keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

oesophagus dilation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869413/severe-oesophageal-disease-and-its-associations-with-systemic-sclerosis
#1
Georgios P Karamanolis, Konstantinos Denaxas, Stylianos Panopoulos, Kalliopi-Vasiliki Bournia, Alexandra Zorbala, Dimitrios Kamberoglou, Dimitrios Schizas, Spiros D Ladas, Petros P Sfikakis
OBJECTIVES: Severe oesophageal disease in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), referred as scleroderma oesophagus, is characterised by ineffective or absent peristalsis along with hypotensive oesophagogastric junction (hEGJ). The associations between scleroderma oesophagus and different clinical and laboratory manifestations of SSc is still controversial. In this study we aimed to assess associations between scleroderma oesophagus, diagnosed by high resolution manometry (HRM), and other manifestations of disease...
August 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839899/poem-and-the-management-of-achalasia
#2
Matthew Banks, Rami Sweis
Achalasia is a rare oesophageal motility disorder predominantly causing dysphagia and regurgitation of food and fluids. Diagnosis is made typically after a combination of tests including endoscopy, barium swallow and oesophageal manometry. The advent of high-resolution manometry has led to the Chicago Classification which divided achalasia into three types. This improved the understanding of presentation, prognosis and might also help tailor therapy. Botulinum toxin has been shown to have good, but short-term efficacy...
April 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782741/laparoscopic-and-open-transhiatal-oesophagectomy-for-corrosive-stricture-of-the-oesophagus-an-experience
#3
Vaibhav Kumar Varshney, Hirdaya H Nag, B G Vageesh
BACKGROUND: Oesophagectomy for corrosive stricture of the oesophagus (CSE) is rarely performed due to high risk of iatrogenic complications. The aims of this study were to review our experience of transhiatal oesophagectomy (THE) in patients with CSE as well as to compare results of open and laparoscopic methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data of patients with CSE who underwent open transhiatal oesophagectomy (OTE) or laparoscopic-assisted transhiatal oesophagectomy (LATE) by a single surgical team from 2012 to 2016...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692889/dynamic-real-time-in-vivo-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-of-the-fallopian-tube-during-laparoscopy-in-the-prevention-of-ovarian-cancer
#4
Gautier Chene, Lauriane Chauvy, Annie Buenerd, Stéphanie Moret, Béatrice Nadaud, Philippe Chabert, Gery Lamblin
OBJECTIVES: Recently it has been postulated that most ovarian cancers have a tubal origin. The identification of preinvasive tubal lesions would be of great interest in the early diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Optical biopsy has been developed and validated in the detection of precancerous lesions (such as Barrett's oesophagus). The first objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of optical biopsy in the study of fallopian tubes during laparoscopy. The second objective was to describe the images in benign premalignant and malignant tubes with a histopathological and immunohistochemical (p53 and Ki67 expressions) correlation...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606862/pathogenicity-profile-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-in-farmed-pacific-white-shrimp-penaeus-vannamei
#5
R Ananda Raja, R Sridhar, C Balachandran, A Palanisammi, S Ramesh, K Nagarajan
A pathobiological study was conducted using Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP) strain isolated from vibriosis affected shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) farms in Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur districts of Tamil Nadu during August 2014 to February 2015. The isolate was identified based on the morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular characters. LD50 value with intramuscular injection was determined as 2.6 × 10(4) cfu/shrimp and sequential pathology was studied giving 6.1 × 10(3) cfu/shrimp (LD25). Total plate count (TPC) and total Vibrio count (TVC) in water, pond sediment, haemolymph, muscle, HP and gut were found significantly (P < 0...
August 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508273/sleeve-gastrectomy-correlation-of-long-term-results-with-remnant-morphology-and-eating-disorders
#6
Daniele Tassinari, Rossana D Berta, Monica Nannipieri, Patrizia Giusti, Luca Di Paolo, Daniela Guarino, Marco Anselmino
BACKGROUND: Remnant dimension is considered one of the crucial elements determining the success of sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and dilation of the gastric fundus is often believed to be the main cause of failure. OBJECTIVES: The main outcome of this study is to find correlations between remnant morphology in the immediate post-operative stage, its dilation in years, and the long-term results. The second purpose aims to correlate preoperative eating disorders, taste alteration, hunger perception, and early satiety with post-SG results...
November 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408991/transplantation-of-tissue-engineered-cell-sheets-for-stricture-prevention-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-the-oesophagus
#7
Eduard Jonas, Sebastian Sjöqvist, Peter Elbe, Nobuo Kanai, Jenny Enger, Stephan L Haas, Ammar Mohkles-Barakat, Teruo Okano, Ryo Takagi, Takeshi Ohki, Masakazu Yamamoto, Makoto Kondo, Katrin Markland, Mei Ling Lim, Masayuki Yamato, Magnus Nilsson, Johan Permert, Pontus Blomberg, J-Matthias Löhr
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic mucosal dissection (ESD) is a treatment option for oesophagus tumours localized to the mucosa enabling en bloc removal of large lesions. The resulting larger mucosal defects have resulted in an increase in the occurrence of post-treatment strictures. Transplantation of autologous cell sheets, cultured from oral mucosa, has been shown to prevent post-ESD strictures. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of cell sheet transplantation after oesophageal ESD in a Western patient population where reflux-associated pre-malignant and malignant conditions predominate...
December 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326569/the-dynamics-of-the-oesophageal-squamous-epithelium-normalisation-process-in-patients-with-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease-treated-with-long-term-acid-suppression-or-anti-reflux-surgery
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L Mastracci, R Fiocca, C Engström, S Attwood, C Ell, J P Galmiche, J G Hatlebakk, G Långström, S Eklund, T Lind, L Lundell
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors and laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery (LARS) offer long-term symptom control to patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). AIM: To evaluate the process of 'normalisation' of the squamous epithelium morphology of the distal oesophagus on these therapies. METHODS: In the LOTUS trial, 554 patients with chronic GERD were randomised to receive either esomeprazole (20-40 mg daily) or LARS. After 5 years, 372 patients remained in the study (esomeprazole, 192; LARS, 180)...
May 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303554/imaging-of-the-oesophagus-beyond-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Thomas Marini, Amit Desai, Katherine Kaproth-Joslin, John Wandtke, Susan K Hobbs
Non-malignant oesophageal diseases are critical to recognize, but can be easily overlooked or misdiagnosed radiologically. In this paper, we cover the salient clinical features and imaging findings of non-malignant pathology of the oesophagus. We organize the many non-malignant diseases of the oesophagus into two major categories: luminal disorders and wall disorders. Luminal disorders include dilatation/narrowing (e.g. achalasia, scleroderma, and stricture) and foreign body impaction. Wall disorders include wall thickening (e...
June 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302230/distal-duodenal-varices-first-presentation-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#10
Inam -Ul- Haq, Amir Ali Shah, S Chandramohan
Varices are abnormal dilated veins which result from increased pressure in the portal circulation. Although the oesophagus and stomach are the most common sites for varices to develop, they may also occur as ectopic varices in the duodenum, rectum, and retroperitoneal areas. Isolated duodenal varices involving distal duodenum, particularly the fourth part of the duodenum, are extremely rare. However, such ectopic varices are associated with an increased risk of bleeding and mortality. Not only are they a diagnostic challenge, particularly if they present as a first manifestation of portal hypertension, they are also very difficult to treat due to their location...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265737/step-down-approach-for-pharyngoesophageal-corrosive-stricture-outcome-and-analysis
#11
Sundeep Singh Saluja, Vaibhav Kumar Varshney, Pramod Kumar Mishra, Siddharth Srivastava, Ravi Meher, Pritul Saxena
BACKGROUND: Pharyngoesophageal stricture (PES) is an Achilles' heel in the management of corrosive injury. Advances in endoscopic techniques were utilized in its management. We classified the stricture as per its dilatability and then planned their treatment. METHODS: PES was sub-categorized based on endoscopic dilatation and availability of cervical oesophagus: group-1 stricture with available cervical oesophagus; group-2 stricture with some part of upper oesophagus made available after endoscopic dilatation and anastomosis in cervico-pharyngeal area; group-3 stricture not amenable for dilatation, anastomosis done at the pharynx...
August 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062437/dieulafoy-s-lesion-of-the-oesophagus-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Faisal Inayat, Waqas Ullah, Qulsoom Hussain, Abu Hurairah
Dieulafoy's lesion is a vascular abnormality consisting of a tortuous, dilated aberrant submucosal vessel that erodes the overlying mucosal layer without ulceration. The oesophagus is a very rare location for the lesion. Herein, we report a case series of 3 patients who presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy was performed, which showed a large calibre-persistent tortuous submucosal artery protruding into the oesophageal lumen. All the patients were successfully managed with endoscopic intervention using epinephrine injection around the lesion followed by hemoclip application...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920642/recurrent-complete-pharyngo-oesophageal-stricture-treated-by-multidisciplinary-anterograde-retrograde-endoscopic-dilation
#13
Paulo Castro Soares, Salim Bouayed, Pavel Dulguerov, Jean-Louis Frossard
Complete pharyngo-oesophageal stricture (PES) after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer is a relatively rare and difficult complication to manage. Historically this condition has been treated surgically, but endoscopic approaches are now available. We present a 61-year-old man with an epidermoid carcinoma of the supraglottic stage and a micro-invasive epidermoid carcinoma of the oropharynx treated surgically and subsequently by adjuvant radiotherapy. Eight months after the end of the radiotherapy, a complete PES was diagnosed and treated with a combined anterograde-retrograde endoscopic dilation (CARD)...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891427/anaesthetic-management-of-a-case-of-down-s-syndrome-with-achalasia-cardia
#14
Neeta Santha, Madhusudan Upadya, Sravanthi Vishwanatham
Achalasia cardia is a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by dilatation of the oesophagus and collection of food and fluids in the oesophagus leading to massive regurgitation and aspiration of gastric contents. Down's syndrome has multisystem effects which can also present as difficult airway. Here, we present a case of a 14-year-old girl, a case of Down's syndrome with Achalasia cardia and mitral valve prolapse posted for Heller's cardiomyotomy. Anaesthetic concerns were difficult airway due to Downs's syndrome, massive aspiration risks of Achalasia cardia and haemodynamic instability due to mitral regurgitation...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878833/presence-of-intraepithelial-food-antigen-in-patients-with-active-eosinophilic-oesophagitis
#15
E V Marietta, D M Geno, T C Smyrk, A Becker, J A Alexander, M Camilleri, J A Murray, D A Katzka
BACKGROUND: Although eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is putatively mediated by an abnormal response to food antigen, the oesophagus is considered relatively impermeable to large molecules. AIM: To assess whether food antigens penetrate the oesophageal mucosa in patients with EoE. METHODS: Anti-gliadin staining was performed in three groups: active EoE, inactive EoE and EoE patients on a low or gluten free diet. To appraise the specificity of our results, we also performed gliadin staining on six patients without oesophageal disease who were consuming gluten...
February 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799228/synchronous-perforations-of-the-oesophagus-and-stomach-by-air-insufflation-an-uncommon-complication-of-endoscopic-dilation
#16
Arthur M Fung, Fion S Chan, Ian Y Wong, Simon Law
A 72-year-old woman had a history of carcinoma of the hypopharynx treated by total laryngectomy, circumferential pharyngectomy and free jejunal graft. Endoscopic dilation of the pharyngojejunal anastomotic stricture resulted in synchronous perforations of the oesophagus and stomach. We postulate that the perforations were caused by high intraoesophageal and intragastric pressure resulted from air insufflation during the procedure; in a situation simulating closed-loop obstruction, because of proximal obstruction by the endoscope at the stricture site and distal obstruction by pylorospasm...
October 31, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758725/-dysphagia-in-children
#17
E Ten Velde, B C Gonera-de Jong
In this case report we discuss two children with dysphagia. Both presented with difficulties in swallowing and oesophageal impaction of solid food. The first case involves a 16-year-old boy who suffered from dysphagia for many years. After a long diagnostic journey, during which a psychogenic cause was suspected, he was diagnosed with oesophageal achalasia. After a balloon dilatation of the lower oesophageal sphincter his complaints persisted and the treatment procedure was repeated. The second case involves a 15-year-old girl, who presented with a food impaction in the distal oesophagus...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704201/technical-feasibility-and-tissue-reaction-after-silicone-covered-biodegradable-magnesium-stent-insertion-in-the-oesophagus-a-primary-study-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#18
Yue-Qi Zhu, Laura Edmonds, Li-Ming Wei, Rei-La Zheng, Ruo-Yu Cheng, Wen-Guo Cui, Ying-Sheng Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Determine the feasibility of and tissue response to biodegradable magnesium-silicone stent insertion into the oesophagus of rabbits. METHODS: Mechanical compression-recovery and degradation behaviours of the stents were investigated in vitro. Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into a magnesium-silicone stent group (n = 15) that received stent insertion into the lower 1/3 of the oesophagus under fluoroscopic guidance and a control group (n = 15)...
June 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379433/double-lumen-poliamid-tube-stent-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-post-corrosive-oesophageal-stenosis
#19
Marek Woynarowski, Maciej Dądalski, Violetta Wojno, Mikołaj Teisseyre, Leszek Hurkała, Emil Płowiecki
This paper presents the results of endoscopic treatment for recurrent post-corrosive oesophageal stenosis with a tube-stent developed at our institution.The tube-stent was implanted in five children with corrosive oesophageal injury at the age of 2-8.5 years after 7-64 dilatation sessions over 5-118 months. In total, 13 tube-stent were implanted. One patient had nine procedures over 2.5 years and the tube-stent remained in place for 14-250 days. This patient was tube-stent-dependent due to the lack of any possibility of surgical reconstruction...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349160/achalasia-a-13-year-single-centre-experience-comparing-endoscopic-balloon-dilatation-and-laparoscopic-heller-myotomy
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alexander Huelsen, Ramadan Oumer, Anna Ashcroft, Ross H Roberts, Grant N Coulter, Steven J Kelly, Murray L Barclay
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic achalasia is a non-curable, primary motility disorder of the oesophagus. Most established long-term palliative treatment options are laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) and endoscopic balloon dilatation (BD). AIM: We aimed to compare the outcome of both therapies and the risk of serious complications, defined as perforation or death, in a single-centre series. METHOD: In this retrospective study, patients with BD or LHM were identified from 1997-2010...
April 22, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
34781
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"