Read by QxMD icon Read

Cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer

Junichiro Kawamura, Masaki Tani, Kimiaki Sumida, Takefumi Yazawa, Junya Kawasoe, Michihiro Yamamoto, Hideki Harada, Hidekazu Yamamoto, Masazumi Zaima
PURPOSE: Cancerous involvement of a ureter is sometimes encountered in pelvic surgery for malignancy. We usually perform transureteroureterostomy (TUU) in cases of unilateral lower ureteral cancerous involvement. We report the outcomes in patients treated with TUU in our institute. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 11 patients who underwent TUU between June 2006 and September 2015. RESULTS: The primary disease was colon cancer in five patients, rectal cancer in four, and uterine cervical cancer and ovarian cancer in one patient each...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Maryam Sadat Hosseini, Tahereh Ashrafganjoei, Ainaz Sourati, Morteza Tabatabeifar, Mahdiss Mohamadianamiri
INTRODUCTION: Rhabdomyosarcoma has known as a highly malignant soft tissue sarcoma. It has been the most common soft tissue sarcoma in childhood, accounting for about 3 to 4 % of all cases of childhood cancer. Rhabdomyosarcoma was rare in adults, accounting for 3% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of female genital tract including uterine cervix in an adult was rare. CASE PRESENTATION: This study has reported a 33-year-old woman presented with abnormal vaginal discharge...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Grace Mishkin, Lori M Minasian, Elise C Kohn, Anne-Michelle Noone, Sarah M Temkin
OBJECTIVES: Enrollment of a representative population to cancer clinical trials ensures scientific reliability and generalizability of results. This study evaluated the similarity of patients enrolled in NCI-supported group gynecologic cancer trials to the incident US population. METHODS: Accrual to NCI-sponsored ovarian, uterine, and cervical cancer treatment trials between 2003 and 2012 were examined. Race, ethnicity, age, and insurance status were compared to the analogous US patient population estimated using adjusted SEER incidence data...
September 30, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Jorge Daniel Oldan, Parth S Patel
IMPORTANCE: Positron emission tomography/Computed tomography(PET/CT) is widely used for gynecologic cancers. OBJECTIVE: To determine when PET/CT should be used for gynecologic cancers. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was reviewed for articles on PET/CT of all gynecologic cancers. National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Society of Gynecologic Oncology, and American College of Radiology guidelines were reviewed. RESULTS: Whole-body PET/CT is useful for (1) initial staging of cervical and endometrial cancer, posttherapy assessment, radiation therapy planning, and posttreatment surveillance of cervical cancer, and (2) assessment of recurrence of cervical, endometrial, or ovarian cancer in the presence of symptoms...
September 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Carlos Gual-Castro
Pregnancy interruption or abortion may be spontaneous or induced for medical, legal, demographic, and personal reasons. Different events that are present during the woman´s gravid period were described, paying attention to the differences in between fertilization and conception. These issues are very important because people or institutions mix these concepts and posit that pregnancy or conception starts at fertilization in opposition to the actual medical and scientific knowledge. In Mexico there are several millions of spontaneous and induced abortions without medical care, responsible for the high maternal-infant mortality rates...
July 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Yue Xu, Cunye Yan, Zongyao Hao, Jun Zhou, Song Fan, Sheng Tai, Cheng Yang, Li Zhang, Chaozhao Liang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The gene betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) has drawn much attention during the past decades. An increasing number of clinical and genetic investigations have supposed that BHMT rs3733890 polymorphism might be associated with risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer. As no consistent conclusion has been achieved, we conducted an up-to-date summary of BHMT rs3733890 polymorphism and cancer risk through a meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The articles were collected from PubMed, Google Scholar, and CNKI (Chinese) databases up to December 2015...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Xiao-Bing Jiao, Jun Hu, Li-Rong Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of ovarian metastasis (OM) in adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in early-stage cervical cancer and evaluate the safety of ovarian preservation in early-stage ADC. METHODS: To perform a meta-analysis to compare the incidence of OM between early-stage ADC and SCC, we searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane for observational studies that compared it with pathological evidence after radical hysterectomy and oophorectomy...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Haider Mahdi, Qataralnada Aljebori, David Lockart, Laura Moulton
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after laparoscopic surgery for gynecologic cancer DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the ACS-NSQIP database DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Retrospective analysis of a national surgical database SETTING: Academic and community health care institutions across the United States PATIENTS: Women who underwent at least one major laparoscopic surgery for uterine, ovarian and cervical cancers INTERVENTION: Data was collected on surgical procedure, patient demographic variables type of malignancy and VTE and mortality outcomes within 30 days of surgery MEASUREMENTS: VTE was defined as deep venous thrombosis requiring therapy (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) confirmed by imaging or autopsy within 30 days of surgery...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Y Sun, H Meng, Y Jin, X Shi, Y Wu, D Fan, X Wang, X Jia, H Dai
BACKGROUND: The study was performed to characterize and compare the serum lipid profile in gynecologic cancers and benign diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,550 age-matched females were included in this study: 760 patients with gynecologic cancers and 790 patients with benign diseases. Serum levels of triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), total cholesterol (TC), and lipoprotein (a) were measured...
2016: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Zeynep Ceren Cerci, Derya Kilic Sakarya, Mehmet Hakan Yetimalar, Incim Bezircioglu, Burcu Kasap, Emre Baser, Kamil Yucel
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to determine the predictive value of Computed Tomography (CT), alone or in combination with serum CA-125 levels, for preoperative staging, detection of the extent of the disease, and surgical complications in patients with ovarian carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fourteen patients diagnosed with ovarian carcinoma following an exploratory laparotomy with a preoperative CT scan, performed between January 2007 and June 2013, were enrolled in the study...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Arnulfo Martínez-Chapa, Nelly Alonso-Reyes, Miguel Luna-Macías
BACKGROUND: Historically, cervical cancer in early stages has been treated with radical hysterectomy and radiotherapy with no option in keeping the uterine-ovarian function. Since two decades ago, evidence shows these cases are candidates for radical trachelectomy, a procedure capable of preserving the fertility without affecting the oncological outcome. OBJECTIVE: To analyze reproductive results among patients treated with radical trachelectomy, in a reference center from the northeast of Mexico...
December 2015: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Zhezhou Huang, Ying Zheng, Wanqing Wen, Chunxiao Wu, Pingping Bao, Chunfang Wang, Weijian Zhong, Yu-Tang Gao, Fan Jin, Yong-Bing Xiang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel
AIM: Appraisal of cancer trends is essential for future cancer control, but relevant studies in China are scarce due to a lack of long-term data. With 40-years of cancer registry data, we sought to evaluate secular time trends in incidence and mortality of gynaecological cancers in an urban Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on incidence and mortality of invasive cervical, uterine and ovarian cancer were collected by the Shanghai Cancer Registry. Age-standardised incidence and mortality rates were calculated for women aged 20-84 in urban Shanghai between 1973 and 2012...
August 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Lori A Cory, Nawar Latif, Xiaochen Zhang, Robert Giuntoli, Mark Morgan, Emily Ko
INTRODUCTION: To compare 30 day postoperative readmission rates and risk factors for readmission between women following benign and malignant gynecologic surgery. METHODS: We identified patients following benign and malignant gynecologic surgery in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2006-2012. Data collected included surgical procedure, operative time, 30-day readmission, co-morbidities, pre-operative condition and serious postoperative morbidity...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
L Orgiano, F Pani, G Astara, C Madeddu, S Marini, A Manca, Giovanni Mantovani
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the results of a single-center experience in the management of "closed abdomen" hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) using a sophisticated technical device (EXIPER®) in the palliative setting of neoplastic ascites from peritoneal carcinomatosis in patients with advanced cancer of different primary sites. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was an open, prospective, single-center, non-randomized study conducted at the Department of Medical Oncology 1, University of Cagliari, Italy, from May 2006 to October 2012...
October 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
S M Crafton, K Bixel, J L Hays
The poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) family of enzymes is important in several DNA repair pathways. Drugs that inhibit these enzymes have been investigated in many types of cancer, but their application in the treatment of gynecologic malignancies has rapidly evolved - as manifested by the 2014 FDA approval for olaparib in the treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer associated with a germline BRCA mutation (gBRCA). In efforts to broaden their efficacy, current clinical trials have demonstrated benefit of olaparib, and other PARP inhibitors (PARPi), as single agents and in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy and biologic agents, in wide ranging populations...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Kemi M Doll, Emma L Barber, Jeannette T Bensen, Matthew C Revilla, Anna C Snavely, Antonia V Bennett, Bryce B Reeve, Paola A Gehrig
BACKGROUND: There are currently no assessments of the impact of surgical complications on health-related quality of life in gynecology and gynecologic oncology. This is despite complications being a central focus of surgical outcome measurement, and an increasing awareness of the need for patient-reported data when measuring surgical quality. OBJECTIVE: We sought to measure the impact of surgical complications on health-related quality of life at 1 month postoperatively, in women undergoing gynecologic and gynecologic oncology procedures...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Emma L Barber, Daniel L Clarke-Pearson
BACKGROUND: Use of risk assessment tools, such as the Caprini score or Rogers score, is recommended by national societies to stratify surgical patients by venous thromboembolism risk and guide prophylaxis. However, these tools were not developed in a gynecological oncology patient population, and their utility in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the ability of both the Caprini and Rogers scores to stratify gynecological oncology patients by the risk of venous thromboembolism...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
K Takahashi, H Yoshida, R Watanabe, M Ishikawa, S I Ikeda, T Kato
Secondary metastatic tumours of the uterine cervix are rare. There have been no reports of duodenal cancer metastasizing to the uterine cervix. Here we present a rare case of an extra-ampullary duodenal adenocarcinoma that has metastasized to the uterine cervix. The patient was a 71-year-old woman who had surgery for an extra-ampullary duodenal adenocarcinoma five years previously. Follow-up examination revealed a suspicious right ovarian mass and nodules in the cervix and posterior fornix of the vagina. Biopsies suggested squamous cell carcinoma in the cervix and adenocarcinoma in the fornix...
April 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
Elena Manea, Anca Munteanu
Bilateral breast cancer incidence is appreciated to be between 0.3 to 12% and is determined either by a hereditary load associated with chromosomal instability under the effect of environmental factors, or by the evolution in a particular hormonal context which gives biological aggressiveness. We present the case of a patient, aged 38 years, clinically, imagistic and bioptic diagnosed with left axillary lymph node metastases of breast carcinoma NST invasive G3, IHC-RE = 60%, RP = 30%, HER2neu = 2 +, Ki67 = 20%, in August 2013...
January 2016: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
R T Penson, E Sales, L Sullivan, D R Borger, C N Krasner, A K Goodman, M G del Carmen, W B Growdon, J O Schorge, D M Boruta, C M Castro, D S Dizon, M J Birrer
BACKGROUND: Genetic abnormalities underlie the development and progression of cancer, and represent potential opportunities for personalized cancer therapy in Gyn malignancies. METHODS: We identified Gyn oncology patients at the MGH Cancer Center with tumors genotyped for a panel of mutations by SNaPshot, a CLIA approved assay, validated in lung cancer, that uses SNP genotyping in degraded DNA from FFPE tissue to identify 160 described mutations across 15 cancer genes (AKT1, APC, BRAF, CTNNB1, EGFR, ERBB2, IDH1, KIT, KRAS, MAP2KI, NOTCH1, NRAS, PIK3CA, PTEN, TP53)...
April 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"