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Depression and elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773946/utility-of-the-care-dependency-scale-in-predicting-care-needs-and-health-risks-of-elderly-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-unit-a-cross-sectional-study-of-200-consecutive-patients
#1
Halina Doroszkiewicz, Matylda Sierakowska, Marta Muszalik
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Polish version of the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) in predicting care needs and health risks of elderly patients admitted to a geriatric unit. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 200 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years, chronologically admitted to a geriatrics unit in Poland. The study was carried out using the Polish version of the CDS questionnaire to evaluate biopsychosocial needs and the level of care dependency...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773162/psychopharmacology-and-cardiovascular-disease
#2
REVIEW
Ileana L Piña, Katherine E Di Palo, Hector O Ventura
This review discusses common mental health disorders and their associations with cardiovascular disease risks. Commonly found mental health disorders include depression, anxiety, and personality types. The link between depression and cardiovascular disease mortality has been established. Depression is also common in patients with heart failure. In addition to discussing psychological disorders, a review of psychotropic drugs is also included. Drugs are described for therapy for depression and anxiety, as well as associations with cardiovascular drug-drug interactions...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761827/factors-related-to-dissociation-between-objective-and-subjective-masticatory-function-in-japanese-community-dwelling-elderly-adults
#3
Murakami Masaharu, Yutaka Watanabe, Edahiro Ayako, Yuki Ohara, Obuchi Shuichi, Kawai Hisashi, Hunkyung Kim, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Ihara Kazushige, Murakami Masato, Hirohiko Hirano
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians' evaluations of older adults sometimes reveal inconsistencies between objective and subjective dental status. This study investigated which factors contribute both to good objective masticatory function (OMF) and the poor subjective masticatory function (SMF) that often becomes a clinical issue. METHODS: Study participants included 635 elderly community-dwelling Japanese adults who underwent a comprehensive geriatric health examination in 2012...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761589/prevalence-and-effect-factors-of-dementia-among-the-community-elderly-in-chongqing-china
#4
Jing Deng, Cheng Cao, Yi Jiang, Bin Peng, Tingting Wang, Ke Yan, Jingxi Lian, Zengzi Wang
BACKGROUND: China is an ageing society, with around 150 million people aged 60 years or older. The prevalence of dementia will increase by more than 100% in the coming 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of dementia among the community elderly in Chongqing, China. METHODS: Cluster sampling was adopted. A sample of elderly individuals aged 60 years and older was extracted as research subjects from three counties within Chongqing, China...
May 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760253/deprescribing-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#5
Kevin Pottie, Wade Thompson, Simon Davies, Jean Grenier, Cheryl A Sadowski, Vivian Welch, Anne Holbrook, Cynthia Boyd, Robert Swenson, Andy Ma, Barbara Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper and stop benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs); to focus on the highest level of evidence available and seek input from primary care professionals in the guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. METHODS: The overall team comprised 8 clinicians (1 family physician, 2 psychiatrists, 1 clinical psychologist, 1 clinical pharmacologist, 2 clinical pharmacists, and 1 geriatrician) and a methodologist; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756417/dehydroepiandrosterone-and-erectile-function-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Ahmed I El-Sakka
To review the contemporary knowledge regarding the dehydroepiandrosterone and erectile function. Medline was reviewed for English-language journal articles spanning the time between January 1990 and December 2017, using the terms 'erectile function', 'dehydroepiandrosterone'. We used Journal Articles and review articles that found to be relevant to the purpose of this review. Criteria included all pertinent review articles, randomized controlled trials with tight methodological design, cohort studies and retrospective analyses...
May 11, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753126/23-valent-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-elicits-hierarchical-antibody-and-cellular-responses-in-healthy-and-tuberculosis-cured-elderly-and-hiv-1-infected-subjects
#7
Huichang Huang, Xiaohua Qian, Rong Pan, Ling Shen, Shanshan Liang, Feifei Wang, Peng Zhang, Hongbo Shen, Zheng W Chen
The PPV23 immunizes healthy elderly and other high-risk populations against pneumococcal disease. Immune mechanisms whereby these populations differently mount antibody(Ab) and cellular responses to PPV23 vaccination remain unknown. Here, healthy elderly, those elderly with prior tuberculosis-cured history (TB-cured), and HIV-infected humans were vaccinated with PPV23, and assessed for opsonophagocytic Ab responses and potential cellular mechanisms. PPV23 vaccination elicited hierarchical responses of opsonophagocytic Ab...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750673/quality-of-life-perception-cognitive-function-and-psychological-status-in-a-real-world-population-of-glioblastoma-patients-treated-with-radiotherapy-and-temozolomide-a-single-center-prospective-study
#8
Giuseppe Lombardi, Eleonora Bergo, Paola Del Bianco, Luisa Bellu, Ardi Pambuku, Mario Caccese, Leonardo Trentin, Vittorina Zagonel
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL), cognitive function, and psychological status represent an important focus during the treatment of glioblastoma patients. Nevertheless, few randomized, prospective clinical trials have analyzed these factors, and very little is known in the real-clinical world. We evaluated these characteristics in glioblastoma patients treated with standard first-line therapy outside clinical trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 111 newly, histologically diagnosed glioblastoma patients treated at our oncology center with radiotherapy and temozolomide were prospectively enrolled...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749006/predictors-of-recurrence-in-remitted-late-life-depression
#9
Yi Deng, Douglas R McQuoid, Guy G Potter, David C Steffens, Kimberly Albert, Meghan Riddle, John L Beyer, Warren D Taylor
BACKGROUND: Late-life depression (LLD) is associated with a fragile antidepressant response and high recurrence risk. This study examined what measures predict recurrence in remitted LLD. METHODS: Individuals of age 60 years or older with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - IV (DSM-IV) diagnosis of major depressive disorder were enrolled in the neurocognitive outcomes of depression in the elderly study. Participants received manualized antidepressant treatment and were followed longitudinally for an average of 5 years...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747721/longitudinal-changes-in-quality-of-life-among-elderly-people-with-and-without-dementia
#10
A E Ydstebø, S Bergh, G Selbæk, J Šaltytė Benth, K Brønnick, C Vossius
ABSTRACTObjective:To study longitudinal changes in the quality of life (QoL) in persons with and without dementia, and explore the factors associated with baseline QoL and changes of QoL over the follow-up period. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Data were collected from 17 municipalities in Norway in the period from January 2009 to August 2012. A total of 412 persons were included, 254 (61.7 %) persons without dementia and 158 (38.3 %) with dementia at baseline...
May 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744611/association-between-dietary-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-with-depression-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mehran Rahimlou, Nava Morshedzadeh, Soheila Karimi, Sima Jafarirad
BACKGROUND: A combination of genetic and environmental factors is involved in depression etiology. During the last years, the prevalence of depression has increased in both developed and developing countries. Several studies indicated an association between dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) with risk of depression. This systematic review was undertaken to summarize the effect of these diet indicators in depression pathogenesis. METHODS: A comprehensive search strategy was performed in the Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Scopus databases from 1966 to March 2017...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740553/development-and-validation-of-exercise-rehabilitation-program-for-cognitive-function-and-activity-of-daily-living-improvement-in-mild-dementia-elderly
#12
Mi-Ri Choi, Ji-Youn Kim, Eun-Surk Yi
We investigated the effect of exercise rehabilitation based on fine motor movement for the elderly with mild dementia. Using electroencephalogram (EEG), the change of brain wave of them based on fine motor movement and comparing the improvement level of cognitive ability and performance capability in daily living activity was recorded. The subjects were the elderly with mild dementia living in a sanatorium in Incheon city. Mini-Mental Status Examination, activity of daily living (ADL), and the influence on depression were examined...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738272/fall-episodes-in-elderly-patients-with-asthma-and-copd-a-pilot-study
#13
Andrzej Bozek, Jerzy Jarzab, Ewa Hadas, Marek Jakalski, Giorgio Walter Canonica
OBJECTIVE: Evidence of an increased risk of falls in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exists; however, this has not been studied in elderly asthmatic patients. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of falls in elderly patients who were diagnosed with bronchial asthma compared to subjects with COPD. METHODS: A 12 - month prospective observational study in elderly outpatients with diagnosis of either asthma or COPD was conducted...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736630/variations-in-clinical-management-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-according-to-different-equations-for-estimating-renal-function-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-cohort
#14
Vincenzo Livio Malavasi, Daniele Pettorelli, Elisa Fantecchi, Cristina Zoccali, Giuliana Laronga, Tommaso Trenti, Gregory Yoke Hong Lip, Giuseppe Boriani
Prescription of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) requires an assessment of renal function (RF) and the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation is traditionally recommended. The objective of the study was to evaluate the potential changes in NOACs management using different equations for estimating RF. In a post hoc analysis of a prospective cohort of patients with atrial fibrillation, we considered different equations: (1) CG for creatinine clearance (CrCl), (2) modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), (3) CKD-EPI, (4) Berlin Initiative Study 1 (BIS-1) and (5) full age spectrum (FAS), for glomerular filtration rate (GFR)...
May 7, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736062/dropout-rates-and-factors-associated-with-dropout-from-treatment-among-elderly-patients-attending-the-outpatient-services-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#15
Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the "dropout" rates from treatment and associated factors among elderly patients attending a tertiary care psychiatry outpatient facility. Materials and Methods: Data of 1422 patients aged ≥60 years, attending the walk-in clinic were evaluated. Results: Out of 1422 patients, 406 (28.55%) belonged to the "dropout" group. In the "dropout" group, the age of patients was significantly higher than the followed-up group, and a higher proportion of patients were >70 years old...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734662/secular-and-religious-social-support-better-protect-blacks-than-whites-against-depressive-symptoms
#16
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani
Purpose: Although the protective effect of social support against depression is well known, limited information exists on racial differences in this association. The current study examined Black-White differences in the effects of religious and secular emotional social support on depressive symptoms in a national sample of older adults in the United States. Methods: With a longitudinal prospective design, the Religion, Aging and Health Survey, 2001⁻2004, followed 1493 Black ( n = 734) and White ( n = 759) elderly individuals (age 66 and older) for three years...
May 4, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734054/depression-and-its-associated-factors-among-elderly-a-community-based-study-in-egypt
#17
Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ghada O Elkhawaga, Bernadet B Sarraf
BACKGROUND: Depression among the elderly constitutes a major public health concern that attracts worldwide attention. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and its associated factors among community dwelling elderly. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with an analytic component was carried out in both urban and rural areas of Mansoura District during the period from October 1 to December 31, 2016. The target population is elderly aged 60 years or more of both genders...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730844/benzodiazepine-ingestion-as-a-way-to-die-by-suicide-and-related-safety-the-case-of-an-elderly-patient
#18
Laura Cremaschi, Benedetta Grancini, Vera De Carlo, Sara Pozzoli, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
Benzodiazepines (BDZs) are widespread psychotropic compounds, often prescribed as first-line symptomatic option by general practitioners in patients with different psychiatric disorders. Sometimes, however, they contribute to delay the administration of the first appropriate psychopharmacological treatment, thus leading to a longer duration of untreated illness in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. The well-established pros of BDZs use in clinical practice include efficacy, rapidity of action, versatility, and safety...
May 5, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730704/normal-bone-microstructure-and-density-but-worse-physical-function-in-older-women-treated-with-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#19
Berit Larsson, Dan Mellström, Lisa Johansson, Anna G Nilsson, Mattias Lorentzon, Daniel Sundh
Depression in the elderly is today often treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) because of their favorable adverse effect profile. However, treatment with SSRIs is associated with increased risk of fractures. Whether this increased risk depends on reduced bone strength or increased fall risk due to reduced physical function is not certain. The aim was therefore to investigate if treatment with SSRIs is associated with impaired bone microstructure, bone density, or physical function in older women...
May 5, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729278/restoration-of-sensory-input-may-improve-cognitive-and-neural-function
#20
Hanin Karawani, Kimberly Jenkins, Samira Anderson
Age-related hearing loss is one of the most prevalent health conditions among the elderly. Hearing loss may lead to social isolation, depression, and cognitive decline in older adults. The mechanistic basis for the association between hearing loss and decreased cognitive function remains unknown as does the potential for improving cognition through hearing rehabilitation. To that end, we asked whether the restoration of sensory input through the use of hearing aids would improve cognitive and auditory neural function...
May 2, 2018: Neuropsychologia
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