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breastfeeding and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903109/does-breastfeeding-shape-food-preferences-links-to-obesity
#1
Alison K Ventura
The first 2 years of life have been recognized as a critical window for obesity prevention efforts. This period is characterized by rapid growth and development and, in a relatively short period of time, a child transitions from a purely milk-based diet to a more varied solid-food diet. Much learning about food and eating occurs during this critical window, and it is well-documented that early feeding and dietary exposures predict later food preferences, eating behaviors, and dietary patterns. The focus of this review will be on the earliest feeding experiences - breast- and formula-feeding - and the unique role of breastfeeding in shaping children's food preferences...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898311/-breastfeeding-gross-motor-development-and-obesity-is-there-any-causal-association
#2
Gerardo Weisstaub N, Luisa Schonhaut B, Gabriela Salazar R
Childhood obesity is the main nutritional and public health problem in Chile, being the principal causes, the increase in energy dense foods and the decline of physical activity. Interventions to prevent obesity at infancy are focused mainly in improving quality and quantity of dietary intake, without taking into account physical activity, which is expressed under two years of age, mainly by motor development. Some studies have proven that motor development at early age, may influence the ability to perform physical activity...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885859/interventions-designed-to-promote-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-update
#3
Helen Skouteris, Cate Bailey, Cate Nagle, Yvonne Hauck, Lauren Bruce, Heather Morris
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, women seldom reach the recommended target of exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months postpartum. The aim of the current study was to update a previously published review that presented a conceptual and methodological synthesis of interventions designed to promote exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months in high-income countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of leading databases was conducted for scholarly, peer-reviewed, randomized controlled trials published from June 2013 to December 2016...
September 8, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880840/implementation-of-best-practices-in-obesity-prevention-in-child-care-facilities-the-arizona-empower-program-2013-2015
#4
Jillian Papa, Joan Agostinelli, Gertrudes Rodriguez, Deborah Robinson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major health concern in every US age group. Approximately one in 4 children in Arizona's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children is overweight or obese. The Arizona Department of Health Services developed the Empower program to promote healthy environments in licensed child care facilities. The program consists of 10 standards, including one standard for each of these 5 areas: physical activity and screen time, breastfeeding, fruit juice and water, family-style meals, and staff training...
September 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872892/prepregnancy-body-mass-index-shift-across-gestation-an-association-with-breastfeeding-practices
#5
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesco Cavallin, Pietro Guerrini, Martina Bertin, Gianluca Straface
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that mother's obesity and underweight are major risk factors for reduced initiation, duration, and exclusivity of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: We compared breastfeeding practices from discharge until the third postnatal month in women, accounting to prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and its shift across gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Data on maternal shifts in BMI category from prepregnancy to gestational BMI by gestational weight gain (GWG) were defined according to 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines...
September 5, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868814/exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-infant-adiposity-at-age-5%C3%A2-months-in-the-healthy-start-study
#6
B F Moore, K A Sauder, A P Starling, B M Ringham, D H Glueck, D Dabelea
BACKGROUND: Infant adiposity may be influenced by several environmental risk factors, but few studies have explored these interactions. OBJECTIVE: To examine the interaction between exposure to secondhand smoke and breastfeeding exclusivity on adiposity at age 5 months. METHODS: We studied 813 mother-offspring pairs from the longitudinal Healthy Start study. Fat mass and fat-free mass were measured by air displacement plethysmography. Linear regression analyses were used to estimate the association between household smokers (none, any) with fat mass, fat-free mass, percent fat mass, weight-for-age z-score, weight-for-length z-score and BMI-for-age z-score as separate outcomes...
August 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863267/obesity-as-a-predictor-of-delayed-lactogenesis-ii
#7
Irma Preusting, Jessica Brumley, Linda Odibo, Diane L Spatz, Judette M Louis
BACKGROUND: Lactogenesis II is the onset of copious milk production. A delay in this has been associated with an increased risk of formula supplementation and early cessation of breastfeeding. Prepregnancy obesity has also been associated with decreased breastfeeding rates and early cessation. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of prepregnancy obesity on self-reported delayed lactogenesis II. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of 216 women with a singleton pregnancy and who planned to breastfeed...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858606/improving-nutrition-and-physical-activity-policies-and-practices-in-early-care-and-education-in-three-states-2014-2016
#8
Teresa M Smith, Casey Blaser, Cristy Geno-Rasmussen, Julie Shuell, Catherine Plumlee, Tony Gargano, Amy L Yaroch
The National Early Care and Education Learning Collaboratives (ECELC) project aims to facilitate best practices in nutrition, physical activity, screen time, and breastfeeding support and infant feeding among early care and education (ECE) programs across multiple states. The project uses a train-the-trainer approach with 5, in-person learning-collaborative sessions, technical assistance, and action planning. We describe the longitudinal practice-based evaluation of the project and assess whether ECE programs evaluated (n = 104) sustained changes in policies and practices 1 year after completing the project...
August 31, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783113/-omics-in-human-colostrum-and-mature-milk-looking-to-old-data-with-new-eyes
#9
REVIEW
Flaminia Bardanzellu, Vassilios Fanos, Alessandra Reali
Human Milk (HM) is the best source for newborn nutrition until at least six months; it exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-infective functions, promotes immune system formation and supports organ development. Breastfeeding could also protect from obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, human colostrum (HC) presents a peculiar role in newborn support as a protective effect against allergic and chronic diseases, in addition to long-term metabolic benefits. In this review, we discuss the recent literature regarding "omics" technologies and growth factors (GF) in HC and the effects of pasteurization on its composition...
August 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775373/association-of-maternal-gestational-weight-gain-with-their-offspring-s-anthropometric-outcomes-at-late-infancy-and-6-years-old-mediating-roles-of-birth-weight-and-breastfeeding-duration
#10
J X Liu, X Xu, J H Liu, J W Hardin, R Li
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies examining the potential mediating roles of birth weight and breastfeeding duration on the pathways between maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) and offspring anthropometric outcomes are lacking. METHODS: We analyzed data from the mother-child pairs in the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (IFPS II) in late infancy (n=1 548) and at the year six follow-up (n=1 514) study. Child anthropometrics included age- and sex-specific Z scores for weight-for-age (WAZ), height/length-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-height/length (WHZ), and body mass index (BMIZ)...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767287/feeding-practices-and-infant-growth-quantifying-the-effects-of-breastfeeding-termination-and-complementary-food-introduction-on-bmi-z-score-growth-velocity-through-growth-curve-models
#11
Mildred A Horodynski, Steven J Pierce, David Reyes-Gastelum, Beth Olson, Mackenzie Shattuck
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding practices are a focus of early obesity prevention. We tested whether infant growth velocity increased after breastfeeding termination and complementary food introduction. METHODS: Our secondary analysis included a sample of 547 mother-infant dyads from a longitudinal randomized controlled trial conducted in Michigan and Colorado. Infant anthropometrics at birth, baseline, and 6- and 12-month follow-up were standardized to BMI-for-age z-score (ZBMI) according to World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts...
August 2, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760080/a-comparison-of-breastfeeding-rates-by-obesity-class
#12
Naila Ramji, Satyadeva Challa, Phil A Murphy, James Quinlan, Joan M G Crane
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare breastfeeding initiation rates for women across body mass index (BMI) classes, including normal BMI (18.50-24.99 kg/m(2)), overweight (25.00-29.99 kg/m(2)), obese (30.00-39.99 kg/m(2)), morbidly obese (40.00-49.99 kg/m(2)) and extreme obesity (≥50.00 kg/m(2)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort of women with singleton pregnancies, delivering in St. John's, NL between 2002 and 2011. The primary outcome was any breastfeeding on hospital discharge...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758369/early-life-factors-obesity-risk-and-the-metabolome-of-young-adults
#13
Sebastian Rauschert, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Peter Jacoby, Olaf Uhl, Berthold Koletzko, Wendy H Oddy, Christian Hellmuth
OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases such as obesity have become a serious global public health epidemic. This study aimed to examine whether there was an association between early life factors (with a special focus on breastfeeding) BMI, waist circumference, and the metabolome in offspring at 20 years. METHODS: Data from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study were analyzed using 1,024 plasma samples from the 20-year follow-up. A liquid chromatography, tandem mass spectrometry metabolomics approach was used to measure metabolites...
July 31, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751763/modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-first-1000-days-for-subsequent-risk-of-childhood-overweight-in-an-asian-cohort-significance-of-parental-overweight-status
#14
I M Aris, J Y Bernard, L-W Chen, M T Tint, W W Pang, S E Soh, S-M Saw, L P Shek, K M Godfrey, P D Gluckman, Y-S Chong, F Yap, M S Kramer, Y S Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Many studies have identified early-life risk factors for subsequent childhood overweight/obesity, but few have evaluated how they combine to influence risk of childhood overweight/obesity. We examined associations, individually and in combination, of potentially modifiable risk factors in the first 1000 days after conception with childhood adiposity and risk of overweight/obesity in an Asian cohort. METHODS: Six risk factors were examined: maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity (body mass index (BMI) ⩾25 kg m(-2)), paternal overweight/obesity at 24 months post delivery, maternal excessive gestational weight gain, raised maternal fasting glucose during pregnancy (⩾5...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751299/personalized-web-based-advice-in-combination-with-well-child-visits-to-prevent-overweight-in-young-children-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Amy van Grieken, Eline Vlasblom, Lu Wang, Maaike Beltman, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Monique P L'Hoir, Hein Raat
BACKGROUND: Overweight is a major health issue, and parent-targeted interventions to promote healthy development in children are needed. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate E-health4Uth Healthy Toddler, an intervention that educates parents of children aged 18 to 24 months regarding health-related behaviors, as compared with usual care. The effect of this intervention on the following primary outcomes was evaluated when the children were 36 months of age: health-related behaviors (breakfast daily, activity and outside play, sweetened beverage consumption, television (TV) viewing and computer time), body mass index (BMI), and the prevalence of overweight and obesity...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743192/searching-for-evidence-of-an-anti-inflammatory-diet-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-for-pediatric-obesity-interventions-with-a-focus-on-leptin-ghrelin-and-adiponectin
#16
Kimberly A Lewis, Sharon A Brown
PROBLEM: To address the complex phenomenon of pediatric obesity, one must understand the physiological mechanisms regulating energy intake and inflammation. The peptide hormones leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin are involved in both, but their functions are dysregulated in obesity. The purpose of this systematic review is (1) to characterize studies of nutrition interventions for weight management in children who measure these peptides as outcomes, (2) to assess risk of bias in the studies, and (3) to determine the relationships between these peptides and body mass index (BMI)...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725256/the-effect-of-high-intensity-breastfeeding-on-postpartum-glucose-tolerance-in-women-with-recent-gestational-diabetes
#17
Ichiro Yasuhi, Tomoko Soda, Hiroshi Yamashita, Atsuko Urakawa, Mihoko Izumi, Yukari Kugishima, Yasushi Umezaki
BACKGROUND: Although breastfeeding is expected to reduce the incidence of diabetes in women with gestational diabetes, the effect has not been clearly confirmed. We examined whether or not high-intensity breastfeeding reduces the incidence of abnormal glucose tolerance and investigated the effect of high-intensity breastfeeding on insulin resistance during the first year postpartum in Japanese women with current gestational diabetes. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included women with gestational diabetes who underwent postpartum 75 g oral glucose tolerance test during the first year (12-14 months) postpartum from 2009 to 2011 at a single tertiary perinatal care center in Japan...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712346/a-model-averaging-approach-for-estimating-propensity-scores-by-optimizing-balance
#18
Yuying Xie, Yeying Zhu, Cecilia A Cotton, Pan Wu
Many approaches, including traditional parametric modeling and machine learning techniques, have been proposed to estimate propensity scores. This paper describes a new model averaging approach to propensity score estimation in which parametric and nonparametric estimates are combined to achieve covariate balance. Simulation studies are conducted across different scenarios varying in the degree of interactions and nonlinearities in the treatment model. The results show that, based on inverse probability weighting, the proposed propensity score estimator produces less bias and smaller standard errors than existing approaches...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711955/the-effect-of-early-feeding-practices-on-growth-indices-and-obesity-at-preschool-children-from-four-european-countries-and-uk-schoolchildren-and-adolescents
#19
George Moschonis, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Louise Jones, Andreia Oliveira, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Louiza Damianidi, Sandrine Lioret, Pedro Moreira, Carla Lopes, Pauline Emmett, Marie Aline Charles, Yannis Manios
Not only healthy growth but also childhood obesity partly originate from early life. The current work aimed to examine the association of feeding practices during infancy with growth and adiposity indices in preschool children from four European countries and in UK schoolchildren and adolescents. Existing data from four European birth cohorts (ALSPAC-UK, EDEN-France, EuroPrevall-Greece and Generation XXI-Portugal) were used. Anthropometrics and body composition indices were collected. Parallel multivariate regression analyses were performed to examine the research hypothesis...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707388/the-associations-of-large-for-gestational-age-and-infant-feeding-practices-with-children-s-body-mass-index-z-score-trajectories-the-early-childhood-longitudinal-study-birth-cohort
#20
M Salahuddin, A Pérez, N Ranjit, D M Hoelscher, S H Kelder
Very few studies have examined if high birth weight and infant feeding practices have implications for the trajectory of body mass index (BMI) growth across the early childhood period. The goal of this study was to assess if large-for-gestational-age (LGA) and infant feeding practices (exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, and early introduction of complementary food prior to 4 months) are associated with BMI z-score trajectories over the early childhood period. Group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) methods were employed to describe and classify developmental BMI z-score trajectories (the outcome of interest) in children from 9 months to 4 years of age (n = 4497) born to prenatal non-smoking mothers in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (2001-2005)...
October 2017: Clinical Obesity
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