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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471180/linking-financial-hardship-throughout-the-life-course-with-psychological-distress-in-old-age-sensitive-period-accumulation-of-risks-and-chain-of-risks-hypotheses
#1
Alexander Darin-Mattsson, Ross Andel, Roger Keller Celeste, Ingemar Kåreholt
The primary objective was to investigate the life course hypotheses - sensitive period, chain of risks, and accumulation of risks - in relation to financial hardship and psychological distress in old age. We used two Swedish longitudinal surveys based on nationally representative samples. The first survey includes people 18-75 years old with multiple waves, the second survey is a longitudinal continuation, including people 76 + years old. The analytical sample included 2990 people at baseline. Financial hardship was assessed in childhood (retrospectively), at the mean ages of 54, 61, 70, and 81 years...
February 17, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470591/-differences-in-subjective-health-mental-health-and-health-behavior-among-11-to-17-year-olds-at-secondary-schools-in-germany-results-of-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-children-and-adolescents-first-follow-up-kiggs-wave-1
#2
Julia Waldhauer, Benjamin Kuntz, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: Social inequalities in health can already be found among children and adolescents to the disadvantage of socially deprived population groups. This paper aims to detect, whether differences in subjective health, mental health and health behavior among young people are due to the secondary school type attended and whether these associations exist independently of the family's socioeconomic position (SEP). METHODS: The data basis was the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 1, 2009-2012)...
February 22, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469757/delusions-of-parasitosis-a-brief-review-of-the-literature-and-pathway-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#3
Nicholas Laidler
A large proportion of patients seen in dermatology practices have underlying psychological issues associated with their skin diseases. One of the most flagrant examples of this are patients with delusions of parasitosis. These patients have false fixed beliefs that they are infested by parasites and experience cutaneous sensations of crawling, biting, and stinging associated with their delusions. There is no organic skin disorder and all cutaneous manifestations are self-induced. Rather than a psychiatrist, the dermatologist is often designated by the patient to handle the chief complaint, even though the main disorder is psychogenic...
January 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469587/simulational-fluency-reduces-feelings-of-psychological-distance
#4
Kellen Mrkva, Mark Travers, Leaf Van Boven
Why do some events feel "like yesterday" whereas others feel "ages away"? Past research has identified cues that influence people's estimates of distance in units such as how many miles or days away events are from the self. However, what makes events feel psychologically close or distant? We examine the hypothesis that increased simulational fluency, the ease with which people mentally imagine events, makes events feel psychologically close. Simulational fluency was associated with feelings that multiple past and future holidays were psychologically close (Studies 1a and 1b)...
March 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468925/self-reported-adhd-and-adult-health-in-the-united-states
#5
Scott D Landes, Andrew S London
OBJECTIVE: Informed by a social determinants of health framework, we investigate the relationship between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and adult health, and whether observed associations are attenuated by biomedical and socioeconomic factors. METHOD: Using 2007 National Health Interview Survey data ( N = 19,104), we present multivariate logistic regression analyses of associations between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and five adult health outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468884/borrowing-benefits-group-treatment-with-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques-is-associated-with-simultaneous-reductions-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms
#6
Dawson Church, Dennis House
Clinical Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) is an evidence-based treatment for depression and anxiety. The current study sought to elucidate the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety in a nonclinical population. The sample (N = 81) comprised participants at five 2-day EFT workshops. All groups used an EFT protocol called Borrowing Benefits, in which the group facilitator works with a single client while other participants self-apply EFT. Participants were assessed on 9 specific conditions as well as on the breadth (Positive Symptom Total [PST]) and depth (General Symptom Index [GSI]) of psychological distress...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468569/illness-identity-in-adults-with-a-chronic-illness
#7
Leen Oris, Koen Luyckx, Jessica Rassart, Liesbet Goubert, Eva Goossens, Silke Apers, Seher Arat, Joris Vandenberghe, René Westhovens, Philip Moons
The present study examines the concept of illness identity, the degree to which a chronic illness is integrated into one's identity, in adults with a chronic illness by validating a new self-report questionnaire, the Illness Identity Questionnaire (IIQ). Self-report questionnaires on illness identity, psychological, and physical functioning were assessed in two samples: adults with congenital heart disease (22-78 year old; n = 276) and with multisystem connective tissue disorders (systemic lupus erythematosus or systemic sclerosis; 17-81 year old; n = 241)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467680/defining-a-brief-intervention-for-the-promotion-of-psychological-well-being-among-unemployed-individuals-through-expert-consensus
#8
Osvaldo Santos, Elisa Lopes, Ana Virgolino, Miodraga Stefanovska-Petkovska, Alexandra Dinis, Sara Ambrósio, Maria João Heitor
Background: Epidemiologic evidence highlights the harmful consequences of unemployment on health and well-being. This emphasizes the need to design low-cost interventions to prevent the adverse mental health effects of unemployment. The main aim of this study was to create expert-consensus regarding development and implementation of a brief, sustainable, and effective intervention program for promoting mental health among unemployed. Methods: The Delphi technique entailed a selected panel of 75 experts from various relevant professional backgrounds...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466974/temporary-employment-and-tooth-loss-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-j-shine-study
#9
Yukihiro Sato, Toru Tsuboya, Richard G Watt, Jun Aida, Ken Osaka
BACKGROUND: Temporary employment leads to psychological distress and higher mortality, but data on its associations with oral health is limited. We examined whether having the experience of temporary employment was associated with tooth loss among working adults in Japan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from the 2010-2011 Japanese Study on Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood study that analyzed 2652 participants aged 25-50 years (men = 1394; women = 1258)...
February 21, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466452/self-compassion-moderates-the-perfectionism-and-depression-link-in-both-adolescence-and-adulthood
#10
Madeleine Ferrari, Keong Yap, Nicole Scott, Danielle A Einstein, Joseph Ciarrochi
BACKGROUND: Psychological practitioners often seek to directly change the form or frequency of clients' maladaptive perfectionist thoughts, because such thoughts predict future depression. Indirect strategies, such as self-compassion interventions, that seek to change clients' relationships to difficult thoughts, rather than trying to change the thoughts directly could be just as effective. This study aimed to investigate whether self-compassion moderated, or weakened, the relationship between high perfectionism and high depression symptoms in both adolescence and adulthood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465450/gamification-in-action-theoretical-and-practical-considerations-for-medical-educators
#11
Chrystal Rutledge, Catharine M Walsh, Nathan Swinger, Marc Auerbach, Danny Castro, Maya Dewan, Mona Khattab, Alyssa Rake, Ilana Harwayne-Gidansky, Tia T Raymond, Tensing Maa, Todd P Chang
Gamification involves the application of game design elements to traditionally non-game contexts. It is increasingly being used as an adjunct to traditional teaching strategies in medical education to engage the millennial learner and enhance adult learning. The extant literature has focused on determining whether the implementation of gamification results in better learning outcomes, leading to a dearth of research examining its theoretical underpinnings within the medical education context. The authors define gamification, explore how gamification works within the medical education context using self-determination theory as an explanatory mechanism for enhanced engagement and motivation, and discuss common roadblocks and challenges to implementing gamification...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465354/self-reported-childhood-maltreatment-lifelong-traumatic-events-and-mental-disorders-in-american-and-israeli-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#12
Rona Merdler-Rabinowicz, Ayal Hassidim, Raneen Hellou, Ilan Merdler, Winfried Hauser, Jacob N Ablin
OBJECTIVES: Psychological stress is thought to play a major role in the development and exacerbation of autoimmune diseases in general, as well as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in particular. The aims of the current study are to compare retrospective self-reports of childhood maltreatment and lifetime major life/traumatic experiences of American and Israeli RA patients, using standardised instruments, while adjusting for concomitant mental disorders and psychological distress, in order to rule out their part in the subjective reports, thus addressing the trans-cultural robustness of the association between childhood maltreatment, traumatic experiences and RA...
February 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464336/current-concepts-in-joint-pain-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#13
REVIEW
K Mills, M Hübscher, H O'Leary, N Moloney
Joint pain attributable to osteoarthritis (OA) is complex and influenced by a myriad of factors beyond local joint pathology. Current practice continues to predominantly adopt a biomedical approach to OA despite emerging evidence of the importance of a more holistic approach. This paper will summarise evidence for the presence of multidimensional pain profiles in knee joint pain and the presence of subgroups characterized by systemic features such as psychological distress, high comorbidity load or sensitisation of the nervous system...
February 20, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463936/relationship-between-social-participation-physical-activity-and-psychological-distress-in-apparently-healthy-elderly-people-a-pilot-study
#14
Yutaka Owari, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Hiroaki Kataoka
Few studies examined the relationship between social participation, physical activity and psychological distress in elderly people. Here we examined these relationships in apparently healthy elderly people. After exclusion of subjects who dropped out or did not meet enrollment criteria, the data of 86 subjects (apparently healthy elderly embers at a college health club; 25 males, 61 females) from July 20 to September 10, 2016 were used. We evaluated each subject's psychological distress using the K6 questionnaire, social participation by a self-completed questionnaire, and physical activity level by a triaxial accelerometer (7 consecutive days)...
February 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463488/digital-health-interventions-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-qualitative-study-of-patient-perspectives-on-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support
#15
Kingshuk Pal, Charlotte Dack, Jamie Ross, Susan Michie, Carl May, Fiona Stevenson, Andrew Farmer, Lucy Yardley, Maria Barnard, Elizabeth Murray
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing globally, and health services in many countries are struggling with the morbidity, mortality, and costs associated with the complications of this long-term condition. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) and behavioral support can reduce the risks of developing diabetes-related complications and improve glycemic control. However, their uptake is low. Digital health interventions (DHI) can provide sustained support and may overcome challenges associated with attending diabetes self-management sessions...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463456/traumatic-life-event-exposure-and-psychotic-like-experiences-a-multiple-mediation-model-of-cognitive-based-mechanisms
#16
Lauren E Gibson, Lauren E Reeves, Shanna Cooper, Thomas M Olino, Lauren M Ellman
Several cognitive mechanisms have been proposed to account for the relationship between exposure to traumatic life events (TLEs) and the entire psychosis spectrum. However, only few of these mechanisms have been empirically tested and those that have been tested have not considered multiple mechanisms simultaneously. The purpose of this study was to examine whether perceived stress, dissociation, negative self-schemas, negative other-schemas, and/or external locus of control mediated the association between TLEs and psychotic-like experiences (PLEs)...
February 18, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463221/determinants-of-antenatal-depression-and-postnatal-depression-in-australia
#17
Felix Akpojene Ogbo, John Eastwood, Alexandra Hendry, Bin Jalaludin, Kingsley E Agho, Bryanne Barnett, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: Depression is a leading source of morbidity and health loss in Australian women. This study investigates the determinants of antenatal depressive symptoms and postnatal depressive symptoms in an Australian population, including people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. METHOD: The study used a retrospective cohort of mothers of all live births in public health facilities in 2014 (N = 17,564) within South Western Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Local Health District in New South Wales, Australia...
February 20, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462976/a-theoretical-and-empirical-linkage-between-road-accidents-and-binge-eating-behaviors-in-adolescence
#18
Silvia Cimino, Alessandra Simonelli, Micol Parolin, Giulia Ballarotto, Paola Carbone, Luca Cerniglia
This study aimed at identifying specific clusters of maladaptive emotional-behavioral symptoms in adolescent victims of motorbike collisions considering their scores on alexithymia and impulsivity in addition to examining the prevalence of clinical binge eating behaviors (respectively through the Youth Self-Report (YSR), Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), and Binge Eating Scale (BES)). Emotional-behavioral profiles, difficulties in identifying and describing feelings, impulsivity, and binge eating behaviors have been assessed in 159 adolescents addressing emergency departments following motorbike collisions...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462823/early-psychological-counseling-for-the-prevention-of-posttraumatic-stress-induced-by-acute-coronary-syndrome-the-mi-sprint-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Roland von Känel, Jürgen Barth, Mary Princip, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Jean-Paul Schmid, Hansjörg Znoj, Claudia Herbert, Ulrich Schnyder
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS)-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and clinically significant PTSD symptoms (PTSS) are found in 4 and 12% of patients, respectively. We hypothesized that trauma-focused counseling prevents the incidence of ACS-induced PTSS. METHODS: Within 48 h of hospital admission, 190 patients with high distress during ACS were randomized to a single-session intervention of either trauma-focused counseling or an active control intervention targeting the general role of stress in patients with heart disease...
February 21, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462739/pre-surgery-beliefs-about-pain-and-surgery-as-predictors-of-acute-and-chronic-post-surgical-pain-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Yang Wang, Zejun Liu, Shuanghong Chen, Xiaoxuan Ye, Wenyi Xie, Chunrong Hu, Tony Iezzi, Todd Jackson
BACKGROUND: chronic pain post-surgical pain (CPSP) is common and has far-reaching negative consequences for patients, yet relatively few studies have evaluated the impact of both deficit- and resource-based beliefs about pain and surgery on subjective intensities of acute and chronic post-surgical pain. METHOD: To address this issue, a prospective cohort study was performed. 259 consecutive surgery patients from general surgery, gynecology, and thoracic departments completed a self-report battery of demographics, pain experiences, and psychological factors 24 h before surgery (T1) and provided follow-up pain intensity ratings 48 h-72 h after surgery (T2), and at a 4-month follow-up (T3)...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
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