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breastfeeding and obesity

Cameryn C Garrett, Michelle Azimov, Khozema Campwala, Maria Sarmiento, Kristen Faye Linton
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an active area in public health advocacy. Despite documented benefits for infants and mothers, exclusive breastfeeding is not universal. Ethnicity, among other variables, has been shown to influence breastfeeding practice. Research aim: Our study aimed to determine which variables are associated with infant feeding patterns at the postpartum visit; compare the sociodemographic variables associated with infant feeding patterns between Hispanic and non-Hispanic mothers; and determine the odds of exclusive breastfeeding, mixed feeding, and exclusive formula feeding associated with sociodemographic characteristics...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Lisa F Stinson, Matthew S Payne, Jeffrey A Keelan
Numerous studies suggest that infants delivered by cesarean section are at a greater risk of non-communicable diseases than their vaginal counterparts. In particular, epidemiological studies have linked Cesarean delivery with increased rates of asthma, allergies, autoimmune disorders, and obesity. Mode of delivery has also been associated with differences in the infant microbiome. It has been suggested that these differences are attributable to the "bacterial baptism" of vaginal birth, which is bypassed in cesarean deliveries, and that the abnormal establishment of the early-life microbiome is the mediator of later-life adverse outcomes observed in cesarean delivered infants...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Kathleen F Gaffney, Albert V Brito, Panagiota Kitsantas, Deborah A Kermer, Graciela Pereddo, Katya M Ramos
PURPOSES: Describe implementation of Institute of Medicine (IOM) early infant feeding recommendations for child obesity prevention by immigrant mothers from Central America; examine potential relationships with food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional, descriptive design, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 318 mothers of 2month old infants at a large pediatric setting for low income families. Logistic regression models assessed feeding practices, food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Seungmi Park, Jung Lim Lee, Jang In Sun, Youngji Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: If the knowledge and health beliefs relating to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are associated with behaviours during pregnancy and lactation, this suggests potential educational interventions. BACKGROUNDS: Women with GDM are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and babies with GDM incur increased risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia and childhood obesity. Breastfeeding is an effective way to improve maternal and lipid metabolism of gestational diabetes mothers, and to lower the risk of T2DM after birth, to prevent conception...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Christiane Spitzmueller, Jing Zhang, Candice L Thomas, Zhuxi Wang, Gwenith G Fisher, Russell A Matthews, Lane Strathearn
For employed mothers of infants, reconciliation of work demands and breastfeeding constitutes a significant challenge. The discontinuation of breastfeeding has the potential to result in negative outcomes for the mother (e.g., higher likelihood of obesity), her employer (e.g., increased absenteeism), and her infant (e.g., increased risk of infection). Given previous research findings identifying return to work as a major risk factor for breastfeeding cessation, we investigate what types of job characteristics relate to women's intentions to breastfeed shortly after giving birth and women's actual breastfeeding initiation and duration...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Luke E Grzeskowiak, Lisa H Amir, Lisa G Smithers
PURPOSE: To examine differences in longer-term breastfeeding outcomes among mothers of preterm infants according to domperidone exposure status, as well as examine the potential for effect modification according to maternal weight. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 198 mothers of very preterm infants (born ≤ 30 weeks' gestation) who initiated breastfeeding and whose infants survived until hospital discharge. Data on domperidone use were obtained from hospital pharmacy records, with the primary outcome defined as continuation of breastfeeding at infant discharge from the Neonatal Unit...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Alexandra L MacMillan Uribe, Beth H Olson
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention is often a significant contributor to overweight and obesity. Lactation is typically not sufficient for mothers to return to pre-pregnancy weight. Modifiable health behaviors (e.g., healthy eating and exercise) are important for postpartum weight loss; however, engagement among mothers, especially those who are resource-limited, is low. A deeper understanding of low-income breastfeeding mothers' healthy-eating and exercise experience, a population that may have unique motivators for health-behavior change, may facilitate creation of effective intervention strategies for these women...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Line Hedegaard Toftlund, Susanne Halken, Lone Agertoft, Gitte Zachariassen
Background: In term-born infants, the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been shown to be associated with formula feeding and early rapid growth. Breastfeeding, however, seems to be associated with a lower risk of MetS among term-born infants. Objective: The possible association between type of early nutrition, early growth, and possible influence on different metabolic outcomes at 6 y of age was investigated in very-preterm-born children. Design: This study is a 6-y follow-up of 281 very-preterm-born infants with a gestational age of ≤32 wk...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Lucia Albers, Christina Sobotzki, Oliver Kuß, Teresa Ajslev, Rosangela Fl Batista, Heloisa Bettiol, Bernard Brabin, Stephen L Buka, Viviane C Cardoso, Vicki L Clifton, Graham Devereux, Stephen E Gilman, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Joachim Heinrich, Sandra Hummel, Geir W Jacobsen, Graeme Jones, Gibby Koshy, Camilla Schmidt Morgen, Emily Oken, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Andrea J Sharma, Antônio Am da Silva, Thorkild Ia Sørensen, Elisabeth Thiering, Stephen Turner, Torstein Vik, Rüdiger von Kries
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A number of meta-analyses suggest an association between any maternal smoking in pregnancy and offspring overweight obesity. Whether there is a dose-response relationship across number of cigarettes and whether this differs by sex remains unclear. SUBJECT/METHODS: Studies reporting number of cigarettes smoked during pregnancy and offspring BMI published up to May 2015 were searched. An individual patient data meta-analysis of association between the number of cigarettes smoked during pregnancy and offspring overweight (defined according to the International Obesity Task Force reference) was computed using a generalized additive mixed model with non-linear effects and adjustment for confounders (maternal weight status, breastfeeding, and maternal education) and stratification for sex...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
O Sirkka, T Vrijkotte, J Halberstadt, M Abrahamse-Berkeveld, T Hoekstra, J Seidell, M Olthof
BACKGROUND: Children with overweight or obesity are at risk for developing obesity in adulthood. Certain maternal characteristics, such as ethnicity, education, body mass index (BMI) or neighbourhood, are determinants for childhood overweight risk. There are large variations in how mothers differing in these characteristics feed their infants. Therefore, associations of age at complementary feeding, exclusive breast feeding duration with childhood overweight may differ in these groups...
April 25, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
E P Gunderson, L C Greenspan, M S Faith, S R Hurston, C P Quesenberry
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding (BF) may protect against obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in children exposed to maternal diabetes in utero, but its effects on infant growth among this high-risk group have rarely been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate BF intensity and duration in relation to infant growth from birth through 12 months among offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Prospective cohort of 464 GDM mother-infant dyads (28% White, 36% Hispanic, 26% Asian, 8% Black, 2% other)...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Rachel A Laws, Elizabeth A Denney-Wilson, Sarah Taki, Catherine G Russell, Miaobing Zheng, Eloise-Kate Litterbach, Kok-Leong Ong, Sharyn J Lymer, Rosalind Elliott, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: The first year of life is an important window to initiate healthy infant feeding practices to promote healthy growth. Interventions delivered by mobile phone (mHealth) provide a novel approach for reaching parents; however, little is known about the effectiveness of mHealth for child obesity prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth obesity prevention intervention in terms of reach, acceptability, and impact on key infant feeding outcomes...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Lara Nasreddine, Jennifer J Ayoub, Ayoub Al Jawaldeh
This situation analysis for the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region focuses on specific nutrition indicators, namely low birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding, under- and overnutrition (anthropometric indicators) and anaemia. The regional average prevalence of low birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding was estimated at 19.31% and 29.3%, respectively. Stunting, wasting and underweight had an average prevalence of 28%, 8.69% and 18%, respectively. Afghanistan, Djibouti, Pakistan, Sudan and Yemen had the highest burden of stunting (> 30%)...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Frankie J Fair, Helen Watson, Rachel Gardner, Hora Soltani
BACKGROUND: The practice of antenatal breast expression (ABE) has been proposed as a strategy to promote successful breastfeeding. Although there has been some focus on the evaluation of the effects of ABE in promotion of breastfeeding, little or no evidence exists on women's experiences of ABE or opinions on ABE, particularly amongst overweight or obese women. METHODS: This study aimed to explore women's knowledge, practices and opinions of ABE, and any differences within the overweight and obese subgroups...
April 4, 2018: Reproductive Health
Sarah Bell, Sarah Siau Yi Yew, Gemma Devenish, Diep Ha, Loc Do, Jane Scott
This study aimed to determine whether breastfeeding duration and the timing of solid food were independently associated with being overweight or obese in early childhood. Subjects were 953 children participating in the Study of Mothers and Infants Life Events Affecting Oral Health (SMILE) birth cohort study, based in Adelaide, Australia. Socio-demographic information and data on breastfeeding duration and age of introduction of solid food were collected at birth, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24 months via mailed or online questionnaires completed by mothers...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
S Lyons, S Currie, S Peters, T Lavender, D M Smith
Breastfeeding can play a key role in the reduction of obesity, but initiation and maintenance rates in women with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥30 kg m-2 are low. Psychological factors influence breastfeeding behaviours in the general population, but their role is not yet understood in women with a BMI ≥30 kg m-2 . Therefore, this review aimed to systematically search and synthesize the literature, which has investigated the association between any psychological factor and breastfeeding behaviour in women with a BMI ≥30 kg m-2 ...
March 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Camilla Schmidt Morgen, Lars Ängquist, Jennifer L Baker, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Kim F Michaelsen
Background: Infant feeding may play an important role in the development of childhood overweight and obesity. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine whether duration of breastfeeding (BF), timing of introduction of complementary food, and protein intake at age 18 mo are associated with body mass index [BMI (measured in kg/m2)] and overweight at ages 7 and 11 y, independent of BMI during infancy. Design: Children participating in the Danish National Birth Cohort were followed up at ages 7 and 11 y...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Geraldine Fh McLeod, David M Fergusson, L John Horwood, Joseph M Boden, Frances A Carter
AIMS: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has become a key challenge for New Zealand. The purpose of the present study was to examine childhood risk factors for adult adiposity in a longitudinal birth cohort. METHODS: Data were gathered from the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS), a birth cohort of 1,265 children born in Christchurch in 1977. Associations were examined between socio-demographic background, perinatal factors, infant and child characteristics, family functioning/child maltreatment and adiposity at ages 30 and 35 years...
March 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Isabel Iguacel, Laura Escartín, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Iris Iglesia, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To explore early life risk factors of overweight/obesity at age 6 years and their cumulative effects on overweight/obesity at ages 2, 4 and 6 years. METHODS: Altogether 1031 Spanish children were evaluated at birth and during a 6-year follow-up. Early life risk factors included: parental overweight/obesity, parental origin/ethnicity, maternal smoking during pregnancy, gestational weight gain, gestational age, birth weight, caesarean section, breastfeeding practices and rapid infant weight gain collected via hospital records...
May 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Cha-Nam Shin, Elizabeth Reifsnider, Darya McClain, Mihyun Jeong, David P McCormick, Michael Moramarco
BACKGROUND: Most Hispanic infants are fed formula during the first 6 weeks, and although 80% of Hispanic women initiate breastfeeding, rates of exclusive breastfeeding are much lower. Research aim: The purpose was to examine the influence of acculturation and cultural values on the breastfeeding practices of pregnant women of Mexican descent participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children who were enrolled in a prospective randomized clinical trial that aimed to reduce child obesity...
May 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
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