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breastfeeding and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076537/risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-and-knowledge-about-the-disease-an-integrative-revision-of-latin-american-studies
#1
Aline Ferreira de Araújo Jerônimo, Ângela Gabrielly Quirino Freitas, Mathias Weller
The aim of this integrative review was to compare Latin American literature about risk and knowledge on breast cancer. Of 47 studies selected, 20 were about knowledge or awareness and 27 about risk of breast cancer. English was the dominant language in studies about risk, whereas studies about knowledge were mainly written in Spanish or Portuguese. Studies about knowledge were all cross- sectional, whereas case- control studies dominated authors' interest about risk of breast cancer. Studies about knowledge were mainly focused on early detection of the disease and the most common study objective was breast self- examination (N = 14)...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068675/nutrition-habits-and-health-outcomes-of-breastfeeding-hiv-positive-mothers-in-the-dschang-health-district-west-region-cameroon
#2
Martin Sanou Sobze, Tsi Kien-Atsu, Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Armand TiotsiaTsapi, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Sali Ben Bechir, Augusto Pana, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
BACKGROUND: Amongst the different at-risk periods for mother-to-child HIV transmission that is, during pregnancy, labor and delivery and breastfeeding, much care and attention needs to be given, not only to the child as concerns its feeding options, but also to the mother. The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional habits and health outcomes of HIV-positive breastfeeding mothers in the Dschang Health District, in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) activities...
September 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063217/maternal-acculturation-and-the-growth-of-impoverished-mexican-american-infants
#3
Linda J Luecken, Shannon L Jewell, David P MacKinnon
OBJECTIVE: Identification of early life risk factors that predispose low-income Hispanic children to obesity is critical. For low-income Mexican American mothers, the cultural context may influence maternal experience and behaviors relevant to infant weight and growth. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 322 low-income Mexican American mother-infant dyads, linear growth modeling examined the relation of maternal acculturation to infant weight gain across the first year and evaluated birth outcomes, breastfeeding, and maternal BMI as mediators...
January 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058732/bromocriptine-treatment-at-the-end-of-lactation-prevents-hyperphagia-higher-visceral-fat-and-liver-triglycerides-in-early-weaned-rats-at-adulthood
#4
Nayara Peixoto-Silva, Egberto G Moura, Janaine C Carvalho, Jéssica L Nobre, Fernanda T Quitete, Cintia R Pinheiro, Ana Paula Santos-Silva, Elaine de Oliveira, Patricia C Lisboa
Non-pharmacological early weaning (NPEW) leads offspring to obesity, higher liver oxidative stress and microsteatosis in adulthood. Pharmacological EW (PEW) by maternal treatment with bromocriptine (BRO) causes obesity in the adult progeny but precludes hepatic injury. To test the hypothesis that BRO prevents the deleterious changes of NPEW, we injected BRO into the pups from the NPEW model on late lactation. Lactating rats were divided into 2 groups: dams with an adhesive bandage around the body to prevent breastfeeding on the last 3 days of lactation and dams whose pups had free suckling (C)...
January 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057118/-the-nutrition-status-of-lactating-women-in-china
#5
C X Dong, S A Yin
Nutritional status of lactating women is considered to be a quantitative indicator reflecting the status of reproductive health. To improve nutrition status of lactating women and promote breastfeeding through targeted intervention measures, their dietary and nutritional situations, and related problems, should be fully understood. Generally, energy and macronutrient intake of lactating women can reach or exceed recommended levels, especially during the first month postpartum. However, the intake of some micronutrients is difficult to meet the requirement...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049284/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
REVIEW
Joon Ho Moon, Soo Heon Kwak, Hak C Jang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy, is characterized by underlying maternal defects in the β-cell response to insulin during pregnancy. Women with a previous history of GDM have a greater than 7-fold higher risk of developing postpartum diabetes compared with women without GDM. Various risk factors for postpartum diabetes have been identified, including maternal age, glucose levels in pregnancy, family history of diabetes, pre-pregnancy and postpartum body mass index, dietary patterns, physical activity, and breastfeeding...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027634/dietary-optimisation-with-omega-3-and-omega-6-fatty-acids-for-12-23-month-old-overweight-and-obese-children-in-urban-jakarta
#7
Fitrianna Cahyaningrum, Inge Permadhi, Muhammad Ridwan Ansari, Erfi Prafiantini, Purnawati Hustina Rachman, Rina Agustina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diets with a specific omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio have been reported to have favourable effects in controlling obesity in adults. However, development a local-based diet by considering the ratio of these fatty acids for improving the nutritional status of overweight and obese children is lacking. Therefore, using linear programming, we developed an affordable optimised diet focusing on the ratio of omega- 6/omega-3 fatty acid intake for obese children aged 12-23 months...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027334/weight-gain-and-obesity-in-infants-and-young-children-exposed-to-prolonged-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#8
M Bruce Edmonson, Jens C Eickhoff
Importance: An association between antibiotic use and excessive weight gain or obesity in healthy infants and young children has been reported, but evidence is inconsistent and based on observational studies of growth in relation to incidental antibiotic exposures. Objective: To evaluate whether prolonged antibiotic exposure is associated with weight gain in children participating in a clinical trial of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection...
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012433/breastfeeding-attitude-health-related-quality-of-life-and-maternal-obesity-among-multi-ethnic-pregnant-women-a-multi-group-structural-equation-approach
#9
Ying Lau, Tha Pyai Htun, Peng Im Lim, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Claudia Chi, Cammy Tsai, Kai Wen Ong, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
BACKGROUND: Identifying the factors influencing breastfeeding attitude is significant for the implementation of effective promotion policies and counselling activities. To our best knowledge, no previous studies have modelled the relationships among breastfeeding attitude, health-related quality of life and maternal obesity among multi-ethnic pregnant women; the current study attempts to fill this research gap. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relationships among maternal characteristics, health-related quality of life and breastfeeding attitude amidst normal weight and overweight/obese pregnant women using a multi-group structural equation modelling approach...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001206/independent-effect-of-type-of-breastfeeding-on-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-12-24-months
#10
Aila Anne Pinto Farias Contarato, Erika Dantas de Medeiros Rocha, Sandra Ana Czarnobay, Silmara Salete de Barros Silva Mastroeni, Paul J Veugelers, Marco Fabio Mastroeni
This study aimed to analyze the effect of type of breastfeeding on the nutritional status of children between 12-24 months of age. This cohort study included 435 children born in 2012 in a public hospital in Joinville, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Two years after delivery the mothers and their children were contacted in their homes for a new investigation of demographic, economic, nutritional, and anthropometric data. In the unadjusted analysis, children who were not exclusively breastfed were more likely to be overweight (including obesity) at 2 years of age (OR = 1...
December 22, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991826/relationship-between-breastfeeding-and-early-childhood-obesity-results-of-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-from-birth-to-4-years
#11
Thomas Wallby, Dagmar Lagerberg, Margaretha Magnusson
AIM: To study a potential link between breastfeeding in infancy and obesity at age 4. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30,508 infants born during 2002-2007 from the databases of the Preventive Child Health Services in two Swedish counties and from national registers were studied. The outcome variable was obesity at age 4. Analyses were conducted by logistic regression models using the methodology of generalized estimating equations. Analyses were adjusted for child sex and maternal anthropometric and sociodemographic variables...
December 19, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974308/prospective-associations-between-problematic-eating-attitudes-in-midchildhood-and-the-future-onset-of-adolescent-obesity-and-high-blood-pressure
#12
Kaitlin H Wade, Michael S Kramer, Emily Oken, Nicholas J Timpson, Oleg Skugarevsky, Rita Patel, Natalia Bogdanovich, Konstantin Vilchuck, George Davey Smith, Jennifer Thompson, Richard M Martin
BACKGROUND: Clinically diagnosed eating disorders may have adverse cardiometabolic consequences, including overweight or obesity and high blood pressure. However, the link between problematic eating attitudes in early adolescence, which can lead to disordered eating behaviors, and future cardiometabolic health is, to our knowledge, unknown. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether variations in midchildhood eating attitudes influence the future development of overweight or obesity and high blood pressure...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936110/women-s-perceived-reasons-for-their-excessive-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-interview-study
#13
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity in Sweden has doubled to 14% over the last 20 years. New strategies for treatment and prevention are needed. Excessive gestational weight gain has been found to contribute substantially to obesity, and there is a consistent association between postpartum weight retention and obesity later in life. We aimed to explore what factors women perceive as reasons for having substantial postpartum weight retention, to identify areas for new and improved interventions. METHODS: Qualitative interview study (semi-structured) using an emergent design...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909996/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891832/cortisol-in-human-milk-predicts-child-bmi
#15
Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, Tran Bao Le, Anna Chung, Elysia Poggi Davis, Laura M Glynn
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding has been linked to lower rates of childhood obesity. Human milk contains cortisol, known to regulate glucose storage and metabolism. The aim of this study was to to test the hypothesis that early exposure to cortisol in human breast milk helps to modulate infant body mass index (BMI) trajectories over the first 2 years of life. METHODS: Growth curve modeling was used to examine whether infant exposure to cortisol in human milk at 3 months predicted changes in child body mass index percentile (BMIP) at 6, 12, and 24 months of age in 51 breastfeeding mother-child pairs...
December 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881729/brazilian-immigrant-mothers-beliefs-and-practices-related-to-infant-feeding-a-qualitative-study
#16
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Maria Helena Hasselman, Marcia Maria Tavares Machado, Raquel S Mezzavilla
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life and timely introduction of appropriate solid foods are important determinants of weight status in infancy and later life stages. Disparities in obesity rates among young children suggest that maternal feeding practices during the first 2 years of life may contribute to these disparities. Brazilians are a growing immigrant group in the United States, yet little research has focused on parental beliefs and behaviors affecting the health of Brazilian immigrant children in the United States...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863153/the-relationship-between-breast-milk-leptin-and-adiponectin-with-child-body-composition-from-3-to-5%C3%A2-years-a-follow-up-study
#17
D M Meyer, C Brei, L Stecher, D Much, S Brunner, H Hauner
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that breast milk contains bioactive components that influence metabolism in infancy and may play a role in the prevention of obesity in early childhood. In our initial study, 147 breastfeeding mother/child pairs were followed from birth to 2 years of age to examine the relationship between breast milk leptin and total adiponectin (collected at 6 weeks and 4 months postpartum) and infant body composition. Higher breast milk total adiponectin was related to greater fat mass and weight gain in children at 1 and 2 years of age, whereas leptin showed no association...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855143/trends-in-obesity-among-participants-aged-2-4-years-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-united-states-2000-2014
#18
Liping Pan, David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Karen Castellanos-Brown, Sohyun Park, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
Childhood obesity is associated with negative health consequences in childhood (1) that continue into adulthood (2), putting adults at risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers (1). Obesity disproportionately affects children from low-income families (3). Through a collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), CDC has begun to use data from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Participants and Program Characteristics (WIC PC) to replace the Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) (4,5) for obesity surveillance among young children from low-income families...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837379/pre-diagnostic-breastfeeding-adiposity-and-mortality-among-parous-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women-with-invasive-breast-cancer-the-breast-cancer-health-disparities-study
#19
Avonne E Connor, Kala Visvanathan, Kathy B Baumgartner, Richard N Baumgartner, Stephanie D Boone, Lisa M Hines, Roger K Wolff, Esther M John, Martha L Slattery
BACKGROUND: U.S. Hispanic women have high rates of parity, breastfeeding, and obesity. It is unclear whether these reproductive factors are associated with breast cancer (BC) mortality. We examined the associations between breastfeeding, parity, adiposity and BC-specific and overall mortality in Hispanic and non-Hispanic white (NHW) BC cases. METHODS: The study population included 2921 parous women (1477 Hispanics, 1444 NHWs) from the Breast Cancer Health Disparities Study with invasive BC diagnosed between 1995 and 2004...
January 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834508/effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-overweight-and-obese-mothers-on-infant-weight-for-length-percentile-at-1-year
#20
Hui Yeung, Michelle Leff, Kyung E Rhee
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with decreased risk of childhood obesity. However, there is a strong correlation between maternal weight status and childhood obesity, and it is unclear whether or not breastfeeding among overweight mothers could mitigate this risk. Our goal was to examine whether or not exclusive breastfeeding (compared to formula feeding) among overweight and obese mothers is associated with lower weight-for-length (W/L) percentile at 1 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Infant Feeding Practices II study were used...
November 11, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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