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academic medicina

J P Lara, A Compañ, J A Vargas-Núñez, F Cardellach, S Fernández-González, A López-Muñiz, J L Álvarez-Sala
The significant and progressive reduction in the number of permanent teachers in medical schools (professor, associate professor and assistant professor) is a reason for concern for the National Conference of Deans. This reduction will intensify in the coming decade (2017-2026). Forty-three percent of the permanent faculty will retire, as will 55% of the faculty linked to clinical areas, 34% of the faculty not linked to clinical areas and 32% of the faculty of basic areas. This deficit is significant now, and, in a few years, the situation will be unsustainable, especially in the clinical areas...
June 7, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
Manuel Antonio Baeza-Bacab
Here, two papers are presented, which constitute the first reports of surgical procedures in Mexican children performed at the 19th century. The two publications refer to surgical operations for the extraction of bladder stones. At that time, there was no anesthesia, so part of the description alludes to the suffering of the patients and the operative difficulties. The first case, is referred to as a lithotomy in a 17-year-old girl, performed by surgeon José Victoriano Guerrero in Guadalajara in 1822. The publication is not an academic report, but a pamphlet written as a gift to Emperor Augustin I to celebrate his ascension to the throne...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Armando Mansilla-Olivares
El incalculable valor que atesora la Academia Nacional de Medicina, su enorme influencia y repercusión sobre la toma de decisiones médico-científico-epidemiológicas, radica única y exclusivamente en el dominio del conocimiento, la mente científica y el talento de todos y cada uno de sus miembros, desde su fundación en 1864 hasta nuestros días.
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
Aline Silva Baldoino, Renata Meira Veras
is study aimed to raise and discuss the data about the integration of health courses teaching and service activities o ered at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), pre- senting scenarios practices and major di culties existing in the relationship between the university and the services of health. is was a qualitative study of descriptive explo- ratory character, using a questionnaire as a research tool applied to the coordinators of selected health courses. e selection was by reading the political pedagogical project, the following courses were selected: nursing, physical therapy, speech therapy, medicine, nu- trition, dentistry and public health...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Javier Aragón-Robles, Patricia Vidal-Licona, Karem Mendoza-Salas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Álvaro Huete, Rodrigo Julio, Viviana Rojas, Cristián Herrera, Oslando Padilla, Nancy Solís, Margarita Pizarro, Lorena Etcheberry, Alberto Sarfatis, Gonzalo Pérez, Luis A Díaz, Alejandro Delfino, Estrella Muñoz, Horacio Rivera, Dimitri A Parra, Marcela Bitran, Arnoldo Riquelme
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Radiology teachers are well trained in their specialty; however, when working in academic institutions, faculty development and promotion through the education pathway tends to be based on their teaching knowledge and skills. The aim of this study is to assess psychometric properties of the Medicina Universidad Católica-Radiology 32 items (MEDUC-RX32), an instrument designed to evaluate the performance of postgraduate radiology teachers and to identify the best teachers...
July 2016: Academic Radiology
Liz Hamui-Sutton, José Halabe-Cherem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Sabine Herrmann
The Italian physician and botanist Prospero Alpini (1553-1617) is considered as one of the most famous 16th Century Italian botanists having explored the plant species of Egypt and the Near East. Alpinis best-known works as for example De medicina Egyptiorum (Venetijs 1591) or De plantis Aegypti liber (Venetijs 1592), however, wouldn't certainly have been made possible without the influence of his academic teacher, the Prussian physician and botanist Melchior Wieland (ca. 1520-1589), having been applied director of the botanical garden of Padua in 1561...
2015: Sudhoffs Archiv
Guilherme Arantes Mello, José Ruben de Alcântara Bonfim
A brief review of the career of the public health physician Walter Sidney Pereira Leser, who died in 2004 aged 94. Self-taught, from his 1933 doctoral thesis he became a country reference in the field of statistics and epidemiology, with dozens of studies and supervisions. In the clinical field he is one of the founders of Fleury Laboratory, and participates in the creation of CREMESP. As an academic, Leser was a professor at the Escola de Sociologia e Política de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina e Faculdade de Farmácia e Odontologia da USP...
September 2015: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Enrico Lavezzo, Marco Falda, Paolo Fontana, Luca Bianco, Stefano Toppo
Argot2.5 (Annotation Retrieval of Gene Ontology Terms) is a web server designed to predict protein function. It is an updated version of the previous Argot2 enriched with new features in order to enhance its usability and its overall performance. The algorithmic strategy exploits the grouping of Gene Ontology terms by means of semantic similarity to infer protein function. The tool has been challenged over two independent benchmarks and compared to Argot2, PANNZER, and a baseline method relying on BLAST, proving to obtain a better performance thanks to the contribution of some key interventions in critical steps of the working pipeline...
January 15, 2016: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Mónica P González-Ramírez, Karla Miravete-Lagunes, Andrés Gómez-de-León, Sergio Ponce-de-León, Andrea P Tenorio-Rojo, Nora A Martagón-Herrera, Jesús A Hernández-Reyes, Arturo García-Villasenor, Esteban Burguette, María Fernanda Vallejo-Villalobos, Guillermo J Ruiz-Delgado, David Gómez-Almaguer, Guillermo J Ruiz-Argüelles
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) is an important consideration in the counseling, implementation, and post-treatment management of arduous treatments for life-threatening conditions such as allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the QOL of leukemia patients allografted with the Mexican reduced-intensity conditioning regimen in two Mexican academic medical centers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: By means of the quality metric short form 36 version 2 to measure generic health concepts, relevant QOL was analyzed in leukemia patients who underwent allo-HCT using reduced-intensity conditioning on an outpatient basis at either the Centro de Hematología y Medicina Interna de Puebla of the Clínica Ruiz or the Hematology Service of the Internal Medicine Department of the Hospital "Dr...
March 2015: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Luca Ragazzoni, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Gianluca Gugliotta, Marco Tengattini, Jeffrey Michael Franc, Francesco Della Corte
Objective: Over the last century, the number of disasters has increased. Many governments and scientific institutions agree that disaster medicine education should be included in the standard medical curriculum. Italian medical students' perceptions of mass casualty incidents and disasters and whether-and if so to what extent-such topics are part of their academic program were investigated. Design, setting, and participants: A Web-based survey was disseminated to all students registered with the national medical students' association (Segretariato Italiano Studenti Medicina), a member of the International Federation of Medical Students' Associations...
2013: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Lucía Romero
The institutionalization of clinical research in Argentina reached its point of greatest maturity with the creation, in 1957, of the Institute of Medical Investigations (Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas) of the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad de Buenos Aires, and the drive of the man who was its director for almost 20 years, Alfredo Lanari. In this paper I analyze the ways in which he generated a style of clinical research and a referential position in local medical field that allowed him to carry out said institutional realization...
January 2012: Salud Colectiva
M A Riva, F Carnevale, M I D'Orso, S Iavicoli, P A Bertazzi, G Cesana
BACKGROUND: One of the last century's greatest personalities in Occupational Medicine was Enrico Carlo Vigliani (1907-1992), director of the "Clinica del Lavoro" in Milan (1942-1977), editor-in-chief of "La Medicina del Lavoro" (1942-1991), Secretary-Treasurer and then President of the "Permanent Commission and International Association on Occupational Health" (1957-1981), the original nucleus of the ICOH. OBJECTIVES: The 20th anniversary of his death provides us with the opportunity to discuss the role of this brilliant scholar in the international development of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene...
November 2012: La Medicina del Lavoro
Amando Martín Zurro, Josep Jiménez Villa, Antonio Monreal Hijar, Xavier Mundet Tuduri, Angel Otero Puime, Pablo Alonso Coello
OBJECTIVE: To examine the perceptions and expectations about Family Practice (FP) and Primary Care (PC) in 1st, 3rd and 5th year students in medical schools. DESIGN: An observational study in two cross sections with intervals of two years. LOCATION: Spanish Medical Schools. PARTICIPANTS: 1st, 3rd and 5th year students of 22 schools (1st phase) and 15 (second phase). PRIMARY MEASUREMENTS: Self-report questionnaires completed during the first quarter of the 2009-2010 and 2011-2012 academic years...
January 2013: Atencion Primaria
Marina de Castro Nascimento Gonçalves, Patricia Lacerda Bellodi
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Mentors have been recognized as important elements in the personal and professional development of medical students. However, few investigations have sought to understand their development, needs and difficulties. Our objective was to investigate the perceptions of a group of mentors regarding difficulties experienced over time and the resources used to face up to them. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative exploratory study on mentors at Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP)...
2012: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Ana Luce Girão Soares de Lima
The study dwells on the scientific background of Carlos Chagas Filho, between 1926 and 1942, which was the period of socialization of the scientist in the Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro and the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. It covers the period from the beginning of his professional career to the moment when he resigned from the administration of the Serviço de Estudos de Grandes Endemias in 1942 to devote himself to his academic career at the Laboratório de Física Biológica. The way in which his social and scientific resources were deployed throughout his career is analyzed, with a view to ascertaining the moment when he broke with the tradition of biomedical research of Manguinhos and embarked on the construction of a new location where he could implement his own scientific project...
June 2012: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Daiki Kobayashi, Norihiro Yamaguchi, Osamu Takahashi, Gautam A Deshpande, Tsuguya Fukui
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) treatment on physiological parameters and mortality in acute heart failure. METHODS: The MEDLINE (1966-2009), EMBASE (1980-2009), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1991-2009), American College of Physicians Journal Club (1991), Ichushi (Japana Centra Revuo Medicina) (1983-2009), Cinni (NII Scholarly and Academic Information Navigator) (1959-2009), National Diet Library Online Public Access Catalog (1969-2009), Webcat Plus (Japanese National Institute of Informatics) (1986-2009), Medical Online (1947-2009), and JST China (1981-2009) databases were searched for studies that compared the efficacy of hANP and the mortality in patients with acute heart failure with placebo controls...
January 2012: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Amando Martín Zurro, Josep Jiménez Villa, Antonio Monreal Hijar, Xavier Mundet Tuduri, Angel Otero Puime et al.
In 2006, a national research project was initially designed in Spain, with the basic aim of analysing the level of information on Primary Care that is available to medical students, their perception of the role of family medicine in the health system, and professional practice preferences, as well as the opinion expressed on the usefulness and need of specific teaching on primary care and family medicine during undergraduate studies. A questionnaire was prepared for each of the Spanish Faculties of Medicine to gather quantitative and qualitative data on the current situation on the teaching of primary care and family medicine...
April 2011: Atencion Primaria
Zivko Gnjidić, Stella Fatović-Ferencić
Based on secondary literature, a survey of particular forms of medical expertise over history is presented. The state-to-individual interaction in terms of personality and physical integrity protection, health care, etc., was observed. It was only after the 16th century that the development of anatomy was found to have become a decisive argument for convincing expertise in various trials. In Croatia, the course of medical expertise development was comparable to the close settings in the neighboring European countries...
March 2010: Acta Clinica Croatica
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