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Siraj Wali, Samah Alsafadi, Bahaa Abaalkhail, Iman Ramadan, Badr Abulhamail, Moaiyyad Kousa, Reem Alshamrani, Hanan Faruqui, Abdulaziz Faruqui, Mohamed Alama, Mohamed Hamed
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The pathophysiology of restless legs syndrome (RLS) may be related to abnormalities in central dopamine pathways. Vitamin D may play a role in the pathophysiology of RLS by modulating the dopaminergic system. The aim of our study is to examine the possible link between RLS and vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: The total number of subjects enrolled was 201, including 78 patients with RLS based on the International RLS Study Group (IRLSSG) diagnostic criteria and 123 controls...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Saman Faruqui, Mubassar Fida, Attiya Shaikh
BACKGROUND: One of the first concerns of new orthodontic patients, apart from the outcome, is the duration of treatment. A better understanding of orthodontic treatment duration as well as factors affecting the treatment duration is useful for efficient patient counselling and improved clinical practice. Hence, the objectives of this study are to compare the treatment durations of subjects with Class I and Class II division 1 (II/1) malocclusions, and to identify the factors affecting the treatment duration of these malocclusions...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Amr F Barakat, Mohammad Q Raza, Kinjal Banerjee, Rayji S Tsutsui, Amgad Mentias, Karim Abdur Rehman, Badal Thakkar, Sajjad Gul, Raquib Faruqui, Amar Krishnaswamy, Leonardo L Rodriguez, Richard Grimm, Brian Griffin, Emin Murat Tuzcu, Samir R Kapadia
AIMS: Patients with severe secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) and normal ejection fraction are being excluded from clinical trials evaluating transcatheter mitral devices. We sought to evaluate the long-term mortality with medical management alone in this patient population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively evaluated patients diagnosed with ≥3+ MR at our institution over 15 years. Only patients with an ejection fraction ≥60% were included in the study...
March 20, 2018: EuroIntervention
Emiliana De Santis, Hasan Alkassem, Baptiste Lamarre, Nilofar Faruqui, Angelo Bella, James E Noble, Nicola Micale, Santanu Ray, Jonathan R Burns, Alexander R Yon, Bart W Hoogenboom, Maxim G Ryadnov
The spread of bacterial resistance to antibiotics poses the need for antimicrobial discovery. With traditional search paradigms being exhausted, approaches that are altogether different from antibiotics may offer promising and creative solutions. Here, we introduce a de novo peptide topology that-by emulating the virus architecture-assembles into discrete antimicrobial capsids. Using the combination of high-resolution and real-time imaging, we demonstrate that these artificial capsids assemble as 20-nm hollow shells that attack bacterial membranes and upon landing on phospholipid bilayers instantaneously (seconds) convert into rapidly expanding pores causing membrane lysis (minutes)...
December 22, 2017: Nature Communications
Austin Nabet, Safi Faruqui, Christopher J Hogan
CASE: We present a case of rice-body formation and partial flexor tendon rupture in a 3-year-old child with seronegative juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), which presented as a painless soft-tissue mass of the volar aspect of the hand. The diagnosis was not confirmed until histologic examination. The patient was managed with a tenosynovectomy and oral medication; he made a full recovery. CONCLUSION: JIA is one of the most common rheumatologic conditions of childhood...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
Arif A Faruqui
Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of fixed dose combination of amitriptyline and pantoprazole in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) associated with anxiety. Methods: A non-randomized, open-labeled, non-comparative, multi-center study was conducted in a total of 99 patients (77 men and 22 women, mean age 44.16 ± 11.53 years). Each patient was administered a fixed dose combination of amitriptyline 10 mg and pantoprazole 40 mg once a day, for 4 weeks...
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
Rohina Joshi, Neha Faruqui, Shilpa R Nagarajan, Rasika Rampatige, Alex Martiniuk, Hebe Gouda
Introduction: Verbal autopsy (VA) is a method that determines the cause of death by interviewing a relative of the deceased about the events occurring before the death, in regions where medical certification of cause of death is incomplete. This paper aims to review the ethical standards reported in peer-reviewed VA studies. Methods: A systematic review of Medline and Ovid was conducted by two independent researchers. Data were extracted and analysed for articles based on three key areas: Institutional Review Board (IRB) clearance and consenting process; data collection and management procedures, including: time between death and interview; training and education of interviewer, confidentiality of data and data security; and declarations of funding and conflict of interest...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Firoz Ahmed Mamin, Muhammad Shahidul Islam, Farjana Sharmin Rumana, Farhana Faruqui
OBJECTIVE: Stroke is the leading cause of death and disability in Bangladesh. Rehabilitation services have not yet been integrated into the Bangladesh health system. Only a few non-governmental organisations provide rehabilitation for stroke patients. The demographic profile of these patients has not yet been established. The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the socio-demographic data, risk factors, place of primary management and cost of stroke for those who attended rehabilitation at the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), Bangladesh...
October 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Bridget Maher, Adnan Faruqui, Mary Horgan, Colm Bergin, Colm O Tuathaigh, Deirdre Bennett
Doctors rate clinical relevance and applicability as the most important determinants of continuing professional development (CPD) course selection. This study examined patterns of current CPD practice and perceived CPD needs among hospital doctors in Ireland across various clinical specialties. A cross-sectional survey was administered to doctors, focusing on the areas of training needs analysis, CPD course content and preferred course format. In total, 547 doctors identified doctor-patient communication as the skill ranked highest for importance and level of current performance...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
B Maher, R O'Neill, A Faruqui, C Bergin, M Horgan, D Bennett, C M P O'Tuathaigh
BACKGROUND: Doctors' continuing professional development (CPD) training needs are known to be strongly influenced by national and local contextual characteristics. Given the changing national demographic profile and government-mandated changes to primary care health care provision, this study aimed to investigate Irish General Practitioners' (GPs) perceptions of, and preferences for, current and future CPD programmes. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire, using closed- and open-ended questions, was administered to Irish GPs, focusing on training needs analysis; CPD course content; preferred format and the learning environment...
January 2018: Education for Primary Care
Penny Farrell, Anne Marie Thow, Seye Abimbola, Neha Faruqui, Joel Negin
While food insecurity is a well-known cause of under-nutrition and stunting, in recent decades it has also been linked with obesity. Understanding and thus minimising the risk factors for obesity in low- and middle-income country contexts, which often lack the health system capacity to treat the consequent obesity-related illnesses, is crucial. This study adopted realist review methodology because it enabled us to analyse and organise the evidence from low- and middle-income countries into a coherent scheme...
May 24, 2017: Health Promotion International
Alice Pyne, Marc-Philipp Pfeil, Isabel Bennett, Jascindra Ravi, Patrizia Iavicoli, Baptiste Lamarre, Anita Roethke, Santanu Ray, Haibo Jiang, Angelo Bella, Bernd Reisinger, Daniel Yin, Benjamin Little, Juan C Muñoz-García, Eleonora Cerasoli, Peter J Judge, Nilofar Faruqui, Luigi Calzolai, Andre Henrion, Glenn J Martyna, Chris R M Grovenor, Jason Crain, Bart W Hoogenboom, Anthony Watts, Maxim G Ryadnov
The spread of bacterial resistance to traditional antibiotics continues to stimulate the search for alternative antimicrobial strategies. All forms of life, from bacteria to humans, are postulated to rely on a fundamental host defense mechanism, which exploits the formation of open pores in microbial phospholipid bilayers. Here we predict that transmembrane poration is not necessary for antimicrobial activity and reveal a distinct poration mechanism that targets the outer leaflet of phospholipid bilayers. Using a combination of molecular-scale and real-time imaging, spectroscopy and spectrometry approaches, we introduce a structural motif with a universal insertion mode in reconstituted membranes and live bacteria...
February 1, 2017: Chemical Science
P J Devereaux, Bruce M Biccard, Alben Sigamani, Denis Xavier, Matthew T V Chan, Sadeesh K Srinathan, Michael Walsh, Valsa Abraham, Rupert Pearse, C Y Wang, Daniel I Sessler, Andrea Kurz, Wojciech Szczeklik, Otavio Berwanger, Juan Carlos Villar, German Malaga, Amit X Garg, Clara K Chow, Gareth Ackland, Ameen Patel, Flavia Kessler Borges, Emilie P Belley-Cote, Emmanuelle Duceppe, Jessica Spence, Vikas Tandon, Colin Williams, Robert J Sapsford, Carisi A Polanczyk, Maria Tiboni, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Atiya Faruqui, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Andre Lamy, Richard Whitlock, Yannick LeManach, Pavel S Roshanov, Michael McGillion, Peter Kavsak, Matthew J McQueen, Lehana Thabane, Reitze N Rodseth, Giovanna A Lurati Buse, Mohit Bhandari, Ignacia Garutti, Michael J Jacka, Holger J Schünemann, Olga Lucía Cortes, Pierre Coriat, Nazari Dvirnik, Fernando Botto, Shirley Pettit, Allan S Jaffe, Gordon H Guyatt
Importance: Little is known about the relationship between perioperative high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) measurements and 30-day mortality and myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS). Objective: To determine the association between perioperative hsTnT measurements and 30-day mortality and potential diagnostic criteria for MINS (ie, myocardial injury due to ischemia associated with 30-day mortality). Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study of patients aged 45 years or older who underwent inpatient noncardiac surgery and had a postoperative hsTnT measurement...
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
R Tabassum, A R Mia, K M Reza-Ul-Haq, M Yesmin, J M Faruqui
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a sensitive physiological biomarker of sub-clinical inflammation associated with hyperglycemia, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetic patients. A cross sectional study of 120 subjects attending outpatient department of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh was done with an aim to evaluate serum C-reactive protein in type 2 diabetic patients and compare with age matched non-diabetic persons from July 2014 to June 2015. Of the total cases, 60 were Type 2 diabetic patients and 60 were apparently healthy non-diabetic persons recruited for the study...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Hussam Uddin Soomro, Imran Jalbani, Nuzhat Faruqui
Foreign body in bladder is relatively uncommon condition with variable presentations. Literature is limited to case reports and small series from region. Therefore, we planned this study to review our experience regarding intravesical foreign body. This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised 14 patients having intravesical foreign bodies from March 1989 to March 2013. Demographics, presentation, mode of insertion, type of foreign body and management were noted...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Lydia Zajiczek, Michael Shaw, Nilofar Faruqui, Angelo Bella, Vijay M Pawar, Mandayam A Srinivasan, Maxim G Ryadnov
Extracellular protein matrices provide a rigidity interface exhibiting nano-mechanical cues that guide cell growth and proliferation. Cells sense such cues using actin-rich filopodia extensions which encourage favourable cell-matrix contacts to recruit more actin-mediated local forces into forming stable focal adhesions. A challenge remains in identifying and measuring these local cellular forces and in establishing empirical relationships between them, cell adhesion and filopodia formation. Here we investigate such relationships using a micromanipulation system designed to operate at the time scale of focal contact dynamics, with the sample frequency of a force probe being 0...
October 13, 2016: Nanoscale
Kanhaiya L Poddar, Dhruv K Modi, Siddharth Wayangankar, Badal Thakkar, Amar Krishnaswamy, Meera Kumari, Hazem Bdair, Karan Sud, Akhil Parashar, Mohammad Qasim Raza, Raquib Faruqui, Shikhar Agarwal, Kinjal Banerjee, E Murat Tuzcu, Samir R Kapadia
Data are limited about the prevalence trends of risk factors, lesion morphology, and clinical outcomes of coronary artery disease in patients, aged ≤45 years, undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), between the bare-metal stent (BMS; 1994 to 2002) and drug-eluting stent (DES; 2003 to 2012) eras. From the PCI database at the Cleveland Clinic, we identified 1,640 patients aged ≤45 years and without a history of coronary artery bypass grafting who underwent PCI from 1994 to 2012. There were 883 patients in the BMS era cohort with a mean follow-up period of 13...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Abdullah Foad, Sami Faruqui
BACKGROUND: Absence of the long head of the biceps brachii (LHB) tendon is rare with an unknown incidence. It can occur bilaterally in patients with or without associated congenital anomalies. Diagnostic difficulty exists with both magnetic resonance imaging and physical examination. METHODS/RESULTS: We present the case of a 24-year-old female with a three year history of progressive right shoulder pain and instability with negative magnetic resonance arthrogram who was subsequently found to have absence of the LHB tendon...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
A Martiniuk, J Jacob, N Faruqui, W Yu
BACKGROUND: This study sought to better understand parent, grandparent and clinician views of prevention, treatment and costs of plagiocephaly. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using focus groups and semi-structured interviews. A grounded theory approach was taken to build theories from the qualitative data collected. A subjectivist epistemological orientation was taken under the paradigm of positivism. RESULTS: Ninety-one parents, 6 grandparents and 24 clinicians were recruited from the community as well as primary and tertiary care clinics...
November 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Saima Riaz, Muhammad Khalid Nawaz, Zia S Faruqui, Syed Ather Saeed Kazmi, Asif Loya, Humayun Bashir
OBJECTIVE: Detection of primary tumor site in patients with carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) syndrome has always been a diagnostic dilemma, necessitating extensive workup. Early detection of primary tumor site coupled with specific therapy improves prognosis. The low detection rate of the primary tumor site can be attributed to the biological behavior or the small size of the primary tumor to be detected by conventional imaging. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in detecting CUP...
February 5, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
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