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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232673/association-between-urinary-alpha1-microglobulin-levels-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Juanwen Zhang, Xuyao Zhang, Ying Zhao, Guocai Lv
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the association between urinary alpha1-microglobulin (A1M) levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a Chinese population. STUDY: We performed a cross-sectional study among 2,215 Chinese who attended their annual health examination at First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University. Urinary A1M-creatinine ratio and other clinical and laboratory parameters were measured. RESULTS: A total of 20...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232280/accuracy-of-self-reported-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Vivian S S Gonçalves, Keitty R C Andrade, Kenia M B Carvalho, Marcus T Silva, Mauricio G Pereira, Tais F Galvao
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the sensitivity and specificity of self-reported hypertension (HTN) as compared with the clinical diagnosis in epidemiological studies. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, Google Scholar, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: Health & Medicine databases. In addition, we screened the references' lists of relevant reports to identify potentially eligible articles. There were no date or language restrictions...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231957/eating-disorders-in-non-dance-performing-artists-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Marianna E Kapsetaki, Charlie Easmon
PURPOSE: Previous literature on dancers and athletes has shown a large impact of eating disorders (EDs) on these individuals, but there is limited research on EDs affecting non-dance performing artists (i.e., musicians, actors, etc.). This systematic review aimed to identify and evaluate the literature on EDs in non-dance performing artists. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed on 24 databases, using search terms related to EDs and non-dance performing artists...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231911/-difficulties-in-classifying-body-cavity-fluids-into-transudate-exudate-depending-on-the-various-diagnostic-criteria
#4
Olga M Koper, Joanna Kamińska, Katarzyna Pańkowska, Anna Matosek, Edyta Suchodoła, Karolina Sprawka, Anna Tenderenda, Paulina Brania, Agnieszka Statkiewicz, Halina Kemona
Disease processes may impair the production and reabsorption of fluid from in the body cavities, which results in its excessive accumulation. AIM: The aim of the study was the evaluation of difficulties regarding the classification of fluids from the body cavities into transudate/exudate observing the following: Light's criteria, total fluid protein concentration, and total protein ratio (TP ratio) and lactate dehydrogenase ratio (LDH ratio). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis was conducted on pleural (N=314), peritoneal (N=114) and pericardial (N=10) fluids, which were tested for the total protein concentration and LDH activity both in fluid and serum and calculated on TP ratio and LDH ratio...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231592/-ultrasonic-imaging-research-at-ashi-points-in-neck-type-cervical-spondylosis
#5
Xiaoming Wu, Fengwei Tian, Zhaopeng Xie, Guifang Dong, Jianjun Li, Xi Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the preliminary positioning and qualitative research of high-frequency ultrasonic imaging at Ashi points (including tender points and trigger points) in neck-type cervical spondylosis and explore the relevant law so as to provide the evidence for the selection of acupuncture scheme. METHODS: Thirty patients in compliance with the diagnostic criteria of neck-type cervical spondylosis were selected. The trigger points, tender points and placebo points were positioned on any of the three available oriented lines...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231181/automatic-two-channel-sleep-staging-using-a-predictor-corrector-method
#6
Shirin Riazy, Tilo Wendler, Juergen Pilz
We developed and implemented two predictor-corrector methods for the classification of two-channel EEG data into sleep stages. Approach: The sequence of sleep stages over the night is modeled by a Markov chain of first and second order, resulting in an informative prior distribution for the new state given the distribution of the current one. The correction step is realized by applying a Bayes classifier using the (preprocessed) data and this prior. The preprocessing step consists of a frequency analysis, a log transformation and a dimensionality reduction via principle component analysis...
December 12, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230923/primary-antifungal-prophylaxis-decrease-of-invasive-fungal-disease-incidence-and-reduction-of-risk-factors-in-hematological-patients-in-a-5-year-retrospective-study
#7
Yan Li, Mingjuan Liu, Bing Zhai, Xiaoli Zhao, Lijun Wang, Honghua Li, Shuhong Wang, Haiyan Zhu, Quanshun Wang, Chunji Gao, Wenrong Huang, Li Yu
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and rationality of primary antifungal prophylaxis (PAP) in a 5-year real life setting and choose an appropriate PAP strategy. METHODS: Clinical data of patients were retrospectively reviewed and IFD was diagnosed using the revised diagnostic criteria. The efficacy of PAP and the risk factors for IFD, especially the rationality of PAP, were evaluated...
December 12, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230525/diagnostic-accuracy-of-prospective-application-of-the-liver-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-li-rads-in-gadoxetate-enhanced-mri
#8
Yeun-Yoon Kim, Chansik An, Sungwon Kim, Myeong-Jin Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the LI-RADS (v2014) on gadoxetate-enhanced MRI prospectively applied in actual practice. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the prospectively written radiology reports of 143 treatment-naïve at-risk patients who underwent gadoxetate-enhanced liver MRI from January to December 2014, and identified 202 hepatic observations categorized using the LI-RADS. The diagnostic performances of LI-RADS categories for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatic malignancy were calculated...
December 11, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230362/cytochrome-c-oxidase-barcodes-for-aquatic-oligochaete-identification-development-of-a-swiss-reference-database
#9
Régis Vivien, Maria Holzmann, Inge Werner, Jan Pawlowski, Michel Lafont, Benoit J D Ferrari
Introduction: Aquatic oligochaetes represent valuable indicators of the quality of sediments of watercourses and lakes, but their difficult identification based on morphological criteria compromises their more common use for eco-diagnostic analyses. This issue could be overcome by using DNA barcodes for species identification. A 10% threshold of cytochrome c oxidase (COI) divergence was proposed for differentiating between oligochaete species based on molecular and morphological data...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230244/tumor-lysis-syndrome-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies
#10
REVIEW
Yohannes Belay, Ketsela Yirdaw, Bamlaku Enawgaw
Tumor lysis syndrome is a metabolic complication that may follow the initiation of cancer therapy. It commonly occurs in hematological malignant patients particularly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and acute leukemia due to chemotherapy or spontaneously. It is characterized by a biochemical abnormality such as hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia and its clinical outcome is directly related to these biochemical abnormalities. Prevention and treatment of tumor lysis syndrome depend on immediate recognition of patients at risk...
2017: Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229474/accuracy-of-a-new-algorithm-to-identify-asthma-copd-overlap-aco-patients-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-airway-disease
#11
Luis Pérez de Llano, Borja G Cosío, Marc Miravitlles, Vicente Plaza
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to characterize the clinical, functional and inflammatory features of patients diagnosed diagnosed with ACO according to a new algorithm and to compare them with those of other chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD) categories (asthma and COPD). METHODS: ACO was diagnosed in a cohort of COAD patients in those patients with COPD who were either diagnosed with current asthma or showed significant blood eosinophilia (≥300cells/μl) and/or a very positive bronchodilator response (>400ml and >15% in FEV1)...
December 8, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229107/clinical-characterization-of-52-patients-with-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease-in-a-single-tertiary-center-in-japan-special-reference-to-lung-disease-in-thoracic-high-resolution-computed-tomography
#12
Takeshi Saraya, Kosuke Ohkuma, Masachika Fujiwara, Chika Miyaoka, Shoko Wada, Takayasu Watanabe, Sunao Mikura, Manami Inoue, Miku Oda, Mitsuru Sada, Yukari Ogawa, Kojiro Honda, Masaki Tamura, Takuma Yokoyama, Daisuke Kurai, Haruyuki Ishii, Hajime Takizawa
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare multi-organ disorder. Physicians rarely encounter patients with IgG4-RD and its range of symptoms. METHODS: To elucidate the clinical characterization of IgG4-RD, along with the clinical significance of lung involvement, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who satisfied the comprehensive diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RD. RESULTS: We identified 52 patients with IgG4-RD...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229083/thoracic-involvement-in-igg4-related-disease-in-a-uk-based-patient-cohort
#13
John P Corcoran, Emma L Culver, Rebekah M Anstey, Ambika Talwar, Charis D Manganis, Tamsin N Cargill, Robert J Hallifax, Ioannis Psallidas, Najib M Rahman, Eleanor Barnes
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a multi-system fibro-inflammatory disorder with classical histopathological findings, often in the context of elevated serum IgG4 levels. The thoracic manifestations of IgG4-RD are numerous and can mimic several common and better known conditions. The objective of this study was to outline the frequency and nature of thoracic involvement in a prospective cohort of IgG4-RD patients who met defined diagnostic criteria. Over 40% of IgG4-RD patients had clinicoradiological and/or histological evidence of thoracic involvement, predominantly mediastinal lymphadenopathy, the majority associated with multi-system disease outside the chest...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228823/current-practice-in-the-rehabilitation-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-survey-of-practitioners
#14
Caroline Miller, Mark Williams, Peter Heine, Esther Williamson, Neil O'connell
INTRODUCTION: International clinical guidelines for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome recommend a wide range and variation of rehabilitation therapies as the core treatment. It is likely that most therapists employ a range of approaches when managing people with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome but a recent Cochrane review identified little evidence relating to the effectiveness of multi-modal rehabilitation. There is need for up to date trials of rehabilitation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, but in order to develop a clear model of best practice that can be rigorously evaluated we need to understand current practice...
December 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227955/developing-and-validating-a-perinatal-depression-screening-tool-in-kenya-blending-western-criteria-with-local-idioms-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Eric P Green, Hawa Tuli, Edith Kwobah, D Menya, Irene Chesire, Christina Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Routine screening for perinatal depression is not common in most primary health care settings. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force only recently updated their recommendation on depression screening to specifically recommend screening during the pre- and postpartum periods. While practitioners in high-income countries can respond to this new recommendation by implementing one of several existing depression screening tools developed in Western contexts, such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), these tools lack strong evidence of cross-cultural equivalence, validity for case finding, and precision in measuring response to treatment in developing countries...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227334/quantitative-assessment-of-neuropilin-2-as-a-simple-and-sensitive-diagnostic-assay-for-spitzoid-melanocytic-lesions
#16
Anna Eisenstein, Izabela P Panova, Hye J Chung, Lynne J Goldberg, Qing Zhang, Rossitza Lazova, Jag Bhawan, Klaus J Busam, James T Symanowski, Rhoda M Alani, Byungwoo Ryu
There is a significant need for the development of diagnostic tools that can precisely distinguish Spitz nevi and spitzoid melanomas. Here, we report the development of a PCR-based quantitative diagnostic assay for spitzoid melanocytic lesions utilizing the expression ratio of neuropilin-2 and melan-A genes in primary tumor specimens. We find that the expression ratio of neuropilin-2/melan-A is significantly increased in spitzoid melanomas compared with Spitz nevi. The diagnostic potential of this quantitative assay was validated in two independent sets of patient samples as demonstrated in a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showing an area under the curve value of 91...
December 8, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227237/sexual-orientation-self-concept-ambiguity-and-alcohol-use-disorder-symptomology-the-roles-of-motivated-psychological-distancing-and-drinking-to-cope
#17
David W Hancock, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer Bohanek, Micah D Iserman, Molly Ireland
OBJECTIVE: Women whose sexual identity is not exclusively heterosexual are at risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and problematic drinking. A textual analytic approach focusing on motivated psychological distancing in language style use was used to detect sexual minority women who are at greatest risk for an AUD. METHOD: Young adult women (N = 254) were asked to complete a self-report measure of sexual orientation self-concept ambiguity as well as free-write about their sexuality...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227127/symptom-and-performance-validity-with-veterans-assessed-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#18
Robert D Shura, John H Denning, Holly M Miskey, Jared A Rowland
Little is known about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in veterans. Practice standards recommend the use of both symptom and performance validity measures in any assessment, and there are salient external incentives associated with ADHD evaluation (stimulant medication access and academic accommodations). The purpose of this study was to evaluate symptom and performance validity measures in a clinical sample of veterans presenting for specialty ADHD evaluation. Patients without a history of a neurocognitive disorder and for whom data were available on all measures (n = 114) completed a clinical interview structured on DSM-5 ADHD symptoms, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), and the Test of Memory Malingering Trial 1 (TOMM1) as part of a standardized ADHD diagnostic evaluation...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227126/intentional-inattention-detecting-feigned-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-the-personality-assessment-inventory
#19
Shannon T Smith, Jennifer Cox, Elyse N Mowle, John F Edens
Given the increasing number of college students seeking Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnoses as well as the potential secondary gains associated with this disorder (e.g., access to stimulant medication, academic accommodations), the detection of malingered symptom presentations in this population is a major concern. The present study examined the ability of validity indicators on the widely used Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) to distinguish between individuals experiencing genuine ADHD symptoms and individuals instructed to present with ADHD symptomatology for secondary gain...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226869/the-heritability-of-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-validation-of-pedigree-classification-criteria-in-a-northern-italy-cohort
#20
Silvia Fostinelli, Miriam Ciani, Roberta Zanardini, Orazio Zanetti, Giuliano Binetti, Roberta Ghidoni, Luisa Benussi
A large portion of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) patients has a family history of disease and the presence of a pathogenic mutation confirms the clinical diagnosis. Recently, standardized criteria to evaluate FTLD pedigree, based on first- and second-degree affected relatives, their age at onset, and clinical phenotype, were proposed and validated in an American cohort. Herein we applied these criteria to 402 Italian FTLD pedigrees and assessed mutation frequencies in GRN, C9orf72, and MAPT genes with the aim of validating these criteria...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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