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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539627/assembly-of-gold-nanoparticles-into-aluminum-nanobowl-array
#1
Xingce Fan, Qi Hao, Renchao Jin, Hao Huang, Zhengwei Luo, Xiaozhi Yang, Yile Chen, Xingzhi Han, Meng Sun, Qihua Jing, Zhenggao Dong, Teng Qiu
We mimic unique honeycomb structure as well as its functions of storing honey and pollen to assemble Au nanoparticle pattern on honeycomb-like Al nanobowl array by utilizing solid state dewetting process. Patterned Au nanoarrays of 'one particle per bowl' with tunable plasmonic bands ranging from the visible to the near-infrared region are fabricated by finely selecting the initial thickness of Au film, the geometry of Al nanobowl array and the thermal treatment parameters. This work presents a powerful approach to assemble Au nanoparticles into high density nanoarrays with superior spatial resolution, offering highly concentrated electromagnetic fields for plasmonic sensor applications...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518076/facile-preparation-of-ultrafine-aluminum-hydroxide-particles-with-or-without-mesoporous-mcm-41-in-ambient-environments
#2
Viktor Dubovoy, Ravi Subramanyam, Michael Stranick, Laurence Du-Thumm, Long Pan
An aqueous suspension of nanogibbsite was synthesized via the titration of aluminum aqua acid [Al(H2O)6](3+) with L-arginine to pH 4.6. Since the hydrolysis of aqueous aluminum salts is known to produce a wide array of products with a wide range of size distributions, a variety of state-of-the-art instruments (i.e., (27)Al/(1)H NMR, FTIR, ICP-OES, TEM-EDX, XPS, XRD, and BET) were used to characterize the synthesis products and identification of byproducts. The product, which was comprised of nanoparticles (10-30 nm), was isolated using gel permeation chromatography (GPC) column technique...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494572/sers-detection-of-biomolecules-by-highly-sensitive-and-reproducible-raman-enhancing-nanoparticle-array
#3
Tzu-Yi Chan, Ting-Yu Liu, Kuan-Syun Wang, Kun-Tong Tsai, Zhi-Xin Chen, Yu-Chi Chang, Yi-Qun Tseng, Chih-Hao Wang, Juen-Kai Wang, Yuh-Lin Wang
This paper describes the preparation of nanoarrays composed of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs: 20-50 nm) for use as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates. The AgNPs were grown on porous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates by electrochemical plating, and the inter-channel gap of AAO channels is between 10 and 20 nm. The size and interparticle gap of silver particles were adjusted in order to achieve optimal SERS signals and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487625/a-comparative-study-of-raw-and-metal-oxide-impregnated-carbon-nanotubes-for-the-adsorption-of-hexavalent-chromium-from-aqueous-solution
#4
Muhammad I Qureshi, Faheemuddin Patel, Nadhir Al-Baghli, Basim Abussaud, Bassam S Tawabini, Tahar Laoui
The present study reports the use of raw, iron oxide, and aluminum oxide impregnated carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for the adsorption of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) ions from aqueous solution. The raw CNTs were impregnated with 1% and 10% loadings (weight %) of iron oxide and aluminum oxide nanoparticles using wet impregnation technique. The synthesized materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Batch adsorption experiments were performed to assess the removal efficiency of Cr(VI) ions from water and the effects of pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage, and initial concentration of the Cr(VI) ions were investigated...
2017: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471186/chemical-and-morphological-inhomogeneity-of-aluminum-metal-and-oxides-from-soft-x-ray-spectromicroscopy
#5
Alison B Altman, C Das Pemmaraju, Selim Alayoglu, John Arnold, Corwin H Booth, Augustin Braun, Christopher E Bunker, Alexandre Herve, Stefan G Minasian, David Prendergast, David K Shuh, Tolek Tyliszczak
Oxygen and aluminum K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), imaging from a scanning transmission X-ray microscope (STXM), and first-principles calculations were used to probe the composition and morphology of bulk aluminum metal, α- and γ-Al2O3, and several types of aluminum nanoparticles. The imaging results agreed with earlier transmission electron microscopy studies that showed a 2 to 5 nm thick layer of Al2O3 on all the Al surfaces. Spectral interpretations were guided by examination of the calculated transition energies, which agreed well with the spectroscopic measurements...
May 4, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468361/exciton-enhancement-and-exciplex-quenching-by-plasmonic-effect-of-aluminum-nanoparticle-arrays-in-a-blue-organic-light-emitting-diode
#6
Samira Khadir, AmadouThierno Diallo, Mahmoud Chakaroun, Azzedine Boudrioua
We report the investigation of plasmonic effect of array of aluminum nanoparticles (Al-NPs) on blue micro-OLED subject to exciplex emission. N,N'-Di(1-naphthyl)-N,N'-diphenyl-(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine (NPB) andcarbazol derivative 4,4'-bis(N-carbazolyl)-1,1'-biphenyl (CBP) have been used as the emitting layer (EML) and hole transport layer (HTL), respectively. For the reference µ-OLED without Al-NPs, we observed two emission peaks attributed to CBP emission and exciplex emission formed at the NPB/CBP (EML/HTL) interface...
May 1, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464012/nano-sized-al2o3-reduces-acute-toxic-effects-of-thiacloprid-on-the-non-biting-midge-chironomus-riparius
#7
Carla S Lorenz, Anna-J Wicht, Leyla Guluzada, Leilei Luo, Leonie Jäger, Barbara Crone, Uwe Karst, Rita Triebskorn, Yucang Liang, Reiner Anwander, Stefan B Haderlein, Carolin Huhn, Heinz-R Köhler
This study focuses on interactions between nanoparticles and a pesticide. The aim was to investigate how nano-sized aluminum oxide (410 nm) can alter the toxic effects of thiacloprid, even if no sorption between particles and the insecticide takes place. Thus, our study investigated a rather unexplored interaction. We conducted our research with larvae of Chironomus riparius and used thiacloprid as test substance as its toxicity to C. riparius is well described. The used nano-Al2O3 particles where chosen due to their suitable properties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433942/synthesis-and-characterization-of-poly-propylene-imine-dendrimer-grafted-gold-nanoparticles-as-nanocarriers-of-doxorubicin
#8
Marzieh Golshan, Mehdi Salami-Kalajahi, Mina Mirshekarpour, Hossein Roghani-Mamaqani, Maryam Mohammadi
The aim of current work is synthesis 4th-generation-poly(propylene imine) (PPI)-dendrimer modified gold nanoparticles (Au-G4A) as nanocarriers for doxorubicin (DOX) and studying in vitro drug release kinetics from nanocarriers into different media. Accordingly, AuNPs were synthesized by reduction of chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) aqueous solution with trisodium citrate and modified with cysteamine to obtain amine-functionalized (Au-NH2) nanoparticles. Au-NH2 nanoparticles were used as multifunctional cores and participated in Michael addition of acrylonitrile and reduction process by lithium aluminum hydride (LAH) to synthesize Au-G4A nanoparticles...
April 13, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413427/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-respiratory-syncytial-virus-fusion-protein-rsv-f-nanoparticle-vaccine-in-older-adults
#9
Louis Fries, Vivek Shinde, Jeffrey J Stoddard, D Nigel Thomas, Eloi Kpamegan, Hanxin Lu, Gale Smith, Somia P Hickman, Pedro Piedra, Gregory M Glenn
BACKGROUND: A preventative strategy for Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection constitutes an under-recognized unmet medical need among older adults. Four formulations of a novel recombinant RSV F nanoparticle vaccine (60 or 90 μg RSV F protein, with or without aluminum phosphate adjuvant) administered concurrently with a licensed inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) in older adult subjects were evaluated for safety and immunogenicity in this randomized, observer-blinded study...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375634/adsorption-of-oligo-dna-on-magnesium-aluminum-layered-double-hydroxide-nanoparticle-surfaces-mechanistic-implication-in-gene-delivery
#10
Kori A Andrea, Li Wang, Andrew J Carrier, Melanie Campbell, Margaret Buhariwalla, MacKenzi Mutch, Stephanie L MacQuarrie, Craig Bennett, Martin Mkandawire, Ken Oakes, Mingsheng Lu, Xu Zhang
Magnesium aluminum-layered double-hydroxide nanoparticles (LDH NPs) are promising drug-delivery vehicles for gene therapy, particularly for siRNA interference; however, the interactions between oligo-DNA and LDH surfaces have not been adequately elucidated. Through a mechanistic study, oligo-DNA initially appears to rapidly bind strongly to the LDH outer surfaces through interactions with their phosphate backbones via ligand exchange with OH(-) on Mg(2+) centers and electrostatic forces with Al(3+). These initial interactions might precede diffusion into interlayer spaces, and this knowledge can be used to design better gene therapy delivery systems...
April 10, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337774/alumina-at-50-and-13%C3%A2-nm-nanoparticle-sizes-have-potential-genotoxicity
#11
Qinli Zhang, Haiyang Wang, Cuicui Ge, Jeremy Duncan, Kaihong He, Samuel O Adeosun, Huaxin Xi, Huiting Peng, Qiao Niu
Although nanomaterials have the potential to improve human life, their sideline effects on human health seem to be inevitable and still are unknown. Some studies have investigated the genotoxicity of alumina nanoparticles (AlNPs); however, this effect is still unclear due to insufficient evaluation and conflicting results. Using a battery of standard genotoxic assays, the present study offers evidence of the genotoxicity associated with aluminum oxide (alumina) at NP sizes of 50 and 13 nm, when compared with bulk alumina (10 μm)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336900/improvement-of-scratch-and-wear-resistance-of-polymers-by-fillers-including-nanofillers
#12
Witold Brostow, Haley E Hagg Lobland, Nathalie Hnatchuk, Jose M Perez
Polymers have lower resistance to scratching and wear than metals. Liquid lubricants work well for metals but not for polymers nor for polymer-based composites (PBCs). We review approaches for improvement of tribological properties of polymers based on inclusion of fillers. The fillers can be metallic or ceramic-with obvious consequences for electrical resistivity of the composites. Distinctions between effectiveness of micro- versus nano-particles are analyzed. For example, aluminum nanoparticles as filler are more effective for property improvement than microparticles at the same overall volumetric concentration...
March 16, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335345/electrostatic-self-assembly-of-diamond-nanoparticles-onto-al-and-n-polar-sputtered-aluminum-nitride-surfaces
#13
Taro Yoshikawa, Markus Reusch, Verena Zuerbig, Volker Cimalla, Kee-Han Lee, Magdalena Kurzyp, Jean-Charles Arnault, Christoph E Nebel, Oliver Ambacher, Vadim Lebedev
Electrostatic self-assembly of diamond nanoparticles (DNPs) onto substrate surfaces (so-called nanodiamond seeding) is a notable technique, enabling chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of nanocrystalline diamond thin films on non-diamond substrates. In this study, we examine this technique onto differently polarized (either Al- or N-polar) c-axis oriented sputtered aluminum nitride (AlN) film surfaces. This investigation shows that Al-polar films, as compared to N-polar ones, obtain DNPs with higher density and more homogeneously on their surfaces...
November 17, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335218/aggregation-and-colloidal-stability-of-commercially-available-al%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-nanoparticles-in-aqueous-environments
#14
Julie Mui, Jennifer Ngo, Bojeong Kim
The aggregation and colloidal stability of three, commercially-available, gamma-aluminum oxide nanoparticles (γ-Al₂O₃ NPs) (nominally 5, 10, and 20-30 nm) were systematically examined as a function of pH, ionic strength, humic acid (HA) or clay minerals (e.g., montmorillonite) concentration using dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy techniques. NPs possess pH-dependent surface charges, with a point of zero charge (PZC) of pH 7.5 to 8. When pH < PZC, γ-Al₂O₃ NPs are colloidally stable up to 100 mM NaCl and 30 mM CaCl₂...
May 13, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325038/benefit-of-rare-earth-smart-doping-and-material-nanostructuring-for-the-next-generation-of-er-doped-fibers
#15
Inna Savelii, Laurent Bigot, Bruno Capoen, Cedric Gonnet, Corinne Chanéac, Ekaterina Burova, Alain Pastouret, Hicham El-Hamzaoui, Mohamed Bouazaoui
Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) for harsh environments require to develop specific fabrication methods of Er (3+)-doped fibers (EDFs) so as to limit the impact of radiation-induced absorption. In this context, a compromise has to be found between the concentration of Erbium and the glass composition. On the one hand, high concentration of Er (3+) ions helps to reduce the length of the EDF and hence the cumulated attenuation but generally leads to luminescence quenching mechanisms that limit the performances...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319028/optically-active-charge-transfer-in-hybrids-of-alq3-nanoparticles-and-mos2-monolayer
#16
Ganesh Ghimire, Krishna P Dhakal, Guru P Neupane, Seong Gi Jo, Hyun Kim, Changwon Seo, Young Hee Lee, Jinsoo Joo, Jeongyong Kim
Organic/inorganic hybrid structures have been widely studied because of their enhanced physical and chemical properties. Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides (1L-TMDs) and organic nanoparticles can provide a hybridization configuration between zero- and two-dimensional systems with the advantages of convenient preparation and strong interface interaction. Here, we present such a hybrid system made by dispersing π-conjugated organic (tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum(III)) (Alq3) nanoparticles (NPs) on 1L-MoS2...
May 5, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306264/correlating-carrier-density-and-emergent-plasmonic-features-in-cu2-xse-nanoparticles
#17
Lauren E Marbella, Xing Yee Gan, Derrick C Kaseman, Jill E Millstone
Recently, a wide variety of new nanoparticle compositions have been identified as potential plasmonic materials including earth-abundant metals such as aluminum, highly doped semiconductors, as well as metal pnictides. For semiconductor compositions, plasmonic properties may be tuned not only by nanoparticle size and shape, but also by charge carrier density which can be controlled via a variety of intrinsic and extrinsic doping strategies. Current methods to quantitatively determine charge carrier density primarily rely on interpretation of the nanoparticle extinction spectrum...
March 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301725/optomechanics-of-single-aluminum-nanodisks
#18
Man-Nung Su, Pratiksha D Dongare, Debadi Chakraborty, Yue Zhang, Chongyue Yi, Fangfang Wen, Wei-Shun Chang, Peter Nordlander, John E Sader, Naomi J Halas, Stephan Link
Aluminum nanostructures support tunable surface plasmon resonances and have become an alternative to gold nanoparticles. Whereas gold is the most-studied plasmonic material, aluminum has the advantage of high earth abundance and hence low cost. In addition to understanding the size and shape tunability of the plasmon resonance, the fundamental relaxation processes in aluminum nanostructures after photoexcitation must be understood to take full advantage of applications such as photocatalysis and photodetection...
March 28, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278132/formation-of-nitrile-species-on-ag-nanostructures-supported-on-a-al2o3-a-new-corrosion-route-for-silver-exposed-to-the-atmosphere
#19
R J Peláez, J P Espinós, C N Afonso
The aging of supported Ag nanostructures upon storage in ambient conditions (air and room temperature) for 20 months has been studied. The samples are produced on glass substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD); first a 15 nm thick buffer layer of amorphous aluminum oxide (a-Al2O3) is deposited, followed by PLD of Ag. The amount of deposited Ag ranges from that leading to a discontinuous layer up to an almost-percolated layer with a thickness of <6 nm. Some regions of the as-grown silver layers are converted, by laser induced dewetting, into round isolated nanoparticles (NPs) with diameters of up to ∼25 nm...
April 28, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244724/the-role-of-field-electron-emission-in-polypropylene-aluminum-nanodielectrics-under-high-electric-fields
#20
Guoqiang Zhang, Yue Li, Saide Tang, Rhett D Thompson, Lei Zhu
Polymer/metallic particle nanocomposites or nanodielectrics can exhibit colossal dielectric constants with a relatively low dissipation factor under low electric fields and thus seem to be promising for high-energy density dielectric capacitors. To study this possibility, this work focused on the dielectric performance and loss mechanisms in polypropylene (PP)/aluminum nanoparticle (nAl NP) composites under high electric fields. Phosphonic acid-terminated poly(ethylene-co-1-butene) was grafted to the Al2O3 surface layer on the nAl NPs in order to achieve reasonable dispersion in the PP matrix...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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