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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600952/generalized-multiplicative-model-for-assessing-outcome-in-psychotherapy-subjective-well-being
#1
Irina G Malkina-Pykh
The study presents the performance of generalized multiplicative model (GMultM) for assessing outcome in psychotherapy. GMultM is a flexible nonlinear regression method which is able to predict the impact of subjects' psychological variables (common factors such as inner directedness, time competence, sociotropy, and perfectionism, locus of control, body dissatisfaction, neuroticism, and alexithymia) as well as their changes on the outcome of psychotherapy. This nonlinear regression model including interaction effects among predictors has a higher explanatory power to predict treatment outcome, compared to any linear model...
April 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565619/cultural-processes-in-psychotherapy-for-perinatal-loss-breaking-the-cultural-taboo-against-perinatal-grief
#2
Rayna D Markin, Sigal Zilcha-Mano
This paper argues that there is a cultural taboo against the public recognition and expression of perinatal grief that hinders parents' ability to mourn and their psychological adjustment following a loss. It is proposed that this cultural taboo is recreated within the therapy relationship, as feelings of grief over a perinatal loss are minimized or avoided by the therapist and parent or patient. Importantly, it is suggested that if these cultural dynamics are recognized within the therapy relationship, then psychotherapy has the immense opportunity to break the taboo by validating the parent's loss as real and helping the parent to mourn within an empathic and affect-regulating relationship...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553350/the-translational-value-of-psychophysiology-methods-and-mechanisms-multilevel-dynamic-personalized
#3
Jennifer F Buckman, Evgeny G Vaschillo, Maria Fonoberova, Igor Mezić, Marsha E Bates
OBJECTIVE: It has been nearly 15 years since Kazdin and Nock published methodological and research recommendations for understanding mechanisms of change in child and adolescent therapy. Their arguments and enthusiasm for research on mechanisms of behavior change (MOBCs) resonated across disciplines and disorders, as it shined a light on the crucial importance of understanding how and for whom treatments instigate behavior change and how therapeutic mechanisms might be extended to "situations and settings of everyday life...
March 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543333/a-marxist-therapist-treats-a-trump-supporting-client-a-tale-of-politics-and-psychotherapy
#4
David B Yourman
When there are politically polarizing events taking place in the world, can it be useful for a therapist to disclose his or her political views within the context of a psychotherapeutic dyad? This paper examines this question through the example of a Marxist therapist working with a politically conservative patient in the polarized political atmosphere following Donald Trump's election to the Presidency of the United States. Also explored are the patient's dynamics that might have made it particularly salient for the therapist to eschew a more neutral stance...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524515/mdma-assisted-psychotherapy-for-ptsd-are-memory-reconsolidation-and-fear-extinction-underlying-mechanisms
#5
REVIEW
Allison A Feduccia, Michael C Mithoefer
MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for treatment of PTSD has recently progressed to Phase 3 clinical trials and received Breakthrough Therapy designation by the FDA. MDMA used as an adjunct during psychotherapy sessions has demonstrated effectiveness and acceptable safety in reducing PTSD symptoms in Phase 2 trials, with durable remission of PTSD diagnosis in 68% of participants. The underlying psychological and neurological mechanisms for the robust effects in mitigating PTSD are being investigated in animal models and in studies of healthy volunteers...
March 7, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480781/race-in-supervision-let-s-talk-about-it
#6
Cathy R Schen, Alecia Greenlee
Addressing race and racial trauma within psychotherapy supervision is increasingly important in psychiatry training. A therapist's ability to discuss race and racial trauma in psychotherapy supervision increases the likelihood that these topics will be explored as they arise in the therapeutic setting. The authors discuss the contextual and sociocultural dynamics that contributed to their own avoidance of race and racial trauma within the supervisory relationship. The authors examine the features that eventually led to a robust discussion of race and culture within the supervisory setting and identify salient themes that occurred during three phases of the conversation about race: pre-dialogue, the conversation, and after the conversation...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461039/dark-classics-in-chemical-neuroscience-lysergic-acid-diethylamide-lsd
#7
David E Nichols
LSD is one of the most potent psychoactive agents known, producing dramatic alterations of consciousness after submilligram (≥20 g) oral doses. Following the accidental discovery of its potent psychoactive effects in 1943, it was supplied by Sandoz Laboratories as an experimental drug that might be useful as an adjunct for psychotherapy, or to give psychiatrists insight into the mental processes in their patients. The finding of serotonin in the mammalian brain in 1953, and its structural resemblance to LSD, quickly led to ideas that serotonin in the brain might be involved in mental illness, initiating rapid research interest in the neurochemistry of serotonin...
February 20, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409394/major-developments-in-methods-addressing-for-whom-psychotherapy-may-work-and-why
#8
Sigal Zilcha-Mano
Significant progress has been achieved in the last decades in studying two central questions in psychotherapy research: what treatment works for which patient and why does treatment work. This paper delineates central developments in the methods used to study each of these questions. Through targeted examples, the paper discusses several phenomena and trends in psychotherapy research. Regarding the question of what works for whom, the discussion focuses on the progress from the search for one moderator to guide clinical decision-making to the search for a set of such moderators and their interactive effects, to best answer this question...
February 7, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388894/coping-action-patterns-as-mechanisms-of-change-across-psychotherapies-three-case-examples-of-personality-disorders-with-recurrent-major-depression
#9
Claire J Starrs, J Christopher Perry
Maladaptive coping has been shown to be related to increased symptoms of distress and lower levels of well-being, whereas the use of adaptive coping has been shown to diminish distress and improve functioning. This suggests that change in coping may constitute a significant mechanism of change in psychotherapy. Utilizing a novel observer-rating method for assessing coping, the current report examined changes in overall coping functioning (OCF) in three participants with diverse personality disorders who were undergoing two different types of psychotherapy (cognitive-behavioral therapy and dynamic therapy) for recurrent major depression...
January 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383983/the-role-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-schizophrenia-current-and-future-perspectives
#10
Daniela Rodrigues-Amorim, Tania Rivera-Baltanás, Benito Regueiro, Carlos Spuch, María Elena de Las Heras, Raul Váquez-Noguerol Méndez, Maria Nieto-Araujo, C Barreiro-Villar, Jose M Olivares, Roberto C Agís-Balboa
OBJECTIVES: Schizophrenia is a poorly understood chronic disease. Its pathophysiology is complex, dynamic, and linked to epigenetic mechanisms and microbiota involvement. Nowadays, correlating schizophrenia with the environment makes sense owing, to its multidimensional implications: temporal and spatial variability. Microbiota involvement and epigenetic mechanisms are factors that are currently being considered to better understand another dimension of schizophrenia. METHODS: This review summarizes and discusses currently available information, focusing on the microbiota, epigenetic mechanisms, technological approaches aimed at performing exhaustive analyses of the microbiota, and psychotherapies, to establish future perspectives...
January 31, 2018: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239627/clinical-severity-as-a-moderator-of-outcome-in-psychodynamic-and-dialectical-behavior-therapies-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Zeynep Sahin, Bo Vinnars, Bernard S Gorman, Alexander Wilczek, Marie Åsberg, Jacques P Barber
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of initial level of psychiatric severity on treatment outcome in psychodynamic therapy and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for borderline personality disorder (BPD). It was hypothesized that DBT would lead to better outcome for patients with high psychiatric severity, whereas dynamic treatment would lead to better outcome for patients with lower psychiatric severity. Data from the 5th-year follow-up of the Stockholm City Council's and the Karolinska Institute's Psychotherapy Project were used in the present study...
December 14, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225589/state-of-the-art-of-interpersonal-physiology-in-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Johann R Kleinbub
Introduction: The fast expanding field of Interpersonal Physiology (IP) focuses on the study of co-ordination or synchronization dynamics between the physiological activities of two, or more, individuals. IP has been associated with various relational features (e.g., empathy, attachment security, rapport, closeness…) that overlap with desirable characteristics of clinical relationships, suggesting that the relevant studies might provide objective, economical, and theory-free techniques to investigate the clinical process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186054/implementing-a-psychotherapy-service-for-medically-unexplained-symptoms-in-a-primary-care-setting
#13
Angela Cooper, Allan Abbass, Joel Town
Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are known to be costly, complex to manage and inadequately addressed in primary care settings. In many cases, there are unresolved psychological and emotional processes underlying these symptoms, leaving traditional medical approaches insufficient. This paper details the implementation of an evidence-based, emotion-focused psychotherapy service for MUS across two family medicine clinics. The theory and evidence-base for using Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP) with MUS is presented along with the key service components of assessment, treatment, education and research...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154574/a-multivariate-dynamic-systems-model-for-psychotherapy-with-more-than-one-client
#14
Jonathan E Butner, Carlene Deits-Lebehn, Alexander O Crenshaw, Travis J Wiltshire, Nicholas S Perry, Robert G Kent de Grey, Jasara N Hogan, Timothy W Smith, Katherine J W Baucom, Brian R W Baucom
The dynamics of the give and take between therapist and client(s) is frequently of interest to therapy process researchers. Characterizing the ways that therapists respond to clients and clients respond to therapists can be challenging in therapeutic encounters involving a single therapist and a single client. The complexity of this challenge increases as the number of people involved in a therapeutic encounter increases not only because there are more people responding to one another but also because the patterns of responding can become more complex...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129680/existential-issues-in-sexual-medicine-the-relation-between-death-anxiety-and-hypersexuality
#15
REVIEW
Daniel N Watter
INTRODUCTION: Current sex therapy and sexual medicine protocols often ignore the existential dilemmas associated with sexual dysfunction and other problematic sexual problems. This oversight is especially apparent when assessing and treating the controversial phenomenon of hypersexuality, or "sexual addiction." A deeper understanding of the existential concept of death anxiety could offer an alternative treatment paradigm that might lead to a more effective treatment outcome...
January 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#16
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987054/the-effects-of-short-term-group-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-on-the-personality-traits-of-patients-treated-in-a-day-ward
#17
Adrian Sieradzki, Marcin Szechiński, Krzysztof Małyszczak
OBJECTIVES: In the literature, there is no research that would indicate how a change in specific personality elements may affect the therapeutic effect of short-term group psychodynamic psychotherapy (STGP). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of short-term group psychodynamic psychotherapy on personality traits in apopulation of patients with neurotic and personality disorders in a day ward of neurosis treatment. METHODS: The study involved 139 people with anxiety and personality disorders, including 110 who participated in the control measurements...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953797/the-therapeutic-model-of-group-analytic-psychotherapy-in-brain-s-plasticity-modification-and-expression-in-patients-with-cognitive-and-psychiatric-disorders-a-hypothesis-of-neuron-immune-analysis-and-neuron-immune-modulation
#18
Catherine Mela
BACKGROUND: Dementia-like situations and depressive symptoms can be caused by a specific neuron circuit blockage, related with remote organic causes that are not cited in the CNS. Excessive cytokine secretion during stress situations is one of these causes which can be related with onset of cognitive symptoms including or accompanied by depressive ones, sometimes in an overlapping way. In both cases, chronic inflammation is a common hidden mechanism causing a vicious circle with mechanisms of somatic chronic stress and vice-versa while the serotonin pathway seems not to get seriously involved...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948435/untamed-jianghu-or-emerging-profession-diagnosing-the-psycho-boom-amid-china-s-mental-health-legislation
#19
Hsuan-Ying Huang
This article focuses on the psychotherapy debate in China that was triggered by the country's mental health legislation. Seeing the release of the draft Mental Health Law in 2011 as a "diagnostic event" (Moore in Am Ethnol 14(4):727-736, 1987), I examine the debate in order to unravel the underlying logic and ongoing dynamics of the psycho-boom that has become a conspicuous trend in urban China since the early 2000s. Drawing on my fieldwork in Beijing and Shanghai, I use the two keywords of the debate-"jianghu" (literally "rivers and lakes"), an indigenous term that evokes an untamed realm, and "profession," a foreign concept whose translation requires re-translation-to organize my delineation of its contours...
September 25, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903596/changes-in-self-representations-following-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-for-young-adults-a-comparative-typology
#20
Andrzej Werbart, Lars Brusell, Rebecka Iggedal, Kristin Lavfors, Alexander Widholm
Changes in dynamic psychological structures are often a treatment goal in psychotherapy. The present study aimed at creating a typology of self-representations among young women and men in psychoanalytic psychotherapy, to study longitudinal changes in self-representations, and to compare self-representations in the clinical sample with those of a nonclinical group. Twenty-five women and sixteen men were interviewed according to Blatt's Object Relations Inventory pretreatment, at termination, and at a 1.5-year follow-up...
October 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
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