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aluminum nanoparticles

Ankun Yang, Alexander J Hryn, Marc R Bourgeois, Won-Kyu Lee, Jingtian Hu, George C Schatz, Teri W Odom
Plasmonic nanostructures with enhanced localized optical fields as well as narrow linewidths have driven advances in numerous applications. However, the active engineering of ultranarrow resonances across the visible regime-and within a single system-has not yet been demonstrated. This paper describes how aluminum nanoparticle arrays embedded in an elastomeric slab may exhibit high-quality resonances with linewidths as narrow as 3 nm at wavelengths not accessible by conventional plasmonic materials. We exploited stretching to improve and tune simultaneously the optical response of as-fabricated nanoparticle arrays by shifting the diffraction mode relative to single-particle dipolar or quadrupolar resonances...
November 28, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Kyle T Hufziger, Sergei V Bykov, Sanford A Asher
We constructed the first deep ultraviolet (UV) Raman standoff wide-field imaging spectrometer. Our novel deep UV imaging spectrometer utilizes a photonic crystal to select Raman spectral regions for detection. The photonic crystal is composed of highly charged, monodisperse 35.5 ± 2.9 nm silica nanoparticles that self-assemble in solution to produce a face centered cubic crystalline colloidal array that Bragg diffracts a narrow ∼1.0 nm full width at half-maximum (FWHM) UV spectral region. We utilize this photonic crystal to select and image two different spectral regions containing resonance Raman bands of pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) and NH4NO3 (AN)...
November 28, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
NguyenThi Phuong, Anugrah Andisetiawan, Do Van Lam, Jeong Hwan Kim, Doo-Sun Choi, Kyung-Hyun Whang, Jeasun Nham, Yun Jung Lee, Yeong-Eun Yoo, Jae Sung Yoon
Since the ancient Egyptians had used sand as filter media for water purification, its principle has been inherited through generations and it is still being used now in industries. The sand filter consists of sand literally, and the voids within the sand bed are the pores for filtration. Here we present a filtration principle using nanoparticles, so that the voids between the nanoparticles can be considered as effective pores in nanoscale dimension. Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membrane has been used as the working template, and the nanoparticles have been injected and embedded within the pores of the AAO template...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
Shahrara Afshar, Shabnam Pordel, Babak Tahmouresilerd, Alireza Azad
Visible-light-driven Al-doped TiO2 with different aluminum contents (2, 5, and 10 mol %) were synthesized via a facile sol-gel method. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), UV-visible diffuse reflectance, energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy as well as X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) methods were used for the characterization of the obtained nanoparticles. The photocatalytic performance of the samples was evaluated by the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under visible light irradiation...
November 12, 2016: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Ziyan Sun, Kai Cheng, Fengyu Wu, Hongguang Liu, Xiaowei Ma, Xinhui Su, Yang Liu, Liming Xia, Zhen Cheng
Grafting a robust organic shell around inorganic nanoparticles can optimize their colloidal features to dramatically improve their physicochemical properties. Here, we have developed a polymer coating procedure for providing colloidal stability to the nanoparticles and, more importantly, for applying a fast, facile fluorine-18 labeling of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) for positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) dual-modality imaging. The structure of the amphiphilic polymer is based on a backbone of polyacrylic acid, conjugated with multiple oleylamines to form a comb-like branched structure...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
Abraham Vázquez-Guardado, Alexandra Smith, Wade Wilson, Jeanette Ortega, J Manuel Perez, Debashis Chanda
Simple optical techniques that can accurately and selectively identify organic and inorganic material in a reproducible manner are of paramount importance in biological sensing applications. In this work, we demonstrate that a nanoimprinted plasmonic pattern with locked-in dimensions supports sharp deterministic hybrid resonances when coupled with an optical cavity suitable for high sensitive surface detection. The surface sensing property of this hybrid system is quantified by precise atomic layer growth of aluminum oxide using the atomic layer deposition technique...
October 31, 2016: Optics Express
Hyejin Kim, Jonghye Choi, Handule Lee, Juyoung Park, Byung-Il Yoon, Seon Mi Jin, Kwangsik Park
Effects of nanoparticles (NPs) on skin corrosion and irritation using three-dimensional human skin models were investigated based on the test guidelines of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD TG431 and TG439). EpiDerm(TM) skin was incubated with NPs including those harboring iron (FeNPs), aluminum oxide (AlNPs), titanium oxide (TNPs), and silver (AgNPs) for a defined time according to the test guidelines. Cell viabilities of EpiDerm(TM) skins were measured by the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthi-azol-2-yl)-2...
October 2016: Toxicological Research
R J Santos, M T Vieira
Conventional industrial processes are emission sources of unintended nanoparticles which are potentially harmful for the environment and human health. The aim of this study is to assess airborne nanoparticle release from aluminum surface treatment processes in various workplaces. Two direct reading instruments, a scanning mobility particle sizer to measure size distribution and a nanoparticle surface area monitoring to measure the surface area of particles deposited in the human lung, were employed to perform area monitoring...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
María Benavides, Javier Fernández-Lodeiro, Pedro Coelho, Carlos Lodeiro, Mário S Diniz
The increasing use of nanoparticles (NPs) worldwide has raised some concerns about their impact on the environment. The aim of the study was to assess the toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles, singly or combined, in a freshwater fish (Carassius auratus). The fish were exposed for 7, 14, and 21 days to different concentrations of NPs (10 μg Al2O3.L(-1), 10 μg ZnO.L(-1), 10 μg Al2O3.L(-1) plus 10 μg ZnO.L(-1), 100 μg Al2O3.L(-1), 100 μg ZnO.L(-1), and 100 μg Al2O3.L(-1) plus 100 μg ZnO.L(-1))...
October 27, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Elisa Terracciano, Ermanno Zorzoli, Gian Loreto D'Alò, Laura Zaratti, Elisabetta Franco
Vaccinations and the controversy around them always go in parallel. We identified four categories blending in various amounts of truth and imagination: history, myths, shams and frauds. Over the years, they have alternated and sometimes transformed into one another. This sharp separation into categories is certainly academic and forced. In fact, the line between these aspects is not clear enough to allow a rigid and well-defined division. Our work starts from the category containing the most truthfulness: history, and goes on to analyze two categories that add fantasy to facts: myths and shams (or better, "old wives' tales")...
July 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Ghazala Mustafa, Setsuko Komatsu
Rapid developments in nanotechnology have led to the increasing use of nanoparticles (NPs) in the agricultural sector. To investigate the possible interactions between NPs and crops under flooding stress, the molecular mechanisms in soybean affected by exposure to various sizes of Al2O3 NPs were analyzed using a proteomic technique. In plants exposed to 30-60 nm Al2O3 NPs, the length of root including hypocotyl was increased and proteins related to glycolysis were suppressed. Exposure to 30-60 nm Al2O3 NPs mediated the scavenging activity of cells by regulating the ascorbate/glutathione pathway...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Yong Seok Hwang, Valery I Levitas
The external surface of metallic particles is usually covered by a thin and strong oxide shell, which significantly affects superheating and melting of particles. The effects of geometric parameters and heating rate on characteristic melting and superheating temperatures and melting behavior of aluminum nanoparticles covered by an oxide shell were studied numerically. For this purpose, the multiphysics model that includes the phase field model for surface melting, a dynamic equation of motion, a mechanical model for stress and strain simulations, interface and surface stresses, and the thermal conduction model including thermoelastic and thermo-phase transformation coupling as well as transformation dissipation rate was formulated...
October 10, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Miriam Barquero-Quirós, María Julia Arcos-Martínez
A novel amperometric biosensor for the determination of Al(III) based on the inhibition of the enzyme superoxide dismutase has been developed. The oxidation signal of epinephrine substrate was affected by the presence of Al(III) ions leading to a decrease in its amperometric current. The immobilization of the enzyme was performed with glutaraldehyde on screen-printed carbon electrodes modifiedwith tetrathiofulvalene (TTF) and different types ofnanoparticles. Nanoparticles of gold, platinum, rhodium and palladium were deposited on screen printed carbon electrodes by means of two electrochemical procedures...
2016: Sensors
Tingkai Zhao, Shengfei She, Xianglin Ji, Xinai Guo, Wenbo Jin, Ruoxing Zhu, Alei Dang, Hao Li, Tiehu Li, Bingqing Wei
The development of high capacity and long-life lithium-ion batteries is a long-term pursuing and under a close scrutiny. Most of the researches have been focused on exploring electrode materials and structures with high store capability of lithium ions and at the same time with a good electrical conductivity. Thermal conductivity of an electrode material will also have significant impacts on boosting battery capacity and prolonging battery lifetime, which is, however, underestimated. Here, we present the development of an expanded graphite embedded with Al metal nanoparticles (EG-MNPs-Al) synthesized by an oxidation-expansion process...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zhen Liu, Zhongyuan Huang, Feifei Cheng, Zhanhu Guo, Guangdi Wang, Xu Chen, Zhe Wang
Durable, highly efficient, and economic sound electrocatalysts for CO electrooxidation (COE) are the emerging key for wide variety of energy solutions, especially fuel cells and rechargeable metal-air batteries. Herein, we report the novel system of nickel-aluminum double layered hydroxide (NiAl-LDH) nanoplates on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) network. The formulation of such complexes system was to be induced through the assistance of gold nanoparticles in order to form dual-metal active sites so as to create a extended Au/NiO two phase zone...
September 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yousef Amini, Bagher Moradi, Mahdi Fasihi-Ramandi
Many materials such as aluminum hydroxide have been tried as adjuvants to compensate low inherent immunogenicity of subunit vaccines. The aim of this study was to evaluate the specific immune response following the administration of aluminum hydroxide nanoparticles with EsxV antigen. The physiochemical properties of the nanoparticle were characterized in vitro. After subcutaneous immunization, cytokine secretion patterns including IFN-gama,IL-4, and TGF-beta levels were measured by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
September 20, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Dong Hwan Shin, Jeffrey S Allen, Seong Hyuk Lee, Chang Kyoung Choi
Using a unique, near-field microscopy technique, fringe patterns and nanoparticle motions are visualized immediately following a nanofluid droplet deposition on a glass substrate in which an air bubble is entrapped. The nanofluid consists of DI-water, 0.10% Aluminum Oxide nanoparticles with an average diameter of 50 nm, and 0.0005% yellow-green polystyrene fluorescent particles of 1 μm diameter. High-speed, fluorescent-mode confocal imaging enables investigation of depth-wise sectioned particle movements in the nanofluid droplet inside which a bubble is entrapped...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yael Gutierrez, Dolores Ortiz, Juan M Sanz, Jose M Saiz, Francisco Gonzalez, Henry O Everitt, Fernando Moreno
The ultraviolet (UV) range presents new challenges for plasmonics, with interesting applications ranging from engineering to biology. In previous research, gallium, aluminum, and magnesium were found to be very promising UV plasmonic metals. However, a native oxide shell surrounds nanostructures of these metals that affects their plasmonic response. Here, through a nanoparticle-oxide core-shell model, we present a detailed electromagnetic analysis of how oxidation alters the UV-plasmonic response of spherical or hemisphere-on-substrate nanostructures made of those metals by analyzing the spectral evolution of two parameters: the absorption efficiency (far-field analysis) and the enhancement of the local intensity averaged over the nanoparticle surface (near-field analysis)...
September 5, 2016: Optics Express
Thomas Lunkenbein, Frank Girgsdies, Timur Kandemir, Nygil Thomas, Malte Behrens, Robert Schlögl, Elias Frei
Long-term stability of catalysts is an important factor in the chemical industry. This factor is often underestimated in academic testing methods, which may lead to a time gap in the field of catalytic research. The deactivation behavior of an industrially relevant Cu/ZnO/Al2 O3 catalyst for the synthesis of methanol is reported over a period of 148 days time-on-stream (TOS). The process was investigated by a combination of quasi in situ and ex situ analysis techniques. The results show that ZnO is the most dynamic species in the catalyst, whereas only slight changes can be observed in the Cu nanoparticles...
October 4, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Maria Castro, Mohamed Haouas, Ivy Lim, Hans J Bongard, Ferdi Schüth, Francis Taulelle, Gunnel Karlsson, Viveka Alfredsson, Eric Breyneart, Christine E A Kirschhock, Wolfgang Schmidt
The formation of silicate nanoaggregates (NAs) at the very early stages of precursor sols and zeolite beta crystallization from silicate nanoparticles (NPs) are investigated in detail using a combination of different analysis methods, including liquid-state (29) Si, (27) Al, (14) N, and (1) H NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry (MS), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy at cryogenic temperatures (cryo-TEM). Prior to hydrothermal treatment, silicate NAs are observed if the Si/OH ratio in the reaction mixture is greater than 1...
October 17, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
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