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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061875/regional-level-risk-factors-associated-with-the-occurrence-of-african-swine-fever-in-west-and-east-africa
#1
Zheng Y X Huang, Frank van Langevelde, Karanina J Honer, Marc Naguib, Willem F de Boer
BACKGROUND: African swine fever (ASF) causes severe socio-economic impacts due to high mortality and trade restrictions. Many risk factors of ASF have been identified at farm level. However, understanding the risk factors, especially wild suid hosts, determining ASF transmission at regional level remains limited. METHODS: Based on ASF outbreak data in domestic pigs during 2006-2014, we here tested, separately for West and East Africa, which risk factors were linked to ASF presence at a regional level, using generalized linear mixed models...
January 7, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056966/pseudorabies-virus-infection-aujeszky-s-disease-in-an-iberian-lynx-lynx-pardinus-in-spain-a-case-report
#2
A Javier Masot, María Gil, David Risco, Olga M Jiménez, José I Núñez, Eloy Redondo
BACKGROUND: The only natural hosts of Pseudorabies virus (PRV) are members of the family Suidae (Sus scrofa scrofa). In species other than suids infection is normally fatal. In these mammals, including carnivores, PRV typically causes serious neurologic disease. The endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a wild feline endemic to south-western Europe (Iberian Peninsula). The Iberian lynx was found to be the world's most endangered felid species in 2002. In wild felines, PRV infection has only been previously reported once in a Florida panther in 1994...
January 5, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995620/inner-ear-development-in-cetaceans
#3
Tara Thean, Nikolay Kardjilov, Robert J Asher
Cetaceans face the challenge of maintaining equilibrium underwater and obtaining sensory input within a dense, low-visibility medium. The cetacean ear represents a key innovation that marked their evolution from terrestrial artiodactyls to among the most fully aquatic mammals in existence. Using micro-CT and histological data, we document shape and size changes in the cetacean inner ear during ontogeny, and demonstrate that, as a proportion of gestation time, the cetacean inner ear is precocial in its growth compared with that of suid artiodactyls...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908993/whole-genome-sequence-of-a-suid-herpesvirus-1-strain-isolated-from-the-brain-of-a-hunting-dog-in-italy
#4
Federica Pizzurro, Iolanda Mangone, Guendalina Zaccaria, Eliana De Luca, Daniela Malatesta, Marco Innocenti, Irene Carmine, Francesca Cito, Maurilia Marcacci, Daria Di Sabatino, Alessio Lorusso
Suid herpesvirus-1 (SHV-1), a DNA virus of the family Herpesviridae, causes a severe and fatal disease in a wide range of mammals. Here, we report the whole-genome sequence of an SHV-1 isolated in Italy in 2014 from the brain of a hunting dog that suffered from an acute and severe disease.
December 1, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899604/ipd-mhc-2-0-an-improved-inter-species-database-for-the-study-of-the-major-histocompatibility-complex
#5
Giuseppe Maccari, James Robinson, Keith Ballingall, Lisbeth A Guethlein, Unni Grimholt, Jim Kaufman, Chak-Sum Ho, Natasja G de Groot, Paul Flicek, Ronald E Bontrop, John A Hammond, Steven G E Marsh
The IPD-MHC Database project (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ipd/mhc/) collects and expertly curates sequences of the major histocompatibility complex from non-human species and provides the infrastructure and tools to enable accurate analysis. Since the first release of the database in 2003, IPD-MHC has grown and currently hosts a number of specific sections, with more than 7000 alleles from 70 species, including non-human primates, canines, felines, equids, ovids, suids, bovins, salmonids and murids. These sequences are expertly curated and made publicly available through an open access website...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891698/vaccination-and-unexplained-sudden-death-risk-in-taiwanese-infants
#6
Wan-Ting Huang, Robert T Chen, Yu-Chen Hsu, John W Glasser, Philip H Rhodes
PURPOSE: In March 1992, eight infants who had died within 36 hours of receiving whole-cell pertussis vaccine (diphtheria, tetanus, and whole-cell pertussis [DTwP]) prompted the Taiwan health authorities to suspend its use. We conducted an investigation of vaccination and sudden unexplained infant death (SUID) and repeated it more recently after Taiwan switched to acellular pertussis vaccine (diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis [DTaP]) in 2010. METHODS: All SUIDs aged 31-364 days during 1990-1992 and 1996-2013 were selected from the death registration databases...
November 28, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855594/when-chems-meet-sex-a-rising-phenomenon-called-chemsex
#7
Raffaele Giorgetti, Adriano Tagliabracci, Fabrizio Schifano, Simona Zaami, Enrico Marinelli, Francesco Paolo Busardò
BACKGROUND: The term "chemsex" was coined to indicate the voluntary intake of psychoactive and non psychoactive drugs in the context of recreational settings to facilitate and/or to enhance sexual intercourses mostly among men who have sex with other men (MSM). OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to review the mechanisms of action, the toxicity and the pattern of use and abuse of substances involved in "chemsex" practice together with the sociocultural background underlying it and the health-related consequences that they may have...
November 17, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700037/icpms-based-specific-quantification-of-phosphotyrosine-a-gallium-tagging-and-tyrosine-phosphatase-mediated-strategy
#8
Nannan Tang, Zhaoxin Li, Limin Yang, Qiuquan Wang
Low-abundance tyrosine phosphorylation is crucial to not only normal but also aberrant life processes. We designed and synthesized a photocleavable magnetic nanoparticle-based gallium tag for tagging and enrichment as well as UV-release of the phosphate-bearing molecules/ions in cells. HPLC/(71)Ga species-unspecific isotope dilution ((71)Ga-SUID) ICP-MS was subsequently developed for specific and absolute quantification of phosphotyrosine (pY) under the assistance of a protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP-1B)...
October 4, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677096/the-institution-of-a-standardized-investigation-protocol-for-sudden-infant-death-in-the-eastern-metropole-cape-town-south-africa
#9
Johan J Dempers, Jean Coldrey, Elsie H Burger, Vonita Thompson, Shabbir A Wadee, Hein J Odendaal, Mary Ann Sens, Brad B Randall, Rebecca D Folkerth, Hannah C Kinney
The rate for the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Cape Town, South Africa, is estimated to be among the highest in the world (3.41/1000 live births). In several of these areas, including those of extreme poverty, only sporadic, nonstandardized infant autopsy, and death scene investigation (DSI) occurred. In this report, we detail a feasibility project comprising 18 autopsied infants with sudden and unexpected death whose causes of death were adjudicated according to the 1991 NICHD definitions (SIDS, n = 7; known cause of death, n = 7; and unclassified, n = 4)...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667928/the-middle-pleistocene-vertebrate-fauna-from-khok-sung-nakhon-ratchasima-thailand-biochronological-and-paleobiogeographical-implications
#10
Kantapon Suraprasit, Jean-Jacques Jaeger, Yaowalak Chaimanee, Olivier Chavasseau, Chotima Yamee, Pannipa Tian, Somsak Panha
The fluviatile terrace deposits of Khok Sung, Nakhon Ratchasima province, have yielded more than one thousand fossils, making this the richest Pleistocene vertebrate fauna of Thailand. The excellent preservation of the specimens allows precise characterization of the faunal composition. The mammalian fauna consists of fifteen species in thirteen genera, including a primate, a canid, a hyaenid, proboscideans, rhinoceroses, a suid, cervids, and bovids. Most species correspond to living taxa but globally (Stegodon cf...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649301/safe-sleep-infant-care-practices-reported-by-mothers-of-twins
#11
Elizabeth G Damato, Madeline C Haas, Pamela Czeck, Donna A Dowling, Sarah Gutin Barsman
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of prematurity and low birth-weight places twin infants at increased risk for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) and/or sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Risk for these SUID and SIDS is affected by a combination of nonmodifiable intrinsic risk factors and modifiable extrinsic stressors including infant care practices related to sleep. Although adherence to the full scope of American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2011 recommendations is intended to decrease risk, these recommendations are aimed at singleton infants and may require tailoring for families with multiple infants...
December 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633968/development-of-a-novel-lateral-flow-assay-for-detection-of-african-swine-fever-in-blood
#12
P Sastre, C Gallardo, A Monedero, T Ruiz, M Arias, A Sanz, P Rueda
BACKGROUND: African swine fever (ASF) is a viral infectious disease of domestic and wild suids of all breeds and ages, causing a wide range of hemorrhagic syndromes and frequently characterized by high mortality. The disease is endemic in Sub-Saharan Africa and Sardinia. Since 2007, it has also been present in different countries of Eastern Europe, where control measures have not been effective so far. The continued spread poses a serious threat to the swine industry worldwide. In the absence of vaccine, early detection of infected animals is of paramount importance for control of the outbreak, to prevent the transmission of the virus to healthy animals and subsequent spreading of the disease...
September 15, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629027/untangling-the-environmental-from-the-dietary-dust-does-not-matter
#13
Gildas Merceron, Anusha Ramdarshan, Cécile Blondel, Jean-Renaud Boisserie, Noël Brunetiere, Arthur Francisco, Denis Gautier, Xavier Milhet, Alice Novello, Dimitri Pret
Both dust and silica phytoliths have been shown to contribute to reducing tooth volume during chewing. However, the way and the extent to which they individually contribute to tooth wear in natural conditions is unknown. There is still debate as to whether dental microwear represents a dietary or an environmental signal, with far-reaching implications on evolutionary mechanisms that promote dental phenotypes, such as molar hypsodonty in ruminants, molar lengthening in suids or enamel thickening in human ancestors...
September 14, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404386/seasonal-timing-of-infant-bronchiolitis-apnea-and-sudden-unexplained-infant-death
#14
Chantel D Sloan, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Christian Rosas-Salazar, Pingsheng Wu, Kecia N Carroll, Edward Mitchel, Larry J Anderson, Emma K Larkin, Tina V Hartert
Rates of Sudden Unexplained Infant Death (SUID), bronchiolitis, and central apnea increase in winter in temperate climates. Though associations between these three conditions are suggested, more work is required to establish if there is a causal pathway linking bronchiolitis to SUID through inducing central apnea. Utilizing a large population-based cohort of infants studied over a 20-year period (n = 834,595, from birth years 1989-2009)), we analyzed ecological associations between timing of SUID cases, bronchiolitis, and apnea healthcare visits...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362774/evolutionary-diversity-of-suid-herpesvirus-1-based-on-ul44-partial-sequences
#15
Antônio Augusto Fonseca, Marcelo Fernandes Camargos, Aline Aparecida Silva Barbosa, Valdênia Lopes Silva Gonçalves, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Jenner K Pimenta Dos Reis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use partial Ul44 sequences (glycoprotein C) of Suid herpesvirus 1 to examine the evolution and dynamics of the virus in different periods and hosts. METHODS: Phylogenetic trees were constructed using the software MrBayes after analysis in the software jModelTest to evaluate the best phylogenetic models. The software SplitsTree 4.0 was used to create phylogenetic networks, and the BEAST program was used to generate data on phylogeography...
2016: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357597/evidence-of-aujeszky-s-disease-in-wild-boar-in-serbia
#16
V Milicevic, S Radojicic, M Valcic, V Ivovic, V Radosavljevic
BACKGROUND: Aujeszky's disease is a viral disease of suids caused by Suid Herpesvirus 1. The disease has worldwide distribution with significant economic impact. In Serbia, there is neither an Aujeszky's disease eradication nor national vaccination programme of domestic pigs. Since clinical symptoms of Aujeszky's disease are not specific, it is important to establish a link between clinical signs and presence of ADV active infection in wild boars. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of active infection within wild boar showing signs of ADV and also to examine relationship between isolates from domestic pigs and wild boar...
June 30, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113380/death-scene-investigation-and-autopsy-practices-in-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths
#17
Alexa B Erck Lambert, Sharyn E Parks, Lena Camperlengo, Carri Cottengim, Rebecca L Anderson, Theresa M Covington, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) investigations among states participating in the SUID Case Registry from 2010 through 2012. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed observational data from 770 SUID cases identified and entered into the National Child Death Review Case Reporting System. We examined data on autopsy and death scene investigation (DSI) components, including key information about the infant sleep environment. We calculated the percentage of components that were complete, incomplete, and missing/unknown...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966207/complete-coding-genome-sequence-of-a-putative-novel-teschovirus-serotype-12-strain
#18
C Cano-Gómez, M A Jiménez-Clavero
Porcine teschoviruses are ubiquitous and prevalent viruses generally harmless to their hosts, the suids. Here, we report the first complete coding genome sequence of a putative new serotype of porcine teschovirus (PTV-12), strain CC25, isolated from fecal material from a healthy pig in Spain.
2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798112/genome-sequences-of-two-pseudorabies-virus-strains-isolated-in-greece
#19
Konstantinos V Papageorgiou, Nicolás M Suárez, Gavin S Wilkie, George Filioussis, Nikolaos Papaioannou, Hans J Nauwynck, Andrew J Davison, Spyridon K Kritas
Pseudorabies virus (species Suid herpesvirus 1) belongs to the genus Varicellovirus, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, family Herpesviridae, and is the causative agent of an acute and frequently fatal disease that affects mainly pigs. Here, we report the genome sequences of two strains of this virus isolated in Greece in 2010.
January 21, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791626/exploring-morphological-generality-in-the-old-world-monkey-postcranium-using-an-ecomorphological-framework
#20
Sarah Elton, Anna-Ulla Jansson, Carlo Meloro, Julien Louys, Thomas Plummer, Laura C Bishop
Nearly all primates are ecologically dependent on trees, but they are nonetheless found in an enormous range of habitats, from highly xeric environments to dense rainforest. Most primates have a relatively 'generalised' skeleton, enabling locomotor flexibility and facilitating other crucial functions, such as manual foraging and grooming. This paper explores the associations between habitat, locomotion and morphology in the forelimbs of cercopithecids (Old World monkeys), contextualising their skeletal ecomorphological patterns with those of other mammals, and complementing functional morphological analyses with phylogenetic comparative techniques...
April 2016: Journal of Anatomy
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