keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Differential diagnosis*

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637111/spinal-epidural-cavernous-hemangioma-case-report
#1
Turgut Kuytu, Turgut Aydın, Kudret Türeyen
Pure epidural cavernous hemangiomas are quite rare. In this paper, a case of lumbar epidural cavernous hemangioma presenting as a lumbar radiculopathy is presented. The magnetic resonance imaging findings, differential diagnosis and therapy options of this rare case are discussed.
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637082/positive-aspects-of-having-had-cancer-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-responses-from-the-american-cancer-society-survivors-of-cancer-ii-studies
#2
Gail Adorno, Ellen Lopez, Mary Ann Burg, Victoria Loerzel, Michael Killian, Amy B Dailey, Joanne D Iennaco, Cara Wallace, Dinghy Kristine B Sharma, Kevin Stein
PURPOSE: This study focused on understanding positive aspects of cancer amongst a large, national sample of survivors, two, five, and ten years' post-cancer diagnosis, who responded to the American Cancer Society Survivors of Cancer-II survey question "Please tell us about any positive aspects of having cancer." METHODS: A sequential mixed methods approach examined 1) thematic categories of positive aspects from cancer survivors (n = 5149) and 2) variation in themes by sociodemographics, cancer type, stage of disease, and length of survivorship...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637036/differentiating-incident-from-recurrent-stroke-using-administrative-data-the-impact-of-varying-lengths-of-look-back-periods-on-the-risk-of-misclassification
#3
John Mark Worthington, Melina Gattellari, Chris Goumas, Bin Jalaludin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Administrative data are widely used to monitor epidemiological trends in stroke and outcomes; yet there is scant empirical guidance on how to best differentiate incident from recurrent stroke. METHODS: We identified all hospital admissions in New South Wales, Australia, with a principal stroke diagnosis from July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2014, linked to 12 years of previous admissions. We calculated the proportion of cases identified with a prior stroke to determine the number of years of look-back required to minimise misclassification of incident and recurrent strokes...
June 22, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636882/foxn1-italian-founder-mutation-in-indian-family-implications-in-prenatal-diagnosis
#4
Akella Radha Rama Devi, Nagesh Narayan Panday, Shaik Mohammad Naushad
The Forkhead box N1 (FOXN1) is a transcriptional factor regulating the development, differentiation and function of thymic epithelial cells; maintaining T-lineage progenitors in bone marrow; promoting terminal differentiation of epithelial cells of hair follicles. Mutation in FOXN1 was reported to cause a rare disorder characterized by rudimentary thymus gland, T-cell immunodeficiency, congenital alopecia and nail dystrophy within an Italian community. This is the first report of FOXN1 p.R255X mutation from India, outside this endogamous Italian community...
June 18, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636734/is-computed-tomography-perfusion-a-useful-method-for-distinguishing-between-benign-and-malignant-neck-masses
#5
Fatih Düzgün, Serdar Tarhan, Gülgün Yılmaz Ovalı, Görkem Eskiizmir, Yüksel Pabuşçu
Evaluation of neck masses is frequent in ear, nose, and throat clinics. Successful outcomes associated with neck mass are directly related to rapid diagnosis and accurate treatment for each patient. Late diagnosis of a malignant mass increases the magnitude of morbidity and the rate of mortality of the disease. Although magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) examinations are important tools for evaluating head and neck pathologies, they do not allow functional evaluation. For this reason, CT perfusion (CTP) as a method of functional evaluation for distinguishing benign from malignant masses is gaining attention...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636673/evaluation-of-molecular-diagnostic-approaches-for-the-detection-of-braf-p-v600e-mutations-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer-clinical-implications
#6
Artur Kowalik, Aldona Kowalska, Agnieszka Walczyk, Renata Chodurska, Janusz Kopczyński, Magdalena Chrapek, Elżbieta Wypiórkiewicz, Małgorzata Chłopek, Liliana Pięciak, Danuta Gąsior-Perczak, Iwona Pałyga, Krzysztof Gruszczyński, Ewelina Nowak, Stanisław Góźdź
Differentiated papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common cancer of the endocrine system. PTC has a very good prognosis and a high 5 year survival rate; however, some patients are unresponsive to treatment, and their diagnosis eventually results in death. Recent efforts have focused on searching for prognostic and predictive factors that may enable treatment personalization and monitoring across the course of the disease. The presence of the BRAF mutation is considered to contribute to the risk of poor clinical course, according to American Thyroid Association (ATA) recommendations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636556/long-non-coding-rna-ube2cp3-promotes-tumor-metastasis-by-inducing-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Shun-Wang Cao, Jin-Lan Huang, Jing Chen, Yan-Wei Hu, Xiu-Mei Hu, Ting-Yu Ren, Shi-Hao Zheng, Jin-Duan Lin, Jing Tang, Lei Zheng, Qian Wang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly aggressive, solid malignancy that has a poor prognosis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to be dysregulated in various cancers, including HCC. However, the molecular mechanism involving lncRNAs in HCC remains largely unknown. In this study, lncRNAs differentially expressed between HCC and corresponding non-cancerous tissue were identified by microarray analysis. A specific differentially expressed lncRNA UBE2CP3 (ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 C pseudogene 3) was identified...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636181/identification-of-biomarkers-for-early-diagnosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#8
Wen-Han Ge, Yong Lin, Sen Li, Xuefeng Zong, Zhong-Chun Ge
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common disease with serious consequences in mortality and cost. Here we aim to screen the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) as biomarkers for early diagnosis of AMI. The microarray data of AMI was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), including two independent types of research GSE66360 and GSE62646. The DEGs between control and processed samples were screened out by using limma package. Meanwhile, we performed functional analysis of GO terms and/or KEGG pathways to observe the enriched pathways of the DEGs...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635556/executive-control-in-schizophrenia-a-preliminary-study-on-the-moderating-role-of-comt-val158met-for-comorbid-alcohol-and-substance-use-disorders
#9
Giuseppe Carrà, Gabriella Nicolini, Cristina Crocamo, Annamaria Lax, Francesca Amidani, Francesco Bartoli, Filippo Castellano, Alessia Chiorazzi, Giulia Gamba, Costanza Papagno, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND: A functional polymorphism in the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val158Met) appears to influence cognition in people with alcohol/substance use disorders (AUD/SUD) and in those with psychosis. METHODS: To explore the potential moderating effect of these factors, a cross-sectional study was conducted, randomly recruiting subjects with DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia. AUD/SUD was rigorously assessed, as well as COMT Val158Met polymorphism. Executive control functioning was measured using the Intra-Extra Dimensional Set Shift (IED)...
February 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635503/practical-guidelines-to-minimise-language-and-cognitive-confounds-in-the-diagnosis-of-capd-a-brief-tutorial
#10
Gail D Chermak, Doris-Eva Bamiou, Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Frank E Musiek
OBJECTIVE: To provide audiologists with strategies to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). DESIGN: Tutorial. STUDY SAMPLE: None. RESULTS: Strategies are reviewed to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose CAPD. CONCLUSIONS: Differential diagnosis is exceedingly important and can be quite challenging...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635231/-comparison-of-paired-box-genes-8-and-2-expression-in-epithelium-tissues-and-the-related-tumors
#11
Y Song, X Huang, G H Shen, X Y Liu, X Zhang
Objective: To explore the expressional differences between paired box genes 2(Pax2) and 8 (Pax8) protein in different kinds of epitheliums and tumors, and to investigate the clinicopathologic significance. Methods: Expression levels of Pax2 and Pax8 protein were detected in 75 cases of different human epithelium tissues and 255 cases of different tumors on tissue microarray by immunohistochemistry. Results: Pax2 and Pax8 selectively expressed in different tissues. The positive rates of Pax8 protein expressed in the normal epithelium of the thyroid, urinary system and female reproductive system were 100% (2/2), 60...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635193/comparing-the-effect-of-cardiac-biomarkers-on-the-outcome-of-normotensive-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#12
Yaser Jenab, Marzieh Pourjafari, Maryam Sotoudeh, Masoumeh Lotfi-Tokaldany, Nasrin Etesamifard, Shapour Shirani, Arash Jalali, Younes Nozari, Hamid-Reza Poorhosseini
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a cardiovascular challenge with potentially fatal consequences. This study was designed to observe the association of novel cardiac biomarkers with outcome in this setting. In this prospective study, from 86 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of PE, 59 patients met the inclusion criteria (22 men, 37 women; mean age, 63.36±15.04 y).The plasma concentrations of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), tenascin-C, and D-dimer were measured at the time of confirmed diagnosis...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634807/differential-diagnosis-between-benign-and-malignant-soft-tissue-tumors-utilizing-ultrasound-parameters
#13
Takeshi Morii, Tomonori Kishino, Naoko Shimamori, Mitsue Motohashi, Hiroaki Ohnishi, Keita Honya, Takayuki Aoyagi, Takashi Tajima, Shoichi Ichimura
PURPOSE: Preoperative discrimination between benign and malignant soft tissue tumors is critical for the prevention of excess application of magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy as well as unplanned resection. Although ultrasound, including power Doppler imaging, is an easy, noninvasive, and cost-effective modality for screening soft tissue tumors, few studies have investigated reliable discrimination between benign and malignant soft tissue tumors. METHODS: To establish a modality for discrimination between benign and malignant soft tissue tumors using ultrasound, we extracted the significant risk factors for malignancy based on ultrasound information from 40 malignant and 56 benign pathologically diagnosed soft tissue tumors and established a scoring system based on these risk factors...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634564/pax8-distinguishes-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-mimicking-sarcoma
#14
Michelle S Hirsch, Alessandra F Nascimento
PAX8 is important for embryogenesis of the thyroid, Müllerian system, and upper urinary/renal tract, and expression of PAX8 has been described in carcinomas from each of these sites. The sensitivity and specificity of the polyclonal PAX8 antibody in a large cohort of epithelial tumors as well as lymphomas have been previously determined, the latter because polyclonal PAX8 is known to be immunoreactive in nonneoplastic B-cell lymphocytes which are often used as the positive internal control for immunohistochemistry...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634560/atypical-lipomatous-tumor-well-differentiated-liposarcoma-developed-in-a-patient-with-progressive-muscular-dystrophy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Ryo Miyagi, Toshihiko Nishisho, Shinjiro Takata, Yoshimitsu Shimatani, Shunichi Toki, Koichi Sairyo
BACKGROUND: Atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDLS) is an intermediate or locally aggressive form of adipocytic soft tissue sarcoma. Muscular dystrophy (MD) is characterized by progressive muscle atrophy and its replacement by adipose and fibrous tissue. Recently, some authors have reported that MD genes are related to neoplastic formation, but there have been no detailed clinical reports of ALT associated with MD. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old woman with a diagnosis of limb-girdle MD visited our department for recurrence of a huge tumor in her left thigh...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634559/malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-with-marked-lymphatic-involvement-a-report-of-two-autopsy-cases
#16
Reiko Ideguchi, Kazuto Ashizawa, Saori Akashi, Michiko Shindo, Kazunori Minami, Toshio Fukuda, Junji Irie, Minoru Fukuda, Masataka Uetani
We herein report two cases of malignant pleural mesothelioma with marked lymphangiosis. The patients included a 68-year-old man and a 67-year-old man who both had a history of exposure to asbestos. Computed tomography (CT) on admission showed pleural effusion with pleural thickening. In both cases, a histopathological examination of the pleura confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid malignant mesothelioma. They received chemotherapy, but the treatment was only palliative. The chest CT assessments during admission revealed marked pleural effusion and mediastinal lymphadenopathy...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634514/cystic-lesions-of-peripheral-nerves-are-we-missing-the-diagnosis-of-the-intraneural-ganglion-cyst
#17
Jyoti Panwar, Anil Mathew, Binu P Thomas
AIM: To highlight the salient magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of the intraneural ganglion cyst (INGC) of various peripheral nerves for their precise diagnosis and to differentiate them from other intra and extra-neural cystic lesions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the magnetic resonance (MR) images of a cohort of 245 patients presenting with nerve palsy involving different peripheral nerves was done. MR images were analyzed for the presence of a nerve lesion, and if found, it was further characterized as solid or cystic...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634505/a-57-year-old-man-with-headache-numbness-and-weakness
#18
Sam Snider, Shamik Bhattacharyya
We present the case of a 57-year-old man with headache, numbness, and weakness. We review the differential diagnosis and discuss the relevant imaging. Once the diagnosis is evident, we review the natural history and evidence in support of each possible treatment.
July 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634144/development-of-a-multiplex-pcr-assay-for-the-detection-and-differentiation-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-burkholderia-mallei-burkholderia-thailandensis-and-burkholderia-cepacia-complex
#19
Irina Zakharova, Natalya Teteryatnikova, Andrey Toporkov, Dmitry Viktorov
Two species of Burkholderia pseudomallei complex (Bpc), B. pseudomallei and B. mallei, can cause severe life-threatening infections. Rapidly discerning individual species within the group and separating them from other opportunistic pathogens of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is essential to establish a correct diagnosis and for epidemiological surveillance. In this study, a multiplex PCR assay based on the detection of an individual set of chromosomal beta-lactamase genes for single-step identification and differentiation of B...
June 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633941/pancreatic-cyst-fluid-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-a-and-carcinoembryonic-antigen-a-highly-accurate-test-for-the-diagnosis-of-serous-cystic-neoplasm
#20
Rosalie A Carr, Michele T Yip-Schneider, Scott Dolejs, Bradley A Hancock, Huangbing Wu, Milan Radovich, C Max Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Accurate differentiation of pancreatic cystic lesions is important for pancreatic cancer early detection and prevention as well as avoidance of unnecessary surgical intervention. Serous cystic neoplasms (SCN) have no malignant potential, but may mimic premalignant mucinous cystic lesions: mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). We recently identified vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A as a novel pancreatic fluid biomarker for SCN...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
keyword
keyword
3484
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"