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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813274/parenting-in-new-family-forms
#1
REVIEW
Susan Golombok
This paper reviews research on parenting and child development in new family forms including families created by assisted reproductive technologies, same-sex parent families, and families headed by single mothers by choice. The research is examined in the context of the issues and concerns that have been raised regarding these families. The findings not only contest popular assumptions about the psychological consequences for children of being raised in new family forms but also challenge the supremacy of the traditional family...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811855/impact-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident-on-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-fukushima-prefecture-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#2
Masako Hayashi, Keiya Fujimori, Seiji Yasumura, Akihito Nakai
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidences and obstetric outcomes of women who conceived using assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures in Fukushima Prefecture before and after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. METHODS: Information was collected and analyzed from 12,070 women who conceived with or without ART in Fukushima Prefecture during the 9 months before and after the disaster. RESULTS: During the 9 months before and after the disaster, 138 (2...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807397/colorectal-endometriosis-associated-infertility-should-surgery-precede-art
#3
Sofiane Bendifallah, Horace Roman, Emmanuelle Mathieu d'Argent, Salma Touleimat, Jonathan Cohen, Emile Darai, Marcos Ballester
OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of first-line assisted reproductive technology (ART; intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI]-IVF) and first-line colorectal surgery followed by ART on fertility outcomes in women with colorectal endometriosis-associated infertility. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study using propensity score (PS) matching (PSM) analysis. SETTING: University referral centers. PATIENT(S): A total of 110 women were analyzed from January 2005 to June 2014...
August 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799832/soldiers-preferences-regarding-sperm-preservation-posthumous-reproduction-and-attributes-of-a-potential-posthumous-mother
#4
Ya'arit Bokek-Cohen, Vardit Ravitsky
We present study results regarding soldiers' willingness to conduct posthumous reproduction. Two hundred twelve Israeli soldiers filled in a questionnaire designed to examine their willingness to cryopreserve sperm and evaluate in which familial circumstances they would consent to posthumous reproduction. They ranked the desirability of 46 attributes of a potential mother and a life partner. Findings indicate a relatively high predisposition in favor of posthumous-assisted reproduction; the wishes of soldiers' parents had much more influence on soldiers' willingness to pursue this technology than those of a partner...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799257/comparison-of-costs-associated-with-substituting-culture-medium-with-saline-solution-for-follicular-flushing-during-oocyte-retrieval
#5
Dmitry Loktionov, Oladayo Oduola, Jenny Cloherty, Sharon M Warner, Nikhil Purandare
OBJECTIVES: To compare culture medium and saline solution for follicular flushing during oocyte retrieval with assisted reproductive technologies. METHODS: The present retrospective study analyzed data collected at Galway Fertility Clinic, Galway, Ireland, between January 1, 2015, and August 31, 2016; all patients attending the clinic for in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection during this period were included. Data were stratified by whether follicular flushing was performed with culture medium or saline, and the oocyte yield rate, fertilization rate, embryo utilization rate, and biochemical and clinical pregnancy rates were compared between the groups...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795845/analysis-of-embryo-intactness-and-developmental-potential-following-slow-freezing-and-vitrification
#6
Lan Yu, Chanwei Jia, Yonglian Lan, Rui Song, Liying Zhou, Ying Li, Yu Liang, Shuyu Wang
The aim of this study was to identify the parameters that are related to intactness and developmental potential of a day 3 embryo after warming to improve the selection criteria used to cryopreserve and transfer embryos. We also sought to compare slow freezing and vitrification methods of cryopreservation and to evaluate the viability of non-intact embryos. Embryos warmed following slow freezing (n=220) or vitrification (n=522) were divided into 3 groups according to the proportion of surviving blastomeres (I<50%; II=50-99%; and III=100%)...
August 10, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791262/clinical-characteristics-of-pregnancies-complicated-by-congenital-myotonic-dystrophy
#7
Cheonga Yee, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-Young Oh, Chang-Seok Ki, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although the conventional prevalence of myotonic dystrophy is 1:8,000, the prevalence in Korean population was recently reported as 1:1,245. With higher domestic result than expected, we aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of pregnancies complicated by congenital myotonic dystrophy in our institution. METHODS: We have reviewed 11 paired cases of neonates diagnosed with congenital myotonic dystrophy and their mothers between July 2004 and May 2014, with clinical features including maternal history of infertility, prenatal ultrasonographic findings, and neonatal outcomes...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783553/effect-of-advanced-maternal-age-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-pregnancies
#8
Amirhossein Moaddab, Frank A Chervenak, Laurence B Mccullough, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Amir A Shamshirsaz, Amy Schutt, Sara E Arian, Karin A Fox, Gary A Dildy, Alireza A Shamshirsaz
OBJECTIVES: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes between women with assisted reproductive technologies pregnancy aged <40, 40-44, 45-49, and ≥50 years. STUDY: Design In a population-level analysis study, all live births by ART identified on birth certificate between 2011 and 2014 were extracted (n=101,494) using data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention-National Center for Health Statistics (CDC-NCHS). We investigated and compared maternal and neonatal outcomes based on conditions routinely listed on birth certificates...
July 29, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781942/prevalence-and-determinants-of-preterm-birth-in-tehran-iran-a-comparison-between-logistic-regression-and-decision-tree-methods
#9
Payam Amini, Saman Maroufizadeh, Reza Omani Samani, Omid Hamidi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
OBJECTIVES: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of neonatal death and the second biggest cause of death in children under five years of age. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of PTB and its associated factors using logistic regression and decision tree classification methods. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 4,415 pregnant women in Tehran, Iran, from July 6-21, 2015. Data were collected by a researcher-developed questionnaire through interviews with mothers and review of their medical records...
June 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780659/preconception-counseling-for-women-with-cardiac-disease
#10
REVIEW
Mark A Clapp, Sarah N Bernstein
All providers who care for reproductive-aged women with cardiac disease should assess these patients' desires and plans for pregnancy at every encounter. For those considering pregnancy, preconception counseling, often performed by a maternal-fetal medicine specialist, can help patients understand the potential implications of pregnancy on their health and estimate the risks of an adverse cardiac event prior to conceiving. There are cardiac conditions, such as pulmonary hypertension and aortic stenosis, in which pregnancy may be contraindicated given the high morbidity and mortality; there are tools available to help quantify a patient's risk...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764627/assisted-reproductive-technologies-new-guidance-for-women-and-doctors-is-welcome
#11
Stephen J Robson, Caroline M de Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764619/assisted-reproductive-technology-in-australia-and-new-zealand-cumulative-live-birth-rates-as-measures-of-success
#12
Georgina M Chambers, Repon C Paul, Katie Harris, Oisin Fitzgerald, Clare V Boothroyd, Luk Rombauts, Michael G Chapman, Louisa Jorm
OBJECTIVES: To estimate cumulative live birth rates (CLBRs) following repeated assisted reproductive technology (ART) ovarian stimulation cycles, including all fresh and frozen/thaw embryo transfers (complete cycles). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective follow-up of 56 652 women commencing ART in Australian and New Zealand during 2009-2012, and followed until 2014 or the first treatment-dependent live birth. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: CLBRs and cycle-specific live birth rates were calculated for up to eight cycles, stratified by the age of the women (< 30, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, > 44 years)...
August 7, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763745/carbenoxolone-reduces-cyclic-nucleotides-level-destabilizes-maturation-promoting-factor-and-induces-meiotic-exit-from-diplotene-arrest-in-rat-cumulus-oocytes-complexes-cultured-in-vitro
#13
Meenakshi Tiwari, Shail K Chaube
BACKGROUND: Disruption of gap junction and transfer of cyclic nucleotides to the oocyte lead to meiotic exit from diplotene arrest (EDA) in mammals. In the present study, we examined whether a gap junction blocker, carbenoxolone (CBX) could induce EDA by reducing cyclic nucleotides level and destabilizing maturation promoting factor (MPF) in rat oocytes cultured in vitro. METHODS: Diplotene-arrested cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from ovary of immature female rats after 20 IU pregnant mare's serum gonadotropins (PMSG) for 48h...
July 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760794/comparison-of-a-freeze-all-strategy-including-gnrh-agonist-trigger-versus-a-fresh-transfer-strategy-including-hcg-trigger-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-art-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Sacha Stormlund, Kristine Løssl, Anne Zedeler, Jeanette Bogstad, Lisbeth Prætorius, Henriette Svarre Nielsen, Mona Bungum, Sven O Skouby, Anne Lis Mikkelsen, Anders Nyboe Andersen, Christina Bergh, Peter Humaidan, Anja Pinborg
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy rates after frozen embryo transfer (FET) have improved in recent years and are now approaching or even exceeding those obtained after fresh embryo transfer. This is partly due to improved laboratory techniques, but may also be caused by a more physiological hormonal and endometrial environment in FET cycles. Furthermore, the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is practically eliminated in segmentation cycles followed by FET and the use of natural cycles in FETs may be beneficial for the postimplantational conditions of fetal development...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760517/the-international-glossary-on-infertility-and-fertility-care-2017
#15
Fernando Zegers-Hochschild, G David Adamson, Silke Dyer, Catherine Racowsky, Jacques de Mouzon, Rebecca Sokol, Laura Rienzi, Arne Sunde, Lone Schmidt, Ian D Cooke, Joe Leigh Simpson, Sheryl van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Can a consensus and evidence-driven set of terms and definitions be generated to be used globally in order to ensure consistency when reporting on infertility issues and fertility care interventions, as well as to harmonize communication among the medical and scientific communities, policy-makers, and lay public including individuals and couples experiencing fertility problems? SUMMARY ANSWER: A set of 283 consensus-based and evidence-driven terminologies used in infertility and fertility care has been generated through an inclusive consensus-based process with multiple stakeholders...
July 28, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758852/dehydroepiandrosterone-supplementation-in-women-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technology-with-poor-ovarian-response-a-prospective-case-control-study
#16
Haifa A Al-Turki
Objective The effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation in Saudi Arabian women with poor ovarian response (POR) is presently unknown. The present study aimed to assess the benefits of DHEA supplementation in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Methods This was a prospective case-control study involving 62 women who were diagnosed with POR and underwent IVF/ICSI between January 2012 and June 2016. The positive influence of DHEA in 34 women, compared with 28 women without supplementation, was defined as improvements in the number of oocytes retrieved, the fertilization rate, the number of grade I embryos generated and the pregnancy rate...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758506/exposure-to-modern-widespread-environmental-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-their-effect-on-the-reproductive-potential-of-women-an-overview-of-current-epidemiological-evidence
#17
Anetta Karwacka, Dorota Zamkowska, Michał Radwan, Joanna Jurewicz
Growing evidence indicates that exposure to widespread, environmental contaminants called endocrine disruptors (EDCs) negatively affects animal and human reproductive health and has been linked to several diseases including infertility. This review aims to evaluate the impact of environmental exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals [phthalates, parabens, triclosan, bisphenol A (BPA), organochlorine (PCBs) and perfluorinated (PFCs) compounds] on the reproductive potential among women, by reviewing most recently published literature...
July 31, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756898/paving-the-way-for-a-gold-standard-of-care-for-infertility-treatment-improving-outcomes-through-standardization-of-laboratory-procedures
#18
REVIEW
William Schoolcraft, Marcos Meseguer
Infertility affects over 70 million couples globally. Access to, and interest in, assisted reproductive technologies is growing worldwide, with more couples seeking medical intervention to conceive, in particular by IVF. Despite numerous advances in IVF techniques since its first success in 1978, almost half of the patients treated remain childless. The multifactorial nature of IVF treatment means that success is dependent on many variables. Therefore, it is important to examine how each variable can be optimized to achieve the best possible outcomes for patients...
July 14, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755152/assisted-reproduction-and-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-singletons-by-infertility-diagnoses-and-treatment-modalities-a-population-based-study
#19
Galit Levi Dunietz, Claudia Holzman, Yujia Zhang, Chenxi Li, David Todem, Sheree L Boulet, Patricia McKane, Dmitry M Kissin, Glenn Copeland, Dana Bernson, Michael P Diamond
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the spectrum of infertility diagnoses and assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments in relation to risk of preterm birth (PTB) in singletons. METHODS: Population-based assisted reproductive technology surveillance data for 2000-2010 were linked with birth certificates from three states: Florida, Massachusetts, and Michigan, resulting in a sample of 4,370,361 non-ART and 28,430 ART-related singletons. Logistic regression models with robust variance estimators were used to compare PTB risk among singletons conceived with and without ART, the former grouped by parental infertility diagnoses and treatment modalities...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753549/first-trimester-%C3%AE-hcg-and-estradiol-levels-in-singleton-and-twin-pregnancies-after-assisted-reproduction
#20
Ana Póvoa, Pedro Xavier, Alexandra Matias, Isaac Blicksttein
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of β-hCG and estradiol collected during the first trimester in singleton and twin pregnancies following assisted reproduction technologies (ART). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 50 singleton and 47 dichorionic twin pregnancies that eventually ended in live births. Patients were recruited from a single ART center with standard treatment protocols followed by fresh embryo transfers. Hormone measurements were performed within a narrow gestational age range and analyzed in a single laboratory thus minimizing inter- and intra-assay variability...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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