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Self psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727690/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-satisfaction-with-healthcare-access-in-new-zealand
#1
Carol Hj Lee, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' satisfaction with their healthcare access and identify various demographic and psychological factors associated with this satisfaction. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included questions on participants' demographic and psychological characteristics, and an item asking for their level of satisfaction with "your access to healthcare when you need it"...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727247/acceptability-of-a-very-low-energy-diet-in-type-2-diabetes-patient-experiences-and-behaviour-regulation
#2
L Rehackova, V Araújo-Soares, A J Adamson, S Steven, R Taylor, F F Sniehotta
AIMS: To evaluate the acceptability of an 8-week very-low-energy diet for remission of Type 2 diabetes, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of adherence and the behavioural strategies used by participants of the Counterbalance study. METHODS: Eighteen of the 30 participants in the Counterbalance study (ISRCTN88634530) took part in semi-structured interviews. Of these, 15 participants were interviewed before and after the 8-week very-low-energy diet intervention...
July 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727224/a-mixed-methods-study-to-explore-the-supportive-care-needs-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
K K F Cheng, H L Cheng, W H Wong, C Koh
BACKGROUND: Needs assessment is the essence of quality cancer survivorship care. The aim of this study was to explore the supportive care needs of breast cancer survivors (BCS) in the first five years post-treatment. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was employed. A quantitative study included a Supportive Care Needs Survey, which was completed by 250 BCS to identify the level of their needs for help. The quantitative data informed semi-structured qualitative interviews undertaken with 60 BCS to explore in details their post-treatment needs and experiences...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726482/-great-powers-and-great-responsibilities-a-brief-comment-on-a-brief-mobile-app-reduces-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-three-randomized-controlled-trials-franklin-et-al-2016
#4
Emma Nielsen, Olivia J Kirtley, Ellen Townsend
Online and mobile mental health applications (apps) herald exciting new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). With such rapid technological advances, it is paramount that health care innovation not be achieved to the detriment of intervention quality. Franklin et al.'s (2016) therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) app is a novel and timely addition to the mobile health landscape; uncommonly for such apps, it is evidence based. There are, however, several crucial challenges to be surmounted for TEC to be successful; arguably, interventions ought to build lasting skills that can be subsequently and consciously recruited to manage distress beyond the intervention period...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726479/motivational-interviewing-and-the-clinical-science-of-carl-rogers
#5
William R Miller, Theresa B Moyers
The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726477/south-asian-ethnicity-socioeconomic-status-and-psychological-mediators-of-faecal-occult-blood-colorectal-screening-participation-a-prospective-test-of-a-process-model
#6
Sheina Orbell, Ala Szczepura, David Weller, Anil Gumber, Martin S Hagger
OBJECTIVE: Although ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) correlate with health inequality, efforts to explain variance in health behavior attributable to these factors are limited by difficulties in population sampling. We used ethnicity identification software to test effects of psychological beliefs about screening as mediators of ethnicity and SES on faecal occult blood colorectal screening behavior in a no-cost health care context. METHOD: Adults aged 50-67 years (N = 1,678), of whom 28% were from minority South Asian religiolinguistic ethnic groups (Hindu-Gujarati/Hindi, Muslim-Urdu and Sikh-Punjabi), participated in a prospective survey study...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726350/what-is-distressing-about-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-the-contribution-of-goal-interference-and-goal-facilitation
#7
Filippo Varese, Warren Mansell, Sara J Tai
OBJECTIVES: Distressing and pleasant/positive voices (auditory verbal hallucinations) are common in both clinical and non-clinical voice-hearers. Identifying factors that contribute to emotional reactions to voices is essential for developing effective psychological interventions. Several theories propose that facilitation and interference with personal goals are important predictors of distress and well-being. This study examined whether voice-related distress is related to the degree to which voices interfere with personal goals, and whether pleasantness of voices is influenced by the extent to which they facilitate goals...
July 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725206/physiological-signal-analysis-for-evaluating-flow-during-playing-of-computer-games-of-varying-difficulty
#8
Yu Tian, Yulong Bian, Piguo Han, Peng Wang, Fengqiang Gao, Yingmin Chen
Flow is the experience of effortless attention, reduced self-consciousness, and a deep sense of control that typically occurs during the optimal performance of challenging tasks. On the basis of the person-artifact-task model, we selected computer games (tasks) with varying levels of difficulty (difficult, medium, and easy) and shyness (personality) as flow precursors to study the physiological activity of users in a flow state. Cardiac and respiratory activity and mean changes in skin conductance (SC) were measured continuously while the participants (n = 40) played the games...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725160/significance-of-quality-of-care-for-quality-of-life-in-persons-with-dementia-at-risk-of-nursing-home-admission-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Christina Bökberg, Gerd Ahlström, Staffan Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Quality of life in persons with dementia is, in large part, dependent on the quality of care they receive. Investigating both subjective and objective aspects of quality of care may reveal areas for improvement regarding their care, which information may ultimately enable persons with dementia to remain living in their own homes while maintaining quality of life. The aim of this study was to 1) describe self-reported quality of life in persons with dementia at risk of nursing home admission...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725088/self-disclosure-and-spiritual-well-being-in-pastors-seeking-professional-psychological-help
#10
Erik D Salwen, Lee A Underwood, Gabriel S Dy-Liacco, Kathleen R Arveson
Pastoral mental health is a topic that has only rarely been researched empirically in the psychological literature, yet a pastor's mental health can have a significant impact on churches, communities, and even nations (Royal and Thompson, Journal of Psychology and Christianity,31(3), 195-204, 2012). One of the thoughts prompting this research is that evangelical pastors might be expected to resist the findings of psychological research and lack understanding of specific mental illnesses they are potentially facing...
2017: Pastoral Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725087/psychosynthesis-a-foundational-bridge-between-psychology-and-spirituality
#11
Catherine Ann Lombard
Pastoral psychologists have long tried to establish a working model that encompasses the seemingly conflicting disciplines of science and religion. Psychosynthesis, a transpersonal psychology and therapeutic approach, offers such a model of the human personality, in which the psychological and spiritual perspectives can converge. This article explores psychosynthesis psychology and therapy as a theoretical framework for pastoral psychology. Although psychosynthesis psychotherapy relies on an array of techniques, it fundamentally works with the clients' will while emphasizing, exploring, and cultivating their relationships on all levels-intrapersonal, interpersonal, and with the Higher Self...
2017: Pastoral Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724842/short-term-effect-of-back-school-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-involving-multidisciplinary-collaboration
#12
Ryo Motoya, Koji Otani, Takuya Nikaido, Yoko Ono, Takatomo Matsumoto, Ryohei Yamagishi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Konno, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Hirooki Yabe
ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive back school program that included elements of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), implement this through multidisciplinary collaboration, and ascertain its effectiveness as a pilot study. DesignThis school was implemented in the form of five 90-minute group sessions held every other week.MethodsParticipants comprised 7 chronic low back pain patients with poor improvement in the usual treatment. Practitioners were orthopaedic surgeon, physical therapist, and a clinical psychologist...
July 20, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721742/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Lotte Berk, Rafke Hotterbeekx, Jim van Os, Martin van Boxtel
OBJECTIVES: In a rapidly aging world population, an increasingly large group faces age-related decline in cognitive functioning. Cognitive complaints of older adults are often related to worries and concerns associated with age-related functional decline. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) can successfully target stress, worry and ruminative thinking, but the applicability of this method in middle-aged and older adults with memory complaints is unclear. METHOD: Patients of a university hospital memory clinic (n = 13), aged 45-85 years, with memory complaints but no diagnosis of cognitive disorder, participated in a standard 8-week MBSR program, consisting of weekly group meetings and a one-day silent retreat...
July 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720749/effects-of-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors-on-the-level-of-hope-and-psychological-health-status-of-patients-with-cervical-cancer-during-radiotherapy
#14
Li-Rong Li, Mei-Guang Lin, Juan Liang, Qiong-Yan Hu, Dan Chen, Meng-Ying Lan, Wu-Qing Liang, Yu-Ting Zeng, Ting Wang, Gui-Fen Fu
BACKGROUND This study aimed to explore the factors affecting the level of hope and psychological health status of patients with cervical cancer (CC) during radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 480 CC patients were recruited. Psychological distress scale, Herth hope index, functional assessment cancer therapy-cervix, and Jolowiec coping scale were used to conduct surveys on psychological distress, level of hope, quality of life (QOL), and coping style to analyze the factors affecting the level of hope and psychological health status of CC patients...
July 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720257/feasibility-of-advanced-practice-nursing-in-lung-cancer-consultations-during-early-treatment-a-phase-ii-study
#15
Andrea Serena, Andrew Dwyer, Solange Peters, Manuela Eicher
PURPOSE: There are limited data on the effectiveness of Advanced Practice Nurses in Lung Cancer (APNLC). Previous studies have demonstrated barriers to investigation including low recruitment and high attrition rates in lung cancer population. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of APNLC consultations and the ability to collect patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) during first-line treatment. The secondary aim was to describe changes in self-efficacy for managing lung cancer-related symptoms, symptom intensity/burden and unmet supportive care needs of APNLC patients during first-line treatment...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720130/psychosocial-and-behavioral-impact-of-breast-cancer-risk-assessed-by-testing-for-common-risk-variants-protocol-of-a-prospective-study
#16
Tatiane Yanes, Bettina Meiser, Mary-Anne Young, Rajneesh Kaur, Gillian Mitchell, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Tony Roscioli, Jane Halliday, Paul James
BACKGROUND: The 'common variant, common disease' model predicts that a significant component of hereditary breast cancer unexplained by pathogenic variants in moderate or high-penetrance genes is due to the cumulative effect of common risk variants in DNA (polygenic risk). Assessing a woman's breast cancer risk by testing for common risk variants can provide useful information for women who would otherwise receive uninformative results by traditional monogenic testing. Despite increasing support for the utility of common risk variants in hereditary breast cancer, research findings have not yet been integrated into clinical practice...
July 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719553/the-effect-of-a-lay-led-group-based-self-management-program-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-danish-version-of-the-chronic-pain-self-management-programme
#17
Mimi Mehlsen, Lea Hegaard, Eva Ørnbøl, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Per Fink, Lisbeth Frostholm
The Stanford Chronic Pain Self-Management Programme (CPSMP) consists of six 2½-hour weekly workshops focusing on how to manage pain in daily life. The workshops are facilitated by two workshop leaders of whom at least one must suffer from a long-term pain condition. The program is highly structured and manualized. Only few controlled trials testing the effect of CPSMP exist.Enrolled in the study were 424 adults from 19 Danish municipalities, (72% women; age: 25-93 years) with pain of any etiology and great variation in pain history (0-50 yrs)...
June 22, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719549/long-term-follow-up-of-neonatal-brachial-plexopathy-psychological-and-physical-function-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#18
Lesley Butler, Janith Mills, Heather M Richard, Russell Riddle, Marybeth Ezaki, Scott Oishi
PURPOSE: The prevalence of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) has been increasing since the early 1980s. No known studies have examined long-term psychological health and quality of life (QOL) in young adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychosocial and intellectual aspects of NBPP during adolescence into young adulthood. METHODS: A total of 31 patients were enrolled in the adolescent group (16 to 18 y) and 25 in the young adult group (23 to 28 y)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718870/-motivational-goals-and-couple-relationship-quality-in-a-sample-of-individuals-with-infertility
#19
Misa Yamanaka-Altenstein, Emanuel Henrich, Nina Heinrichs
3,5-16,6% of couples worldwide with childwish suffer from infertility, and about 20% thereof show clinically relevant psychological symptoms. Until now it remained unclear, up to which extent motivational factors are associated with psychological distress when suffering from infertility. The goal of this study was to assess individual motivational factors in a sample of infertile people, and to explore their effect on psychological distress. Additionally, the role of couple relationship quality as a dyadic predictor was to be examined...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718299/felt-age-desired-and-expected-lifetime-in-the-context-of-health-well-being-and-successful-aging
#20
Neala Ambrosi-Randić, Marina Nekić, Ivana Tucak Junaković
This study examines the interrelations of three different aspects of the subjective age: felt, desired and expected, as well as their relations with the chronological age (CA), health, and psychological well-being variables. Four hundred and twenty-three community-dwelling Croatian adults, aged 60-95 years, participated in the study. All three subjective age measures significantly correlated with the CA. Self-rated health were better predictors of the subjective age compared to the psychological variables. Among psychological variables, successful aging was the only significant predictor of the felt and expected age, while optimism showed to be the only significant predictor of the desired age...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
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