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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158836/a-laser-activated-biocompatible-theranostic-nanoagent-for-targeted-multimodal-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy
#1
Liming Deng, Xiaojun Cai, Danli Sheng, Yang Yang, Eric M Strohm, Zhigang Wang, Haitao Ran, Dong Wang, Yuanyi Zheng, Pan Li, Tingting Shang, Yi Ling, Fengjuan Wang, Yang Sun
Multifunctional nanoparticles have been reported for cancer detection and treatment currently. However, the accurate diagnosis and efficient treatment for tumors are still not satisfied. Here we report on the development of targeted phase change multimodal polymeric nanoparticles for the imaging and treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer. METHODS: We evaluated the multimodal imaging capabilities of the prepared nanoparticles in vitro using agar-based phantoms. The targeting performance and cytotoxicity of the nanoparticles were examined in cell culture using SKBR3 (over-expressing HER2) and MDA-MB-231 (HER2 negative) cells...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140566/mesenchymal-stem-cell-preparation-and-transfection-free-ferumoxytol-labeling-for-mri-cell-tracking
#2
Li Liu, Chien Ho
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells and are the most widely studied cell type for stem cell therapies. In vivo cell tracking of MSCs labeled with an FDA-approved superparamagnetic iron-oxide (SPIO) particle by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides essential information, e.g., MSC engraftment, survival, and fate, thus improving cell therapy accuracy. However, current methodology for labeling MSCs with Ferumoxytol (Feraheme(®) ), the only FDA-approved SPIO particle, needs transfection agents...
November 15, 2017: Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115453/in%C3%A2-vivo-monitoring-of-magnetically-labeled-mesenchymal-stem-cells-homing-to-rabbit-hepatic-vx2-tumors-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Yong Qin, Lisha Zhuo, Jinhua Cai, Xiaoya He, Bo Liu, Chuan Feng, Lin Zhang
Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been demonstrated to possess a tumor‑homing feature, their tropism to liver tumors has not been delineated in a visible manner. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the tumor‑homing capacity of MSCs and to investigate the spatial and temporal distributions of MSCs in liver tumors using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MSCs were colabeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) particles and 4',6‑diamidino‑2‑phenylindole (DAPI), and then transplanted into rabbits with VX2 liver tumors through intravenous injections...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090582/variability-of-complement-response-toward-preclinical-and-clinical-nanocarriers-in-the-general-population
#4
Halli Benasutti, Guankui Wang, Vivian P Vu, Robert Scheinman, Ernest Groman, Laura Saba, Dmitri Simberg
Opsonization (coating) of nanoparticles with complement C3 component is an important mechanism that triggers immune clearance and downstream anaphylactic and proinflammatory responses. The variability of complement C3 binding to nanoparticles in the general population has not been studied. We examined complement C3 binding to dextran superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoworms, SPIO NWs, 58 and 110 nm) and clinically approved nanoparticles (carboxymethyl dextran iron oxide ferumoxytol (Feraheme, 28 nm), highly PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (LipoDox, 88 nm), and minimally PEGylated liposomal irinotecan (Onivyde, 120 nm)) in sera from healthy human individuals...
November 1, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049361/methodological-aspects-of-mri-of-transplanted-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-labeled-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-live-rat-brain
#5
Daria Namestnikova, Ilya Gubskiy, Irina Kholodenko, Pavel Melnikov, Kirill Sukhinich, Anna Gabashvili, Daniil Vishnevskiy, Anastasia Soloveva, Maxim Abakumov, Igor Vakhrushev, Alexei Lupatov, Vladimir Chekhonin, Leonid Gubsky, Konstantin Yarygin
In vivo tracking of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) migration and homing is vital for understanding the mechanisms of beneficial effects of MSCs transplantation in animal models of diseases and in clinical trials. Transplanted cells can be labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) particles and visualized in vivo using a number of iron sensitive MRI techniques. However, the applicability of those techniques for SPIO-labeled MSCs tracking in live brain has not been sufficiently investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038584/dual-drug-containing-core-shell-nanoparticles-for-lung-cancer-therapy
#6
Jyothi U Menon, Aneetta Kuriakose, Roshni Iyer, Elizabeth Hernandez, Leah Gandee, Shanrong Zhang, Masaya Takahashi, Zhang Zhang, Debabrata Saha, Kytai T Nguyen
Late-stage diagnosis of lung cancer occurs ~95% of the time due to late manifestation of its symptoms, necessitating rigorous treatment following diagnosis. Existing treatment methods are limited by lack of specificity, systemic toxicity, temporary remission, and radio-resistance in lung cancer cells. In this research, we have developed a folate receptor-targeting multifunctional dual drug-loaded nanoparticle (MDNP) containing a poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-carboxymethyl chitosan shell and poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) core for enhancing localized chemo-radiotherapy to effectively treat lung cancers...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944881/folate%C3%A2-targeted-polymeric-micelles-loaded-with-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-as-a-contrast-agent-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-a-human-tongue-cancer-cell-line
#7
Min-Yi Cui, Zhi Dong, Huasong Cai, Kun Huang, Yi Liu, Zhuangnian Fang, Xiangmin Li, Yanji Luo
The aim of the present study was to investigate the feasibility of using folate‑targeted superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) as a magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent that targets human tongue cancer cells. Folate‑targeted and folate‑free bilayer micelles composed of a diblock copolymer of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and poly‑caprolactone (PCL) that encapsulated SPIO in their hydrophobic core (SPIO‑PEG‑PCL micelles) were synthesized. The cytotoxicity of each set of micelles towards Tca‑8113 cells was examined using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assays...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944659/t2-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-hepatic-tumor-guided-by-spio-loaded-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-and-ferritin-reporter-genes
#8
Chen-Ying Lu, Jian-Song Ji, Xiu-Liang Zhu, Pei-Feng Tang, Qian Zhang, Nan-Nan Zhang, Zu-Hua Wang, Xiao-Juan Wang, Wei-Qian Chen, Jing-Bo Hu, Yong-Zhong Du, Ri-Sheng Yu
Nowadays, there is a high demand for supersensitive contrast agents for the early diagnostics of hepatocarcinoma. It has been recognized that accurate imaging information is able to be achieved by constructing hepatic tumor specific targeting probes, though it still faces challenges. Here, a AGKGTPSLETTP peptide (A54)-functionalized superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier (A54-SNLC), which can be specifically uptaken by hepatoma carcinoma cell (Bel-7402) and exhibited ultralow imaging signal intensity with varied Fe concentration on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), was first prepared as an effective gene carrier...
October 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938164/multifunctional-superparamagnetic-nanoparticles-conjugated-with-fluorescein-labeled-designed-ankyrin-repeat-protein-as-an-efficient-her2-targeted-probe-in-breast-cancer
#9
Dong-Li Li, Jian-Er Tan, Ying Tian, Shun Huang, Peng-Hui Sun, Meng Wang, Yan-Jiang Han, Hong-Sheng Li, Hu-Bing Wu, Xing-Mei Zhang, Yi-Kai Xu, Quan-Shi Wang
Based on the discordance of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) expression between primary and metastatic/recurrent breast cancer, HER2 molecular imaging, which had potential to systemically assess and dynamically monitor HER2 expression, might improve the selection of patients for anti-HER2 therapy. In this study, designed ankyrin repeat protein (DARPin) G3, a novel binding protein with picomolar affinity for HER2, was used and multifunctional superparamagnetic nanoparticles modified with fluorescein-5-maleimide-labeled DARPin G3 (SPIO-G3-5MF) were developed for HER2 imaging...
September 8, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877348/superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-as-the-sole-method-for-sentinel-node-biopsy-detection-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#10
A Karakatsanis, K Daskalakis, P Stålberg, H Olofsson, Y Andersson, S Eriksson, L Bergkvist, F Wärnberg
BACKGROUND: Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) using superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles is a novel method in breast cancer. Several studies have verified the non-inferiority of SPIO compared with the standard use of radioisotope (99m) Tc with or without blue dye. The aim of the MONOS study presented here was to evaluate the use of SPIO as a sole tracer and the efficacy of tracer injection in the preoperative setting. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was carried out in two hospitals, one using (99m) Tc and the other SPIO...
November 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869707/spio-au-core-shell-nanoparticles-for-promoting-osteogenic-differentiation-of-mc3t3-e1-cells-concentration-dependence-study
#11
Muzhaozi Yuan, Ya Wang, Yi-Xian Qin
This work aims to explore the concentration-dependence of SPIO-Au core-shell nanoscale particles (NPs) (17.3 ± 1.2 nm in diameter) on biocompatibility and osteogenic differentiation of preosteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells. The stability of NPs was first investigated by UV-vis absorption spectra and zeta potential measurement. Then concentration effects of NPs (1-80 μg/mL) were evaluated on viability, morphology, proliferation, cellular uptake, and alkaline phosphate (ALP) activity levels. Results have shown strong stability and no acute toxicity (viability > 93%) or morphological difference at all concentration levels of NPs...
December 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842333/a-theranostic-dental-pulp-capping-agent-with-improved-mri-and-ct-contrast-and-biological-properties
#12
S Mastrogiacomo, N Güvener, W Dou, H S Alghamdi, W A Camargo, J G O Cremers, P J A Borm, A Heerschap, E Oosterwijk, J A Jansen, X F Walboomers
Different materials have been used for vital dental pulp treatment. Preferably a pulp capping agent should show appropriate biological performance, excellent handling properties, and a good imaging contrast. These features can be delivered into a single material through the combination of therapeutic and diagnostic agents (i.e. theranostic). Calcium phosphate based composites (CPCs) are potentially ideal candidate for pulp treatment, although poor imaging contrast and poor dentino-inductive properties are limiting their clinical use...
August 24, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825892/development-of-an-electroporation-and-nanoparticle-based-therapeutic-platform-for-bone-metastases
#13
Marites P Melancon, Tomas Appleton Figueira, David T Fuentes, Li Tian, Yang Qiao, Jianhua Gu, Mihai Gagea, Joe E Ensor, Nina M Muñoz, Kiersten L Maldonado, Katherine Dixon, Amanda McWatters, Jennifer Mitchell, Mark McArthur, Sanjay Gupta, Alda L Tam
Purpose To assess for nanopore formation in bone marrow cells after irreversible electroporation (IRE) and to evaluate the antitumoral effect of IRE, used alone or in combination with doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles (SPIO-DOX), in a VX2 rabbit tibial tumor model. Materials and Methods All experiments were approved by the institutional animal care and use committee. Five porcine vertebral bodies in one pig underwent intervention (IRE electrode placement without ablation [n = 1], nanoparticle injection only [n = 1], and nanoparticle injection followed by IRE [n = 3])...
August 21, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821761/enhanced-therapeutic-effects-of-human-ips-cell-derived-cardiomyocyte-by-combined-cell-sheets-with-omental-flap-technique-in-porcine-ischemic-cardiomyopathy-model
#14
Masashi Kawamura, Shigeru Miyagawa, Satsuki Fukushima, Atsuhiro Saito, Kenji Miki, Shunsuke Funakoshi, Yoshinori Yoshida, Shinya Yamanaka, Tatsuya Shimizu, Teruo Okano, Takashi Daimon, Koichi Toda, Yoshiki Sawa
Transplant of human induced pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs) cell-sheet is a promising approach for treating ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). However, poor blood supply to the transplanted cell-sheet is a concern related to the effectiveness and durability of the treatment. Herein, we hypothesized that the combined the omentum flap might enhance survival and the therapeutic effects of hiPS-CM cell-sheet transplant for ICM treatment. Treatment by Wnt signaling molecules in hiPS cells produced hiPS-CMs, which were magnetically labeled by superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO), followed by culture in the thermoresponsive dishes to generate hiPS-CMs cell-sheets...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811932/two-novel-direct-spio-labels-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-mri-detection-of-labeled-cells-after-acute-myocardial-infarct
#15
Riikka M Korpi, Kirsi Alestalo, Timo Ruuska, Eveliina Lammentausta, Ronald Borra, Fredrik Yannopoulos, Siri Lehtonen, Jarkko T Korpi, Elisa Lappi-Blanco, Vesa Anttila, Petri Lehenkari, Tatu Juvonen, Roberto Blanco Sequieros
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cellular decay due hypoxia requires rapid and validated methods for possible therapeutic cell transplantation. PURPOSE: To develop direct and rapid superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) cell label for a large-animal model and to assess in vivo cell targeting by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in an experimental AMI model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) were labeled with SPIO particles using two novel direct labeling methods (rotating incubation method and electroporation)...
August 2017: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789586/comparative-study-of-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-doxorubicin-co-loaded-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-nanospheres-prepared-by-different-emulsion-solvent-evaporation-methods
#16
Jafar Mosafer, Manouchehr Teymouri
Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is a widely used biodegradable polymer for preparation of polymeric biodegradable carriers that shows attractive features and offers possibilities to tune the physicochemical characteristics, drug release properties and biological behaviour of the PLGA-based nanospheres. Double emulsion solvent evaporation methods fail when it comes to encapsulation of highly hydrophilic drugs such as doxorubicin (Dox). The reason for this defect is due to the rapid drug diffusion into the external aqueous phase before solidification of the PLGA nanospheres...
August 9, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750340/activatable-interpolymer-complex-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-as-magnetic-resonance-contrast-agents-sensitive-to-oxidative-stress
#17
Eunsoo Yoo, Huaitzung A Cheng, Lauren E Nardacci, David J Beaman, Charles T Drinnan, Carmen Lee, Kenneth W Fishbein, Richard G Spencer, Omar Z Fisher, Amber L Doiron
Magnetic resonance contrast agents that can be activated in response to specific triggers hold potential as molecular biosensors that may be of great utility in non-invasive disease diagnosis. We developed an activatable agent based on superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) that is sensitive to oxidative stress, a factor in the pathophysiology of numerous diseases. SPIOs were coated with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and complexed with poly(gallol), a synthetic tannin. Hydrogen bonding between PEG and poly(gallol) creates a complexed layer around the SPIO that decreases the interaction of solute water with the SPIO, attenuating its magnetic resonance relaxivity...
October 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748623/photoacoustic-guided-surgery-with-indocyanine-green-coated-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticle-clusters
#18
Jayesh P Thawani, Ahmad Amirshaghaghi, Lesan Yan, Joel M Stein, Jessica Liu, Andrew Tsourkas
A common cause of local tumor recurrence in brain tumor surgery results from incomplete surgical resection. Adjunctive technologies meant to facilitate gross total resection have had limited efficacy to date. Contrast agents used to delineate tumors preoperatively cannot be easily or accurately used in the real-time operative setting. Although multimodal imaging contrast agents are developed to help the surgeon discern tumor from normal tissue in the operating room, these contrast agents are not readily translatable...
July 27, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654377/image-based-analysis-of-tumor-localization-after-intra-arterial-delivery-of-technetium-99m-labeled-spio-using-spect-ct-and-mri
#19
In Joon Lee, Ji Yong Park, Young-Il Kim, Yun-Sang Lee, Jae Min Jeong, Jaeil Kim, Euishin Edmund Kim, Keon Wook Kang, Dong Soo Lee, Seonji Jeong, Eun Jeong Kim, Young Il Kim, Jin Wook Chung
The aim of this study is to evaluate the localization of (99m)Tc-labeled dextran-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles to the liver tumor using image-based analysis. We delivered (99m)Tc-SPIO intravenously or intra-arterially (IA) with/without Lipiodol to compare the tumor localization by gamma scintigraphy, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a rabbit liver tumor. The gamma and SPECT image-based analysis shows that the uptake ratio of the tumor to the normal liver parenchyma is highest after delivery of (99m)Tc-SPIO with Lipiodol IA and that well correlates with the trend of the signal decrease in the liver MRIs...
January 1, 2017: Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652736/magnetic-alginate-microspheres-detected-by-mri-fabricated-using-microfluidic-technique-and-release-behavior-of-encapsulated-dual-drugs
#20
Qin Wang, Shanshan Liu, Fan Yang, Lu Gan, Xiangliang Yang, Yajiang Yang
Alginate microspheres loaded with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO NPs) have been fabricated by a T-junction microfluidic device combined with an external ionic crosslinking. The obtained microspheres possess excellent visuality under magnetic resonance due to the presence of only 0.6 mg/mL SPIO NPs. The microspheres also show uniform size with narrow distribution and regular spherical shape characterized by optic microscope and environmental scanning electron microscope. Furthermore, dual drugs (5-fluorouracil and doxorubicin hydrochloride) have been loaded within the microspheres...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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