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aluminum nanoparticles

Kuan-Jen Bai, Kai-Jen Chuang, Chih-Ming Ma, Ta-Yuan Chang, Hsiao-Chi Chuang
Lung cancer, mostly non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), is the leading cause of cancer deaths; however, efficient treatments for NSCLC remain insufficient. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation on autophagic cell death in human lung adenocarcinoma cells by 20-nm zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONP20) and aluminum-doped ZnONPs (Al-ZnONP20). Two types of human lung adenocarcinoma cells were used throughout the study: wild-type EGFR A549 cells and EGFR-mutated CL1-5 cells...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Yahua Lin, Xin Wang, Xiaofen Huang, Jun Zhang, Ningshao Xia, Qinjian Zhao
Adjuvants are essential components in vaccine formulations to induce robust immunity against pathogens. The most widely used adjuvants in human vaccines are aluminum salts, that can effectively elicit a T helper type-2 (Th2)-biased humoral immune response for producing a high antibody titer but with a limited cellular immune response. Biocompatible calcium phosphate nanoparticles (CaP-NPs) with tunable characteristics have potentials to function as adjuvants for inducing more balanced T helper type-1 (Th1) and Th2 immune responses...
July 17, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
Florin Saceleanu, Sanam Atashin, John Z Wen
Aluminum micro and nanoparticles are key ingredients in the synthesis of nano energetic materials. Hence it is important to characterize the kinetics and the rate controlling process of their oxidation. The literature shows that the mass diffusion and phase transformation within the aluminum oxide shell are important. However, the description of physical processes regarding simultaneous oxidation and phase transformation is lacking. In this paper, the controlled thermogravimetric (TGA) oxidation of 40-60 nm and 1 µm Al powders is investigated at constant heating rates and under isothermal conditions, respectively, upon varying the partial pressure of oxygen...
July 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Rongrong Chen, Zhihui Han, Zhuoli Huang, Junu Karki, Chenxin Wang, Bangshang Zhu, Xiuyin Zhang
Silanized aluminum borate whiskers (ABWs) of 4 wt%, silanized zirconium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-ZrO2) of 2 wt% were mixed with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) powder to get ZrO2-ABWs/PMMA composites. Titanium dioxide (TiO2), silver-supported titanium dioxide (Ag/TiO2), silver-supported zirconium phosphate (Novaron) and tetrapod-like zinc oxide whiskers (T-ZnOw) antibacterial agents of 3 wt% were mixed with ZrO2-ABWs/PMMA composites respectively to fabricate standard specimens. Plaque biofilms on the specimens surface were investigated for colony-forming units (CFUs)...
July 12, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
Yang Xuan, Laurentiu Nastac
Recent studies showed that the microstructure and mechanical properties of aluminum based nanocomposites can be significantly improved when ultrasonic cavitation and solidification processing is used. This is because ultrasonic cavitation processing plays an important role not only in degassing and dispersion of the nanoparticles, but also in breaking up the dendritic grains and refining the as-cast microstructure. In the present study, A356 alloy and Al2O3 nanoparticles are used as the matrix alloy and the reinforcement, respectively...
July 1, 2017: Ultrasonics
Flavio Nucciarelli, Iria Bravo, Sergio Catalan-Gomez, Luis Vázquez, Encarnación Lorenzo, Jose Luis Pau
New methods for the production of colloidal Ga nanoparticles (GaNPs) are introduced based on the evaporation of gallium on expendable aluminum zinc oxide (AZO) layer. The nanoparticles can be prepared in aqueous or organic solvents such as tetrahydrofuran in order to be used in different sensing applications. The particles had a quasi mono-modal distribution with diameters ranging from 10 nm to 80 nm, and their aggregation status depended on the solvent nature. Compared to common chemical synthesis, our method assures higher yield with the possibility of tailoring particles size by adjusting the deposition time...
July 6, 2017: Nanomaterials
Shu Tian, Oara Neumann, Michael J McClain, Xiao Yang, Linan Zhou, Chao Zhang, Peter Nordlander, Naomi J Halas
Since its discovery in the 1970's, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has been primarily associated with substrates composed of nanostructured noble metals. Here we investigate chemically synthesized nanocrystal aggregates of Aluminum, an inexpensive, highly abundant, and sustainable metal, as SERS substrates. Al nanocrystal aggregates are capable of substantial near-infrared SERS enhancements, similar to Au nanoparticles. The intrinsic nanoscale surface oxide of Al nanocrystals supports molecule-substrate interactions that differ dramatically from noble metal substrates...
June 30, 2017: Nano Letters
Shanshan Sun, Yejian Xue, Qin Wang, Shihua Li, Heran Huang, He Miao, Zhaoping Liu
Nanosheet-constructing porous CeO2 microspheres with silver nanoparticles anchored on the surface were developed as a highly efficient oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst. The aluminum-air batteries applying Ag-CeO2 as the ORR catalyst exhibit a high output power density and low degradation rate of 345 mW cm(-2) and 2.6% per 100 h, respectively.
June 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Lijie Zhou, Weiqin Zhuang, Xin Wang, Ke Yu, Shufang Yang, Siqing Xia
The study aims to identify the potential acute effects of suspended aluminum nitride (AlN) nanoparticles (NPs) on soluble microbial products (SMP) of activated sludge. Cultured activated sludge loaded with 1, 10, 50, 100, 150 and 200mg/L of AlN NPs were carried out in this study. As results showed, AlN NPs had a highly inverse proportionality to bacterial dehydrogenase and OUR, indicating its direct toxicity to the activated sludge viability. The toxicity of AlN NPs was mainly due to the nano-scale of AlN NPs...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Hossein Robatjazi, Hangqi Zhao, Dayne F Swearer, Nathaniel J Hogan, Linan Zhou, Alessandro Alabastri, Michael J McClain, Peter Nordlander, Naomi J Halas
The rational combination of plasmonic nanoantennas with active transition metal-based catalysts, known as 'antenna-reactor' nanostructures, holds promise to expand the scope of chemical reactions possible with plasmonic photocatalysis. Here, we report earth-abundant embedded aluminum in cuprous oxide antenna-reactor heterostructures that operate more effectively and selectively for the reverse water-gas shift reaction under milder illumination than in conventional thermal conditions. Through rigorous comparison of the spatial temperature profile, optical absorption, and integrated electric field enhancement of the catalyst, we have been able to distinguish between competing photothermal and hot-carrier driven mechanistic pathways...
June 21, 2017: Nature Communications
Yutaka Majima, Guillaume Hackenberger, Yasuo Azuma, Shinya Kano, Kosuke Matsuzaki, Tomofumi Susaki, Masanori Sakamoto, Toshiharu Teranishi
Single-electron transistors (SETs) are sub-10-nm scale electronic devices based on conductive Coulomb islands sandwiched between double-barrier tunneling barriers. Chemically assembled SETs with alkanethiol-protected Au nanoparticles show highly stable Coulomb diamonds and two-input logic operations. The combination of bottom-up and top-down processes used to form the passivation layer is vital for realizing multi-gate chemically assembled SET circuits, as this combination enables us to connect conventional complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technologies via planar processes...
2017: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Xu Li, Stephanie Hufnagel, Haiyue Xu, Solange A Valdes, Sachin G Thakkar, Zhengrong Cui, Hugo Celio
Insoluble aluminum salts such as aluminum (oxy)hydroxide are commonly used as vaccine adjuvants. Recently, there is evidence suggesting that the adjuvant activity of aluminum salt-based materials is tightly related to their physicochemical properties, including nanometer-scale size, shape with long aspect ratio, and low degree of crystallinity. Herein, for the first time, the bicontinuous reverse microemulsion (RM) technique was utilized to synthesize stick-like monodisperse aluminum (oxy)hydroxide nanoparticles with a long aspect ratio of ∼10, length of ∼80 nm, and low degree of crystallinity (denoted as Al-nanosticks)...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mariana Ss Mendes, Leonardo D Resende, Cláudia A Pinto, Denise P Raldi, Flavia Gr Cardoso, Sandra M Habitante
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the inclusion of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) in the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) composition to know which changes will result in the radiopacity of the material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiment was performed according to the American National Standard Institute/American Dental Association specification no. 57/2000 and ISO 6876/2001. Five plates with five holes measuring 1 mm in depth and 5 mm in internal diameter were filled according to the different experimental groups as follows: white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) + NP50 - W MTA with liquid Ag NP 50 ppm, WMTA + NP30 - W MTA with liquid Ag NP 30 ppm, WMTA + NP22 - W MTA with liquid Ag NP 22 ppm, WMTA + NPP - white MTA with liquid Ag NP and powder 1%, WMTA (control)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Xipeng Wei, Honghai Wu, Feng Sun
A Fe-Al-MPM material assembled from nanosized magnetite and Fe-Al-pillared montmorillonite (Fe-Al-Mt) was characterized by XRD, XPS, BET, SEM and TEM. Fe-Al-Mt was proven to be capable of facilitating the dispersion of magnetite nanoparticles and inhibiting their aggregation. The coupling of Fe-Al-Mt with magnetite in Fe-Al-MPM improved its Fenton catalytic activity. Complete conversion of phenol within 80min with a high TOC removal rate (>78%) was achieved using Fe-Al-MPM as a heterogeneous Fenton catalyst under optimized conditions...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Bingbing Sun, Zhaoxia Ji, Yu-Pei Liao, Chong Hyun Chang, Xiang Wang, Justine Ku, Changying Xue, Vahid Mirshafiee, Tian Xia
Aluminum-salt-based vaccine adjuvants are prevailingly used in FDA-approved vaccines for the prevention of infectious diseases for over eighty years. Despite their safe applications, the mechanisms regarding how the material characteristics affect the interactions at nano-bio interface and immunogenicity remain unclear. Recently, studies have indicated that the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome plays a critical role in inducing adjuvant effects that are controlled by the inherent shape and hydroxyl contents of aluminum oxyhydroxide (AlOOH) nanoparticles; however, the detailed relationship between surface properties and adjuvant effects for these materials remains unknown...
June 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
M Arshadi, F Mousavinia, A Khalafi-Nezhad, H Firouzabadi, A Abbaspourrad
In this paper, a novel heterogeneous nanodendrimer with generation of G2.0 was prepared by individual grafting of diethylenetriamine, triazine and l-cysteine methyl ester on the modified aluminum-silicate mixed oxides as a potent adsorbent of Hg(II) ions from aqueous media. The prepared nanodendrimer was characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum ((1)H NMR and (13)C NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectroscopy (DR UV-Vis), zeta potential (ζ), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen adsorption experiments at -196°C and elemental analysis...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Allison August, Gregory M Glenn, Eloi Kpamegan, Somia P Hickman, Dewal Jani, Hanxin Lu, D Nigel Thomas, Judy Wen, Pedro A Piedra, Louis F Fries
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants. We are developing an RSV fusion (F) protein nanoparticle vaccine for immunization of third trimester pregnant women to passively protect infants through transfer of RSV-specific maternal antibodies. The present trial was performed to assess the immunogenicity and safety of several formulations of RSV F vaccine in 1-dose or 2-dose schedules. METHODS: Placebo, or vaccine with 60μg or 120μg RSV F protein and 0...
June 27, 2017: Vaccine
Vineet Kumar Rathore, Prasenjit Mondal
The presence of arsenic and fluoride in groundwater has been observed throughout the world. Many technologies have been developed by various research groups in order to tackle this problem. Adsorption has emerged as one of the best possible technique for the removal of arsenic, fluoride and many other pollutants from drinking water. Although a considerable amount of work has been published on the adsorptive removal of arsenic and fluoride, the area related to the management of spent adsorbent is not well explored...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Yujian Jin, Xiaoji Fan, Xingxing Li, Zhenyan Zhang, Liwei Sun, Zhengwei Fu, Michel Lavoie, Xiangliang Pan, Haifeng Qian
Nano-aluminium oxide (nAl2O3) is one of the most widely used nanomaterials. However, nAl2O3 toxicity mechanisms and potential beneficial effects on terrestrial plant physiology remain poorly understood. Such knowledge is essential for the development of robust nAl2O3 risk assessment. In this study, we studied the influence of a 10-d exposure to a total selected concentration of 98 μM nAl2O3 or to the equivalent molar concentration of ionic Al (AlCl3) (196 μM) on the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana on the physiology (e...
May 30, 2017: Environmental Pollution
A Abouelsayed, M R Ebrahim, W El Hotaby, S A Hassan, Emad Al-Ashkar
We present terahertz spectroscopy study on spherical nanoparticles powder mixture of aluminum, alumina, and MWCNTs induced by surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) of aluminum substrates. Surface alloying of AL, Al2O3 0.95% and MWCNTs 0.05% powder mixture was produced during SMAT process, where a compact surface layer of about 200 μm due to ball bombardment was produced from the mixture. Al2O3 alumina powder played a significant role in MWCNTs distribution on surface, those were held in deformation surface cites of micro-cavities due to SMAT process of Al...
May 25, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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