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Rating scales in psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516854/mother-father-and-teacher-agreement-on-victimization-and-bullying-in-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#1
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Farhat Siddiqui, Raman Baweja, Daniel A Waschbusch, Richard E Mattison, Dara E Babinski
Bullying is a significant international problem, and parent-teacher agreement on identifying perpetrators and victims is poor in general population studies. The goal of our study is to assess informant discrepancies in children with mental health disorders. Parents and teachers completed the Pediatric Behavior Scale as part of a diagnostic evaluation for 1,723 children (ages 2-16 years) referred to a psychiatry clinic over the past 10 years. Mother and father bullying and victimization ratings on the Pediatric Behavior Scale were similar, but parent-teacher agreement was poor...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510804/broadening-the-lens-of-system-based-practice-from-micro-to-macro-and-basic-to-complex-in-residency-training
#2
Michael Weinberg, Melissa R Arbuckle, Jules M Ranz
OBJECTIVE: This paper aimed to develop a model for understanding the various dimensions of system-based practice (SBP) and determine the extent to which psychiatry residents perform behaviors along these dimensions. METHODS: Sixty-one supervisors from seven psychiatry programs rated resident performance of SBP behaviors using a 60-item instrument. Multi-dimensional scaling and cluster analysis were conducted to determine how the instrument items related to one another and the larger concept of SBP...
May 16, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486308/effect-of-n-desalkylquetiapine-quetiapine-plasma-level-ratio-on-anxiety-and-depression-in-bipolar-disorder-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
C Rovera, M C Mauri, C Di Pace, S Paletta, A Reggiori, V Ciappolino, D Cattaneo, S Baldelli, E Clementi, A C Altamura
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationships between quetiapine and N-desalkylquetiapine plasma levels and clinical improvement, particularly, in regard to depressive and anxious symptoms and to hostility. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study that involved 37 outpatients diagnosed as having bipolar disorder I or II. All the patients were observed during a clinical acute and postacute phase. Patients were prescribed 50-800 mg of quetiapine...
May 5, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481178/psilocybin-assisted-therapy-a-review-of-a-novel-treatment-for-psychiatric-disorders
#4
Kelan Thomas, Benjamin Malcolm, Dan Lastra
Recent research suggests that functional connectivity changes may be involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. Hyperconnectivity in the default mode network has been associated with psychopathology, but psychedelic serotonin agonists like psilocybin may profoundly disrupt these dysfunctional neural network circuits and provide a novel treatment for psychiatric disorders. We have reviewed the current literature to investigate the efficacy and safety of psilocybin-assisted therapy for the treatment of psychiatric disorders...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480819/should-a-routine-genotyping-of-cyp2d6-and-cyp2c19-genetic-polymorphisms-be-recommended-to-predict-venlafaxine-efficacy-in-depressed-patients-treated-in-psychiatric-settings
#5
Adela Taranu, Romain Colle, Florence Gressier, Khalil El Asmar, Laurent Becquemont, Emmanuelle Corruble, Céline Verstuyft
AIM: The antidepressant venlafaxine (VEN) is metabolized by CYP2D6 and CYP2C19. The aim of this study was to assess the relevance of generalizing to daily practice the genotyping of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 to predict VEN efficacy in depressed patients treated in psychiatric settings. PATIENTS & METHODS: This study was nested in a naturalistic cohort, with 206 patients requiring a new antidepressant treatment and genotyped for CYP2D6 *3, *4, *5 del, *6, *2xN, *10, *41 and CYP2C19 *2, *3, *4, *5, *17 alleles...
May 8, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472701/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#6
Mohamed A Khalil, Alia A Saleh, Sherif M Gohar, Dalia Hamed Khalil, Mohamed Said
BACKGROUND: Research in bipolar disorder suggests the presence of structural brain abnormalities. It is not clear whether these findings are trait markers or operate with the onset and progress with disease severity and duration. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive technique that detects degenerative changes in the retina reflecting brain degeneration. This study aimed at detecting these changes and relating them to disease severity and clinical characteristics. METHODS: A case-control study conducted in Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine hospital, Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467006/initiating-activities-of-daily-living-contributes-to-well-being-in-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers
#7
Clarissa M Giebel, Caroline Sutcliffe
OBJECTIVE: Problems with everyday functioning are linked to reduced well-being in people with dementia (PwD) and their carers. However, previous research has almost solely investigated the performance of everyday activities, and global functioning without analysing individual activities. This study explored how deficits in initiating and performing individual activities were associated with carer burden and poorer quality of life of carers and PwD. METHODS: Carers of people with mild dementia were recruited via 10 National Health Service Trusts, as well as through attending six carer support groups...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462607/have-antipsychotics-a-different-speed-of-action-in-the-acute-treatment-of-mania-a-single-blind-comparative-study
#8
Massimiliano Buoli, Cecilia Maria Esposito, Marco Godio, Alice Caldiroli, Marta Serati, A Carlo Altamura
Available antipsychotics show different efficacy on manic symptoms of bipolar patients, but few studies have investigated the speed of action of the various compounds. For this reason, purpose of the present paper was to compare antipsychotic mono-therapies in terms of speed of action in a sample of manic bipolar patients. In total, 155 bipolar patients, treated with antipsychotic mono-therapy and followed-up in Inpatient Psychiatry Clinic of University of Milan, were included in this single-blind comparative study...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461697/exocytosis-related-genes-and-response-to-methylphenidate-treatment-in-adults-with-adhd
#9
B S da Silva, R B Cupertino, D L Rovaris, J B Schuch, D B Kappel, D Müller, C E Bandeira, M M Victor, R G Karam, N R Mota, L A Rohde, V Contini, E H Grevet, C H D Bau
Experimental studies have demonstrated that methylphenidate (MPH) modulates the synaptic vesicle trafficking and synaptotagmin-1 (SytI) mRNA levels. SytI is a regulatory protein of the SNARE complex, a neurotransmitter exocytosis mediator. Despite this evidence, most SNARE complex-related genes have never been evaluated in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pharmacogenetics. This study evaluates, for we believe the first time, polymorphisms on the SNARE complex-related genes STX1A (rs2228607), VAMP2 (26bp Ins/Del) and SYT1 (rs1880867 and rs2251214) on the response to immediate-release methylphenidate (IR-MPH) in a naturalistic sample of adults with ADHD...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439242/comprehensive-psychopathological-assessment-based-on-the-association-for-methodology-and-documentation-in-psychiatry-amdp-system-development-methodological-foundation-application-in-clinical-routine-and-research
#10
REVIEW
Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Achim Haug, Erdmann Fähndrich, Michael Rösler, Wolfgang Trabert
The documentation of psychopathology is core to the clinical practice of the psychiatrist and clinical psychologist. However, both in initial as well as further training and specialization in their fields, this particular aspect of their work receives scanty attention only. Yet, for the past 50 years, the Association for Methodology and Documentation in Psychiatry (AMDP) System has been in existence and available as a tool to serve precisely the purpose of offering a systematic introduction to the terminology and documentation of psychopathology...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431270/clinicians-conflicting-emotional-responses-to-high-suicide-risk-patients-association-with-short-term-suicide-behaviors-a-prospective-pilot-study
#11
Zimri S Yaseen, Igor I Galynker, Lisa J Cohen, Jessica Briggs
BACKGROUND: Clinician's emotional responses to patients have been recognized as potentially relating to treatment outcome, however they have received little attention in the literature on suicide risk. We examine the relationship between a novel targeted measure of clinicians' emotional responses to high-risk psychiatric inpatients and their short-term post-discharge suicide behavior. METHODS: First-year psychiatry residents' emotional responses to their patients were assessed anonymously with the novel self-report 'Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form' (TRQ-SF)...
April 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413441/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-ugandan-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Joan Wamulugwa, Angelina Kakooza, Sabrina Bakeera Kitaka, Joyce Nalugya, Mark Kaddumukasa, Shirley Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Elly Katabira
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder among the children. The burden of ADHD or its associated factors in Uganda are not known. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of ADHD among children attending the neurology and psychiatry clinics at Mulago National Referral Hospital. METHODS: Using the disruptive behavior scale (45 items), we investigated the presence of ADHD symptoms among children attending Mulago Hospital...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411504/severe-insomnia-is-associated-with-hypertriglyceridemia-in-women-with-major-depression-treated-in-psychiatry-settings
#13
Jean-François Costemale-Lacoste, Séverine Trabado, Céline Verstuyft, Khalil El Asmar, Florence Butlen-Ducuing, Romain Colle, Florian Ferreri, Mircea Polosan, Emmanuel Haffen, Beverley Balkau, Bruno Falissard, Bruno Feve, Laurent Becquemont, Emmanuelle Corruble
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a cardiovascular risk factor. In the general population, elevated fasting triglyceridemia (TG) is associated with insomnia. Since insomnia is a core symptom of Major Depressive Episodes (MDE), we studied the association of severe insomnia with HTG in major depression. METHODS: We used the baseline data of the METADAP cohort, comprising 624 patients with a current MDE in a context of Major Depressive Disorder treated in psychiatry settings, without current alcohol use disorders...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401674/placebo-like-response-in-absence-of-treatment-in-children-with-autism
#14
Rebecca M Jones, Caroline Carberry, Amarelle Hamo, Catherine Lord
Caregiver report is the most common measure of change in pediatric psychiatry. Yet, placebo response rates pose significant challenges to reliably detect a treatment response. The present study simulated an eight-week clinical trial protocol for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) for the purpose of testing the feasibility and validity of several outcome measures. Twenty caregivers answered questions about their child's behavior on their smartphone each week and completed a battery of paper questionnaires during weeks one and eight...
April 12, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382487/-retrospective-recording-of-childhood-adhd-symptoms-follow-up-of-adults-formerly-diagnosed-with-childhood-adhd-and-or-childhood-conduct-disorder
#15
F Wolf, M Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, K Becker
BACKGROUND: The Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) is recommended for retrospective recording of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Hence the present study explored the validity of the WURS and its short forms (WURS-25, WURS-k, WURS-15-G, IDA items) by screening adult subjects who had been diagnosed with either ADHD or conduct disorder (CD) during childhood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 317 contacted former patients of the department for child and adolescent psychiatry, 20 adults previously diagnosed with ADHD (20 male, mean age 27...
April 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379929/associations-between-physician-empathy-physician-characteristics-and-standardized-measures-of-patient-experience
#16
Alexander Chaitoff, Bob Sun, Amy Windover, Daniel Bokar, Joseph Featherall, Michael B Rothberg, Anita D Misra-Hebert
PURPOSE: To identify correlates of physician empathy and determine whether physician empathy is related to standardized measures of patient experience. METHOD: Demographic, professional, and empathy data were collected during 2013-2015 from Cleveland Clinic Health System physicians prior to participation in mandatory communication skills training. Empathy was assessed using the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. Data were also collected for seven measures (six provider communication items and overall provider rating) from the visit-specific and 12-month Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Clinician and Group (CG-CAHPS) surveys...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376919/eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-therapy-versus-supportive-therapy-in-affective-relapse-prevention-in-bipolar-patients-with-a-history-of-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Joaquim Radua, Ramon Landín-Romero, Laura Blanco, Mercè Madre, Maria Reinares, Mercè Comes, Esther Jiménez, Jose Manuel Crespo, Eduard Vieta, Victor Pérez, Patricia Novo, Marta Doñate, Romina Cortizo, Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Walter Lupo, Peter J McKenna, Edith Pomarol-Clotet, Benedikt L Amann
BACKGROUND: Up to 60% of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) have a history of traumatic events, which is associated with greater episode severity, higher risk of comorbidity and higher relapse rates. Trauma-focused treatment strategies for BD are thus necessary but studies are currently scarce. The aim of this study is to examine whether Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy focusing on adherence, insight, de-idealisation of manic symptoms, prodromal symptoms and mood stabilization can reduce episode severity and relapse rates and increase cognitive performance and functioning in patients with BD...
April 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365002/national-survey-on-pediatric-acute-agitation-and-behavioral-escalation-in-academic-inpatient-pediatric-care-settings
#18
Nasuh Malas, Linden Spital, Jason Fischer, Yu Kawai, David Cruz, Patricia Keefer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric acute agitation and behavioral escalation (PAABE) is common and disruptive to pediatric inpatient health care. There is a paucity of literature on PAABE in noncritical care inpatient pediatric care settings with little consensus on its evaluation and management. METHODS: In January 2016, a 34-question survey was e-mailed to pediatric hospitalists and consultation-liaison psychiatrists through their respective professional listservs. Excluded responses included incomplete surveys, and surveys from providers in community care settings...
January 27, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360811/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-brain-derived-neurotropic-factor-levels-and-the-stroop-interference-effect-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Hüseyin Aktaş, Rümeysa Alaca
INTRODUCTION: Brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In addition, impairment in executive functions has been reported in children with ADHD. This study investigated the presence of a relationship between Stroop test scores and BDNF levels in children with ADHD. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Child Psychiatry at Dicle University. The study included 49 children between 6 and 15 years of age (M/F: 42/7), who were diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV, and who did not receive previous therapy...
December 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344716/an-examination-of-entrance-criteria-for-international-medical-graduates-imgs-into-canadian-psychiatry-residency-programs
#20
Ashok Soma, Mathew Myatt, Mario McKenna, Soma Ganesa, Ka Wai Leung
BACKGROUND: Although international medical graduates (IMGs) are essential in health care service delivery, a gap exists in the literature about how IMGs are selected into psychiatry residency programs in Canada. The purpose of this study was to identify the relative weight or importance that Canadian program directors (PDs) of psychiatry place on certain selection criteria when matching IMGs into residency programs. METHODS: We electronically distributed a web-based questionnaire to 16 university residency program directors of psychiatry in Canada...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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