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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721443/first-isolation-and-molecular-characterization-of-suid-herpesvirus-type-1-from-a-domestic-dog-in-argentina
#1
Maria Soledad Serena, Germán Ernesto Metz, Maria Ines Lozada, Carolina Gabriela Aspitia, Edgardo Héctor Nicolino, Claudio Luis Pidone, Melisa Fossaroli, Agustin Balsalobre, Maria Alejandra Quiroga, Maria Gabriela Echeverria
Since Aujeszky`s disease (pseudorabies), which is caused by Suid herpesvirus type 1 (SuHV-1), was first notified in Argentina in 1978, many SuHV-1 strains have been isolated from swine. However, this disease can affect other vertebrates, such as dogs (secondary hosts), and lead to fatal neurological disease. The objective of the current work is to report the first isolation and molecular characterization of SuHV-1 from a dead domestic dog from Santa Fe Province (Argentina), which had had nervous signs compatible with pseudorabies...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666137/the-french-prospective-multisite-registry-on-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-omin-rationale-and-study-protocol
#2
Karine Levieux, Hugues Patural, Inge Harrewijn, Elisabeth Briand Huchet, Sophie de Visme, Géraldine Gallot, Martin Chalumeau, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Matthieu Hanf
INTRODUCTION: Even after 'back-to-sleep' campaigns, sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) continues to be the leading cause of death for infants 1 month to 1 year old in developed countries, with devastating social, psychological and legal implications for families. To sustainably tackle this problem and decrease the number of SUIDs, a French SUID registry was initiated in 2015 to (1) inform prevention with standardised data, (2) understand the mechanisms leading to SUID and the contribution of the already known or newly suggested risk factors and (3) gather a multidisciplinary group of experts to coordinate and develop innovative and urgent research in the SUID area...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556501/a-review-of-classical-swine-fever-virus-and-routes-of-introduction-into-the-united-states-and-the-potential-for-virus-establishment
#3
REVIEW
Vienna R Brown, Sarah N Bevins
Classical swine fever (CSF) is caused by CSF virus (CSFV) which can be the source of substantial morbidity and mortality events in affected swine. The disease can take one of several forms (acute, chronic, or prenatal) and depending on the virulence of the inoculating strain may result in a lethal infection irrespective of the form acquired. Because of the disease-free status of the United States and the high cost of a viral incursion, a summary of US vulnerabilities for viral introduction and persistence is provided...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524059/vaccination-against-porcine-circovirus-2-reduces-severity-of-tuberculosis-in-wild-boar
#4
David Risco, María Bravo, Remigio Martínez, Almudena Torres, Pilar Gonçalves, Jesús Cuesta, Waldo García-Jiménez, Rosario Cerrato, Rocío Iglesias, Javier Galapero, Emmanuel Serrano, Luis Gómez, Pedro Fernández-Llario, Javier Hermoso de Mendoza
Tuberculosis (TB) in wild boar (Sus scrofa) may be affected by coinfections with other pathogens, such as porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). Therefore, sanitary measures focused on controlling PCV2 could be useful in reducing the impact of TB in this wild suid. The aim of this study was to explore whether vaccination against PCV2 targeting young animals affects TB prevalence and TB severity in wild boar. The study was conducted on a game estate in mid-western Spain. Seventy animals of ages ranging from 4 to 8 months were captured, individually identified, vaccinated against PCV2 and released, forming a vaccinated group...
March 9, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520985/seroprevalence-of-mycobacterium-bovis-infection-in-warthogs-phacochoerus-africanus-in-bovine-tuberculosis-endemic-regions-of-south-africa
#5
E O Roos, F Olea-Popelka, P Buss, L-M de Klerk-Lorist, D Cooper, P D van Helden, S D C Parsons, M A Miller
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis), has been reported in many species including suids. Wild boar are important maintenance hosts of the infection with other suids, that is domestic and feral pigs, being important spillover hosts in the Eurasian ecosystem and in South Africa, warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus) may play a similar role in M. bovis-endemic areas. However, novel diagnostic tests for warthogs are required to investigate the epidemiology of bTB in this species. Recent studies have demonstrated that serological assays are capable of discriminating between M...
March 8, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489860/phylodynamics-and-evolutionary-epidemiology-of-african-swine-fever-p72-cvr-genes-in-eurasia-and-africa
#6
Moh A Alkhamis, Carmina Gallardo, Cristina Jurado, Alejandro Soler, Marisa Arias, José M Sánchez-Vizcaíno
African swine fever (ASF) is a complex infectious disease of swine that constitutes devastating impacts on animal health and the world economy. Here, we investigated the evolutionary epidemiology of ASF virus (ASFV) in Eurasia and Africa using the concatenated gene sequences of the viral protein 72 and the central variable region of isolates collected between 1960 and 2015. We used Bayesian phylodynamic models to reconstruct the evolutionary history of the virus, to identify virus population demographics and to quantify dispersal patterns between host species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484670/plasma-temperature-during-methylene-blue-light-treatment-influences-virus-inactivation-capacity-and-product-quality
#7
U Gravemann, W Handke, C Sumian, I Alvarez, S Reichenberg, T H Müller, A Seltsam
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic treatment using methylene blue (MB) and visible light is in routine use for pathogen inactivation of human plasma in different countries. Ambient and product temperature conditions for human plasma during production may vary between production sites. The influence of different temperature conditions on virus inactivation capacity and plasma quality of the THERAFLEX MB-Plasma procedure was investigated in this study. METHODS: Plasma units equilibrated to 5 ± 2°C, room temperature (22 ± 2°C) or 30 ± 2°C were treated with MB/light and comparatively assessed for the inactivation capacity for three different viruses, concentrations of MB and its photoproducts, activity of various plasma coagulation factors and clotting time...
February 27, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479813/sudden-infant-death-and-sleep-practices-in-the-black-community
#8
Deborah Stiffler, Brook Ayres, Cheyenne Fauvergue, Deborah Cullen
PURPOSE: A Black infant dies every 13 hours in the state of Indiana. The overall infant mortality rate in 2013 was 7.2 deaths per 1000 live births, but for Black infants, the rate was 15.3 deaths per 1000 live births. For over 20 years, placing an infant to sleep on his back has decreased the death rate from sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), but many Black families continue to advocate bed sharing, prone sleeping, and inappropriate bedding/sleep surfaces, predisposing an infant to a significantly higher risk for SUID/SIDS...
April 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477184/evidence-for-rapid-faunal-change-in-the-early-miocene-of-east-africa-based-on-revised-biostratigraphic-and-radiometric-dating-of-bukwa-uganda
#9
Susanne Cote, John Kingston, Alan Deino, Alisa Winkler, Robert Kityo, Laura MacLatchy
Field expeditions to Bukwa in the late 1960s and early 1970s established that the site had a small but diverse early Miocene fauna, including the catarrhine primate Limnopithecus legetet. Initial potassium-argon radiometric dating indicated that Bukwa was 22 Ma, making it the oldest of the East African early Miocene fossil localities known at the time. In contrast, the fauna collected from Bukwa was similar to other fossil localities in the region that were several million years younger. This discrepancy was never resolved, and due to the paucity of primate remains at the site, little subsequent research took place...
March 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468165/a-review-of-african-swine-fever-and-the-potential-for-introduction-into-the-united-states-and-the-possibility-of-subsequent-establishment-in-feral-swine-and-native-ticks
#10
REVIEW
Vienna R Brown, Sarah N Bevins
African swine fever (ASF) is caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV), which can cause substantial morbidity and mortality events in swine. The virus can be transmitted via direct and indirect contacts with infected swine, their products, or competent vector species, especially Ornithodoros ticks. Africa and much of Eastern Europe are endemic for ASF; a viral introduction to countries that are currently ASF free could have severe economic consequences due to the loss of production from infected animals and the trade restrictions that would likely be imposed as a result of an outbreak...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452740/trends-in-the-incidence-of-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-in-the-newborn-1995-2014
#11
Joel L Bass, Tina Gartley, David A Lyczkowski, Ronald Kleinman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) over a 20-year period in the US, to assess the potential frequency of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse in the early days of life, and to determine if SUID rates in the neonatal period (0-27 days) have changed in parallel with rates in the postneonatal periods, including the percentages attributed to codes that include accidental suffocation. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Linked Birth/Infant Death Records for 1995-2014 were analyzed for the first hour, day, week, and month of life...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440504/national-and-state-trends-in-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-1990-2015
#12
Alexa B Erck Lambert, Sharyn E Parks, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Sharp declines in sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) in the 1990s and a diagnostic shift from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to unknown cause and accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed (ASSB) in 1999-2001 have been documented. We examined trends in SUID and SIDS, unknown cause, and ASSB from 1990 to 2015 and compared state-specific SUID rates to identify significant trends that may be used to inform SUID prevention efforts. METHODS: We used data from US mortality files to evaluate national and state-specific SUID rates (deaths per 100 000 live births) for 1990-2015...
February 12, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439297/state-of-south-dakota-s-child-2017
#13
Ann L Wilson, Tyler Hemmingson, Brad Randall
There was a slight decrease in 2016 from 2015 in the total number of live births in South Dakota, but it was the fifth consecutive year that there were more than 12,000 newborns in the state. Nearly one-quarter of South Dakota's births represent minority populations mirroring what is observed nationally. Infant mortality in South Dakota dropped to its lowest ever rate per 1,000 live births (4.8) in 2016. Fewer births of less than 500 g newborns, increased survival of very low birth weight newborns, and a decrease in deaths due to congenital anomalies contributed to this low mortality rate...
January 2018: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388363/zoonotic-pathogens-from-feral-swine-that-pose-a-significant-threat-to-public-health
#14
REVIEW
V R Brown, R A Bowen, A M Bosco-Lauth
The natural fecundity of suids, great ability to adapt to new habitats and desire for local hunting opportunities leading to translocation of feral pigs to regions where they are not yet established have all been instrumental in the home range expansion of feral swine. Feral swine populations in the United States continue to expand, wreaking havoc on agricultural lands, further compromising threatened and endangered species, and posing a microbiological threat to humans, domestic livestock and companion animals...
January 31, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279082/spatial-multi-criteria-decision-analysis-for-modelling-suitable-habitats-of-ornithodoros-soft-ticks-in-the-western-palearctic-region
#15
L Vial, E Ducheyne, S Filatov, A Gerilovych, D S McVey, I Sindryakova, S Morgunov, A A Pérez de León, D Kolbasov, E M De Clercq
Ticks are economically and medically important ectoparasites due to the injuries inflicted through their bite, and their ability to transmit pathogens to humans, livestock, and wildlife. Whereas hard ticks have been intensively studied, little is known about soft ticks, even though they can also transmit pathogens, including African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) affecting domestic and wild suids or Borrelia bacteria causing tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) in humans. We thus developed a regional model to identify suitable spatial areas for a community of nine Ornithodoros tick species (O...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250528/questionnaire-based-assessment-of-wild-boar-domestic-pig-interactions-and-implications-for-disease-risk-management-in-corsica
#16
Ferran Jori, Anne Relun, Bastien Trabucco, François Charrier, Oscar Maestrini, David Chavernac, Daniel Cornelis, François Casabianca, Eric Marcel Charles Etter
Wild boars and domestic pigs belong to the same species ( Sus scrofa ). When sympatric populations of wild boars, feral pigs, and domestic pigs share the same environment, interactions between domestic and wild suids (IDWS) are suspected to facilitate the spread and maintenance of several pig pathogens which can impact on public health and pig production. However, information on the nature and factors facilitating those IDWS are rarely described in the literature. In order to understand the occurrence, nature, and the factors facilitating IDWS, a total of 85 semi-structured interviews were implemented face to face among 25 strict farmers, 20 strict hunters, and 40 hunting farmers in the main traditional pig-farming regions of Corsica, where IDWS are suspected to be common and widespread...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173594/serological-evidence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-zoo-animals-and-identification-of-a-rodent-borne-strain-in-a-syrian-brown-bear
#17
Carina Spahr, René Ryll, Tobias Knauf-Witzens, Thomas W Vahlenkamp, Rainer G Ulrich, Reimar Johne
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent of hepatitis E, an emerging infectious disease of humans. HEV infections have also been described in various animal species. Whereas domestic pigs and wild boars are well-known animal reservoirs for HEV, the knowledge on natural HEV infection in zoo animals is scarce so far. Here, we analysed 244 sera from 66 mammal species derived from three zoos in Germany using a commercial double antigen sandwich ELISA. HEV-specific antibodies were detected in 16 animal species, with the highest detection rates in suids (33...
December 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982018/evidence-of-pseudorabies-virus-shedding-in-feral-swine-sus-scrofa-populations-of-florida-usa
#18
Felipe A Hernández, Katherine A Sayler, Courtney Bounds, Michael P Milleson, Amanda N Carr, Samantha M Wisely
:  Feral swine ( Sus scrofa) are a pathogen reservoir for pseudorabies virus (PrV). The virus can be fatal to wildlife and contributes to economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. National surveillance efforts in the US use serology to detect PrV-specific antibodies in feral swine populations, but PrV exposure is not a direct indicator of pathogen transmission among conspecifics or to non-suid wildlife species. We measured antibody production and the presence of PrV DNA in four tissue types from feral swine populations of Florida, US...
January 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942051/clinical-cystoisosporosis-associated-to-porcine-cytomegalovirus-pcmv-suid-herpesvirus-2-infection-in-fattening-pigs
#19
Walter Basso, Hanna Marti, Monika Hilbe, Titus Sydler, Anina Stahel, Esther Bürgi, Xaver Sidler
Cystoisospora (syn. Isospora) suis is the causative agent of neonatal porcine coccidiosis and one of the main causes of diarrhoea in suckling piglets worldwide. Infection with porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV, Suid herpesvirus 2) causes inclusion body rhinitis in pigs. In a Swiss pig herd (n=2 boars, 7 sows, 2 gilts, 18 finishing pigs, 30 fattening pigs, 54 suckling piglets), an outbreak of PCMV infection with high morbidity in all age categories, characterized by fever, anorexia, reduced general condition, respiratory signs and increased piglet mortality, was diagnosed by histopathology and molecular methods...
December 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934946/genome-wide-snp-data-unveils-the-globalization-of-domesticated-pigs
#20
Bin Yang, Leilei Cui, Miguel Perez-Enciso, Aleksei Traspov, Richard P M A Crooijmans, Natalia Zinovieva, Lawrence B Schook, Alan Archibald, Kesinee Gatphayak, Christophe Knorr, Alex Triantafyllidis, Panoraia Alexandri, Gono Semiadi, Olivier Hanotte, Deodália Dias, Peter Dovč, Pekka Uimari, Laura Iacolina, Massimo Scandura, Martien A M Groenen, Lusheng Huang, Hendrik-Jan Megens
BACKGROUND: Pigs were domesticated independently in Eastern and Western Eurasia early during the agricultural revolution, and have since been transported and traded across the globe. Here, we present a worldwide survey on 60K genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data for 2093 pigs, including 1839 domestic pigs representing 122 local and commercial breeds, 215 wild boars, and 39 out-group suids, from Asia, Europe, America, Oceania and Africa. The aim of this study was to infer global patterns in pig domestication and diversity related to demography, migration, and selection...
September 21, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
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