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aluminum nanoparticles

Bahareh Fahimirad, Alireza Asghari, Maryam Rajabi
In this work, the lanthanum oxide-aluminum oxide (La2O3-Al2O3) nanocomposite is introduced as an efficient photocatalyst for the photo-degradation of the dyes basic green 1 (BG1) and basic red 46 (BR46) in their binary aqueous solution under the UV light irradiation. The properties of this catalyst are determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and UV-visible spectrophotometry. The first-order derivative spectra are used for the simultaneous analysis of the dyes in their binary solution...
February 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Sina Abedini Dereshgi, Zulkarneyn Sisman, Kagan Topalli, Ali Kemal Okyay
Plasmonically enhanced metal-insulator-metal (MIM) type structures are popular among perfect absorbers and photodetectors in which the field enhancement (for increased absorption) mechanism is directly coupled with collection (photocurrent) processes. In this work we propose a device structure that decouples absorption and collection parts for independent optimization. Double-stacked MIM (i.e. MIMIM) photodetectors operating in the near-infrared (NIR) spectrum up to 1200 nm wavelength are demonstrated. In the absorbing MIM (at the top side), we have used Silver nanoparticles resulting from dewetting, yielding a very low reflection of 10% for the most part of the 400 to 1000 nm wavelength range...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mostafa Mahdavi, Alireza Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh
A modified PVC (polyvinyl chloride) membrane with clinoptilolite nanoparticles/hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide surfactant (HDTMABr)/Arsenazo III: (NSMZ-ARS), was used for construction of Al(III) -selective electrode. The raw and modified samples were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM and TEM methods. Among the different tested membranes constructed by raw and modified samples, only, the membrane electrode containing NSMZ-ARS showed a suitable Nernstian response to aluminum in the concentration range of 2...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
T Abhijith, T V Arun Kumar, V S Reddy
Organic bistable memory devices were fabricated by embedding a thin layer of molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) between two tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminum (Alq3) layers. The device exhibited excellent switching characteristics with an ON/OFF current ratio of 1.15 × 10(3) at a read voltage of 1 V. The device showed repeatable write-erase capability and good stability in both the conductance states. These conductance states are non-volatile in nature and can be obtained by applying appropriate voltage pulses. The effect of MoO3 layer thickness and its location in the Alq3 matrix on characteristics of the memory device was investigated...
January 26, 2017: Nanotechnology
Sergii Sergiienko, Kamila Moor, Kristina Gudun, Zarina Yelemessova, Rostislav Bukasov
We used a combination of Raman microscopy, AFM and TEM to quantify the influence of dimerization on the surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) signal for gold and silver nanoparticles (NPs) modified with Raman reporters and situated on gold, silver, and aluminum films and a silicon wafer. The overall increases in the mean SERS enhancement factor (EF) upon dimerization (up by 43% on average) and trimerisation (up by 96% on average) of AuNPs and AgNPs on the studied metal films are within a factor of two, which is moderate when compared to most theoretical models...
January 25, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Conor T Riley, Joseph S T Smalley, Jeffrey R J Brodie, Yeshaiahu Fainman, Donald J Sirbuly, Zhaowei Liu
Broadband absorbers are essential components of many light detection, energy harvesting, and camouflage schemes. Current designs are either bulky or use planar films that cause problems in cracking and delamination during flexing or heating. In addition, transferring planar materials to flexible, thin, or low-cost substrates poses a significant challenge. On the other hand, particle-based materials are highly flexible and can be transferred and assembled onto a more desirable substrate but have not shown high performance as an absorber in a standalone system...
February 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Xue Zhang, James C Joy, Chenwei Zhao, Jin Ho Kim, Gustavo Fernandes, J M Xu, James M Valles
Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) substrates with a self-ordered triangular array of nanopores provide the means to fabricate multiple forms of nano materials, such as nanowires and nanoparticles. This study focuses on nanostructures that emerge in thin films of metals thermally evaporated onto the surface of AAO. Previous work showed that films of different evaporated metals assume dramatically different structures, e.g. an ordered triangular array of nearly monodisperse nanoparticles forms for lead (Pb) while a polycrystalline nanohoneycomb structure forms for silver (Ag)...
March 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
W J Li, X L Zhou, B L Liu, J J Dai, P Song, Y Teng
:   BACKGROUND: Some mammalian oocytes have been successfully cryopreserved by vitrification. However, the survival and developmental rate of vitrified oocytes is still low. The incorporation of nanoparticles into cryoprotectant (CPA) may improve the efficiency of vitrification by changing the properties of solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The toxicity of different concentrations of hydroxy apatite (HA), silica dioxide (SO2), aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (20 nm in diameter) to oocytes was tested and the toxicity threshold value of each nanoparticle was determined...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
Z P Li, Z M Xu, X P Qu, S B Wang, J Peng, L H Mei
How to use high aspect ratio anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes as an etching and evaporation mask is one of the unsolved problems in the application of nanostructured arrays. Here we describe the versatile utilizations of the highly ordered AAO membranes with a high aspect ratio of more than 20 used as universal masks for the formation of various nanostructure arrays on various substrates. The result shows that the fabricated nanopore and nanoparticle arrays of substrates inherit the regularity of the AAO membranes completely...
January 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
Wenjuan Tan, Wenchao Du, Ana C Barrios, Raul Armendariz, Nubia Zuverza-Mena, Zhaoxia Ji, Chong Hyun Chang, Jeffrey I Zink, Jose A Hernandez-Viezcas, Jose R Peralta-Videa, Jorge L Gardea-Torresdey
Little is known about the effects of surface coating on the interaction of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) with plants. In this study, basil (Ocimum basilicum) was cultivated for 65 days in soil amended with unmodified, hydrophobic (coated with aluminum oxide and dimethicone), and hydrophilic (coated with aluminum oxide and glycerol) titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) at 125, 250, 500, and 750 mg nano-TiO2 kg(-1) soil. ICP-OES/MS, SPAD meter, and UV/Vis spectrometry were used to determine Ti and essential elements in tissues, relative chlorophyll content, carbohydrates, and antioxidant response, respectively...
March 2017: Environmental Pollution
Janine Kaden, Stephan I Brückner, Susanne Machill, Christoph Krafft, Andreas Pöppl, Eike Brunner
Iron incorporation into diatom biosilica was investigated for the species Stephanopyxis turris. It is known that several "foreign" elements (e.g., germanium, titanium, aluminum, zinc, iron) can be incorporated into the siliceous cell walls of diatoms in addition to silicon dioxide (SiO2). In order to examine the amount and form of iron incorporation, the iron content in the growth medium was varied during cultivation. Fe:Si ratios of isolated cell walls were measured by ICP-OES. SEM studies were performed to examine of a possible influence of excess iron during diatom growth upon cell wall formation...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Patrícia L Goto, Marigilson P Siqueira-Moura, Antonio C Tedesco
Cutaneous melanoma is the most aggressive skin cancer and is particularly resistant to current therapeutic approaches. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a well-established photoprocess that is employed to treat some cancers, including non-melanoma skin cancer. Aluminum chloride phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) is used as a photosensitizer in PDT; however, its high hydrophobicity hampers its photodynamic activity under physiological conditions. The aim of this study was to produce solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) containing ClAlPc using the direct emulsification method...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
N Manohar, F Reynoso, P Diagaradjane, S Krishnan, S Cho
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the ability to perform high-resolution imaging and quantification of sparse distributions of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) within ex vivo tumor samples using a highly-sensitive benchtop L-shell x-ray fluorescence (XRF) imaging system. METHODS: An optimized L-shell XRF imaging system was assembled using a tungsten-target x-ray source (operated at 62 kVp and 45 mA). The x-rays were filtered (copper: 0.08 mm & aluminum: 0.04 mm) and collimated (lead: 5 cm thickness, 3 cm aperture diameter) into a cone-beam in order to irradiate small samples or objects...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Francesco Todisco, Marco Esposito, Simone Panaro, Milena De Giorgi, Lorenzo Dominici, Dario Ballarini, Antonio I Fernández-Domínguez, Vittorianna Tasco, Massimo Cuscunà, Adriana Passaseo, Cristian Ciracì, Giuseppe Gigli, Daniele Sanvitto
Combining localized surface plasmons (LSPs) and diffractive surface waves (DSWs) in metallic nanoparticle gratings leads to the emergence of collective hybrid plasmonic-photonic modes known as surface lattice resonances (SLRs). These show reduced losses and therefore a higher Q factor with respect to pure LSPs, at the price of larger volumes. Thus, they can constitute a flexible and efficient platform for light-matter interaction. However, it remains an open question if there is, in terms of the Q/V ratio, a sizable gain with respect to the uncoupled LSPs or DSWs...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Long Wen, Qin Chen, Xin Hu, Huacun Wang, Lin Jin, Qiang Su
Plasmonic scattering from metallic nanoparticles has been used for centuries to create the colorful appearance of stained glass. Besides their use as passive spectral filtering components, multifunctional optoelectronic applications can be achieved by integrating the nanoscatters with semiconductors that generate electricity using the complementary spectral components of plasmonic colors. To suppress the usual degradation of both efficiency and the gamut of plasmonic scattering coloration in highly asymmetric index configurations like a silicon host, aluminum nanodisks on indium tin oxide (ITO) coated silicon were experimentally studied and demonstrated color sorting in the full visible range along with photocurrent generation...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Jamila Djafari, Catarina Marinho, Tiago Santos, Gilberto Igrejas, Carmen Torres, José Luis Capelo, Patricia Poeta, Carlos Lodeiro, Javier Fernández-Lodeiro
The Front Cover picture shows new silver (Ag) and gold (Au) nanoparticle-based tetracycline (TC) nanocomposites (AuNPs@TC and AgNPs@TC). A new synthetic methodology for the preparation of water-soluble Au and Ag nanoparticles, using the antibiotic TC as co-reducing and stabilizing agent, is reported. Both colloids exhibit high water stability, with an average size of 15±5 and 25±10 nm, respectively. Both composites are tested against TC-resistant bacteria, presenting an increasing antibacterial effect in the case of AgNPs@TC...
June 2016: ChemistryOpen
Fernando Vazquez-Garcia, Mário Tanomaru-Filho, Gisselle Moraima Chávez-Andrade, Roberta Bosso-Martelo, Maria Inês Basso-Bernardi, Juliane Maria Guerreiro-Tanomaru
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Portland cement (PC) are calcium silicate cements. They have similar physicochemical, mechanical and biological properties. The addition of zirconium oxide (ZrO2) to PC provides radiopacity. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) may improve some properties of cements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of AgNPs on physicochemical/mechanical properties and antibacterial activity of white MTA (WMTA) and PC associated with ZrO2. The following materials were evaluated: WMTA; PC 70% + ZrO2 30%; WMTA+ AgNPs; and PC 70% + ZrO2 30% + AgNPs...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
Yanyan Liang, Zhengping Liu
Ionic current rectification of nanofluidic diode membranes has been studied widely in recent years because it is analogous to the functionality of biological ion channels in principle. We report a new method to fabricate ionic current rectification membranes based on mesoporous silica confined in anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes. Two types of mesostructured silica nanocomposites, hexagonal structure and nanoparticle stacked structure, were used to asymmetrically fill nanochannels of AAO membranes by a vapor-phase synthesis (VPS) method with aspiration approach and were further modified via sequence vapor infiltration (SVI) treatment...
December 20, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Elizabeth A Thoryk, Gokul Swaminathan, Steven Meschino, Kara S Cox, Marian Gindy, Danilo R Casimiro, Andrew J Bett
A vast body of evidence suggests that nanoparticles function as potent immune-modulatory agents. We have previously shown that Merck proprietary Lipid NanoParticles (LNPs) markedly boost B-cell and T-cell responses to sub-unit vaccine antigens in mice. To further evaluate the specifics of vaccine delivery and dosing regimens in vivo, we performed immunogenicity studies in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice using two model antigens, Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) and Ovalbumin (OVA), respectively. To assess the requirement for co-administration of antigen and LNP for the elicitation of immune responses, we evaluated immune responses after administering antigen and LNP to separate limbs, or administering antigen and LNP to the same limb but separated by 24 h...
December 6, 2016: Vaccines
Ankun Yang, Alexander J Hryn, Marc R Bourgeois, Won-Kyu Lee, Jingtian Hu, George C Schatz, Teri W Odom
Plasmonic nanostructures with enhanced localized optical fields as well as narrow linewidths have driven advances in numerous applications. However, the active engineering of ultranarrow resonances across the visible regime-and within a single system-has not yet been demonstrated. This paper describes how aluminum nanoparticle arrays embedded in an elastomeric slab may exhibit high-quality resonances with linewidths as narrow as 3 nm at wavelengths not accessible by conventional plasmonic materials. We exploited stretching to improve and tune simultaneously the optical response of as-fabricated nanoparticle arrays by shifting the diffraction mode relative to single-particle dipolar or quadrupolar resonances...
December 13, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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