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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048283/we-h-204-03-part-2-history-and-archives-resources-at-aip-for-aapm-and-its-members
#1
M Mueller
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047523/we-h-204-00-history-committee-symposium
#2
Michael Gossman
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046866/we-h-204-01-william-d-coolidge-inventor-of-the-modern-x-ray-tube
#3
D Allard
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046206/we-h-204-02-part-1-history-and-archives-resources-at-aip-for-aapm-and-its-members
#4
G Good
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027161/fortieth-lauriston-s-taylor-lecture-radiation-protection-and-regulatory-science
#5
John W Poston
It took about 30 y after Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen's discovery of x rays and Henri Becquerel's discovery of natural radioactivity for scientists in the civilized world to formulate recommendations on exposure to ionizing radiation. We know of these efforts today because the organizations that resulted from the concerns raised in 1928 at the Second International Congress of Radiology still play a role in radiation protection. The organizations are known today as the International Commission on Radiological Protection and, in the United States, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP)...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002857/mri-of-the-prostate-recommendations-on-patient-preparation-and-scanning-protocol
#6
Tobias Franiel, Michael Quentin, Ullrich Gerd Mueller-Lisse, Lars Schimmoeller, Patrick Asbach, Stefan Rödel, Winfried Willinek, Katja Hueper, Dirk Beyersdorff, Matthias Röthke
The Working Group Uroradiology and Urogenital Diagnosis of the German Roentgen Society has developed uniform recommendations for the preparation and implementation of prostate MRI. In the first part detailed recommendations are given in tabular form regarding 1. anamnestic data before prostate MRI, 2. termination of examinations and preparation of examinations, 3. examination protocol and 4. MRI-guided in-bore biopsy. In the second part, the recommendations are discussed in detail and relevant background information is provided...
January 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000138/electron-beam-technology-and-other-irradiation-technology-applications-in-the-food-industry
#7
REVIEW
Suresh D Pillai, Shima Shayanfar
Food irradiation is over 100 years old, with the original patent for X-ray treatment of foods being issued in early 1905, 20 years after there discovery by W. C. Roentgen in 1885. Since then, food irradiation technology has become one of the most extensively studied food processing technologies in the history of mankind. Unfortunately, it is the one of the most misunderstood technologies with the result that there are rampant misunderstandings of the core technology, the ideal applications, and how to use it effectively to derive the maximum benefits...
February 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935883/-roentgen-endovascular-treatment-of-common-carotid-artery-dissection-after-eversion-carotid-endarterectomy
#8
V N Tsygankov, A M Frantsevich, A A Sidorov, A I Goncharov, A E Zotikov, O L Talybly
The article deals with the use of self-expanding stents for endovascular treatment in patients presenting with dissection of the common carotid artery, exemplified by two clinical case reports. In both cases, dissection of the common carotid artery developed after eversion carotid endarterectomy. Intimal detachment was eliminated in both cases by implanting self-expanding stents. These cases demonstrated possibilities of roentgen endovascular methods of treatment making it possible to successfully replace a repeat, technically difficult surgical intervention for iatrogenic dissection of the common carotid artery...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875119/image-guided-interventions-we-ve-come-a-long-way-but-are-we-there
#9
Cristian A Linte, Ziv R Yaniv
While the term "image-guided surgery" has gained popularity fairly recently, the use of imaging for medical interventions dates as far back as the beginning of the 20th century. Dr. George H. Gray of Lynn, Massachusetts, reported in his 1908 article "X-rays in Surgical Work," published in volume 2 of the Journal of Therapeutics and Dietetics, that "the one great stride in the handling of difficult cases was the accurate diagnosis made possible by the use of the X-rays." His story points to the day when a seamstress presented to his office with a broken sewing needle embedded in her hand...
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833784/computed-tomography-angiography-with-a-192-slice-dual-source-computed-tomography-system-improvements-in-image-quality-and-radiation-dose
#10
Philip V M Linsen, Adriaan Coenen, Marisa M Lubbers, Marcel L Dijkshoorn, Mohamed Ouhlous, Koen Nieman
PURPOSE: This study aims to compare image quality, radiation dose, and the influence of the heart rate on image quality of high-pitch spiral coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) using 128-slice (second generation) dual-source CT (DSCT) and a 192-slice DSCT (third generation) scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two consecutive cohorts of fifty patients underwent CCTA by high-pitch spiral scan mode using 128 or 192-slice DSCT. The 192-slice DSCT system has a more powerful roentgen tube (2 × 120 kW) that allows CCTA acquisition at lower tube voltages, wider longitudinal coverage for faster table speed (732 m/s), and the use of iterative reconstruction...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777028/-1896-how-nascent-radiotherapy-gathered-roentgen-pasteur-and-the-lumi%C3%A3-re-brothers
#11
N Foray
On the 4th July, 1896, in his medical office of Les Échelles (Savoie, France), Victor Despeignes performed the very first radiotherapy against cancer, documented by indisputable proofs. However, the intellectual and practical approach that leads to this first radiotherapy may appear unexpected to date. Indeed, it is likely that the treatment that Despeignes applied to his neighbour, who did not suffer from stomach cancer, was born with the indirect support of the Lumière brothers, on the basis of a biological theory (the parasitory theory of cancer) that is irrelevant today, with an experimental protocol based on experiments performed on tuberculosis et in a bifractionated model linked by the constraints of a district medical doctor...
December 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766344/anterior-laxity-and-patient-reported-outcomes-7%C3%A2-years-after-acl-reconstruction-with-a-fresh-frozen-tibialis-allograft
#12
Emily Meike, S M Howell, M L Hull
PURPOSE: After reconstructing a torn ACL with a soft tissue allograft, the long-term healing process of graft maturation following the short-term healing process of graft incorporation into the bone tunnels might lead to recurring instability and concomitant decreases in the activity level, function, and patient satisfaction. Relying on roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA), the primary purpose was to determine whether anterior laxity increased and whether patient-reported outcomes declined between 1 and 7 years for a particular graft construct, surgical technique, and rehabilitation programme...
October 20, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760438/white-paper-radiological-curriculum-for-undergraduate-medical-education-in-germany
#13
(no author information available yet)
Purpose: Radiology represents a highly relevant part of undergraduate medical education from preclinical studies to subinternship training. It is therefore important to establish a content base for teaching radiology in German Medical Faculties. Materials and Methods: The German Society of Radiology (DRG) developed a model curriculum for radiological teaching at German medical universities, which is presented in this article. There is also a European model curriculum for undergraduate teaching (U-level curriculum of the European Society of Radiology)...
November 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757680/evaluation-of-a-new-approach-to-compute-intervertebral-disc-height-measurements-from-lateral-radiographic-views-of-the-spine
#14
Brett T Allaire, M Clara DePaolis Kaluza, Alexander G Bruno, Elizabeth J Samelson, Douglas P Kiel, Dennis E Anderson, Mary L Bouxsein
PURPOSE: Current standard methods to quantify disc height, namely distortion compensated Roentgen analysis (DCRA), have been mostly utilized in the lumbar and cervical spine and have strict exclusion criteria. Specifically, discs adjacent to a vertebral fracture are excluded from measurement, thus limiting the use of DCRA in studies that include older populations with a high prevalence of vertebral fractures. Thus, we developed and tested a modified DCRA algorithm that does not depend on vertebral shape...
January 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694586/comparison-of-femoral-component-migration-between-refobacin-bone-cement-r-and-palacos-r-g-in-cemented-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomised-controlled-roentgen-stereophotogrammetric-analysis-and-clinical-study
#15
P van der Voort, E R Valstar, B L Kaptein, M Fiocco, H J L van der Heide, R G H H Nelissen
AIMS: The widely used and well-proven Palacos R (a.k.a. Refobacin Palacos R) bone cement is no longer commercially available and was superseded by Refobacin bone cement R and Palacos R + G in 2005. However, the performance of these newly introduced bone cements have not been tested in a phased evidence-based manner, including roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this blinded, randomised, clinical RSA study, the migration of the Stanmore femoral component was compared between Refobacin bone cement R and Palacos R + G in 62 consecutive total hip arthroplasties...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626258/-artificial-circulation-in-high-risk-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#16
V V Bazylev, M E Evdokimov, M A Pantiukhina, Z A Morozov
In their everyday practical clinical work cardiovascular surgeons sometimes have to deal with patients at extremely high risk of both percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) and direct myocardial revascularization. A method of choice in such situations may become a PCI supported by artificial circulation (AC), for which foreign and Russian authors propose using systems of prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The present work was aimed at sharing our experience with using standard systems of AC and their modifications (mini-circuit systems) for performing high-risk PCIs...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614525/-the-dawn-of-radiotherapy-between-strokes-of-genius-dramas-and-controversies
#17
J-M Cosset
Radiotherapy is 120 years old. A few months only after the discoveries of Roentgen, Becquerel and Marie and Pierre Curie, a few scientists tried to use the newly discovered rays to treat patients. The question of the name of the first "radiation therapist" remains debated. Although often proposed, Emil Grubbé from Chicago seems to have been disqualified. Leopold Freund from Vienna treated a benign cutaneous lesion. Finally, Victor Despeignes from Lyon appears to be the most serious candidate, having treated in 1896 a gastric cancer, and obtaining a very significant tumour regression...
October 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605351/the-acute-bone-atrophy-and-its-roentgen-picture
#18
Chr I Baastrup
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602352/evaluation-of-rsa-set-up-from-a-clinical-biplane-fluoroscopy-system-for-3d-joint-kinematic-analysis
#19
Tommaso Bonanzinga, Cecilia Signorelli, Marco Bontempi, Alessandro Russo, Stefano Zaffagnini, Maurilio Marcacci, Laura Bragonzoni
PURPOSE: dinamic roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA), a technique currently based only on customized radiographic equipment, has been shown to be a very accurate method for detecting three-dimensional (3D) joint motion. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the applicability of an innovative RSA set-up for in vivo knee kinematic analysis, using a biplane fluoroscopic image system. To this end, the Authors describe the set-up as well as a possible protocol for clinical knee joint evaluation...
April 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585301/the-empirical-foundations-of-teleradiology-and-related-applications-a-review-of-the-evidence
#20
Rashid L Bashshur, Elizabeth A Krupinski, James H Thrall, Noura Bashshur
INTRODUCTION: Radiology was founded on a technological discovery by Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895. Teleradiology also had its roots in technology dating back to 1947 with the successful transmission of radiographic images through telephone lines. Diagnostic radiology has become the eye of medicine in terms of diagnosing and treating injury and disease. This article documents the empirical foundations of teleradiology. METHODS: A selective review of the credible literature during the past decade (2005-2015) was conducted, using robust research design and adequate sample size as criteria for inclusion...
November 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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