keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

breastfeeding and obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349652/social-factors-associated-with-non-initiation-and-cessation-of-predominant-breastfeeding-in-a-mother-child-cohort-in-spain
#1
Maria Villar, Loreto Santa-Marina, Mario Murcia, Pilar Amiano, Silvia Gimeno, Ferran Ballester, Jordi Julvez, Dora Romaguera, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Adonina Tardón, Jesús Ibarluzea
Objective The aim of the study was to identify factors associated with non-initiation and cessation of predominant breastfeeding (PBF) in a mother-child cohort from Spain. Materials and Methods The analysis included 2195 mother-infant from birth to 14 months post- delivery recruited between 2004 and 2008. Maternal characteristics were collected during the pregnancy. Lactation data were obtained at 6 and 14 months after delivery. PBF was defined as intake of breast milk plus liquids like juices or water. The PBF cessation was calculated using the date that women started PBF and the date that she reported to start giving infant formula and/or food...
January 18, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316934/physiological-mitochondrial-and-oxidative-stress-differences-in-the-presence-or-absence-of-lactation-in-rats
#2
Hayden W Hyatt, Yufeng Zhang, Wendy R Hood, Andreas N Kavazis
BACKGROUND: Human epidemiological data show that breastfeeding reduces the mother's probability of developing several disease conditions, including obesity and type II diabetes compared to mothers that give birth but do not breastfeed. The goal of this investigation was to characterize how lactation changes a rat's body composition, metabolism, mitochondrial function, and oxidative stress. METHODS: Ten-week old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n = 8 per group): 1) non-reproductive (NR), 2) those that were allowed to mate and give birth, but were not allowed to suckle their pups (PP), and 3) those that were allowed to mate and give birth, and suckled their young until weaning at 21 days (PL)...
January 9, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306242/associations-of-apgar-score-and-size-at-birth-with-lipoprotein-subclasses-in-juvenile-obesity
#3
Osama H. Bekhet, Jelena Vekic, Aleksandra Zeljkovic, Dusan Parıpovıc, Tamara Gojkovıc, Jelena Janac, Vesna Spasojevıc-Kalımanovska, Amira Peco-Antıc, Gordana Mılosevskı-Lomıc, Zorana Jelıc-Ivanovıc, Aleksandra Stefanovıc
Background/aim: Juvenile obesity is associated with several metabolic abnormalities, one of them being atherogenic dyslipidemia. Suboptimal fetal growth is associated with obesity risk in childhood, but also with increased rate of metabolic diseases in later life. This study investigated associations of neonatal data (Apgar score, birth weight and birth length) with low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL) subclasses in a group of obese children, as well as a possible impact of breastfeeding duration on obesity-associated lipoprotein subclasses distributions...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295487/infant-feeding-beliefs-attitudes-knowledge-and-practices-of-chinese-immigrant-mothers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Qun Le, Mary L Greaney
Chinese are a fast-growing immigrant population group in several parts of the world (e.g., Australia, Canada, Europe, Southeast Asia, United States). Research evidence suggests that compared to non-Hispanic whites, individuals of Asian-origin including Chinese are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes at a lower body mass index (BMI). These risks may be possibly due to genetic differences in body composition and metabolic responses. Despite the increasing numbers of Chinese children growing up in immigrant families and the increasing prevalence of obesity among Chinese, little research has been focused on children of Chinese immigrant families...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284281/implementation-of-a-nutrition-assessment-counseling-and-support-program-and-its-association-with-body-mass-index-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-accra-ghana
#5
Joachim Sackey, Fang Fang Zhang, Beatrice Rogers, Richmond Aryeetey, Christine Wanke
In spite of the important role nutrition plays in the management of HIV, access to nutrition services is inadequate, especially in resource limited settings. In addition, nutrition programs for people living with HIV (PLWH) have not been sufficiently evaluated for efficacy and this study was conducted to address this gap. This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of the nutrition assessment, counseling and support (NACS) program in Accra, Ghana, and to assess whether the level of implementation of NACS was associated with the body mass index (BMI) of PLWH...
December 28, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283881/predictors-of-severe-obesity-in-low-income-predominantly-hispanic-latino-children-the-texas-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-study
#6
Meliha Salahuddin, Adriana Pérez, Nalini Ranjit, Steven H Kelder, Sarah E Barlow, Stephen J Pont, Nancy F Butte, Deanna M Hoelscher
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to identify predictors of severe obesity in a low-income, predominantly Hispanic/Latino sample of children in Texas. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis examined baseline data on 517 children from the secondary prevention component of the Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (TX CORD) study; data were collected from September 2012 through February 2014. Self-administered surveys were used to collect data from parents of children who were aged 2 to 12 years, had a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher, and resided in Austin, Texas, or Houston, Texas...
December 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278013/behind-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-not-only-food
#7
Luca Pecoraro, Carlo Agostoni, Orsiol Pepaj, Angelo Pietrobelli
After birth, breastfeeding should not be considered only a normal and physiological event; in fact, it encloses both physical and the psychological aspects. Human milk cannot be compared to any formula milk. Specifically, human milk has immunological and nutritional properties and it is considered the best available option which guarantees an adequate growth and an optimal development of a child. Differences in term of mediators and hormones have been shown between infants who were breastfed and ones who were not...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277462/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-prevent-infant-overweight-in-a-high-risk-population
#8
Elizabeth Reifsnider, David P McCormick, Karen W Cullen, Michael Todd, Michael W Moramarco, Martina R Gallagher, Lucia Reyna
INTRODUCTION: Infants are at risk of overweight. Infant overweight predisposes child, adolescent, and adult to obesity. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that parent education, initiated prenatally, and provided in the home, would reduce the incidence of infant overweight at age 12 months. METHODS: Pregnant obese Latina women were recruited at WIC and randomized to intervention versus control. Intervention subjects received home visits by trained Spanish-fluent community health workers who provided counseling on infant growth, breastfeeding, nutrition, child development, sleep, physical activity, and safety...
December 22, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206649/the-importance-of-the-microbiome-in-pediatrics-and-pediatric-infectious-diseases
#9
Thaidra Gaufin, Nicole H Tobin, Grace M Aldrovandi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Emerging research on the pediatric microbiome implicates the importance of the microbiome on the development of the immune system, nervous system, and growth. Changes to the microbiome during infancy are associated with the development of chronic illnesses such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. Additionally, the microbiome provides protection against certain pathogens, affects vaccine responses, and alters drug metabolism. This review highlights what is known about the microbiome, the establishment of a healthy microbiome and the significance that changes to the microbiome composition have on growth and health of children and adolescents...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205074/overweight-and-obesity-risk-factors-in-children-aged-3-7-years-a-prospective-study-in-the-city-of-krak%C3%A3-w
#10
Małgorzata Kowal, Stanisław Matusik, Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Łukasz Kryst, Jan Sobiecki, Agnieszka Woronkowicz
BACKGROUND: Early identified factors determining overweight and obesity in childhood may be important for preventive purposes. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the commonly accepted and hypothetical risk factors for overweight/obesity and their mutual relations, using the method of classification trees. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The data were collected during anthropometric surveys carried out in 2010 in Kraków, Poland. The study involved 1042 pre-school children aged 3-7 years...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#11
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177069/differences-in-early-risk-factors-for-obesity-between-african-american-formula-fed-infants-and-white-breastfed-controls
#12
Paige K Berger, Justin A Lavner, Jessica J Smith, Leann L Birch
Background: Previous RCTs to prevent early rapid weight gain were conducted in predominantly White, well-educated, middle-income mother-infants at low risk for obesity. To inform the design of an RCT in a higher-risk sample, we conducted a short-term, longitudinal study to compare maternal feeding beliefs and behaviors, infant sleep, intake, and growth of African American formula feeding (AAFF) dyads to a comparison sample of White breastfeeding (WBF) dyads. We also assessed the feasibility of recruiting and retaining AAFF participants...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172413/contraception-update-progestin-only-implants-and-injections
#13
Prium Deshmukh, Karen Antell, Elizabeth J Brown
Progestin-only contraception is a popular method of birth control in the United States and worldwide. Progestin-only implants and injections allow patients access to long-term contraception with simple options for reversal or removal. The implant is one of the most effective forms of contraception and there are few contraindications. Manufacturer-led training is required to become certified in insertion and removal. The most common adverse effect of the implant is a change in menstrual bleeding patterns. Little evidence has shown weight gain or decreased bone mineral density with use...
November 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156189/obesity-in-pregnancy-optimizing-outcomes-for-mom-and-baby
#14
REVIEW
Heidi Dutton, Sarah Jean Borengasser, Laura Marie Gaudet, Linda A Barbour, Erin Joanne Keely
Obesity is common in women of childbearing age, and management of this population around the time of pregnancy involves specific challenges. Weight and medical comorbidities should be optimized both before and during pregnancy. During pregnancy, gestational weight gain should be limited, comorbidities should be appropriately screened for and managed, and fetal health should be monitored. Consideration should be given to the optimal timing of delivery and to reducing surgical and anesthetic complications. In the postpartum period, breastfeeding and weight loss should be promoted...
January 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154942/levels-of-palmitic-acid-ester-of-hydroxystearic-acid-pahsa-are-reduced-in-the-breast-milk-of-obese-mothers
#15
Marie Brezinova, Ondrej Kuda, Jana Hansikova, Martina Rombaldova, Laurence Balas, Kristina Bardova, Thierry Durand, Martin Rossmeisl, Marcela Cerna, Zbynek Stranak, Jan Kopecky
To achieve optimal development of a newborn, breastfeeding is extensively recommended, but little is known about the role of non-nutritive bioactive milk components. We aimed to characterize the fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs), namely palmitic acid hydroxystearic acids (PAHSAs)-endogenous lipids with anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties, in human breast milk. Breast milk samples from 30 lean (BMI=19-23) and 23 obese (BMI>30) women were collected 72h postpartum. Adipose tissue and milk samples were harvested from C57BL/6J mice...
November 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154913/the-physiological-and-glycaemic-changes-in-breastfeeding-women-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#16
REVIEW
Naomi Achong, Emma L Duncan, H David McIntyre, Leonie Callaway
The World Health Organisation recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life ([1]. Breastfeeding confers many short- and long-term benefits for infants and mothers, including reduced childhood obesity and lower maternal body weight [2-6]. Exclusive breastfeeding is also recommended in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), for at least four months [7]. However, the impact of breastfeeding on mothers with T1DM, and, conversely, the impact of maternal T1DM on breastfeeding, is not clear...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#17
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077645/pharmacokinetics-of-sucralose-and-acesulfame-potassium-in-breast-milk-following-ingestion-of-diet-soda
#18
Kristina I Rother, Allison C Sylvetsky, Peter J Walter, H Martin Garraffo, David A Fields
OBJECTIVE: To determine sucralose and acesulfame-K pharmacokinetics in breast milk following maternal ingestion of a diet soda. METHODS: Thirty-four exclusively breastfeeding women (14 normal weight, 20 obese) consumed twelve ounces of Diet Rite Cola™, sweetened with 68 mg sucralose and 41 mg acesulfame-potassium, prior to a standardized breakfast meal. Habitual LCS intake was assessed via a diet questionnaire. Breast milk was collected from the same breast prior to beverage ingestion and hourly for six hours...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073186/ethical-issues-in-the-development-and-implementation-of-nutrition-related-public-health-policies-and-interventions-a-scoping-review
#19
Thierry Hurlimann, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Abha Saxena, Gerardo Zamora, Béatrice Godard
BACKGROUND: The limited integration of ethics in nutrition-related public health policies and interventions is one major concern for those who have the task of implementing them. Ethical challenges that are overlooked during the development of such interventions could raise serious ethical issues during their implementation and even after. As a result, these decision makers need technical support and ethical guidance for adaptation of interventions to local (cultural, social, economic, etc...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049059/status-of-high-body-weight-among-nurse-family-partnership-children
#20
William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Claire Colangelo
PURPOSE: Increased prevalence of high levels of body weight in early childhood has become a public health concern, given its potential association with adult obesity and related comorbidities. Both socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity are related to increased prevalence. The purpose of this study was to identify additional risk factors common to children of low-income families; and to guide quality improvement initiatives within home visiting programs, potentially fostering more desirable physical development outcomes...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
keyword
keyword
34797
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"