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Pediatric Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244268/reply-by-the-authors-re-an-unanswered-question-in-pediatric-urology-the-post-pubertal-persistence-of-prepubertal-congenital-penile-curvature-correction-by-tunical-plication
#1
Unsal Ozkuvanci, Orhan Ziylan, M Irfan Donmez, Omer Baris Yucel, Tayfun Oktar, Haluk Ander, Ismet Nane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244267/re-an-unanswered-question-in-pediatric-urology-the-post-pubertal-persistence-of-prepubertal-congenital-penile-curvature-correction-by-tunical-plication
#2
Daniel Yachia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236968/use-of-ultrasound-for-the-palpable-undescended-testis-a-wasteful-practice
#3
Carolyn Wayne, Luis A Guerra, Jiefei Yao, Mélise A Keays, Michael P Leonard
Background: Many primary care physicians order an ultrasound (US) before referral to specialist care for suspected undescended testis; however, the value of this practice is questionable. Objective: To determine the proportion of boys referred for suspected undescended testis who had accompanying US, the cost of this practice and the accuracy of US for testis localization when compared with physical examination by a pediatric urologist. Methods: This was a retrospective chart review at a pediatric urology service, including all patients referred for suspected undescended testis from 2008 to 2012...
December 10, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234873/predictors-for-incidence-of-increased-time-spent-in-hospital-after-ambulatory-surgery-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Takaya Nishida, Takahiro Mihara, Koui Ka
PURPOSE: Recently, pediatric ambulatory surgery has become common. However, for some of these patients, unplanned admission or prolonged hospital stay is also necessary, which can increase the mental burden on these patients. The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of the incidence of increased time spent in hospitals associated with pediatric ambulatory surgery. METHODS: Data were obtained from the medical and anesthetic records of 1087 consecutive patients aged < 18 years who underwent ambulatory surgery under general anesthesia...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229171/special-considerations-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#5
REVIEW
Sean A Hebert, Rita D Swinford, David R Hall, Jason K Au, John S Bynon
Universally accepted as the treatment of choice for children needing renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation affords children the opportunity for an improved quality of life over dialysis therapy. Immunologic and surgical advances over the last 15 years have improved the pediatric patient and kidney graft survival. Unique to pediatrics, congenital genitourinary anomalies are the most common primary diseases leading to kidney failure, many with urological issues. Early urological evaluation for post-transplant bladder dysfunction and emphasis on immunization adherence are the mainstays of pediatric pretransplant and post-transplant evaluations...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227806/this-month-in-pediatric-urology
#6
Julian Wan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223859/outcome-of-pediatric-renal-transplantation-in-urological-versus-non-urological-causes-of-end-stage-renal-disease-does-it-matter
#7
Ahmed Aly Hussein, Ahmed Ismail Shoukry, Fatina Fadel, Hani Abdel-Raouf Morsi, Hussein Aly Hussein, Mostafa Sheba, Nada El-Khateeb, Waseem Abou-El Ela, Mohamed El-Sheemy, Kareem Daw, Ahmed Shouman, Amr Lotfy, Hisham Badawy, Mohamed Eissa
INTRODUCTION: Causes for end stage renal disease (ESRD) in children can be categorized into urological causes or non-urological causes. We sought to compare the outcomes of urological and non-urological causes of ESRD in children. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: urological causes of ESRD versus non-urological causes of ESRD. All patients and donors had at least 6 months of follow-up. The main outcomes included the effect on complications and renal function...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221617/minor-procedure-major-impact-patient-reported-outcomes-following-urethral-meatotomy
#8
Briony K Varda, Tanya Logvinenko, Stuart Bauer, Bartley Cilento, Richard N Yu, Caleb P Nelson
INTRODUCTION: Urethral meatotomy as treatment for meatal stenosis is a common pediatric urology procedure; however, little is known about the patient experience following this procedure. OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate clinical factors associated with patient-reported symptom improvement after urethral meatotomy. STUDY DESIGN: The families of boys undergoing urethral meatotomy between 2/2013 and 8/2016 received a survey by mail 6 weeks after surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212494/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-children-with-renal-failure-in-the-pediatric-ward-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-cameroon
#9
Marie Patrice Halle, Carine Tsou Lapsap, Esther Barla, Hermine Fouda, Hilaire Djantio, Beatrice Kaptue Moudze, Christophe Adjahoung Akazong, Eugene Belley Priso
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nephrology is challenging in developing countries and data on the burden of kidney disease in children is difficult to estimate due to absence of renal registries. We aimed to describe the epidemiology and outcomes of children with renal failure in Cameroon. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 103 medical records of children from 0 to 17 years with renal failure admitted in the Pediatric ward of the Douala General Hospital from 2004 to 2013...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211359/continent-catheterizable-conduits-in-pediatric-urology-one-center-experience
#10
Paweł Kroll, Ewa Gajewska, Jacek Zachwieja, Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka, Maciej Micker, Andrzej Jankowski
BACKGROUND: Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is a standard treatment for patients who are unable to empty the bladder. In the absence of the urethra or if catheterization through the urethra is problematic, a continent vesicostomy is used as a catheterizable conduit. The Malone procedure is an established treatment option for children with neurogenic constipation and fecal incontinence. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the authors' experience with continent catheterizable conduits (CCCs) in children, to review the results and to determine the efficacy of the technique, with an emphasis on continence and the need for revision...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180198/surgical-tray-optimization-as-a-simple-means-to-decrease-perioperative-costs
#11
James S Farrelly, Crystal Clemons, Sherri Witkins, Walter Hall, Emily R Christison-Lagay, Doruk E Ozgediz, Robert A Cowles, David H Stitelman, Michael G Caty
BACKGROUND: Health care spending in the US remains excessively high. Aside from complicated, large-scale efforts at health care cost reduction, there are still relatively simple ways in which individual hospitals can cut unnecessary costs from everyday operations. Inspired by recent publications, our group sought to decrease the costs associated with surgical instrument processing at a large, multihospital academic center. METHODS: This was a single-site observational study conducted at a large academic medical center...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174941/is-delayed-phase-ct-imaging-necessary-after-blunt-renal-trauma-in-children
#12
Molly E Fuchs, Nicholas Beecroft, Daniel G Dajusta, Daryl J McLeod
Objectives To characterize the utilization of delayed phase computed tomography (CT) imaging in blunt renal trauma and determine if the omission of delayed phase CT imaging affected clinical outcomes in children. Methods A prospectively collected trauma database was reviewed between 2006 and 2016 to identify patients ≤21 years of age with a diagnosis of renal injury from blunt trauma. Demographic characteristics, injury grade, injury severity score (ISS), non-kidney organ injuries, radiologic studies, and clinical course were reviewed...
November 23, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174378/standardization-of-pediatric-uroradiological-terms-a-multidisciplinary-european-glossary
#13
Pierre-Hugues Vivier, Thomas A Augdal, Fred E Avni, Justine Bacchetta, Rolf Beetz, Anna K Bjerre, Johan Blickman, Pierre Cochat, Rosana Coppo, Beatrice Damasio, Kassa Darge, Alaa El-Ghoneimi, Piet Hoebeke, Göran Läckgren, Marc-David Leclair, Maria-Luisa Lobo, Gianantonio Manzoni, Stephen D Marks, Girolamo Mattioli, Hans-Joachim Mentzel, Pierre Mouriquand, Tryggve Nevéus, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Lil-Sofie Ording-Muller, Josef Oswald, Frederica Papadopoulou, Gabriella Porcellini, Ekkehard Ring, Wolfgang Rösch, Ana F Teixeira, Michael Riccabona
To promote the standardization of nephro-uroradiological terms used in children, the European Society of Pediatric Radiology uroradiology taskforce wrote a detailed glossary. This work has been subsequently submitted to European experts in pediatric urology and nephrology for discussion and acceptance to improve the quality of radiological reports and communication among different clinicians involved in pediatric urology and nephrology.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170077/5-years-after-introduction-of-a-transition-protocol-an-evaluation-of-transition-care-for-patients-with-chronic-bladder-conditions
#14
A Harhuis, H Cobussen-Boekhorst, W Feitz, B Kortmann
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, more attention has been given to the transition of adolescents in urological care. In 2010, the current team investigated the needs of children with chronic bladder conditions, in preparation for transfer to adult care. A transition protocol was developed and implemented. The current study evaluated current transition care, in order to further improve the transition process. OBJECTIVE: To give insight into the current transition care of adolescents with chronic bladder conditions since the introduction of a transition protocol in 2011...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162327/e-learning-teaches-attendings-how-to-objectively-assess-pediatric-urology-trainees-surgery-skills-for-orchiopexy
#15
Nicolas Fernandez, Max Maizels, Walid Farhat, Edwin Smith, Dennis Liu, Michael Chua, Yasin Bhanji
INTRODUCTION: Established methods to train pediatric urology surgery by residency training programs require updating in response to administrative changes such as new, reduced trainee duty hours. Therefore, new objective methods must be developed to teach trainees. We approached this need by creating e-learning to teach attendings objective assessment of trainee skills using the Zwisch scale, an established assessment tool. The aim of this study was to identify whether or not e-learning is an appropriate platform for effective teaching of this assessment tool, by assessing inter-rater correlation of assessments made by the attendings after participation in the e-learning...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154793/trends-in-urologic-indications-for-pediatric-renal-transplantation-over-a-27-year-period-unos-database
#16
Pankaj Dangle, Utsav Bansal, Rajeev Chaudhry, Glenn M Cannon, Francis X Schneck, Michael C Ost
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the trends in urological causes for renal transplant in the pediatric population using a national database. Little is known about the specific pediatric urologic conditions and resultant trends that precede renal transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database for pediatric patients (<18 years old) who underwent renal transplantation from January 1988- September 2015. We included those patients who received a renal transplant due to a urologic condition...
November 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154759/radiation-exposure-in-pediatric-urology-patients-how-to-adhere-to%C3%A2-alara
#17
EDITORIAL
Michael C Ost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149429/population-analysis-of-predictors-of-difficult-intubation-with-direct-laryngoscopy-in-pediatric-patients-with-and-without-thyroid-disease
#18
Aalap C Shah, William C K Ng, Sean Sinnott, Joseph P Cravero
PURPOSE: There are no data on the prevalence and predictors of difficult intubation (DI) in pediatric patients with thyroid disease. This study (1) assesses the prevalence of DI in patients with thyroid disease undergoing elective operations, (2) identifies other predictors of DI in children, and (3) evaluates the effect of DI on postoperative care and length-of-stay. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort analysis of procedures in patients assigned with an ICD-9 code for thyroid disease between June 2012 and February 2016...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138893/standardization-of-pediatric-uroradiological-terms-a-multidisciplinary-european-glossary
#19
REVIEW
Pierre-Hugues Vivier, Thomas A Augdal, Fred E Avni, Justine Bacchetta, Rolf Beetz, Anna K Bjerre, Johan Blickman, Pierre Cochat, Rosana Coppo, Beatrice Damasio, Kassa Darge, Alaa El-Ghoneimi, Piet Hoebeke, Göran Läckgren, Marc-David Leclair, Maria-Luisa Lobo, Gianantonio Manzoni, Stephen D Marks, Girolamo Mattioli, Hans-Joachim Mentzel, Pierre Mouriquand, Tryggve Nevéus, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Lil-Sofie Ording-Muller, Josef Oswald, Frederica Papadopoulou, Gabriella Porcellini, Ekkehard Ring, Wolfgang Rösch, Ana F Teixeira, Michael Riccabona
To promote the standardization of nephro-uroradiological terms used in children, the European Society of Paediatric Radiology uroradiology taskforce wrote a detailed glossary. This work has been subsequently submitted to European experts in pediatric urology and nephrology for discussion and acceptance to improve the quality of radiological reports and communication between different clinicians involved in pediatric urology and nephrology.
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133170/hydronephrosis-and-crossing-vessels-in-children-optimization-of-diagnostic-therapeutic-pathway-and-analysis-of-color-doppler-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-urography-diagnostic-accuracy
#20
M C Y Wong, G Piaggio, M B Damasio, C Molinelli, S M Ferretti, A Pistorio, G Ghiggeri, M L Degl'Innocenti, A Canepa, V Incarbone, G Mattioli
INTRODUCTION: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is one of the most frequent urological diseases affecting the pediatric population. It can be due to both intrinsic stenosis of the junction and extrinsic causes such as the presence of crossing vessels (CVs), which can be detected by color Doppler ultrasound (CD-US). Magnetic resonance urography (MRU) is a good alternative, but sedation and infusion of a contrast agent are required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of CD-US and MRU in visualizing CVs in pediatric hydronephrosis, in order to decide the correct diagnostic pathway in the pre-operative phase...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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