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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029370/elder-neglect-oral-diseases-and-injuries
#1
Stefano Petti
Elder Neglect (EN) is the failure of a designated caregiver to meet the needs of a dependent older person. World EN prevalence, meta-analyzed in this study, is 1.0% or 1.8% according to different statistical methods. Referring alleged EN cases to Adult Protective Services (APSs) by healthcare workers (HCWs) is mandatory in many countries. However, only few claims are substantiated, as EN could be confused with Self-Neglect, neglect could be unintentional or due to caregiver unawareness. Screening tools are inaccurate and their use is discouraged by public health organizations, because they lead to too many false positives, which engulf the already overwhelmed APSs...
October 13, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028692/the-relationship-of-anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices
#2
Jesus M Casida, Martha Abshire, Bidisha Ghosh, James Y Yang
Psychological distress, including anxiety and depression, is commonly reported by patients with implantable left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). Still, the influence of anxiety and depression on global quality of life (QOL) is unknown. Moreover, the empirical data of LVAD patients' QOL is limited to 24 months. This study examined the differences in anxiety, depression, and QOL based on 3 LVAD implant duration groups (≤12, 13-24, and ≥25 months). We also examined the influence of anxiety and depression on QOL...
October 7, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028591/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-parents-and-adolescents-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake-a-longitudinal-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#3
Xuliang Shi, Ya Zhou, Fulei Geng, Yuanyuan Li, Jieying Zhou, Binbin Lei, Siyi Chen, Xiaoyan Chen, Fang Fan
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined the association between parents' and children's posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) after a variety of traumatic events. However, longitudinal parent-child dyadic studies are scarce. METHODS: Independent self-reports were collected from parent-adolescent dyads (n = 688) after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Adolescents (Mean = 15.22 years; 61.63% female) and one of their parents (Mean = 41.04 years; 58.14% female) each reported on their PTSS at 12 (T12m) and 18 months (T18m) following the earthquake...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028562/common-and-differential-factors-associated-with-abstinence-and-poly-drug-use-among-australian-adolescents
#4
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, David Lawrence, Wavne Rikkers
BACKGROUND: Social norms relating to youth substance use are changing. In Australia, alcohol use among adolescents has fallen dramatically and tobacco and cannabis use have also reduced, albeit more moderately. The aim of the present study was to identify (i) factors associated with compliance with recommendations for zero intake of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis and (ii) factors associated with poly drug use (intake of all three substances). METHODS: As part of the Young Minds Matter Study, a self-report survey was administered to 1661 Australian adolescents aged 15-17 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028442/the-use-of-mobile-applications-among-adults-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-second-miles-australia-miles-2-study
#5
Steven Trawley, Shaira Baptista, Jessica L Browne, Frans Pouwer, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: While the number of diabetes-specific mobile applications (apps) continues to grow, there is a lack of knowledge about their actual use. METHODS: The second MILES (Management and Impact for Long-term Empowerment and Success)-Australia study was a national cross-sectional survey of the psychological, behavioral, and social aspects of diabetes for adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Associations between diabetes-specific app usage and demographic, clinical, and psychosocial variables were examined...
October 13, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#6
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027005/utility-of-the-revised-edmonton-symptom-assessment-system-esas-r-and-the-patient-reported-functional-status-prfs-in-lung-cancer-patients
#7
M N Yogananda, Valliappan Muthu, Kuruswamy Thurai Prasad, Adarsh Kohli, Digambar Behera, Navneet Singh
BACKGROUND: Symptom palliation is an important objective of treatment in advanced/metastatic lung cancer (LC). Significant psychological, minor physical symptoms and several social/emotional issues often go unnoticed. This prospective study aimed to evaluate utility of patients' perspectives [self-reported symptom assessment by revised Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS-r) and self-reported functional status by Patient-Reported Functional Status (PRFS)] amongst LC patients undergoing chemotherapy...
October 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026438/mental-health-assessments-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-evaluation-of-a-tablet-assisted-screening-software
#8
Naser Morina, Simon M Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers often prevent timely access to appropriate health care, leading to chronic trajectories and abortive social integration. Tools for multilingual screening and assessment could be of great benefit for this particularly vulnerable population as well as for policy makers...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025824/development-of-an-evidence-based-complex-intervention-for-community-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-using-realist-review-survey-and-focus-groups
#9
Jessica Louise Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Michelle Williams, Claire A Hawkes, Joanna M Charles, Zoe Hoare, Val Morrison, Swapna Alexander, Andrew Lemmey, Catherine Sackley, Phillipa Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn H Williams
OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence and theory-based complex intervention for improving outcomes in elderly patients following hip fracture. DESIGN: Complex-intervention development (Medical Research Council (MRC) framework phase I) using realist literature review, surveys and focus groups of patients and rehabilitation teams. SETTING: North Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Surveys of therapy managers (n=13), community and hospital-based physiotherapists (n=129) and occupational therapists (n=68) throughout the UK...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025509/clinic-appointment-attendance-in-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-and-diabetes
#10
Douglas D Gunzler, Nathan Morris, Jarrod E Dalton, Richard McCormick, Neal V Dawson, Charles Thomas, Stephanie Kanuch, Kristin A Cassidy, Melanie Athey, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Mary Ellen Lawless, Siobhan Martin, Douglas Einstadter, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVES: We assessed characteristics that may predict outpatient appointment attendance in outpatient medical clinics among patients comorbid for serious mental illness (SMI) and type 2 diabetes (DM). METHODS: Baseline covariate data from 200 individuals with SMI-DM enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) were used to examine characteristics associated with electronic health record-identified clinic appointment attendance using a generalized estimating equations approach...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025136/predictors-of-responsivity-to-interdisciplinary-pain-management
#11
Melissa A Day, Melissa Brinums, Nathan Craig, Laurence Geffen, Saul Geffen, Miriam Lovai, Gina Geffen
Objective: This study investigated for whom interdisciplinary pain management (IPM) is most effective. Identification of predictors of treatment responsivity would facilitate development of patient-treatment matching algorithms to optimize outcomes. Design: Repeated measures prospective study of consecutive admissions to a two-week IPM program. Setting: Brisbane Pain Rehabilitation Service in Brisbane, Australia. Subjects: A total of 163 adults referred for chronic pain management...
July 25, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024902/psychological-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-chinese-adolescents
#12
Zhen-Zhen Liu, Hua Chen, Qi-Gui Bo, Ren-Hong Chen, Feng-Wen Li, Lei Lv, Cun-Xian Jia, Xianchen Liu
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are prevalent in adolescents and important risk factors of suicide death. Both SA and NSSI are associated with multiple psychosocial, behavioral, biological and genetic factors. This study examined similarities and differences in psychological vulnerability and internalizing and externalizing problems between adolescents with SA and NSSI. METHODS: Participants consisted of 11,831 students and had a mean age of 14...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023822/the-context-of-coping-a-qualitative-exploration-of-underlying-inequalities-that-influence-health-services-support-for-people-living-with-long-term-conditions
#13
Caroline M Potter, Laura Kelly, Cheryl Hunter, Ray Fitzpatrick, Michele Peters
Coping with chronic illness encapsulates both practical and emotional aspects of living life in relation to one's long-term health condition(s). Dominant health psychology approaches for understanding coping, which underpin a more recent policy discourse on 'self-management', focus sharply on the person affected by illness and potentially mask the influence of overarching social structure. In this paper we draw on qualitative interviews with 48 people living with long-term conditions (LTCs), in order to highlight the role that structural configurations such as healthcare systems may play in either helping or hindering people's efforts to cope with chronic illness...
October 11, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022847/the-prison-of-shame-finding-a-passage-through-dreams
#14
Leide Porcu
In New York City, a man and his therapist talk about shame as a psychological, bodily, gendered, and social experience that pervades even the consulting room. They describe and analyze trauma and guilt against the background of a common Mediterranean culture they experienced while growing up, albeit from different gendered and class positions. The patient's modest presenting complaint of blushing opens into an exploration that results in an unexpectedly profound transformation. Ultimately, therapy helps him acknowledge and process his traumatic experience of circumcision and other traumas...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022071/sex-differences-in-tobacco-withdrawal-and-responses-to-smoking-reduced-nicotine-cigarettes-in-young-smokers
#15
Paul Faulkner, Nicole Petersen, Dara G Ghahremani, Chelsea M Cox, Rachel F Tyndale, Gerhard S Hellemann, Edythe D London
RATIONALE: Policies that establish a standard for reduced nicotine content in cigarettes can decrease the prevalence of smoking in the USA. Cigarettes with nicotine yields as low as 0.05 mg produce substantial occupancy of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (26%), but women and men respond differently to these cigarettes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to measure responses to smoking cigarettes that varied widely in nicotine yields, investigating whether sex differences in the effects on craving, withdrawal, and affect would be observed at even lower nicotine yields than previously studied, and in young smokers...
October 11, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021894/occupational-stress-and-the-importance-of-self-care-and-resilience-focus-on-veterinary-nursing
#16
REVIEW
Ciaran Lloyd, Deirdre P Campion
BACKGROUND: Burnout and compassion fatigue are frequently mentioned in relation to veterinary work. Veterinary nursing is a caring profession and those who seek a career within this field do so because of a natural empathetic desire to care for animals. However it is the individuals who are the most caring and empathetic towards others that will be most at risk of experiencing occupational stress when they are confronted with psychologically demanding workplace roles and working environments...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020938/trends-in-levels-of-self-reported-psychological-distress-among-individuals-who-seek-psychiatric-services-over-eight-years-a-comparison-between-age-groups-in-three-population-surveys-in-stockholm-county
#17
Kyriaki Kosidou, Andreas Lundin, Glyn Lewis, Peeter Fredlund, Henrik Dal, Christina Dalman
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric service use has increased in Sweden and in other developed countries, particularly among young people. Possible explanations include lower threshold for help-seeking among young people, but evidence is scarce. METHODS: We analysed the 2002, 2006 and 2010 Stockholm public health surveys for changes in the mean level of psychological distress among adult users of psychiatric in- and outpatient services in four age groups: 18-24, 25-44, 45-64 and ≥65 years...
October 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020113/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-self-management-interventions-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-at-improving-depression-anxiety-and-quality-of-life
#18
Tara Kidd, Nicola Carey, Freda Mold, Sue Westwood, Maria Miklaucich, Emmanouela Konstantara, Annette Sterr, Debbie Cooke
BACKGROUND: Self-management interventions have become increasingly popular in the management of long-term health conditions; however, little is known about their impact on psychological well-being in people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness of self-management interventions on improving depression, anxiety and health related quality of life in people with MS. METHOD: A structured literature search was conducted for the years 2000 to 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019817/early-claim-modifiable-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-self-efficacy-among-workers-injured-at-work-are-there-differences-between-psychological-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#19
Oliver Black, Malcolm R Sim, Alexander Collie, Peter Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate modifiable early-injury factors which are associated with self-efficacy to return-to-work (RTW-SE) and explore whether these factors are different for people with psychological or upper-body musculoskeletal (UB-MSK) injuries. METHODS: The study used a sample of workers with a UB-MSK (N = 244) or psychological (N = 113) injury who were off work. Differences between injury types were investigated across variables related to: (1) communication with RTW stakeholders; and (2) components of the job itself...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019474/are-pain-related-temporomandibular-disorders-the-product-of-an-interaction-between-psychological-factors-and-self-reported-bruxism
#20
Maurits Ka van Selms, Konstantin Muzalev, Corine M Visscher, Michail Koutris, Melike Bulut, Frank Lobbezoo
AIMS: To investigate whether pain-related temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are the product of an interaction between psychological factors and self-reported bruxism activities. METHODS: Patients referred to a specialized clinic for complaints of orofacial pain and dysfunction completed a digital questionnaire prior to the first clinical visit. The patient sample was then split into a case group consisting of 268 patients diagnosed with TMD pain according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (85...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
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