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breastfeeding and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725256/the-effect-of-high-intensity-breastfeeding-on-postpartum-glucose-tolerance-in-women-with-recent-gestational-diabetes
#1
Ichiro Yasuhi, Tomoko Soda, Hiroshi Yamashita, Atsuko Urakawa, Mihoko Izumi, Yukari Kugishima, Yasushi Umezaki
BACKGROUND: Although breastfeeding is expected to reduce the incidence of diabetes in women with gestational diabetes, the effect has not been clearly confirmed. We examined whether or not high-intensity breastfeeding reduces the incidence of abnormal glucose tolerance and investigated the effect of high-intensity breastfeeding on insulin resistance during the first year postpartum in Japanese women with current gestational diabetes. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included women with gestational diabetes who underwent postpartum 75 g oral glucose tolerance test during the first year (12-14 months) postpartum from 2009 to 2011 at a single tertiary perinatal care center in Japan...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712346/a-model-averaging-approach-for-estimating-propensity-scores-by-optimizing-balance
#2
Yuying Xie, Yeying Zhu, Cecilia A Cotton, Pan Wu
Many approaches, including traditional parametric modeling and machine learning techniques, have been proposed to estimate propensity scores. This paper describes a new model averaging approach to propensity score estimation in which parametric and nonparametric estimates are combined to achieve covariate balance. Simulation studies are conducted across different scenarios varying in the degree of interactions and nonlinearities in the treatment model. The results show that, based on inverse probability weighting, the proposed propensity score estimator produces less bias and smaller standard errors than existing approaches...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711955/the-effect-of-early-feeding-practices-on-growth-indices-and-obesity-at-preschool-children-from-four-european-countries-and-uk-schoolchildren-and-adolescents
#3
George Moschonis, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Louise Jones, Andreia Oliveira, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Louiza Damianidi, Sandrine Lioret, Pedro Moreira, Carla Lopes, Pauline Emmett, Marie Aline Charles, Yannis Manios
Not only healthy growth but also childhood obesity partly originate from early life. The current work aimed to examine the association of feeding practices during infancy with growth and adiposity indices in preschool children from four European countries and in UK schoolchildren and adolescents. Existing data from four European birth cohorts (ALSPAC-UK, EDEN-France, EuroPrevall-Greece and Generation XXI-Portugal) were used. Anthropometrics and body composition indices were collected. Parallel multivariate regression analyses were performed to examine the research hypothesis...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707388/the-associations-of-large-for-gestational-age-and-infant-feeding-practices-with-children-s-body-mass-index-z-score-trajectories-the-early-childhood-longitudinal-study-birth-cohort
#4
M Salahuddin, A Pérez, N Ranjit, D M Hoelscher, S H Kelder
Very few studies have examined if high birth weight and infant feeding practices have implications for the trajectory of body mass index (BMI) growth across the early childhood period. The goal of this study was to assess if large-for-gestational-age (LGA) and infant feeding practices (exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, and early introduction of complementary food prior to 4 months) are associated with BMI z-score trajectories over the early childhood period. Group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) methods were employed to describe and classify developmental BMI z-score trajectories (the outcome of interest) in children from 9 months to 4 years of age (n = 4497) born to prenatal non-smoking mothers in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (2001-2005)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692728/effect-of-a-baby-led-approach-to-complementary-feeding-on-infant-growth-and-overweight-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Rachael W Taylor, Sheila M Williams, Louise J Fangupo, Benjamin J Wheeler, Barry J Taylor, Lisa Daniels, Elizabeth A Fleming, Jenny McArthur, Brittany Morison, Liz Williams Erickson, Rhondda S Davies, Sabina Bacchus, Sonya L Cameron, Anne-Louise M Heath
Importance: Baby-led approaches to complementary feeding, which promote self-feeding of all nonliquid foods are proposed to improve energy self-regulation and lower obesity risk. However, to date, no randomized clinical trials have studied this proposition. Objective: To determine whether a baby-led approach to complementary feeding results in a lower body mass index (BMI) than traditional spoon-feeding. Design, Setting, and Participants: The 2-year Baby-Led Introduction to Solids (BLISS) randomized clinical trial recruited 206 women (168 [81...
July 10, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689551/breastfeeding-is-associated-with-reduced-obesity-in-hispanic-2-to-5-year-olds-served-by-wic
#6
Shannon E Whaley, Maria Koleilat, Stephanie Leonard, Mike Whaley
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between breastfeeding (BF) and odds of childhood obesity in a large, primarily Hispanic Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) population. SETTING: A large urban WIC program in California. PARTICIPANTS: Infants enrolled in WIC born between 2004 and 2007 and observed to age 5 years (N = 39,801; 88.6% Hispanic). INTERVENTION: Level of BF: fully BF, fully formula feeding, or combination feeding...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685168/recruitment-challenges-and-enrollment-observations-from-a-community-based-intervention-mothers-in-motion-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-women
#7
Mei-Wei Chang, Susan Nitzke, Roger Brown, M Jean Brancheau Egan, Christopher M Bendekgey, Diana Buist
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a randomized controlled trial, aimed to help young, low-income overweight and obese mothers prevent weight gain by promoting stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper describes MIM recruitment challenges and reports demographic characteristics affecting enrollment. METHODS: Participants who were African American or Non-Hispanic White were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Michigan...
March 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673078/nutritional-and-metabolic-programming-during-the-first-thousand-days-of-life
#8
Massimo Agosti, Francesco Tandoi, Laura Morlacchi, Angela Bossi
The latest scientific acquisitions are demonstrating what has already been hypothesized for more than twenty years about the development of the state of health/illness of individuals. Indeed, certain stimuli, if applied to a sensible phase of development, are able to modify, through epigenetic mechanisms, gene expression of DNA, resulting in adaptive modifications of phenotype to the environment, which may reflect negatively on the health of every individual. This concept, applied to nutrition, has opened up important prospects for research in this area...
June 28, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672791/risk-of-deficiency-in-multiple-concurrent-micronutrients-in-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#9
Julia K Bird, Rachel A Murphy, Eric D Ciappio, Michael I McBurney
Certain population sub-groups in the United States are vulnerable to micronutrient malnutrition. Nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) describing the biochemical status of vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D, E, folate, and anemia, were aggregated to determine the overall risk of multiple concurrent deficiencies in U.S. children and adults (n = 15,030) aged >9 years. The prevalence of deficiency risk according to socio-demographic, life-stage, dietary supplement use, and dietary adequacy categories was investigated...
June 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659299/associations-of-infant-feeding-with-trajectories-of-body-composition-and-growth
#10
Katherine A Bell, Carol L Wagner, Henry A Feldman, Roman J Shypailo, Mandy B Belfort
Background: The extent to which breastfeeding is protective against later-life obesity is controversial. Little is known about differences in infant body composition between breastfed and formula-fed infants, which may reflect future obesity risk.Objective: We aimed to assess associations of infant feeding with trajectories of growth and body composition from birth to 7 mo in healthy infants.Design: We studied 276 participants from a previous study of maternal vitamin D supplementation during lactation. Mothers used monthly feeding diaries to report the extent of breastfeeding...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659295/infant-feeding-and-growth-trajectory-patterns-in-childhood-and-body-composition-in-young-adulthood
#11
Peter Rzehak, Wendy H Oddy, M Luisa Mearin, Veit Grote, Trevor A Mori, Hania Szajewska, Raanan Shamir, Sibylle Koletzko, Martina Weber, Lawrence J Beilin, Rae-Chi Huang, Berthold Koletzko
Background: Growth patterns of breastfed and formula-fed infants may differ, with formula-fed infants growing more rapidly than breastfed infants into childhood and adulthood.Objectives: Our objectives were to identify growth patterns and investigate early nutritional programming potential on growth patterns at 6 y and on body composition at 20 y.Design: The West Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study and 3 European cohort studies (European Childhood Obesity Trial, Norwegian Human Milk Study, and Prevention of Coeliac Disease) that collaborate in the European Union-funded Early Nutrition project combined, harmonized, and pooled data on full breastfeeding, anthropometry, and body composition...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653126/impact-of-metabolic-hormones-secreted-in-human-breast-milk-on-nutritional-programming-in-childhood-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Pilar Amellali Badillo-Suárez, Maricela Rodríguez-Cruz, Xóchitl Nieves-Morales
Obesity is the most common metabolic disease whose prevalence is increasing worldwide. This condition is considered a serious public health problem due to associated comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Perinatal morbidity related to obesity does not end with birth; this continues affecting the mother/infant binomial and could negatively impact on metabolism during early infant nutrition. Nutrition in early stages of growth may be essential in the development of obesity in adulthood, supporting the concept of "nutritional programming"...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643865/characterization-and-biological-function-of-milk-derived-mirnas
#13
Regina Golan-Gerstl, Yaffa Elbaum Shiff, Vardit Lavi-Moshayoff, Daniel Schecter Dena Leshkowitz, Shimon Reif
SCOPE: Breastfeeding is associated with reduced risk of infection, immune mediated disorders, obesity and even cancer. Recently it was found that breast milk contains a variety of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the skim and fat layer that can be transferred to infants, and appear to play important roles in those biological functions. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study applied Next Generation Sequencing and quantitative real time PCR analysis to determine the miRNA expression profile of the skim and fat fraction of human, goat, and bovine milk as well as infant formulas...
June 23, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#15
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610570/exploring-infant-feeding-practices-cross-sectional-surveys-of-south-western-sydney-singapore-and-ho-chi-minh-city
#16
Timothy Yong Qun Leow, Andrew Ung, Shelley Qian, Jessie Thanh Nguyen, Yvonne An, Poonam Mudgil, John Whitehall
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding practices are known to influence the child's long-term health. Studies have associated obesity and other diseases with reduced breastfeeding and early introduction of high calorie beverages (HCBs). The rising prevalence of obesity is already a problem in most developed countries, especially Australia, but cultural differences are influential. Our aim is to examine and compare infant feeding practices and educational levels of respondents through questionnaires in three culturally different sites: Campbelltown (South Western Sydney), Australia, Singapore and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (HCMC)...
June 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604078/-relationship-of-infant-feeding-on-childhood-obesity-a-literature-review
#17
László Ságodi, Enikő Sólyom, Emőke Kiss-Tóth
The increasing frequency of childhood obesity is a serious public health concern. Today it is recognized that the infant feeding during critical periods of early human development ("the first 1000 days") can be a long-term impact for future health. Authors deal with with the infant period of the first 1000 days of life starting from the conception, based on literature review. Since 2010 a large number of publications have appeared in which the relationship between infant feeding, early weight gain and later obesity are investigated...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601985/poor-early-childhood-outcomes-attributable-to-maternal-depression-in-mexican-women
#18
Filipa de Castro, Jean Marie Place, Aremis Villalobos, Rosalba Rojas, Tonatiuh Barrientos, Edward A Frongillo
We aimed to estimate the population fraction of poor early child health and developmental outcomes attributable to maternal depressive symptoms (DS) contrasting it between low- and middle/high-income households. We used a nationally representative probabilistic sample of 4240 children younger than 5 years old and their mothers, derived from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey Data (ENSANUT 2012). Complex survey design, sampling, and analytic weights were taken into account in analyses. DS was measured by CESD-7...
August 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#19
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597536/timing-of-solid-food-introduction-and-association-with-later-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-the-idefics-study
#20
Stalo Papoutsou, Savvas C Savva, Monica Hunsberger, Hannah Jilani, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Dénes Molnár, Alfonso Siani, Luis A Moreno, Charis Hadjigeorgiou
This study investigated associations between timing of solid food introduction and childhood obesity and explored maternal characteristics influencing early feeding practices. Cross-sectional data from children 2-9 years (n = 10,808; 50.5% boys) residing in 8 European countries of the IDEFICS study (2007-2008) were included. Late solid food introduction (≥7 months of age) was associated with an increased prevalence of later childhood overweight/obesity among exclusively breastfed children (OR [odds ratio]: 1...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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