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Cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088330/genomic-insights-in-gynecologic-cancer
#1
Erika Roddy, Jocelyn Chapman
Recent technological advances in DNA sequencing have enabled a remarkably detailed understanding of the molecular changes that define gynecologic and other cancers. Several groups have carried out large-scale genomic analyses of ovarian, uterine, and most recently, cervical cancer. These analyses have led to new insights into the molecular changes characterizing these cancers, which provide insight into clinical outcomes. These molecular characterizations have similarly led to new genomic-based classification schemas, which may better stratify clinical outcomes, help prognosticate and guide treatments...
November 11, 2016: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001084/resveratrol-as-an-anticancer-agent-a-review
#2
Abdur Rauf, Muhammad Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Nadeem, Dennis G Peters, Mohammad S Mubarak
Owing to their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activity, grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are the archetypal paradigms of fruits used not only for nutritional purposes but also for exclusive therapeutics. Grapes are a prominent and promising source of phytochemicals, especially resveratrol, a phytoalexin antioxidant found in red grapes which has both chemopreventive and therapeutic effects against various ailments. Resveratrol's role in reducing different human cancers, including breast, cervical, uterine, blood, kidney, liver, eye, bladder, thyroid, esophageal, prostate, brain, lung, skin, gastric, colon, head and neck, bone, ovarian, and cervical, has been reviewed...
December 21, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999546/protocatechuic-aldehyde-attenuates-cisplatin-induced-acute-kidney-injury-by-suppressing-nox-mediated-oxidative-stress-and-renal-inflammation
#3
Li Gao, Wei-Feng Wu, Lei Dong, Gui-Ling Ren, Hai-Di Li, Qin Yang, Xiao-Feng Li, Tao Xu, Zeng Li, Bao-Ming Wu, Tao-Tao Ma, Cheng Huang, Yan Huang, Lei Zhang, Xiongwen Lv, Jun Li, Xiao-Ming Meng
Cisplatin is a classic chemotherapeutic agent widely used to treat different types of cancers including ovarian, head and neck, testicular and uterine cervical carcinomas. However, cisplatin induces acute kidney injury by directly triggering an excessive inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and programmed cell death of renal tubular epithelial cells, all of which lead to high mortality rates in patients. In this study, we examined the protective effect of protocatechuic aldehyde (PA) in vitro in cisplatin-treated tubular epithelial cells and in vivo in cisplatin nephropathy...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998856/-expression-of-atpase-inhibitory-factor-1-in-normal-and-pathological-tissues-of-female-reproductive-system
#4
Jun Zhao, Xiao Liu, Ya-Li Li
OBJECTIVE: To determine ATPase inhibitory factor 1 (IF1) expression in normal and pathological tissue of female reproductive system to better understand the physiological role of IF1 in malignancies of the female reproductive system. METHODS: Surgical specimens of normal tissues and primary malignant tumors were obtained during the past 2 years, including 38 normal endometrium tissues, 33 endometriosis tissues, 30 endometrial adenocarcinoma tissues, 24 uterine myoideum tissues, 30 uterine fibroid tissues, 18 normal cervical tissues, 30 cervical squamous carcinoma tissues, 11 fallopian tube tissues, 19 fallopian tube adenocarcinoma tissues, 15 ovarian tissues, 21 ovarian endometrial adenocarinoma tissues, 30 decidua tissues, and 30 villus tissues...
December 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986539/antihistamines-as-promising-drugs-in-cancer-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Ana I Faustino-Rocha, Rita Ferreira, Adelina Gama, Paula A Oliveira, Mário Ginja
Histamine is a biogenic amine, synthetized and released by mast cells, which acts as a vasodilator in several pathologic processes, namely in allergies and conjunctivitis. Its role on cancer is not fully understood. High levels of histamine have been associated with a bivalent behavior in regulation of several tumors (i.e. cervical, ovarian, vaginal, uterine, vulvar, colorectal cancer, and melanoma), promoting or inhibiting their growth. Histamine receptors (H1, H2, H3 and H4) are present in a vast group of cells, including tumor cells, making them sensitive to histamine variations...
December 13, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931828/targeting-mtor-pathway-in-gynecological-malignancies-biological-rationale-and-systematic-review-of-published-data
#6
REVIEW
Loay Kassem, Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: mTOR inhibitors are widely used in different malignancies with several trials testing their efficacy and safety in gynecological malignancies. We aimed to review the current evidence that support the expansion of using such drugs in the treatment of advanced gynecological cancers. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic review of literature has been conducted to include prospective trials that used everolimus, temsirolimus or ridaforolimus in the management of gynecological cancers and have available efficacy and toxicity results...
December 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921006/survival-and-control-prognosticators-of-recurrent-gynecological-malignancies-of-the-pelvis-and-para-aortic-region-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#7
Shaakir Hasan, Anthony Ricco, Kaylette Jenkins, Rachelle Lanciano, Alexandra Hanlon, John Lamond, Jun Yang, Jing Feng, Michael Good, Joel Noumoff, Luther Brady
PURPOSE: To define prognostic factors associated with improved survival and local control (LC) for gynecologic cancer recurrences limited to the pelvis and para-aortic (PA) region using stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). METHODS: Between 2/2008 and 7/2014, 30 women (35 targets) with pelvic or PA recurrence of endometrioid (n = 12), cervical (n = 11), ovarian (n = 3), uterine-serous (n = 2), or carcinosarcoma (n = 2) cancer were treated with SBRT...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899985/possible-role-of-thymidine-phosphorylase-in-gynecological-tumors-as-an-individualized-treatment-strategy
#8
Masako Shida, Masanori Yasuda, Mariko Fujita, Masaki Miyazawa, Hiroshi Kajiwara, Takeshi Hirasawa, Masae Ikeda, Naruaki Matsui, Toshinari Muramatsu, Mikio Mikami
Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) is structurally similar to platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor, and it activates 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) prodrugs and also promotes angiogenesis. In the present study, the possibility of using TP expression as a biomarker for 5-FU prodrugs, and the significance of TP as an angiogenic factor, were investigated in patients with gynecological tumors. The subjects enrolled in the study were 188 patients with gynecological tumors who provided informed consent and underwent tumor resection at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Tokai University Hospital between February 2002 and January 2010...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884207/potential-contribution-of-the-uterine-microbiome-in-the-development-of-endometrial-cancer
#9
Marina R S Walther-António, Jun Chen, Francesco Multinu, Alexis Hokenstad, Tammy J Distad, E Heidi Cheek, Gary L Keeney, Douglas J Creedon, Heidi Nelson, Andrea Mariani, Nicholas Chia
BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer studies have led to a number of well-defined but mechanistically unconnected genetic and environmental risk factors. One of the emerging modulators between environmental triggers and genetic expression is the microbiome. We set out to inquire about the composition of the uterine microbiome and its putative role in endometrial cancer. METHODS: We undertook a study of the microbiome in samples taken from different locations along the female reproductive tract in patients with endometrial cancer (n = 17), patients with endometrial hyperplasia (endometrial cancer precursor, n = 4), and patients afflicted with benign uterine conditions (n = 10)...
November 25, 2016: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874279/cucurmin-anticancer-and-antitumor-perspectives-a-comprehensive-review
#10
Muhammad Imran, Farhan Saeed, Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Umair Arshad, Azmat Ullah, Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria
Cucurmin, a naturally yellow component isolated from turmeric, ability to prevent various life-style related disorders. The current review article mainly emphasizes on different anticancer perspectives of cucurmin i.e. colon, cervical, uterine, ovarian, prostate head and neck, breast, pulmonary, stomach and gastric, pancreatic, bladder oral, oesophageal and bone cancer. It holds a mixture of strong bioactive molecule known as cucurminoids that has ability to reduce cancer/tumor at initial, promotion and progression stages of tumor development...
November 22, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870704/clinical-outcomes-for-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-in-oligometastatic-and-oligoprogressive-gynecological-malignancies
#11
Shane Mesko, Kiri Sandler, Joshua Cohen, Gottfried Konecny, Michael Steinberg, Mitchell Kamrava
OBJECTIVES: We report single-institution clinical outcomes of women treated with stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for oligometastatic or progressive gynecological malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2009 to 2015, 47 lesions from 28 patients were treated with SABR and retrospectively analyzed. All patients had oligometastatic (93%) or oligoprogressive (7%) disease. Primary cancer diagnoses were 15 ovarian, 8 endometrial, 2 cervical, 2 vaginal, and 1 uterine carcinosarcoma...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862853/lesbian-and-bisexual-women-s-gynaecological-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
K Robinson, K Y Galloway, S Bewley, C Meads
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the gynaecological health of lesbian and bisexual (LB) women. OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in incidence and/or prevalence of gynaecological conditions in LB compared with heterosexual women. SEARCH STRATEGY: The systematic review protocol was prospectively registered (PROSPERO-CRD42015027091) and searches conducted in seven databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Comparative studies published 2000-2015, reporting any benign (non-infectious) and/or malignant gynaecological conditions with no language or setting restrictions...
November 15, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775261/the-epidemiologic-status-of-gynecologic-cancer-in-thailand
#13
Sarikapan Wilailak, Nuttapong Lertchaipattanakul
Between the years of 2010-2012, it was estimated there were a total of 112,392 new cases of cancers in Thailand, thus, the total age-standardized rate (ASR) per 100,000 is 137.6. In regards to the most prevalent types of cancer in female, breast cancer has the highest ASR, followed by cervical cancer (ASR=14.4); liver and bile duct cancer; colon and rectum cancer; trachea, bronchus and lung cancer; ovarian cancer (ASR=6.0); thyroid cancer; non-Hodgkin lymphoma and uterine cancer (ASR=4.3). The trend of cervical cancer in Thailand is decreasing, one key factor in making this possible was the employment of dual tract strategy (Pap smear and visual inspection with acetic acid [VIA]) by the government in 2005...
November 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771166/survival-of-women-with-mullerian-adenosarcoma-a-national-cancer-data-base-study
#14
Brandon-Luke L Seagle, Margaux Kanis, Anna E Strohl, Shohreh Shahabi
OBJECTIVE: To determine overall survival (OS) and factors associated with OS of women with Mullerian adenosarcoma. METHODS: Women with adenosarcoma of the uterus, cervix or ovary (n=2205) were identified from the 1998-2011 National Cancer Data Base. Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox proportional-hazards survival analyses were performed to test for associations of potential explanatory variables with OS. A subset analysis of women with uterine adenosarcoma was also performed...
December 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714520/the-use-of-transureteroureterostomy-during-ureteral-reconstruction-for-advanced-primary-or-recurrent-pelvic-malignancy-in-the-era-of-multimodal-therapy
#15
Junichiro Kawamura, Masaki Tani, Kimiaki Sumida, Takefumi Yazawa, Junya Kawasoe, Michihiro Yamamoto, Hideki Harada, Hidekazu Yamamoto, Masazumi Zaima
PURPOSE: Cancerous involvement of a ureter is sometimes encountered in pelvic surgery for malignancy. We usually perform transureteroureterostomy (TUU) in cases of unilateral lower ureteral cancerous involvement. We report the outcomes in patients treated with TUU in our institute. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 11 patients who underwent TUU between June 2006 and September 2015. RESULTS: The primary disease was colon cancer in five patients, rectal cancer in four, and uterine cervical cancer and ovarian cancer in one patient each...
January 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703644/rhabdomyosarcoma-of-cervix-a-case-report
#16
Maryam Sadat Hosseini, Tahereh Ashrafganjoei, Ainaz Sourati, Morteza Tabatabeifar, Mahdiss Mohamadianamiri
INTRODUCTION: Rhabdomyosarcoma has known as a highly malignant soft tissue sarcoma. It has been the most common soft tissue sarcoma in childhood, accounting for about 3 to 4 % of all cases of childhood cancer. Rhabdomyosarcoma was rare in adults, accounting for 3% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of female genital tract including uterine cervix in an adult was rare. CASE PRESENTATION: This study has reported a 33-year-old woman presented with abnormal vaginal discharge...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697287/the-generalizability-of-nci-sponsored-clinical-trials-accrual-among-women-with-gynecologic-malignancies
#17
Grace Mishkin, Lori M Minasian, Elise C Kohn, Anne-Michelle Noone, Sarah M Temkin
OBJECTIVES: Enrollment of a representative population to cancer clinical trials ensures scientific reliability and generalizability of results. This study evaluated the similarity of patients enrolled in NCI-supported group gynecologic cancer trials to the incident US population. METHODS: Accrual to NCI-sponsored ovarian, uterine, and cervical cancer treatment trials between 2003 and 2012 were examined. Race, ethnicity, age, and insurance status were compared to the analogous US patient population estimated using adjusted SEER incidence data...
December 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640609/positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-gynecologic-malignancies
#18
Jorge Daniel Oldan, Parth S Patel
IMPORTANCE: Positron emission tomography/Computed tomography(PET/CT) is widely used for gynecologic cancers. OBJECTIVE: To determine when PET/CT should be used for gynecologic cancers. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was reviewed for articles on PET/CT of all gynecologic cancers. National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Society of Gynecologic Oncology, and American College of Radiology guidelines were reviewed. RESULTS: Whole-body PET/CT is useful for (1) initial staging of cervical and endometrial cancer, posttherapy assessment, radiation therapy planning, and posttreatment surveillance of cervical cancer, and (2) assessment of recurrence of cervical, endometrial, or ovarian cancer in the presence of symptoms...
September 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595258/-ethical-dilemmas-in-medicine-the-interruption-of-pregnancy-in-woman
#19
Carlos Gual-Castro
Pregnancy interruption or abortion may be spontaneous or induced for medical, legal, demographic, and personal reasons. Different events that are present during the woman´s gravid period were described, paying attention to the differences in between fertilization and conception. These issues are very important because people or institutions mix these concepts and posit that pregnancy or conception starts at fertilization in opposition to the actual medical and scientific knowledge. In Mexico there are several millions of spontaneous and induced abortions without medical care, responsible for the high maternal-infant mortality rates...
July 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578989/association-between-bhmt-gene-rs3733890-polymorphism-and-cancer-risk-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis
#20
Yue Xu, Cunye Yan, Zongyao Hao, Jun Zhou, Song Fan, Sheng Tai, Cheng Yang, Li Zhang, Chaozhao Liang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The gene betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) has drawn much attention during the past decades. An increasing number of clinical and genetic investigations have supposed that BHMT rs3733890 polymorphism might be associated with risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer. As no consistent conclusion has been achieved, we conducted an up-to-date summary of BHMT rs3733890 polymorphism and cancer risk through a meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The articles were collected from PubMed, Google Scholar, and CNKI (Chinese) databases up to December 2015...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
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