keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

breastfeeding and obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434193/mediators-of-socioeconomic-differences-in-adiposity-among-youth-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
M K Gebremariam, N Lien, R A Nianogo, O A Arah
BACKGROUND: Youth with a low socioeconomic position in developed countries are at a disproportionately higher risk of being overweight or obese than their counterparts. Tackling these inequalities requires that the mechanisms behind them are well understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to summarize existing evidence regarding the factors that mediate or contribute to the explanation of the relationship between socioeconomic position and adiposity among youth...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434072/risk-factors-for-childhood-obesity-do-the-birth-weight-type-of-delivery-and-mother-s-overweight-have-an-implication-on-current-weight-status
#2
Aysel Vehapoglu, Nilufer Goknar, Ozden Turel, Emel Torun, Gamze Ozgurhan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors, including the type of delivery, breastfeeding and its duration, birth weight, the timing of solid food introduction, the mother's education level at birth, and smoking status during pregnancy, that are associated with obesity in children living in Istanbul. METHODS: This study involving 4990 healthy children aged 2-14 years, at an outpatient clinic in a tertiary care hospital from June 2012 to July 2014...
April 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427273/association-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-duration-with-systemic-inflammation-markers-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Laura Sinausía, Javier S Perona
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding duration has been associated with less low-grade inflammation in healthy adolescents, but there is scarce information regarding obese subjects. This study aimed to evaluate whether exclusive breastfeeding is related to serum concentrations of inflammatory markers in a population of Spanish adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was performed on 1,001 adolescents (13.2 ± 1.2 years) randomly recruited from schools in southeast Spain...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398851/breastfeeding-reduces-childhood-obesity-risks
#4
Liang Wang, Candice Collins, Melanie Ratliff, Bin Xie, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the effects of breastfeeding and its duration on the development of childhood obesity from 24 months through grade 6. METHODS: U.S. longitudinal data collected from 1234 children were analyzed using logistic regression models and generalized estimating equation (GEE). Child height and weight were measured six times at ages of 24 months, 36 months, 54 months, grade 1, grade 3, and grade 6. RESULTS: During the early 1990s, prevalence of breastfeeding was low in the United States, 60% and 48% at 1 and 6 months, respectively...
February 22, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387884/the-probiotics-in-dentistry-a-narrative-review
#5
A M Pujia, M Costacurta, L Fortunato, G Merra, S Cascapera, M Calvani, S Gratteri
The total number of microbes that colonize the human body is far greater than the number of cells that make it up. In recent years, it has been shown that bacteria play an essential role in the body; in fact, they are essential for the maturation of the intestine, the development and control of the immune system, the development of the brain, the metabolism of macronutrients, the synthesis of vitamins, and the energy balance. Bacteria play an essential role in defense of their territory against the entry of other bacteria that may be pathogenic to health...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381231/exposure-to-household-furry-pets-influences-the-gut-microbiota-of-infant-at-3-4%C3%A2-months-following-various-birth-scenarios
#6
Hein M Tun, Theodore Konya, Tim K Takaro, Jeffrey R Brook, Radha Chari, Catherine J Field, David S Guttman, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Padmaja Subbarao, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, Anita L Kozyrskyj
BACKGROUND: Early-life exposure to household pets has the capacity to reduce risk for overweight and allergic disease, especially following caesarean delivery. Since there is some evidence that pets also alter the gut microbial composition of infants, changes to the gut microbiome are putative pathways by which pet exposure can reduce these risks to health. To investigate the impact of pre- and postnatal pet exposure on infant gut microbiota following various birth scenarios, this study employed a large subsample of 746 infants from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development Study (CHILD) cohort, whose mothers were enrolled during pregnancy between 2009 and 2012...
April 6, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367583/does-the-early-introduction-of-solids-promote-obesity
#7
Brian Symon, Georgina E Crichton, Beverly Muhlhausler
Childhood obesity is a major public health challenge across the developed world, and understanding the modifiable factors that contribute to it is vital. The influence of early-life nutrition on predisposition to later obesity and metabolic disease is now well established. Much research has concentrated on the preventative effects of breastfeeding in relation to childhood obesity risk, but the optimal timing of introducing solid foods has received far less attention. This remains a much-debated and contentious issue, with differing guidelines from international bodies, causing confusion among parents...
April 3, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338750/association-of-maternal-plasma-folate-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-pregnancy-with-elevated-blood-pressure-of-offspring-in-childhood
#8
Hongjian Wang, Noel T Mueller, Jianping Li, Ninglin Sun, Yong Huo, Fazheng Ren, Xiaobin Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood elevated blood pressure (BP) has increased in the United States, particularly among African Americans. The influence of maternal plasma folate levels, alone or in combination with maternal cardiometabolic risk factors (hypertensive disorders, diabetes, and prepregnancy obesity), on child systolic BP (SBP) has not been examined in a prospective birth cohort. We hypothesize that adequate maternal folate levels can reduce the risk of elevated SBP in children born to mothers with cardiometabolic risk factors...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337028/modifiable-risk-factors-of-maternal-postpartum-weight-retention-an-analysis-of-their-combined-impact-and-potential-opportunities-for-prevention
#9
J L Hollis, S R Crozier, H M Inskip, C Cooper, K M Godfrey, N C Harvey, C E Collins, S M Robinson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy triggers a physiological change in weight status. Postpartum weight retention in the childbearing years can substantially alter a woman's weight gain trajectory, with several potential contributing factors identified. Most research has relied on women's recall of pre-pregnancy weight during pregnancy or later, and not considered risk factors in combination. Using measured pre-pregnancy weight, this study aimed to examine the associations of maternal postpartum weight retention with parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), maternal serum vitamin D concentration and dietary Glycaemic Index in early and late pregnancy and breastfeeding duration, including analysis of the combined impact of potentially modifiable risk factors...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#10
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315897/complementary-feeding-in-an-obesogenic-environment-behavioral-and-dietary-quality-outcomes-and-interventions
#11
Lynne Allison Daniels
The WHO infant feeding guidelines, including those for complementary feeding (CF), are very prescriptive, largely based on the outcomes of exclusive breastfeeding, and have a bias towards undernutrition. Consideration of longer-term outcomes related to overnutrition, the predominant nutrition problem in affluent countries, is limited. Compared to the ongoing and often zealous debates regarding the short- and long-term benefits of exclusive breastfeeding to 6 months in affluent countries, exposures (particularly feeding practices) and outcomes related to CF, independent of exclusive breastfeeding, have received little attention...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315883/complementary-foods-guidelines-and-practices
#12
Merryn J Netting, Maria Makrides
Complementary feeding, the transition from a breast milk-based diet to inclusion of other sources of nutrition in an infant's diet, is a major milestone in infant development. This transition period is important as it is a time when infants are vulnerable to developing nutritional deficiencies and occurs during a developmental stage when important food-related behavioral patterns are being established. As under- and overnutrition may coexist in children from the same country, it is important that advice provided by complementary feeding guidelines meets the needs of all children helping them to grow and develop into healthy adults...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315860/determinants-and-duration-of-impact-of-early-gut-bacterial-colonization
#13
Christine Ann Edwards
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies show low diversity of the gut microbiome in those with chronic diseases such as obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, and allergy. Manipulation of the microbiota may promote health. However, the adult microbiota is stable and may be difficult to change. Understanding the fixed and modifiable factors, which determine colonization in early life, may provide strategies for acquisition of a health-promoting microbiome. SUMMARY: Not enough is known about the long-term effects of established determinants of gut colonization, including delivery mode, perinatal antibiotics, and infant diet...
March 18, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315857/risk-factors-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-2-6-years
#14
Meda Kondolot, Serpil Poyrazoğlu, Duygu Horoz, Arda Borlu, Canan Altunay, Elcin Balcı, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Understanding risk factors that may vary culturally can help improve preventive strategies for obesity. This is the first cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors for overweight/obesity in children aged 2-6 years in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 1582 children (1351 healthy, 231 overweight/obese) aged 2-6 years were included from the Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years database. Age, gender, birth weight, birth order, mother's age, mother's body mass index (BMI), weight gain of mothers during pregnancy, presence of gestational diabetes, breastfeeding duration, history of formula feeding, mother's and father's education, mother's job, monthly income, smoking at home and physical activity, sleep duration and duration of television (TV) watching of the children were evaluated as independent risk factors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303690/greater-early-weight-gain-and-shorter-breastfeeding-are-associated-with-low-adolescent-adiponectin-levels
#15
M Reyes, R Burrows, E Blanco, B Lozoff, S Gahagan
BACKGROUND: Early life factors can programme future risk for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: We explored associations between adolescent adiponectin levels and concomitant metabolic alteration and also looked at the association between early life factors and adolescent adiponectin levels. METHODS: We studied a longitudinal cohort of low-income to middle-income Chilean adolescents who were enroled in an infancy iron-deficiency anaemia preventive trial and follow-up studies at the Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile...
March 16, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301833/persistent-environmental-toxicants-in-breast-milk-and-rapid-infant-growth
#16
Rachel Criswell, Virissa Lenters, Siddhartha Mandal, Hein Stigum, Nina Iszatt, Merete Eggesbø
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many environmental toxicants are passed to infants in utero and through breast milk. Exposure to toxicants during the perinatal period can alter growth patterns, impairing growth or increasing obesity risk. Previous studies have focused on only a few toxicants at a time, which may confound results. We investigated levels of 26 toxicants in breast milk and their associations with rapid infant growth, a risk factor for later obesity. METHODS: We used data from the Norwegian HUMIS study, a multi-center cohort of 2,606 mothers and newborns enrolled between 2002 and 2008...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299906/influence-of-infant-feeding-patterns-over-the-first-year-of-life-on-growth-from-birth-to-5%C3%A2-years
#17
A Betoko, S Lioret, B Heude, R Hankard, S Carles, A Forhan, N Regnault, J Botton, M A Charles, B de Lauzon-Guillain
OBJECTIVES: As early-life feeding experiences may influence later health, we aimed to examine relations between feeding patterns over the first year of life and child's growth in the first 5 years of life. METHODS: Our analysis included 1022 children from the EDEN mother-child cohort. Three feeding patterns were previously identified, i.e. 'Later dairy products introduction and use of ready-prepared baby foods' (pattern-1), 'Long breastfeeding, later main meal food introduction and use of home-made foods' (pattern-2) and 'Use of ready-prepared adult foods' (pattern-3)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296240/hiv-positive-malawian-women-with-young-children-prefer-overweight-body-sizes-and-link-underweight-body-size-with-inability-to-exclusively-breastfeed
#18
Samantha E Croffut, Gloria Hamela, Innocent Mofolo, Suzanne Maman, Mina C Hosseinipour, Irving F Hoffman, Margaret E Bentley, Valerie L Flax
Before the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program was widely implemented in Malawi, HIV-positive women associated exclusive breastfeeding with accelerated disease progression and felt that an HIV-positive woman could more successfully breastfeed if she had a larger body size. The relationship between breastfeeding practices and body image perceptions has not been explored in the context of the Option B+ PMTCT program, which offers lifelong antiretroviral therapy. We conducted in-depth interviews with 64 HIV-positive women in Lilongwe District, Malawi to investigate body size perceptions, how perceptions of HIV and body size influence infant feeding practices, and differences in perceptions among women in PMTCT and those lost to follow-up...
March 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273036/status-report-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-in-canada-an-integrative-assessment
#19
Deepa P Rao, Erin Kropac, Minh T Do, Karen C Roberts, Gayatri C Jayaraman
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a complex risk factor for chronic disease that is associated with a number of socioecological determinants. In this status report, we provide an overview of the socioecological framework that is now guiding our ongoing surveillance efforts in the area of childhood overweight and obesity. This framework considers individual risk and protective factors (sociodemographic, lifestyle, psychosocial and early-life) through the lens of the life stage, levels of influence and environments in which these factors play a role...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242860/targeting-sleep-food-and-activity-in-infants-for-obesity-prevention-an-rct
#20
Barry J Taylor, Andrew R Gray, Barbara C Galland, Anne-Louise M Heath, Julie Lawrence, Rachel M Sayers, Sonya Cameron, Maha Hanna, Kelly Dale, Kirsten J Coppell, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVE: The few existing early-life obesity prevention initiatives have concentrated on nutrition and physical activity, with little examination of sleep. METHODS: This community-based, randomized controlled trial allocated 802 pregnant women (≥16 years, <34 weeks' gestation) to: control, FAB (food, activity, and breastfeeding), sleep, or combination (both interventions) groups. All groups received standard well-child care. FAB participants received additional support (8 contacts) promoting breastfeeding, healthy eating, and physical activity (antenatal-18 months)...
February 27, 2017: Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
34797
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"