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Developmental trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628899/correlates-of-child-abuse-potential-among-african-american-and-latina-mothers-a-developmental-ecological-perspective
#1
Adriana Espinosa, Lesia M Ruglass, Naomi Dambreville, Alina Shevorykin, Ron Nicholson, Kelly M Sykes
The child victimization rate in the US has rapidly grown over the past five years. Today, nine out of every 1000 children are victims of some type of child maltreatment, and lifetime costs of child victimization exceed $100 billion per year. Effective policies promoting fairness and child safety must target the most salient indicators of child maltreatment. In this study, we examined three groups of risk factors for child abuse potential with the goal of identifying the most prominent indicators in a sample of 170 African-American and Latina mothers...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620339/the-stress-acceleration-hypothesis-of-nightmares
#2
Tore Nielsen
Adverse childhood experiences can deleteriously affect future physical and mental health, increasing risk for many illnesses, including psychiatric problems, sleep disorders, and, according to the present hypothesis, idiopathic nightmares. Much like post-traumatic nightmares, which are triggered by trauma and lead to recurrent emotional dreaming about the trauma, idiopathic nightmares are hypothesized to originate in early adverse experiences that lead in later life to the expression of early memories and emotions in dream content...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619855/pediatric-ptsd-clinical-forensic-and-diagnostic-understanding
#3
Frank K Tedeschi, Stephen B Billick
Exposure to trauma is a common event in the lives of children and adolescents living in the United States. Although a minority of youth develop full posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a traumatic event, those who do tend to have an extended course of symptoms in multiple functional domains and higher rates of psychiatric comorbidities. Pediatric PTSD can play an important role in legal settings, and requires that an expert witness be well versed in advances in clinical and conceptual models of this diagnosis and familiar with current research devoted to the posttraumatic response in youth...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615044/comparison-of-transportation-related-injury-mechanisms-and-outcome-of-young-road-users-and-adult-road-users-a-retrospective-analysis-on-24-373-patients-derived-from-the-traumaregister-dgu-%C3%A2
#4
Thomas Brockamp, Uli Schmucker, Rolf Lefering, Manuel Mutschler, Arne Driessen, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon, Paola Koenen
BACKGROUND: Most young people killed in road crashes are known as vulnerable road users. A combination of physical and developmental immaturity as well as inexperience increases the risk of road traffic accidents with a high injury severity rate. Understanding injury mechanism and pattern in a group of young road users may reduce morbidity and mortality. This study analyzes injury patterns and outcomes of young road users compared to adult road users. The comparison takes into account different transportation related injury mechanisms...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607820/incidental-choroid-plexus-papilloma-in-a-child-a-difficult-decision
#5
Avra S Laarakker, Jonathan Nakhla, Andrew Kobets, Rick Abbott
BACKGROUND: Choroid plexus tumors (CPT) in the pediatric population are usually discovered in symptomatic patients often with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure, with hydrocephalus as the most common presentation, along with seizures, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or focal neurological deficit. Most CPTs are found to be benign choroid plexus papillomas (CPP), whereas a small number are intermediate and malignant choroid plexus carcinomas (CPC). Total surgical resection is the established definitive treatment for symptomatic CPP...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593599/behavioral-symptoms-of-reported-abuse-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-inpatient-settings
#6
Jamie Brenner, Zhaoxing Pan, Carla Mazefsky, Kahsi A Smith, Robin Gabriels
The objective of this study was to examine how behavioral manifestations of trauma due to abuse are expressed in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) compared outcomes between patients with a caregiver reported history of abuse and those without. Findings indicate that patients with ASD and reported abuse (i.e. physical, sexual, and/or emotional) have more intrusive thoughts, distressing memories, loss of interest, irritability, and lethargy than those without reported maltreatment...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569082/child-maltreatment-trauma-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-cortisol-levels-in-women-a-literature-review
#7
Yang Li, Julia S Seng
BACKGROUND: Studies of the relationship between cortisol and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have had inconsistent results. Gender, trauma type, and age at trauma exposure may explain the inconsistencies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the review was to examine cortisol levels in relation to PTSD in women with a history of child maltreatment trauma. DESIGN: A review of literature found 13 articles eligible for inclusion. RESULTS: Despite limiting focus to the relatively homogeneous population, the patterns of associations between PTSD and cortisol levels were still inconsistent...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556367/refugee-children-and-their-health-development-and-well-being-over-the-first-year-of-settlement-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Karen Zwi, Santuri Rungan, Susan Woolfenden, Lisa Woodland, Pamela Palasanthiran, Katrina Williams
AIM: This study aimed to describe refugee children, their families and settlement characteristics, and how their development and social-emotional well-being change over time. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study of 61 refugee children (6 months to 15 years) in an Australian setting, over 2009-2013 and measured child, family and settlement factors as well as physical health, development and social-emotional well-being (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552459/prenatal-alcohol-exposure-and-traumatic-childhood-experiences-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Alan Price, Penny A Cook, Sarah Norgate, Raja Mukherjee
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and traumatic childhood experiences (trauma) such as abuse or neglect can each cause central nervous system neurobiological changes or structural damage which can manifest as cognitive and behavioural dysfunction. In cases where both exposures have occurred, the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment may be greater, but this interaction has not been well studied. Here we present a systematic review that identified five primary research studies which investigated either the impact of trauma in children with PAE, or of PAE in children with trauma...
May 25, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504334/advances-in-functional-brain-imaging-technology-and-developmental-neuro-psychology-their-applications-in-the-jungian-analytic-domain
#10
Leon Petchkovsky
Analytical psychology shares with many other psychotherapies the important task of repairing the consequences of developmental trauma. The majority of analytic patients come from compromised early developmental backgrounds: they may have experienced neglect, abuse, or failures of empathic resonance from their carers. Functional brain imagery techniques including Quantitative Electroencephalogram (QEEG), and functional Magnetic Resonance Imagery (fMRI), allow us to track mental processes in ways beyond verbal reportage and introspection...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500085/the-most-common-vices-of-men-can-damage-fertility-and-the-health-of-the-next-generation
#11
Tod Fullston, Nicole O McPherson, Deirdre Zander-Fox, Michelle Lane
There is growing evidence from animal and human studies that demonstrate that acquired paternal traits can impair both a male's fertility and the health of his offspring, including advanced age, smoking, stress, trauma, under-nutrition, infection, toxin exposure, and obesity. Curiously, many of these factors manifest as impaired neurological, behavioural, and/or metabolic functioning in offspring. The underlying molecular mechanisms that respond to the paternal environment and act as vectors of intergenerational transmission are beginning to emerge...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496375/revisiting-the-etiological-aspects-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Vedat Şar, Martin J Dorahy, Christa Krüger
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a chronic post-traumatic disorder where developmentally stressful events in childhood, including abuse, emotional neglect, disturbed attachment, and boundary violations are central and typical etiological factors. Familial, societal, and cultural factors may give rise to the trauma and/or they may influence the expression of DID. Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486814/psychodynamic-formulation-in-the-era-of-the-brain-towards-integration
#13
Louise K Newman
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to describe advances in neurosciences and their relationship to psychodynamic models of psychopathology and to present an integrative approach to psychodynamic formulation which incorporates the neurobiological underpinnings of self-functioning and a model of relational trauma. CONCLUSION: Developmental psychopathology is now better able to describe the significance of early developmental periods and the interpersonal context of self-development...
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486059/mindfulness-and-meditation-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-adolescents-involved-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-is-repairing-the-brain-and-nervous-system-possible
#14
Drew E Winters, Emily Beerbower
Adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system are prone to more traumatic events than other adolescents, leaving them in danger of developmental difficulties. Trauma exposure is predictive of poor outcomes including mental and physical health issues as well as criminal activity. Current treatment approaches either have a nominal effect on recidivism rates or increase the likelihood of future criminal offenses. This article explores adolescent brain development, the unique difficulties that juvenile justice youth face, and mindfulness meditation as an adjunctive treatment to system-based treatment...
May 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475088/rare-sequelae-in-the-permanent-successor-due-to-trauma-in-the-primary-incisor-a-case-report
#15
Juliana Sayuri Kimura, Isabela Capparelli Cadioli, Daniela Mazzotti Bressan Alves, Cássio José Fornazari Alencar, Ricardo De Nardi Fonoff, Marcia Turolla Wanderley
Severe dental trauma-such as intrusion or avulsion-to the primary dentition in infants and toddlers may cause developmental disturbances in the permanent successor. In this case, a 9-year-old boy was referred for treatment due to the absence of his permanent maxillary right central incisor. The mother reported avulsion of the corresponding primary tooth when the patient was 2 years old. The radiographic examination revealed impaction and root dilaceration of the permanent tooth; therefore, the treatment plan was tooth extraction...
May 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473090/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-suspected-physical-abuse-child
#16
Sandra L Wootton-Gorges, Bruno P Soares, Adina L Alazraki, Sudha A Anupindi, Jeffrey P Blount, Timothy N Booth, Molly E Dempsey, Richard A Falcone, Laura L Hayes, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Sonia Partap, Cynthia K Rigsby, Maura E Ryan, Nabile M Safdar, Andrew T Trout, Roger F Widmann, Boaz K Karmazyn, Susan Palasis
The youngest children, particularly in the first year of life, are the most vulnerable to physical abuse. Skeletal survey is the universal screening examination in children 24 months of age and younger. Fractures occur in over half of abused children. Rib fractures may be the only abnormality in about 30%. A repeat limited skeletal survey after 2 weeks can detect additional fractures and can provide fracture dating information. The type and extent of additional imaging for pediatric patients being evaluated for suspected physical abuse depends on the age of the child, the presence of neurologic signs and symptoms, evidence of thoracic or abdominopelvic injuries, and social considerations...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471843/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#17
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462362/early-life-stress-leads-to-developmental-and-sex-selective-effects-on-performance-in-a-novel-object-placement-task
#18
Kevin G Bath, Arielle Schilit Nitenson, Ezra Lichtman, Chelsea Lopez, Whitney Chen, Meghan Gallo, Haley Goodwill, Gabriela Manzano-Nieves
Disruptions in early life care, including neglect, extreme poverty, and trauma, influence neural development and increase the risk for and severity of pathology. Significant sex disparities have been identified for affective pathology, with females having an increased risk of developing anxiety and depressive disorder. However, the effects of early life stress (ELS) on cognitive development have not been as well characterized, especially in reference to sex specific impacts of ELS on cognitive abilities over development...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459763/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#19
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
May 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459271/maternal-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-infant-developmental-outcomes-in-a-south-african-birth-cohort-study
#20
Nastassja Koen, Kirsty Brittain, Kirsten A Donald, Whitney Barnett, Sheri Koopowitz, Karen Maré, Heather J Zar, Dan J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between maternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and infant development in a South African birth cohort. METHOD: Data from the Drakenstein Child Health Study were analyzed. Maternal psychopathology was assessed using self-report and clinician-administered interviews; and 6-month infant development using the Bayley III Scales of Infant Development. Linear regression analyses explored associations between predictor and outcome variables...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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