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breastfeeding and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#1
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077645/pharmacokinetics-of-sucralose-and-acesulfame-potassium-in-breast-milk-following-ingestion-of-diet-soda
#2
Kristina I Rother, Allison C Sylvetsky, Peter J Walter, H Martin Garraffo, David A Fields
OBJECTIVE: To determine sucralose and acesulfame-K pharmacokinetics in breast milk following maternal ingestion of a diet soda. METHODS: Thirty-four exclusively breastfeeding women (14 normal weight, 20 obese) consumed twelve ounces of Diet Rite Cola™, sweetened with 68 mg sucralose and 41 mg acesulfame-potassium, prior to a standardized breakfast meal. Habitual LCS intake was assessed via a diet questionnaire. Breast milk was collected from the same breast prior to beverage ingestion and hourly for six hours...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073186/ethical-issues-in-the-development-and-implementation-of-nutrition-related-public-health-policies-and-interventions-a-scoping-review
#3
Thierry Hurlimann, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Abha Saxena, Gerardo Zamora, Béatrice Godard
BACKGROUND: The limited integration of ethics in nutrition-related public health policies and interventions is one major concern for those who have the task of implementing them. Ethical challenges that are overlooked during the development of such interventions could raise serious ethical issues during their implementation and even after. As a result, these decision makers need technical support and ethical guidance for adaptation of interventions to local (cultural, social, economic, etc...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049059/status-of-high-body-weight-among-nurse-family-partnership-children
#4
William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Claire Colangelo
PURPOSE: Increased prevalence of high levels of body weight in early childhood has become a public health concern, given its potential association with adult obesity and related comorbidities. Both socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity are related to increased prevalence. The purpose of this study was to identify additional risk factors common to children of low-income families; and to guide quality improvement initiatives within home visiting programs, potentially fostering more desirable physical development outcomes...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040503/the-role-of-early-life-growth-development-the-fto-gene-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-child-bmi-trajectories
#5
Yan Yan Wu, Stephen Lye, Laurent Briollais
Background: Recent studies have implicated the FTO gene in child and adult obesity. A longer duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EXBF) has been shown to reduce body mass index (BMI) and the risk of being overweight in the general population and among FTO gene carriers. However, it remains unclear whether the preventive effect of EXBF could be explained by its impact on early life growth development, e.g. ages at adiposity peak (AP) and adiposity rebound (AR) and BMI velocities in the first years of life, which are major determinants of overweight and obesity later in life...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024677/eating-behavior-traits-associated-with-demographic-variables-and-implications-for-obesity-outcomes-in-early-childhood
#6
Nikki Boswell, Rebecca Byrne, Peter S W Davies
Despite ongoing investigation of children's eating behaviors to better understand the etiology of childhood obesity, few studies have aimed to determine differences in eating behavior based on psycho-social variables reflective of 'stressful' life circumstance. Cross-sectional data collected from parents of 977 Australian children (2.0-5.0 years) in an online survey was used to determine associations between parent-reported Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire [CEBQ] sub-scales, child BMI z-scores and psycho-social variables...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020368/social-vulnerabilities-as-determinants-of-overweight-in-2-4-and-6-year-old-spanish-children
#7
Isabel Iguacel, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
Background: Differences in obesity prevalence among vulnerable groups exist in childhood but it remains unclear whether these differences may be partly determined by socioeconomic status (SES), parental body mass index (BMI) and early life risk factors. We aimed to explore (i) longitudinal associations between belonging to a minority group and being overweight/obese at age 2, 4 and 6 and (ii) associations between accumulation of social vulnerabilities and being overweight/obese at age 6...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983918/how-many-cancer-cases-and-deaths-are-potentially-preventable-estimates-for-australia-in-2013
#8
Louise F Wilson, Annika Antonsson, Adele C Green, Susan J Jordan, Bradley J Kendall, Christina M Nagle, Rachel E Neale, Catherine M Olsen, Penelope M Webb, David C Whiteman
Cancer is a leading cause of disease burden in Australia, particularly fatal burden, accounting for an estimated thirty percent of deaths. Many cancers develop because of exposure to lifestyle and environmental factors that are potentially modifiable. We aimed to quantify the proportions and numbers of cancer deaths and cases in Australia in 2013 attributable to 20 modifiable factors in eight broad groupings that are established causes of cancer, namely: tobacco smoke (smoking and second-hand), dietary factors (low intake of fruit, non-starchy vegetables and dietary fibre; and high intake of red and processed meat), overweight/obesity, alcohol, physical inactivity, solar ultraviolet radiation, infections (seven agents), and reproductive factors (lack of breastfeeding, menopausal hormone therapy use, combined oral contraceptive use)...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983432/maternity-leave-policies-trade-offs-between-labour-market-demands-and-health-benefits-for-children
#9
Lucy Strang, Miriam Broeks
Over recent years many European Union countries have made changes to the design of the maternity leave provision. These policy developments reflect calls for greater gender equality in the workforce and more equal share of childcare responsibilities. However, while research shows that long period of leave can have negative effects on women's labour market attachment and career advancements, early return to work can be seen as a factor preventing exclusive breastfeeding, and therefore, potentially having negative health impacts for babies...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980121/nutritional-status-of-children-from-women-with-previously-bariatric-surgery
#10
Jessica Cristina Gimenes, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Marcela Augusta de Souza Pinhel, Cristiana Cortes-Oliveira, Wilson Salgado Júnior, Carla Barbosa Nonino
BACKGROUND: Number of pregnancies has been increasing in women of childbearing age after the gastric bypass. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutritional status of children of women submitted to gastric bypass. METHODS: We evaluated anthropometric, breastfeeding and biochemical profile, body composition, and dietary intake indicators of children of both sexes who were born alive after the surgery. For statistical analysis, were performed Shapiro-Wilk and ANOVA test (p < 0...
October 5, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976781/pacifier-use-and-early-life-weight-outcomes-in-the-intervention-nurses-start-infants-growing-on-healthy-trajectories-study
#11
Emily E Hohman, Jennifer S Savage, Leann L Birch, Jessica S Beiler, Ian M Paul
BACKGROUND: Although widely used by infants, little is known about the long-term effects of pacifiers. We investigated relationships between pacifier use in infancy and appetite, temperament, feeding, and weight outcomes through age 2 years using data from the Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories study. METHODS: Mother-newborn dyads were randomized to a responsive parenting intervention for obesity prevention or a control group. Infants with data on pacifier use (n = 250) were categorized as using a pacifier beyond early infancy (≥4 months of age) or not...
October 4, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925410/adiponectin-leptin-and-insulin-in-breast-milk-associations-with-maternal-characteristics-and-infant-body-composition-in-the-first-year-of-life
#12
D Chan, S Goruk, A B Becker, P Subbarao, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, D Lefebvre, M R Sears, C J Field, M B Azad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding may protect against excessive weight gain during infancy. However, the breast milk components responsible for this effect are unknown. We examined the variation of three breast milk hormones (adiponectin, leptin and insulin) according to maternal characteristics and determined their association with infant body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We studied a representative subset of 430 breastfed infants in the CHILD birth cohort...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903109/does-breastfeeding-shape-food-preferences-links-to-obesity
#13
Alison K Ventura
The first 2 years of life have been recognized as a critical window for obesity prevention efforts. This period is characterized by rapid growth and development and, in a relatively short period of time, a child transitions from a purely milk-based diet to a more varied solid-food diet. Much learning about food and eating occurs during this critical window, and it is well-documented that early feeding and dietary exposures predict later food preferences, eating behaviors, and dietary patterns. The focus of this review will be on the earliest feeding experiences - breast- and formula-feeding - and the unique role of breastfeeding in shaping children's food preferences...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898311/-breastfeeding-gross-motor-development-and-obesity-is-there-any-causal-association
#14
Gerardo Weisstaub N, Luisa Schonhaut B, Gabriela Salazar R
Childhood obesity is the main nutritional and public health problem in Chile, being the principal causes, the increase in energy dense foods and the decline of physical activity. Interventions to prevent obesity at infancy are focused mainly in improving quality and quantity of dietary intake, without taking into account physical activity, which is expressed under two years of age, mainly by motor development. Some studies have proven that motor development at early age, may influence the ability to perform physical activity...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885859/interventions-designed-to-promote-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-update
#15
Helen Skouteris, Cate Bailey, Cate Nagle, Yvonne Hauck, Lauren Bruce, Heather Morris
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, women seldom reach the recommended target of exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months postpartum. The aim of the current study was to update a previously published review that presented a conceptual and methodological synthesis of interventions designed to promote exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months in high-income countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of leading databases was conducted for scholarly, peer-reviewed, randomized controlled trials published from June 2013 to December 2016...
September 8, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880840/implementation-of-best-practices-in-obesity-prevention-in-child-care-facilities-the-arizona-empower-program-2013-2015
#16
Jillian Papa, Joan Agostinelli, Gertrudes Rodriguez, Deborah Robinson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major health concern in every US age group. Approximately one in 4 children in Arizona's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children is overweight or obese. The Arizona Department of Health Services developed the Empower program to promote healthy environments in licensed child care facilities. The program consists of 10 standards, including one standard for each of these 5 areas: physical activity and screen time, breastfeeding, fruit juice and water, family-style meals, and staff training...
September 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872892/prepregnancy-body-mass-index-shift-across-gestation-an-association-with-breastfeeding-practices
#17
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesco Cavallin, Pietro Guerrini, Martina Bertin, Gianluca Straface
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that mother's obesity and underweight are major risk factors for reduced initiation, duration, and exclusivity of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: We compared breastfeeding practices from discharge until the third postnatal month in women, accounting to prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and its shift across gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Data on maternal shifts in BMI category from prepregnancy to gestational BMI by gestational weight gain (GWG) were defined according to 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines...
September 5, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868814/exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-infant-adiposity-at-age-5%C3%A2-months-in-the-healthy-start-study
#18
B F Moore, K A Sauder, A P Starling, B M Ringham, D H Glueck, D Dabelea
BACKGROUND: Infant adiposity may be influenced by several environmental risk factors, but few studies have explored these interactions. OBJECTIVE: To examine the interaction between exposure to secondhand smoke and breastfeeding exclusivity on adiposity at age 5 months. METHODS: We studied 813 mother-offspring pairs from the longitudinal Healthy Start study. Fat mass and fat-free mass were measured by air displacement plethysmography. Linear regression analyses were used to estimate the association between household smokers (none, any) with fat mass, fat-free mass, percent fat mass, weight-for-age z-score, weight-for-length z-score and BMI-for-age z-score as separate outcomes...
August 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863267/obesity-as-a-predictor-of-delayed-lactogenesis-ii
#19
Irma Preusting, Jessica Brumley, Linda Odibo, Diane L Spatz, Judette M Louis
BACKGROUND: Lactogenesis II is the onset of copious milk production. A delay in this has been associated with an increased risk of formula supplementation and early cessation of breastfeeding. Prepregnancy obesity has also been associated with decreased breastfeeding rates and early cessation. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of prepregnancy obesity on self-reported delayed lactogenesis II. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of 216 women with a singleton pregnancy and who planned to breastfeed...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858606/improving-nutrition-and-physical-activity-policies-and-practices-in-early-care-and-education-in-three-states-2014-2016
#20
Teresa M Smith, Casey Blaser, Cristy Geno-Rasmussen, Julie Shuell, Catherine Plumlee, Tony Gargano, Amy L Yaroch
The National Early Care and Education Learning Collaboratives (ECELC) project aims to facilitate best practices in nutrition, physical activity, screen time, and breastfeeding support and infant feeding among early care and education (ECE) programs across multiple states. The project uses a train-the-trainer approach with 5, in-person learning-collaborative sessions, technical assistance, and action planning. We describe the longitudinal practice-based evaluation of the project and assess whether ECE programs evaluated (n = 104) sustained changes in policies and practices 1 year after completing the project...
August 31, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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