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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103417/diabetes-as-a-risk-factor-for-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-women-compared-with-men-a-meta-analysis-including-10-856-279-individuals-and-106-703-acute-coronary-syndrome-events
#1
Xue Dong, Rongrong Cai, Jie Sun, Rong Huang, Pin Wang, Haixia Sun, Sai Tian, Shaohua Wang
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a significant cause of death and disability worldwide and is a strong risk factor for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Whether diabetes confers the same excess risk of ACS in both sexes is unknown. Therefore, we undertook a meta-analysis to estimate the relative risk for ACS associated with diabetes in men and women. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for both case-control and cohort studies published between Jan 1, 1966, and Jan 1, 2015...
January 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102451/cauda-equina-syndrome-presentation-outcome-and-predictors-with-focus-on-micturition-defecation-and-sexual-dysfunction
#2
N S Korse, J A Pijpers, E van Zwet, H W Elzevier, C L A Vleggeert-Lankamp
BACKGROUND: Even though micturition, defecation, and sexual function are substantially affected in cauda equina syndrome (CES), data on outcome are scarce. METHODS: Medical files of patients operated on lumbar herniated disc were screened for CES and retrospectively analyzed for baseline characteristics, outcome of micturition, defecation, and sexual function and possible predictors. RESULTS: Seventy-five CES patients (52% men) were included with a mean age of 44 years...
January 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096874/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-korea-a-multicenter-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#3
Jung Sun Lee, Jun Soo Kwon, Daeho Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Jae-Jin Kim, Jong-Hoon Kim, Hee Jung Nam, Seunghyong Ryu, Il Ho Park, Suk Kyoon An, Hong-Seok Oh, Seunghee Won, Kanguk Lee, Kyu Young Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee, Yu Sang Lee, Jung-Seo Yi, Kyung Sue Hong, Yeon Ho Joo
OBJECTIVE: We designed a nationwide study with limited exclusion criteria to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korea and its relationship with antipsychotic medications. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional, and observational study included patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Sixteen hospitals enrolled 845 patients aged 18 to 65 years prescribed any antipsychotic medication between August 2011 and August 2013...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093438/risk-for-metabolic-diseases-in-normal-weight-individuals-with-visceral-fat-accumulation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#4
Yukako Tatsumi, Yoko M Nakao, Izuru Masuda, Aya Higashiyama, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Makoto Watanabe, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between visceral fat area (VFA) and metabolic syndrome (Mets) among normal weight Japanese. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The health check-up centre of the Takeda Hospital group in Kyoto, Japan. METHODS: This study involved 1674 men and 1448 women aged 30-74 years who underwent medical check-ups in 2012 in the health check-up centre. They were stratified by Body Mass Index (BMI cut-off for obesity is set at 23...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092926/effect-of-gravity-and-microgravity-on-intracranial-pressure
#5
Justin S Lawley, Lonnie G Petersen, Erin J Howden, Satyam Sarma, William K Cornwell, Rong Zhang, Louis A Whitworth, Michael A Williams, Benjamin D Levine
Astronauts have recently been discovered to have impaired vision, with a presentation that resembles syndromes of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). This syndrome is considered the most mission critical medical problem identified in the past decade of manned spaceflight. We recruited five men and three women who had an Ommaya reservoir inserted for the delivery of prophylactic central nervous system chemotherapy, but were free of their malignant disease for at least 1 year. ICP was assessed by placing a fluid-filled 25 ga butterfly needle into the Ommaya reservoir...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#6
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081322/does-cpap-treatment-affect-the-voice
#7
Güleser Saylam, Mustafa Şahin, Dilek Demiral, Ömer Bayır, Melike Bağnu Yüceege, Emel Çadallı Tatar, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in voice parameters among patients using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with an indication for CPAP treatment without any voice problems and with normal laryngeal findings were included and voice parameters were evaluated before and 1 and 6 months after CPAP. Videolaryngostroboscopic findings, a self-rated scale (Voice Handicap Index-10, VHI-10), perceptual voice quality assessment (GRBAS: grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain), and acoustic parameters were compared...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076836/the-metabolic-syndrome-and-10-year-cognitive-and-functional-decline-in-very-old-men-a-population-based-study
#8
Giovanni Viscogliosi, Chiara Donfrancesco, Luigi Palmieri, Simona Giampaoli
OBJECTIVES: To describe longitudinal relationships of metabolic syndrome (MetS) to cognitive decline and functional disability in a sample of older non-institutionalized men. METHODS: data from 1991 to 2000 of the Italian cohorts of the Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Elderly (FINE) study, were used. Global cognitive function and functional disability, defined as limitations in mobility, basic (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) were screened in 1991 and 2000...
January 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074977/-association-of-c-reactive-protein-levels-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-adults-a-population-based-study
#9
Patricia Bustos, Bernardita Rosas, Pablo Román, Juan Villagrán, Hugo Amigo
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among adults in Chile and represents a health risk. AIM: To determine the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components, with C reactive protein levels (CRP) as an inflammation marker. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The population studied consisted of 736 individuals born in a hospital from Valparaíso Region, aged between 32-38 years at the time of the study. MetS was identified according to the Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III guidelines and inflammation was measured using ultra-sensitive CRP...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074679/vitamin-d-treatment-improves-levels-of-sexual-hormones-metabolic-parameters-and-erectile-function-in-middle-aged-vitamin-d-deficient-men
#10
Onder Canguven, Raidh A Talib, Walid El Ansari, Dany-Jan Yassin, Abdullah Al Naimi
BACKGROUND: The associations between serum vitamin D (VD), serum testosterone (TT) and metabolic syndrome are complex and with limited published research, particularly on the effects of VD treatment on sexual hormones, erectile function and the metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed whether a monthly high dose VD treatment for 12 months in VD deficient middle-aged men was associated with: changes in levels of sexual hormones, improvement of diabetes control and metabolic syndrome components, better erectile function [International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)-5 questionnaire]; and changes in a prostate marker...
January 11, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066009/factors-associated-with-resilience-in-wives-of-individuals-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome
#11
Sreeja Sreekumar, T P Subhalakshmi, P Joseph Varghese
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental health and resilience of family members of individuals with alcohol dependence affect their ability to cope with stress, maintain emotional well-being, and to positively adapt to their difficult life circumstances. This study attempted to study resilience among wives of men with alcohol dependence syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence and their wives attending the Department of Psychiatry, MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery, Kerala, over a 1-year period were recruited...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062178/testicular-shear-wave-elastography-in-normal-and-infertile-men-a-prospective-study-on-601-patients
#12
Laurence Rocher, Aline Criton, Jean-Luc Gennisson, Vincent Izard, Sophie Ferlicot, Mickael Tanter, Gerard Benoit, Marie France Bellin, Jean-Michel Correas
Our aim in the study described here was to prospectively establish the feasibility of using and reproducibility of testicular shear-wave elastography in the assessment of testicular stiffness in 62 normal patients and 539 infertile men with obstructive azoospermia (OA), non-Klinefelter syndrome non-obstructive azoospermia (non-KS NOA), Klinefelter syndrome NOA (KS NOA), oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) or a left varicocele. The feasibility rate was 96.9%, with an intra-class correlation coefficient of 0.85 (95% confidence interval: 0...
January 3, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058714/a-phytotherapic-approach-to-reduce-sperm-dna-fragmentation-in-patients-with-male-infertility
#13
Marco Capece, Giuseppe Romeo, Antonio Ruffo, Leo Romis, Salvatore Mordente, Giovanni Di Lauro
INTRODUCTION: Infertility affects 50 to 80 million (between 8 and 12% of couples). Male factor is a cause of infertility in almost half of the cases, mainly due to oligoasthenoteratozoospermia. DNA fragmentation is now considered an important factor in the aetiology of male infertility. We studied the effects on semen analysis and on DNA fragmentation of in vivo admnistration of Myo-Inositol and Tribulus Terrestris plus Alga Ecklonia plus Biovis (Tradafertil; Tradapharma Sagl, Swizerland) in men with previously diagnosed male infertility...
December 28, 2016: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057195/the-persistent-problem-of-late-hiv-diagnosis-in-people-with-aids-a-population-based-study-in-italy-1999-2013
#14
M Taborelli, S Virdone, L Camoni, V Regine, A Zucchetto, L Frova, E Grande, S Boros, L Dal Maso, P De Paoli, D Serraino, B Suligoi
OBJECTIVES: Despite the wide accessibility to free human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), late HIV diagnosis remains common with severe consequences at individual and population level. This study aimed to describe trends of late HIV testing and to identify their determinants in the late cART era in Italy. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based, nationwide analysis of the Italian National AIDS Registry data (AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome) for the years 1999-2013...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053949/effect-of-testosterone-replacement-therapy-on-cognitive-performance-and-depression-in-men-with-testosterone-deficiency-syndrome
#15
Hyun Jin Jung, Hong Seok Shin
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the effect of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) on cognitive function and depression in men with testosterone deficiency syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a prospective, placebo-controlled trial involving 106 men with total testosterone levels <3.3 ng/mL and symptoms of hypogonadism. Based on whether the patients received TRT (injection with 1,000 mg testosterone undecanoate) or a placebo (advice to modify lifestyle), the study population was divided into a TRT group (n=54) and a control group (n=52)...
December 2016: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052647/the-modulative-effects-of-microcurrent-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-diabetic-mice
#16
Wen-Ching Huang, Wen-Chieh Chang, Yi-Ju Hsu, Chun-Feng Huang, Chi-Chang Huang, Cheng-Yan Kao, Che-Li Lin
Diabetes (one of non-communicable diseases) is serious due to its complications, such like, cardiovascular ailments, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, wound gangrene and sexual impotence. Diabetes and associated chronic conditions are rapidly emerging as major health problems. In clinical, there were different drugs for diabetes treatment on different mechanisms. However, there were limited studies on the efficacy of electric stimulations on diabetes therapeutic application. In current study, we try to evaluate the effect of microcurrent electrical nerve stimulator (MENS) on diabetes modulation as an alternative medicine...
28, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049272/associations-between-depression-and-unhealthy-behaviours-related-to-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Yumi Ohmori, Hiroto Ito, Akemi Morita, Kijo Deura, Motohiko Miyachi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether depression was associated with metabolic syndrome and unhealthy behaviours in community residents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Using the 2009-2010 baseline data of the Saku Cohort Study, 1,225 men and women who participated in a community health screening were included in the cross-sectional analyses. Depression was assessed using the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. Consistent with the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine's definition, we defined metabolic syndrome as abdominal obesity plus two or more of the following: high blood pressure, hyperglycaemia, and dyslipidaemia...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046037/visceral-fat-area-and-serum-adiponectin-level-predict-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-community-based-asymptomatic-population
#18
Sang-A Cho, Hyung Joon Joo, Jae-Young Cho, Seung Hun Lee, Jae Hyoung Park, Soon Jun Hong, Cheol Woong Yu, Do-Sun Lim
BACKGROUND: Although it has been demonstrated that visceral adipose tissue content and serum levels of adiponectin are associated with metabolic syndrome, their predictive potential for the development of metabolic syndrome remains to be elucidated. METHODS: We studied 1,130 participants of the Seoul Metabolic Syndrome cohort. A total of 337 subjects without metabolic syndrome underwent the follow-up evaluation and finally analyzed. Visceral fat area (VFA) was measured using dual bioelectrical impedance analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044184/-outcome-predictors-for-copd-patients-hospitalized-for-acute-exacerbation
#19
M Spielmanns, F Axer, C Nell, A R Koczulla, T Boeselt, F Magnet, J H Storre, W Windisch
BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors for clinical failure of acute exacerbation in patients with COPD (AECOPD) are of special importance in order to choose an adequate therapy and resources during inpatient treatment. Our database was analyzed to identify predictors for a negative outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis medical records of 616 patients (299 women; 317 men) hospitalized for AECOPD between January 2011 and January 2016 were analyzed in order to evaluate demographic and clinical parameters leading to adverse events...
January 2, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043110/obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-prostatic-enlargement-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-korea
#20
Jae Hung Jung, Song Vogue Ahn, Jae Mann Song, Se-Jin Chang, Kwang Jin Kim, Sung Won Kwon, Sang-Yoo Park, Sang-Baek Koh
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate obesity, a risk factor of metabolic syndrome, and its association with prostatic enlargement in a retrospective cohort in Korea. METHODS: Baseline data were obtained from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study on Atherosclerosis Risk of Rural Areas in the Korean General Population (KoGES-ARIRANG). Between March 2015 and November 2015, 2,127 male participants of KoGES-ARIRANG were invited to the Korean Prostate Health Council Screening Program, and 602 participants underwent urological examination, including serum prostate specific antigen measurement and transrectal ultrasonography, and completed the International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire...
December 2016: International Neurourology Journal
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