Read by QxMD icon Read

gastrointestinal haemorrhage

Sam Schulman, Peter L Gross, Bruce Ritchie, Susan Nahirniak, Yulia Lin, Lani Lieberman, Marc Carrier, Mark A Crowther, Indy Ghosh, Alejandro Lazo-Langner, Michelle Zondag
Oral factor Xa inhibitors are increasingly used for anticoagulation, but there is no approved reversal agent. Prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) for the management of Xa-inhibitor-associated bleeding has been described in small case series and one cohort study. Patients on apixaban or rivaroxaban, suffering a major bleed, were treated at nine Canadian hospitals as per existing hospital protocol with a fixed dose of PCC 2,000 units and subsequently recruited for a 30-day follow-up. The treating physician evaluated the haemostatic effectiveness as observed during the first day as good, moderate or poor/none, using an assessment guide...
March 21, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Jing Du, Ying Wang, Yan-Chun Li, Tong-Tong Wang, Yong-Lie Zhou, Zhen-Hua Ying
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that affects many organs, but multisystem dysfunction is rare. Here, we report a case of a 29-year-old woman who was initially diagnosed with SLE complications including lupus nephritis, lupus encephalopathy, renal hypertension, thrombocytopenia, anaemia and hyperkalaemia. She recovered following treatment with high dose methylprednisolone, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). However, a few days after hospital discharge, she developed gastrointestinal bleeding...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Tejas K Patel, Parvati B Patel
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of mortality among patients due to adverse drug reactions that lead to hospitalisation (fatal ADRAd ), to explore the heterogeneity in its estimation through subgroup analysis of study characteristics, and to identify system-organ classes involved and causative drugs for fatal ADRAd . METHODS: We identified prospective ADRAd -related studies via screening of the PubMed and Google Scholar databases with appropriate key terms...
March 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Lianne J P Sonnemans, Bela Kubat, Mathias Prokop, Willemijn M Klein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether virtual autopsy with postmortem CT (PMCT) improves clinical diagnosis of the immediate cause of death. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. INCLUSION CRITERIA: inhospital and out-of-hospital deaths over the age of 1 year in whom virtual autopsy with PMCT and conventional autopsy were performed. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: forensic cases, postmortal organ donors and cases with incomplete scanning procedures...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
S A Colgan, L A Green
OBJECTIVE: To develop a technique for permanent sterilisation of female eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) and red kangaroos (M. rufus) as part of a large-scale macropod management program on an enclosed 1545-ha site in western Sydney. METHODS: Free-ranging female kangaroos (n = 1409: 1285 eastern grey kangaroos, 124 red kangaroos) were anaesthetised via remote anaesthetic drug delivery of tiletamine/zolazepam, medetomidine and acepromazine prior to inhalational anaesthesia using isoflurane-oxygen...
March 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
Faisal Inayat, Waseem Amjad, Qulsoom Hussain, Abu Hurairah
Dieulafoy's lesion is an abnormally large, tortuous, submucosal vessel that erodes the overlying epithelium without primary ulceration or erosion. The lesion predominantly occurs in the proximal stomach but it is also reported in extragastric sites. The pathogenesis and precipitating factors are poorly understood. Patients frequently present with gastrointestinal haemorrhage that can range from being self-limited to massive life threatening. Although there are no standard guidelines, endoscopy has significantly impacted the diagnosis and management...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
N V Khatri, B Patel, D R Kohli, S S Solomon, K Bull-Henry, C M Kessler
INTRODUCTION: Lenalidomide is a thalidomide analog with anti-angiogenic properties. Previous case reports suggest its efficacy in preventing gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) secondary to angiodysplasia (AD) in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia and potentially in reversing AD. We present the first case series to explore lenalidomide as a treatment for AD-related GIB in patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to include patients with VWD, who were evaluated from 2010 to 2013 and who had received lenalidomide to treat recurrent GIB secondary to AD...
February 15, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Shankar Kumar, Simon de Lusignan, Andrew McGovern, Ana Correa, Mariya Hriskova, Piers Gatenby, Simon Jones, David Goldsmith, A John Camm
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between anticoagulation, ischaemic stroke, gastrointestinal and cerebral haemorrhage, and all cause mortality in older people with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease. DESIGN: Propensity matched, population based, retrospective cohort analysis from January 2006 through December 2016. SETTING: The Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre database population of almost 2...
February 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Cecilia Cundon, Claudia Carolina Carbonari, Gisela Zolezzi, Marta Rivas, Adriana Bentancor
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is th etiological agent of gastrointestinal diseases as haemorrhagic colitis and haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS). Shiga toxin (Stx) is the main virulence factor. There are two types, Stx1 and Stx2, and several subtypes. Other virulence factors are involved in pathogenesis. While O157:H7 is the predominant serotype, at present non-O157 STEC strains are increasingly recognized as foodborne pathogens worldwide. In Argentina, STEC O174 stands out as an emerging pathogen and is one of the four most prevalent non-O157 STEC serogroups...
February 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
A Maclaine, N Mashkour, J Scott, E Ariel
Ranaviruses infect and have been associated with mass mortality events in fish, amphibians and reptiles and are capable of interclass transmission. Eastern water dragons (EWDs), a semi-aquatic squamate, have an overlapping distribution with several species shown to be susceptible to Bohle iridovirus (BIV). However, this species has not been previously investigated, and no known mass mortalities have occurred in wild populations. Here we report the experimental infection of juvenile EWDs with BIV to investigate a water-dwelling lizards' susceptibility to a ranaviral strain present in northern Queensland, Australia...
January 31, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Andrew Holloway, Louise Groot, Klaartje van der Schaaf
Case summary: A 9-month-old female neutered domestic shorthair cat presented with a history of episodic ptyalism, lethargy and abnormal behaviour. The clinical signs together with elevated pre- and post-prandial bile acid concentrations were consistent with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). In the absence of a portosystemic shunt (PSS) on abdominal ultrasound, medical management of HE was established with a protein-restricted diet and lactulose and the neurological signs resolved. Following an episode of acute vomiting and haemorrhagic diarrhoea at 19 months of age abdominal ultrasonography was repeated...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Laura Green, Joachim Tan, Joan K Morris, Raza Alikhan, Nicola Curry, Tamara Everington, Rhona Mclean, Khalid Saja, Simon Stanworth, Campbell Tait, Peter MacCallum
The outcomes of patients developing major bleeding on oral anticoagulants remain largely unquantified. Objectives are to: 1) describe the burden of major haemorrhage associated with all available oral anticoagulants in terms of: proportion of bleeds which are intracranial-haemorrhages, in-hospital mortality and duration of hospitalisation following major bleeding; 2) identify risk factors for mortality; 3) compare characteristics of major haemorrhage between warfarin and direct-oral anticoagulants for the subgroup of atrial fibrillation and venous-thromboembolism patients...
January 25, 2018: Haematologica
Björn Tackenberg, Maximilian Schneider, Franz Blaes, Christian Eienbröker, Carmen Schade-Brittinger, Anne Wellek, Marcus Deschauer, Markus Eickmann, Hans-Dieter Klenk, Hans-Helge Müller, Norbert Sommer
BACKGROUND: It is a continuous matter of discussion whether immune activation by vaccination in general and Influenza vaccination in particular increases the risk for clinical deterioration of autoimmune diseases. This prospective study investigated the serological and clinical course of autoimmune Myasthenia gravis (MG) after a seasonal influenza vaccination. METHODS: This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study enrolled MG patients with antibodies against acetylcholine-receptors (AChR-ab)...
January 10, 2018: EBioMedicine
Nrushen Peesapati, Pbpr Naidu, S Sunitha, P V Sivaram
Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia, also known as Osler-Rendu-Weber disease is a rare autosomal dominant disorder affecting small vessels of multiple systems whose main pathological change is the presence of abnormal arteriovenous communications. Usually presents as skin and mucosal telangiectasias, epistaxis, gastrointestinal bleeding and visceral arteriovenous malformations. Although the epistaxis and gastrointestinal blood loss can result in anaemia, patients with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia rarely presents as severe anaemia1 or CNS infections...
September 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Sana Landolsi, Manel Landolsi, Saber Mannai
Spontaneous right hepatic artery branch gallbladder fistula is a rare condition. Our case reported a spontaneous fistula between the right branch of the hepatic artery and the gall bladder. It constitutes a rare cause of haemobilia. In fact, the most common aetiology of haemobilia is traumatic or iatrogenic secondary to hepatobiliary surgery or interventions. Diagnosis of vascular-biliary fistula is not easy. The gallbladder endoluminal clot can mimic a mass, as in our patient. Selective arterial angiography is helpful in identifying the source of gastrointestinal haemorrhage...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Charles Khouri, Marion Lepelley, Matthieu Roustit, François Montastruc, Marc Humbert, Jean-Luc Cracowski
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines recommend riociguat, a soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulator, and the type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitor (PDE5i) tadalafil or sildenafil as treatments for pulmonary arterial hypertension. We compared the safety profiles of sildenafil, tadalafil, and riociguat in pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: We combined two approaches. First, we performed a meta-analysis of safety data extracted from randomized controlled trials. Second, we conducted a disproportionality analysis of data from VigiBase, the World Health Organization's global database of individual case safety reports, to compare the safety profiles with real-life data...
December 21, 2017: Chest
E Iu Belousov, V V Soroka, K N Fomin
Acute thrombosis of the lower limb deep veins remains one of the most common vascular diseases. It is characterised by formation of thrombotic masses in the system of the deep veins of the lower extremities. A serious complication associated with deep vein thrombosis is pulmonary embolism. In rare cases, under certain conditions a massive and disseminated blockade of the venous outflow with thrombotic masses may lead to ischaemia of the extremity with the formation of superficial and deep necroses and later on to gangrene...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Iain A Murray, Harry R Dalton, Adrian J Stanley, Jing H Ngu, Brian Maybin, Mahmoud Eid, Kenneth G Madsen, Rozeta Abazi, Hamad Ashraf, Mohamed Abdelrahim, Rebecca Lissmann, Jenny Herrod, Christopher Jl Khor, Hock S Ong, Doreen Sc Koay, Yung K Chin, Stig B Laursen
Introduction: Out of hours admissions have higher mortality for many conditions but upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage studies have produced variable outcomes. Methods: Prospective study of 12 months consecutive admissions of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage from four international high volume centres. Admission period (weekdays, weeknights or weekends), demographics, haemodynamic parameters, laboratory results, endoscopy findings, further procedures and 30-day mortality were recorded...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Jacob S Gipson, Erica M Wood, Merrole F Cole-Sinclair, Zoe McQuilten, Neil Waters, Noel W Woodford
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the epidemiology of major bleeding fatalities. METHODS: A case series analysis of Australia's National Coronial Information System was conducted. Keywords were used to search for closed cases of major haemorrhage in the state of Victoria for the period 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2011. Coroners' findings, autopsy reports and police reports of cases were reviewed. Demographic data were extracted, and cases were assigned to a clinical bleeding context...
December 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Sandesh Vithal Parab, Pramod Govindrao Salve, Aruna Dahiphale, Rupesh Thakare, Amit Aiwale
Meckel's Diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of gastrointestinal tract, occurring in 2% of the population. It is a true diverticulum and histologically all four intestinal layers are present within MD. There are various complications related to a Meckel's diverticulum, including haemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, inflammation and perforation. Axial torsion followed by gangrene of MD is the rarest of the complications that have been reported. The exact mechanism for torsion is unclear. Preoperative diagnosis of torsion of MD is difficult and often confused with appendicitis as pain is usually localized to right lower quadrant...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"