Read by QxMD icon Read

end stage copd

Suzanne Miller, Amanda P Henry, Emily Hodge, Alexander K Kheirallah, Charlotte K Billington, Tracy L Rimington, Sangita K Bhaker, Ma'en Obeidat, Erik Melén, Simon K Merid, Caroline Swan, Catherine Gowland, Carl P Nelson, Ceri E Stewart, Charlotte E Bolton, Iain Kilty, Anders Malarstig, Stuart G Parker, Miriam F Moffatt, Andrew J Wardlaw, Ian P Hall, Ian Sayers
INTRODUCTION: Genome-Wide Association Studies have identified associations between lung function measures and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and chromosome region 6p21 containing the gene for the Advanced Glycation End Product Receptor (AGER, encoding RAGE). We aimed to (i) characterise RAGE expression in the lung, (ii) identify AGER transcripts, (iii) ascertain if SNP rs2070600 (Gly82Ser C/T) is associated with lung function and serum sRAGE levels and (iv) identify whether the Gly82Ser variant is functionally important in altering sRAGE levels in an airway epithelial cell model...
2016: PloS One
Feng-Sen Li, Yan-Li Zhang, Zheng Li, Dan Xu, Chun-Yan Liao, Huan Ma, Li Gong, Jun Su, Qi Sun, Qian Xu, Zhen Gao, Ling Wang, Jing Jing, Jing Wang, Min Jiang, Ge Tian, Bilal Hasan
In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the Yiqigubiao pill is commonly used to enhance physical fitness. The current clinical trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Yiqigubiao pill as an adjuvant therapy for patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The current trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled superiority trial. The participants were recruited from outpatients at the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital affiliated with Xinjiang Medical University (Ürümqi, China) between February and September 2012...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Kazuki Okura, Atsuyoshi Kawagoshi, Masahiro Iwakura, Keiyu Sugawara, Hitomi Takahashi, Takeshi Kashiwagura, Mitsunobu Homma, Masahiro Satake, Takanobu Shioya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diaphragm function might be useful to predict nocturnal oxygen desaturation in COPD. Ultrasonography has been widely used for the assessment of the diaphragm. We aimed to investigate the relationship between the contractile capability of the diaphragm assessed by ultrasonography and the nocturnal percutaneous arterial oxygen saturation (NSpO2 ) in COPD. METHODS: Twenty-eight male patients with COPD (age, 73 ± 7 years; forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ), 54...
September 9, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Carlos R Franco Palacios, Eric N Haugen, Amanda M Thompson, Richard W Rasmussen, Nathan Goracke, Pankaj Goyal
BACKGROUND: The target blood pressure in older patients is controversial. Recent studies provided clinical evidence supporting a target systolic blood pressure <120 mmHg in patients >50 years at high risk of cardiovascular events. METHODS: Retrospective study of 380 consecutive patients ≥60 years with stages 1-5 pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease seen between January 2013 and November 2015. The outcomes of a systolic blood pressure <120 mmHg in older patients with chronic kidney disease and multiple comorbidities were analyzed...
September 8, 2016: Renal Failure
Jan Nyman, Andreas Hallqvist, Jo-Smund Lund, Odd-Terje Brustugun, Bengt Bergman, Per Bergström, Signe Friesland, Rolf Lewensohn, Erik Holmberg, Ingmar Lax
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has been introduced for small lung tumors due to excellent local control and few side effects, even though there are no comparative studies. SPACE (Stereotactic Precision And Conventional radiotherapy Evaluation) is the first randomized phase II trial comparing SBRT and conventional fractionated radiotherapy (3DCRT). METHODS: Patients with stage I medically inoperable NSCLC were randomized to receive SBRT to 66Gy in 3 fractions (one week) or 3DCRT to 70Gy (7weeks)...
September 3, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Janos Varga, Richard Casaburi, Shuyi Ma, Ariel Hecht, David Hsia, Attila Somfay, Janos Porszasz
Active expiration during exercise can increase intrathoracic pressure yielding concavity in the expiratory flow-volume loop in COPD. We investigated the relationship between this concavity and dynamic hyperinflation (DH). 17 COPD patients (FEV1: 38±10%pred, GOLD stage 3-4) and 12 healthy subjects performed cycle ergometer incremental exercise. Expiratory limb of the spontaneous flow-volume loop was analyzed breath-by-breath using a geometric approach (rectangular area ratio (RAR), Respir. Med., 104(3):389-96, 2010)...
August 26, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Rajashree Ranjita, Sumati Badhai, Alex Hankey, Hongasandra R Nagendra
CONTEXT: Psychological comorbidities are prevalent in coal miners with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and contribute to the severity of the disease reducing their health status. Yoga has been shown to alleviate depression and anxiety associated with other chronic diseases but in COPD not been fully investigated. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the role of yoga on health status, depression, and anxiety in coal miners with COPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized trial with two study arms (yoga and control), which enrolled 81 coal miners, ranging from 36 to 60 years with stage II and III stable COPD...
July 2016: International Journal of Yoga
Evgenia A Kochetkova, Vera A Nevzorova, Ludmila G Ugai, Yulia V Maistrovskaia, Gilbert Massard
A disequilibrium of tumor necrosis superfamily (TNF) members, including the serum osteoprotegerin, soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand, soluble TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand and TNF-α, was associated with the occurrence of a reduced skeletal mass and osteoporosis in male patients with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between serum biomarkers of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily and body and bone compositions in end-stage COPD males...
August 8, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
Panayiotis D Ziakas, Nina Joyce, Ioannis M Zacharioudakis, Fainareti N Zervou, Richard W Besdine, Vincent Mor, Eleftherios Mylonakis
The elderly population is particularly vulnerable to Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), but the epidemiology of CDI in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) is unknown.We performed a retrospective cohort study and used US 2011 LTCF resident data from the Minimum Data Set 3.0 linked to Medicare claims. We extracted CDI cases based on International Classification of Diseases-9 coding, and compared residents with the diagnosis of CDI to those who did not have a CDI diagnosis during their LTCF stay. We estimated CDI prevalence rates and calculated 3-month mortality rates...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kang-Yun Lee, Ling-Ling Chiang, Shu-Chuan Ho, Wen-Te Liu, Tzu-Tao Chen, Po-Hao Feng, Chien-Ling Su, Kai-Jen Chuang, Chih-Cheng Chang, Hsiao-Chi Chuang
Although traffic exposure has been associated with the development of COPD, the role of particulate matter <10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10) in the pathogenesis of COPD is not yet fully understood. We assessed the 1-year effect of exposure to PM10 on the pathogenesis of COPD in a retrospective cohort study. We recruited 53 subjects with COPD stages III and IV and 15 healthy controls in a hospital in Taiwan. We estimated the 1-year annual mean levels of PM10 at all residential addresses of the cohort participants...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Yi-Chih Hung, Che-Chen Lin, Wei-Lun Huang, Man-Ping Chang, Ching-Chu Chen
The incidence of heart failure hospitalization (HHF) after taking sitagliptin in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis is unclear. In this population-based cohort study, we identified individuals with T2DM and ESRD on dialysis who were treated with sitagliptin between 2009 and 2011 and randomly selected a control cohort matched by age, sex, duration of T2DM, hypertension medications, use of statin and aspirin, sulfonylureas, glinides, and insulin usage, atherosclerotic heart disease, congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at a 1:4 ratio...
2016: Scientific Reports
Luke D Kim, Lei Kou, Barbara J Messinger-Rapport, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVES: To validate the HOSPITAL score for predicting 30-day all-cause readmission rates in a cohort of medical patients discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Cleveland Clinic Main Campus. PARTICIPANTS: Cleveland Clinic Main Campus medicine services patients who were admitted between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2012, and subsequently discharged to 110 SNFs within a 25-mile radius of the hospital...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Firdaus A Mohamed Hoesein, Tim Besselink, Esther Pompe, Erik-Jan Oudijk, Ed A de Graaf, J M Kwakkel-van Erp, Pim A de Jong, Bart Luijk
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in COPD is associated with a higher mortality and an increased risk on exacerbations compared to COPD patients without PH. The aim was to evaluate the diagnostic value of pulmonary artery (PA) measurements on chest computed tomography (CT) for PH in end-stage COPD. METHODS: COPD patients evaluated for eligibility for lung transplantation between 2004 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics, chest CTs, spirometry, and right-sided heart catheterizations (RHC) were studied...
October 2016: Lung
Iftihar Koksal, Selcuk Kaya, Eda Gencalioglu, Gurdal Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence of and risk factors for nephrotoxicity in patients using intravenous colistin. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study was conducted at Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Medicine, clinics and intensive care unit between 1 January 2009 and 1 January 2013. Intravenous colistin was administered to 133 patients at a dose of 2.5-5.0 mg/kg/day. RESULTS: The patients mean age was 54.3±19...
July 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Barret Rush, Paul Hertz, Alexandra Bond, Robert McDermid, Leo Anthony Celi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of palliative care (PC) in patients with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on home oxygen hospitalized for an exacerbation METHODS: Retrospective nationwide cohort analysis utilising the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). All patients >18 years of age with a diagnosis of COPD on home oxygen admitted for an exacerbation were included. RESULTS: 55,208,382 hospitalizations from the 2006-2012 NIS samples were examined...
July 4, 2016: Chest
Melissa W Wachterman, Corey Pilver, Dawn Smith, Mary Ersek, Stuart R Lipsitz, Nancy L Keating
IMPORTANCE: Efforts to improve end-of-life care have focused primarily on patients with cancer. High-quality end-of-life care is also critical for patients with other illnesses. OBJECTIVE: To compare patterns of end-of-life care and family-rated quality of care for patients dying with different serious illnesses. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in all 146 inpatient facilities within the Veteran Affairs health system among patients who died in inpatient facilities between October 1, 2009, and September 30, 2012, with clinical diagnoses categorized as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), cancer, cardiopulmonary failure (congestive heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), dementia, frailty, or other conditions...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Katherine R Courtright, Vanessa Madden, Nicole B Gabler, Elizabeth Cooney, Dylan S Small, Andrea Troxel, David Casarett, Mary Ersek, J Brian Cassel, Lauren Hersch Nicholas, Gabriel Escobar, Sarah H Hill, Dan O'Brien, Mark Vogel, Scott D Halpern
The substantial nationwide investment in inpatient palliative care services stems from their great promise to improve patient-centered outcomes and reduce costs. However, robust experimental evidence of these benefits is lacking. The Randomized Evaluation of Default Access to Palliative Services (REDAPS) study is a pragmatic, stepped-wedge, cluster randomized trial designed to test the efficacy and costs of specialized palliative care consultative services for hospitalized patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia, or end-stage renal disease, as well as the overall effectiveness of ordering such services by default...
September 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Cheng-Huang Shen, Cai-Mei Zheng, Kee-Thai Kiu, Hsin-An Chen, Chia-Chang Wu, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Yung-Ho Hsu, Yuh-Feng Lin, Yuan-Hung Wang
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients commonly have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases than general population. Chronic kidney disease is an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF); however, little is known about the AF risk among ESRD patients with various modalities of renal replacement therapy. We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to determine the incident AF among peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients in Taiwan.Our ESRD cohort include Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified 15,947 patients, who started renal replacement therapy between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2003...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dave Singh, Mina Gaga, Olaf Schmidt, Leif Bjermer, Lars Grönke, Florian Voß, Gary T Ferguson
BACKGROUND: As lung function declines rapidly in the early stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the effects of bronchodilators in patients with moderate disease and those who have not previously received maintenance therapy are of interest. OTEMTO® 1 and 2 were two replicate, 12-week, Phase III studies investigating the benefit of tiotropium + olodaterol on lung function and quality of life in patients with moderate to severe disease. Post hoc analyses were performed to assess the benefits for patients according to disease severity and treatment history...
2016: Respiratory Research
Bita Hajian, Jan De Backer, Wim Vos, Jelle Aerts, Johan Cluckers, Wilfried De Backer
INTRODUCTION: The administration of medication by inhalation has become the most important route in treating airway diseases. The efficacy of this route depends on several factors like correct inhalation techniques, compliance and the size of the particles. The flow properties and internal flow distribution contribute to the deposition pattern. AREAS COVERED: What has been less well studied is the effect of the internal flow distribution. We know from recent studies that using systemic anti-inflammatory compounds that open up the distal airways redistributes flow internally and enhances the deposition of inhaled particles to the active site of bronchoconstriction or airway inflammation...
June 13, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"