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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599744/understanding-the-risks-sitting-and-carrying-devices-pose-to-safe-infant-sleep
#1
Roger Rholdon
There have been various campaigns and recommendations to decrease the incidence of sudden unexpected infant death. Despite this, caregivers continue to place infants in unsafe sleeping environments. These environments, such as sitting devices, slings, carriers, and car seats, pose a significant risk to an infant's safety because of the risk from suffocation and cardiorespiratory instability. It is important for health care providers to understand the appropriate use of car seats, slings, and other sitting devices, to model appropriate behaviors, and to educate parents and caregivers...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571049/the-combination-of-bed-sharing-and-maternal-smoking-leads-to-a-greatly-increased-risk-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-infancy-the-new-zealand-sudi-nationwide-case-control-study
#2
Edwin A Mitchell, John Md Thompson, Jane Zuccollo, Melanie MacFarlane, Barry Taylor, Dawn Elder, Alistair W Stewart, Teuila Percival, Nick Baker, Gabrielle K McDonald, Bev Lawton, Martin Schlaud, Peter Fleming
BACKGROUND: Despite a major reduction in overall infant mortality, sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) continues to be of concern in New Zealand, as the rate is high by international standards, and is even higher in indigenous Māori. AIM: To identify modifiable risk factors for SUDI. METHODS: A three-year (1 March 2012-28 February 2015) nationwide case-control study was conducted in New Zealand. RESULTS: There were 137 SUDI cases, giving a SUDI mortality rate of 0...
June 2, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562272/racial-and-ethnic-trends-in-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths-united-states-1995-2013
#3
Sharyn E Parks, Alexa B Erck Lambert, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Immediately after the 1994 Back-to-Sleep campaign, sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) rates decreased dramatically, but they have remained relatively stable (93.4 per 100 000 live births) since 2000. In this study, we examined trends in SUID rates and disparities by race/ethnicity since the Back-to-Sleep campaign. METHODS: We used 1995-2013 US period-linked birth-infant death data to evaluate SUID rates per 100 000 live births by non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB), Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander racial/ethnic groupings...
May 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450386/update-on-congenital-heart-disease-and-sudden-infant-perinatal-death-from-history-to-future-trends
#4
REVIEW
Giulia Ottaviani, L Maximilian Buja
During the 20th century, expert pathologists contributed an in-depth characterisation of the anatomical pathology and associated pathophysiology of congenital heart disease (CHD). Starting in the 1970s, the reported CHD birth prevalence has been increasing, owing to advances in diagnostic methods. Over the years, surgical treatments have been associated with an enormous reduction of CHD mortality. Advances also have been made in understanding the developmental biology and molecular pathogenesis of CHD. In developed countries, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the most frequent form of death during the first year of life, with a death rate of 0...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382839/abnormal-muscularization-of-intra-acinar-pulmonary-arteries-in-2-cases-presenting-as-sudden-infant-death-sids
#5
Zainun Khairul, Hope Kirsten, Andrew G Nicholson, Marta C Cohen
Abnormal muscularization of acinar arteries is the hallmark of persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN), an uncommon disease with high rate of morbidity and mortality. PPHN presents with signs of respiratory distress immediately following birth. We herein report 2 cases presenting as a witnessed sudden unexpected death in the late neonatal period, preceded by respiratory deterioration and in whom the presence of abnormal muscularization of the acinar pulmonary arteries was reminiscent of PPHN. The significance of this report is twofold: to increase the awareness among pediatricians and pathologists of this feature that can present in some cases of sudden unexpected death in infancy/Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and to highlight the importance of performing a thorough autopsy in order to identify the abnormality...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378502/infant-pacifiers-for-reduction-in-risk-of-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Kim Psaila, Jann P Foster, Neil Pulbrook, Heather E Jeffery
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been most recently defined as the sudden unexpected death of an infant less than one year of age, with onset of the fatal episode apparently occurring during sleep, that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation, including the performance of a complete autopsy and a review of the circumstances of death and clinical history. Despite the success of several prevention campaigns, SIDS remains a leading cause of infant mortality...
April 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295538/authorised-access-web-portal-for-italian-data-bank-on-sudden-unexpected-perinatal-and-infant-death
#7
Giulia Ottaviani, Paolo Perlasca, Marco Mesiti, Luca Ferrari, Anna M Lavezzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276303/abnormal-muscularization-of-intra-acinar-pulmonary-arteries-in-two-cases-presenting-as-sudden-infant-death
#8
Khairul Zainun, Kirsten Hope, Andrew G Nicholson, Marta C Cohen
Abnormal muscularization of acinar arteries is the hallmark of persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN), an uncommon disease with high rate of morbidity and mortality. PPHN presents with signs of respiratory distress immediately following birth. We herein report 2 cases presenting as a witnessed sudden unexpected death in the late neonatal period, preceded by respiratory deterioration and in whom the presence of abnormal muscularization of the acinar pulmonary arteries was reminiscent of PPHN. The significance of this report is twofold: to increase the awareness among pediatricians and pathologists of this feature that can present in some cases of Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy/Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and to highlight the importance of performing a thorough autopsy in order to identify the abnormality...
January 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238633/early-neonatal-death-a-challenge-worldwide
#9
REVIEW
Liisa Lehtonen, Ana Gimeno, Anna Parra-Llorca, Máximo Vento
Early neonatal death (ENND), defined as the death of a newborn between zero and seven days after birth, represents 73% of all postnatal deaths worldwide. Despite a 50% reduction in childhood mortality, reduction of ENND has significantly lagged behind other Millennium Developmental Goal achievements and is a growing contributor to overall mortality in children aged <5 years. The etiology of ENND is closely related to the level of a country's industrialization. Hence, prematurity and congenital anomalies are the leading causes in high-income countries...
June 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228502/the-sudden-death-in-the-young-case-registry-collaborating-to-understand-and-reduce-mortality
#10
Kristin M Burns, Lauren Bienemann, Lena Camperlengo, Carri Cottengim, Theresa M Covington, Heather Dykstra, Meghan Faulkner, Rosemarie Kobau, Alexa B Erck Lambert, Heather MacLeod, Sharyn E Parks, Ellen Rosenberg, Mark W Russell, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Esther Shaw, Niu Tian, Vicky Whittemore, Jonathan R Kaltman
Knowledge gaps persist about the incidence of and risk factors for sudden death in the young (SDY). The SDY Case Registry is a collaborative effort between the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Michigan Public Health Institute. Its goals are to: (1) describe the incidence of SDY in the United States by using population-based surveillance; (2) compile data from SDY cases to create a resource of information and DNA samples for research; (3) encourage standardized approaches to investigation, autopsy, and categorization of SDY cases; (4) develop partnerships between local, state, and federal stakeholders toward a common goal of understanding and preventing SDY; and (5) support families who have lost loved ones to SDY by providing resources on bereavement and medical evaluation of surviving family members...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173849/rigour-and-rapport-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-professionals-experiences-of-joint-agency-infant-death-investigation
#11
Joanna Garstang, Frances Griffiths, Peter Sidebotham
BACKGROUND: In many countries there are now detailed Child Death Review (CDR) processes following unexpected child deaths. CDR can lead to a fuller understanding of the causes for each child's death but this potentially intrusive process may increase the distress of bereaved families. In England, a joint agency approach (JAA) is used where police, healthcare and social services investigate sudden child deaths together and a key part of this is the joint home visit (JHV) where specialist police and paediatricians visit the home with the parents to view the scene of death...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064421/impact-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-reduce-bedsharing-on-breastfeeding-rates-and-duration-for-african-american-infants
#12
Rachel Y Moon, Anita Mathews, Brandi L Joyner, Rosalind P Oden, Jianping He, Robert McCarter
Bedsharing is associated with both increased breastfeeding and increased risk of sudden and unexpected infant deaths. The objective was to determine impact of sleep location and counseling about sleep location on breastfeeding exclusivity and duration in African-Americans. 1194 mothers of newborns were randomized to receive messaging emphasizing either safe sleep practices to reduce SIDS risk or safe sleep practices to prevent SIDS/suffocation. Mothers completed four interviews in the 6 months after delivery...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044049/wahakura-versus-bassinet-for-safe-infant-sleep-a-randomized-trial
#13
Sally A Baddock, David Tipene-Leach, Sheila M Williams, Angeline Tangiora, Raymond Jones, Ella Iosua, Emily C Macleod, Barry J Taylor
OBJECTIVES: To compare an indigenous sleep device (wahakura) for infants at high risk for sudden unexpected death with a bassinet, for measures of infant sleep position, head covering, breastfeeding, bed-sharing, and maternal sleep and fatigue. METHODS: A total of 200 mainly Māori pregnant women were recruited from deprived areas of New Zealand. They were randomized to receive a bassinet or wahakura and asked to sleep the infant in this device from birth. Questionnaires at 1, 3, and 6 months and an overnight infrared video in the home at 1 month were completed...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028890/evolution-and-significance-of-the-triple-risk-model-in-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Jade Spinelli, Lyndsey Collins-Praino, Corinna Van Den Heuvel, Roger W Byard
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of death in infants, although the mechanisms leading to death remain unclear. Multiple theories have emerged over time, with one of the most influential hypotheses being the triple risk model. This model, first devised in 1972 and later revised in 1994 by Filiano and Kinney, is still widely used in assisting with conceptualising and understanding sudden death in infancy. This model has evolved over time, with each version stressing that SIDS is likely to occur when certain risk factors coincide, suggesting that the lethal mechanisms in SIDS are likely to be multifactorial...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994112/safe-sleep-guideline-adherence-in-nationwide-marketing-of-infant-cribs-and-products
#15
Matthew Kreth, Tammy Shikany, Claire Lenker, R Bradley Troxler
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome and sleep-related sudden unexpected infant death remain leading causes of infant mortality in the United States despite 4 safe sleep guideline restatements over the previous 24 years. Advertising and retail crib displays often promote infant sleep environments that are counter to the most recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines. METHODS: Magazine advertisements featuring sleep in parenting magazines from 1992, 2010, and 2015 were reviewed for adherence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918760/risk-factors-protective-factors-and-current-recommendations-to-reduce-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-a-review
#16
Rebecca F Carlin, Rachel Y Moon
Importance: Sudden infant death syndrome remains the leading cause of death in infants aged 1 month to 1 year in the United States. Observations: While its exact cause is unknown, sudden infant death syndrome is believed to be multifactorial, ie, occurs in infants with underlying biological vulnerability who experience an exogenous stressor, such as prone/side sleeping or soft bedding, during a critical developmental period. Much genetic and physiologic evidence points to impaired arousal responses to hypercarbia and hypoxia, which ultimately leads to asphyxia...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917382/updates-on-the-methodological-approaches-for-carrying-out-an-in-depth-study-of-the-cardiac-conduction-system-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system-of-victims-of-sudden-unexplained-fetal-and-infant-death
#17
Graziella Alfonsi, Marina Crippa
This article contains a set of protocols for histopathological techniques that can be used for carrying out in-depth studies of cases of sudden infant death syndrome and sudden intrauterine unexplained fetal death syndrome. In order to enable researchers to advance hypotheses regarding the causes of the unexpected death of infants and fetuses, the authors propose three innovative and accurate methodologies for studying the cardiac conduction system, the peripheral cardiac nervous system, and the central autonomic nervous system...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864952/sudden-infant-and-early-childhood-death-and-sinus-of-valsalva-pseudoaneurysms
#18
John Gilbert, Mary N Sheppard, Roger W Byard
Two cases of occult pseudoaneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva (SoV) are reported to demonstrate different etiologies and lethal mechanisms. A previously well 9-month-old boy who suffered an unexpected fatal cardiorespiratory arrest was found at autopsy to have a ruptured pseudoaneurysm of the left SoV resulting in lethal hemopericardium. A 13.5-month-old boy died soon after presenting with a 24-h history of poor feeding and reduced urine output. At autopsy, destruction of the noncoronary cusp of the aortic valve by bacterial endocarditis was found with extension of the inflammation into a pseudoaneurysm of the SoV with surrounding abscess formation involving the atrioventricular node...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849906/264-safety-and-efficacy-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-after-near-miss-sudden-unexpected-infant-death
#19
Kathleen Meert, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, Beth Slomine, James Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank Moler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725015/sudden-and-unexpected-childhood-deaths-investigated-at-the-pretoria-medico-legal-laboratory-south-africa-2007-2011
#20
B S Van Deventer, S H Rossouw, L Du Toit-Prinsloo
BACKGROUND:  Sudden and unexpected death is well known to occur in infants, and although sudden deaths are less frequent after the first birthday, they still account for a significant proportion of childhood deaths. In 2009, 1.9% of the total deaths in the USA were childhood deaths. In South Africa (SA) this proportion was much higher at 11.85%. According to the law, sudden and unexpected deaths are generally investigated as unnatural deaths. Establishing an exact underlying anatomical cause of death will depend on available resources and can be difficult in a substantial proportion of cases...
September 6, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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