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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244891/the-effects-of-experimental-temporalis-muscle-pain-on-jaw-muscle-electromyographic-activity-during-jaw-movements-and-relationships-with-some-psychological-variables
#1
Tantry Maulina, Magda Amhamed, Terry Whittle, John Gal, Rahena Akhter, Greg M Murray
AIMS: To determine if the effects of experimental temporalis muscle pain on jaw muscle activity vary with the jaw task performed, jaw displacement magnitude, participant being studied, and with psychological measures. METHODS: Jaw movement was tracked, and electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded from the masseter and anterior temporalis and digastric muscles in 14 asymptomatic participants during standardized opening/closing jaw movement, free chewing, and standardized chewing tasks...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244192/daily-hassles-score-associates-with-the-somatic-and-psychological-health-of-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#2
Orly Sarid, Vered Slonim-Nevo, Ruslan Sergienko, Avihu Pereg, Elena Chernin, Terri Singer, Dan Greenberg, Doron Schwartz, Hillel Vardi, Michael Friger, Shmuel Odes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of daily hassles with the somatic and psychological health of Crohn's disease (CD) patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 400 self-selected adult CD patients was performed with completion of demographic, medical, and psychosocial questionnaires: economic status; Patient Harvey-Bradshaw Index of disease activity; Daily Hassles Scale (DHS); Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) and Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36 Physical and Mental Health) quality of life measures; Brief Symptom Inventory of psychological stress with summary Global Severity Index (GSI); Family Assessment Device; and List of Threatening Life Experiences...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244062/longitudinal-course-and-predictors-of-apathetic-symptoms-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Annabelle Arnould, Lucien Rochat, Philippe Azouvi, Martial Van der Linden
Objectives: Apathy is one of the most common behavioral symptoms encountered after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, very little is known about the longitudinal course and predictors of apathetic manifestations. The aims of the present study were to examine how apathy changes and the predictive value of cognitive factors (memory, attention/executive mechanisms, and multitasking) and personal identity factors (self-esteem and self-efficacy beliefs) for apathy over a period of 10 months...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243298/local-anesthesia-in-pediatric-dermatologic-surgery-evaluation-of-a-patient-centered-approach
#4
May El Hachem, Claudia Carnevale, Andrea Diociaiuti, Cristiana De Ranieri, Simona Giancristoforo, Giovanna Zambruno, Marta L Ciofi Degli Atti
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A few studies have documented the effect of local anesthesia for minor dermatologic surgical procedures on children and their parents. Our objective was to evaluate the psychological effect and global satisfaction of a patient-centered approach to dermatologic surgery under local anesthesia. METHODS: Two self-administered questionnaires were used to evaluate the distress and global satisfaction of 388 children who underwent dermatologic surgery under local anesthesia, accompanied by oral and written therapeutic education measures (structured information and a cartoon brochure illustrating the procedure) addressed to children and parents...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243122/aberrant-baseline-brain-activity-in-psychogenic-erectile-dysfunction-patients-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#5
Chenwang Jin, Min Guan, Minghao Dong, Jia Wu, Zhen He, Xin Chen, Dapeng Shi, Junchan Ren, Guangming Shi, Xiangsheng Zhang
Recent neuroimaging studies have elucidated many interesting and promising findings on sexuality regarding the neural underpinnings of both normal and abnormal sexual processes. Psychogenic erectile dysfunction (pED) consists of a major part of male sexual dysfunction in China, but the understanding of the central mechanism of pED is still in its infancy. It is commonly appreciated that pED is a functional disorder, which can be attributed predominantly or exclusively to psychological factors, such as anxiety, depression, loss of self-esteem, and psychosocial stresses...
December 14, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242176/chinese-cardiovascular-disease-mobile-apps-information-types-information-quality-and-interactive-functions-for-self-management-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Bo Xie, Zhaohui Su, Wenhui Zhang, Run Cai
BACKGROUND: China has a large population with cardiovascular disease (CVD) that requires extensive self-management. Mobile health (mHealth) apps may be a useful tool for CVD self-management. Little is currently known about the types and quality of health information provided in Chinese CVD mobile apps and whether app functions are conducive to promoting CVD self-management. OBJECTIVE: We undertook a systematic review to evaluate the types and quality of health information provided in Chinese CVD mobile apps and interactive app functions for promoting CVD self-management...
December 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241771/alopecia-areata-disease-characteristics-clinical-evaluation-and-new-perspectives-on-pathogenesis
#7
REVIEW
Lauren C Strazzulla, Eddy Hsi Chun Wang, Lorena Avila, Kristen Lo Sicco, Nooshin Brinster, Angela M Christiano, Jerry Shapiro
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, inflammatory, nonscarring type of hair loss. Significant variations in the clinical presentation of AA have been observed, ranging from small, well-circumscribed patches of hair loss to a complete absence of body and scalp hair. Patients affected by AA encompass all age groups, sexes, and ethnicities, and may experience frustration with the unpredictable nature of their disease for which there is currently no definitive treatment. The cause of AA remains incompletely understood, though it is believed to result-at least in part-from a loss of immune privilege in the hair follicle, autoimmune-mediated hair follicle destruction, and the upregulation of inflammatory pathways...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241258/-changes-of-motor-balance-in-the-course-of-an-inpatient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#8
ElisabethJohanna Grub, Georg Wydra, Michael Käfer, Volker Köllner
Aim of the study For many rehabilitants both the motor balance and the feeling of being emotionally stable and in balance are essential preconditions for participation in employment and society. The goal of this study was to capture changes in motor balance in the course of an inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation and to set them in relation to changes in mental variables. Methods 118 patients of a psychosomatic clinic (49.3±8.6 years; 75.4 % women) were examined at the beginning and the end of rehabilitation...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240778/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-perceived-life-expectancy-in-a-national-sample-of-older-men-and-women
#9
Lindsay C Kobayashi, Rebecca J Beeken, Susanne F Meisel
Perceived life expectancy (PLE) is predictive of mortality risk in older adults, but the factors that may contribute to mental conceptions of PLE are unknown. We aimed to describe the sociodemographic, biomedical, behavioral, and psychological predictors of self-reported PLE estimates among older English adults. Data were from 6662 adults aged 50-79 years in the population-based English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (cross-sectional sample from 2012/13). PLE was assessed in the face-to-face study interview ("What are the chances you will live to be age x or more?" where x = current age plus 10-15 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239799/occupational-determinants-of-successful-aging-in-older-physicians
#10
Chanaka Wijeratne, Carmelle Peisah, Joanne Earl, Georgina Luscombe
OBJECTIVES: Demographic, physical and psychological associations of successful aging (SA) have been evaluated, but occupational factors have not. Nor has SA been evaluated in a specific occupational group. The aims of this study were to examine the occupational associations of SA in older physicians, and to explore the concept of occupational SA. METHODS: Physicians aged 55+ years completed self-ratings of occupational and personal SA on a 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS; 1 being "least successful" and 10 "most successful")...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239626/maternal-psychological-control-maternal-borderline-personality-disorder-and-adolescent-borderline-features
#11
Rebecca M Mahan, Stephanie B Kors, Meredith L Simmons, Jenny Macfie
Linehan (1993) theorized that the experience of invalidating parenting interacts with emotional vulnerability in the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Parental psychological control is a type of invalidating parenting, defined as manipulation by parents of their offspring's psychological and emotional expression and experience (Barber, 1996). In a normative sample of adolescent females, adolescent-reported maternal psychological control was related to maternal borderline symptoms (Zalewski et al...
December 14, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238887/cyber-victimization-and-internalizing-difficulties-the-mediating-roles-of-coping-self-efficacy-and-emotion-dysregulation
#12
Nora Trompeter, Kay Bussey, Sally Fitzpatrick
Cyber victimization has consistently been associated with internalizing difficulties in adolescents. However, the underlying psychological mechanisms linking this relationship have not been adequately examined. The present study aimed to investigate the mediational roles of coping self-efficacy and emotion dysregulation in the relationships between cyber victimization with depression and social anxiety. Participants were 459 students (199 girls) from independent middle-class schools in grades 8 (M age  = 13 years 9 months) and 10 (M age  = 15 years 7 months)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238608/study-protocol-for-enhancing-parenting-in-cancer-epic-development-and-evaluation-of-a-brief-psycho-educational-intervention-to-support-parents-with-cancer-who-have-young-children
#13
Lesley Stafford, Michelle Sinclair, Jane Turner, Louise Newman, Claire Wakefield, Mei Krishnasamy, G Bruce Mann, Leslie Gilham, Kylie Mason, Paula Rauch, Julia Cannell, Penelope Schofield
Background: Parents with cancer have high rates of psychological morbidity, and their children are at risk of poor psychosocial outcomes, particularly in the context of parental distress and poor family communication. Parents express concerns about the impact of cancer on their children and report a lack of professional guidance in meeting their children's needs. Few parenting interventions exist and current interventions have extensive infrastructure demands making them unsuitable for routine use in most health settings...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238492/the-prevalence-of-visual-disorders-in-iranian-students-a-meta-analysis-study-and-systematic-review
#14
Kambiz Keshavarz, Parvin Angha, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Kourosh Sayemiri, Masood Yasemi
Background: Visual defects have dramatic effects on health, self-esteem, and educational function of students, and delayed diagnosis will cause complications, like academic failure and psychologic disorders. Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of ocular disorders in Iranian students in a systematic review. Methods: We searched databases, including PubMed, SID, Magiran, Google Scholar, and Iranmedex using the following keywords in Persian and English: disorders, vision, amblyopia, refractive errors, astigmatism, student, and Iran with all the possible combinations, important, chief, and sensitive words...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238491/the-effect-of-training-interventions-on-the-psychological-factors-of-oral-health-in-pregnant-women
#15
Katayon Bakhtiar, Kasra Gharouni, Behnam Gharouni, Fereshteh Zamani Alavijeh, Mohammad Almasian, Maryam Bakhtiar, Fatemeh Bastami
Background and aim: Oral health is crucial for high-risk pregnant women in order to preserve their health and the health of their infants. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the impact of training programs on the behavior of pregnant mothers concerning oral health in Khorramabad, Iran. Methods: This is an educational experimental study carried out in 2015 on 164 pregnant women referring to health centers in the city of Khorramabad who were randomly divided into two groups (each n=82)...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238256/the-influence-of-a-pacesetter-on-psychological-responses-and-pacing-behavior-during-a-1600-m-run
#16
Christopher L Fullerton, Andrew M Lane, Tracey J Devonport
This study compared the effects of following a pacer versus following a self-paced plan on psychological responses and pacing behavior in well-trained distance runners. Pacing in the present study was individually tailored where each participant developed a personal strategy to ensure their goal time was achieved. We expected that following a pacer would associate with goal achievement, higher pre-run confidence, positive emotions and lower perceived exertion during performance. In a mixed-design repeated-measures study, nineteen well-trained runners completed two 1600m running time trials...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238249/influence-of-competitive-anxiety-on-heart-rate-variability-in-swimmers
#17
Leonardo S Fortes, Bruna D V da Costa, Pedro P Paes, José R A do Nascimento Júnior, Lenamar Fiorese, Maria E C Ferreira
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between competitive anxiety and heart rate variability (HRV) in swimming athletes. A total of 66 volunteers (41 male and 27 female) who swam the 400-m freestyle in the Brazilian Swimming Championships participated. Thirty minutes before the 400-m freestyle event, the athletes answered the Competitive Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-2R) questionnaire, then underwent anthropometric (body weight, height, and skinfold thickness) and HRV measurements. Then, at a second meeting, held 3 h after the 400-m freestyle event, the athletes returned to the evaluation room for HRV measurement (Polar® RS800cx, Kempele, Finland)...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237208/-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-disease
#18
Katharina Kuba, Gregor Weißflog
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is an intervention representing a transdiagnostic and contextual approach that assumes that psychological suffering is caused by experiential avoidance. The primary intention of ACT is not to eliminate symptoms and to treat mental disorders. Instead, ACT aims to increase psychological flexibility, i. e. to broaden the repertoire of cognitions and behaviors when facing inner and outer aversive events or experiences. Psychological flexibility can be enhanced by working with the 6 core components of the ACT model...
December 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237047/correlates-of-high-impact-physical-activity-measured-objectively-in-older-british-adults
#19
Ahmed Elhakeem, Kimberly Hannam, Kevin C Deere, April Hartley, Emma M Clark, Charlotte Moss, Mark H Edwards, Elaine Dennison, Tim Gaysin, Diana Kuh, Andrew Wong, Kenneth R Fox, Cyrus Cooper, Rachel Cooper, Jon H Tobias
Background: Exposure to higher magnitude vertical impacts is thought to benefit bone health. The correlates of this high-impact physical activity (PA) in later life are unknown. Methods: Participants were from the Cohort for Skeletal Health in Bristol and Avon, Hertfordshire Cohort Study and MRC National Survey of Health and Development. Associations of demographic, behavioural, physiological and psychological factors with vertical acceleration peaks ≥1.5 g (i...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236920/brazilian-version-of-the-cognitive-failures-questionnaire-cfq-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-evidence-of-validity-and-reliability
#20
Jonas J de Paula, Danielle S Costa, Débora M de Miranda, Marco A Romano-Silva
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive failures are simple mistakes in routine activities, such as forgetting commitments and experiencing difficulty concentrating. The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) was designed to assess the frequency of these errors in everyday life. Although widely used in psychiatry and psychology, both in clinical and research settings, it has not been adapted for use in Brazil. Our objective was to perform cross-cultural adaptation of the CFQ for the Brazilian reality and assess its validity and reliability...
December 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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