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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684337/how-the-degree-of-instrumental-practice-in-music-increases-perceptual-sensitivity
#1
Alice Mado Proverbio, Eleonora Bellini
Literature has shown that playing a musical instrument is associated with the formation of multimodal audio visuomotor representations that are strongly instrument-specific. Here, we investigated the effect of increased motor practice on perceptual sensitivity in 32 professional musicians of comparable expertise but with different amounts of instrumental practice with piano (10,000 vs. 3,000 estimated hours). Stimuli consisted of images of pianists' hands and piano arpeggio sounds. In half of the cases, the piano fingering and piano sounds were congruent, while they were incongruent in the other cases...
April 20, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684122/technical-quality-of-delivery-care-in-private-and-public-sector-health-facilities-in-enugu-and-lagos-states-nigeria
#2
Atsumi Hirose, Ibrahim O Yisa, Amina Aminu, Nathanael Afolabi, Makinde Olasunmbo, George Oluka, Khalilu Muhammad, Julia Hussein
Private-sector providers are increasingly being recognized as important contributors to the delivery of healthcare. Countries with high disease burdens and limited public-sector resources are considering using the private sector to achieve universal health coverage. However, evidence for the technical quality of private-sector care is lacking. This study assesses the technical quality of maternal healthcare during delivery in public- and private-sector facilities in resource-limited settings, from a systems and programmatic perspective...
April 18, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684015/cryosurgery-for-the-treatment-of-cutaneous-sporotrichosis-in-four-pregnant-women
#3
Vivian Fichman, Antonio Carlos Francesconi do Valle, Priscila Marques de Macedo, Dayvison Francis Saraiva Freitas, Manoel Marques Evangelista de Oliveira, Rodrigo Almeida-Paes, Maria Clara Gutierrez-Galhardo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with sporotrichosis should not receive systemic antifungal therapy except in severe cases when amphotericin B is recommended. Thermotherapy is the most reported treatment described in this group of patients. It entails weeks of daily self-application of heat to the lesions, requires that the patient faithfully apply it, and it could cause skin burns. Cryosurgery is a useful therapeutic tool for many cutaneous infectious diseases, safe for pregnant women, but not well evaluated for sporotrichosis treatment in this group...
April 23, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683881/gastric-type-adenocarcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors
#4
Kye Jin Park, Mi-Hyun Kim, Jeong Kon Kim, Kyoung-Sik Cho
OBJECTIVE: Gastric-type mucinous adenocarcinoma (GAS) of uterine cervix has been suggested as distinct clinicopathologic behavior. Our study aimed to investigate the distinguishing imaging features and clinical outcomes of GAS. METHODS: Fifteen cases of GAS and 45 cases of 3:1 age-matched usual-type endocervical carcinoma (UEA) were assessed. Clinical parameters (age, tumor size, clinical stage, and time to recurrence [TTR] or death) and pathologic results confirmed by surgery were recorded...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683856/seroconversion-on-prep-a-case-report-with-segmental-hair-analysis-for-timed-adherence-determination
#5
Joshua T Thaden, Monica Gandhi, Hideaki Okochi, Christopher B Hurt, Mehri S McKellar
OBJECTIVE: We describe the third case report of seroconversion with multidrug resistant (MDR)-HIV despite pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir (TFV) disoproxil (TDF). DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: PrEP adherence was assessed via self-report, pharmacy records, and measuring TFV/FTC levels with liquid-chromatography/tandem-mass-spectrometry in plasma and hair. Segmental hair analysis was performed to assess PrEP adherence over prior months...
April 19, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683717/is-there-lexical-competition-in-the-recognition-of-l2-words-for-different-script-bilinguals-an-examination-using-masked-priming-with-japanese-english-bilinguals
#6
Mariko Nakayama, Stephen J Lupker
The present research examined whether a lexical competition process operates when different-script bilinguals process L2 words. In masked priming lexical decision experiments (67 ms prime duration), word neighbor primes facilitated target identification for Japanese-English bilinguals (Experiment 1) although the same primes produced inhibitory effects for L1 English readers (Experiment 2). Subsequent experiments confirmed that the facilitory priming effects are reliable (Experiment 4), and are not due to bilinguals' inability to process masked L2 primes to the lexical level (Experiments 3 and 4) or bilinguals relying on sublexical activation from neighbor primes in responding to upper-case English targets (Experiment 5)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683713/overloaded-and-stressed-a-case-study-of-women-working-in-the-health-care-sector
#7
Maggie Stevenson, Linda Duxbury
Although role overload has been shown to be prevalent and consequential, there has been little attempt to develop the associated theory. The fact that the consequences of role overload can be positive or negative implies that the relationship between role overload and perceived stress depends partly on the environment within which role overload is experienced (i.e., the perceived situation) and how the situation is evaluated (i.e., appraised). Guided by cognitive appraisal theory, this study applies qualitative methodology to identify the situation properties that contribute to variable stress reactions to role overload...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683701/exploring-evidence-of-a-dissociative-subtype-in-ptsd-baseline-symptom-structure-etiology-and-treatment-efficacy-for-those-who-dissociate
#8
Mark S Burton, Norah C Feeny, Arin M Connell, Lori A Zoellner
OBJECTIVE: With the inclusion of a dissociative subtype, recent changes to the DSM-5 diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have emphasized the role of dissociation in the experience and treatment of the disorder. However, there is a lack of research exploring the clinical impact for highly dissociative groups receiving treatment for PTSD. The current study examined the presence and clinical impact of a dissociative subtype in a sample of individuals receiving treatment for chronic PTSD...
May 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683035/is-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-related-thrombosis-associated-with-abo-blood-group-a-case-control-pilot-study
#9
Raad A Haddad, Yanal Alnimer, Ahmed Abdalla, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Ghassan Bachuwa
Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) use is associated with many complications including line-related thrombosis. Several studies and meta-analyses confirmed the increased risk to develop venous thromboembolism in non-O blood group individuals. Our pilot study aimed to examine whether PICC-related thrombosis is influenced by ABO blood group. We identified patients admitted to Hurley Medical Center between March 2012 and March 2016 who had PICC placed during their admission, had their ABO blood group identified in their medical record, and had upper extremity venous Doppler ultrasound performed on the same side of PICC...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683008/first-trimester-combined-screening-biochemistry-in-detection-of-congenital-heart-defects
#10
Julia Alanen, Teemu Korpimaki, Heikki Kouru, Mikko Sairanen, Markku Leskinen, Mika Gissler, Markku Ryynanen, Jaana Nevalainen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of first trimester biochemical markers, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), free beta human chorionic gonadotropin (fβ-hCG), and nuchal translucency (NT) in detection of severe congenital heart defects (CHDs). METHODS: During the study period from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2011, biochemical markers and NT were measured in 31,144 women as part of voluntary first trimester screening program for Down's syndrome in Northern Finland...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682758/dissociation-of-frontal-midline-delta-theta-and-posterior-alpha-oscillations-a-mobile-eeg-study
#11
Mingli Liang, Michael J Starrett, Arne D Ekstrom
Numerous reports have demonstrated low-frequency oscillations during navigation using invasive recordings in the hippocampus of both rats and human patients. Given evidence, in some cases, of low-frequency synchronization between midline cortex and hippocampus, it is also possible that low-frequency movement-related oscillations manifest in healthy human neocortex. However, this possibility remains largely unexplored, in part due to the difficulties of coupling free ambulation and effective scalp EEG recordings...
April 22, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682736/medical-comorbidities-in-patients-with-lichen-planopilaris-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#12
Raymond M Fertig, Shasa Hu, Austin J Maddy, Alexandra Balaban, Nouf Aleid, Adam Aldahan, Antonella Tosti
BACKGROUND: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a rare inflammatory lymphocyte-mediated disease of the scalp considered to have an autoimmune pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence of medical comorbidities in patients with classic LPP (CLPP) and frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). METHODS: The medical records of 206 LPP patients and 323 control patients were retrospectively reviewed for existing comorbidities. The control group consisted of 257 patients with androgenetic alopecia (ICD 9 = 704...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682664/liquid-marble-coalescence-via-vertical-collision
#13
Jing Jin, Chin Hong Ooi, Dzung Viet Dao, Nam-Trung Nguyen
The coalescence process of liquid marbles is vital to their promising roles as reactors or mixers in digital microfluidics. However, the underlying mechanisms and critical conditions of liquid marble coalescence are not well understood. This paper studies the coalescence process of two equally-sized liquid marbles via vertical collision aided by dielectrophoretic handling. A liquid marble was picked up using the dielectrophoretic force and then dropped vertically onto another liquid marble resting on a hydrophobic powder bed...
April 23, 2018: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682391/a-case-of-prostatic-carcinoma-manifesting-as-cutaneous-facial-nodule
#14
Israel Antonio Esquivel-Pinto, Bertha Torres-Alvarez, Ramiro Jetzabel Gómez-Villa, Juan Pablo Castanedo-Cázares
Prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer worldwide and the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths among men. Cutaneous metastasis is an uncommon phenomenon in prostatic cancer, occurring in 0.06-0.3% of cases. Case Presentation. A 56-year-old man presented to our outpatient clinic with a one-month history of a 1.5 cm in diameter, solitary, asymptomatic, purple nodule located on his upper right cheek. After biopsy, prostatic cancer metastasis was diagnosed. Discussion. A literature review revealed 59 articles documenting 71 cases of this diagnosis...
2018: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682026/prognostic-implications-of-histological-clear-cells-in-high-grade-intracranial-ependymal-tumors-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#15
Fauzan Alam Hashmi, Hamid Hussain Rai, Muhammad Faheem Khan, Muhammad Ehsan Bari
Background: Clear cell variant in ependymal tumors is rare. We aimed to compare the features and outcome of the World Health Organization (WHO) Grade 3 ependymal tumors with clear cells to the WHO Grade 3 classic anaplastic ependymoma (AE). Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery, Aga Khan University, Pakistan, from 2003 to 2013. The medical records and radiology of patients with proven histopathology were reviewed...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682022/radiofrequency-and-methylprednisolone-in-treatment-of-lower-back-pain-caused-by-facet-joint-syndrome-comparison-of-the-outcomes
#16
Dagistan Yasar, Okmen Korgun, Dagistan Emine
Introduction: In this trial we have discussed the outcomes of radiofrequency ablation and methylprednisolone treatment in cases diagnosed with facet syndrome; and effects of treatment modality on quality of life is evaluated by visual analogue scale and Oswestry Disability Index. Materials and Methods: This prospective, study was conducted with 100 patients with diagnosis of facet joint syndrome. Patients, benefited from diagnostic block, were separated into two groups, with 50 cases in each...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682021/coccygectomy-for-coccygodynia-a-single-center-experience-over-5-years
#17
Arif Hussain Sarmast, Altaf Rehman Kirmani, Abdul Rashid Bhat
Introduction: Coccygodynia refers to a pathological condition in which pain occurs in the coccyx or its immediate vicinity. The pain is usually provoked by sitting or rising from sitting. Several studies have reported good or excellent results after coccygectomy especially in patients who are refractory to conservative treatment. Aims and Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the role and effectiveness of coccygectomy in chronic refractory coccygodynia. Materials and Methods: Between January 2011 and January 2015, 16 consecutive patients (4 males and 12 females) who underwent surgical coccygectomy were enrolled prospectively in the study...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682014/neurosurgical-interventions-for-occipital-encephalocele
#18
Lal Rehman, Ghulam Farooq, Irum Bukhari
Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to find the outcome of repair and resection of the occipital encephalocele. Study Design: Case series. Materials and Methods: The clinical data of fifty consecutive occipital encephalocele patients were retrieved from medical records including operative notes, postoperative follow-up visits, and postsurgical complications were noted for analysis from November 2009 to November 2013 at the Department of Neurosurgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682013/traumatic-posterior-fossa-extradural-hematoma-experience-at-level-i-trauma-center
#19
Satish Kumar Verma, Sachin Anil Borkar, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Vivek Tandon, Hitesh Kumar Gurjar, Sumit Sinha, Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Deepak Gupta, Deepak Agarwal, Bhawani Shankar Sharma
Introduction: Posterior fossa extradural hematoma (PFEDH) is rare among the traumatic brain injury and represent about 4-7% cases of all EDHs. This rare condition is rapidly fatal unless identified and intervened timely. Because of limited space in posterior fossa, comparatively small volume can cause clinical deterioration. Early diagnosis by cranial computed tomography and emergent evacuation is vital for a good outcome. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at Level I trauma center at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682012/depressed-fractures-of-skull-an-institutional-series-of-453-patients-and-brief-review-of-literature
#20
Anand Prakash, Viraat Harsh, Utkarsh Gupta, Jayendra Kumar, Anil Kumar
Background: There has been a substantial increase in the number of cases with head injuries in the past two decades which has simultaneously led to increase in the annual incidence of depressed fractures of skull. Most of these skull fractures are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality of patients and an unavoidable financial burden on the family members. However, many changes have been undertaken directed toward improved management of patients with head injuries and skull fractures in the past 20 years...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
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