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aluminum nanoparticles

Xiaobo Pan, Xinyue Liang, Longfang Yao, Xinyi Wang, Yueyue Jing, Jiong Ma, Yiyan Fei, Li Chen, Lan Mi
TiO₂ nanoparticles modified with phthalocyanines (Pc) have been proven to be a potential photosensitizer in the application of photodynamic therapy (PDT). However, the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by TiO₂ nanoparticles modified with Pc has not been demonstrated clearly. In this study, nitrogen-doped TiO₂ conjugated with Pc (N-TiO₂-Pc) were studied by means of monitoring the generation of ROS. The absorbance and photokilling effect on HeLa cells upon visible light of different regions were also studied and compared with non-doped TiO₂-Pc and Pc...
October 20, 2017: Nanomaterials
Sarah Kadhim Mohsin Al-Hayali, Dunya Zeki Mohammed, Wurood Abdulkhaleq Khaleel, Abdul Hadi Al-Janabi
We report on aluminum oxide nanoparticles (Al2O3 NPs) as a saturable absorber (SA) for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) operating at a wavelength of 1560.6 nm within the C-band region. A thin film of Al2O3-SA was prepared using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a host polymer. Very stable pulses with a 57.8 KHz repetition rate and 5.6 μs pulse width at a threshold pump power of 158 mW were obtained. A 2.8 μs pulse width, 81 kHz pulse repetition rate, with maximum pulse energy of 56.7 nJ at a diode pump power of 330 mW were recorded...
June 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Natália J S Costa, Lucas L R Vono, Robert Wojcieszak, Érico Teixiera-Neto, Karine Philippot, Liane M Rossi
Herein we report a one pot organometallic strategy to access alumina-embedded Pd nanoparticles. Unexpectedly, the decomposition of the organometallic complex tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0), Pd2(dba)3, by dihydrogen in the presence of aluminum isopropoxide, Al(iPrO)3, and without extra stabilizers, was found to be an efficient method to generate a Pd colloidal solution. Careful characterization studies revealed that the so-obtained Pd nanoparticles were stabilized by an aluminum isopropoxide tetramer and 1,5-diphenyl-pentan-3-one, which was produced after reduction of the dba ligand from the organometallic precursor...
October 11, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
A Momot, M N Amini, G Reekmans, D Lamoen, B Partoens, D R Slocombe, K Elen, P Adriaensens, A Hardy, M K Van Bael
A combined experimental and first-principles study is performed to study the origin of conductivity in ZnO:Al nanoparticles synthesized under controlled conditions via a reflux route using benzylamine as a solvent. The experimental characterization of the samples by Raman, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and conductivity measurements indicates that upon annealing in nitrogen, the Al atoms at interstitial positions migrate to the substitutional positions, creating at the same time Zn interstitials. We provide evidence for the fact that the formed complex of AlZn and Zni corresponds to the origin of the Knight shifted peak (KS) we observe in (27)Al NMR...
October 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Haoyang Jiang, Gongzheng Zhang, Feibo Li, Yaqian Zhang, Yu Lei, Yanhong Xia, Xianghu Jin, Xianqi Feng, Huanjun Li
Self-healing hydrogels like tissues or organs which are repaired automatically in response to damage show great promise. However, it remains a challenge to develop novel functional nanoparticles as crosslinkers to prepare tough and self-healing nanocomposite hydrogels. Here, we report the preparation of water-soluble ultrasmall aluminum hydroxide nanoparticles with a diameter of 2-3 nm through a simple sol-gel method. Furthermore, a tough nanocomposite hydrogel is prepared by the in situ copolymerization of acylamide and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl propane sulfonic acid in the presence of aluminum hydroxide nanoparticles...
October 19, 2017: Nanoscale
Piyush K Parashar, Vamsi K Komarala
Self-assembled silver-aluminum (Ag-Al) alloy nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in SiO2, Si3N4, and SiON dielectric thin film matrices explored as a hybrid plasmonic structure for silicon solar cells to maximize light confinement. The Ag2Al NPs prepared by ex-vacuo solid-state dewetting, and alloy formation confirmed by X-ray diffraction and photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. Nanoindentation by atomic force microscopy revealed better surface adhesion of alloy NPs on silicon surface than Ag NPs due to the Al presence...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
Theo Calais, David Bourrier, Aurélien Bancaud, Yves J Chabal, Alain Esteve, Carole Rossi
DNA-directed assembly of nano-objects as a means to manufacture advanced nanomaterial architectures has been the subject of many studies. However, most applications have dealt with noble metals as there are fundamental difficulties to work with other materials. In this work, we propose a generic and systematic approach for functionalizing and characterizing oxide surfaces with single-stranded DNA oligonucleotides. This protocol is applied to aluminum and copper oxide nanoparticles due to their great interest for the fabrication of highly energetic heterogeneous nanocomposites...
September 29, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
José de Jesús Figueroa-Lara, Miguel Torres-Rodríguez, Mirella Gutiérrez-Arzaluz, Mario Romero-Romo
This research presents the interaction of the epoxy polymer diglicydil ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA) with silica (SiO₂) nanoparticles plus zirconia (ZrO₂) nanoparticles obtained via the sol-gel method in the synthesis of an epoxy-silica-zirconia hybrid adhesive cured with polyamide. ZrO₂ nanoparticles were added to the epoxy-silica hybrid adhesive produced in situ to modify the apparent shear strength of two adhesively bonded aluminum specimens. The results showed that the addition of different amounts of ZrO₂ nanoparticles increased the shear strength of the adhesively bonded aluminum joint, previously treated by sandblasting, immersion in hot water and silanized with a solution of hydrolyzed 3-glycidoxipropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS)...
September 27, 2017: Materials
Dayne F Swearer, Rowan K Leary, Ryan Newell, Sadegh Yazdi, Hossein Robatjazi, Yue Zhang, David Renard, Peter Nordlander, Paul A Midgley, Naomi J Halas, Emilie Ringe
Recently, aluminum has been established as an earth-abundant alternative to gold and silver for plasmonic applications. Particularly, aluminum nanocrystals have shown to be promising plasmonic photocatalysts, especially when coupled with catalytic metals or oxides into "antenna-reactor" heterostructures. Here, a simple polyol synthesis is presented as a flexible route to produce aluminum nanocrystals decorated with eight varieties of size-tunable transition-metal nanoparticle islands, many of which have precedence as heterogeneous catalysts...
October 2, 2017: ACS Nano
Surendra Shinde, Dae-Young Kim, Rijuta Ganesh Saratale, Asad Syed, Fuad Ameen, Gajanan Ghodake
A simple green route has been developed for the synthesis of casein peptide functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), in which casein peptide acts as a reducing as well as the stabilizing agent. In this report, AuNPs have been characterized on the basis of spectroscopic and microscopic results; which showed selective and sensitive response toward Al(3+) in aqueous media, and Al(3+) induces aggregation of AuNPs. The sensing study performed for Al(3+) revealed that the color change from red to blue was due to a red-shift in the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band and the formation of aggregated species of AuNPs...
September 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
Cedric Frantz, Alessandro Lauria, Cristina Vicente Manzano, Carlos Guerra-Nuñez, Markus Niederberger, Cédric Storrer, Johann Michler, Laetitia Vérnique Philippe
TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by nonaqueous sol-gel route using chloride precursor and benzyl alcohol as the solvent. The obtained 4 nm size anatase nanocrystals were readily dispersible in various polar solvents allowing for simple preparation of colloidal dispersions in water, isopropyl alcohol, dimethyl sulfoxide, and ethanol. Results showed that dispersed nanoparticles have acidic properties and exhibit positive zeta-potential which is suitable for their deposition by cathodic electrophoresis. Aluminum substrates were anodized in phosphoric acid in order to produce porous anodic oxide layers with pores ranging from 160 to 320 nm...
September 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Holger Sieg, Claudia Kästner, Benjamin Krause, Thomas Meyer, Agnès Burel, Linda Böhmert, Dajana Lichtenstein, Harald Jungnickel, Jutta Tentschert, Peter Laux, Albert Braeuning, Irina Estrela-Lopis, Fabienne Gauffre, Valérie Fessard, Jan Meijer, Andreas Luch, Andreas F Thünemann, Alfonso Lampen
Aluminum has gathered toxicological attention based on relevant human exposure and its suspected hazardous potential. Nanoparticles from food supplements or food contact materials may reach the human gastrointestinal tract. Here, we monitored the physicochemical fate of aluminum-containing nanoparticles and aluminum ions when passaging an in vitro model of the human gastrointestinal tract. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ion beam microscopy (IBM), secondary ion beam mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in the single-particle mode were employed to characterize two aluminum-containing nanomaterials with different particle core materials (Al(0), γAl2O3) and soluble AlCl3...
September 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Essam Moustafa
In the present work, an aluminum metal matrix reinforced with (Al₂O₃) nanoparticles was fabricated as a surface composite sheet using friction stir processing (FSP). The effects of processing parameters on mechanical properties, hardness, and microstructure grain were investigated. The results revealed that multi-pass FSP causes a homogeneous distribution and good dispersion of Al₂O₃ in the metal matrix, and consequently an increase in the hardness of the matrix composites. A finer grain is observed in the microstructure examination in specimens subjected to second and third passes of FSP...
September 8, 2017: Materials
Atefeh Mirshafa, Mehdi Nazari, Daniel Jahani, Fatemeh Shaki
Aluminum nanoparticles (AlNPs) are among the most abundantly produced nanosized particles in the market. There is limited information about the potential harmful effects of aluminum oxide due to its particle size on human health. Considering the toxic effects of Al on brain as its target tissue, in this study, the toxicity of nanoparticles, microparticles, and ionic forms of Al on rat brain and isolated mitochondria was evaluated. Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into ten groups (six rats each), in which group I was the control, and the other groups were administered different doses of Al nanoparticles, Al microparticles (AlMP), and Al ionic forms (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg, i...
August 30, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
Yisi Liu, Hao Jiang, Jiayu Hao, Yulong Liu, Haibo Shen, Wenzhang Li, Jie Li
Aluminum-air battery is a promising candidate for large-scale energy applications because of its low cost and high energy density. Remarkably, tremendous efforts have been concentrated on developing efficient and stable cathode electrocatalysts toward the oxygen reduction reaction. In this work, a hydrothermal-calcination approach was utilized to prepare novel reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-supported hollow ZnO/ZnCo2O4 nanoparticle-embedded carbon nanocages (ZnO/ZnCo2O4/C@rGO) using a zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-67)/graphene oxide/zinc nitrate composite as the precursor...
September 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Eun-Jung Park, Gwang-Hee Lee, Cheolho Yoon, Uiseok Jeong, Younghun Kim, Jaerak Chang, Dong-Wan Kim
The tissue distribution and toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) depend on their physical and chemical properties both in the manufactured condition and within the biological system. We characterized three types of commercially available aluminum-based NPs (Al-NPs), two rod-type aluminum oxide NPs (Al2 O3 , AlONPs), with different aspect ratios (short [S]- and long [L]-AlONPs), and spherical aluminum cerium oxide NPs (AlCeO3 , AlCeONPs). The surface area was in order of the S-AlONPs > L-AlONPs > AlCeONPs. Very importantly, we found that AlCeONPs is Al2 O3 -coated CeO2 NPs, but not AlCeO3 NPs, and that the Al level in AlCeONPs is approximately 20% of those in S- and L-AlONPs...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Jeremy N Kunz, Dmitri V Voronine, Weigang Lu, Zachary Liege, Ho Wai Howard Lee, Zhenrong Zhang, Marlan O Scully
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is an effective bacterial inactivation technique with broad applications in environmental disinfection. However, biomedical applications are limited due to the low selectivity, undesired inactivation of beneficial bacteria and damage of healthy tissue. New approaches are needed for the protection of biological cells from UV radiation for the development of controlled treatment and improved biosensors. Aluminum plasmonics offers attractive opportunities for the control of light-matter interactions in the UV range, which have not yet been explored in microbiology...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Janosch Schoon, Sven Geißler, Juliane Traeger, Andreas Luch, Jutta Tentschert, Giorgio Perino, Frank Schulze, Georg N Duda, Carsten Perka, Anastasia Rakow
Porous tantalum components are widely used for complex acetabular reconstructions in revision hip arthroplasty. Multiple other metal alloys such as titanium-aluminum-vanadium or cobalt-chromium-molybdenum are principally used in artificial joint setups. We report a case of tantalum component failure being both cause and effect of a multiple metal exposure. Our aims were to assess and to characterize associated particle exposure and biological consequences. Metal level quantification revealed substantial in vivo exposure to particulate and dissociated tantalum, zirconium, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, titanium, aluminum and vanadium in periprosthetic compartments...
August 16, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Francisco J Carmona, Ignacio Jiménez-Amezcua, Sara Rojas, Carlos C Romão, Jorge A R Navarro, Carmen R Maldonado, Elisa Barea
Mesoporous silica Al-MCM-41 nanoparticles have been used, for the first time, as vehicles for the single and dual encapsulation of the cationic CO-releasing molecule (CORM) [Mn(1,4,7-triazacyclononane)(CO)3](+) (ALF472(+)) and the well-known antineoplastic drug, cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2] (cisplatin). Thus, two new hybrid materials, namely, ALF472@Al-MCM-41 and ALF472-cisplatin@Al-MCM-41, have been isolated and fully characterized. The results reveal that the presence of CORM molecules enhances cisplatin loading 3-fold, yielding a cargo of 0...
August 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Jin-Ling Luo, Shi-Fa Wang, Wei Liu, Cheng-Xiang Tian, Ju-Wei Wu, Xiao-Tao Zu, Wei-Lie Zhou, Xiao-Dong Yuan, Xia Xiang
Three kinds of Al-TiO2 samples and pure TiO2 samples were synthesized via a modified polyacrylamide gel route using different aluminum salts, including Al2(SO4)3∙18H2O, AlCl3, and Al(NO3)3∙9H2O under identical conditions. The influence of different aluminum salts on the phase purity, morphologies, thermal stability of anatase and photocatalytic properties of the as-prepared Al-TiO2 nanoparticles were studied. The energy gap (Eg) of Al-TiO2 nanoparticles decreases due to Al ion doping into TiO2. The photocatalytic activities of the Al-TiO2 samples were investigated by the degradation of acid orange 7 dye in aqueous solution under simulated solar irradiation...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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