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young hip

Sang-Min Kim, Seung-Min Oh, Chang-Ho Cho, Seung-Jae Lim, Young-Wan Moon, Sang-Hee Choi, Youn-Soo Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report the clinical course of fatigue-type subchondral fractures of the femoral head in young healthy adults. MATERIALS/METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 consecutive patients (34 hips) who had a clear history of a sudden increase in physical activity without trauma on the hip and pelvis, and were diagnosed as having a fatigue-type subchondral fracture of the femoral head. The diagnosis was made primarily on the basis of sequential plain radiographs and magnetic resonance images...
October 18, 2016: Injury
Hiroaki Matsuno
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, the osteoporosis treatment has attracted attention, and several drugs have been developed. Among these, bisphosphonates (BPs), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and anti-receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) monoclonal (MAb) denosumab (DMAb) are the major osteoporosis agents. Several studies demonstrated that the effect of osteoporosis agents is evaluated by lumar or hip dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). However, private clinic commonly use the radial DXA...
October 20, 2016: Drugs in R&D
Ming Han Lincoln Liow, Young-Min Kwon
The potential advantages of contemporary MoM THA implants include less volumetric wear with subsequent reduction of polyethylene wear-induced osteolysis and greater component stability with use of large-diameter femoral heads. However, there have been concerns regarding significantly elevated revision rates in MoM THA due to MoM-related complications such as adverse local tissue reaction (pseudotumour) formation. The increased failure rate in MoM hip arthroplasty is associated with the generation of biologically active, nanometer sized metal particles from the MoM bearing surfaces and taper junctions, which result in the development of a localized, adverse periprosthetic soft tissue response...
October 20, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Carolina Souza Neves da Costa, Sandra L Saavedra, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Marjorie H Woollacott
BACKGROUND: External support has been viewed as an important biomechanical constraint for children with deficits in postural control. Nonlinear analysis of head stability is necessary to confirm benefits of interaction between external trunk support and level of trunk control. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of biomechanical constraints (trunk support) on neural control of head stability during development of trunk control. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental repeated measure study...
October 6, 2016: Physical Therapy
Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Munjed Al Muderis, Hans Gollwitzer, Norbert Harrasser, Martin Stukenberg, Maria-Angela Clifford, Andreas Toepfer
BACKGROUND: Cementless fixation of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) is often favored in young, high-demanding patients due to the conservation of valuable bone-stock and easier revision if loosening has occurred. Long-term outcome data of the spongy metal structured implant used in the present study in patients younger than 65 years are still lacking. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review and functional investigation (Merle d'Aubigné score, SF-12) of patients younger than 65 years at implantation treated with a spongy metal structured THA (n = 79) from one orthopedic university center from 1985 to 1989...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Eric D Ryan, Brennan J Thompson, Eric J Sobolewski
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the influence of workplace manual labor on measures of muscular fitness, with a secondary aim to investigate the relationship between muscular fitness and work performance in blue-collar (BC) workers. METHODS: Leg extension isokinetic strength at slow and fast velocities, hamstring and hip-flexor flexibility, and low back muscular endurance were examined in young and older BC workers and white-collar (WC) controls, while work performance was examined in the BC cohort...
October 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Hyun-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
OBJECTIVES: Central obesity plays a major role in the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and cancer. Chronic stress may be involved in the pathophysiology of central obesity. Although several large-scale genome-wide association studies have reported susceptibility genes for central adiposity, the effects of interactions between genes and psychosocial stress on central adiposity have rarely been examined. A recent study focusing on Caucasians discovered the novel gene early B-cell factor 1 (EBF1), which was associated with central obesity-related traits via interactions with stress levels...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
Dae Wook Lee, Chang Hun Lim, Jae Young Han, Woong Mo Kim
Chronic pelvic pain in women is a very annoying condition that is responsible for substantial suffering and medical expense. But dealing with this pain can be tough, because there are numerous possible causes for the pelvic pain such as urologic, gynecologic, gastrointestinal, neurologic, or musculoskeletal problems. Of these, musculoskeletal problem may be a primary cause of chronic pelvic pain in patients with a preceding trauma to the low back, pelvis, or lower extremities. Here, we report the case of a 54-year-old female patient with severe chronic pelvic pain after a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) accident that was successfully managed with image-guided trigger point injections on several pelvic stabilizing muscles...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
J Alexandra Mortimer, Anne Dzus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Sanjay Chougule, John Dabis, Aviva Petrie, Karen Daly, Yael Gelfer
BACKGROUND: Reimer's migration percentage (MP) is the most established radiographic risk factor for hip migration in cerebral palsy (CP), and it assists surgical decision-making. The head-shaft angle (HSA) measures the valgus of the head and neck in relation to the shaft and may also be a useful predictor of hip migration at a young age. This study first defined normal values and investigated whether the head-shaft angle (HSA) is a continuous risk factor for hip migration in CP. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty AP pelvic radiographs of 100 consecutive children comprising the hip surveillance programme in our region were analysed for MP and HSA...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Chongru He, Xiaokang He, Wenwen Tong, Wei Zheng, Tianfang Zhang, Jinzhu Zhao, Weidong Xu
Although total hip replacement (THR) has been proven to be effective, the effect of THR on employment in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in Chinese population is still unknown. We aimed to demonstrate whether or not patients with AS returned to work following THR and factors associated with the work ability after THR. We performed a retrospective study including a total number of 128 AS patients undergoing THR between 2009 and 2013. Presurgery and postsurgery data including disease state, work status, type of job, and time of resuming work were collected...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Jaemin Lee, Sun Hong Yoo, Won Sohn, Hyung Woo Kim, Yong Sun Choi, Jung Ho Won, Jin Young Heo, Sang Jong Park, Young Min Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to clarify the effect of obesity on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving antiviral treatment. METHODS: This study applied a retrospective analysis to a historical cohort in Bundang Jesaeng Hospital. In total, 102 CHB patients were treated with entecavir as an initial treatment for CHB and checked for obesity using a body composition analyzer. Hepatic steatosis was measured semiquantitatively using Hamaguchi's scoring system in ultrasonography...
September 2016: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
Hyemin Jeong, Yeong Hee Eun, In Young Kim, Hyungjin Kim, Joong Kyong Ahn, Jaejoon Lee, Eun-Mi Koh, Hoon-Suk Cha
Background/Aims: To evaluate drug survival of the tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFi) and risk factors for the drug discontinuation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 487 AS patients at a single tertiary hospital. Among the TNFi users, drug survival and risk factors of TNFi discontinuation were investigated. Results: Among 487 patients, 128 AS patients were treated with at least one TNFi...
October 12, 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Tarek M Hegazi, Jeffrey A Belair, Eoghan J McCarthy, Johannes B Roedl, William B Morrison
Injuries of the hip and surrounding structures represent a complex and commonly encountered scenario in athletes, with improper diagnosis serving as a cause of delayed return to play or progression to a more serious injury. As such, radiologists play an essential role in guiding management of athletic injuries. Familiarity with hip anatomy and the advantages and limitations of various imaging modalities is of paramount importance for accurate and timely diagnosis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is often the modality of choice for evaluating many of the injuries discussed, although preliminary evaluation with conventional radiography and use of other imaging modalities such as ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and bone scintigraphy may be supplementary or preferred in certain situations...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Jernej Čamernik, Zrinka Potocanac, Luka Peternel, Jan Babič
When balance is exposed to perturbations, hand contacts are often used to assist postural control. We investigated the immediate and the transitionary effects of supportive hand contacts during continuous anteroposterior perturbations of stance by automated waist-pulls. Ten young adults were perturbed for 5 min and required to maintain balance by holding to a stationary, shoulder-high handle and following its removal. Center of pressure (COP) displacement, hip, knee and ankle angles, leg and trunk muscle activity and handle contact forces were acquired...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Kemal Atasayan, Tevfik Yoldemir, Sedef Ramoglu, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the endothelial function and structure in patients with hirsutism in reproductive age. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted on 69 consecutive women admitted with complaints of hirsutism and 63 voluntary healthy women, as controls. A total of 132 subjects who applied to the Gynecology and Infertility Outpatient Clinics were included. Participants with modified Ferriman Gallway (mFG) score over 8 were considered to be hirsute. The demographic, metabolic, hormonal characteristics, risk factors of cardiovascular disease, CIMT (carotis intima media thickness) and FMD (flow-mediated dilatation) were compared between hirsute women and those in the control group...
October 3, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Emily I McIntosh, John L Zettel, Lori Ann Vallis
The objective of this work was to investigate the influence perturbation direction has on postural responses during overground gait, and whether these responses are age related. Differences in stepping patterns following perturbations of the support surface were examined in the frontal and sagittal planes during forward walking. Eleven young and 10 older adults completed Mini BESTest, hip strength tests, and 45 perturbed walking trials, triggered on heel contact. Lateral perturbations were more challenging to postural stability for both groups...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Young Kyun Lee, Guen Young Lee, Joon Woo Lee, Eugene Lee, Heung Sik Kang
We evaluated and compared the effectiveness of intra-articular injection of hip joint using hyaluronic acid and steroid in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Thirty patients with FAI clinically and radiologically were enrolled and underwent hip injection using steroid (TA) or hyaluronic acid (HA) at 0-weeks with cross-over injection at 2-weeks in patients without clinical response of decrease of pain intensity less than 2-point. Patients were followed up to 12-weeks for pain intensity (Numeric rating scale, NRS: 0-10), hip disability score (HOOS), oral medication and adverse events...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Dong Gyu Jang, Ji Young Kwon, Sae Kyung Choi, Hyun Sun Ko, Jong Chul Shin, In Yang Park
Although pregnancy is a medical condition that contributes to bone loss, little information is available regarding bone mineral density (BMD) in puerperal women. This cross sectional study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of low BMD in puerperal women and to identify associated risk factors. We surveyed all puerperal women who had BMD measurements taken 4-6 weeks after delivery in a tertiary university hospital, and did not have any bone loss-related comorbidities. Among the 1,561 Korean puerperal women, 566 (36...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Nadra E Lisha, Jeffrey W Jordan, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: In California, young adult tobacco prevention is of prime importance; 63% of smokers start by the age of 18 years, and 97% start by the age of 26 years. We examined social affiliation with 'peer crowd' (eg, Hipsters) as an innovative way to identify high-risk tobacco users. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 2014 (N=3368) among young adult bar patrons in 3 California cities. We examined use rates of five products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, hookah, cigars and smokeless tobacco) by five race/ethnicity categories...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
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