keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Comparative outcomes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786898/adults-with-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-alcohol-use-disorder-and-opioid-use-disorder-the-effectiveness-of-modified-prolonged-exposure
#1
Kelly R Peck, Julie A Schumacher, Paul R Stasiewicz, Scott F Coffey
Opioid use disorders (OUDs) are a growing problem in the United States. When OUDs co-occur with problematic drinking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), negative drug-related mental and physical health outcomes may be exacerbated. Thus, it is important to establish whether PTSD treatments with established efficacy for dually diagnosed individuals also demonstrate efficacy in individuals who engage in problematic drinking and concurrent opioid misuse. Adults who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for PTSD and alcohol dependence were recruited from a substance use treatment facility and were randomly assigned to receive either modified prolonged exposure (mPE) therapy for PTSD or a non-trauma-focused comparison treatment...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786830/blue-light-filtering-intraocular-lenses-iols-for-protecting-macular-health
#2
REVIEW
Laura E Downie, Ljoudmila Busija, Peter R Keller
BACKGROUND: An intraocular lens (IOL) is a synthetic lens that is surgically implanted within the eye following removal of the crystalline lens, during cataract surgery. While all modern IOLs attenuate the transmission of ultra-violet (UV) light, some IOLs, called blue-blocking or blue-light filtering IOLs, also reduce short-wavelength visible light transmission. The rationale for blue-light filtering IOLs derives primarily from cell culture and animal studies, which suggest that short-wavelength visible light can induce retinal photoxicity...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786828/oral-contraceptives-for-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#3
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Shree Datta, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition which affects many women of reproductive age worldwide and is a major cause of pain and infertility. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is widely used to treat pain occurring as a result of endometriosis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of oral contraceptive preparations in the treatment of painful symptoms ascribed to the diagnosis of laparoscopically proven endometriosis...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786822/volar-locking-plate-versus-k-wire-supported-external-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-ao-asif-type-c-distal-radius-fractures-a-comparison-of-functional-and-radiological-outcomes
#4
Altuğ Duramaz, Mustafa Gökhan Bilgili, Evren Karaali, Berhan Bayram, Nezih Ziroğlu, Cemal Kural
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the functional and radiological outcomes of K-wire-supported bridging external fixation (KW-EF) and volar locking plate (VLP) in the treatment of comminuted intra-articular distal radius fractures. METHODS: Patients treated for complex intra-articular distal radius fractures between February 2010 and April 2013 were retrospectively investigated. A total of 114 patients (42 females and 72 males) with a mean age of 44...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786817/targeted-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-focused-on-the-family-members-of-high-risk-patients-at-a-regional-medical-center-a-comparison-between-family-members-of-high-risk-and-no-risk-patients
#5
Kap Su Han, Ji Sung Lee, Su Jin Kim, Sung Woo Lee
BACKGROUND: We developed a hospital-based cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training model focused on the target population (family members of patients with potential risks for cardiac arrest) and compared the outcome of CPR training between target and non-target populations for validity. METHODS: Family members of patients in training were divided into three groups on the basis of patients' diseases, as follows: 1) the cardio-specific (CS) risk group, including family members of patients with cardiac disease at risk of cardiac arrest; 2) the cardiovascular (CV) risk group, including family members of patients with risk factors for cardiovascular disease; and 3) the no-risk group...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786773/survival-analysis-according-to-period-and-analysis-of-the-factors-influencing-changes-in-survival-in-patients-with-recurrent-breast-cancer-a-large-scale-single-center-study
#6
Sae Byul Lee, Guiyun Sohn, Jisun Kim, Il Yong Chung, Jong Won Lee, Hee Jeong Kim, Beom Seok Ko, Byung Ho Son, Sei-Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND: We performed this study to analyze changing survival patterns regarding recurrent breast cancer in Korea during the last 16 years (1993-2008). We also sought to determine factors possibly influencing outcomes and changes over time in the duration of survival after recurrence. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 9671 patients with breast cancer treated between January 1993 and December 2008, comparing the periods 1993-2002 and 2003-2008.We retrospectively reviewed the collected database including the age at diagnosis, clinical manifestations, pathology report, surgical methods, types of adjuvant treatment modalities, type of recurrence, and follow-up period...
May 21, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786727/rational-design-of-multi-functional-gold-nanoparticles-with-controlled-biomolecule-adsorption-a-multi-method-approach-for-in-depth-characterization
#7
Isaac Ojea-Jiménez, Robin Capomaccio, Inês Osório, Dora Mehn, Giacomo Ceccone, Rohanah Hussain, Giuliano Siligardi, Pascal Colpo, François Rossi, Douglas Gilliland, Luigi Calzolai
Multi-functionalized nanoparticles are of great interest in biotechnology and biomedicine, especially for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. However, at the moment the characterization of complex, multi-functional nanoparticles is still challenging and this hampers the development of advanced nanomaterials for biological applications. In this work, we have designed a model system consisting of gold nanoparticles functionalized with two differentially-terminated poly(ethylene oxide) ligands, providing both "stealth" properties and protein-binding capabilities to the nanoparticles...
May 22, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786633/the-effect-of-nitrate-supplementation-on-exercise-tolerance-and-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Gavin P Van De Walle, Matthew D Vukovich
Van De Walle, GP and Vukovich, MD. The effect of nitrate supplementation on exercise tolerance and performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1796-1808, 2018-The purpose of this article was to systematically review the current literature and evaluate the overall efficacy of nitrate supplementation on exercise tolerance and performance by meta-analysis. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they met the following criteria: (a) were an experimental trial published in an English peer-reviewed journal; (b) compared the effects of inorganic nitrate consumption with a non-bioactive supplement control or placebo; (c) used a quantifiable measure of exercise performance; and (d) was carried out in apparently healthy participants without disease...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786555/innate-immunity-in-stem-cell-derived-hepatocytes
#9
REVIEW
Lena Fischer, David C Hay, Cliona O'Farrelly
Stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) offer great opportunities for studies of host-pathogen interactions and tissue regeneration, as well as hepatotoxicity. To reliably predict the outcome of infection or to enhance graft survival, a finely tuned innate immune system is essential. Hepatocytes have long been considered solely metabolic and their critical innate immune potential is only recently gaining attention. Viral infection studies show that pathogen detection by cytosolic receptors leads to interferon (IFN) induction in primary hepatocytes and HLCs...
July 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786546/flt3-itd-compared-with-dnmt3a-r882-mutation-is-a-more-powerful-independent-inferior-prognostic-factor-in-adult-aml-patients-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Majid Teremmahi Ardestani, Ahmad Kazemi, Bahram Chahardouli, Saeed Mohammadi, Mohsen Nikbakht, Shahrbano Rostami, Mahdi Jalili, Mohammad Vaezi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
OBJECTIVE: To identify DNMT3A exon 23 mutations and their prognostic impact in the presence of FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients treated with Allo-HSCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed128 adult AML patients referred to the Hematology-Oncology & Stem Cell Research Center of Shariati hospital. FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutations were detected using fragment analysis. For DNMT3A exon 23 mutation analysis, we used Sanger sequencing...
May 22, 2018: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786537/complete-two-year-follow-up-with-formal-non-inferiority-testing-on-primary-outcomes-of-the-aida-trial-comparing-the-absorb-bioresorbable-scaffold-with-the-xience-drug-eluting-metallic-stent-in-routine-pci
#11
Ruben Yannick G Tijssen, Robin P Kraak, Sjoerd H Hofma, Rene J van der Schaaf, Karin Arkenbout, Auke Weevers, Joelle Elias, Ivo M van Dongen, Karel T Koch, Jan Baan, Marije Vis, Robbert J de Winter, Jan J Piek, Jan G P Tijssen, Jose P S Henriques, Joanna J Wykrzykowska
AIMS: The aim of this report of the AIDA trial is to provide full two-year outcomes for the primary endpoint of target vessel failure (TVF) and an update on device thrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: AIDA was a single-blind, multicentre, investigator-initiated, non-inferiority, randomised (1:1) clinical trial. At complete two-year follow-up, the primary endpoint of TVF had occurred in 100 patients in the Absorb BVS arm versus 90 patients in the XIENCE EES arm (HR 1...
May 22, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786530/meta-analysis-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-oral-anti-coagulants-in-patients-requiring-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Hammad Rahman, Safi U Khan, Michael DePersis, Tehseen Hammad, Fahad Nasir, Edo Kaluski
BACKGROUND: The ideal oral anticoagulant agent during catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) remained unclear. HYPOTHESIS: Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are safer and effective compared to uninterrupted vitamin K antagonists (U-VKA) among patients requiring CA for AF. METHODS: Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 9 observational studies (OS) were selected using PubMed/Medline, EMBASE and the CENTRAL data bases (Inception-December-2017)...
May 9, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786521/mortality-diarrhea-and-respiratory-disease-in-danish-dairy-heifer-calves-effect-of-production-system-and-season
#13
M Reiten, T Rousing, P T Thomsen, N D Otten, B Forkman, H Houe, J T Sørensen, M K Kirchner
Diarrhea and respiratory disease are major health problems for dairy calves, often causing calf mortality. Previous studies have found calf mortality to be higher in organic dairy herds compared to conventional herds. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between production system (conventional/organic), season (summer/winter) and calf mortality risk, diarrhea, signs of respiratory disease and ocular discharge, respectively, for dairy heifer calves aged 0-180 days. Sixty Danish dairy herds, 30 conventional and 30 organic, were visited once during summer and once during winter...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786469/estimation-versus-falsification-approaches-in-sport-and-exercise-science
#14
Michael Wilkinson, Edward M Winter
There has been a recent resurgence in debate about methods for statistical inference in science. The debate addresses statistical concepts and their impact on the value and meaning of analyses' outcomes. In contrast, philosophical underpinnings of approaches and the extent to which analytical tools match philosophical goals of the scientific method have received less attention. This short piece considers application of the scientific method to "what-is-the-influence-of x-on-y" type questions characteristic of sport and exercise science...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786464/what-can-we-learn-from-diffusion-tensor-imaging-from-a-large-traumatic-brain-injury-cohort-white-matter-integrity-and-its-relationship-with-outcome
#15
Ana M Castaño-Leon, Marta Cicuendez, Blanca Navarro, Pablo M Munarriz, Santiago Cepeda, Igor Paredes, Amaya Hilario, Ana Ramos, Pedro Antonio Gomez, Alfonso Lagares
Traumatic axonal injury (TAI) contributes significantly to mortality and morbidity after traumatic brain injury (TBI) but its identification is still a diagnostic challenge because of the limitations of conventional imaging techniques to characterized it. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can indirectly identify areas of damaged white matter (WM) integrity by detecting water molecules diffusion alterations. Therefore, DTI may improve detection and description of TAI lesions after TBI. We have obtained DTI data from 217 patients with moderate to severe TBI acquired at median 19 days after TBI were and patient DTI metrics were compared with data obtained from 58 age-matched healthy controls...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786405/surgical-versus-endovascular-revascularization-of-subclavian-artery-arteriosclerotic-disease
#16
Marco V Usai, Michel J Bosiers, Theodosios Bisdas, Giovanni Torsello, Efthymis Beropoulis, Bernd Kasprzak, Arne Stachmann, Konstantinos Stavroulakis
BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment offers an alternative less-invasive approach to open repair for subclavian artery atherosclerotic disease (SAAD). However, only few studies compared the outcomes of both strategies in the long run. This study reports on the performance of endovascular and surgical revascularization for SAAD. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients treated for SAAD at two institutions between January 1998 and December 2015. Primary outcome of this study was the composite endpoint of re-intervention-free survival (RFS) defined as time to re-intervention and/or death from any cause...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786165/comparative-study-of-1-year-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-using-robot-assisted-pedicle-screw-fixation-and-freehand-technique-in-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ho-Joong Kim, Kyoung-Tak Kang, Heoung-Jae Chun, Ji Sup Hwang, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of surgery using robot-assisted posterior interbody fusion with that using freehand posterior interbody fusion in patients with degenerative spinal disease. METHODS: 78 participants with degenerative spinal disease were randomly allocated (1:1) to the minimally invasive (MIS), posterior lumbar interbody fusion (Robot-PLIF) or conventional, freehand, open-approach, posterior lumbar interbody fusion (Freehand-PLIF)...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786155/is-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-consistent-with-clinic-recordings
#18
Erkan Kalafat, Iffat Mir, Helen Perry, Basky Thilaganathan, Asma Khalil
OBJECTIVES: To assess the agreement of home blood-pressure monitoring (HBPM) and office blood pressure measurements in a cohort of pregnant women with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy (HDP). METHODS: This was a cohort study at St George's Hospital, University of London conducted between years 2016 and 2017. The inclusion criteria were chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension or high risk of developing preeclampsia, no significant proteinuria and no hematological or biochemical abnormalities...
May 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786153/vasa-previa-screening-strategies-a-decision-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#19
R G Sinkey, A O Odibo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to perform a decision and cost-effectiveness analysis comparing four screening strategies for the antenatal diagnosis of vasa previa among singleton pregnancies. METHODS: A decision-analytic model was constructed comparing vasa previa screening strategies. Published probabilities and costs were applied to four transvaginal screening scenarios which occurred at the time of mid-trimester ultrasound: no screening, ultrasound-indicated screening, screening pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF), and universal screening...
May 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786087/a-comparison-of-23-gauge-and-20-gauge-vitrectomy-for-proliferative-sickle-cell-retinopathy-clinical-outcomes-and-surgical-management
#20
Jason Ho, Anna Grabowska, Marta Ugarte, Mahiul Mk Muqit
AIMS: To report anatomical and functional outcomes in patients with proliferative sickle retinopathy (PSR) who underwent 23-gauge (23G) and 20-gauge (20G) vitrectomy. METHODS: Retrospective consecutive case series of patients who underwent vitreoretinal intervention for complications of PSR between April 2009 and February 2015. Operations were performed at a tertiary referral centre, Moorfields Eye Hospital. Visual acuity and anatomical success rates were evaluated for PSR complicated by retinal detachment, tractional vitreous haemorrhage and macular hole...
May 22, 2018: Eye
keyword
keyword
34776
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"