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breastfeeding and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#2
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610570/exploring-infant-feeding-practices-cross-sectional-surveys-of-south-western-sydney-singapore-and-ho-chi-minh-city
#3
Timothy Yong Qun Leow, Andrew Ung, Shelley Qian, Jessie Thanh Nguyen, Yvonne An, Poonam Mudgil, John Whitehall
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding practices are known to influence the child's long-term health. Studies have associated obesity and other diseases with reduced breastfeeding and early introduction of high calorie beverages (HCBs). The rising prevalence of obesity is already a problem in most developed countries, especially Australia, but cultural differences are influential. Our aim is to examine and compare infant feeding practices and educational levels of respondents through questionnaires in three culturally different sites: Campbelltown (South Western Sydney), Australia, Singapore and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (HCMC)...
June 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604078/-relationship-of-infant-feeding-on-childhood-obesity-a-literature-review
#4
László Ságodi, Enikő Sólyom, Emőke Kiss-Tóth
The increasing frequency of childhood obesity is a serious public health concern. Today it is recognized that the infant feeding during critical periods of early human development ("the first 1000 days") can be a long-term impact for future health. Authors deal with with the infant period of the first 1000 days of life starting from the conception, based on literature review. Since 2010 a large number of publications have appeared in which the relationship between infant feeding, early weight gain and later obesity are investigated...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601985/poor-early-childhood-outcomes-attributable-to-maternal-depression-in-mexican-women
#5
Filipa de Castro, Jean Marie Place, Aremis Villalobos, Rosalba Rojas, Tonatiuh Barrientos, Edward A Frongillo
We aimed to estimate the population fraction of poor early child health and developmental outcomes attributable to maternal depressive symptoms (DS) contrasting it between low- and middle/high-income households. We used a nationally representative probabilistic sample of 4240 children younger than 5 years old and their mothers, derived from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey Data (ENSANUT 2012). Complex survey design, sampling, and analytic weights were taken into account in analyses. DS was measured by CESD-7...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#6
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 6, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597536/timing-of-solid-food-introduction-and-association-with-later-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-the-idefics-study
#7
Stalo Papoutsou, Savvas C Savva, Monica Hunsberger, Hannah Jilani, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Dénes Molnár, Alfonso Siani, Luis A Moreno, Charis Hadjigeorgiou
This study investigated associations between timing of solid food introduction and childhood obesity and explored maternal characteristics influencing early feeding practices. Cross-sectional data from children 2-9 years (n = 10,808; 50.5% boys) residing in 8 European countries of the IDEFICS study (2007-2008) were included. Late solid food introduction (≥7 months of age) was associated with an increased prevalence of later childhood overweight/obesity among exclusively breastfed children (OR [odds ratio]: 1...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597475/program-considerations-for-integration-of-nutrition-and-family-planning-beliefs-around-maternal-diet-and-breastfeeding-within-the-context-of-the-nutrition-transition-in-egypt
#8
Justine A Kavle, Sohair Mehanna, Ghada Khan, Mohamed Hassan, Gulsen Saleh, Cyril Engmann
In Egypt, rising maternal overweight and obesity is consistent with the transition to westernized diets and a growing reliance on energy-dense, low nutrient foods. Although the first 1,000 days of life are the focus of many programmes designed to prevent many forms of malnutrition, little attention has been paid to maternal dietary practices and weight gain during pregnancy. This study used in-depth interviews with pregnant women (N = 40), lactating women (N = 40), and nonlactating women (N = 40) to gain an understanding of behaviours, perceptions, and cultural beliefs in relation to maternal dietary intake during pregnancy, lactation, and nonlactation; weight gain during pregnancy; birth spacing; and family planning...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593913/excessive-weight-gain-in-exclusively-breast-fed-infants
#9
Carola Saure, Marisa Armeno, Consuelo Barcala, Vanesa Giudici, Carmen Silvia Mazza
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is recommended as the best source of nutrition in the first months of life and observational studies have associated exclusive breastfeeding with decreased weight gain and a protective effect against obesity in childhood. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of a cohort of exclusively breastfed obese infants to determine factors that may lead to this unusual weight gain. METHODS: Infants seen between 2003 and 2015 who were exclusively breastfed and showed excessive weight gain in the first year of life were followed with a focus on features of the mother, the child, feeding patterns and the presence of concomitant factors that influence nutritional status...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588046/breastfeeding-and-obesity
#10
Robert Scott-Jupp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574453/randomized-controlled-trial-of-dha-supplementation-during-pregnancy-child-adiposity-outcomes
#11
Byron A Foster, Elia Escaname, Theresa L Powell, Benjamin Larsen, Sartaj K Siddiqui, John Menchaca, Christian Aquino, Rajam Ramamurthy, Daniel E Hale
Investigating safe and effective interventions in pregnancy that lower offspring adiposity is important given the burden of obesity and subsequent metabolic derangements. Our objective was to determine if docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) given during pregnancy to obese mothers results in lower offspring adiposity. This study was a long-term follow-up of a randomized trial of mothers with gestational diabetes or obesity who were randomized to receive DHA supplementation at 800 mg/day or placebo (corn/soy oil) starting at 25-29 weeks gestation...
June 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549978/gestational-weight-gain
#12
REVIEW
Michelle A Kominiarek, Alan M Peaceman
Prenatal care providers are advised to evaluate maternal weight at each regularly scheduled prenatal visit, monitor progress toward meeting weight gain goals, and provide individualized counseling if significant deviations from a woman's goals occur. Today, nearly 50% of women exceed their weight gain goals with overweight and obese women having the highest prevalence of excessive weight gain. Risks of inadequate weight gain include low birthweight and failure to initiate breast-feeding whereas the risks of excessive weight gain include cesarean deliveries and postpartum weight retention for the mother and large-for-gestational-age infants, macrosomia, and childhood overweight or obesity for the offspring...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549637/maternal-obesity-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentration-and-bone-density-in-breastfeeding-dyads
#13
Sarbattama Sen, Annie Penfield-Cyr, Bruce W Hollis, Carol L Wagner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration and bone density in mother-infant pairs. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a secondary analysis of 234 exclusively breastfeeding dyads who were recruited in the first postpartum month for a randomized controlled trial of maternal vs infant vitamin D supplementation. Mean 25(OH)D concentrations and bone mineral density (BMD) were compared by BMI group...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547837/does-body-image-influence-the-relationship-between-body-weight-and-breastfeeding-maintenance-in-new-mothers
#14
Vivien Swanson, Alice Keely, Fiona C Denison
OBJECTIVES: Obese women have lower breastfeeding initiation and maintenance rates than healthy weight women. Research generally focuses on biomedical explanations for this. Psychosocial factors including body image and well-being after childbirth are less well understood as predictors of breastfeeding. In obese and healthy weight women, we investigated changes in body image between 72 hrs post-delivery and 6-8 weeks post-natal, studying how women's body image related to breastfeeding initiation and maintenance...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529017/proatherogenic-lipid-profile-in-early-childhood-association-with-weight-status-at-4-years-and-parental-obesity
#15
Isolina Riaño-Galán, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Cristina Rodríguez-Dehli, Damaskini Valvi, Martine Vrijheid, Adonina Tardón
OBJECTIVES: To determine lipid profiles in early childhood and evaluate their association with weight status at 4 years of age. Additionally, we evaluated whether the risk of overweight or having an altered lipid profile was associated with parental weight status. STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred eighty two mothers and their 4-year-old children from 2 Spanish population-based cohorts were studied. Weight status in children at 4 years of age was classified as overweight or obese using the International Obesity Task Force criteria...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#16
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513622/human-milk-insulin-is-related-to-maternal-plasma-insulin-and-bmi-but-other-components-of-human-milk-do-not-differ-by-bmi
#17
B E Young, Z Patinkin, C Palmer, B de la Houssaye, L A Barbour, T Hernandez, J E Friedman, N F Krebs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The impact of maternal BMI and insulin sensitivity on bioactive components of human milk (HM) is not well understood. As the prevalence of obesity and diabetes rises, it is increasingly critical that we understand how maternal BMI and hormones associated with metabolic disease relate to concentrations of bioactive components in HM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This longitudinal cohort design followed 48 breastfeeding mothers through the first four months of lactation, collecting fasting morning HM samples at 2-weeks and 1, 2, 3 and 4-months, and fasting maternal blood at 2-weeks and 4-months...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513383/fructose-intake-in-pregnancy-linked-to-childhood-obesity
#18
(no author information available yet)
A diet high in fructose-containing sugars during pregnancy or breastfeeding may increase children's chances of developing obesity or type 2 diabetes, new research results suggest.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469518/relationship-between-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-lower-risk-of-childhood-obesity-a-narrative-review-of-published-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Samuel N Uwaezuoke, Chizoma I Eneh, Ikenna K Ndu
BACKGROUND: The pattern of infant feeding during the first 1000-day period-from conception to the second birthday-has a significant influence on the child's growth trajectory. The relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and lower risk of childhood obesity has elicited much scientific interest, given the fact that this form of malnutrition is becoming a global epidemic. AIM: This narrative review aims to examine the evidence in the literature linking exclusive breastfeeding with reduction in obesity in children...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459932/effects-of-promoting-long-term-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-adolescent-adiposity-blood-pressure-and-growth-trajectories-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Richard M Martin, Michael S Kramer, Rita Patel, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Jennifer Thompson, Seungmi Yang, Konstantin Vilchuck, Natalia Bogdanovich, Mikhail Hameza, Kate Tilling, Emily Oken
Importance: Evidence that breastfeeding reduces child obesity risk and lowers blood pressure (BP) is based on potentially confounded observational studies. Objective: To investigate the effects of a breastfeeding promotion intervention on adiposity and BP at age 16 years and on longitudinal growth trajectories from birth. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cluster-randomized Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial. Belarusian maternity hospitals and affiliated polyclinics (the clusters) were allocated into intervention (n = 16) or control arms (n = 15) in 1996 and 1997...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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