keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adolescent brain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532135/anthropometric-analysis-of-cephalofacial-dimensions-in-kerman-iran
#1
Fatemeh Pouya, Seyed Hassan Eftekhar-Vaghefi, Parvin Salehinejad
The human body dimensions are affected by ecological, biological, geographical, racial, sex, and age factors. Craniofacial measurements can be considered to be one of the important tools for determination of the morphological characteristics of the head and face. In this study, which was conducted on Persian adolescents living in Kerman/Iran, different forms of head and face were determined for using in various aspects of medicine. The study was conducted on 732 participants including 366 males and 366 females in the age of 18-20-year-old...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530073/-red-herring-complaints-in-an-eighteen-years-old-female-with-a-hydatid-cyst-of-the-lung
#2
Nasser Nadim
Brain and eye hydatid cysts are early symptomatic, as opposed to those developing in other organs, including lungs, where they remain asymptomatic through adolescence, even to adulthood, due to their slow growth. Hence, discovering that patients have lung hydatid cyst occurs, frequently, during random chest imaging. Up to thirty percent of pulmonary echinococcal cysts may rupture spontaneously, after chest or abdominal trauma. The main lung hydatidosis complaints, such as dyspnea and chest pain, are caused by the reduction of the functional area of the lung, expectoration of the tapeworm cystoides into the bronchial tree, or by compression of surrounding structures...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529052/prenatal-melamine-exposure-induces-impairments-of-spatial-cognition-and-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity-in-female-adolescent-rats
#3
Lei An, Wei Sun
Developmental exposure to melamine induces long-term effects on brain and behavior in male rodents. To examine whether this prenatal event damages cognitive function in female offspring, we evaluated the behavioral effects and further attempted to investigate synaptic function. Prenatal melamine exposure (PME) was given by oral treatment to pregnant females through the whole gestational days with 400mg/day/kg bodyweight. On postnatal day (PD) 36, female offspring were assessed for spatial cognition in the Morris Water Maze (MWM) test...
May 18, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527683/association-of-val66met-polymorphism-at-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-with-depression-among-chinese-adolescents-after-wenchuan-earthquake-an-18months-longitudinal-study
#4
Mei Fan, Rong Hui Li, Min Shan Hu, Li Ying Xiao, Xue Dong Zhou, Mao Sheng Ran, Ding Zhi Fang
To longitudinally investigate the association of Val66Met polymorphism at brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (BDNF) with depression in Chinese Han adolescents after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, BDNF Val66Met was identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses and verified by DNA sequencing. Depression was assessed by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) among high school students at 6, 12 and 18months after the earthquake. The results showed that the females constantly had higher depression prevalence than the males during the follow-up in the Met allele carriers, but not in the Val/Val homozygotes...
May 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527643/parental-knowledge-and-recall-of-concussion-discharge-instructions
#5
Danny George Thomas, Lia Bradley, Ashley Servi, Suzanne Reilly, Jennifer Niskala Apps, Michael McCrea, Thomas Hammeke
INTRODUCTION: Children increasingly are being seen in the emergency department for a concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). A key aim of the ED visit is to provide discharge advice that can help parents to identify an evolving neurosurgical crisis, facilitate recovery, and prevent reinjury. The present study examined parents' knowledge of symptoms and recall of discharge instructions after their adolescent's mTBI and the effect of supplementing written discharge instructions with verbal instruction and reinforcement...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524211/-rehabilitation-treatment-in-child-and-youth-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury
#6
M T Varas-Arias, S Rodriguez-Palero
Brain injury is one of the most frequent causes of death and disability in the child and adolescent. The improvement in patient care in the acute moment and the evolution of health care has meant and increase in the survival of these patients and also of the sequelae. Physical, cognitive-behavioral or organic symptoms are usually. The second is being one of the most frequent and most limiting in these patients. The brain injury affects the patient but involves the whole family because of the disability and the dependence it entails...
May 17, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520681/delayed-dural-leak-following-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-idiopathic-scoliosis-using-all-posterior-pedicle-screw-technique
#7
Lorena V Floccari, A Noelle Larson, Anthony A Stans, Jeremy Fogelson, Iikka Helenius
BACKGROUND: In pediatric patients, pedicle screws are malpositioned 5% to 15% of the time. Complications associated with malpositioned screws are infrequently reported in the literature. We present a series of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients who presented in a delayed manner with positional headache and chronic dural leak adjacent to the pedicle screw tract. METHODS: Scoliosis databases at 2 centers were reviewed, and cases of delayed positional headaches following posterior spinal fusion for AIS were identified...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520669/investigating-the-connection-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-adolescents
#8
Tara Rhine, Amy Cassedy, Keith Owen Yeates, Hudson Gerry Taylor, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To identify potentially modifiable individual and social-environmental correlates of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among adolescents hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Four pediatric hospitals and 1 general hospital in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Children ages 11 to 18 years, hospitalized for moderate-severe TBI within the past 18 months. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520668/structural-connectivity-related-to-persistent-symptoms-after-mild-tbi-in-adolescents-and-response-to-aerobic-training-preliminary-investigation
#9
Weihong Yuan, Shari L Wade, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Jason A Hugentobler, Paul J Gubanich, Brad G Kurowski
OBJECTIVE: To quantify structural connectivity abnormalities in adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to investigate connectivity changes following aerobic training using graph theory and diffusion tensor imaging tractography. SETTING: Outpatient research setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two children (age: 15.83 ± 1.77 years, 10 females) with 4 to 16 weeks of persistent symptoms after mTBI and a matched healthy comparison group...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514694/the-association-of-prenatal-cocaine-exposure-externalizing-behavior-and-adolescent-substance-use
#10
Sonia Minnes, Meeyoung O Min, June-Yung Kim, Meredith W Francis, Adelaide Lang, Miaoping Wu, Lynn T Singer
Prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) may increase adolescent substance use through alterations of neurotransmitter systems affecting fetal brain development. The relationship between PCE and substance use at 15 and 17 years was examined. Subjects (365: 186 PCE; 179 non-cocaine exposed (NCE)) supplied biologic and self-report data using the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) and Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (C-DISC 4) at ages 15 and 17. The relationship between PCE and substance use was assessed using General Estimating Equation (GEE) analyses controlling for confounding factors including violence exposure and preschool lead level...
March 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511835/adcy5-related-movement-disorders-frequency-disease-course-and-phenotypic-variability-in-a-cohort-of-paediatric-patients
#11
Miryam Carecchio, Niccolò E Mencacci, Alessandro Iodice, Roser Pons, Celeste Panteghini, Giovanna Zorzi, Federica Zibordi, Anastasios Bonakis, Argyris Dinopoulos, Joseph Jankovic, Leonidas Stefanis, Kailash P Bhatia, Valentina Monti, Lea R'Bibo, Liana Veneziano, Barbara Garavaglia, Carlo Fusco, Nicholas Wood, Maria Stamelou, Nardo Nardocci
INTRODUCTION: ADCY5 mutations have been recently identified as an important cause of early-onset hyperkinetic movement disorders. The phenotypic spectrum associated with mutations in this gene is expanding. However, the ADCY5 mutational frequency in cohorts of paediatric patients with hyperkinetic movement disorders has not been evaluated. METHODS: We performed a screening of the entire ADCY5 coding sequence in 44 unrelated subjects with genetically undiagnosed childhood-onset hyperkinetic movement disorders, featuring chorea alone or in combination with myoclonus and dystonia...
May 10, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507895/diverging-volumetric-trajectories-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Emily L Dennis, Joshua Faskowitz, Faisal Rashid, Talin Babikian, Richard Mink, Christopher Babbitt, Jeffrey Johnson, Christopher C Giza, Neda Jahanshad, Paul M Thompson, Robert F Asarnow
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant public health concern, and can be especially disruptive in children, derailing on-going neuronal maturation in periods critical for cognitive development. There is considerable heterogeneity in post-injury outcomes, only partially explained by injury severity. Understanding the time course of recovery, and what factors may delay or promote recovery, will aid clinicians in decision-making and provide avenues for future mechanism-based therapeutics. We examined regional changes in brain volume in a pediatric/adolescent moderate-severe TBI (msTBI) cohort, assessed at two time points...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506926/high-times-for-cannabis-epigenetic-imprint-and-its-legacy-on-brain-and-behavior
#13
REVIEW
Henrietta Szutorisz, Yasmin L Hurd
Extensive debates continue regarding marijuana (Cannabis spp), the most commonly used illicit substance in many countries worldwide. There has been an exponential increase of cannabis studies over the past two decades but the drug's long-term effects still lack in-depth scientific data. The epigenome is a critical molecular machinery with the capacity to maintain persistent alterations of gene expression and behaviors induced by cannabinoids that have been observed across the individual's lifespan and even into the subsequent generation...
May 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506925/social-connectedness-mental-health-and-the-adolescent-brain
#14
REVIEW
M Lamblin, C Murawski, S Whittle, A Fornito
Social relationships promote health and wellbeing. Brain regions regulating social behavior continue to develop throughout adolescence, as teens learn to navigate their social environment with increasing sophistication. Adolescence is also a time of increased risk for the development of psychiatric disorders, many of which are characteristically associated with social dysfunction. In this review, we consider the links between adolescent brain development and the broader social environment. We examine evidence that individual differences in social ability, partly determined by genetic influences on brain structure and function, impact the quality and quantity of social ties during adolescence and that, conversely, the structure of one's social network exerts complex yet profound influences on individual behavior and mental health...
May 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504422/effects-of-mobile-phones-on-children-s-and-adolescents-health-a-commentary
#15
Lennart Hardell
The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless phone. An evaluation of the scientific evidence on the brain tumor risk was made in May 2011 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at World Health Organization...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503890/co-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-treated-with-proton-beam-therapy
#16
Hiroko Fukushima, Takashi Fukushima, Ryoko Suzuki, Atsushi Iwabuchi, Kyoko Hidaka, Kouji Masumoto, Ai Muroi, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Masashi Mizumoto, Hideyuki Sakurai, Ryo Sumazaki
INTRODUCTION: The ratio of childhood cancer survival achieves over 80% recently. Various adverse events among childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) has been reported. Proton beams are able to avoid unnecessary irradiation to normal/vital organs. We conducted a quality of life (QOL) study for CCSs who were treated with proton beam therapy (PBT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included those treated with PBT to the brain, head, or neck ≤15 years old at the University of Tsukuba Hospital from 1983 to 2011...
May 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501711/protection-of-cortex-by-overlying-meninges-tissue-during-dynamic-indentation-of-the-adolescent-brain
#17
David B MacManus, Baptiste Pierrat, Jeremiah G Murphy, Michael D Gilchrist
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become a recent focus of biomedical research with a growing international effort targeting material characterization of brain tissue and simulations of trauma using computer models of the head and brain to try to elucidate the mechanisms and pathogenesis of TBI. The meninges, a collagenous protective tri-layer which encloses the entire brain and spinal cord has been largely overlooked in these material characterization studies. This has resulted in a lack of accurate constitutive data for the cranial meninges, particularly under dynamic conditions such as those experienced during head impacts...
May 10, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499916/effects-of-neonatal-and-adolescent-neuroactive-steroid-manipulation-on-locomotor-activity-induced-by-ethanol-in-male-wistar-rats
#18
Iris Bartolomé, Anna Llidó, Sònia Darbra, Marc Pallarès
Neonatal neuroactive steroids levels are crucial for brain development. Alterations of neonatal neuroactive steroids levels induce anxiolytic-like effects and improve exploration in novel environments in adulthood. These behavioural traits, i.e. sensation/novelty seeking, anxiety or impulsivity, are associated with vulnerability to drug use and abuse. Adolescence is also recognized as a particularly critical developmental phase to contribute to vulnerable phenotype. However, the influence of neuroactive steroids during development in the vulnerability to drug addiction has been poorly studied...
May 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498515/brain-structure-linking-delay-discounting-and-academic-performance
#19
Song Wang, Feng Kong, Ming Zhou, Taolin Chen, Xun Yang, Guangxiang Chen, Qiyong Gong
As a component of self-discipline, delay discounting refers to the ability to wait longer for preferred rewards and plays a pivotal role in shaping students' academic performance. However, the neural basis of the association between delay discounting and academic performance remains largely unknown. Here, we examined the neuroanatomical substrates underlying delay discounting and academic performance in 214 adolescents via voxel-based morphometry (VBM) by performing structural magnetic resonance imaging (S-MRI)...
May 12, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498277/influence-of-visceral-interoceptive-experience-on-the-brain-s-response-to-food-images-in-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Kara L Kerr, Scott E Moseman, Jason A Avery, Jerzy Bodurka, W Kyle Simmons
OBJECTIVE: To determine how visceral sensations affect responses to food stimuli in anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Twenty weight-restored, unmedicated adolescent and young adult women with AN and twenty healthy control participants completed an interoceptive attention task during which they focused on sensations from the heart, stomach, and bladder and made ratings of these sensations. They then underwent fMRI scanning while viewing pictures of food and non-food objects...
May 12, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
keyword
keyword
34780
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"