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Hussam Uddin Soomro, Imran Jalbani, Nuzhat Faruqui
Foreign body in bladder is relatively uncommon condition with variable presentations. Literature is limited to case reports and small series from region. Therefore, we planned this study to review our experience regarding intravesical foreign body. This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised 14 patients having intravesical foreign bodies from March 1989 to March 2013. Demographics, presentation, mode of insertion, type of foreign body and management were noted...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Lydia Zajiczek, Michael Shaw, Nilofar Faruqui, Angelo Bella, Vijay M Pawar, Mandayam A Srinivasan, Maxim G Ryadnov
Extracellular protein matrices provide a rigidity interface exhibiting nano-mechanical cues that guide cell growth and proliferation. Cells sense such cues using actin-rich filopodia extensions which encourage favourable cell-matrix contacts to recruit more actin-mediated local forces into forming stable focal adhesions. A challenge remains in identifying and measuring these local cellular forces and in establishing empirical relationships between them, cell adhesion and filopodia formation. Here we investigate such relationships using a micromanipulation system designed to operate at the time scale of focal contact dynamics, with the sample frequency of a force probe being 0...
October 13, 2016: Nanoscale
Kanhaiya L Poddar, Dhruv K Modi, Siddharth Wayangankar, Badal Thakkar, Amar Krishnaswamy, Meera Kumari, Hazem Bdair, Karan Sud, Akhil Parashar, Mohammad Qasim Raza, Raquib Faruqui, Shikhar Agarwal, Kinjal Banerjee, E Murat Tuzcu, Samir R Kapadia
Data are limited about the prevalence trends of risk factors, lesion morphology, and clinical outcomes of coronary artery disease in patients, aged ≤45 years, undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), between the bare-metal stent (BMS; 1994 to 2002) and drug-eluting stent (DES; 2003 to 2012) eras. From the PCI database at the Cleveland Clinic, we identified 1,640 patients aged ≤45 years and without a history of coronary artery bypass grafting who underwent PCI from 1994 to 2012. There were 883 patients in the BMS era cohort with a mean follow-up period of 13...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Abdullah Foad, Sami Faruqui
BACKGROUND: Absence of the long head of the biceps brachii (LHB) tendon is rare with an unknown incidence. It can occur bilaterally in patients with or without associated congenital anomalies. Diagnostic difficulty exists with both magnetic resonance imaging and physical examination. METHODS/RESULTS: We present the case of a 24-year-old female with a three year history of progressive right shoulder pain and instability with negative magnetic resonance arthrogram who was subsequently found to have absence of the LHB tendon...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
A Martiniuk, J Jacob, N Faruqui, W Yu
BACKGROUND: This study sought to better understand parent, grandparent and clinician views of prevention, treatment and costs of plagiocephaly. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using focus groups and semi-structured interviews. A grounded theory approach was taken to build theories from the qualitative data collected. A subjectivist epistemological orientation was taken under the paradigm of positivism. RESULTS: Ninety-one parents, 6 grandparents and 24 clinicians were recruited from the community as well as primary and tertiary care clinics...
August 9, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Saima Riaz, Muhammad Khalid Nawaz, Zia S Faruqui, Syed Ather Saeed Kazmi, Asif Loya, Humayun Bashir
OBJECTIVE: Detection of primary tumor site in patients with carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) syndrome has always been a diagnostic dilemma, necessitating extensive workup. Early detection of primary tumor site coupled with specific therapy improves prognosis. The low detection rate of the primary tumor site can be attributed to the biological behavior or the small size of the primary tumor to be detected by conventional imaging. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in detecting CUP...
February 5, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
Elizabeth K Parker, Sahrish S Faruquie, Gail Anderson, Linette Gomes, Andrew Kennedy, Christine M Wearne, Michael R Kohn, Simon D Clarke
Introduction. This study examines weight gain and assesses complications associated with refeeding hospitalised adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (EDs) prescribed initial calories above current recommendations. Methods. Patients admitted to an adolescent ED structured "rapid refeeding" program for >48 hours and receiving ≥2400 kcal/day were included in a 3-year retrospective chart review. Results. The mean (SD) age of the 162 adolescents was 16.7 years (0.9), admission % median BMI was 80...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Sami Faruqui, Mohammad A Kotob, Courtney C Hanna, Abdullah Foad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes and complications in a series of patients who underwent the modified Norwegian method (MNM) of biceps tenodesis by a single shoulder surgeon. METHODS: A retrospective review of charts from all patients who underwent the modified Norwegian method of biceps tenodesis by the senior author during a 5-year period between 2008 and 2013 was performed. After all patients were identified, informed consent was obtained and DASH and ASES surveys were administered...
May 3, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Sahrish Sonia Faruquie, Elizabeth Kumiko Parker, Peter Talbot
Objective The aims of the present study, in home enteral nutrition (HEN) patients, were to assess patient satisfaction with the service and quality of life (QOL) scores, and to compare QOL scores in HEN patients with general Australian population values.Methods Self-administered voluntary questionnaires for the present cross-sectional study were mailed out to 322 eligible participants registered with HEN for >5 months. The questionnaires used included a patient satisfaction survey and a validated QOL questionnaire...
March 3, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Zeina M Saleh, Sami Faruqui, Abdullah Foad
OBJECTIVE: Adhesive capsulitis has been suggested as an adverse effect of vaccine administration into the shoulder area. The purpose of this case series is to report 3 cases of acute onset of adhesive capsulitis following pneumococcal and influenza vaccines. CLINICAL FEATURES: Patients reported painful shoulder and limited motion following routine vaccination. After clinical examination, a diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis was noted. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: All 3 patients were treated conservatively with physical therapy (active ranges of motion and active-assisted motion), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and activity modification with eventual resolution of symptoms...
December 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Yulia Zyrianova, Lauren Alexander, Rafey Faruqui
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature relating to the neuropsychiatric symptoms at presentation and outcome of childhood brain tumours. METHODS: Seven online databases pertaining to the neuropsychiatric presentation and outcomes of childhood CNS tumours were searched and PRISMA guidelines were followed. Temporal limits were not applied to the searches. RESULTS: There were 1879 relevant search results in total...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Atif Javed, Aziz Abdullah, Nuzhat Faruqui, Sher Shah Syed, Abdul Jabbar Pirzada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate various prognostic factors which determine outcome after surgical repair of vesicovaginal fistula. METHODS: The retrospective study was conducted at Koohi Goth Fistula Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data related to patients having undergone vesicovaginal fistula repair from January 2007 to June 2012. Multivariate analysis of the record was done using SPSS 19 software determining odds ratio with 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Record of 640 patients were analysed with an overall success in 558(87...
September 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Mangala Rao, Denis Xavier, Padmini Devi, Alben Sigamani, Atiya Faruqui, Rajeev Gupta, Prafulla Kerkar, Rajendra Kumar Jain, Rajnish Joshi, N Chidambaram, Daya Sagar Rao, S Thanikachalam, S S Iyengar, Kiron Verghese, V Mohan, Prem Pais
AIM: To conduct a systematic review on the prevalence, risk factors, treatments and outcomes of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) in Indians. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a systematic review of studies in Indians with CAD from Jan 1969 to Oct 2012. Initial search yielded 3885 studies and after review 288 observational studies were included. The prevalence of CAD in urban areas was 2.5%-12.6% and in rural areas, 1.4%-4.6%. The prevalence of risk factors was: smoking (8...
July 2015: Indian Heart Journal
Sahrish Sonia Faruquie, Elizabeth Kumiko Parker, Peter Talbot
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study investigates the home enteral nutrition (HEN) services of public principal referral hospitals in NSW, Australia, comparing their services to best practice guidelines for HEN. METHODS: HEN service processes were investigated using an online questionnaire and telephone interview with the dietitian primarily working with HEN at each hospital. RESULTS: Participating hospitals reported a total of approximately 3200 HEN patients, 76% required oral nutrition support...
February 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Musa Basseer Sami, Rafey Faruqui
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury and stroke are among the leading causes of neurological disability worldwide. Although dopaminergic agents have long been associated with improvement of neuropsychiatric outcomes, to date much of the evidence to date has been in case reports and case series or open label trials. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review of double-blinded randomised controlled trials (RCT) to determine the effect of dopaminergic agents on pre-defined outcomes of (a) apathy; (b) psychomotor retardation; (c) behavioural management and (d) cognitive function...
December 2015: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Nandini Bhandaru, Partho Sarathi Goohpattader, Danish Faruqui, Rabibrata Mukherjee, Ashutosh Sharma
Ultrathin (<100 nm) unstable polymer films exposed to a solvent vapor dewet by the growth of surface instability, the wavelength (λ) of which depends on the film thickness (h(f)). While the dewetting of a flat polymer thin film results in random structures, we show that the dewetting of a prepatterned film results in myriad ordered mesoscale morphologies under specific conditions. Such a film undergoes rupture over the thinnest parts when the initial local thickness of these zones (h(rm)) is lower than a limiting thickness h(lim) ≈ 10 nm...
March 17, 2015: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Mohammad Kamruzzaman, A Nayeem Faruqui, Mohammed Ifteker Hossain, Sang Hak Lee
A new and sensitive spectrofluorimetric method has been proposed to determine trace amount of adenosine disodium triphosphate (ATP). The method is based on the fluorimetric interaction between gatifloxacin (GFLX)-aluminium (III) (Al(3+) ) complex and ATP and studied using UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy. Weak luminescence spectra of Al(3+) were enhanced after complexation with GFLX at 423 nm upon excitation at 272 nm due to energy transfer from the ligand to the Al(3+) ion. It was observed that the FL emission spectrum of GFLX-Al(3+) was enhanced significantly by the addition of ATP...
November 2015: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Saman Faruqui, Mubassar Fida, Attiya Shaikh
INTRODUCTION: Morphological deviations of the cervical vertebral column have been described in relation to craniofacial aberrations and syndromes. Furthermore, it has recently been shown that abnormal morphology of upper cervical vertebrae is associated with malformation of the jaws and occlusion. Accordingly, it is relevant to focus on similar associations in patients with skeletal malocclusions. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to: (a) Identify the anomalies of the cervical column in patients with skeletal malocclusions (b) Determine the association between cervical vertebral anomalies and skeletal malocclusions...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Emiliana De Santis, Nilofar Faruqui, James E Noble, Maxim G Ryadnov
Sequence-prescribed biomolecular assemblies find increasing use in the development of novel nanostructured materials. Critical requirements for emerging designs remain in matching form with function. Peptide assembly diversifies form and supports function, but lacks control over both. Herein we exploit length correlations in peptide nanoscale fibres (form) using a model helical template. We establish that different assembly patterns result from a synergistic interplay between peptide length, net charge and folding and supra-molecular cooperativity, while correlating with increases in cell proliferation (function) as a function of peptide length...
October 7, 2014: Nanoscale
Usman Bashir, Irfan Ahmed, Omar Bashir, Muhammad Azam, Zia Sulman Faruqui, Najam Uddin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of high-resolution MR imaging done at 1.5T in distinguishing bladder-restricted tumor from non-bladder-restricted tumor and compare the mean short axis dimension of metastatic pelvic lymph nodes with benign pelvic lymph nodes. STUDY DESIGN: Analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from March 2008 to July 2011. METHODOLOGY: Patients with bladder cancer were enrolled...
May 2014: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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