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Pulmonary vein isolation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339676/electrical-and-histological-remodeling-of-the-pulmonary-vein-in-2k1c-hypertensive-rats-indication-of-initiation-and-maintenance-of-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Pan Pan Xia, Lian Jing Li, Run Di Qi, Jiao Jiao Shi, Wei Zhu Ju, Ming Long Chen
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is a significant risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). The role of pulmonary vein (PV) remodeling in the mechanistic association between hypertension and AF is not definitive. In this study, we aimed to identify changes in the electrophysiology and histology in PVs in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive rats. METHODS: Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats were classified into the 2K1C and sham-operated groups. The systolic blood pressure was measured every 2 weeks...
January 17, 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338895/feasibility-of-total-intravenous-anesthesia-by-cardiologists-with-the-support-of-anesthesiologists-during-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Takanori Yamaguchi, Yusuke Shimakawa, Shinji Mitsumizo, Akira Fukui, Yuki Kawano, Toyokazu Otsubo, Yuya Takahashi, Kei Hirota, Takeshi Tsuchiya, Kenichi Eshima
BACKGROUND: The optimal methodology for sedation and anesthesia during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation has not been well established. We assessed the feasibility of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) by cardiologists with support from anesthesiologists during AF ablation and quality of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and single procedure success rate at 12 months. METHODS: TIVA was performed by cardiologists using IV propofol and fentanyl under controlled ventilation via i-gel™ without neuromuscular blocking drugs in 160 consecutive patients (80 nonparoxysmal) with no anticipated difficult airway or other severe diseases...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338326/diabetes-mellitus-and-atrial-remodelling-in-patients-with-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-role-of-electroanatomical-mapping-and-catheter-ablation
#3
Domenico Grieco, Zefferino Palamà, Alessio Borrelli, Ermenegildo De Ruvo, Luigi Sciarra, Antonio Scarà, Emilia Goanta, Vito Calabrese, Paolo Pozzilli, Germano Di Sciascio, Leonardo Calò
Complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) are related to atrial fibrosis, but their ablation has not yet shown superiority. The aim of the study was to compare, in terms of clinical outcome, two strategies of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM): pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) vs. PVI + CFAEs. Compared to an historical population of patient with paroxysmal AF and without DM, a higher percentage of patients with DM showed more than 25% of atrial area interested by CFAEs (study population, 58% vs historical group, 15%; p < 0...
January 1, 2018: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338156/attenuating-effect-of-long-term-culture-of-umbilical-cord-vein-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-on-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-c57bl-6-mice
#4
Maryam Moradi, Mohammad Ali Rezaee, Mehdi Mohammadi, Mohammad Jafar Rezaie, Ali Jalili, Mohammad Reza Rahmani
In recent studies, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been increasingly employed to treat various diseases like pulmonary fibrosis (PF). There are very few MSCs in tissues so in order to obtain their sufficient numbers for therapeutic applications, their in vitro expansion is necessary. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of long-term culture of the human umbilical cord vein MSCs (hUCV-MSCs) on pulmonary fibrosis in mice. MSCs were first isolated from human umbilical cord vein and cultured up to 18 passages...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336253/colchicine-in-post-operative-atrial-fibrillation-a-review
#5
Dimitrios A Vrachatis, Charalampos Kossyvakis, Christos Angelidis, Vasiliki Panagopoulou, Eleni K Sarri, Sotiria Giotaki, Gerasimos Siasos, Manolis Vavuranakis, Spyridon G Deftereos
Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a frequent entity increasing hospitalization duration, stroke and mortality. In the recent years, a few studies have sought to investigate the potential effect of colchicine in POAF prevention after cardiac surgery or catheter pulmonary vein isolation for AF. In the present review article, we intend to provide a synopsis of clinical practice guidelines, summarize and critically approach current evidence for or against colchicine as a means of POAF prevention.
January 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327638/hybrid-and-surgical-procedures-for-the-treatment-of-persistent-and-longstanding-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Jose M Sanchez, Ghannam Al-Dosari, Sherman Chu, Ramin Beygui, Tobias Deuse, Nitish Badhwar, Randall J Lee
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. The incidence of AF increases with age and is associated with increased stroke, heart failure and mortality. Persistent and long standing persistent AF is difficult to treat and often refractory to medical therapy and catheter ablation. Areas covered: This article reviews the historical development of the surgical Cox-MAZE procedure and current hybrid and minimally invasive surgical approaches for the treatment of persistent and long standing persistent AF...
January 12, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326838/increasing-the-single-procedure-success-rate-of-pulmonary-vein-isolation
#7
Mattias Duytschaever, Mark O'Neill, Martin Martinek
To improve the single-procedural success and long-term outcomes of catheter ablation techniques for AF, there is a need for durable, contiguous and transmural lesions encircling the pulmonary veins (PV). Measurement of contact force (CF) between the catheter tip and the target tissue can optimise ablation procedures. A new approach to obtain single-procedure durable PV isolation (PVI) using the latest CF technology combined with the CARTO VISITAG™ Module with Ablation Index (Biosense Webster) has been shown in small studies to almost eliminate recurrence of paroxysmal AF at 1-year follow up and to make PVI procedures more reproducible...
December 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326835/ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-drivers
#8
Tina Baykaner, Junaid A B Zaman, Paul J Wang, Sanjiv M Narayan
Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is central to ablation approaches for atrial fibrillation (AF), yet many patients still have arrhythmia recurrence after one or more procedures, despite evolving technologies for PVI. Ablation of localised AF drivers, which lie outside the pulmonary veins in many patients, is a practical approach that has been shown to improve success by many groups. Such localised drivers lie in atrial regions shown mechanistically to sustain AF in optical mapping and clinical studies of human AF, as well as computational and animal studies...
December 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326828/cryoballoon-ablation-in-today-s-practice-can-the-left-common-ostium-be-ablated-and-injury-to-the-right-phrenic-nerve-avoided
#9
Gian-Battista Chierchia, Saverio Iacopino, Carlo de Asmundis
Cryoballoon ablation is rapidly gaining popularity among electrophysiologists in the setting of pulmonary vein isolation for the treatment of AF. The first part of the following review focuses on the feasibility and clinical outcome of this technique in patients exhibiting a left common ostium. In the second part, we discuss how to predict and prevent the most common complication related to cryoballoon ablation: right phrenic nerve palsy.
December 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325041/spontaneous-massive-hemothorax-presenting-as-a-late-complication-of-stent-implantation-in-a-patient-with-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-following-radiofrequency-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Andres Obeso, Amara Tilve, Alejandro Jimenez, Johannes Bonatti
Catheter ablation for symptomatic and drug-resistant atrial fibrillation is considered as the main acquired cause of pulmonary vein stenosis in adults. Controversy currently exists about the optimal treatment approach of this entity. Stenting seems to achieve lower vessel restenosis rates than isolated balloon angioplasty. However, these techniques are not exempt from complications. We present a case of spontaneous massive haemothorax presenting as a late complication of stent implantation in a patient with pulmonary vein stenosis...
January 6, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316552/arteriovenous-sphingosine-1-phosphate-differences-across-selected-organs-of-the-rat
#11
Monika Książek, Urszula Baranowska, Adrian Chabowski, Marcin Baranowski
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lysosphingolipid that is found in high concentration in plasma. The majority of plasma S1P is transported bound to HDL and albumin. Although the major sources of circulating S1P have been identified, it remains obscure what is the contribution of different organs/tissues to S1P homeostasis in plasma. Answering this question was the major aim of the present study. METHODS: The experiment was performed on male Wistar rats from whom blood samples were taken from either: 1) femoral vein, right ventricle of the heart, and abdominal aorta (n=15) or 2) hepatic vein, portal vein, and abdominal aorta (n=11)...
December 22, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315991/efficacy-of-catheter-ablation-of-focal-sources-in-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Yoshihide Takahashi, Syu Yamashita, Masahito Suzuki, Kento Yabe, Kenzo Hirao
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies suggest that atrial fibrillation (AF) is maintained by electrical activity arising from focal sources. We sought to test whether catheter ablation that targets focal sources can improve on current ablation protocols for persistent AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: In patients with persistent AF whose AF did not terminate with pulmonary vein isolation, the left atrium was mapped with a 20-pole high-density mapping catheter using CARTO®3 navigation...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315645/a-preliminary-study-of-pulmonary-vein-implant-applicability-and-safety-as-a-potential-ablation-platform-in-a-follow-up-study-in-pigs
#13
Tim Vandecasteele, Stijn Schauvliege, Matthew Philpott, Eli Clement, Gunther van Loon, Lisse Vera, Tim Boussy, Thomas van Bergen, Wim Van Den Broeck, Pieter Cornillie, Glenn Van Langenhove
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of atrial fibrillation after an ablation procedure remains a major problem which emphasizes the need for improved pulmonary vein isolation techniques. AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe an implantation procedure of a pulmonary vein-stent which may possibly serve as an ablation technique in the future and to examine stent safety in a follow-up study in pigs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight pigs were catheterized and nine self-expanding nitinol stents were implanted through a transfemoral or transatrial approach into the antra of the pulmonary veins...
January 8, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315411/improving-procedural-and-one-year-outcome-after-contact-force-guided-pulmonary-vein-isolation-the-role-of-interlesion-distance-ablation-index-and-contact-force-variability-in-the-close-protocol
#14
Thomas Phlips, Philippe Taghji, Milad El Haddad, Michael Wolf, Sébastien Knecht, Yves Vandekerckhove, René Tavernier, Mattias Duytschaever
Aims: We have recently shown that a contact force (CF)-guided ablation protocol respecting region-specific criteria of lesion contiguity and lesion depth ('CLOSE' protocol) is associated with high incidence of acute durable pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) and a high single-procedure arrhythmia-free survival at 1 year. In the present study, we compared efficiency, safety, and efficacy of 'CLOSE'-guided PVI to conventional CF-guided PVI (CONV-CF). Methods and results: Fifty consecutive paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) patients underwent PV encircling using a CF-sensing catheter targeting an interlesion distance (ILD) ≤6 mm and ablation index (AI) ≥400 and ≥550 at posterior and anterior wall ('CLOSE' group)...
January 4, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315382/safety-and-long-term-effectiveness-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-with-a-contact-force-sensing-catheter-real-world-experience-from-a-prospective-multicentre-observational-cohort-registry
#15
Tom De Potter, Hugo Van Herendael, Richard Balasubramaniam, Matthew Wright, Sharad C Agarwal, Prashanthan Sanders, Yaariv Khaykin, Decebal-Gabriel Latcu, Philippe Maury, Antonio Pani, John Hayes, Jonathan Kalman, Pablo Nery, Edward Duncan
Aims: Real-time contact force (CF)-sensing radiofrequency ablation catheter for treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) allows optimization of electrode-tissue contact, which correlates with long-term success. This prospective, multicentre observational registry assessed the real-world clinical effectiveness of a CF-sensing catheter for ablation of drug-refractory PAF. Methods and results: Patients were followed-up at 3, 6, and 12 months after ablation...
January 4, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314367/successful-pulmonary-vein-isolation-by-ablation-in-the-right-atrium
#16
Koshiro Kanaoka, Taku Nishida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312704/the-absence-of-effect-of-ganglionated-plexi-ablation-on-heart-rate-variability-parameters-in-patients-after-thoracoscopic-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#17
Jana Zdarska, Pavel Osmancik, Petr Budera, Dalibor Herman, Radka Prochazkova, David Talavera, Zbynek Straka
Background: Hybrid ablation [thoracoscopic ablation (TA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) followed by catheter ablation (CA)] is an increasingly common method of the treatment for patients with AF. The aim of this study was to assess the response to ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation in patients with a previous TA (i.e., to assess whether TA had resulted in damage to the GP. Heart rate variability (HRV) was used as a marker of the autonomic response. Methods: Twenty AF patients underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) plus GP ablation (GP group) and 18 AF patients underwent CA including GP ablation as a part of hybrid ablation (i...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307536/predictors-and-outcomes-of-recurrent-venous-thromboembolism-in-elderly-patients
#18
Sandro Lauber, Andreas Limacher, Tobias Tritschler, Odile Stalder, Marie Méan, Marc Righini, Markus Aschwanden, Jürg Hans Beer, Beat Frauchiger, Josef Osterwalder, Nils Kucher, Bernhard Lämmle, Jacques Cornuz, Anne Angelillo-Scherrer, Christian M Matter, Marc Husmann, Martin Banyai, Daniel Staub, Lucia Mazzolai, Olivier Hugli, Nicolas Rodondi, Drahomir Aujesky
BACKGROUND: Little is known about predictors and outcomes of recurrent venous thromboembolism in elderly patients. METHODS: We prospectively followed up 991 patients aged ≥65 years with acute venous thromboembolism in a multicenter Swiss cohort study. The primary outcome was symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism. We explored the association between baseline characteristics and treatments and recurrent venous thromboembolism using competing risk regression, adjusting for periods of anticoagulation as a time-varying co-variate...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305676/impact-of-3d-mapping-on-procedural-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-cryoballoon-pulmonary-vein-isolation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Emily N Guhl, Evan Adelstein, Andrew Voigt, Norman C Wang, Samir Saba, Sandeep K Jain
PURPOSE: The use of 3D mapping during cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is optional with added cost but potential benefit in aiding vein identification, reducing fluoroscopy, and post-ablation testing. Data are limited evaluating procedural characteristics and outcomes in patients undergoing cryoballoon PVI with mapping vs. no mapping. In the present study, we compare procedural characteristics and recurrence-free rates in patients undergoing cryoballoon PVI among patients using CARTO®, NavX™, or no mapping system...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297907/-combined-left-atrial-appendage-percutaneous-closure-and-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-a-single-center-experience
#20
Elisa Pelissero, Marco Giuggia, Maria Chiara Todaro, Giuseppe Trapani, Benedetta Giordano, Gaetano Senatore
BACKGROUND: We evaluated long-term safety and efficacy of concomitant left atrial appendage (LAA) closure and atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. METHODS: From February 2013 to June 2017, all patients referred for AF ablation and LAA closure (group 1) were enrolled in the study and compared with a matched control group undergoing AF ablation only (group 2). Pulmonary vein isolation was achieved in all cases with radiofrequency or cryoballoon. LAA was occluded with Watchman or Amplatzer Cardiac Plug or Amulet (ACP) devices...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
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