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sudden unexpected infant death

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125216/evaluation-of-a-sudden-unexpected-death-in-infancy-intervention-programme-aimed-at-improving-parental-awareness-of-risk-factors-and-protective-infant-care-practices
#1
Christine McIntosh, Adrian Trenholme, Joanna Stewart, Alison Vogel
AIM: Sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) rates for Māori and Pacific infants remain higher than for other ethnic groups in New Zealand and bed-sharing is a major risk factor when there is smoking exposure in pregnancy. Sleep space programmes of education and Pēpi-Pod baby beds require evaluation. METHODS: Two hundred and forty Māori and Pacific women and infants were randomised 1:1, to the Pēpi-Pod sleep space programme, or to a control group with 'usual care'...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049067/sudden-unexpected-postnatal-collapse-and-sudden-unexpected-infant-death
#2
Kathleen Rice Simpson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984117/sudden-unexpected-postnatal-collapse-at-20-hours-from-birth-during-skin-to-skin-care-related-to-brainstem-developmental-alterations-a-case-report
#3
Anna M Lavezzi, Francesco Piscioli, Teresa Pusiol
This report describes a case of sudden collapse of a 20-hour-old newborn, while he was placed close to their mother according to skin-to-skin care, attributed to developmental alterations of brainstem nuclei involved in regulation of the vital functions. The infant, after a normal pregnancy, appeared well developed at birth, with no evidence of malformations or trauma, but showing severe asphyxia. The routine autopsy did not reveal a possible cause of death. Only the in-depth anatomopathological examination of the autonomic nervous system, according to the protocol developed by the "Lino Rossi" Research Center of Milan University, provided an explanation of the pathogenetic mechanism of this early death...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966058/-congenital-hyperinsulinism-revealed-by-sudden-infant-death
#4
Anne Guyot, Fanny Moreau, Maxime Eberhard, Jean-Michel Gaulier, François Paraf
We report the case of a girl of 5 and a half months admitted for discomfort and consciousness loss at home and supported on sudden infant death protocol. Workup was negative. Autopsy showed only signs of asphyxia. Microscopic examination of the pancreas showed hypertrophic beta cells of Langerhans islets, explaining death linked to severe hypoglycemia by inappropriate insulin hypersecretion. This observation highlights the importance of the management of sudden infant unexpected death according to the protocol of the National Health Authority, which includes an autopsy with complete sampling, which in this case resulted in a diagnosis of unknown disease the lifetime of the child...
October 2017: Annales de Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965169/voltage-gated-sodium-channel-%C3%AE-subunits-and-their-related-diseases
#5
Alexandra A Bouza, Lori L Isom
Voltage-gated sodium channels are protein complexes comprised of one pore forming α subunit and two, non-pore forming, β subunits. The voltage-gated sodium channel β subunits were originally identified to function as auxiliary subunits, which modulate the gating, kinetics, and localization of the ion channel pore. Since that time, the five β subunits have been shown to play crucial roles as multifunctional signaling molecules involved in cell adhesion, cell migration, neuronal pathfinding, fasciculation, and neurite outgrowth...
October 1, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939283/histiocytoid-cardiomyopathy-and-ventricular-noncompaction-presenting-as-sudden-death-in-an-adult-male
#6
J Fernando Val-Bernal, Marta Mayorga, Clara Ortega, Emma Linares
Histiocytoid/oncocytic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a rare, distinctive arrhythmogenic disorder that presents as arrhythmia or sudden death in infants and children. Ventricular noncompaction (VNC) is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by a thickened endocardial layer of noncompacted myocardium and a thin epicardial layer of compacted myocardium. Only six cases of the association of both cardiomyopathies have been reported previously in the literature. All these cases were in children. To the best of our knowledge, a case of HCM has not been described in the adult...
September 7, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866704/unexpected-infant-death-secondary-to-a-pulmonary-infiltration-due-to-acute-myelocytic-leukaemia
#7
M Ben Khelil, Y Chkirbene, M Mlika, S Haouet, M Hamdoun
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) often presents with non-specific symptoms such as fatigue, anaemia or infection. Pulmonary involvement is uncommon in AML during the course of the disease and is usually caused by infection, haemorrhage, leukaemic pulmonary infiltrates and leukostasis. Lung localization of AML is very uncommon and potentially life threatening if not diagnosed and treated rapidly. The authors describe the sudden death of an asymptomatic five-month-infant because of a misdiagnosed lung localization of AML...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841792/-importance-of-the-forensic-autopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-septic-shock-a-case-report
#8
A Sibón-Olano, E Sánchez-Rodríguez, M Payá, E Barrera-Pérez, M Salguero-Villadiego, A Fernández-Rodríguez
Septic shock sometimes starts with unspecific symptoms that hamper the clinical diagnosis and, therefore an appropriate treatment. When the septic shock follows a fulminating course with a fatal outcome, the etiological diagnosis has to be conducted post-mortem. Sudden unexpected deaths in children and young adults are frequently the object of medico-legal autopsies. Some sudden unexpected deaths have an infectious origin, which requires further analyses, including microbiology, to establish the cause of death...
August 25, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814627/prematurity-and-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths-in-the-united-states
#9
Barbara M Ostfeld, Ofira Schwartz-Soicher, Nancy E Reichman, Julien O Teitler, Thomas Hegyi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prematurity, a strong risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), was addressed in recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2011 for safe sleep education in NICUs. We documented associations between gestational age (GA) and SUID subsequent to these guidelines. METHODS: Using the 2012-2013 US linked infant birth and death certificate period files, we documented rates per live births of sudden infant death syndrome, ill-defined and unspecified causes, accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed, and overall SUID by GA in postneonatal, out-of-hospital, and autopsied cases; compared survivors and cases; and estimated logistic regression models of associations between GA and SUID...
June 5, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814625/variations-in-cause-of-death-determination-for-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths
#10
Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Sharyn E Parks, Jennifer Brustrom, Tom Andrew, Lena Camperlengo, John Fudenberg, Betsy Payn, Dale Rhoda
OBJECTIVES: To quantify and describe variation in cause-of-death certification of sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) among US medical examiners and coroners. METHODS: From January to November 2014, we conducted a nationally representative survey of US medical examiners and coroners who certify infant deaths. Two-stage unequal probability sampling with replacement was used. Medical examiners and coroners were asked to classify SUIDs based on hypothetical scenarios and to describe the evidence considered and investigative procedures used for cause-of-death determination...
June 5, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810095/state-of-south-dakota-s-child-2016
#11
Ann L Wilson, Tyler Hemmingson, Brad Randall
In 2015, there was an increase in the number of births in South Dakota compared to the previous year. Further, the state's 2014 birth rate (14.4) exceeded the 12.5 rate observed nationally for this year. Similar to national trends, one-quarter of South Dakota newborns represent minority populations. The infant mortality rate of 7.3 for the state in 2015 was 24 percent higher than the 2014 rate. Analyses of factors that contributed to this increase show that twice as many infants died of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) in 2015 as has been observed in previous years...
January 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806466/medicolegal-death-investigation-of-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths
#12
Roger A Mitchell, Constance DiAngelo, Daniel Morgan
This review article describes the role of the medicolegal death investigator and medical examiner or coroner (MEC) in the investigations of a sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) beginning with an introduction into the case types that should be investigated and how infant deaths fit into that legal framework. The article also provides an overview of the history of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention SUID investigation guidelines and process. The article concludes with a description of how the MEC correlates the scene investigation with autopsy findings, as well as the role of the MEC in cause of death determinations...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806465/safe-infant-sleep-practices-parental-engagement-education-and-behavior-change
#13
Sunah S Hwang, Michael J Corwin
Although the incidence of sudden unexpected infant death declined by nearly 50% in the 1990s, there has been little improvement in the past 15 years. Significant disparities in infant sleep practices and sleep-associated death exist, particularly by maternal race/ethnicity. This article provides a brief overview of recent observational and intervention studies related to infant sleep practices to describe the context and motivation for the population-based Study of Attitudes and Factors Effecting Infant Care (SAFE)...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806463/the-evolving-understanding-of-sudden-unexpected-infant-death
#14
Christine G McIntosh, Edwin A Mitchell
Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) is the leading cause for post-neonatal mortality in industrialized nations. Case-control studies have identified risk factors for SUID that have shaped research into studies of causation. Most current hypotheses for the mechanisms for SUID contribute to the "SUID sequence"-hypoxia and/or hypercarbia in sleep to which a vulnerable infant fails to respond adequately and that results in death. Reducing vulnerability in infants and promoting safe sleep for infants is important for prevention and requires knowledge of the prevalence of risk factors within the target population and a culturally sensitive approach...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806462/sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths-what-are-we-learning-and-how-can-we-reduce-the-risks
#15
EDITORIAL
Larry Consenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781935/procedures-in-child-deaths-in-the-netherlands-a-comparison-with-child-death-review
#16
Sandra Gijzen, Jessica Petter, Monique P L'Hoir, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Ariana Need
AIM: Child Death Review (CDR) is a method in which every child death is systematically and multidisciplinary examined to (1) improve death statistics, (2) identify factors that give direction for prevention, (3) translate the results into possible interventions, and (4) support families. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent procedures of organizations involved in the (health) care for children in The Netherlands cover these four objectives of CDR. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Organizations in the Eastern part of The Netherlands and Dutch umbrella organizations involved in child (health) care were asked to provide their protocols, guidelines or other working agreements that describe their activities and responsibilities in case of a child's death...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759406/variations-in-cause-of-death-determination-for-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths
#17
Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Sharyn E Parks, Jennifer Brustrom, Tom Andrew, Lena Camperlengo, John Fudenberg, Betsy Payn, Dale Rhoda
OBJECTIVES: To quantify and describe variation in cause-of-death certification of sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) among US medical examiners and coroners. METHODS: From January to November 2014, we conducted a nationally representative survey of US medical examiners and coroners who certify infant deaths. Two-stage unequal probability sampling with replacement was used. Medical examiners and coroners were asked to classify SUIDs based on hypothetical scenarios and to describe the evidence considered and investigative procedures used for cause-of-death determination...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759397/prematurity-and-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths-in-the-united-states
#18
Barbara M Ostfeld, Ofira Schwartz-Soicher, Nancy E Reichman, Julien O Teitler, Thomas Hegyi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prematurity, a strong risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), was addressed in recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2011 for safe sleep education in NICUs. We documented associations between gestational age (GA) and SUID subsequent to these guidelines. METHODS: Using the 2012-2013 US linked infant birth and death certificate period files, we documented rates per live births of sudden infant death syndrome, ill-defined and unspecified causes, accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed, and overall SUID by GA in postneonatal, out-of-hospital, and autopsied cases; compared survivors and cases; and estimated logistic regression models of associations between GA and SUID...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751613/research-priorities-in-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-an-international-consensus
#19
Fern R Hauck, Betty L McEntire, Leanne K Raven, Francine L Bates, Lucy A Lyus, Alexis M Willett, Peter S Blair
Despite the success of safe sleep campaigns and the progress in understanding risk factors, the rate of reduction in the cases of sudden infant death syndrome has now slowed and it remains a leading cause of postneonatal mortality in many developed countries. Strategic action is needed to tackle this problem and it is now vital to identify how the sudden infant death research community may best target its efforts. The Global Action and Prioritization of Sudden Infant Death Project was an international consensus process that aimed to define and direct future research by investigating the priorities of expert and lay members of the sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) community across countries...
July 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747690/postmortem-genetic-analysis-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-infancy-neonatal-genetic-screening-may-enable-the-prevention-of-sudden-infant-death
#20
Yuki Oshima, Takuma Yamamoto, Taisuke Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Mishima, Aya Matsusue, Takahiro Umehara, Takehiko Murase, Yuki Abe, Shin-Ichi Kubo, Koh-Ichiro Yoshiura, Naomasa Makita, Kazuya Ikematsu
Tandem mass screening has recently been started in Japan, but genetic screening has yet to be widely performed in neonates and many unexpected deaths are still being reported. We previously reported two cases of sudden infant death that may have been prevented had newborn screening been performed. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed 71 cases of sudden infant death for 66 arrhythmia- and 63 metabolic disease-related genes to identify how many cases of sudden infant death may have been prevented had mass screening been performed...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
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