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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684660/who-cares-for-the-schizophrenia-individuals-in-rural-china-a-profile-of-primary-family-caregivers
#1
Yu Yu, Bing-Wei Tang, Zi-Wei Liu, Yu-Mei Chen, Xing-Yu Zhang, Shuiyuan Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to provide a comprehensive profile of the primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals in rural China. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 327 primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. The social demographic and psychological profiles of primary caregivers were measured using standard scales and self-designed scales...
April 11, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684063/do-self-reported-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-effect-endothelial-function-in-healthy-youth-the-look-longitudinal-study
#2
Lisa S Olive, Walter P Abhayaratna, Don Byrne, Alice Richardson, Richard D Telford
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endothelial dysfunction is thought to be an early indicator of risk for cardiovascular disease and has been associated with both stress and depression in adults and adolescents. Less is known of these relationships in younger populations, where the origins of CVD is thought to manifest. This study examined the effects of questionnaire derived psychosocial stress and depressive symptoms on endothelial function among children, following them through to adolescence. METHOD: Participants were 203 grade 2 children (111 girls; M age = 7...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683772/adolescents-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-interpersonal-relationships-and-eating-disorder-symptom-severity-the-mediating-role-of-low-self-esteem-and-negative-mood
#3
Jade Pelletier Brochu, Dominique Meilleur, Giuseppina DiMeglio, Danielle Taddeo, Eric Lavoie, Julius Erdstein, Robert Pauzé, Caroline Pesant, Isabelle Thibault, Jean-Yves Frappier
Few studies have examined how the perceived quality of multiple interpersonal relationships is related to eating disorder (ED) symptom severity in adolescents and how psychological variables might influence these associations. The aim of this study is to determine whether the perceived level of trust, communication, and alienation in the relationship with one's mother, father, and peers are predictive of ED severity in adolescent females and to test the mediating effects of low self-esteem and negative mood on these associations...
April 23, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683077/workplace-psychological-aggression-job-stress-and-vigor-a-test-of-longitudinal-effects
#4
Omer Farooq Malik, Aaron C H Schat, Asif Shahzad, Muhammad Mustafa Raziq, Rafia Faiz
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationships between supervisor- and customer-initiated psychological aggression and vigor across time, and to determine the mediating role of job stress in these relationships. We also investigated the potential for differential impacts of supervisor and customer aggression on our outcome variables. A two-wave longitudinal study was conducted with a time lag of 6 months. The study sample consisted of 215 branch office employees of five large commercial banks situated in Islamabad, Pakistan...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682345/the-effect-of-interpersonal-counseling-for-subthreshold-depression-in-undergraduates-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ami Yamamoto, Emi Tsujimoto, Reiko Taketani, Noa Tsujii, Osamu Shirakawa, Hisae Ono
Background: Subthreshold depression and poor stress coping strategies are major public health problems among undergraduates. Interpersonal counseling (IPC) is a brief structured psychological intervention originally designed for use in primary care to treat depressive patients whose symptoms arose from current life stress. Objectives: This study examined the efficacy of IPC in treating subthreshold depression and coping strategies among undergraduates in school counseling...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682236/the-participation-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-emss-in-the-perception-of-pain-in-patients-with-migraine-a-psychological-profile
#6
Ketlin Helenise Dos Santos Ribas, Valdenilson Ribeiro Ribas, Silano Souto Mendes Barros, Valéria Ribeiro Ribas, Maria da Glória Nogueira Filizola, Renata de Melo Guerra Ribas, Paulo César da Silva, Carlos Augusto Cardoso Kucera, Hugo André de Lima Martins
Young's early maladaptive schemas questionnaire (YSQ-S3) is used to understand psychological aspects. Objective: EMSs were evaluated in patients with migraine. Methods: Sixty-five subjects were evaluated using the YSQ-S3 under standard conditions in a room with air conditioning at 22 ± 2°C. The subjects were stratified by morbidity (migraine), gender (male/female) and age (18-29 / 30-39 / 40-55). Controls (without migraine), n = 27 and patients (with migraine), n = 38, men (n = 19) and women (n = 46); participants aged 18-29 years, n = 34, aged 30-39 years, n = 14 and aged 40-55 years, n = 17...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681875/lonely-individuals-do-not-show-interpersonal-self-positivity-bias-evidence-from-n400
#7
Min Zhu, Changzheng Zhu, Xiangping Gao, Junlong Luo
Self-positivity bias is one of the well-studied psychological phenomena, however, little is known about the bias in the specific dimension on social interaction, which we called herein interpersonal self-positivity bias-people tend to evaluate themselves more positively on social interactions, prefer to be included rather than to be excluded by others. In the present study, we used a modified self-reference task associated with N400 to verify such bias and explore whether impoverished social interaction (loneliness) could modulate it...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681793/autonomic-and-brain-morphological-predictors-of-stress-resilience
#8
REVIEW
Luca Carnevali, Julian Koenig, Andrea Sgoifo, Cristina Ottaviani
Stressful life events are an important cause of psychopathology. Humans exposed to aversive or stressful experiences show considerable inter-individual heterogeneity in their responses. However, the majority does not develop stress-related psychiatric disorders. The dynamic processes encompassing positive and functional adaptation in the face of significant adversity have been broadly defined as resilience . Traditionally, the assessment of resilience has been confined to self-report measures, both within the general community and putative high-risk populations...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681185/cognitively-based-compassion-training-cbct-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-clinical-trial-study
#9
Edgar Gonzalez-Hernandez, Rocio Romero, Daniel Campos, Diana Burichka, Rebeca Diego-Pedro, Rosa Baños, Lobsang Tenzin Negi, Ausiàs Cebolla
CONTEXT: Breast cancer (BC) requires a significant psychological adaptation once treatment is finished. There is growing evidence of how compassion training enhances psychological and physical well-being, however, there are very few studies analyzing the efficacy of compassion-based Interventions on BC survivors. OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of the Cognitively-Based Compassion Training (CBCT) protocol in a BC survivor sample on quality of life, psychological well-being, fear of cancer recurrence, self-compassion, and compassion domains and mindfulness facets...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680807/fiction-reading-for-good-or-ill-eating-disorders-interpretation-and-the-case-for-creative-bibliotherapy-research
#10
Emily T Troscianko
Compared with self-help bibliotherapy, little is known about the efficacy of creative bibliotherapy or the mechanisms of its possible efficacy for eating disorders or any other mental health condition. It is clear, however, that fiction is widely used informally as a therapeutic or antitherapeutic tool and that it has considerable potential in both directions, with a possibly significant distinction between the effects of reading fiction about eating disorders (which may-contrary to theoretical predictions-be broadly negative in effect) or one's preferred genre of other fiction (which may be broadly positive)...
April 21, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680578/the-effects-of-psychological-distress-and-its-interaction-with-socioeconomic-position-on-risk-of-developing-four-chronic-diseases
#11
Kyle J J McLachlan, Catharine R Gale
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between psychological distress and risk of developing arthritis, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes across the range of distress severity, investigate the mediating roles of health behaviours and explore whether the associations vary with socioeconomic position. METHODS: Participants were 16,485 adults from the UK Household Longitudinal Study We examined prospective relationships between psychological distress at baseline (measured using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire) and incidence of arthritis, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes (measured using self-report) over 3 years using logistic regression...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680485/-seclusion-and-mechanical-restraints-in-psychiatric-care-prescriptions-procedures-pharmacological-management-and-monitoring
#12
Chloé Tezenas du Montcel, Célia Kowal, Audrey Leherle, Soraya Kabbaj, Ariel Frajerman, Emmanuel Le Guen, Nora Hamdani, Franck Schürhoff, Marion Leboyer, Antoine Pelissolo, Baptiste Pignon
We will briefly summarize the French recommendations concerning the use of seclusion and mechanical restraint. Acute agitation and aggression or self-injurious activity during psychotic and manic episodes are the main indication of prescription of the coercive measures. Their prescriptions respect specific modalities that will be explained. Although they proved to be efficient, seclusion and restrain need to stay a last resort option, considering the risk of physical complications and psychological consequences...
April 18, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679897/the-role-of-eveningness-in-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-cross-sectional-and-prospective-approaches
#13
Rebecca C Cox, Breanna Tuck, Bunmi O Olatunji
BACKGROUND: Eveningness may be defined as the tendency to be most active and alert during the evening. Previous research has linked eveningness with maladaptive psychological outcomes, and recent evidence has highlighted circadian dysregulation as a novel factor in psychopathology, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, limited research has examined the unique relationship between eveningness and OC symptoms. Two studies were conducted to thoroughly examine the links between eveningness and OC symptoms, while also considering the role of depression symptoms and sleep-related factors...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679604/outdoor-play-and-nature-connectedness-as-potential-correlates-of-internalized-mental-health-symptoms-among-canadian-adolescents
#14
Caroline Piccininni, Valerie Michaelson, Ian Janssen, William Pickett
Exposures to outdoor environments have great potential to be protective factors for the mental health of young people. In a national analysis of Canadian adolescents, we explored how such exposures, as well as self-perceptions of connectedness with nature, each related to the prevalence of recurrent psychosomatic symptoms. The data source for this cross-sectional study, consisting of a weighted sample of 29,784 students aged 11-15 years from 377 schools, was the 2013/2014 cycle of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
April 18, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678982/purpose-in-life-and-tobacco-use-among-community-dwelling-mothers-of-early-adolescents
#15
Yuko Morimoto, Syudo Yamasaki, Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinya Fujikawa, Sho Kanata, Kaori Endo, Miharu Nakanishi, Stephani L Hatch, Marcus Richards, Kiyoto Kasai, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVES: The rising prevalence of tobacco use and tobacco-attributable deaths among women is of worldwide concern. In particular, smoking prevention for mothers in early midlife is a significant international public health goal. A higher sense of purpose in life (PIL) is thought to reduce detrimental health behaviours. However, little is known about the association between a sense of PIL and tobacco use. This study investigates this association among community-dwelling mothers of early adolescents...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678427/the-psychological-impact-of-adult-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#16
Zoe A Landers, Rishabh Jethanandani, Steve K Lee, Carol A Mancuso, Mavis Seehaus, Scott W Wolfe
PURPOSE: There is a high incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide risk, and psychological distress after orthopedic trauma and hand and upper-extremity injury. Although patients with traumatic adult brachial plexus injury are particularly vulnerable to psychologic distress, minimal clinical data exist about this cohort of patients. In this study, we sought to discover the prevalence of depression, PTSD, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse. METHODS: Between February, 2013 and July, 2014, during scheduled preoperative and/or postoperative appointments, the social worker at a metropolitan brachial plexus center conducted psychosocial assessments and questionnaire assessments of 21 patients evaluating for PTSD, depression, and substance use using 3 validated scales: PTSD Checklist-Specific, Patient Health Questionnaire-8, and National Institute on Drug Abuse Quick Screen...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677619/associations-of-early-childhood-adversities-with-mental-disorders-psychological-functioning-and-suitability-for-psychotherapy-in-adulthood
#17
Erkki Heinonen, Paul Knekt, Tommi Härkänen, Esa Virtala, Olavi Lindfors
Childhood adversities frequently precede adulthood depression and anxiety. Yet, how they impact needed treatment duration, type or focus in these common disorders, is unclear. For developing more individualized and precise interventions, we investigated whether specific early adversities associate with patients' distinct psychiatric problems, psychological vulnerabilities, and suitability for psychotherapy. A total of 221 depressed and anxious adult outpatients (excluding psychotic, severe personality, bipolar, and substance abuse disorders) referred from community, student, occupational, and private healthcare services filled the Childhood Family Atmosphere Questionnaire (CFAQ)...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676345/bilateral-subcapsular-orchiectomy-versus-bilateral-total-orchiectomy-comparison-of-the-quality-of-life-post-orchiectomy
#18
Dubem Ejikeme Orakwe, Kehinde Habeeb Tijani, Emmauel Ajibola Jeje, Moses Adebisi Ogunjimi, Wale Ojewola Rufus, Taiwo Opeyemi Alabi
Objective: Bilateral subcapsular orchiectomy (BSO) is said to be more aesthetic and psychologically satisfying when compared to bilateral total orchiectomy (BTO). This study compared the quality of life (QoL) of men with advanced prostate cancer who had BTO to those who had BSO, with an emphasis on their perception of self or identity as a man. Subjects and Methods: Sixty-one patients with advanced prostate cancer opting for bilateral orchiectomy were recruited...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675908/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-iciq-padprom-a-quality-of-life-questionnaire-to-assess-the-treatment-effect-of-absorbent-continence-products
#19
Charlotte Yearwood Martin, Catherine Murphy, Nikki Cotterill, Sarah Williams, Alan Cottenden, Mandy Fader
AIM: To describe the development and evaluation of the ICIQ-PadPROM, the first self-reported quality of life questionnaire to assess the treatment effect of absorbent continence products, a new addition to the set of ICIQ modules providing international standardized assessment of lower pelvic dysfunction. METHODS: Developed in four phases, question items semi-structured interviews were conducted with pad using men (n = 19), women (n = 6), with secondary analysis undertaken on transcripts (n = 15 women) from a previous study...
April 20, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674287/self-perceived-gait-stability-modulates-the-effect-of-daily-life-gait-quality-on-prospective-falls-in-older-adults
#20
R H A Weijer, M J M Hoozemans, J H van Dieën, M Pijnappels
BACKGROUND: Quality of gait during daily life activities and perceived gait stability are both independent risk factors for future falls in older adults. RESEARCH QUESTION: We investigated whether perceived gait stability modulates the association between gait quality and falling in older adults. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we used one-week daily-life trunk acceleration data of 272 adults over 65 years of age. Sample entropy (SE) of the 3D acceleration signals was calculated to quantify daily life gait quality...
April 4, 2018: Gait & Posture
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