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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319256/cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-who-remains-at-risk-of-poor-social-functioning-over-time
#1
Olga Husson, Bradley J Zebrack, Christine Aguilar, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to examine social functioning among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) within the first 2 years after a cancer diagnosis and compare their scores with population norms and identify trajectories of social functioning over time and its correlates. METHODS: A multicenter, longitudinal study was conducted among 215 AYA patients with cancer aged 14 to 39 years. A total of 141 patients completed a self-report measure of social functioning within the first 4 months of diagnosis and again at 12 months and 24 months later...
March 20, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318448/psychological-resilience-aspects-that-mediate-the-depressive-effects-of-urinary-incontinence-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-10%C3%A2-years-after-treatment-with-radiation-and-hormone-ablation
#2
Christopher F Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, David R H Christie, Rosemary Bradford, Allison Steigler, James W Denham
Repeated surveys of prostate cancer (PCa) patients indicate that their prevalence of depression is well above that for their non-PCa peers. Although standard first-line treatments for depression are only about 35% effective, some recent comments have suggested that a focus upon the possible correlates (factors that aggravate or mediate depression) might help improve treatment efficacy. To investigate this issue, 144 10-year PCa survivors were asked about the frequency of urinary incontinence, a common side effect of some PCa treatments...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317521/quality-of-life-burden-of-disease-co-morbidities-and-systemic-effects-in-vitiligo%C3%A2-patients
#3
REVIEW
Nada Elbuluk, Khaled Ezzedine
Vitiligo is a complex, systemic disease associated with many autoimmune and autoinflammatory conditions. Additionally, the cutaneous changes of vitiligo have significant effects on quality of life and self-esteem. Further efforts are needed to increase our understanding of vitiligo comorbidities as well as to increase awareness of the psychological effects of vitiligo.
April 2017: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316367/is-friendship-network-weight-status-associated-with-one-s-own-psychological-well-being-it-depends-on-one-s-own-weight-status
#4
Paul T Fuglestad, Melanie M Wall, Jin Joo Shim, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Drawing on multiple theoretical perspectives (e.g., social comparison theory, reward theory, evolutionary theory), the present research examined the relations of self and friendship network weight status to body satisfaction, self-esteem, and depression. A diverse, population-based sample of adolescents completed measures of well-being and were measured for height and weight. Boys had greater self-esteem if their male friendship networks' weight status mismatched, versus matched, their own weight status (d = ...
May 2016: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315608/brief-report-neighborhood-disadvantage-and-hair-cortisol-among-older-urban-african-americans
#5
Samuele Zilioli, Richard B Slatcher, Heather Fritz, Jason C Booza, Malcolm P Cutchin
Previous studies have shown that living in poor neighborhoods is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, researchers are now investigating the biological pathways responsible for the deleterious effects of neighborhood disadvantage on health. This study investigated whether neighborhood disadvantage (i.e., a measure of relative neighborhood quality derived by combining social and built environmental conditions) was associated with hair cortisol-a retrospective indicator of long-term hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis activation-and whether this link would be mediated by self-reported neighborhood satisfaction...
March 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314908/anatomy-and-aesthetics-of-the-labia-minora-the-ideal-vulva
#6
REVIEW
C Clerico, A Larry, A Mojallal, F Boucher
Female genital cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more widespread both in the field of plastic and gynaecological surgery. The increased demand for vulvar surgery is spurred by the belief that the vulva is abnormal in appearance. What is normal in terms of labial anatomy? Labia minora enlargement or hypertrophy remains a clinical diagnosis which is poorly defined as it could be considered a variation of the normal anatomy. Enlarged labia minora can cause functional, aesthetic and psychosocial problems. In reality, given the wide variety of vulvar morphology among people, it is a very subjective issue to define the "normal" vulva...
March 10, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314549/do-changes-in-illness-perceptions-physical-activity-and-behavioural-regulation-influence-fatigue-severity-and-health-related-outcomes-in-cfs-patients
#7
V De Gucht, F K Garcia, M den Engelsman, S Maes
OBJECTIVE: Examine to what extent changes in cognitions and changes in physical activity and behavioural regulation patterns influence fatigue severity, physical symptoms, and physical and psychological functioning of patients suffering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) at follow-up. METHODS: The present study is an observational longitudinal study with a 12-month follow-up. A total of 144 CFS patients participated both at baseline and at follow-up. Four separate hierarchical regression analyses were conducted with fatigue, physical symptoms, physical functioning and psychological functioning at follow-up as the dependent variables, and (changes in) illness perceptions and behavioural regulation patterns (all-or-nothing and limiting behaviour) as the independent variables...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314453/proximal-influences-on-the-trajectory-of-suicidal-behaviors-and-suicide-during-the-transition-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#8
REVIEW
Aradhana Bela Sood, Julie Linker
Youth transitioning to adulthood have unique developmental tasks that make them vulnerable to suicide. Brain development, life stressors, and psychological adjustments during the transition contribute to a high rate of suicidal gestures. To reduce the incidence of self-harm in this age group, a public health approach that identifies and reduces risk factors and enhances protective factors should be used. Institutions and employment arenas should consider structural supports to facilitate this transition of youth into adulthood, with a particular focus on youth with self-harm thoughts, and should provide education about suicide, evidence-based resources, and intervention programs to encourage help seeking...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314138/depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-individuals-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Shruti Chaturvedi, Marianne Clancy, Nicole Schaefer, Olalekan Oluwole, Keith R McCrae
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is characterized by frequent severe bleeding, particularly epistaxis, and life-threatening complications including stroke, brain abscess and heart failure. The psychological impact of HHT is not known. We conducted this cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to HHT. METHODS: A survey tool comprising demographic and clinical information and two validated self-administered questionnaires, the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), was distributed to individuals with HHT...
March 9, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314086/risk-perception-and-disaster-preparedness-in-immigrants-and-canadian-born-adults-analysis-of-a-national-survey-on-similarities-and-differences
#10
An Gie Yong, Louise Lemyre, Celine Pinsent, Daniel Krewski
Research has documented that immigrants tend to experience more negative consequences from natural disasters compared to native-born individuals, although research on how immigrants perceive and respond to natural disaster risks is sparse. We investigated how risk perception and disaster preparedness for natural disasters in immigrants compared to Canadian-born individuals as justifications for culturally-adapted risk communication and management. To this end, we analyzed the ratings on natural disaster risk perception beliefs and preparedness behaviors from a nationally representative survey (N = 1,089)...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303734/how-badly-did-it-hit-self-assessed-emotional-shock-upon-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-and-psychological-well-being-a-follow-up-at-3-12-and-24-months-after-surgery
#11
Karin Stinesen Kollberg, Ulrica Wilderäng, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Jonas Hugosson, Peter Wiklund, Anders Bjartell, Stefan Carlsson, Johan Stranne, Eva Haglind, Gunnar Steineck
BACKGROUND: We were interested in examining if there was a link between self-assessed emotional shock by prostate cancer diagnosis and psychological well-being at 3, 12, and 24 months after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information was derived from patients participating in the LAPAroscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial, Sweden. We analyzed the association between self-assessed emotional shock upon diagnosis and psychological well-being by calculating odds ratios (ORs)...
March 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303111/episodic-future-thinking-about-the-ideal-self-induces-lower-discounting-leading-to-a-decreased-tendency-toward-cheating
#12
Wen-Hsiung Wu, Wen Cheng, Wen-Bin Chiou
Delay discounting refers to a pervasive tendency toward preferring smaller immediate gains over larger future gains. Recent empirical research has shown that episodic future thinking (EFT; i.e., projecting oneself into the future to pre-experience forthcoming events) can reduce the tendency toward discounting. A common tenet of psychological theories of crime is that delinquency results from focusing on short-term gains while failing to consider adequately the longer-term consequences of delinquent behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302377/stair-negotiation-as-a-rehabilitation-intervention-for-enhancing-recovery-following-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery
#13
REVIEW
James P Gavin, Tikki Immins, Thomas Wainwright
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) are common orthopaedic procedures. However, an optimal programme for post-operative rehabilitation has yet to be established. Stair negotiation is a challenging, habitual task, regularly used as a post-operative functional outcome measure; yet as a physical rehabilitation intervention it appears to be rarely used. AIM: The review purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of stair climbing as a rehabilitation intervention for THR and TKR patients...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302366/the-cf-cares-primary-palliative-care-model-a-cf-specific-structured-assessment-of-symptoms-distress-and-coping
#14
Deborah Friedman, Rachel W Linnemann, Lily L Altstein, Suhayla Islam, Kieu-Tram Bach, Chelsea Lamb, John Volpe, Caitlin Doolittle, Anita St John, Patricia J O'Malley, Gregory S Sawicki, Anna M Georgiopoulos, Lael M Yonker, Samuel M Moskowitz
BACKGROUND: Current palliative care tools do not address distressing chronic symptoms that are most relevant to cystic fibrosis. METHODS: A CF-specific structured assessment based on a primary palliative care framework was administered to 41 adolescents and adults with CF. Descriptive and correlational analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Patients reported numerous physical and psychological symptoms (mean of 10 per patient), with psychological symptoms rated as more distressing...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302188/positive-disintegration-as-a-process-of-symmetry-breaking
#15
Krystyna Laycraft
This article presents an analysis of the positive disintegration as a process of symmetry breaking. Symmetry breaking plays a major role in self-organized patterns formation and correlates directly to increasing complexity and function specialization. According to Dabrowski, a creator of the Theory of Positive Disintegration, the change from lower to higher levels of human development requires a major restructuring of an individual's psychological makeup. Each level of human development is a relatively stable and coherent configuration of emotional-cognitive patterns called developmental dynamisms...
April 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302187/dynamical-systems-theory-in-quantitative-psychology-and-cognitive-science-a-fair-discrimination-between-deterministic-and-statistical-counterparts-is-required
#16
Adam Gadomski, Marcel Ausloos, Tahlia Casey
This article addresses a set of observations framed in both deterministic as well as statistical formal guidelines. It operates within the framework of nonlinear dynamical systems theory (NDS). It is argued that statistical approaches can manifest themselves ambiguously, creating practical discrepancies in psychological and cognitive data analyses both quantitatively and qualitatively. This is sometimes termed in literature as 'questionable research practices.' This communication points to the demand for a deeper awareness of the data 'initial conditions, allowing to focus on pertinent evolution constraints in such systems...
April 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301977/cognitive-complaints-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-are-they-due-to-depression-or-to-objective-cognitive-dysfunction
#17
Olga Gelonch, Maite Garolera, Joan Valls, Lluís Rosselló, Josep Pifarré
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive complaints are common in fibromyalgia, but it is unclear whether they represent an objective cognitive dysfunction or whether they could be explained by depressive symptoms. Here, we aim to elucidate the frequency of subjective cognitive complaints in a sample of women with fibromyalgia, in addition to analyzing associations between these subjective complaints and objective measures linked to the attention and executive cognitive domains. Finally, we aim to investigate the ability of demographic, clinical, and psychological variables to explain the subjective complaints observed...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301765/controversies-in-narcissism
#18
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, W Keith Campbell
There has been a surge in interest in and research on narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). Despite or because of this increased attention, there are several areas of substantial debate that surround the construct, including descriptions of grandiose and vulnerable dimensions or variants, questions regarding the existence of a consensual description, central versus peripheral features of narcissism, distinctions between normal and pathological narcissism, possible etiological factors, the role of self-esteem narcissism, where narcissism should be studied, how it can be assessed, and its representation in diagnostic nosologies...
March 15, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301194/risk-sophistication-treatment-inventory-self-report-rsti-sr-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-exploration-of-factor-relations
#19
Xinying Ang, Randall T Salekin, Martin Sellbom, C Adam Coffey
The RSTI-SR was recently designed to facilitate juvenile evaluations by tapping 3 pertinent juvenile psycho-legal variables including risk, developmental maturity, and treatment amenability. The present study examined the factor structure and construct validity of the RSTI-SR with 190 adolescent offenders (Mage = 15.6) who completed the RSTI-SR and a short battery of theoretically relevant psychological measures. The findings from the current study demonstrated that the proposed 3-factor model for the RSTI produced good fit to the data...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300479/knowing-and-not-knowing-a-frequent-human-arrangement
#20
Sylvia Solinski
The paradigmatic system of societal abuse occurs in totalitarian state systems. The relational systems of subjugation that maintain such states of terror must, of necessity, destroy any authentic civic space in which individuals can flourish. Similar dynamics characterize child abuse within families. Survival requires the use of varied strategies, the most extreme of which are dissociative in nature, and that result in marked distortions of developmental trajectories across all psychological domains. Such dynamics are mirrored in dissociative systems that, in the absence of intervention, perpetuate the trauma of non-recognition by subjugation and self-objectification, or by omnipotent denial of others' subjectivity...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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