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aluminum nanoparticles

Janosch Schoon, Sven Geißler, Juliane Traeger, Andreas Luch, Jutta Tentschert, Giorgio Perino, Frank Schulze, Georg N Duda, Carsten Perka, Anastasia Rakow
Porous tantalum components are widely used for complex acetabular reconstructions in revision hip arthroplasty. Multiple other metal alloys such as titanium-aluminum-vanadium or cobalt-chromium-molybdenum are principally used in artificial joint setups. We report a case of tantalum component failure being both cause and effect of a multiple metal exposure. Our aims were to assess and to characterize associated particle exposure and biological consequences. Metal level quantification revealed substantial in vivo exposure to particulate and dissociated tantalum, zirconium, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, titanium, aluminum and vanadium in periprosthetic compartments...
August 16, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Francisco J Carmona, Ignacio Jiménez-Amezcua, Sara Rojas, Carlos C Romão, Jorge A R Navarro, Carmen R Maldonado, Elisa Barea
Mesoporous silica Al-MCM-41 nanoparticles have been used, for the first time, as vehicles for the single and dual encapsulation of the cationic CO-releasing molecule (CORM) [Mn(1,4,7-triazacyclononane)(CO)3](+) (ALF472(+)) and the well-known antineoplastic drug, cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2] (cisplatin). Thus, two new hybrid materials, namely, ALF472@Al-MCM-41 and ALF472-cisplatin@Al-MCM-41, have been isolated and fully characterized. The results reveal that the presence of CORM molecules enhances cisplatin loading 3-fold, yielding a cargo of 0...
August 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Jin-Ling Luo, Shi-Fa Wang, Wei Liu, Cheng-Xiang Tian, Ju-Wei Wu, Xiao-Tao Zu, Wei-Lie Zhou, Xiao-Dong Yuan, Xia Xiang
Three kinds of Al-TiO2 samples and pure TiO2 samples were synthesized via a modified polyacrylamide gel route using different aluminum salts, including Al2(SO4)3∙18H2O, AlCl3, and Al(NO3)3∙9H2O under identical conditions. The influence of different aluminum salts on the phase purity, morphologies, thermal stability of anatase and photocatalytic properties of the as-prepared Al-TiO2 nanoparticles were studied. The energy gap (Eg) of Al-TiO2 nanoparticles decreases due to Al ion doping into TiO2. The photocatalytic activities of the Al-TiO2 samples were investigated by the degradation of acid orange 7 dye in aqueous solution under simulated solar irradiation...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
D Nanda, P Varshney, M Satapathy, S S Mohapatra, B Bhushan, A Kumar
The development of self-cleaning and anti-fogging durable superliquiphobic coatings for aluminum surfaces has raised tremendous interest in materials science. In this study, a superliquiphobic coating is fabricated on an aluminum surface by a single-step dip-coating method using 1H,1H,2H,2H-Perfluorooctyltrichlorosilane-modified SiO2 nanoparticles. The successful implementation of the aforesaid coating in different applications requires extensive investigations of its characteristics and stability. To understand the properties of the coating, surface morphology, contact angle, self-cleaning, anti-fogging, and water repellency were investigated under perturbation conditions...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Manlu Li, Daoyi Chen, Yang Liu, Chia Ying Chuang, Fanzhou Kong, Paul J Harrison, Xiaoshan Zhu, Yuelu Jiang
Human activities can enhance the frequency, intensity and occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs). Engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), contained in many materials, will inevitably enter coastal waters and thus cause unpredictable impacts on aquatic organisms. However, knowledge of the influence of ENPs on HAB species is still lacking. In this study, we examined the effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nTiO2), zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) and aluminum oxide nanoparticles (nAl2O3) on physiological changes and paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins (PSTs) production of Alexandrium tamarense...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
M Santibáñez, R Saavedra, M Vásquez, F Malano, P Pérez, M Valente, R G Figueroa
The present work is devoted to optimizing the sensitivity-doses relationship of a bench-top EDXRF system, with the aim of achieving a detection limit of 0.010mg/ml of gold nanoparticles in tumor tissue (clinical values expected), for doses below 10mGy (value fixed for in vivo application). Tumor phantoms of 0.3cm(3) made of a suspension of gold nanoparticles (15nm AurovistTM, Nanoprobes Inc.) were studied at depths of 0-4mm in a tissue equivalent cylindrical phantom. The optimization process was implemented configuring several tube voltages and aluminum filters, to obtain non-symmetrical narrow spectra with fixed FWHM of 5keV and centered among the 11...
August 4, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Wei-Si Tian, Qing-Long Zhao, Chuan-Jiang Zhao, Feng Qiu, Qi-Chuan Jiang
Nano-sized ceramic particle reinforced aluminum composites exhibit excellent room-temperature mechanical properties. However, there is limited research on the dry sliding wear behavior of those composites at elevated temperatures, which should be one of the major concerns on elevated temperature applications. Here the Al-Cu composites reinforced with nano-sized TiCp were fabricated. The dry sliding wear behaviors of the nano-sized TiCp/Al-Cu composites at various temperatures (140-220 °C) and loads (10-40 N) with different TiCp contents were studied, and the results showed that the nanocomposites exhibited superior wear resistance...
August 11, 2017: Materials
Behzad Sardari, Meriç Özcan
Here we show the capability of copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles formed on copper (Cu) electrodes by the electrolysis as a real time active substrate for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). We have experimentally found that using just the ultra pure water as the electrolyte and the Cu electrodes, ions are extracted from the copper anode form copper oxide nanoparticles on the anode surface in matter of minutes. Average particle size on the anode reaches to 100 nm in ninety seconds and grows to about 300 nm in five minutes...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yi-Wen Liu, Yu-Hung Chen, Jenn-Wei Chen, Pei-Jane Tsai, I-Hsiu Huang
Clostridium difficile is considered to be one of the major cause of infectious diarrhea in healthcare systems worldwide. Symptoms of C. difficile infection are caused largely by the production of two cytotoxins: toxin A (TcdA) and toxin B (TcdB). Vaccine development is considered desirable as it would decrease the mounting medical costs and mortality associated with C. difficile infections. Biodegradable nanoparticles composed of poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) and chitosan have proven to be a safe and effective antigen delivery system for many viral vaccines...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Junjun Liu, Lin Yang, Han Zhang, Jianfang Wang, Zhifeng Huang
Ultraviolet (UV)-resonant metals (e.g., aluminum) typically have low melting point to cause a fabrication difficulty in helical sculpture to generate plasmons with chiroptical activity in the UV region. In this work, using glancing angle deposition (GLAD), two new methods are devised to generate crystalline chiral Al nanostructures that have stable chiroptical response in the UV-visible region originating from intrinsic helical structures. One approach involves fast substrate rotation during GLAD to fabricate Al nanoparticles (AlNPs) with hidden helicity; another is to deposit an achiral Al thin film on a host of plasmonic chiral NPs, such that the helical structures are duplicated from the chiral host to the achiral guest of Al nanocappings...
August 7, 2017: Small
Sandra Großberger, Tobias Fey, Geoffrey Lee
Vacuum-induced surface freezing has been used to produce uni-directional freezing of colloidal aluminum oxide dispersions. It leads to zones of different structure within the resulting sintered monoliths that are highly similar to those known for freeze casting using a cryogen cold source. A more-or-less dense surface layer and a cellular sub-surface region are formed, beneath which is a middle region of aligned lamellae and pores that stretches through most of the depth of the monolith. This is the case even at a volume fraction of dispersed phase as low as 0...
December 5, 2016: Materials
Fareeha Ubaid, Penchal Reddy Matli, Rana Abdul Shakoor, Gururaj Parande, Vyasaraj Manakari, Adel Mohamed Amer Mohamed, Manoj Gupta
In this work, Al-B₄C nanocomposites were produced by microwave sintering and followed by hot extrusion processes. The influence of ceramic reinforcement (B₄C) nanoparticles on the physical, microstructural, mechanical, and thermal characteristics of the extruded Al-B₄C nanocomposites was investigated. It was observed that the density decreased and porosity increased with an increase in B₄C content in aluminum matrix. The porosity of the composites increased whereas density decreased with increasing B₄C content...
June 6, 2017: Materials
Jenn-Kai Tsai, Yu-Shin Tu
In this study, high energy conversion efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were successfully fabricated by attaching a double anti-reflection (AR) layer, which is composed of a subwavelength moth-eye structured polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) film and a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film. An efficiency of up to 6.79% was achieved. The moth-eye structured PMMA film was fabricated by using an anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template which is simple, low-cost and scalable. The nano-pattern of the AAO template was precisely reproduced onto the PMMA film...
March 15, 2017: Materials
Dezhi Yang, Xiaolan Li, Dongling Meng, Meng Wang, Yaling Yang
A magnesium-aluminum layered double hydroxides coated on magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@MgAl-LDHs NPs) combined with the supramolecular solvents (SUPRASs) as the magnetic supramolecular fluids were successfully applied to the extraction and determination of four phenolic compounds (Bisphenol-A (BPA), bisphenol-AF (BPAF), tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBPA) and 4-tert-octylphenol (4-TOP)). Magnetic supramolecular fluids (ferrofluids) composites were prepared through adding the mixture of n-octanol and tetrahydrofuran in distilled water as the supramolecular solvents into the solution containing magnetic Fe3O4@MgAl-LDHs NPs...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Arul Varman Kesavan, Arun Dhumal Rao, Praveen Chandrashekarapura Ramamurthy
Formation of Schottky barrier contact (SBC) leads reconstruction of charges at the metal/semiconductor (MS) interface because of the wave function overlap between semiconductor and metal contact. The Schottky barrier contact formation is not only a signature of material's work function but it also sensitive to the interface trap states, the crystal orientation of the interacting materials and other interface properties. In this work, the effect of aluminum cathode morphology on the polymer Schottky diode and bulk heterojunction (BHJ) photovoltaic device performance is studied...
July 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shuoyu Li, Yuyi Liu, Peisheng Guo, Chengxin Wang
A composed material of amorphous carbon nanotubes (ACNTs) and encapsulated transition metal oxide (TMOs) nanoparticles was prepared by a common thermophysics effect, which is named the Marangoni effect, and a simple anneal process. The prepared ropy solution would form a Marangoni convection and climb into the channel of anodic aluminum oxide template (AAO) spontaneously. The ingenious design of the preparation method determined a distinctive structure of TMOs nanoparticles with a size of ∼5 nm and amorphous carbon coated outside full in the ACNTs...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
M A Kedzierski, R Brignoli, K T Quine, J S Brown
This paper presents liquid kinematic viscosity, density, and thermal conductivity measurements of eleven different synthetic polyolester-based nanoparticle nanolubricants (dispersions) at atmospheric pressure over the temperature range 288 K to 318 K. Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles with nominal diameters of 127 nm and 135 nm, respectively, were investigated. A good dispersion of the spherical and non-spherical nanoparticles in the lubricant was maintained with a surfactant. Viscosity, density, and thermal conductivity measurements were made for the neat lubricant along with eleven nanolubricants with differing nanoparticle and surfactant mass fractions...
February 2017: Revue Internationale du Froid
Kuan-Jen Bai, Kai-Jen Chuang, Chih-Ming Ma, Ta-Yuan Chang, Hsiao-Chi Chuang
Lung cancer, mostly non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), is the leading cause of cancer deaths; however, efficient treatments for NSCLC remain insufficient. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation on autophagic cell death in human lung adenocarcinoma cells by 20-nm zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONP20) and aluminum-doped ZnONPs (Al-ZnONP20). Two types of human lung adenocarcinoma cells were used throughout the study: wild-type EGFR A549 cells and EGFR-mutated CL1-5 cells...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Yahua Lin, Xin Wang, Xiaofen Huang, Jun Zhang, Ningshao Xia, Qinjian Zhao
Adjuvants are essential components in vaccine formulations to induce robust immunity against pathogens. The most widely used adjuvants in human vaccines are aluminum salts, that can effectively elicit a T helper type-2 (Th2)-biased humoral immune response for producing a high antibody titer but with a limited cellular immune response. Biocompatible calcium phosphate nanoparticles (CaP-NPs) with tunable characteristics have potentials to function as adjuvants for inducing more balanced T helper type-1 (Th1) and Th2 immune responses...
September 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
Florin Saceleanu, Sanam Atashin, John Z Wen
Aluminum micro and nanoparticles are key ingredients in the synthesis of nano energetic materials. Hence it is important to characterize the kinetics and the rate controlling process of their oxidation. The literature shows that the mass diffusion and phase transformation within the aluminum oxide shell are important. However, the description of physical processes regarding simultaneous oxidation and phase transformation is lacking. In this paper, the controlled thermogravimetric (TGA) oxidation of 40-60 nm and 1 µm Al powders is investigated at constant heating rates and under isothermal conditions, respectively, upon varying the partial pressure of oxygen...
July 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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