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Developmental trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437271/surgical-management-of-traumatic-peripheral-osteoma-of-the-mandible
#1
André Bachega Gomes Geron, Vinícius Almeida Carvalho, Jessica Luana Dos Santos, Luciana Yamamoto Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León, Alexandre Elias Trivellato, Cássio Edvard Sverzut
Osteomas are benign osteogenic lesions that result from the proliferation of mature bone. Three variants are known: central, peripheral, and extraskeletal. The peripheral variant is the most common and it most frequently affects the paranasal sinuses, rarely occurring in the jaws. This article describes the case of a 33-year-old white male patient who was referred complaining of facial asymmetry. Clinical examination revealed an increase in volume at the base of the right side of the mandible, hard bony consistency and well delimited, painless to the touch, without signs of infection or intraoral alterations...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427778/factors-associated-with-delayed-presentation-and-misdiagnosis-of-testicular-torsion-a-case-control-study
#2
Christopher E Bayne, Jeffrey Villanueva, Tanya D Davis, Hans G Pohl, H G Rushton
We identified factors associated with delay in presentation and misdiagnosis of testicular torsion. Compared with acute cases, delayed presentations were more likely to report isolated abdominal pain, developmental disorders, and history of recent genital trauma. Failure to perform a genitourinary examination or scrotal imaging was associated with misdiagnosis.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417851/nuclear-medicine-techniques-in-pediatric-bone-imaging
#3
REVIEW
Laura A Drubach
An important mandate when imaging pediatric patients is the reduction of radiation exposure to the lowest possible level consistent with good quality diagnostic imaging, so individual selection of radiopharmaceutical dosage and imaging technique is essential. Although the logistics of image acquisition and the approach to interpretation mirror the more common use in adults, the challenges of imaging young children typically require greater attention to patient preparation, positioning, and supervision during imaging, with the use of parental or family engagement in the procedure, gentle restraint, and occasionally the need for sedation...
May 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412469/earliest-phases-of-chondrogenesis-are-dependent-upon-angiogenesis-during-ectopic-bone-formation-in-mice
#4
Beth Bragdon, Stephanie Lam, Sherif Aly, Alexandra Femia, Abigail Clark, Amira Hussein, Elise F Morgan, Louis C Gerstenfeld
Endochondral ossification is the process where cartilage forms prior to ossification and in which new bone forms during both fracture healing and ectopic bone formation. Transitioning to ossification is a highly coordinated process between hypertrophic chondrocytes, vascular endothelial cells, osteoblasts and osteoclasts. A critical biological process that is central to the interactions of these various cell types is angiogenesis. Although it is well established that angiogenesis is crucial for fracture repair, less is known pertaining to the role of angiogenesis in ectopic bone formation...
April 12, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407156/enhancing-care-models-to-capture-psychological-trauma
#5
Mary Suzanne Balch, Jo Loomis
Toxic levels of stress in childhood are an ongoing threat to public health. Traumatized children have special needs for health care to address their developmental, mental health, and medical problems, and mitigate risk for long-term health problems. Developmental trauma leads to increased use of medical, social, correctional, and mental health services. Longitudinal and retrospective studies link childhood trauma and adversity to academic difficulties, poor health, and low economic productivity in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388793/treating-the-deviated-or-wide-nasal-dorsum
#6
Richard E Davis, Allen I Foulad
Both deviation and excessive width of the nasal dorsum result in conspicuous facial disharmony and are often attended by nasal airway dysfunction. Whether the result of developmental growth disturbances, nasal trauma, failed nasal surgery, or combinations therein, deviation and splaying of the nasal dorsum can be exceedingly difficult to treat. Individualized treatment is paramount because contour variations are seemingly endless, and a careful preoperative assessment of the anatomic, physiologic, cosmetic, and psychosocial factors that characterize the deformity is necessary to devise an effective patient-specific treatment plan...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378102/posttraumatic-stress-and-problem-drinking-at-the-transition-out-of-college
#7
Jennifer P Read, Sharon Radomski, Jeffrey D Wardell
The objective of the present study was to examine how symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may confer drinking risk as students with trauma histories complete college and move toward independent adulthood. Students (N = 283) completed assessments of trauma, posttraumatic stress, and alcohol use and consequences at four time points during the year following their fourth year of college. Some students had transitioned out of the college environment, whereas others had not. We examined how transition status moderated within-person associations between changes in PTSD and corresponding changes in alcohol outcomes over time...
April 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377126/vascular-impairment-as-a-pathological-mechanism-underlying-long-lasting-cognitive-dysfunction-after-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Ichkova Aleksandra, Beatriz Rodriguez-Grande, Claire Bar, Frederic Villega, Jan Pieter Konsman, Jerome Badaut
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in children. Indeed, the acute mechanical injury often evolves to a chronic brain disorder with long-term cognitive, emotional and social dysfunction even in the case of mild TBI. Contrary to the commonly held idea that children show better recovery from injuries than adults, pediatric TBI patients actually have worse outcome than adults for the same degree of injury severity. Acute trauma to the young brain likely interferes with the fine-tuned developmental processes and may give rise to long-lasting consequences on brain's function...
April 1, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374621/giant-arachnoid-cyst-associated-with-acute-subdural-haematoma-a-case-report
#9
Alfredo Di Gaeta, Francesco Giurazza, Gianluigi Guarnieri, Mario Muto
Arachnoid cysts are extra-cerebral, intra-arachnoidal cerebrospinal fluid collections - the most frequent congenital developmental intracranial cystic lesions. They are often diagnosed incidentally during imaging exams acquired for different reasons, and are usually asymptomatic. Rare complications are post-traumatic rupture with consequent subdural haematomas. Spontaneous bleeding should be acknowledged as a rare but possible complication of this benign lesion. We report on the case of a patient presenting with a giant arachnoid cyst extending to the left frontal, temporal and parietal lobes associated with acute subdural haematoma without history of trauma...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361213/food-addiction-as-a-proxy-for-eating-disorder-and-obesity-severity-trauma-history-ptsd-symptoms-and-comorbidity
#10
REVIEW
Timothy D Brewerton
PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) is a newly defined yet still controversial condition that has important etiological, developmental, treatment, prevention, and social policy implications. In this review, the case is made that FA (or high scores on the Yale Food Addiction Scale) may be used as a proxy measure for a matrix of interrelated clinical features, including greater eating disorder severity, greater obesity severity, more severe trauma histories, greater symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), greater psychiatric comorbidity, as well as greater medical morbidity and mortality...
March 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349046/venous-thromboembolism-in-critical-illness-and-trauma-pediatric-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Ranjit S Chima, Sheila J Hanson
Critically ill children and those sustaining severe traumatic injuries are at higher risk for developing venous thromboembolism (VTE) than other hospitalized children. Multiple factors including the need for central venous catheters, immobility, surgical procedures, malignancy, and dysregulated inflammatory state confer this increased risk. As well as being at higher risk of VTE, this population is frequently at an increased risk of bleeding, making the decision of prophylactic anticoagulation even more nuanced...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343323/post-traumatic-sleep-wake-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Tatyana Mollayeva, Andrea D'Souza, Shirin Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
All living organisms that face a traumatic life event are susceptible to sleep-wake disturbances. Stress, which can result in trauma, evokes a high level of physiological arousal associated with sympathetic nervous system activation, during both sleep and wakefulness. Heredity, sex hormones, early losses, developmental factors and intra- and interpersonal conflicts, contribute to the level of baseline physiological arousal, producing either subclinical, clinical or complex clinical traits, acutely and at any time after exposure to a traumatic event...
April 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337354/facial-asymmetry-in-a-crying-newborn-a-comparison-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#13
Shreyas Arya, Sunil K Jain, Carol J Richardson
Facial asymmetry in a crying newborn can be due to a variety of different causes. Neonatal asymmetric crying facies (NACF) is a specific phenotype, which is often underrecognized. It is defined as asymmetry of the mouth and lips with grimacing or smiling, but a symmetric appearance at rest. NACF needs to be differentiated from complete facial palsy in a newborn, which can occur due to traumatic or developmental etiologies. Developmental causes can be present in isolation or may be a part of a recognized syndrome...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331572/environmental-risk-factors-for-autism-an-evidence-based-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#14
REVIEW
Amirhossein Modabbernia, Eva Velthorst, Abraham Reichenberg
BACKGROUND: According to recent evidence, up to 40-50% of variance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) liability might be determined by environmental factors. In the present paper, we conducted a review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of environmental risk factors for ASD. We assessed each review for quality of evidence and provided a brief overview of putative mechanisms of environmental risk factors for ASD. FINDINGS: Current evidence suggests that several environmental factors including vaccination, maternal smoking, thimerosal exposure, and most likely assisted reproductive technologies are unrelated to risk of ASD...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331499/qualitative-reflections-casa-s-trauma-and-attachment-group-tag-program-for-youth-who-have-experienced-early-developmental-trauma
#15
Chandra K Ashton, Anna O'Brien-Langer, Karin Olson, Peter H Silverstone
OBJECTIVE: We demonstrated previously that the Trauma and Attachment Group (TAG) program for youth in middle childhood significantly improved caregiver/child attachment relationships, reduced children's symptoms of attachment trauma, and increased the caregiver's ability for self-reflection. Here we examine the perspectives of both those administering and those taking part in this intensive dyad-based group intervention. METHODS: Utilizing an ethnographic design we collected and analyzed qualitative data obtained through a focus group and interviews with program facilitators, as well as interviews with participating caregivers...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318055/menkes-disease-mimicking-child-abuse
#16
Rebecca J Droms, Jillian F Rork, Riley McLean, Madelena Martin, Leah Belazarian, Karen Wiss
Althouygh Menkes disease has well-recognized neurologic, developmental, and cutaneous features, the initial presentation may resemble child abuse. We describe a 5-month-old boy with multiple fractures indicative of nonaccidental trauma who was ultimately diagnosed with Menkes disease. Copper deficiency leads to connective tissue abnormalities and may result in subdural hematomas, wormian bones, cervical spine defects, rib fractures, and spurring of the long bone metaphyses. Several of these findings, including fractures and subdural hematomas, may be misinterpreted as child abuse...
March 20, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300479/knowing-and-not-knowing-a-frequent-human-arrangement
#17
Sylvia Solinski
The paradigmatic system of societal abuse occurs in totalitarian state systems. The relational systems of subjugation that maintain such states of terror must, of necessity, destroy any authentic civic space in which individuals can flourish. Similar dynamics characterize child abuse within families. Survival requires the use of varied strategies, the most extreme of which are dissociative in nature, and that result in marked distortions of developmental trajectories across all psychological domains. Such dynamics are mirrored in dissociative systems that, in the absence of intervention, perpetuate the trauma of non-recognition by subjugation and self-objectification, or by omnipotent denial of others' subjectivity...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279865/post-traumatic-stress-as-a-pathway-to-psychopathology-among-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-victimization
#18
Kelly D Cromer, Miguel T Villodas
OBJECTIVE: Victimization by violence elevates adolescents' risk for developing internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Recent findings suggest that disruptions in developmental processes associated with post-traumatic stress (PTS) reactions may partially account for the relationship between victimization and the subsequent development of psychopathology during adolescence. The present study tested the temporal sequencing of these associations using multi-informant measurements in a large, diverse sample of adolescents at high-risk for victimization...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261144/parallel-distinct-structures-of-internal-world-and-external-reality-disavowing-and-re-claiming-the-self-identity-in-the-aftermath-of-trauma-generated-dissociation
#19
Vedat Şar
The nature of consciousness and the autonomy of the individual's mind have been a focus of interest throughout the past century and inspired many theories and models. Revival of studies on psychological trauma and dissociation, which remained outside mainstream psychiatry, psychology, and psychoanalysis for the most part of the past century, has provided a new opportunity to revisit this intellectual and scientific endeavor. This paper attempts to integrate a series of empirical and theoretical studies on psychological consequences of developmental traumatization, which may yield further insight into factors which threaten the integrity of human consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239630/from-attachment-to-independence-stress-hormone-control-of-ecologically-relevant-emergence-of-infants-responses-to-threat
#20
Adrienne Santiago, Chiye Aoki, Regina M Sullivan
Young infant rat pups learn to approach cues associated with pain rather than learning amygdala-dependent fear. This approach response is considered caregiver-seeking and ecologically relevant within the context of attachment. With maturation, increases in the stress hormone corticosterone permit amygdala-dependent fear, which is crucial for survival during independent living. During the developmental transition from attachment to fear learning, maternal presence suppresses corticosterone elevation to block amygdala-dependent fear learning and re-engage the attachment circuitry...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
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