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Menopause contraception depression anxiety

Tianyi Huang, Shelley S Tworoger, Jonathan L Hecht, Megan S Rice, Anil K Sood, Laura D Kubzansky, Elizabeth M Poole
BACKGROUND: The β2 -adrenergic signaling pathway mediates the effects of chronic stress on ovarian cancer progression in mouse models. The relevance of this pathway to human ovarian cancer remains unknown. METHODS: We assessed tumor expression of β2 -adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) using tissue microarrays in 237 ovarian cancer cases from the Nurses' Health Studies (NHS/NHSII). Competing risks Cox regression was used to evaluate whether associations of reproductive, hormonal, and psychosocial factors with ovarian cancer risk differed by ADRB2...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Rafia Rafique, Afifa Anjum
BACKGROUND: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) occurs to a greater extent in developed than developing countries like Pakistan. Our understanding of risk factors leading to this disease in women, are largely derived from studies carried out on samples obtained from developed countries. Since prevalence of CHD in Pakistan is growing, it seems pertinent to infer risk and protective factors prevalent within the Pakistani women. This case control study investigated the role of psychological, traditional and gender specific risk and protective factors for Angina in a sample of Pakistani women aged between 35-65 years...
October 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Juan E Blümel, Peter Chedraui, Sócrates Aedo, Juan Fica, Edward Mezones-Holguín, Germán Barón, Ascanio Bencosme, Zully Benítez, Luz M Bravo, Andrés Calle, Daniel Flores, María T Espinoza, Gustavo Gómez, José A Hernández-Bueno, Fiorella Laribezcoa, Mabel Martino, Selva Lima, Alvaro Monterrosa, Desiree Mostajo, Eliana Ojeda, William Onatra, Hugo Sánchez, Konstatinos Tserotas, María S Vallejo, Silvina Witis, María C Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity increases during female mid-life and although many factors have been identified, data from Latin America is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess factors related to obesity among middle-aged women and determine the association with depressive symptoms, sedentary lifestyle and other factors. METHODS: A total of 6079 women aged 40-59 years of 11 Latin American countries were asked to fill out the Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Menopause Rating Scale, the Athens Insomnia Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and a general questionnaire containing personal socio-demographic data, anthropometric measures and lifestyle information...
January 2015: Maturitas
A Monterrosa-Castro, J E Blümel, K Portela-Buelvas, E Mezones-Holguín, G Barón, A Bencosme, Z Benítez, L M Bravo, A Calle, P Chedraui, D Flores, M T Espinoza, G Gómez, J A Hernández-Bueno, F Laribezcoa, S Lima, M Martino, D Mostajo, E Ojeda, W Onatra, H Sánchez, D Navarro, K Tserotas, M S Vallejo, S Witis, M C Zuñiga
BACKGROUND: Type II diabetes mellitus causes metabolic changes that may lead to early menopause and worsen climacteric symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk factors for type II diabetes mellitus and assess the impact of this disease on the age of menopause and on climacteric symptoms. METHODS: A total of 6079 women aged between 40 and 59 years from 11 Latin American countries were requested to answer the Menopause Rating Scale and Goldberg Anxiety-Depression Scale...
December 2013: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Alastair J Noyce, Jonathan P Bestwick, Laura Silveira-Moriyama, Christopher H Hawkes, Gavin Giovannoni, Andrew J Lees, Anette Schrag
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between diagnosis of Parkinson disease (PD) and risk factors or early symptoms amenable to population-based screening. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for PD. RESULTS: The strongest associations with later diagnosis of PD were found for having a first-degree or any relative with PD (odds ratio [OR], 3.23; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.65-3.93 and OR, 4.45; 95% CI, 3.39-5...
December 2012: Annals of Neurology
Julia Martini, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Claudio N Soares, Amber Rieder, Meir Steiner
The World Health Organization-Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO-CIDI) is a highly structured interview for the assessment of mental disorders, based on the definitions and criteria of the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Over the past decade it has become evident that the CIDI does not sufficiently address the assessment needs of women. Women are affected by most mental disorders, particularly mood and anxiety disorders, approximately twice as frequently as men...
October 2009: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Riley Bove, Claudia Valeggia
In this paper we review the literature on the association between polygyny and women's health in sub-Saharan Africa. We argue that polygyny is an example of "co-operative conflict" within households, with likely implications for the vulnerability of polygynous women to illness, and for their access to treatment. We begin with a review of polygyny and then examine vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections (STIs, including HIV) and differential reproductive outcomes. Polygyny is associated with an accelerated transmission of STIs, both because it permits a multiplication of sexual partners and because it correlates with low rates of condom use, poor communication between spouses, and age and power imbalances among other factors...
January 2009: Social Science & Medicine
Pallavi Latthe, Luciano Mignini, Richard Gray, Robert Hills, Khalid Khan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors predisposing women to chronic and recurrent pelvic pain. DESIGN, DATA SOURCES, AND METHODS: Systematic review of relevant studies without language restrictions identified through Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library. SCISEARCH, conference papers, and bibliographies of retrieved primary and review articles. Two reviewers independently extracted data on study characteristics, quality, and results. Exposure to risk factors was compared between women with and without pelvic pain...
April 1, 2006: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Susana Bassol, Sebastian Carranza-Lira, Cuauhtemoc Celis-Gonzalez, Samuel Santoyo, Alfonso Murillo, Norma Martinez, Javier Santos, Victoriano Llaca, Fernanda Rio de la Loza, Jesus Zarain, Angela Maggio da Fonseca, Aroldo F Camargos, Edmund C Baracat, Marcos F da Sá, Juana Bayo, Liliana Adaro, Carlos Gurucharri, Martha Murga, Nestor Siseles, Fabiana Sayegh, Antonio Tempone, Luis M Tempone, Roberto I Tozzini, Roberto Boccanera, Carlos Naranjo, Fabio Sanchez, Gustavo Gomez, Stella Blanco, Roberto Reyes-Marquez, Gerhard Albrecht, Pedro Cano Rios
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to assess the impact, effectiveness and safety of a monophasic hormone replacement treatment (HRT) for continuous use with regards to the clinical effects, bleeding patterns and lipid profile of menopausal women in four Latin American countries. DESIGN: Three hundred and six postmenopausal women with natural menopause and uterus present were recruited. This was a multicentre prospective, clinical trial; the participating countries were Brazil (BR), Colombia (CO), Mexico (MX) and Argentina (AR)...
March 14, 2005: Maturitas
Ali Montazeri, Soghra Jarvandi, Mandana Ebrahimi, Shahpar Haghighat, Mariam Ansari
Although controversial, the belief that developing breast cancer may be associated with psychological distress is not uncommon. The present study examined the role of psychological variables in the development of breast cancer in women attending a breast clinic for medical examination in Tehran, Iran. During a three-year period (1997-1999) a trained female nurse interviewed all women attending the Iranian Center for Breast Cancer (ICBC) before a confirmed diagnosis was made (N = 3000). Data were collected on demographic variables (age, education and marital status), known risk factors (age at menarche, age at first time full term pregnancy, family history of breast cancer, menopausal status, and oral contraceptive use), psychological variables, including history of psychiatric medications, depression (depressed mood, hopelessness, and loss of interests and pleasures), anxiety (mental and somatic signs) and two single measures of overall health and quality of life...
July 2004: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
N K Gartrell, A S Koh, C Becker, A LaVoy, S Rosen, S Thiemann
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and antidepressant use in peri- and postmenopausal women. DESIGN: Prevalence survey. SUBJECTS: Peri- and postmenopausal outpatients (N = 253) at five medical clinics. METHODS: Participants completed a 47-item questionnaire requesting information on mood changes associated with menstruation, childbirth, oral contraceptive use, and menopause. Peri- and postmenopausal participants were asked to rate the severity of dysphoric symptoms experienced during the menopausal transition and to specify whether HRT, antianxiety medication, or antidepressant medication relieved the symptoms...
2001: Journal of Gender-specific Medicine: JGSM
P Bermond
Studies carried out in different countries during the last 15 years have provided evidence that supplementation with (or excess of) estro-progestational hormones may be accompanied by an increased urinary excretion of tryptophan metabolites, as happens in pyridoxine deficiency. Further methods of assessment of vitamin B6 in humans have confirmed an impaired status in women using hormonal contraception. Disturbances in the metabolism of tryptophan have been shown to be responsible for such symptoms as depression, anxiety, decrease of libido and impairment of glucose tolerance occurring in some of the OCA users...
1982: Acta Vitaminologica et Enzymologica
N H Lauersen
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the title applied to a broad range of physical and psychological symptoms that occur cyclically, usually seven to 14 days prior to the onset of a woman's menstruation, and disappear during menstruation. Although the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome were described more than 50 years ago, recognition of PMS by the medical establishment as a discrete condition, which requires attention and treatment, is a fairly recent development. It is estimated that 30 percent of women experience PMS in a debilitating form at some point in their lifetimes from menarche to menopause...
March 1985: Nurse Practitioner
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