as in other domains of life. Nonetheless, the evolutionary processes underlying the persistence of plasmids are incompletely understood. Bacterial plasmids may encode genes for traits which are sometimes beneficial to their hosts, such as antimicrobial resistance, virulence, heavy metal tolerance, and the catabolism of unique nutrient sources. In the absence of selection for these traits, however, plasmids generally impose a fitness cost on their hosts...
March 21, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Ali Serol Ertürk, Mustafa Ulvi Gürbüz, Metin Tülü, Abdürrezzak Emin Bozdoğan
Different generations (G3-G4) of amine-terminated Jeffamine® T-403 core poly(amidoamine) PAMAM dendrimers (JCPDs) were used as new macromolecular heavy metal chelating agent templates in polymer assisted ultrafiltration (PAUF) for the investigation of their removal ability for some of the divalent metal ions: Cu, Co, Ni, Cd, and Zn from aqueous solutions under competitive conditions. The effects of pH and generation size of JCPDs were also investigated. Extent of binding (EOB) data can be appropriately expressed by a tetradentate coordination for JCPDs at pH 9 where the maximum removal of metal ions was observed...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Zhiqiang Cheng, Shengzhe Zhao, Lihao Han
A novel method for synthesizing ZnO/γ-Al2O3 nanofibers by electrospinning and subsequent calcination is reported. The prepared nanofibers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The ZnO/γ-Al2O3 nanofibers exhibited excellent capacity for adsorbing organics with a negative zeta potential such as methyl orange (95.8%) and heavy metal ions such as Cr(vi) in aqueous solution...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Anne Kathrine R Junker, Leila R Hill, Amber L Thompson, Stephen Faulkner, Thomas Just Sørensen
Lanthanide based dyes and assays exploit the antenna effect, where a sensitiser-chromophore is used as a light harvesting antenna and subsequent excited state energy transfer populates the emitting lanthanide centred excited state. A rudimentary understanding of the design criteria for designing efficient dyes and assays based on the antenna effect is in place. By preparing kinetically inert lanthanide complexes based on the DO3A scaffold, we are able to study the excited state energy transfer from a 7-methoxy-coumarin antenna chromophore to europium(iii) and terbium(iii) centred excited states...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sukhmeen Kaur Kohli, Neha Handa, Anket Sharma, Vandana Gautam, Saroj Arora, Renu Bhardwaj, Leonard Wijaya, Mohammed Nasser Alyemeni, Parvaiz Ahmad
Lead (Pb) is considered one the most hazardous pollutant, and its accumulation in soil and plants is of prime concern. To understand the role of plant hormones in combating heavy metal stress, the present study was planned to assess the interactive effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) (10-7  M) and salicylic acid (SA) (1 mM) in regulating growth, pigment contents, antioxidative defense response, and gene expression in Brassica juncea L. seedlings exposed to different concentrations of Pb metal (0.25, 0.50, and 0...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Bernadette U Ukah, Ogbonnaya Igwe, Peter Ameh
In Ajao Estate, it is believed that poor quality of its groundwater is unconnected to the dislodging of wastewater into the environment by food- and wine-producing industries operating in the area. To ascertain this claim, the impact of this wastewater on microbiological and physicochemical quality of the groundwater was evaluated. Microbiological result of water samples revealed decrease in Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium spp., Escherichia coli, etc. count from the industrial wastewater dislodging point...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Pratishtha Gupta, Rupa Rani, Avantika Chandra, Vipin Kumar
Contamination of agricultural soil with heavy metals has become a serious concern worldwide. In the present study, Cr6+ resistant plant growth promoting Pseudomonas sp. (strain CPSB21) was isolated from the tannery effluent contaminated agricultural soils and evaluated for the plant growth promoting activities, oxidative stress tolerance, and Cr6+ bioremediation. Assessment of different plant growth promotion traits, such as phosphate solubilization, indole-3-acetic acid production, siderophores, ammonia and hydrogen cyanide production, revealed that the strain CPSB21 served as an efficient plant growth promoter under laboratory conditions...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Gisela Weibel, Urs Eggenberger, Dmitrii A Kulik, Wolfgang Hummel, Stefan Schlumberger, Waldemar Klink, Martin Fisch, Urs K Mäder
Fly ash from municipal solid waste incineration contains a large potential for recyclable metals such as Zn, Pb, Cu and Cd. The Swiss Waste Ordinance prescribes the treatment of fly ash and recovery of metals to be implemented by 2021. More than 60% of the fly ash in Switzerland is acid leached according to the FLUWA process, which provides the basis for metal recovery. The investigation and optimization of the FLUWA process is of increasing interest and an industrial solution for direct metal recovery within Switzerland is in development...
March 17, 2018: Waste Management
Ashley L Bolden, Kim Schultz, Katherine E Pelch, Carol F Kwiatkowski
BACKGROUND: In the last decade unconventional oil and gas (UOG) extraction has rapidly proliferated throughout the United States (US) and the world. This occurred largely because of the development of directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing which allows access to fossil fuels from geologic formations that were previously not cost effective to pursue. This process is known to use greater than 1,000 chemicals such as solvents, surfactants, detergents, and biocides. In addition, a complex mixture of chemicals, including heavy metals, naturally-occurring radioactive chemicals, and organic compounds are released from the formations and can enter air and water...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Thomas J Penfold, Etienne Gindensperger, Chantal Daniel, Christel M Marian
Intersystem crossing (ISC), formally forbidden within nonrelativistic quantum theory, is the mechanism by which a molecule changes its spin state. It plays an important role in the excited state decay dynamics of many molecular systems and not just those containing heavy elements. In the simplest case, ISC is driven by direct spin-orbit coupling between two states of different multiplicities. This coupling is usually assumed to remain unchanged by vibrational motion. It is also often presumed that spin-allowed radiationless transitions, i...
March 20, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Shan-Shan Li, Wen-Yi Zhou, Min Jiang, Zheng Guo, Jinhuai Liu, Lizhi Zhang, Xing-Jiu Huang
Developing a new ultra-sensitive interface to detect As(III) is highly desirable because of its seriously toxic and low concentration in drinking water. Recently, Fe3O4 nanoparticles of high adsorption toward As(III) become very promising to be such an interface, which is still limited by the poor understanding of their surface physicochemical properties. Herein, we report that dumbbell-like Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles, when being modified the screen-printed carbon electrode, can serve as an efficient sensing interface for As(III) detection with an excellent sensitivity of 9...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Jun Yang, Silu Ma, Jingcheng Zhou, Yongwei Song, Fei Li
Objective This study was performed to evaluate the state of heavy metal contamination in soil and vegetables and assess the health risk of inhabitants in the mine-affected area and area far from the mine (reference area) in Daye, China. Methods The heavy metal concentrations in soil and vegetable samples were detected by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Residents' exposure parameters were obtained through a questionnaire survey. A health risk assessment model recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency was used to evaluate the residents' risk of oral exposure...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Ning Guo, Rémi Maurice, David Teze, Jérôme Graton, Julie Champion, Gilles Montavon, Nicolas Galland
The importance of halogen bonds-highly directional interactions between an electron-deficient σ-hole moiety in a halogenated compound and an acceptor such as a Lewis base-is being increasingly recognized in a wide variety of fields from biomedicinal chemistry to materials science. The heaviest halogens are known to form stronger halogen bonds, implying that if this trend continues down the periodic table, astatine should exhibit the highest halogen-bond donating ability. This may be mitigated, however, by the relativistic effects undergone by heavy elements, as illustrated by the metallic character of astatine...
March 19, 2018: Nature Chemistry
Zengyin Zhu, Mancheng Zhang, Wei Wang, Qing Zhou, Fuqiang Liu
A series of magnetic multi-amine resins (MMARs, named E1D9-E9D1) was proposed for the removal of tetracycline (TC) and Cu(II) in sole and binary solutions. Results showed that the N content of the resins increased sharply from 1.7% to 15.49%, and the BET surface areas decreased from 1433.4 m2 /g to 8.9 m2 /g with methyl acrylate ratio increasing from E1D9 to E9D1. Their adsorption capacities for TC and Cu(II) could reach 0.243 and 0.453 mmol/g, respectively. The adsorption isotherms of TC onto MMARs transformed from heterogeneous adsorption to monolayer-type adsorption with DVB monomer ratio in resin matrix decrease, suggesting the dominant physical adsorption between TC and benzene rings...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
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