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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149785/association-study-of-hla-dqb1-0602-allele-in-iranian-patients-with-narcolepsy
#1
Demeke Geremew, Ania Rahimi-Golkhandan, Khosro Sadeghniiat-Haghighi, Yadollah Shakiba, Ahmad Khajeh-Mehrizi, Bita Ansaripour, Maryam Izad
Narcolepsy is a rare, disabling disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Several studies demonstrated its association with HLA-DQB1*0602 in various ethnic groups. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of HLA-DQB1*0602 allele in Iranian patients with narcolepsy and assess its predictive parameters for diagnosing narcolepsy. In addition, car accidents and job problems were assessed among narcoleptic patients. We studied 44 narcoleptic patients, 30 patients with other types of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)  and 50 healthy age and sex matched individuals in this case-control study...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147581/review-of-and-updates-on-hypertension-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
REVIEW
Masood Ahmad, Devan Makati, Sana Akbar
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep disorder as is hypertension (HTN) in the 21st century with the rising incidence of obesity. Numerous studies have shown a strong association of OSA with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There is overwhelming evidence supporting the relationship between OSA and hypertension (HTN). The pathophysiology of HTN in OSA is complex and dependent on various factors such as sympathetic tone, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, endothelial dysfunction, and altered baroreceptor reflexes...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147148/the-effects-of-depression-anxiety-and-sleep-disturbances-on-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Yesim Güzey Aras, Abdülkadir Tunç, Belma Doğan Güngen, Adil Can Güngen, Yusuf Aydemir, Bekir Enes Demiyürek
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances on cognitive functions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. In this prospective case-control study, demographic data, smoking history, depression, anxiety, sleep quality and cognitive status of 48 COPD patients and 36 healthy volunteers aged 40-90 years were recorded. The Beck depression inventory (BDI), the Beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to assess depression, anxiety and sleep quality, respectively in COPD patients...
December 2017: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146724/commentary-nocturnal-serum-melatonin-levels-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-patients-with-sleep-disorders
#4
EDITORIAL
Surg Cdr S A Bland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146723/nocturnal-serum-melatonin-levels-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-patients-with-sleep-disorders
#5
Seyyedeh Soghra Mousavi, E Vahedi, M Shohrati, Y Panahi, S Parvin
BACKGROUND: Sulfur mustard (SM) exposure causes respiratory disorders, progressive deterioration in lung function and mortality in injured victims and poor sleep quality is one of the most common problems among SM-exposed patients. Since melatonin has a critical role in regulation of sleep and awareness, this study aimed to evaluate the serum melatonin levels in SM-injured subjects. METHODS: A total of 30 SM-exposed male patients and 10 controls was evaluated. Sleep quality was evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); daytime sleepiness was measured by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the risk of obstructive sleep apnoea was determined by the STOP-Bang questionnaire...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146117/implications-of-disturbances-in-circadian-rhythms-for-cardiovascular-health-a-new-frontier-in-free-radical-biology
#6
REVIEW
Neelam Khaper, Craig D C Bailey, Nilesh R Ghugre, Cristine Reitz, Zikra Awosanmi, Ryan Waines, Tami A Martino
Cell autonomous circadian "clock" mechanisms are present in virtually every organ, and generate daily rhythms that are important for normal physiology. This is especially relevant to the cardiovascular system, for example the circadian mechanism orchestrates rhythms in heart rate, blood pressure, cardiac contractility, metabolism, gene and protein abundance over the 24-hour day and night cycles. Conversely, disturbing circadian rhythms (e.g. via shift work, sleep disorders) increases cardiovascular disease risk, and exacerbates cardiac remodelling and worsens outcome...
November 13, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145290/effective-treatment-of-narcolepsy-like-symptoms-with-high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-a-case-report
#7
Jian-Bo Lai, Mao-Mao Han, Yi Xu, Shao-Hua Hu
RATIONALE: Narcolepsy is a rare sleep disorder with disrupted sleep-architecture. Clinical management of narcolepsy lies dominantly on symptom-driven pharmacotherapy. The treatment role of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for narcolepsy remains unexplored. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this paper, we present a case of a 14-year-old young girl with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), cataplexy and hypnagogic hallucinations. DIAGNOSES: After excluding other possible medical conditions, this patient was primarily diagnosed with narcolepsy...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144513/predictors-of-heart-rhythm-disturbances-in-hypertensive-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
Lyudmila Sergeevna Korostovtseva, Nadezhda Edvinovna Zvartau, Oxana Petrovna Rotar, Yurii Vladimirovich Sviryaev, Aleksandra Olegovna Konradi
Objective: To assess the incidence and predictors of heart rhythm and conduction disturbances in hypertensive obese patients with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: This is an open, cohort, prospective study. Out of 493 screened patients, we selected 279 hypertensive, obese individuals without severe concomitant diseases: 75 patients without sleep-disordered breathing (non-SDB group), and 204 patients with OSA (OSA group). At baseline, all patients underwent examination, including ECG, Holter ECG monitoring, and sleep study...
September 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144185/rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#9
E Roveda, A Montaruli, L Galasso, C Pesenti, E Bruno, P Pasanisi, M Cortellini, S Rampichini, S Erzegovesi, A Caumo, F Esposito
Recent findings suggest that altered rest-activity circadian rhythms (RARs) are associated with a compromised health status. RARs abnormalities have been observed also in several pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular, neurological, and cancer diseases. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder, with a prevalence of 3.5% in women and 2% in men. BED and its associate obesity and motor inactivity could induce RARs disruption and have negative consequences on health-related quality of life...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143127/decreased-serum-vitamin-b12-and-vitamin-d-levels-affect-sleep-quality-in-children-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#10
Rabia Miray Kisla Ekinci, Sibel Balci, Mahir Serbes, Dilek Dogruel, Derya Ufuk Altintas, Mustafa Yilmaz
Familial Mediterranean fever is an autoinflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent fever and serositis. We aimed to describe serum vitamin B12 and vitamin D levels and their correlation with self-reported sleep quality of pediatric FMF patients. Sixty-three children with FMF were enrolled to the study. Information on sleep quality was obtained using self-administration of Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The patients were divided into subgroups depending on vitamin D serum concentrations: ≥ 20 and < 20 ng/ml...
November 15, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142787/sleep-apnea-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-disease-risks-among-haitian-medical-students
#11
Diana M Rosenthal, Donaldson F Conserve, Dodley Severe, Michaele A Gedeon, Ferdinand Zizi, Georges Casimir, Samy I McFarlane, Girardin Jean Louis
Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder that disproportionately affects blacks and has been previously studied among Caribbean-born blacks in Brooklyn, New York, but there has been negligible research in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, and developing countries on this pressing health issue. A total of 373 medical students (mean age=20.6 years ± 2.3 years) from a medical school in Haiti participated in this study. Participants were administered a questionnaire assessing their sleep health and cardiovascular outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142034/cumulative-burden-of-glucocorticoid-related-adverse-events-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-findings-from-a-12-year-longitudinal-study
#12
Hung-Lin Chen, Li-Jiuan Shen, Ping-Ning Hsu, Chieh-Yu Shen, Susan A Hall, Fei-Yuan Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this population-based study is to examine the adverse events (AE) associated with longitudinal systemic glucocorticoid (GC) use among an ethnic Chinese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohort. METHODS: Our study subjects were patients with newly diagnosed SLE aged 18 and older who received at least 1 prescription of systemic GC between 2001 and 2012 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). The earliest prescription date of systemic GC for each subject was defined as the index date...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138901/-which-factors-are-associated-with-the-use-of-potentially-inadequate-medications-pim-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-degs1
#13
Heinz G Endres, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Hildtraud Knopf, Petra A Thürmann
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate a relationship between the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) for patients 65 years or older and an increased risk for adverse events, in particular hospitalisations. The RKI conducted DEGS1-Survey ("German health interview and examination survey for adults") provides a representative sample of the target population to identify determinants for PIM use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of older persons in Germany, who currently use PIM, and if there are subpopulations among older persons with a particularly high PIM use...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136483/fitness-sleep-disordered-breathing-symptoms-of-depression-and-cognition-in-inactive-overweight-children-mediation-models
#14
Monika M K Stojek, Amanda K Montoya, Christopher F Drescher, Andrew Newberry, Zain Sultan, Celestine F Williams, Norman K Pollock, Catherine L Davis
OBJECTIVES: We used mediation models to examine the mechanisms underlying the relationships among physical fitness, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), symptoms of depression, and cognitive functioning. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the cohorts involved in the 2003-2006 project PLAY (a trial of the effects of aerobic exercise on health and cognition) and the 2008-2011 SMART study (a trial of the effects of exercise on cognition). A total of 397 inactive overweight children aged 7-11 received a fitness test, standardized cognitive test (Cognitive Assessment System, yielding Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive, and Full Scale scores), and depression questionnaire...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136234/non-apnoea-sleep-disorder-increases-the-risk-of-subsequent-female-infertility-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#15
I-Duo Wang, Yung-Liang Liu, Chung-Kan Peng, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Shan-Yueh Chang, Chang-Huei Tsao, Wu-Chien Chien
Study Objectives: Non-apnoea sleep disorder (NASD) increases the risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD), cardiovascular disease and stroke. However, the risk and the time interval of NASD to female infertility has not been thoroughly understood. Our study aimed to determine whether NASD increases subsequent risk of female infertility. Methods: This study utilized outpatient and inpatient data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) between 2000 and 2010 in Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135910/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-recurrent-wheeze-asthma-a-single-centre-study
#16
Marco Zaffanello, Emma Gasperi, Laura Tenero, Michele Piazza, Angelo Pietrobelli, Luca Sacchetto, Franco Antoniazzi, Giorgio Piacentini
The relationship between asthma and sleep-disordered breathing is bidirectional due to common risk factors that promote airway inflammation. Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing and recurrent wheeze/asthma are conditions that involve the upper and the lower respiratory system, respectively. The aim of the present study was to investigate the sleep disordered breathing in children with recurrent wheeze/asthma. This was a retrospective study concerning children older than 2 years who underwent-between January 2014 and November 2016-an in-laboratory overnight polygraphic study...
November 14, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135515/association-between-allergic-and-nonallergic-rhinitis-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Ming Zheng, Xiangdong Wang, Luo Zhang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Allergic rhinitis and nonallergic rhinitis (NAR) are common disorders, which have been considered as potential risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This review summarizes the proposed underlying pathophysiological mechanisms to provide a better understanding of the relationship between these conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: In adults, allergic rhinitis and NAR may be considered as symptoms potentiating, rather than risk potentiating factors in the pathophysiology of OSA, whereas in children, these are considered to be independent predictors for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and failure of adeno-tonsillectomy, the recommended first-line therapy for children with OSA...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127618/asthma-gerd-and-obesity-triangle-of-inflammation
#18
REVIEW
Samriti Gupta, Rakesh Lodha, S K Kabra
There is increasing prevalence of both asthma and obesity in children globally in recent years. Various epidemiological studies link obesity as a risk factor for asthma and suggest a possible causal association. Obesity asthma phenotype is considered as distinct in view of greater severity and poor asthma control. Various mechanisms underlying this phenotype have been suggested including mechanical effects of obesity and systemic inflammation, but still the exact mechanism is unclear. Also, the comorbidities like gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) lead to inflammation in airways and contribute to asthma obesity association...
November 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122399/-sleep-apneas-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risk-data-from-the-pays-de-la-loire-sleep-cohort
#19
REVIEW
F Gagnadoux, P Priou, T Urban, N Meslier, W Trzepizur
Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a prevalent disease characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete obstruction of upper airway during sleep. Untreated moderate to severe OSAHS is recognized as a cardiovascular (CV) risk factor. Data from the Pays de la Loire sleep cohort and other clinic- or population-based cohorts demonstrate a strong association between OSAHS and the different components of the metabolic syndrome including systemic hypertension, diabetes and impaired lipid metabolism...
November 6, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121638/impact-of-inability-to-turn-in-bed-assessed-by-a-wearable-three-axis-accelerometer-on-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Kenji Uchino, Makoto Shiraishi, Keita Tanaka, Masashi Akamatsu, Yasuhiro Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Difficulty turning over in bed is a common night-time symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to quantitatively evaluate overnight turnover movements using a three-axis accelerometer and to investigate whether inability to turn in bed is related to daytime sleepiness, sleep quality, and depressive mood in PD patients. METHODS: We examined 64 patients with PD (mean age, 73.3±8.21 years; modified Hoehn-Yahr [mH-Y] stage, 3.0±1.0; disease duration, 7...
2017: PloS One
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