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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215031/orexin-a-missing-link-between-sleep-disorders-and-heart-failure
#1
REVIEW
Stephen Pan, Carolina S Cabral, Euan A Ashley, Marco V Perez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep disorders represent a significant comorbidity in the heart failure population, and there is mounting evidence that treatment of sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea can significantly improve cardiac function. However, the link between these two disorders is still not entirely clear. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently, a novel neurohormonal pathway has been elucidated involving signaling molecules now collectively known as the orexins, which have been implicated in regulating autonomic function during sleep/wake cycles...
February 18, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213507/effect-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-on-appropriate-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-therapy-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Younghoon Kwon, Ryan J Koene, Osung Kwon, Jessica V Kealhofer, Selcuk Adabag, Sue Duval
BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction are at increased risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is recommended to prevent sudden cardiac death in some of these patients. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in this population and may impact arrhythmogenicity. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies that assessed the impact of SDB on ICD therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Relevant prospective studies were identified in the Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases...
February 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212693/sleep-medicine-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Aljohara S Almeneessier, Ahmed S BaHammam
The practice of sleep medicine in Saudi Arabia began in the mid to late 1990s. Since its establishment, this specialty has grown, and the number of specialists has increased. Based on the available data, sleep disorders are prevalent among the Saudi population, and the demand for sleep medicine services is expected to increase significantly. Currently, two training programs are providing structured training and certification in sleep medicine in this country. Recently, clear guidelines for accrediting sleep medicine specialists and technologists were approved...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212689/sleep-complaints-and-sleep-architecture-in-children-with-idiopathic-central-sleep-apnea
#4
Neepa Gurbani, Stijn L Verhulst, Chee Tan, Narong Simakajornboon
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic central sleep apnea (ICSA) is categorized as a type of nonhypercapnic central sleep apnea (CSA). Recurrent cessation and resumption of respiration leads to sleep fragmentation, which causes excessive daytime sleepiness, frequent nocturnal awakenings, or both. ICSA has been described in the adult population but there is limited information in children. The purpose of this study was to describe clinical manifestations and polysomnographic findings in children with ICSA...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211952/long-term-experience-with-first-generation-implantable-neurostimulation-device-in-central-sleep-apnea-treatment
#5
Henrik Fox, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg, Klaus-Jürgen Gutleben
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) are associated with shorter survival in patients with heart failure (HF). A novel treatment method for this patient group is unilateral phrenic nerve stimulation by the remedē® system, a transvenously implantable neurostimulation device, which has recently been studied in a large randomized, controlled trial. Previous literature has shown efficacy and safety of the treatment with this first-generation device, but hardly any data is available on long-term clinical parameters, the remedē® device's battery lifetime, device exchangeability, lead position stability, surgical accessibility and manageability...
February 17, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210325/hot-topics-from-the-assemblies
#6
(no author information available yet)
Cowie et al. present the results of the international, multicentre, randomised, parallel-group SERVE-HF (Treatment of sleep-disordered breathing with predominant central sleep apnea by adaptive servo ventilation in patients with heart failure) trial, which investigated the effects of adding adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) to guideline based medical management on survival and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with heart failure defined as reduced ejection fraction (<45%) and predominant central sleep apnoea (CSA)...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210319/physiology-of-respiratory-disturbances-in-muscular-dystrophies
#7
Antonella Lo Mauro, Andrea Aliverti
: Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited myopathies characterised by progressive skeletal muscle wasting, including of the respiratory muscles. Respiratory failure, i.e. when the respiratory system fails in its gas exchange functions, is a common feature in muscular dystrophy, being the main cause of death, and it is a consequence of lung failure, pump failure or a combination of the two. The former is due to recurrent aspiration, the latter to progressive weakness of respiratory muscles and an increase in the load against which they must contract...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210288/news
#8
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
The Sleep and Breathing 2017 conference is the largest pan-European meeting of its kind and is the only one to off er an integrated approach to the investigation and treatment of sleep disorders.
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208884/effect-of-sleep-hygiene-education-on-sleep-quality-in-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Farzaneh Soleimani, Hossein Motaarefi, Ali Hasanpour-Dehkordi
INTRODUCTION: Sleep is referred a regular, recurring and easily revocable state of organism which is characterized by relative immobility and significant increase in response threshold to environmental stimuli. Sleep disorders are common among haemodialysis patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sleep hygiene education on sleep quality in haemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208808/adding-agnus-castus-and-magnolia-to-soy-isoflavones-relieves-sleep-disturbances-besides-postmenopausal-vasomotor-symptoms-long-term-safety-and-effectiveness
#10
Pasquale De Franciscis, Flavio Grauso, Anna Luisi, Maria Teresa Schettino, Marco Torella, Nicola Colacurci
The effectiveness for vasomotor symptoms and sleep disorders plus the long-term safety of a nutraceutical combination of agnus-castus and magnolia extracts combined with soy isoflavones (SI) and lactobacilli were assessed in postmenopausal women. A controlled study was carried out in menopausal women comparing this nutraceutical combination (ESP group) with a formulation containing isoflavones alone (C group) at the dosage recommended. The Kuppermann index, The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Short Form 36 (SF-36) were determined at baseline, three, six and 12 months...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207519/influence-of-sleep-disorders-on-somatic-symptoms-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#11
Ya Jiang, Yu-Rong Tang, Chen Xie, Ting Yu, Wen-Jie Xiong, Lin Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in CC patients, and it is positively related to greater somatic and psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: The participants were 126 adult outpatients with CC. The measures were: constipation-Constipation Scoring System (CSS) and Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptoms (PAC-SYM); sleep-Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); anxiety-General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7); depression-Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9); and QOL-Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) and SF-36...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207464/modified-mallampati-score-improves-specificity-of-stop-bang-questionnaire-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Mehmet Ozgur Avincsal, Mehmet Emre Dinc, Seckin Ulusoy, Abdullah Dalgic, Cengiz Ozdemir, Omer Necati Develioglu
BACKGROUND: An accurate, clinical screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that identifies patients for further diagnostic testing would assist in the diagnosis of this comorbidity. One example, the STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ), has been validated as a screening tool with high sensitivity. However, its specificity may result in a high false-positive rate. The aim of this study to determine if addition of the Modified Mallampati score to the SBQ improves its specificity. METHODS: The authors studied 162 patients referred to the Sleep Disorders Clinic at Yedikule Chest Disease Education and Research Hospital...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206895/evaluation-of-current-screening-and-treatment-patterns-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-practicing-pediatric-dentists-in-the-united-states-a-pilot-study
#13
John Keating, Jae Hyun Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an evaluation of educational experience, screening, referral, and treatment patterns by pediatric dentists in the United States with regards to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: A twenty-six question, multiple choice, electronic survey was developed using SurveyMonkey software. It was distributed to the 6,017 active American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members, garnering a response rate of 7...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201957/chilean-men-exposed-to-the-major-earthquake-in-2010
#14
Oscar Labra, Danielle Maltais, Gilles Tremblay
The article presents the results of a study involving 18 men, 4 years after one of South America's most powerful natural disasters: An earthquake occurring off the coast of Chile in February 2010. Participants reported having developed new psychological health problems in the months following the catastrophe. The manifestations most frequently reported by participants were the presence of depressive and stress symptoms, as well as sleep disorders. The majority of participants registered scores of 33 and above on the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, indicating that they were suffering from posttraumatic stress...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199705/associations-of-incident-cardiovascular-events-with-restless-legs-syndrome-and-periodic-leg-movements-of-sleep-in-older-men-for-the-outcomes-of-sleep-disorders-in-older-men-study-mros-sleep-study
#15
John W Winkelman, Terri Blackwell, Katie Stone, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Susan Redline
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197218/polysomnographic-findings-in-infants-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#16
Abdullah Khayat, Saadoun Bin-Hassan, Suhail Al-Saleh
INTRODUCTION: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and upper airway obstruction. It is commonly associated with the secondary cleft palate. Infants with PRS commonly have sleep-disordered breathing (SDB); including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as well as central sleep breathing abnormalities that are present from infancy. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluate the prevalence and severity of SDB in infants with PRS using polysomnography (PSG)...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196476/automatic-mri-segmentation-of-para-pharyngeal-fat-pads-using-interactive-visual-feature-space-analysis-for-classification
#17
Muhammad Laiq Ur Rahman Shahid, Teodora Chitiboi, Tetyana Ivanovska, Vladimir Molchanov, Henry Völzke, Lars Linsen
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a public health problem. Detailed analysis of the para-pharyngeal fat pads can help us to understand the pathogenesis of OSA and may mediate the intervention of this sleeping disorder. A reliable and automatic para-pharyngeal fat pads segmentation technique plays a vital role in investigating larger data bases to identify the anatomic risk factors for the OSA. METHODS: Our research aims to develop a context-based automatic segmentation algorithm to delineate the fat pads from magnetic resonance images in a population-based study...
February 14, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195911/a-restless-leg-syndrome-incidentally-detected-by-an-18f-fdg-positron-emission-tomography
#18
Jessica Ohnona, Arnaud Metlaine, Damien Leger, Jean-Noël Talbot
A case of a restless leg syndrome (RLS) was incidentally detected in a 49-year-old woman referred for an F-FDG PET/CT in monitoring her breast cancer. She was treated with chemotherapy and on long-term hormone therapy. Diffuse F-FDG uptake of calf muscles was visualized. Medical history revealed that the patient felt leg cramps in supine position, suggesting RLS. The diagnosis was confirmed using clinical rating scales and polysomnography. RLS being underdiagnosed, this type of FDG PET/CT incidental finding should prompt to check the presence of evocative symptoms and refer the patient to a physician specialized in sleep disorders...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195837/the-effect-of-atomoxetin-use-in-the-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-the-symptoms-of-restless-legs-syndrome-a-case-report
#19
Saliha Baykal, Melih Nuri Karakurt
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequently accompanied with sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea, periodic limb movement disorder, restless legs syndrome (RLS), and circadian rhythm disorder. We have limited information about the effects of medical therapies used in the treatment of ADHD on RLS. This article discusses the effects of atomoxetine treatment on both disorders in a patient followed by diagnoses of ADHD and RLS.
February 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193835/sleep-disordered-breathing-after-stroke-nursing-implications
#20
REVIEW
Patricia A Blissitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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