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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646468/an-investigation-into-the-association-between-demographic-and-morbidity-factors-and-sleep-disturbance
#1
N Mullane, C Bradley
BACKGROUND: The recognition of sleep disorders is important because in the long term, they are associated with numerous deleterious health outcomes. Despite the high prevalence of sleep disorders, they are widely under-diagnosed at general practice level. AIM: This study aims to investigate the association between demographic and morbidity factors, and self-reported sleep disturbance symptoms. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study design was used...
June 23, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646346/adenosine-and-sleep
#2
Michael Lazarus, Jiang-Fan Chen, Zhi-Li Huang, Yoshihiro Urade, Bertil B Fredholm
The classic endogenous somnogen adenosine promotes sleep via A1 and A2A receptors. In this chapter, we present an overview of the current knowledge regarding the regulation of adenosine levels, adenosine receptors, and available pharmacologic and genetic tools to manipulate the adenosine system. This is followed by a summary of current knowledge of the role of adenosine and its receptors in the regulation of sleep and wakefulness. Despite strong data implicating numerous brain areas, including the basal forebrain, the tuberomammillary nucleus, the lateral hypothalamus, and the nucleus accumbens, in the adenosinergic control of sleep, the complete neural circuitry in the brain involved in the sleep-promoting effects of adenosine remains unclear...
June 24, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644969/premotor-symptoms-and-the-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-control-study-in-mexican-population
#3
Mayela Rodríguez-Violante, Adib Jorge de Saráchaga, Amin Cervantes-Arriaga, Ned Merari Davila-Avila, Edith Carreón-Bautista, Ingrid Estrada-Bellmann, Guillermo Parra-López, Diego Cruz-Fino, Francisco Pascasio-Astudillo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of pre-motor symptoms and estimate the risk for developing Parkinson's disease in Mexican population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out with consecutive subjects with Parkinson's disease from two different referral centers in Mexico. Gender- and age-matched controls were randomly selected from the participating hospitals. All subjects were assessed using a structured questionnaire for the assessment of pre-motor symptoms (hyposmia, depression, anxiety, constipation, and sleep disorders)...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642543/association-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-asthma-a-meta-analysis
#4
De-Lei Kong, Zheng Qin, Hui Shen, Hong-Yu Jin, Wei Wang, Zan-Feng Wang
This study evaluates the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and asthma. Literature search was carried out in several electronic databases and random effects meta-analyses were performed to obtain pooled estimates of the prevalence of OSA, OSA risk and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in asthma patients and pooled odds ratios of the prevalence between asthma and non-asthma patients. In adult asthma patients, the prevalence [95% confidence interval] of OSA, OSA risk, and SDB was 49.50 [36.39, 62...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638745/obesity-cardiovascular-disease-and-sleep-disorders-insights-into-the-rising-epidemic
#5
Navneet Sharma, Justin Lee, Irini Youssef, Moro O Salifu, Samy I McFarlane
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death among adult men and women in the USA and impacts millions around the globe. Traditional risk factors for CVD include obesity, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. The modern-day epidemic of obesity not only increased the rate of CVD but also ushered in an additional CVD risk factor to be added to the list; that is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In this review, we discuss the growing epidemic of obesity and OSA, highlighting the common pathogenic hypotheses linking these risk factors to CVD...
March 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638037/-melatonin-in-therapy-of-sleep-disorders-age-related-estrogen-deficiency
#6
I M Madaeva, I N Danusevich, R M Zhambalova, L I Kolesnikova
AIM: To assess quantitative characteristics of sleep in perimenopausal women treated with melatonin in a dose of 3 mg during 3 month. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A study included 21 perimenopausal women with sleep disorders. Seventeen women completed the study. Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), anamnestic and gynecological examinations, polysomnographic monitoring (PSM) were used. All patients received melatonin (melaxen) 30 min before going to bed in a dose of 3 mg daily during 3 month...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637078/-update-cardiovascular-sleep-medicine
#7
Benedikt Linz, Michael Böhm, Dominik Linz
The prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is high in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Typical symptoms like daytime sleepiness can be absent and those patients may report unspecific, therapy-resistant symptoms related to their underlying disease. Particularly sleep-related symptoms like nocturia, nocturnal dyspnea and pectangina can be present. Based on the results of recently published studies, the treatment of central sleep apnea in patients with symptomatic, systolic heart failure by adaptive servo-ventilation is no longer recommended...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633999/characteristics-of-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sample-recruited-using-amazon-s-mechanical-turk
#8
John Bernstein, Matthew Calamia
BACKGROUND: Several barriers exist in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The current study is the first to examine whether crowdsourcing, which has been used in other clinical populations, is useful in the recruitment of those with mTBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), an online crowdsourcing platform, is a useful tool in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to examine the injury and psychological characteristics of individuals who report a history of mTBI...
June 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633724/change-in-end-expiratory-lung-volume-during-sleep-in-patients-at-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Patrick Koo, Eric J Gartman, Jigme M Sethi, Eyad Kawar, F Dennis McCool
STUDY OBJECTIVES: As lung volume decreases radial traction on the upper airway is reduced, making it more collapsible. The purpose of this study was to measure change in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) following sleep onset and to evaluate the relationship between change in EELV and sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: Twenty subjects underwent overnight polysomnography, of whom 14 (70%) had obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Change in EELV was measured throughout the night using magnetometry...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631532/measuring-sleep-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-use-of-subjective-methods
#10
Emma L Jeffs, Julie L Darbyshire
OBJECTIVES: To collate and appraise the use of subjective measures to assess sleep in the intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: A systematic search and critical review of the published literature. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Scopus, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature were searched using combinations of the key words "Sleep," "Critical Care," "Intensive Care," and "Sleep Disorders," and this was complemented by hand searching the most recent systematic reviews on related topics...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628341/observational-study-of-neural-respiratory-drive-during-sleep-at-high-altitude
#11
Joerg Steier, Nic Cade, Ben Walker, John Moxham, Caroline Jolley
Steier, Joerg, Nic Cade, Ben Walker, John Moxham, and Caroline Jolley. Observational study of neural respiratory drive during sleep at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 16:000-000, 2017. AIMS: Ventilation at altitude changes due to altered levels of pO2, pCO2 and the effect on blood pH. Nocturnal ventilation is particularly exposed to these changes. We hypothesized that an increasing neural respiratory drive (NRD) is associated with the severity of sleep-disordered breathing at altitude...
June 19, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625940/prodromal-stage-of-disease-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-how-to-diagnose-in-practice
#12
Frédéric Blanc, Marc Verny
Disease with Lewy bodies or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), particularly at the prodromal stage, is a complex disease to diagnose because of different clinical beginnings and variable paths in terms of clinical expression. Thus DLB can be entcountered in different input modes: mild cognitive impairment, depression, acute behavioral disorders, confusion and delirium, or sleep disorders. In the aim to better diagnose the disease, should be sought obviously to search for the key symptoms: fluctuations, hallucinations, extra-pyramidal syndrome, and REM sleep behavior disorder...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625682/are-circadian-rhythms-new-pathways-to-understand-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
M-M Geoffray, A Nicolas, M Speranza, N Georgieff
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a frequent neurodevelopmental disorder. ASD is probably the result of intricate interactions between genes and environment altering progressively the development of brain structures and functions. Circadian rhythms are a complex intrinsic timing system composed of almost as many clocks as there are body cells. They regulate a variety of physiological and behavioral processes such as the sleep- wake rhythm. ASD is often associated with sleep disorders and low levels of melatonin...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623510/the-implication-of-neuronimmunoendocrine-nie-modulatory-network-in-the-pathophysiologic-process-of-parkinson-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Yan Shen, Xingfang Guo, Chao Han, Fang Wan, Kai Ma, Shiyi Guo, Luxi Wang, Yun Xia, Ling Liu, Zhicheng Lin, Jinsha Huang, Nian Xiong, Tao Wang
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder implicitly marked by the substantia nigra dopaminergic neuron degeneration and explicitly characterized by the motor and non-motor symptom complexes. Apart from the nigrostriatal dopamine depletion, the immune and endocrine study findings are also frequently reported, which, in fact, have helped to broaden the symptom spectrum and better explain the pathogenesis and progression of PD. Nevertheless, based on the neural, immune, and endocrine findings presented above, it is still difficult to fully recapitulate the pathophysiologic process of PD...
June 16, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622638/corrigendum-to-the-association-of-annual-air-pollution-exposure-with-blood-pressure-among-patients-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-sci-total-environ-543-2016-61-66
#15
Wen-Te Liu, Kang-Yun Lee, Hsin-Chien Lee, Hsiao-Chi Chuang, Dean Wu, Jer-Nan Juang, Kai-Jen Chuang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622127/prevalence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-during-routine-electroencephalogram-eeg-a-hospital-based-descriptive-study
#16
Rajesh P Poothrikovil, Abdullah Al Asmi, Ramachandiran Nandhagopal, Mohammed Al Abri
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in adults is a common condition that is associated with a range of medical problems including hypertension, cardiovascular complications, and increase of seizure frequency in susceptible individuals. Polysomnography (PSG) is considered the gold standard measure in the diagnosis of SDB. This is an observational study on the frequency of SDB in adult patients referred for routine EEG. We found that routine EEG was capable of detecting moderate to severe symptoms of SDB in 14% of adult patients (95% confidence interval = 8...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622122/exploding-head-syndrome-in-the-epilepsy-monitoring-unit-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Kara Gillis, Marcus C Ng
Diagnosis of paroxysmal events in epilepsy patients is often made through video-telemetry electroencephalography in the epilepsy monitoring unit. This case report describes the first-ever diagnosis of exploding head syndrome in a patient with longstanding epilepsy and novel nocturnal events. In this report, we describe the presentation of exploding head syndrome and its prevalence and risk factors. In addition, the prevalence of newly diagnosed sleep disorders through video-telemetry electroencephalography in the epilepsy monitoring unit is briefly reviewed...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622039/determinants-for-craniofacial-pains-in-children-6-8-years-of-age-the-panic-study
#18
Anu Vierola, Anna Liisa Suominen, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Niina Lintu, Tiina Ikävalko, Matti Närhi, Timo A Lakka
OBJECTIVE: Determinants for orofacial pain, headache, morning headache and painful signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) were investigated in prepubertal children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The participants were a population sample of 439 children aged 6-8 years. Craniofacial pains, eating meals and snacks, sleep bruxism, sleep quality, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), psychological well-being, parental education and household income were assessed by questionnaires filled out by the parents...
June 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620339/the-stress-acceleration-hypothesis-of-nightmares
#19
Tore Nielsen
Adverse childhood experiences can deleteriously affect future physical and mental health, increasing risk for many illnesses, including psychiatric problems, sleep disorders, and, according to the present hypothesis, idiopathic nightmares. Much like post-traumatic nightmares, which are triggered by trauma and lead to recurrent emotional dreaming about the trauma, idiopathic nightmares are hypothesized to originate in early adverse experiences that lead in later life to the expression of early memories and emotions in dream content...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619952/cardiometabolic-correlates-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-andean-highlanders
#20
Luu V Pham, Catherine H Miele, Noah G Schwartz, Rafael S Arias, Adi Rattner, Robert H Gilman, J Jaime Miranda, Vsevolod Y Polotsky, William Checkley, Alan R Schwartz
Associations between sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and cardiometabolic outcomes have not been examined in highlanders.We performed nocturnal polygraphy in Peruvian highlanders (3825 m). Multivariable linear regression models examined associations between SDB metrics and haemoglobin, glucose tolerance (haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)), fasting glucose, homeostatic model-based assessments of insulin resistance and β-cell function (HOMA-IR and HOMA-β, respectively), blood pressure, and lipids, while adjusting for age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and wake oxygenation...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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